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Topeka, Kansas Historical Markers

 
Pauline Depot and 100th Anniversary Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., October 20, 2012
Pauline Depot and 100th Anniversary Marker
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — 100th Anniversary of the Pauline Depot — 1910 - 2010
This depot was donated by the AT&SF Ry Co. and moved to this site on August 11, 1983 The plaque is dedicated this October 3, 2010 to those volunteers who provided the restoration and preservation — Map (db m65024) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — A "Separate But Equal" School?

When Monroe Elementary School opened in 1927, it was a key part of Topeka's grand, million-dollar school construction program. Topeka wanted a first-class educational system that would promote pride in the city's schools. The new Monroe School . . . — Map (db m81392) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — A Playground and Community Center

Like all of the city's schools, students and local residents used Monroe School for multiple activities. A student club called "The Downbeat" held dances in the combined gym and auditorium. Local churches and civic organizations used the space . . . — Map (db m81391) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — A Turning Point for Equality

Across the field in front of you stands the former Monroe Elementary School. Parents of six students that attended this school in 1949 participated in the Brown v. Board of Education lawsuit. On May 17, 1954, the US Supreme Court issued . . . — Map (db m81395) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Ad Astra Dedication Ceremony
The Ad Astra sculpture on the Capitol dome was dedicated on Monday, November 4, 2002. The ceremony began with the blessing of the sculpture by Badger Wahwassuck of the Potawatomi Nation. Anna Bergen-Kamerer, granddaughter of the sculptor, . . . — Map (db m47003) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Alfred M. Landon State Office Building
Purchased from the Santa Fe Railway Co. and renovated for state office facilities — Map (db m119038) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — All Veterans Memorial
The Corridor of Flags outlines BNSF Railway Plaza leading to the All Veterans Memorial. The unique sculpture represents the flame of liberty, embodying the American ideals of freedom and democracy. It is erected in tribute to the members of . . . — Map (db m47008) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Barber Shop — 1900
This Barber Shop represents a small town Kansas Barber Shop at the turn-of-the-century. The Barber Shop was not only a place to get a haircut, but a shave and bath as well. The Barber Shop was a popular gathering place for men waiting for their . . . — Map (db m65026) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Battle of the Blue
Erected by G. G. Gage to the memory of his comrades who fell at The Battle of the Blue. Oct. 22, 1864. By the blood of these heroes, and their compatriots, this great Republic was made to live 2nd Regiment K. S. M. from . . . — Map (db m47339) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Blacksmith Shop — 1873
This log building depicts a small blacksmith shop in the 1800's. A blacksmith created tools, railings, fences, horseshoes, weapons and cooking utensils and was an important and necessary part of pioneer life. Anthony Ward was a wheelwright and . . . — Map (db m65028) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — 15 — Capital City of Kansas
Before it became the Kansas capital, Topeka was the seat of a free-state government — an alternative to the official proslavery territorial legislature elected in 1855. These two bodies represented opposing factions in Kansas’ battle over . . . — Map (db m118962) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — 15 — Capital of Kansas
Topeka was founded in 1854 at the site of Papan's Ferry where a branch of the Oregon Trail crossed the Kansas river as early as 1842. Anti-slavery leaders framed the Topeka Constitution, 1855, in the first attempt to organize a state government. The . . . — Map (db m20479) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Chandler Library Pavilion
. . . — Map (db m72645) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Charles Curtis — Vice-President of the United States — 1929-1933
. . . — Map (db m46967) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Charles Curtis — Vice-President , United States — 1929 - 1933
Son of the Kansa Nation Shawnee County Attorney Congressman U.S. Senator Senate Majority Leader Charles Curtis 1860 - 1936 — Map (db m47331) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Charles Sheldon Study — 1897
The Charles Sheldon Study was originally behind Sheldon's house on College Street in Topeka, Kansas. In 1897 Sheldon was the author of the internationally famous book In His Steps, from which the phrase "What Would Jesus Do?" originated. . . . — Map (db m64979) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Church of the Assumption
This property, formerly Hayden High School, is part of the Church of the Assumption Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m119040) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Constitution Hall -Topeka — 1855 -
Free State Capitol of Kansas Territory, 1855-1861 Used as the Kansas Capitol, 1864-1869 Constitution Hall is Topeka's oldest building. In October 1855, Free Staters held Topeka's first convention here, to organize a free state government . . . — Map (db m47297) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Corridor of Flags
Delaware, 1st State December 7, 1787 1609 • Henry Hudson visited Delaware Bay 1638 • Swedish colonists established Fort Christina, Delaware's first permanent settlement, and founded the colony of New Sweden 1655 • Dutch captured New . . . — Map (db m47214) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Crawford - Capper Burial Site
Samuel Crawford, publisher, attorney, farmer, and financial agent, served as Third Governor of Kansas, 1856-1868, and as head of the 19th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, 1868-1869. His wife, Isabel, the daughter of Enoch Chase, a founder of . . . — Map (db m47393) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Crime Victims' Rights Tree
. . . — Map (db m47006) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Cyrus K. Holliday — 1826 - 1900 — Pioneer And Builder
Founder and Mayor of Topeka. Influenced the selection of this city as the capital of Kansas. Organized the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company, obtained the original charter in the year 1859. Promoted the early development of Kansas . . . — Map (db m63886) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — David Puff
Dedicated to David Puff Founder and first president of the Topeka Area Water Garden Society David helped establish and maintain this water garden — Map (db m65030) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Devon Apartment Building
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Historic Topeka Inc. Preservation Award 1994 — Map (db m63884) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Everest Methodist Church — 1880
The heritage of this church began as the Mount Zion Methodist Episcopal congregation organized in 1861 with meetings being held in the home of Thomas and Catherine Price in Brown County near the town of Everest. Following the Civil War there was . . . — Map (db m65027) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — F-4D Fighter Aircraft — Mig Killer - Vietnam War
Flown by 117th Tactical Brig Gen Steve Ritchie Maj Larry Pettit First Flight - 11 Nov 66 Transferred Davis-Monthan 4 Apr 89 Refurbished By 184th ARW KSANG - 2004 — Map (db m40803) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — First Section of Interstate Opened in United States
Next 8 Miles Under 1956 Federal-Aid Highway Act November 14, 1956 — Map (db m65054) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — 120 — Fool Chief's Village
The Kansa, for whom the state is named, once occupied 20 million acres of land in eastern and northern Kansas. In 1825 the U.S. government reduced the lands to a reservation west of Topeka. In 1846 tribe members were sent to a 256,000 acre . . . — Map (db m118963) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Franklin Loomis Crane
Born Jan. 10, 1808, Died Nov. 21, 1884. ———— Founder of the Topeka Cemetery — Map (db m47329) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — G.A.R. Memorial Building
This tablet was erected by the State of Kansas to the memory of Charles Henry Chandler the designer of this building State Architect MCMIX - MCMXVIII — Map (db m61427) HM WM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Gem Building
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior November 1, 2006 and on the Register of Historic Kansas Places by the State of Kansas August 26, 2006 . . . — Map (db m50789) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Gettysburg Address
Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great Civil War, testing whether that . . . — Map (db m73456) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Governor Landon's Acceptance
From this landing on July 23, 1936, at 8:31 p.m., Governor Alf M. Landon of Kansas 1933-1937 accepted the Republican nomination for President of the United States — Map (db m46966) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Henry Murphy Walsh and Every A.E.F. "Runner" — In Loving Memory Of
First Class Private, "Runner," Company B, 361st Infantry, 91st Division. Born February 7th, 1893. Killed in battle in the Argonne September 27th, 1918, and in honor of every "Runner" that lost his life in the service of the A.E.F. this . . . — Map (db m47335) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Home of Charles Curtis
Home of Charles Curtis Vice President United States 1928-1932 The Charles Curtis House - 1878 — Map (db m50791) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — How to Heat and Cool an Old School

During the summer, neighborhood kids play baseball on the grass field across the street - just as they have for nearly a century. But even more excitement is taking place underground. This playground is home to a state of the art geothermal . . . — Map (db m81397)

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Ichabod Washburn — 1798-1868
Innovative businessman, fervent Congregationalist, abolitionist and philanthropist, Ichobad Washburn is the generous benefactor from Massachusetts after whom Washburn University is named. — Map (db m119078) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Kansas Army and Air National Guard
Just as the Minute Men of Concord were America's first defenders of freedom, the Kansas Army and Air National Guard team always stands ready to protect us during natural disasters or when foreign aggression threatens America. Their contribution to . . . — Map (db m48464) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Kansas Children
In 1988, elementary school children of Kansas submitted to the Kansas Arts Commission drawings they thought would be the best idea for a sculpture to top the Capitol dome. Sunflowers, eagles, meadowlarks, farmers, cottonwood trees, wheat shocks, . . . — Map (db m47000) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Kansas History
The first Spanish explorers arrived in Kansas in 1541, followed by Lewis and Clark in 1804. Westward migration brought the first white settlers - government agents in 1808 and missionaries in 1825. Oil and gas were discovered in 1851. In 1854, . . . — Map (db m46995) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Kansas Veterans' Memorial
Dedicated to the Citizens of Kansas who lost their lives while serving in the Armed Forces of the United States May their Sacrifices serve as a Reminder of the Duties, Responsibilities, and Obligations of every Citizen of our Great . . . — Map (db m46969) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Kansas Veterans' Walk
Dedicated to the citizens of Kansas who have served, are serving, and will serve in the Armed Forces of the United States and the State of Kansas Dedicated November 11, 1997 — Map (db m46968) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — L-5 105mm Pack Howitzer
Captured from Iraqi Army by 2-130 FA KSARNG Built in Italy and Designed for Use in Mountainous Terrain from 1957 to 1984 Crew of 7 Max Range - 10,750 meters Short Barrel — Map (db m40802) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Lingo Livery Stable — 1870
The Lingo Livery Stable represents a building that was indispensable to a prairie town. Trips into town included a need for food, water and the care of animals while there. Horse and buggies could also be leased at Livery Stables. This . . . — Map (db m65021) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Mariachi Divina! — Mariachi Estrella de Topeka Musical Tribute
In 1977, seven women from Kansas banded together to share with America, the traditions, culture and music of Mexico - and Mariachi Estrella de Topeka was born. Originally a choir of Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, the group rose to become regional . . . — Map (db m48492) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Martin Luther — 1483 - 1546
Ninety-five theses nailed to Castle Church in Wittenberg October 31, 1517 ———————— [Luther Rose emblem] "Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise: God help me! Amen" 1521 . . . — Map (db m73734) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Mission Kitchen Garden
In the 1850s most Americans were farmers. They relied heavily on kitchen gardens to feed their families. These plots contained herbs and vegetables used for food, medicine, and dying cloth. Yarrow was used to treat colds and oregano to season . . . — Map (db m48665) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Monroe School
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America — Map (db m47007) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Monroe School Neighborhood

Many African Americans living in the Monroe School neighborhood took a deep interest in their community and the betterment of their race. They helped found the local branch of the NAACP and joined in legal battles to do away with . . . — Map (db m81306) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Mulvane General Store — 1924
This building was built in 1924 by Albert Carlson. In 1935 it was purchased by the Schuler family and operated as Schuler's Grocery Store until the mid 1960's. It provided goods for its customers and operated as a neighborhood gathering place, . . . — Map (db m64976) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Northeast Kansas Korean War Memorial — Freedom Is Not Free
[Honor Roll of Names by County] The Korean War 1950-1953 [Map and Chronology] Freedom's Flag It is the Soldier, not the Reporter, who has given us Freedom of the Press. It is the Soldier, not the Poet, who has given us . . . — Map (db m49274) WM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — On This Site — Lincoln College
Organized by the Congregational Church occupied a building erected in 1865. It was Topeka's first college and preparatory school with classes starting January 3, 1866. Renamed for Ichabod Washburn, the college moved to its present campus in . . . — Map (db m119037) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Palm Park
Main marker: Dedicated in Memory of Major Willard G. Palm who died while serving his country 1921 - 1960 Major Willard G. Palm and his fellow crew members *Maj. Eugene E. Posa, *Capt. Oscar L. Goforth, *Capt. Dean B. Phillips, Capt. . . . — Map (db m20547) WM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Pappan's Ferry — 1842
Travelers on the Oregon Trail encountered the first major obstacle of their journey when they reached the Kansas River. In 1842, Joseph and Louis Pappan established a ferry operation across the river. The ferry, at one time, was directly behind . . . — Map (db m65025) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Pillars of the Community

Alongside the church, the schools were anchors of African American life in Topeka. With the rise of an all-black teaching force in the city's black schools in the 1880s, teachers formed the backbone of the black middle class. They believed that . . . — Map (db m81307) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Potawatomie Baptist Manual Labor Training School
Student farm labor was intended to make this boarding school self-supporting. The building, completed in the spring of 1850, housed approximately ninety Indian children. Eleven years later, the school was closed due to funding failures and the . . . — Map (db m48663) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Potwin Drug Store — 1890's
This building replicates Doc Warner's Drugstore where eleven men gathered in 1892 to form what would later be known as the Security Benefit Group of Companies. The fixtures inside were part of a 1902 neighborhood drugstore located at 5th and . . . — Map (db m64975) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Replica of the Statue of Liberty
With the faith and courage of their forefathers who made possible the freedom of these United States The Boy Scouts of America dedicate this copy of the Statue of Liberty as a pledge of everlasting fidelity and loyalty . . . — Map (db m54603) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Samuel J. Crumbine, MD — (1862-1954)
"I began to realize, as I never had before, how much the health of each of us depends on the health of all of us." Frontier physician, public health visionary and child health advocate, Samuel J. Crumbine was a man of tremendous . . . — Map (db m120812) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Santa Fe Caboose #1552 — 1927
The Santa Fe Railway Company purchased this all-steel constructed caboose, called "waycar," new in 1927 for $4,200. Waycars were occupied by the conductor and rear brakeman who usually rode in the cupola so they could visually inspect their . . . — Map (db m65022) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Shawnee County World War Memorial — 1914 - 1918
. . . — Map (db m48465) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Sioux Quartzite Boulder
This large boulder was carried to Kansas by a glacier several thousand feet thick about 700,000 years ago during the Pleistocene (Ice) Age. The boulder was plucked from a bedrock source, the nearest located in southeastern South Dakota or . . . — Map (db m48670) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Site of the First State Capitol
The first major office building in Topeka was erected on this corner in 1857-1858. It was known as the Ritchie Block and in the structure in 1861 the Executive Offices and the Senate Chamber of the new State of Kansas were first established. . . . — Map (db m50792) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — St. John AME Church
has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 2008 — Map (db m73735) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Standing Up for Their Rights

The Topeka chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) recruited 13 African American parents to file a lawsuit contesting the state law that allowed cities like Topeka to segregate students in elementary . . . — Map (db m81393) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Sumner School Cornerstone
This corner stone preserved by P-T-A. & Past Patrons of Sumner School Erected 1901 - Replaced 1936 Board of Education [List of names] ———————— This tree in memory of Mose . . . — Map (db m65040) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — The Capitol Building
Under construction for thirty-seven years, the Capitol building was completed in 1903 at a cost of $3,200,588.92. It was considered among the most architecturally handsome buildings in the nation. At a height of 304 feet, the Kansas Capitol is . . . — Map (db m46993) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — The Freedom Tree
With the vision of universal freedom for all mankind this tree is dedicated to Terry L. Reynolds and all Prisoners of War and Missing in Action — Map (db m46988) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — The Governor's Plaque
This life-sized sculpture depicted the 22-foot Kansas Capitol dome sculpture "Ad Astra" is a gift to the people of Kansas from the Honorable Bill Graves, forty-third governor of Kansas. It is presented as a proud symbol of our state's heritage, . . . — Map (db m46998) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — The Kansa Tribe
The Kansa tribe inhabited the Kansas River Valley, where it was first encountered by European traders in the early 18th century. Centered around a number of villages, Kansa society possessed a clearly demarcated social structure and rigid gender . . . — Map (db m47002) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — The Munn Pioneer Memorial — Ad Astra Per Aspera
To Commemorate the Achievements of the Native Sons and Daughters of Kansas [The historical content is evident in the sculpture and reliefs] — Map (db m54620) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — The Pauline Depot — 1910
The Pauline Depot, constructed by the Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company at a cost of $985, is a typical small town Santa Fe Railroad station that served the public during the early 1900's. This depot was located in Pauline, seven . . . — Map (db m65023) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Topeka Chapter, The Military Order of the World Wars
Is hereby organized and instituted as a chapter of the Order to be known as the Topeka Chapter of the Military Order of the World War. Chartered this 30th day of August in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Nine Hundred and Twenty-Three "S" added . . . — Map (db m48457) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Topeka High School World War Memorial — In Memoriam
Former students who gave their lives in the World War 1917 - 1918 Victor Blakely • Robert Melton William Bolinger • Harold Olson Crosby Deacon • Lyman Rice Kenneth Sutherland — Map (db m50786) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Topeka Tornado Victims — In Memory
This memorial is given as a tribute for those who worked unselfishly in restoring our city to normalcy, and as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the tornado of June 8, 1966. Lisle Grauer • Mary Beasley Craig Beymer • . . . — Map (db m47334) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Trails across Kansas
Kansas is a land of trails. Even before Kansas became a state in 1861, many people and animals traveled through the area. It is the north-south route for migratory birds. Elk and bison cut paths looking for rivers and other water sources. Native . . . — Map (db m48660) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — U.S.S. Constitution Lower Foreyard
. . . — Map (db m50760) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — UH-1H Huey Helicopter
. . . — Map (db m40801) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — V. F. W. Lawn
Dedicated to Phillip Billard Post No. 1650 in memory of our Comrades who made the supreme sacrifice during the World War — Map (db m48454) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Veterans Memorial
Memorial Court of Honor in memory of those who have served their country in the sacred cause of liberty and justice Veterans of All Wars at rest in Mount Hope [Honor Roll of Veterans] Brave Men and Worthy Patriots dear to . . . — Map (db m73459) WM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Victor Schoolhouse — 1881
The Victor Common Schoolhouse, District #101, was used from 1881-1954 in Rossville, Kansas. The first teacher at this one-room school had 20 students and was paid $30 per month. Besides teaching, the teacher also served as the school nurse and . . . — Map (db m64978) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Ward-Meade Home — 1870
Anthony A. Ward bought land from Indians - 1854. Site of first sermon preached in Topeka, December 29, 1854. —————————— Entered on the National Register of Historic Places . . . — Map (db m65038) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Ward-Meade Mansion
Anthony Ward constructed this home between 1870 and 1874. Two sides are built of handsome brick and two of native limestone. The house was remodeled between 1900 and 1905 after it was occupied by the Ward's daughter, Jennie Ward Meade and her . . . — Map (db m65037) HM

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