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Monroe County Tennessee Historical Markers

 
Estes Kefauver Facing South image, Touch for more information
By R.E. Smirth, July 11, 2007
Estes Kefauver Facing South
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — IF 29 — Estes Kefauver1903–1963
Born and buried on this land near Madisonville. Graduate of University of Tennessee, Yale Law School. Attorney; State Commissioner of Finance and Taxation January-May 1939; U.S. Representative from the Third Congressional District 1939–1948; . . . — Map (db m82272) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — In Memory of Those Who ServedCivil War 1864 - 1865 — Monroe County
Confederate 4th (Branner's) Tennessee Cavalry Battalion. Co. “B” became “G”, 2nd (Ashby's) Regiment. 3rd (Vaughan's)Tennessee Infantry Regiment. Companies “B”, “F”, “H” and . . . — Map (db m69397) WM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — 1F 23 — John Crawford VaughnFeb. 21, 1824 - Sept. 10, 1875
Born in a house which stood here. Captain in the 5th Tenn. Inf., Mexican War; organizer and first commander of the 3rd Tenn. Inf., CSA, whose first action was the first Battle of Manassas. Promoted brigadier general, he was captured at Vicksburg . . . — Map (db m82273) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — 1E 95 — Lost Sea
Features of national significance include the world's largest underground lake and the rare anthodite formation (cave flowers). The cave also contains numerous other forms of stalactites and stalagmites. The bones and footprints of a giant . . . — Map (db m82274) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — Monroe County Courthouse
Monroe County was established 1819; Named in honor of President James Monroe. From 1819-1830 the Courthouse was in private homes. The first courthouse was built on this site in 1830 and burned in 1833. The second courthouse was . . . — Map (db m82275) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — 1F 13 — Old Federal Road
This highway follows two miles of the Old Federal Road established by the Treaty of 1805 between the United States and the Cherokee Nation. The Road began at the Tellico Blockhouse on the Little Tennessee River and extended to Vann’s Ferry on the . . . — Map (db m49576) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — War Comes to MadisonvilleEnjoying "forced hospitality" — Knoxville Campaign
(preface) On November 4, 1863, to divert Federal forces from Chattanooga, Confederate Gen. James Longstreet led two reinforced divisions from the city to attack Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s garrison in Knoxville. Burnside confronted . . . — Map (db m69379) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Sweetwater — IF-41 — Longstreet Encampment
In mid to late 1863, Sweetwater was a supply and staging area for the Confederacy. It was the last secure depot on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, south of the Union lines. In November 1863, General Longstreet, with 15,000 men, camped here . . . — Map (db m100755) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Sweetwater — Sweetwater DepotStrategic Target — Knoxville Campaign
(preface) On November 4, 1863, to divert Federal forces from Chattanooga, Confederate Gen. James Longstreet led two reinforced divisions from the city to attack Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s garrison in Knoxville. Burnside confronted . . . — Map (db m69367) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Sweetwater — Tennessee Meiji Gakuin High School 1989-2007
This monument commemorates Tennessee Meiji Gakuin High School (TMG) which existed here. The school was founded on the Christian principle of service to mankind, with the motto: "Do for others". During its 18 years, TMG graduated 677 students. . . . — Map (db m70484) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Sweetwater — The Great Craighead CaveMining a Strategic Material
Saltpeter, or niter, is a key ingredient of gunpowder found in many limestone caves in East Tennessee. In June 1861, Randolph Ross, Jr., and J. Marshall McCue contracted with the Confederate Ordnance Bureau to produce niter here at the “Milk . . . — Map (db m82276) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Sweetwater — The Tennessee Overhill ExperienceFrom Furs to Factories — Sweetwater-An Historic Commercial Center
Prosperous farmer, railroad investor, and legislator, I. T. Lenoir deeded a track of his farm in 1858 for the location of a railroad depot on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad which bisected the fledging town of Sweetwater. Within a few years, . . . — Map (db m117113) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — 1F 34 — Boyhood Home of Ray H. Jenkins1897 - 1980
Known as the “Terror of Tellico Plains,” this eminent Knoxville lawyer gained national fame as Chief Counsel at the Army-McCarthy hearings in 1954. He defended more than 600 persons on trial for their lives and never lost a one to the . . . — Map (db m49578) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — Cherokee Heritage TrailsTsalagi Usdi Nvnohi
Cherokee Heritage Trails (Tsalagi Usdi Nvnohi) wind through the mountains of North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia, in the heart of Cherokee homelands that once encompassed more than 140,000 square miles. Here, where Cherokee people have lived . . . — Map (db m75410) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — Coker CreekCaught in the Middle
Here in the shadow of the Unicoi Mountains, the Coker Creek community suffered the effects of the Civil War. The conflict closed the lucrative gold mines here and brought devastation and terror to the inhabitants. Both the Union and the Confederate . . . — Map (db m82296) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — 1F 18 — Early Gold Mining
Placer gold was discovered along Coker Creek in 1831. For a time there was feverish digging; $80,000 of Coker Creek gold was mined between 1831 and 1854. Since then there has been sporadic mining here. — Map (db m49557) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — 1F 14 — Fort Loudoun Massacre
Four miles N.E., at junction Cane Creek, Tellico River, Fort Loudoun’s Garrison, which had surrendered to Attakullakulla and other Cherokee chiefs, was betrayed Aug. 9, 1760 - while returning under safe conduct to Charleston. 25 were killed; 200 . . . — Map (db m49577) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — 1F 42 — Scott MansionCharles Abner Scott — 1866 - 1930
Born in Johnson County, Tennessee, Charles A. Scott came to Tellico Plains ca. 1890 and was actively involved in its development. During his life, he sold off or donated vast amounts of his 15,000 acre holdings to expand the town. He recruited the . . . — Map (db m60256) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — Tellico Iron WorksGripped in the War's Iron Fist
Throughout the Civil War, both sides depended on the iron industry for vitally important munitions. The Tellico Iron and Manufacturing Company, then located one mile east, caught the attention first of the Confederate army and eventually of Union . . . — Map (db m82297) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — The Tennessee Overhill ExperienceFrom Furs to Factories
Tellico Plains Early Iron and Logging Industries Tellico Plains’ first industrial venture, the Tellico Iron Works, started around 1825 with the construction of a foundry by an early white settler. Local legend, however, holds that native . . . — Map (db m116822) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — Unicoi Turnpike TrailPath Through Time
The path now known as the Unicoi Turnpike Trail has existed for over 1,000 year. The earliest European maps of the area note the trail as a connector between Cherokee Territories and the coastal ports of Charleston and Savannah. In 1756 British . . . — Map (db m82299) HM WM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Cherokee Heritage TrailsTsalagi Usdi Nvnohi
Cherokee Heritage Trails (Tsalagi Usdi Nvnohi) wind through the mountains of North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia, in the heart of Cherokee homelands that once encompassed more than 140,000 square miles. Here, where Cherokee people have lived for . . . — Map (db m75440) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — 1F 6 — Cherokee Villages
Along the south side of the Little Tennessee River for about thirteen miles were ten villages of the Overhill Cherokees. They were Mialaque, Tuskegee, Tomotley, Toquo, Tennessee, Chota, Citico, Halfway Town, Chilhowee, Talassee. White encroachments . . . — Map (db m60258) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — 1F 5 — Fort Loudon
One mile east is a replica of this fort, built 1756-57 by South Carolina provincial troops to check the French and strengthen the English influence in the Mississippi Valley. It was besieged by the Cherokee and surrendered August 7, 1760. — Map (db m75420) HM WM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Fort Loudon
Constructed by the English 1756 to help win the valley of the Mississippi. Captured by the Indians under French influence 1760.

Marked by the Tennessee Society of the Colonial Dames of America 1917 — Map (db m88877) HM

Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Fort Loudoun
Fort Loudoun has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. — Map (db m75425) HM WM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — 1F 15 — Sequoyah
About 1½ mi. E., in the town of Tuskegee, this son of Nathaniel Gist, an emissary to the Cherokee from George Washington, and Wurteh, daughter of a chief, was born about 1770. He designed the alphabet of 85 characters, still in use in the . . . — Map (db m60257) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Tellico Blockhouse1794-1807
The Tellico Blockhouse was a United States fortification constructed in 1794 and in use through 1807. Primarily, The Tellico Blockhouse served as a check against white settlement deeper into Cherokee lands. It also served as home to the Tellico . . . — Map (db m120203) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — 1F 36 — Tenasee Cherokee Village
Near here on the bank of the now-flooded Little Tennessee River was the Cherokee Indian village of Tenasee. Probably established in the 17th century, by 1753 it had been overshadowed by Chota, the principal political center during the latter half of . . . — Map (db m53951) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — The Tennessee Overhill Experience-From Furs to FactoriesOverhill Fur & Hide Trade
From the beginning of the eighteenth century until the American Revolution, Cherokee hunters and trappers traded tens of thousands of animal pelts for manufactured goods imported by licensed British traders. The first resident trader in the Overhill . . . — Map (db m116823) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Unicoi Turnpike Trail
The path now known as the Unicoi Turnpike Trail has existed for over 1,000 years. The earliest European maps of the area note the trail as a connector between Cherokee Territories and the coastal ports of Charleston and Savannah. In 1756 British . . . — Map (db m82302) HM WM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Unicoi Turnpike TrailA Path Through Time
The path now known as the Unicoi Turnpike Trail has existed for over 1,000 years. The earliest European maps of the area note the trail as a connector between Cherokee Territories and the coastal ports of Charleston and Savannah. In 1756 British . . . — Map (db m82303) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Welcome to Fort Loudoun State Historic AreaFort Loudoun (1756-1760)
Fort Loudoun played a significant role in helping Great Britain secure the trans-Appalachian region from France during the Seven Years War, or as it is known in America, the French and Indian War. As the first planned British fort in the "Overhill" . . . — Map (db m75423) HM

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