“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fayette County, Illinois

Clickable Map of Fayette County, Illinois and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fayette County, IL (47) Bond County, IL (26) Clay County, IL (3) Clinton County, IL (32) Effingham County, IL (14) Marion County, IL (5) Montgomery County, IL (19) Shelby County, IL (17)  FayetteCounty(47) Fayette County (47)  BondCounty(26) Bond County (26)  ClayCounty(3) Clay County (3)  ClintonCounty(32) Clinton County (32)  EffinghamCounty(14) Effingham County (14)  MarionCounty(5) Marion County (5)  MontgomeryCounty(19) Montgomery County (19)  ShelbyCounty(17) Shelby County (17)
Vandalia is the county seat for Fayette County
Adjacent to Fayette County, Illinois
      Bond County (26)  
      Clay County (3)  
      Clinton County (32)  
      Effingham County (14)  
      Marion County (5)  
      Montgomery County (19)  
      Shelby County (17)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Illinois, Fayette County, Brownstown — Brownstown — Twin Pumps
Nearly 100 years before Brownstown businesses offered fuel, food, and lodging to motorists following US 40 across America, there was Ezra Griffith and Twin Pumps. A New York native, Griffith followed the National Road to Fayette County, Ill., . . . Map (db m144228) HM
2 Illinois, Fayette County, Brownstown — Brownstown Area Veterans Memorial — All Gave Some - Some Gave All — God Bless America —
Dedicated in remembrance of our veterans Memorial Day 2001 by their friends and families Conceived by Veterans of Foreign Wars Post #9770 Brownstown, Il. Killed in Action L.H. Foley · M. Forbis · R.O. Cortelloni · C. . . . Map (db m59628) WM
3 Illinois, Fayette County, St. Elmo — St. Elmo — Planes, Trains, and Automobiles
St. Elmo's history is rooted in the dust of a settlement named Howard's Point. Hamlets like Howard's Point relied on the National Road to sustain their businesses. Some of these small settlements grew into cities. Others faded as their . . . Map (db m144229) HM
4 Illinois, Fayette County, St. Elmo — St. Elmo Area Veterans Memorial — Duty - Honor - God - Country
We dedicate this memorial to the men and women whose names are listed on the tablets before you. They left this community to serve with honor and dignity and to preserve freedom around the world. "Never in the course of history . . . Map (db m59624) HM
5 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — American Legion Post 95 War Memorial
. . . Map (db m42537) HM
6 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Charles Prentice — Oct. 20, 1800 - Nov. 22, 1837
Born in Pennsylvania. First store keeper in Vandalia for owner, William Kinney. House of Representatives 1828-29. Registrar of Vandalia Land Office. State Bank Commissioner 1835.Map (db m42410) HM
7 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Cumberland Road
Vandalia was the western terminus of the Cumberland or National Road which extended eighty feet wide for 591 miles from Cumberland, Maryland through Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana. Illinois construction by the Federal Government began in 1811 and . . . Map (db m42345) HM
8 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Ebenezer Capps' Store — 1837 — Looking for Lincoln —
The store of Ebenezer Capps was located just north of this site at the northeast corner of Main and Fourth streets. The location of Main street is not the same today as when Lincoln was here. Vandalia existed long before the coming of . . . Map (db m42486) HM
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9 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Elijah Conway Berry — Feb. 14, 1781 - Jan. 1, 1849
Born in Kentucky. Father of James W. Berry. Territorial Auditor. State Auditor of Public Accounts 1819-31. Co-Editor of "Illinois Intelligencer", Kaskaskia 1817-20. President of State Bank 1837. Black Hawk War soldier. Father-in-law of Gov. W. L. . . . Map (db m42383) HM
10 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Fayette County Veterans Memorial — Lest We Forget
Dedicated to all veterans of Fayette County who served their country in the Armed Services of the United States of America Dedicated May 30, 2002Map (db m42538) HM
11 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Ferdinand Ernst — 179- - 1822
Born in Hanover. Leader of Colony from Hanover, Germany. Came to Vandalia in 1819 with Frederick Hollman, who remained to build houses. Bearing all expenses, Ernst returned with colonists December, 1820. Director of State Bank, 1821. Trustee of . . . Map (db m42380) HM
12 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — First Elective Office — 1834
On December 1, 1834 Abraham Lincoln entered the State Capitol that stood on this site. This was his first term as a state representative and the first time he held elective office. The Abraham Lincoln that began his political career on that . . . Map (db m42510) HM
13 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — First Protest Against Slavery — 1837
At the beginning of Lincoln's second term as a state representative, several southern legislatures were concerned that the Federal Government would abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. Most of the members of the Illinois Legislature . . . Map (db m42490) HM
14 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — First State Capitol — 1820 - 1823
The first capitol building owned by the State was erected on this site. It was a thirty by forty feet two-story frame structure. The Second and Third Illinois General Assemblies met here, the House on the first floor and the Senate on the second. . . . Map (db m42366) HM
15 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Flack's Hotel
In 1836 Colonel Abner Flack took over the large three-story frame building which stood here and operated it under the name Vandalia Inn. In 1853-1854 it was the headquarters for Chief Engineer Charles F. Jones, in charge of construction of the . . . Map (db m42347) HM
16 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Frederick Remann — Apr. 10, 1807 - June 17, 1873
Born in Hanover. Member of Ernst Colony. Merchant. Paymaster in Blackhawk War 1832. Division Quarter Master in Illinois Militia - Colonel 1834. House of Representatives 1846-48.Map (db m42411) HM
17 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — George Leidig
Born in Hanover. Died Feb. 3, 1847. Member of Ernst Colony. Builder and operator of Vandalia Hotel. Merchant. Daughter, Olivia Whiteman, friend of the Abraham Lincoln family, unveiled Madonna of the Trail statue.Map (db m42384) HM
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18 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Government Officials Buried in the Old State Cemetery
Half an acre of this Old State Burial Ground was laid off for state officials in 1835. Although exact location is unknown, it is thought to be in this area. In 1874 the monument and remains were moved to South Hill Cemetery. Four Representatives . . . Map (db m42421) HM
19 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — House of Divine Worship — Erected in 1823
The Illinois General Assembly donated five lots in Vandalia to promote the construction of a church for the use of all denominations. The forty-five by sixty feet one-story frame structure erected in the summer of 1823 was used primarily by the . . . Map (db m42340) HM
20 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Illinois Legislators Monument
John B. E. Canal A representative from Madison County in the General Assembly of Illinois Born at Baltimore June 24, 1809 Died at Vandalia December 31, 1830 Benjamin A. Clark Representative of the General Assembly . . . Map (db m42627) HM
21 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Internal Improvements — 1837
In Lincoln’s first campaign speech on March 9, 1832, he expressed support for internal improvements. “Time and experience have verified to a demonstration, the public utility of internal improvements. That the poorest and most . . . Map (db m42512) HM
22 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — James W. Berry — July 16, 1805 - Jan. 7, 1877
Born in Kentucky. Circuit Clerk of Fayette County 1826-56. Adjutant General 1834-39. First talented artist of Illinois. Portrait painter of state officers and legislators. Commissioned by General Assembly to copy portraits of Washington and . . . Map (db m42381) HM
23 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — John Frederick Morey, M.D. — May 16, 1817 - April 13, 1867
Dr. Morey was born in Erie Co. Penna. but moved to Illinois when a young man. He was nearly 50 yrs. old at his death and had been engaged in the practice of medicine for nearly thirty years. He graduated from the Physio-Medical College of Ohio . . . Map (db m42700) HM
24 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Lincoln and the "Long Nine" — 1836
The delegation from Sangamon County for the 1836-1837 Session of the legislature quickly became known as the "Long Nine." The seven representatives and two senators were all six feet or taller. Five were lawyers, three were farmers, and one . . . Map (db m42485) HM
25 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Lincoln As A Polished Politician — 1836 — Looking for Lincoln —
On December 5, 1836 Abraham Lincoln attended the opening session of the Tenth Gereral Assembly in Vandalia. This session was held in a new building just recently completed by the citizens of Vandalia to serve as the State Capitol. It was . . . Map (db m42517) HM
26 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Lincoln Attends Funerals — 1835 — Looking for Lincoln —
On June 12, 1823, the Third General Assembly, meeting in the newly formed city of Vandalia, conveyed one and one-half acres of land to the city of Vandalia, with the proviso that the land be used as a burial ground. This is the location of that . . . Map (db m42428) HM
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27 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Lincoln Travels To The Capital — 1834 — Looking for Lincoln —
Abraham Lincoln traveled past this spot while he served as a state representative in Vandalia. This location marks the route of a road that ran from Vandalia to Springfield, Illinois. Traces of the roadway are still visible today. The roadway . . . Map (db m42527) HM
28 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Madonna of the Trail — The National Old Trails Road
N·S·D·A·R Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days The Cumberland Road. Built by the Federal Government. Was authorized by Congress and approved by Thomas Jefferson in 1806. Vandalia marks the . . . Map (db m42341) HM
29 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Mary Hall and son James — Jan. 22, 1799-Aug. 18, 1832 [and] Aug. 10, 1832-Oct. 5, 1832
Wife, born in Kentucky, and son of James Hall, first Man of Letters in Illinois. State Treasurer 1827-31. President of first state historical society 1827-33. Author of first book of literary style in Illinois 1828. Trustee of Illinois College . . . Map (db m42388) HM
30 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Old State Cemetery
The Illinois General Assembly authorized Governor Edward Coles in 1823 to convey to Vandalia one and one-half acres for a state burial ground. Here were buried four members of the legislature and several state officials who died while in office. . . . Map (db m42371) HM
31 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Public Printer
This is the site of a two-story frame building occupied by Robert Blackwell, State Printer 1818-1832, and publisher of the Laws of the United States. In 1823 he became publisher of the Illinois Intelligencer newspaper. The first periodical in . . . Map (db m42348) HM
32 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Robert Blackwell — Feb. 17, 1796 - Apr. 30, 1866
Born in Kentucky. State Printer. Publisher of Laws of United States. Editor of newspaper "Illinois Intelligencer" 1825-32 and Co-Owner with James Hall 1829-32. House of Representatives 1832. Senate 1838-40. Black Hawk War soldier. . . . Map (db m42376) HM
33 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Robert K. McLaughlin and wife Isabella — Oct. 25, 1779 - May 29, 1862 [and] Sept. 9, 1791 - June 5, 1868
Born in Virginia. State Treasurer 1819-23. Trustee of Vandalia appointed by Legislature 1821. House of Representatives 1826-28. Senate 1828-32 and 1836-38. State Bank Commissioner 1835-37. Registrar of U.S. Land Office. Isabella, niece of Shadrach . . . Map (db m42423) HM
34 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Robert K. McLaughlin Home
On this site lived Robert K. McLaughlin, State Treasurer 1820-1823, State Senator 1828-1832, 1836-1837, and Register of the United States Land Office 1837-1845. Here the Governors of Illinois resided when the Legislature was in session. The . . . Map (db m42339) HM
35 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Second State Capitol — 1824 - 1836
The second state capitol owned by the State was a two-story brick building erected here in 1824, using the walls of the first State Bank which burned January 28, 1823. Abraham Lincoln was a member of the House in the 1834-1835 and 1835-1836 . . . Map (db m42351) HM
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36 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Site of Blackwell's White House
Colonel Robert Blackwell's new two-story frame store and boarding house opened on this site in time for the convening of the Ninth General Assembly on December 1, 1834. He advertised board and lodging for 'thirty or forty.'Map (db m144303) HM
37 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Site of Charters Hotel — Reported missing
John Charters operated a large tavern on this site from the late 1820's to November 1835. Under the name, "Sign of the Green Tree," it was operated by Thomas Redmond until 1838.Map (db m144133) HM
38 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Site of Ernst Hotel
Here stood a two-story log building erected in 1819 for Ferdinand Ernst who brought the German colony to Vandalia. Named Union Hall, it was operated as a hotel. After Ernst's death in 1823 it was managed by E.M. Townsend, and from April 1825 by . . . Map (db m42363) HM
39 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Sitting with Lincoln
Young Lincoln said of his own ambitions, "...I have no other so great as that of being truly esteemed by my fellow man, by rendering myself worthy of their esteem." This representation of Lincoln in bronze at the time he served in the state . . . Map (db m42532) HM
40 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Soldiers of the War for Independence Who Lived in Fayette County
Wooten Harris • Henry Ginger John Morrell • Thomas Mahon John Diamond • Isaac Martin Joseph Evans • Benjamin Todd Michael Tedrick • James Virden James S. Carson • Rev. Henry Walker James Cheshier • Thomas Craig Sr. Harris Reavis • . . . Map (db m42536) HM
41 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — The Charters Hotel
The Charters Hotel stood on this very site. It was built around 1820 and operated by John Charters until November 1835. At that time it was acquired by Thomas Redmond who operated the establishment under the name of Sign of the Green Tree. . . . Map (db m144453) HM
42 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Third State Capitol — Erected in 1836
The third capitol building owned by the state was restored as a memorial in 1933. It was the capitol from December 3, 1836 to July 4, 1839. Abraham Lincoln was a member of the House during the three sessions of the legislature held in this . . . Map (db m42346) HM
43 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Unorthodox Romance — 1834 — Looking for Lincoln —
Not all of Lincoln’s time was dedicated to noble causes like opposing slavery and championing internal improvements. In 1833, Mrs. Bennett Abell, a New Salem neighbor of Lincoln, brought her sister Mary Owens to New Salem for an extended visit. . . . Map (db m42521) HM
44 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Vandalia — End of The Road
In 1828 Joseph Shriver surveyed the National Road from Indiana to the Illinois capital at Vandalia. Between the Wabash and Kaskaskia rivers, he found little more than wilderness. By the mid-1830s, the National Road had spawned settlements in . . . Map (db m144226) HM
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45 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Welcome to the National Road Interpretive Center — Vandalia, Illinois
Come inside and live the story of the Historic National Road, the road that built the nation. Just thirty years after declaring independence from the British, the young nation was feeling the growing pains of westward expansion. President Thomas . . . Map (db m144185) HM
46 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — Where Did Lincoln Stay? — 1834 — Looking for Lincoln — Reported missing
As the Illinois State Capital, Vandalia provided many hotels to serve the needs of legislators and visitors. Vandalia had at least eleven hotels that served the needs of travelers. Whenever a session of the legislature was in progress, these . . . Map (db m144134) HM
47 Illinois, Fayette County, Vandalia — William C. Greenup — Aug. 28, 1785 - June 10, 1853
Born in Maryland. Clerk of First General Assembly of Illinois Territory, Kaskaskia 1812. Clerk of House of Representatives and of Legislative Council, 1815. Clerk of Constitutional Convention 1818. Secretary of Senate 1818-20. Chief Surveyor of . . . Map (db m42374) HM
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Jun. 10, 2023