“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Henderson County, Texas

Clickable Map of Henderson County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Henderson County, TX (37) Anderson County, TX (52) Cherokee County, TX (85) Ellis County, TX (102) Freestone County, TX (38) Kaufman County, TX (93) Navarro County, TX (105) Smith County, TX (103) Van Zandt County, TX (44)  HendersonCounty(37) Henderson County (37)  AndersonCounty(52) Anderson County (52)  CherokeeCounty(85) Cherokee County (85)  EllisCounty(102) Ellis County (102)  FreestoneCounty(38) Freestone County (38)  KaufmanCounty(93) Kaufman County (93)  NavarroCounty(105) Navarro County (105)  SmithCounty(103) Smith County (103)  VanZandtCounty(44) Van Zandt County (44)
Athens is the county seat for Henderson County
Adjacent to Henderson County, Texas
      Anderson County (52)  
      Cherokee County (85)  
      Ellis County (102)  
      Freestone County (38)  
      Kaufman County (93)  
      Navarro County (105)  
      Smith County (103)  
      Van Zandt County (44)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 16722 — 1925 Henderson County Jail
As early as 1850, Henderson County officials realized the need for a county jail. The first jail was completed in 1856 or 1857. It became known as the log calaboose. A new jail was built in 1874 facing North Common Street. On November 1, 1897, a . . . Map (db m187047) HM
2 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 9413 — Athens
Founded 1850. Named for Athens, Greece. Supply and military training headquarters during Civil War. Sent army about 1,000 men. Center for manufacturing and agriculture. Home of annual Old Fiddlers' Contest and of Henderson County Junior . . . Map (db m186664) HM
3 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 12860 — Athens Cemetery
After citizens petitioned for its closure, an unofficial burial ground in this area (large lot 13) closed in 1857. That same year, local residents buried prominent planter, Mason and school superintendent William J. Brantley here on one acre donated . . . Map (db m31734) HM
4 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 16460 — Athens Lodge No. 165 A.F. & A.M.
Athens Lodge No. 165 A.F. & A.M., founded in 1854, was the first Masonic lodge to be organized in Henderson County. Henderson County had been created in 1846, and the third county seat, Athens, had been founded in 1850. The group emphasized . . . Map (db m219472) HM
5 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 17506 — Clinton Williams Murchison, Sr.
Clint W. Murchison, Sr. was born April 11, 1895, in Tyler to John W. and Clara (Williams) Murchison. His grandfather, T.F. Murchison, was one of the earliest settlers to arrive in Athens and established the first bank in Henderson County in 1890. . . . Map (db m155140) HM
6 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10350 — Courts Under the Oaks
Henderson County was established in 1846, the year after Texas was annexed by the United States. In 1850, after previous reductions in the county's original size, the present boundaries were set by the Texas Legislature. The restructuring resulted . . . Map (db m186718) HM
7 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10343 — Dulcinea Ann Holland Thompson Avriett(1834-1920)
A native of Athens, Georgia, Dulcinea Ann Holland came to Henderson County with her family in 1847. She married E. J. Thompson in 1851. According to local tradition, she named the town of Athens after her birthplace. Following the death of her . . . Map (db m31717) HM
8 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10352 — Faulk-Gauntt Building
An earlier building at this location housed the law offices of Senator J. J. Faulk and Judge W. L. Faulk. In the early 1890s the site was purchased by J. R. Gauntt, a local businessman. The son of pioneer area settlers, he operated a mercantile . . . Map (db m187050) HM
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9 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 14327 — First Baptist Church of Athens
In 1855, brothers William, Matthias and Steven Madison Richardson arrived in Henderson County from Pickens County, Alabama. The next year, they joined with the families of George D. Manion, W.H. Martin, Ben F. Jordan, Dr. Robert Jordan, Dr. . . . Map (db m219466) HM
10 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 17148 — First National Bank
Thomas Murchison was born in Tennessee and grew up in Marshall, Mississippi before moving with his parents to Houston County, Texas around 1848. Murchison moved to Athens around 1855 and worked in a general store. Around 1858, Murchison began his . . . Map (db m232805) HM
11 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10363 — Henderson County
Formed from Houston and Nacogdoches counties. Created April 27, 1846, Organized August 4, 1846. Named in honor of James Pinckney Henderson 1808-1858 First governor of the State of Texas Buffalo, Centerville and Athens . . . Map (db m186666) HM
12 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10362 — Henderson County C.S.A.Home Town of Texas Confederate
Front: Henderson County C. S. A. Voted 400 – 49 for secession. Sent about 1,000 into Confederate Army, with one detachment of 150 having only 13 live to return. Caldwell's farm, three miles northeast, and Fincastle, 19 miles . . . Map (db m26382) HM
13 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 13831 — Henderson County Courthouse
The Texas Legislature created Henderson County in 1846. For the next few years, county commissioners met at various locations, including private homes and the communities of Buffalo and Centerville. Samuel Huffer later determined the center of the . . . Map (db m186715) HM
14 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10373 — Henderson County Pottery Industry
Prehistoric Caddoan Indians utilized the abundant deposits of rich clays in this region to make their fine pottery vessels. The modern pottery industry in Henderson County began in 1857, when Levi S. Cogburn (1812-1866), one of a . . . Map (db m186709) HM
15 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 18655 — J.B. Henry"The Pea Man"
Introduced in the United States in the early eighteenth century, black-eyed peas, also known as cowpeas, served primarily as animal feed on farms. The hardships of the Civil War, including the scarcity of food in the south, led to increased human . . . Map (db m187049) HM
16 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 17917 — Jess Sweeten
Completing his work as a steel rigger in 1929 employed by Otis Elevator Company on the Texas Power & Light Company in Trinidad, Texas, Jess Sweeten was offered a job as a deputy constable in Henderson County. Bob King was appointed to find a new . . . Map (db m187048) HM
17 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 13285 — John Matthews McDonald
North Carolina-born John Matthews McDonald (1827-1883) came to Texas in 1848 and lived first at Larissa, Cherokee Co. and then Mound Prairie, Anderson Co., where his brother Murdoch earlier settled. Two years later, he moved to the young town of . . . Map (db m31730) HM
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18 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10365 — Joseph Thomas La Rue(Nov. 18, 1864-Feb. 13, 1930)
Alderman on Athens' first city council (1901). La Rue (Town 13 mi. SE) was named for him. Educator, merchant, civic leader, banker, humanitarian, prohibitionist, democrat, historian. Married March 16, 1892, Stella Elvira Parsons. They had . . . Map (db m31726) HM
19 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10357 — Machinery From First Factory in Athens
Established 1882 (at site 1.5 mi. NE) by local planter H. M. Morrison, to make building brick. Total original machinery consisted of this press and plunger. Press was hand-operated. A mule-drawn swivel ran the plunger, mixing clay . . . Map (db m186712) HM
20 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10369 — Owen Cemetery
David Allen Owen came to Texas with his first wife, Mary (Langsdon), who died enroute, and their 5 children. They traveled with family members and others from Randolph County, Alabama to Henderson County, Texas in 1851. Owen served as chief . . . Map (db m155485) HM
21 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10371 — Pilgrim’s Rest Primitive Baptist ChurchNear this spot was located the pioneer
Constituted in Randolph County, Ala. Nov. 23, 1850; opened services here, a Baptist Branch, Jan. 1851, during resting of 150 Pilgrims in covered wagon caravan led by Samuel Tine Owen, a brother, John Bunyan Owen, and brother-in-law, K.K. Knight. . . . Map (db m128109) HM
22 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 18530 — Sid Williams Richardson
Born in Athens on April 25, 1891, Sid Williams Richardson became known as the "Billionaire Bachelor." When he was 16, Sid traveled to Louisiana, to purchase cattle with money he saved. A natural trader and negotiator, Richardson sold the calves . . . Map (db m155141) HM
23 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 12010 — Site of Hawn Lumber Company
As the geographic center of the newly redrawn Henderson county lines, Athens became the county seat in 1850. Charles H. and Lillian (Barksdale) Hawn arrived with a load of lumber on the first train to stop in Athens in 1881. Charles Hawn quickly . . . Map (db m232810) HM
24 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10365 — Stella E. Parsons La Rue(Feb. 16, 1874-Dec. 7, 1949)
Known as first white child born in Terrell; daughter of Confederate army surgeon, Dr. Homer Lee Parsons (M.D., Yale University) and wife, Margaret C. R. R. Parsons. In role of wife and mother "Mammy La Rue" was beloved of family and . . . Map (db m31728) HM
25 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 9414 — The Athens Review
"The Athens Review" was established as a weekly newspaper by J. B. Bishop and George M. Johnson, editors and owners, on Dec. 24, 1885. The earliest newspaper in Henderson County, "The Athens Bulletin," had been founded by printer J. H. Cox and . . . Map (db m31689) HM
26 Texas, Henderson County, Athens — 10376 — William Richardson(Dec. 6, 1805 - May 30, 1864)
Born in South Carolina, William Richadson moved to Pickens County, Alabama in 1830. There he married Mary "Polly" Kilpatrick (1813-1889) on Feb. 13, 1834. Children born to them were John K., James J., Sara F., Margaret C., Martha E., William A., . . . Map (db m37035) HM
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27 Texas, Henderson County, Brownsboro — 10345 — Brownsboro Norwegian Lutheran Cemetery
After migrating from Norway in 1845, Ole Reierson bought the land that included this cemetery site (1.1 mi. ESE). He chose the spot for his burial and carved several of the plain brown gravestones before he died in 1852. The . . . Map (db m31633) HM
28 Texas, Henderson County, Brownsboro — 14885 — Rock Hill Cemetery
Rock Hill Cemetery has served this area since the late 1800s. It is located on land granted to pioneer Alexander J. Clayton, who migrated here from Alabama with his wife, Martha (Carver), and his children in 1854. Clayton, who was born in North . . . Map (db m31618) HM
29 Texas, Henderson County, Brownsboro — 10368 — Site of Old Normandy(One-Half Mile Southeast)
First Norwegian colony in Texas. Founded in 1845 by Johan Reinert Reierson (1810-1864) and Ole Reierson, of Holt, Norway. In "Christianssandsposten", J.R. Reierson urged Norwegians to find "a rich life" by migrating to Texas. His associate . . . Map (db m31634) HM
30 Texas, Henderson County, Chandler — 10349 — Cherokee Exodus from Texas
Driven from Eastern states by white settlers, Cherokee Indians migrated to the East Texas area, becoming established by 1820. In 1822, they unsuccessfully sought title to their land from Mexico. The years following were ones of an . . . Map (db m91604) HM
31 Texas, Henderson County, Chandler — 12952 — John Crane
In 1830, John Crane applied to be a part of Joseph Vehlein's colony. Reportedly from Virginia, he was a veteran of the War of 1812. He moved his wife and seven children to what is now Walker County, Texas, in 1834. There, he organized men and became . . . Map (db m31567) HM
32 Texas, Henderson County, Chandler — The Antioch Rosenwald School
Julius Rosenwald was a Jewish American philanthropist. He believed the most serious problem of the United States was the plight of Black Americans. Dr. Booker T. Washington, though having been a slave, rose to become the nationally respected . . . Map (db m229538) HM
33 Texas, Henderson County, Chandler — 10380 — Yarborough House
Occupied since 1903 by Charles Richard and Nannie Jane Spear Yarborough and 3 generations of descendants. Birthplace in 1903 of United States Senator Ralph Webster Yarborough. In this house Charles R. Yarborough, as Justice of the Peace, performed . . . Map (db m202005) HM
34 Texas, Henderson County, Malakoff — 10356 — First Baptist ChurchOn Walker Street
In 1894, the Reverend Monroe F. Jackson came to Malakoff and founded this congregation. He named it Good Hope Baptist Church. The same year, church trustees Sam Robinson, Monroe Porter, and Governor Wilson acquired land at this site for a church . . . Map (db m61228) HM
35 Texas, Henderson County, Malakoff — 10358 — First United Methodist Churchof Malakoff
Organized in 1852 by the Rev. Hezekiah Mitcham (1800-1865), this fellowship began with six charter members who first held services in various locations throughout the county. In 1854 the small congregation erected one of the first Methodist church . . . Map (db m61226) HM
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36 Texas, Henderson County, Trinidad — 10366 — The Malakoff Man
A sandstone image of a human head - carved by prehistoric men - was found near here in 1929 by workmen of Texas Clay Products Company. It was dug from gravel pit now under Cedar Creek Lake. The carving weighed 98 pounds, was 16 by 14 inches, . . . Map (db m30027) HM
37 Texas, Henderson County, Trinidad — 10379 — The Trinity River
Three main tributaries - the West, Elm, and East forks - feed the Trinity from headwaters in North Texas. Discovery of prehistoric Malakoff Man carved stone heads near this site in the 20th century revealed that humans inhabited the Trinity valley . . . Map (db m30029) HM
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Dec. 7, 2023