“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Nicholas County, West Virginia

Clickable Map of Nicholas County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Nicholas County, WV (44) Braxton County, WV (21) Clay County, WV (11) Fayette County, WV (120) Greenbrier County, WV (72) Kanawha County, WV (187) Webster County, WV (21)  NicholasCounty(44) Nicholas County (44)  BraxtonCounty(21) Braxton County (21)  ClayCounty(11) Clay County (11)  FayetteCounty(120) Fayette County (120)  GreenbrierCounty(72) Greenbrier County (72)  KanawhaCounty(187) Kanawha County (187)  WebsterCounty(21) Webster County (21)
Summersville is the county seat for Nicholas County
Adjacent to Nicholas County, West Virginia
      Braxton County (21)  
      Clay County (11)  
      Fayette County (120)  
      Greenbrier County (72)  
      Kanawha County (187)  
      Webster County (21)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
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1 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Bentree — Clay County / Nicholas County
Clay County. Formed in 1858 from Braxton and Nicholas. Named for the great Kentuckian, Henry Clay who was so popular in western Virginia that in 1820 a monument was erected to him for his part in bringing the National Road to Wheeling. . . . Map (db m137998) HM
2 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Birch River — Nicholas County / Braxton County
Nicholas County. Formed in 1818 from Kanawha, Greenbrier, and Randolph. Named for Wilson C. Nicholas, the governor of Virginia, 1814-1817. In this county in 1861 sharp engagements were fought at Carnifex Ferry and at Kessler's Cross Lanes. . . . Map (db m173356) HM
3 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Birch River — Young's Monument
Off Young's Monument Rd. (.3M) is grave site of Henry & Lucinda Young. A Confed. militiaman or sympathizer, he was killed by Union troops nearby on 8 Sept. 1861. Details of Young's life and death are scant and confused, symbolizing divided . . . Map (db m60368) HM
4 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Camden-on-Gauley — Black's Chapel Memorial Church
1831 - Land made available for a Methodist church. 1867 - Building built on this site as Stroud's Creek Methodist Episcopal Church. Later named for Reverend Samuel Black. 1892 - Church building repaired and enlarged. . . . Map (db m178866) HM
5 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Craigsville — Crupperneck Bend
Scenic view of Gauley River which rises in Pocahontas County at elevation of 4100 feet and flows southwesterly to join New River, forming Great Kanawha. Cranberry, Cherry, Meadow, Williams Rivers are its tributaries.Map (db m179421) HM
6 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Drennen — North and South
At Kessler's Cross Lanes (5 miles east), Aug. 26, 1861 and at Carnifex Ferry (7 miles west) Sept. 10, 186l, battles occurred between Confederates under Gen. J. B. Floyd and Union troops under Col. E. B. Tyler and Gen. W. S. Rosecrans.Map (db m138036) HM
7 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — "Follow Me My Men, Charge!"
The Patterson family kept a large cornfield just north of their house. It was in the cornfield that U.S. Colonel John W. Lowe was struck and killed by rebel gunfire while shouting his final order to the men of the 12th Ohio. His death while . . . Map (db m164998) HM
8 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — A Soldier's Recollection
"We promptly returned the fire, at this time our cannon sent a fearful shot amongst them… Then commenced the fight in earnest. Boom went the cannon of our enemy, the large balls whistling over our heads, our men flat on the ground,… Then came a . . . Map (db m165006) HM
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9 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Artillery Thunder
This knoll is believed to be one of the Northern artillery positions. With possibly as many as seven artillery pieces each, the two armies engaged in a fierce bombardment for several hours. The blasts were heard as far away as Summersville. Although . . . Map (db m146330) HM
10 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Camp Gauley
Used in battle reenactments, these log breastworks stand near the site of the original Confederate entrenchments designated by General Floyd as Camp Gauley. The rebel fortifications consisted of several thousand feet of log breastworks, trenches, . . . Map (db m21188) HM
11 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Carnefix Ferry
The Civil War battle fought here on September 10, 1861 was named by the Union army after a nearby river ferry. Even though it was over a mile downstream, the ferry was the closest well-known landmark. Constructed by William Carnefix in the early . . . Map (db m20845) HM
12 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Carnifex Ferry
Scene of battle, Sept. 10, 1861, between Federal army of Gen. W.S. Rosecrans and Confederate army of Gen. John B. Floyd. Engagement followed defeat of Federals at Cross Lanes, Aug. 26, 1861. State acquired site, Oct. 29, 1935.Map (db m169492) HM
13 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Cross Lanes Battle
Site of surprise attack by the Confederates under General John B. Floyd on the early morning of Aug. 26, 1861 against Federal troops of the 7th Ohio Inf., led by Colonel E.B. Tyler. The Federal soldiers were badly defeated and scattered. They lost . . . Map (db m76621) HM
14 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Friendly Fire
Late in the afternoon, as part of an attempt to make a coordinated attack on the Rebel line, several Federal units under the command of Col. William S. Smith were ordered deep into this ravine known as Pierson Hollow. The plan was called off though . . . Map (db m169490) HM
15 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Henry Patterson House
Built in the 1850's by Mr. Patterson, this house was caught between opposing armies during the Battle of Carnifex Ferry.Map (db m20864) HM
16 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Journey's End
Granville Blevens of Grayson county, Virginia, joined the Confederate Army with his brother, Haywood, and some friends on 5/29/1861 at Wytheville, Virginia. Like many other soldiers, both North and South, Granville died of sickness. He was buried . . . Map (db m164999) HM
17 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Keslers Cross Lanes / First County Court
Keslers Cross Lanes. Here at the crossroads was an area of early settlement and growth. In 1854 Fred Kessler & John Vaughan opened store; Vaughan appointed postmaster. Site of first meeting of Nicholas County Court; significant Civil War . . . Map (db m76618) HM
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18 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Kesslers Cross Lanes"Battle of Knives and Forks"
In 1861, both Union and Confederate forces vied for control of Western Virginia. By July, Union Gen. Jacob D. Cox had driven Confederate Gen. Henry A Wise’s army out of the Kanawha Valley and was advancing east on the James River and Kanawha . . . Map (db m59197) HM
19 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — Old Ferry Road
This sunken pathway is a remnant of the old Carnifex Ferry road. The road was an important travel route before the Civil war and into the early 1900's. Under the cover of darkness, the Confederate army was able to retreat on this narrow trace . . . Map (db m165005) HM
20 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — The Battle of Carnifex Ferry
Seeking to gain a foothold in Western Virginia from which to conduct military operations, Gen. John B. Floyd, C.S.A. with approx. 1,800 troops established Camp Gauley here on the Patterson Farm about one mile from Carnifex Ferry. Gen. William . . . Map (db m20876) HM
21 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Keslers Cross Lanes — The Silent Witness
Most of the lumber used for the rebuilding of this well house came from a large white oak tree that uprooted during a windstorm in 2000. The tree grew near the edge of the woods behind the Patterson House and was determined to be . . . Map (db m165002) HM
22 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Kesslers Cross Lanes — Fight At Ramsey’s Fort
Ramsey’s Fort was a small Union garrison located on a hill west of Kessler’s Cross Lanes during the Civil War that was named for the commander of the local militia, Capt. J.R. Ramsey. A large number of Confederates with Thurmond’s Partisan . . . Map (db m138068) HM
23 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Kesslers Cross Lanes — Zoar Baptist Church
Organized on April 17, 1824 by twelve members from the Hopewell Church in Fayette County at the home of Henry Morris on Peter’s Creek. The first building of frame, constructed in 1840, was destroyed by Union soldiers in 1861. The building was . . . Map (db m138064) HM
24 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Leivasy — Leivasy
The village of Leivasy, formerly known as Meadowvale, was established with post office and general store Oct. 3, 1879. Valentine Leivasy was the first postmaster and merchant. Surnames of early settlers include Bennett, Callison, Davis, . . . Map (db m165008) HM
25 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Leivasy — Miracle at Hominy Falls
On May 6, 1968, the Gauley Coal and Coke Company's Saxsewell No. 8 mine, located along Hominy Creek, flooded when a continuous miner accidentally cut into an abandoned mine full of water. Eli E. Walkup, Renick F. McClung, Claude R. Dodd Jr., and . . . Map (db m201018) HM
26 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Lockwood — Morris Massacre
Scene of massacre, 1792, of daughters of Henry Morris, early settler and son of first permanent settler in Great Kanawha Valley. Graves of Henry Morris and the Indian victims may be seen from the road.Map (db m165010) HM
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27 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Mount Nebo — Hughes Ferry / Bridge
Site of first ferry in Nicholas County to cross Gauley River nearby. Owned first by William McClung; lost in court case to Ed Hughes. Family operated until 1903, when county built bridge for $7,200. Vital transportation link for settlers and . . . Map (db m138101) HM
28 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Mt. Lookout — Hawks Nest Tunnel Disaster Workers Grave Site
While digging Hawks Nest Tunnel in early 1930's, hundreds of the mostly black, migrant workforce contracted acute silicosis from silica dust and later died. Many were buried in secret, unmarked graves to the north. In 1971, the bodies were reburied . . . Map (db m78389) HM
29 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Mt. Lookout — Hawks Nest Workers Memorial and Grave Site
This Memorial honors an estimated 764 tunnel workers who died from mining a 3.8 mile tunnel through Gauley Mountain to divert water from the New River to a hydroelectric plant near Gauley Bridge in 1930-31. The tunnel cut through almost pure silica . . . Map (db m78390) HM
30 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Poe — Bethel United Methodist Church
Oldest church in Nicholas County. Founded by Backus, Walker, Johnson, Linager, Brown, Nutter, dorsey, Simms, Gross & Hamrick families. Served by circuit rider meeting in homes until log church built, 1810. Blacks attended; services alternated . . . Map (db m138060) HM
31 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Honorable War Dead Of Nicholas County
World War I Samuel W. Britton • Andy S. Brown • Clay Roy Brown • A. Jackson Chapman • James Crabtree • Otha Everett Creasy • Ezra E Cruse • James Cicurry • Elliot A. Donelson • George Douglas • Paul Dupuy • Joe Hamilton • . . . Map (db m203934) WM
32 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — In Memory ofDeputy William G. "Billy" Giacomo
Born: August 27, 1972 End of Watch: September 11, 2000 Of the Nicholas County Sheriff's Department, whose life was given in the service of his community, county, and state. His sacrifice was made to ensure that we could live our lives in . . . Map (db m143113)
33 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Last Victims of Indian Treachery in W. Va.
In memory of the Morris Children Betsy 14 Peggy 12 Daughters of Henry Morris Killed on Peters Creek May 1792 last victims of Indian treachery in W.Va. Erected 1916 by the efforts of Geo. H. Alderson in his 72nd. year. Dedicated to the . . . Map (db m203940) HM
34 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Nancy Hart's Capture
Nancy Hart, noted, beautiful Confederate spy, was seized July, 1862, leading attack in which most of Summersville was burned. She killed her guard with his pistol and escaped. She was buried on Manning Knob.Map (db m78393) HM
35 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Nicholas County Bank
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Circa 1907Map (db m143112) HM
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36 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Nicholas County Courthouse
This Property Has Been Placed On The National Register Of Historic Places By The United States Department Of The Interior Nicholas County Courthouse 1898Map (db m203937) HM
37 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Raid on Summersville
In the early morning of July 25, 1862, Confederate cavalry under Maj. Robert Bailey, accompanied by noted spy Nancy Hart, attacked two companies of the 9th WV Infantry stationed at Summersville. Catching the Federals by surprise. Bailey's men met . . . Map (db m173148) HM
38 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Summersville
Summersville was established in 1820 and made the county seat. Nicholas County, which was settled about 1785, was crossed by the Pocahontas Trail which led from the Greenbrier Valley to the valley of the Great Kanawha.Map (db m78392) HM
39 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — Summersville Reservoir
Summersville Reservoir Constructed Under the Supervision of the United States Army Corps of Engineers Huntington District 1960 - 1966 District Engineer: Col. S. Malevich 1959-1962 District Engineer: Col. H. W. . . . Map (db m165258) HM
40 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville — The George C. Bell Post No. 6106 Veterans Memorial
The George C. Bell Post No. 6106 Veterans of Foreign Wars of Summersville, West Virginia Dedicate this memorial to the veterans of all wars who have served their country on foreign soil. May 30, 1962 Charler N. Adkins, Commander • . . . Map (db m203938) WM
41 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville Dam — Flood Control — Summersville Lake —
As the primary purpose of the Summersville Lake Project is flood control, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers continuously monitors rainfall and stream flow conditions. To prevent downstream flooding, the USACE monitors stream gauges in both . . . Map (db m138072) HM
42 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summersville Dam — Running the RiverWhy Howell-Bunger Valves? — Summersville Lake —
1) Only a relatively small force is required to move the valve. 2) Excellent flow regulation over a wide range of discharges can easily be obtained. 3) Ability to oxygenate water, benefiting downstream ecosystems. At the time of . . . Map (db m138069) HM
43 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Summerville — Nancy HartLegendary Spy
The story of Nancy Hart is a blur of fact and legend. Born in Virginia in 1843, she settled with her family first in southwestern Virginia and then in Roane County by the mid-1850s. There, she grew to young adulthood and learned to ride and shoot as . . . Map (db m124928) HM
44 West Virginia, Nicholas County, Zela — Pioneer School
Here on Peter’s Creek, mouth of Whitewater, was a log school with greased paper windows dirt floor and split log seats for Nicholas County students from Bucks Garden to Meadows (Keslers Cross Lanes). Opened 1809, teacher Joseph Pierson.Map (db m138039) HM
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Sep. 25, 2023