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Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway Historical Markers

A driving trail along Maryland''s Eastern Shore highlighting sites associated with the Underground Railroad.
 
Caroline Courthouse-In the Shadow of Justice Marker-Side 2 image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, October 29, 2014
Caroline Courthouse-In the Shadow of Justice Marker-Side 2
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Caroline Courthouse-In the Shadow of JusticeHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Many facets of 19th century rural life focused on a county’s courthouse. Elected officials, lawyers, merchants, and ordinary citizens all had reasons to gather at the Caroline County Courthouse Square. For the enslaved and abolitionists, the square . . . — Map (db m79340) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Choptank River Heritage Center-Steal Away by RiverHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The Choptank River was as entwined with the history of slavery and freedom on the Eastern Shore as any plantation. Slaves arrived by boat for auction and left the dock in the hands of a new owner. At wharves like this, black watermen played an . . . — Map (db m79342) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Moses and the HoundsHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Growing up as a slave near Easton, MD, Moses Viney often heard, “The wild geese come from Canada, where all are free.“ When he was 23 years old, Moses learned he might be sold to a new owner in the Deep South. To avoid this fate, he and . . . — Map (db m79341) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House-Living Their BeliefsHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The Quakers, also known as Friends, who met in this Meeting House not only held strong opinions on the abolition of slavery and women’s rights, but they also acted on those beliefs.

After 1790, the Friends who gathered here refused membership to . . . — Map (db m79354) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — William Still Center-Families Divided & UnitedHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
William Still’s mother Sidney and several of his siblings lived in a cottage on the plantation where they were enslaved. Sidney escaped with her children to join her husband in New Jersey, but she was soon recaptured and returned to Maryland. . . . — Map (db m79313) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Greensboro — Greensboro-Threatened by IdeasHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
More than cargo flowed through commercial towns like Greensboro. Abolitionist ideas and freedom seekers on the move created tension within a society dependent on slavery.

Site of the northern-most bridge over the Choptank River, Greensboro . . . — Map (db m79356) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Harmony — “Sailing Away to Freedom”-Glipin PointHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Glipin’s Point was one of the busiest wharves along the Choptank River in Caroline County where steamboats and sailing vessels transported people, timber, agricultural products, and seafood. It sat just upriver from Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s . . . — Map (db m79311) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Choptank Landing-Escape from Poplar NeckHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
While the Choptank River could pose a troublesome barrier to those without a boat, others used the river as a path to freedom.

Josiah Bailey, an enslaved logger and shipbuilder, rowed six miles up the river. His destination was Poplar Neck, . . . — Map (db m79172) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Escape from Poplar NeckHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Harriet Tubman’s parents, Rit and Ben Ross, moved to Poplar Neck in 1847. Her father worked as a lumber foreman on Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s 2,200 heavily forested acres. Harriet probably made her first escape from this place in 1849, and she . . . — Map (db m79173) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Leverton House-Finding Safe HavenHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Refugees from slavery came here for temporary sanctuary.

Under the cover of darkness, they crept across these fields toward the home of Quaker Jacob and Hannah Leverton. The house, a rare, documented Underground Railroad station, still stands at . . . — Map (db m79303) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Linchester Mill-Living DangerouslyHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Daily life at and around Linchester Mill provided fertile yet dangerous ground for those seeking freedom.

The mill, a general store, post office and homes at this site brought whites and blacks, free and enslaved, into regular contact. Freedom . . . — Map (db m79299) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Mt. Pleasant Cemetery-Dangerous RendezvousHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
After Quakers sold their meetinghouse to the local black community in 1849, the new owners established Mt. Pleasant Methodist Episcopal Church. The original church building has since burned, but the modern day congregation still uses the . . . — Map (db m79178) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Webb Cabin-Living FreeHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Common in the mid-19th century, this cabin is a rare survivor today. James H. and Mary Ann Webb built this one-room house in the 1850s, using materials found in the surrounding landscape. Hand-hewn log walls rest on a foundation of ballast stones . . . — Map (db m79305) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Ridgely — Adkins Arboretum-Slavery ArboretumHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The forests and waterways of the Eastern Shore, traditional land of the Choptank and Nanticoke Indians, provided the backup for the austere home life, backbreaking labor, and dramatic escapes of enslaved blacks.

Hundreds of acres of white oak, . . . — Map (db m79355) HM

Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge-Taking Refuge from SlaveryHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
It is no accident that for years more fugitives escaped from slavery in Maryland than any other state—the 1850 census recorded 259 runaways. Location played a critical role in these escapes. Networks of black and white abolitionists helped . . . — Map (db m78815) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Born To Be FreeSlavery — 1820
Harriet Tubman, known as "Minty", was born to Rittia 'Rit' Green Ross, her mother, and Benjamin 'Ben' Ross, her father. Ben and Rit Ross were both enslaved (but to different owners) at the time of Harriet's birth. The number of Harriet Tubman's . . . — Map (db m109922) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Finding Freedom
The Call of Freedom Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the . . . — Map (db m3964) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Harriet Tubman Memorial GardenCelebrating an Icon — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The local community, joined by others across the nation, honors its native daughter, Harriet Ross Tubman. Her memory endures through artistic expression in works of literature, music, sculpture, paint, photography, performance, and . . . — Map (db m109915) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Joe Bailey Shakes the Lion's PawUnderground Railroad — 1849 - 1858
Harriet Tubman led many slaves from Dorchester County to Canada (via the suspension bridge at Niagara Falls). One trip with "fugitive slaves" occurred in November 1856, when Tubman conducted Josia (Joe) Bailey, William Bailey, Peter Pennington and . . . — Map (db m109913) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Long Wharf-The RiverHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
As a deep-water tributary of the Chesapeake Bay, the Choptank River was a commercial artery of the Eastern Shore since colonial times. Cargoes of timber, tobacco, and farm harvests were hoisted by dockworkers to waiting ships.

During the early . . . — Map (db m78737) HM

Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Stanley Institute-Racing to FreedomHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
In October 1857, ten years before Stanley Institute was established two large groups of enslaved families successfully fled this area.

Caroline and Daniel Stanley and their six children escaped with Nat and Lizzie Amby and six others. Two weeks . . . — Map (db m78719) HM

Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Station Stops: The Underground RailroadUnderground Railroad — 1849 - 1858
William Still Samuel Green Thomas Garret Thomas Garret (1789-1871) of Wilmington, Delaware. He guided over 2,000 slaves on their way to freedom. William Still's Account of the Cambridge "Runaways" of October, 1857 . . . — Map (db m109920) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, one of over 560 national wildlife refuges, provides critical habitats for native plants and wildlife. The 17 acres that for the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park are surrounded by the . . . — Map (db m109911) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Explore the scenic byway, follow the path to freedom and discover Harriet Tubman's rich history. Experience extraordinary stories of courage along the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway. With unspoiled landscapes virtually unchanged . . . — Map (db m109910) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center
Discover the extraordinary life and legacy of Harriet Tubman in the landscape of her childhood and early adult life. Harriet Ross Tubman, an American legendary human rights advocate and suffragist, was born in enslaved in Dorchester . . . — Map (db m109909) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), East New Market — Faith Community UMC Church-Living a Double LifeHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
During the 1840s and 1850s, the locals knew Reverend Samuel Green as a literate, highly respected Methodist Episcopal preacher and community leader. His church once stood here on land donated in 1843 by free woman Sarah Young. While the building no . . . — Map (db m79150) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Madison — Madison-Preparing for FreedomHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Harriet Tubman spent her formative years in and around Madison, once called Tobaccostick. As a young woman, she worked for Joseph Stewart in his home and fields, until she joined her father Ben Ross in Stewart’s lumber harvesting operation. Tubman . . . — Map (db m78762) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Madison — Malone's Church-Ties that BindHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Harriet Tubman was born nearby on Harrisville Road at the Anthony Thompson plantation around 1822, where Thompson enslaved her father, Ben Ross, and about 40 other people. While Tubman’s roots began near here, she moved to Bucktown during her early . . . — Map (db m78765) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Taylors Island — New Revived Church-Family & Faith ConnectionsHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Founded in 1876 as Jefferson Methodist Episcopal Church, New Revived United Methodist Church was one of five African American congregations established in this vicinity between 1864 and 1880. These churches were rooted in faith communities that had . . . — Map (db m78782) HM

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