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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fairfax

 
Clickable Map of Marin County, California and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Marin County, CA (140) Contra Costa County, CA (380) San Francisco County, CA (480) Solano County, CA (95) Sonoma County, CA (124)  MarinCounty(140) Marin County (140)  ContraCostaCounty(380) Contra Costa County (380)  SanFranciscoCityandCounty(480) San Francisco City and County (480)  SolanoCounty(95) Solano County (95)  SonomaCounty(124) Sonoma County (124)
Location of Fairfax, California
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1California (Marin County), Fairfax — 679 — Site of Birds Nest Glen
The home of "Lord" Charlie Snowden Fairfax, pioneer and political leader of the 1850's, served California as an assemblyman (1853), Speaker of the Assembly (1854), and Clerk of the State Supreme Court (1856). Fairfax, a descendent of Scottish barons . . . Map (db m143401) HM
2Delaware (New Castle County), Fairfax — NC-6 — Gunning Bedford, Jr.
1747-1812. Member of Continental Congress and of Annapolis Convention. A framer of United States Constitution, which Delaware was first to ratify. Appointed First District Judge of Delaware by President Washington. Purchased this property 1793 as . . . Map (db m14706) HM
3Delaware (New Castle County), Fairfax — NC-197 — Lombardy Hall
In 1682, William Penn granted 986 acres of land at this location to Valentine Hollingsworth. A portion of the tract was subsequently conveyed to the Robinson family in 1726. The present stone dwelling was erected here circa 1750. In 1785, Gunning . . . Map (db m92148) HM
4Delaware (New Castle County), Fairfax — The Blue Ball BarnConnecting the Past with the Future
This former dairy barn has been transformed. Today it is a visitor and conference center available for meetings, weddings and the special events. The Blue Ball Barn is home to the Delaware Folk Art Collection, as well as an historical . . . Map (db m153962) HM
5Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A Doctor's Life
The Post's surgeon lived here. In addition to treating the sick and injured, the post surgeon was himself a commissioned officer, in charge of enforcing proper sanitary measures. The regular inspection of living quarters, the water supply, . . . Map (db m71677) HM
6Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A Far Cry from Glory
Most officers in the regular army during the 1850s were professional soldiers with combat experience. Most had fought in the Mexican-American War (1846-47), and three quarters were West Point graduates. To those who had seen action in Mexico, . . . Map (db m71768) HM
7Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A Minority in Their Homeland / U.S.-Dakota Conflict
A Minority in Their Homeland For generations, the land stretching out around you was the homeland of the Dakota Indians. Through treaties in 1851, the Dakota sold all of their land in southern Minnesota. The treaties disregarded Dakota . . . Map (db m71126) HM
8Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A New Deal for Fort Ridgely State ParkThe New Deal and Fort Ridgely State Park — United States Civilian Conservation Corps —
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Creates the CCC During the early 1930s close to 40% of America's youth (16 to 24 years old) were unemployed and not in school. Twenty-five percent of adult men were unemployed. Out of this great economic . . . Map (db m71893) HM
9Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Attack from the Northeast
You are standing where cannon fire stopped the Dakota assault on August 20, 1862. According to Tasina Wakanhdi (Lightning Blanket), who was involved in both attacks on the Fort, the warriors who made the first attack on Fort Ridgely were men from . . . Map (db m71702) HM
10Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Bakehouse
Large wood-burning ovens emitted so much heat that they were housed in a special structure on this site, remote from the other fort buildings. Minnesota Historical Society Fort RidgelyMap (db m72596) HM
11Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Camp Women
In 1860, there were 39 women here at the fort. Most were the wives and daughters of officers and enlisted men. Others were governesses, servants, and cooks hired by officers. Civilian women like Wilhemina Randall, the wife of the post sutler, . . . Map (db m72751) HM
12Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 1 — Captain John S. Marsh State Monument
Erected by the State of Minnesota 1873 Built by Sullivan & Terry, Mankato. In memory of Capt. John S. Marsh • First Serg't Russell H. Findley • Serg't Solon A. Trescott • Corp'l Joseph S. Besse • Private Charles R. . . . Map (db m70679) WM
13Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — CCC Camp Life is a Healthful OneThe New Deal and Fort Ridgely State Park — United States Civilian Conservation Corps —
"Life in a CCC camp is a different kind of life than most boys have known. An enrollee, as a CCC man is called, does not have his own private room. There is no one to pamper him. He lives with 200 other men of . . . Map (db m71888) HM
14Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 16 — Chief Mou-Zoo-Mau-Nee State Monument
Erected by the State of Minnesota in recognition of, and to commemorate the loyal and efficient services rendered to the State by Chief Mou-Zoo-Mau-Nee and the Chippewa Indians during the Sioux out-break and the civil war.Map (db m70730) WM
15Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Economic Engine
With hundreds of men and some 175 horses, the garrison had a gargantuan appetite for wood, hay, grain, corn, and beef. Unable to meet the requirements of the post through any direct federal supply system, the War Department issued contracts to . . . Map (db m71497) HM
16Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 2 — Eliza Müller State Monument
The State of Minnesota to the Memory of Mrs Eliza Müller 1877 Her valor and her devotion to the care of the sick and wounded soldiers and refugees during and after the Sioux Indian outbreak of 1862 will forever be . . . Map (db m70713) HM
17Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Five Days and Nights on the River
Elden Lawrence writes about a daring rescue led by his great-grandfather, Lorenzo Lawrence: The Dakota were divided about whether to go to war with the whites. After attempts to avert the fighting proved futile, many Dakota decided to . . . Map (db m72934) HM
18Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Fort Ridgely
Fort Ridgely both contradicts and fits the popular culture stereotype of a frontier fort. Following its 1855 completion, the Fort’s primary role was to assist the federal government with an orderly transition of land ownership from American Indians . . . Map (db m70107) HM
19Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Fort Ridgely Closes
As the frontier moved westward, Fort Ridgely's importance declined. Troops were withdrawn on May 22, 1867, but the buildings and land remained the property of the federal government. Settlers pillaged the fort, carting off stone, wood, and other . . . Map (db m73002) HM
20Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 8 — Fort Ridgely State Monument
In memory of the fallen; in recognition of the living; and for the emulation of future generations.     Erected A.D. 1896, by the State of Minnesota, to preserve the site of Fort Ridgely, a United States military post established in . . . Map (db m70741) HM WM
21Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Fort Ridgely State Park's Buildings TodayThe New Deal and Fort Ridgely State Park — United States Civilian Conservation Corps —
The legacy of the hard work by the young men of the CCC and veterans of the VCC during the five years the camp was here lives on in the structures we still use and enjoy today. "The CCC has . . . Map (db m71918) HM
22Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Four Days From Fort Snelling
The steamer West Newton left St. Paul on April 26, 1853, transporting the first soldiers to the site of the new post. It took four days to get from Fort Snelling to Fort Ridgely. John P. Owens, passenger and editor of The . . . Map (db m71504) HM
23Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Garrison Life Was Like Clockwork
The army believed that routine promoted discipline. Soldiers were on duty six days a week from daybreak to dusk. Garrison life consisted of roll calls, inspections, parades, guard duty, weapons training, drills, and daily chores called fatigues. . . . Map (db m71993) HM
24Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Joseph LaFramboise -Interpreter to the Sioux
1826   Licensed U.S. fur buyer with H. H. Sibley. 1834   Owned Little Rock Trading Post on the Minnesota River. 1837   Interpreter for Indian Treaty at Fort Snelling and Washington D.C. 1838-39   Guide for Jean N. Nicollet, U.S. Gov’t . . . Map (db m70653) HM
25Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Log Buildings
Five log buildings stood in a row behind the barracks. They were among the earliest structures erected at the post to serve as officers' homes until regular quarters were completed. Archaeological excavations indicate that the building in the . . . Map (db m72801) HM
26Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Latrines
In 1972 Minnesota Historical Society archaeologists excavated a row of latrines that stood behind the officers' quarters, in order to retrieve household articles disposed of during the post's active years. This excavation revealed that the . . . Map (db m72670) HM
27Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Quarters—A
The frame structure that stood here probably housed two officers and their families, much as a duplex would today. A central hall divided the building, and each half contained living, sleeping, and cooking areas. Minnesota Historical . . . Map (db m71980) HM
28Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Quarters—B
At first glance, this foundation of Officers' Quarters B appears identical to that of Officers' Quarters A. A closer look, however, reveals that this building was somewhat larger. Sketches of the two structures indicate they also had different . . . Map (db m71854) HM
29Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Quarters—C
This building was identical to Officers' Quarters B and was one of several Fort Ridgely structures excavated by G. Hubert Smith in the mid-1930s. Assisted by unemployed World War I veterans from the Works Progress Administration, Smith not only . . . Map (db m71625) HM
30Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Powder Magazines
This original log powder magazine, and another one similar to it, stood across the road in front of you when Fort Ridgely was an active military post. These buildings were used for storing ammunition and unused weapons. During the 1862 battles, a . . . Map (db m71726) HM
31Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Reinforcements Arrive
Soldiers and civilian refugees peered anxiously in this direction, fearing another attack and praying for help. The garrison had dug entrenchments and built an earthen wall south of the fort. Barricades on all sides had been strengthened. During . . . Map (db m71599) HM
32Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Stone Barracks
The immense stone barracks was the most impressive building at Fort Ridgely. Measuring 235 feet by 40 feet and two stories high, it could house as many as 400 enlisted men. Its two-foot-thick walls were made of rectangular granite blocks set in . . . Map (db m72209) HM
33Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Surgeon's Quarters—Headquarters
Fort Ridgely's commandant and its surgeon lived with their families in the structure on this site. A central hallway divided the quarters into two separate living units. The building was destroyed by fire in 1865. Minnesota Historical . . . Map (db m71667) HM
34Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Surprise Attack at Redwood Ferry
On the morning of August 18, 1862, Captain John Marsh, 46 soldiers, and interpreter Peter Quinn left the fort to respond to news of violence at Lower Sioux Agency. After an 11-mile march, the soldiers prepared to cross the Minnesota River at the . . . Map (db m71633) HM
35Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — This Fort Had a Purpose
Fort Ridgely served as a buffer between Dakota Indians on the reservations and white settlers pouring into the Minnesota River valley. Soldiers stationed here enforced treaty agreements and protected the Dakota from intrusions onto their . . . Map (db m71197) HM
36Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — To the Memory of Hazen Mooers
Arrived in 1816 Becoming the First White Settler of This Community Donated & Erected by B. J. Krahn 1940 Hazen Mooers one of the pioneers of the fur trade with the Sioux, came to the no. west in 1816 conducted a trading post at Big Stone . . . Map (db m70664) HM
37Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Who Lived in the Barracks?
Most soldiers at Fort Ridgely were low-ranking enlisted men, and before 1861 most of these were foreign-born. Out of 166 enlisted men in the 1860 census, 70 were from Ireland, 34 from Germany, ten from Great Britain, and 33 from the United . . . Map (db m72429) HM
38Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Working Year-Round to Develop the ParkThe New Deal and Fort Ridgely State Park — United States Civilian Conservation Corps —
Although Fort Ridgely had been a state park since 1911, little development for recreation had occurred. Under the direction of the Department of Interior, the National Park Service (NPS) planned, designed, and supervised the . . . Map (db m71881) HM
39Minnesota (Renville County), Fairfax — A Second Wave of Attacks
The Dakota plan of attack on August 22 was the same as on the 20th—a volley of three shots from the north, followed by a rush of warriors from the east, south, and west. The plan was disrupted again when a mail carrier was spotted on the . . . Map (db m71646) HM
40Minnesota (Renville County), Fairfax — Veterans Memorial
A Tribute to All Who Have Served Us in War and Peace Making Us Proud to Be Americans US Veterans of Foreign Wars Post #8459 US American Legion Post #205 For God and CountryMap (db m78637) WM
41Missouri (Atchison County), Fairfax — Veterans Memorial
To Our Veterans They Shall Have a Noble MemoryMap (db m47490) WM
42South Carolina (Allendale County), Fairfax — Allendale County War Memorial
In Memory Of War Dead Of Allendale County Dedicated June 1954 to the memory of brave men, who died that their country might liveMap (db m16900) HM
43South Carolina (Allendale County), Fairfax — 3-4 — Bethlehem Church
This Baptist Church, organized by 1854, built its first house of worship near here on land purchased in 1859 from A.R. Stokes. The congregation obtained the land for its present location in 1910 from G.D. Sanders and completed by 1914. In 1944 the . . . Map (db m9960) HM
44South Carolina (Allendale County), Fairfax — 3-11 — Fairfax
[front text] Fairfax, chartered in 1893 and incorporated in 1896, grew out of an early community centered around Owens' Crossroads, where a store was established in 1814, and later including Bethlehem Baptist Church ( now First . . . Map (db m7082) HM
45South Carolina (Allendale County), Fairfax — 3-8 — Harmony Baptist Church
This church had its origins in a brush arbor as early as 1830 but was formally organized in 1878 with Rev. H. C. Smart as its first pastor and W. H. Cone and R. H. Mixon as its first deacons. Named Harmony Baptist Church by charter member Sarah . . . Map (db m25859) HM
46Virginia, Fairfax — Arlington-Fairfax Electric Railway
The Arlington-Fairfax Line connected Fairfax with Washington D.C. from 1904-1939 and briefly terminated near this location until 1908 when it was extended to the courthouse after the original station was destroyed by fire. The new stop . . . Map (db m76716) HM
47Virginia, Fairfax — B-261 — Birthplace of the Confederate Battle Flag
During the First Battle of Manassas, amid the smoke of combat, troops found it difficult to distinguish between Union and Confederate flags. Generals P.G.T. Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston and Quartermaster General William L. Cabell met near here in . . . Map (db m101514) HM
48Virginia, Fairfax — Blenheim (Willcoxon Farm)Civil War Soldier Art
Blenheim, built for Albert and Mary Willcoxon about 1859, contains some of the nation’s best-preserved Civil War soldier writings. More than 110 identified Union soldiers, representing units from New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, West . . . Map (db m21077) HM
49Virginia, Fairfax — Blenheim HouseHistoric Blenheim
“... a brick building recently erected and fitted up in handsome style...”Richmand Daily Dispatch, August 9, 1861 In 1855, fire consumed an earlier house on this site. Owner Albert Willcoxon had no insurance; so upon finishing . . . Map (db m28608) HM
50Virginia, Fairfax — Dairy Barn ComplexHistoric Blenheim
“The outlook for agriculture in Fairfax is dismal.”County Agent R.B. Davis, Jr., 1946 Why was Davis so pessimistic? As he wrote, Blenheim owner Marguerite “Daisy” Duras’s diary cows were setting production records. . . . Map (db m25842) HM
51Virginia, Fairfax — Dr. William Gunnell HouseBuilt c.1835 — Old Town Fairfax —
It was in this house that Ranger John Mosby captured the Union area commander Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, in bed, the night of March 9, 1863.Map (db m6233) HM
52Virginia, Fairfax — Draper HouseBuilt c.1820 — Old Town Fairfax —
Built by Dr. Samuel Draper, this house probably served as his office and examining rooms. Many of the buildings adjoining the house were constructed as out-buildings.Map (db m6298) HM
53Virginia, Fairfax — Draper House1821
Built by Dr. Simeon and Catherine (Wilkinson) Draper on a lot leased from town founder Richard Ratcliffe, this is the second oldest home still standing in the Old Town Fairfax Historic District. Catherine's sister was Matilda Wilkinson, the . . . Map (db m8226) HM
54Virginia, Fairfax — Efe Quality HouseBuilt 1930 — Old Town Fairfax —
The home was built on top of the Manassas Gap Railway right-of-way which was the railway started before the Civil War. This railway construction was disbanded during the Civil War. The house was renovated in 1992 by Dr. Johnson A. Edosomwan.Map (db m6296) HM
55Virginia, Fairfax — FairfaxSpies, Mosby and Marr
On June 1. 1861, the first major skirmish of the Civil War occurred on the main street of Fairfax Court House. In the pre-dawn hours 50 men of Co. B, Second U.S. Cavalry, led by Lt. Charles H. Tomkins, rode into town firing their weapons. As Capt. . . . Map (db m626) HM
56Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax County CourthouseWar on the Courthouse Grounds
At different times, Union and Confederate forces occupied the Fairfax County Courthouse at this important crossroads. The flag of each side flew from its cupola during the war, and the building suffered damage. On April 25, 1861, the Fairfax . . . Map (db m43134) HM
57Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Hay & Grain StoreBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
This vernacular, commercial building is a typical example of construction at the turn of the century.Map (db m6286) HM
58Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Herald & Print ShopBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
The Fairfax Herald was established in 1882 by Capt. S. R. Donohoe, who, in 1904 moved it to this small, one-story frame structure. The Herald remained in operation until 1966.Map (db m129153) HM
59Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Rosenwald School
The Fairfax Rosenwald School or “Fairfax Colored School” was constructed in 1925–26 on this site. It replaced an earlier African-American school on Main Street east of the Fairfax Cemetery. In 1917, Julius Rosenwald, president of . . . Map (db m29482) HM
60Virginia, Fairfax — B-262 — First Confederate Officer Killed
In the early morning hours of 1 June 1861, a detachment of Co. B, Second Cavalry, entered the Town of Fairfax Court House and engaged the Warrenton Rifles in the first land conflict of organized military units in the Civil War. The skirmish resulted . . . Map (db m21451) HM
61Virginia, Fairfax — Ford BuildingBuilt c. 1835 — Old Town Fairfax —
This was the home of Antonia Ford, imprisoned as a spy following Ranger Mosby's night capture of the local Union commander, Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, March 9, 1863. A search of the house had revealed an honorary aide-de-camp commission to . . . Map (db m6366) HM
62Virginia, Fairfax — Gen. Corcoran
General Michael Corcoran died at the W. P. Gunnell House near here on 22 Dec. 1863 after being thrown from a runaway horse on Ox Road, a quarter mile to the south. Corcoran headed all area Washington Defense Department forces at the time. Corcoran . . . Map (db m76725) HM
63Virginia, Fairfax — Historic Blenheim
A family farm, a Civil War encampment site, and a country home, Historic Blenheim now welcomes visitors to explore its landscape and many stories. Over 200 years ago, family patriarch Rezin Willcoxon moved here from Prince Georges County, . . . Map (db m24662) HM
64Virginia, Fairfax — Historic Fairfax Elementary SchoolBuilt 1873 — Old Town Fairfax —
This is the oldest, two-story, brick public school house in Fairfax County. Bricks were made from a clay pit on the Farr property across Main St. The original portion of this structure, the rear, was built for then considered exorbitant cost of . . . Map (db m6303) HM
65Virginia, Fairfax — Joshua Gunnell HouseBuilt c.1830 — Old Town Fairfax —
The first skirmish of the Civil War occurred on Main Street June 1, 1861. Ex-Governor, "Extra Billy" Smith, a civilian, ran from this house to take charge of the Warrenton Rifles. Their commanding officer, Capt. John Quincy Marr, had been killed, . . . Map (db m6258) HM
66Virginia, Fairfax — Manassas Gap Railroad
Cuts and fills of the Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad are visible along this line and at various places through Fairfax County to Sudley Ford on Bull Run. Running north of the Little River Turnpike from Annandale and along North Street . . . Map (db m132720) HM
67Virginia, Fairfax — Moore HouseBuilt c.1840 — Old Town Fairfax —
During his March 1863 raid, Ranger John S. Mosby searched here, with no success, for the Union mercenary Col. Percy Wyndham who had called Mosby a horse thief. Mosby had replied that the only horses he had ever stolen had Union troopers on their . . . Map (db m168981) HM
68Virginia, Fairfax — Mosby
Here on the night of March 8th, 1863, Col. John Singleton Mosby with 29 Confederate soldiers penetrated the Union lines of 3000 men and captured in the brick dwelling north of this spot Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton, U.S.A., with 100 prisoners . . . Map (db m6246) HM
69Virginia, Fairfax — B-26 — Mosby’s Midnight Raid
Col. John Singleton Mosby formed the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry “to weaken the armies invading Virginia by harassing their rear.” Near midnight on 8 March 1863, he led his horsemen undetected through Union lines to disrupt . . . Map (db m5086) HM
70Virginia, Fairfax — Nickell's HardwareBuilt 1895 — Old Town Fairfax —
An example of venacular commercial architecture, a popular construction type at the turn of the century.Map (db m6278) HM
71Virginia, Fairfax — Old Baptismal Area
Local residents recall the period through the 1930s when Mount Calvary Baptist Church regularly conducted baptismal services in the Accotink Branch, in the pool formed at its confluence with the Tussico. White-robed candidates were immersed by the . . . Map (db m5593) HM
72Virginia, Fairfax — Old Fairfax High School
This building opened in 1935 as the first 4-year "Fairfax High School," becoming the largest consolidated high school in the county as the Oakton and Clifton High Schools were closed. It closed in 1972 when the new school opened on Old Lee Highway. . . . Map (db m115864) HM
73Virginia, Fairfax — Old Fairfax JailBuilt in late 19th Century — Old Town Fairfax —
The original “gaol” (1802) burned down in 1884. The Alexandria jail was used until this building was completed. The last jailer, Mr. William F. Lowe, and his family lived in the front quarters of this building until 1954. The structure . . . Map (db m6256) HM
74Virginia, Fairfax — Old Town HallBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
Joseph E. Willard, who served as lieutenant governor of Virginia and minister to Spain, built Old Town Hall and gave it to the town in 1900. He was said to have been the most influential political figure in Fairfax County at the turn of the century. . . . Map (db m6361) HM
75Virginia, Fairfax — Peyton Anderson
Peyton Anderson of the Rappahannock Cavalry was severely wounded on picket duty 122 ft. N.W. of this spot May 27, 1861. The first soldier of the South to shed his blood for the Confederacy.Map (db m129267) HM
76Virginia, Fairfax — Pozer GardenOld Town Fairfax
Pozer Garden honors Kitty Barrett Pozer, who owned the adjacent historic Ratcliffe-Allison House from 1927 until she bequeathed it to the City at her death in 1981. Mrs. Pozer had a lifelong interest in horticulture and was the Washington Post's . . . Map (db m129149) HM
77Virginia, Fairfax — Ralston's StoreBuilt 1895 — Old Town Fairfax —
This vernacular, commercial building is a typical example of construction at the turn of the century.Map (db m6295) HM
78Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe Cemetery
Richard Ratcliffe (1752–1825) and wife Locian (1760–1826) are believed to be buried in this family cemetery along with their sons John, Samuel, Robert and Charles, and members of their respective families. Most tombstones found today are . . . Map (db m76715) HM
79Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe-Allison House (Earp’s)Built 1812 — Old Town Fairfax —
This is the oldest house in the City of Fairfax and the first city-owned building to be placed on the National Register of Historic Places (1973). The oldest section of the house, the eastern portion, was built by Richard Ratcliffe around 1812 to . . . Map (db m6261) HM
80Virginia, Fairfax — Richard Ratcliffe’s Mount Vineyard Plantation
On the knoll 70 yards NE of this marker, stood the home of Richard Ratcliffe (1751-1825). The mansion was on his 600-acre "Mount Vineyard," part of a 1714 land grant of 1,930 acres to George Mason II. In 1798 Ratcliffe donated 4 acres to the east of . . . Map (db m101513) HM
81Virginia, Fairfax — The Legato SchoolOriginally built 1876-1877
Moved to its present site as part of the Fairfax County Public School Centennial in 1971Map (db m129154) HM
82Virginia, Fairfax — The Sauls HouseBuilt 1892
This charming 1892 Queen Anne Victorian House was the residence of Mary C. (Litchfield) Sauls from 1892 to 1920. After Mary's death, Mary's son, Hugh Grafton Sauls (1876-1948) and his wife Clara May (Ferguson) Sauls (1875-1972) continued to occupy . . . Map (db m129150) HM
83Virginia, Fairfax — Victorian Square AdditionBuilt 1986
Victorian Square Addition was completed in 1986 by the Lewis Family Associates adding additional retail shops and professional offices to 10389 Main Street.Map (db m129151) HM
84Virginia, Fairfax — Whiteheads Mercantile & Post OfficeBuilt 1895
Whiteheads Mercantile & Post Office served as the grocery store and post office for the Town of Fairfax from 1895 to 1902. It was then purchased by Hugh Grafton Sauls and his brother Charles William Sauls and became Sauls Brothers Grocery from 1903 . . . Map (db m129152) HM
85Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — A Tribute to The Men of Fairfax County
Who died in the spirit of Loyalty Served their country in 1917 - The World War - 1918 ————— Died in Service Thomas L. Brady, James F. Carper, Clarence M. Dawson, William I. Deardorff, Howard Derr, Percy J. . . . Map (db m75471) WM
86Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Battle of ChantillyOx Hill
On September 1, 1862, Confederate forces under the command of Major General Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson moved across and to the southwestern edge of this site to engage Union forces determined to prevent a glancing movement on demoralized Union . . . Map (db m110) HM
87Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — B-13 — Battle of Ox Hill(Chantilly)
Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's wing of the Army of Northern Virginia reached here 1 Sept. 1862. Jackson's march from the battlefield of Second Manassas turned the position of Maj. Gen. John Pope's army at Centreville and threatened the . . . Map (db m115) HM
88Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — C-19 — Bull Run Battlefields
Ten miles west were fought the two Battles of Manassas or Bull Run.Map (db m619) HM
89Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — BW-2 — Burke’s Station Raid
Burke’s Station, four miles south, was raided by Stuart’s cavalry, December, 1862. Stuart telegraphed to Washington complaining of the bad quality of the mules he had captured—a famous joke.Map (db m618) HM
90Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — David R. Pinn Community Center
After the Civil War, a small community of African Americans lived on Route 654, now known as Zion Drive. The Wrights, Hamiltons, Whites, and Pinns were farmers and laborers. In 1904, David R. & Sarah F. Pinn donated an acre of land to build Little . . . Map (db m57234) HM
91Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Fairfax Court HouseBuilt in 1800
This building, designed by James Wren, served as the first permanent courthouse of Fairfax County.Map (db m621) HM
92Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Fairfax Court HouseBuilt 1800 — Old Town Fairfax —
This building is on the National Register of Historic Places. George and Martha Washington’s wills were recorded here and still remain in this complex. Confederate President Jefferson Davis reviewed strategy in the tavern across the street with his . . . Map (db m6259) HM
93Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — E-98 — Fairfax Nike Missile Site
During the Cold War a ring of Nike anti-aircraft missile sites defended the nation’s capital, reminiscent of the perimeter of forts that protected it during the Civil War. Just east of here was located the launch control equipment for one of the . . . Map (db m2093) HM
94Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Manassas Gap RailroadIndependent Line
The Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad ran through this area. Conceived to extend the Manassas Gap Railroad to Alexandria, grading on this part of the line began in September 1854. Financial problems stopped the work in May 1857. In . . . Map (db m528) HM
95Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — B-29 — Maryland (Antietam / Sharpsburg) Campaign
Following the Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly) on 1 Sept. 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee pondered his options and strategy. Encouraged by Confederate victories and Federal disorganization, Lee acted quickly to continue the offensive. On 3 Sept., Lee's Army . . . Map (db m111) HM
96Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Monument to John Q. Marr
This stone marks the scene of the opening conflict of the war of 1861–1865, when John Q. Marr, Captain of the Warrenton Rifles, who was the first soldier killed in action, fell 800 ft. S. 46 W. Mag. of this spot, June 1st, 1861.Map (db m620) HM
97Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Reid-Ballard HouseOnce a Prominent Landmark — Ox Hill (Chantilly) Battlefield —
The historic Reid-Ballard House once stood 140 yards west-northwest of this marker. The original log structure was built by Joseph Reid before the Revolution on land inherited by his wife, Barbara Walker Reid. The house and land passed to succeeding . . . Map (db m3216) HM
98Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Death of Generals Stevens and Kearny — Second Manassas Campaign —
The Battle of Ox Hill (or Chantilly) was fought here, in rain and storm, on September 1, 1862. It was a bloody aftermath following the Second Battle of Manassas (August 28-30) where the Union Army under Gen. John Pope was defeated and driven across . . . Map (db m116) HM
99Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Attack and Death of General Stevens
Acting to protect Pope’s line of retreat along the Warrenton Turnpike, Brigadier General Isaac Stevens, commanding the 1st Division, IX Corps, seized the initiative and ordered an attack. With storm clouds threatening and artillery fire booming . . . Map (db m15160) HM
100Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Battle of “Chantilly” (Ox Hill) — Then & Now
This early 20th-century photograph of the “Chantilly” battlefield was published by Fairfax County in 1907. The photo was taken from a vantage point a short distance ahead and to the right, beyond the park. It shows the pasture of the . . . Map (db m15162) HM

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May. 6, 2021