“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Vienna, Virginia

Clickable Map of Fairfax County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fairfax County, VA (709) Alexandria Ind. City, VA (355) Arlington County, VA (455) Fairfax Ind. City, VA (48) Falls Church Ind. City, VA (137) Loudoun County, VA (335) Prince William County, VA (652) Washington, DC (2450) Charles County, MD (150) Montgomery County, MD (714) Prince George s County, MD (624)  FairfaxCounty(709) Fairfax County (709)  (355) Alexandria (355)  ArlingtonCounty(455) Arlington County (455)  (48) Fairfax (48)  (137) Falls Church (137)  LoudounCounty(335) Loudoun County (335)  PrinceWilliamCounty(652) Prince William County (652)   D.C.(2450) Washington (2450)  CharlesCountyMaryland(150) Charles County (150)  MontgomeryCounty(714) Montgomery County (714)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(624) Prince George's County (624)
Fairfax is the county seat for Fairfax County
Vienna is in Fairfax County
      Fairfax County (709)  
      Alexandria (355)  
      Arlington County (455)  
      Fairfax (48)  
      Falls Church (137)  
      Loudoun County (335)  
      Prince William County (652)  
      Washington, D.C. (2450)  
      Charles County, Maryland (150)  
      Montgomery County, Maryland (714)  
      Prince George's County, Maryland (624)  
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1Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Metasequoia glyptostroboides — Dawn Redwood
This tree was first identified from a fossil found in Japan in 1941. That same year a living specimen was discovered in a remote part of China. Since its discovery, fossil evidence has shown that during a warm period called the Paleocene-Eocene . . . Map (db m151336) HM
2Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — African Pygmy Goat — Capra hircus
Where in the World? Originated in West Africa Habitat: Domestic farm animal Lifespan: 15+ years Diet: Grasses, leaves Gestation: 145-155 days # Young Born: 1-4
• In West Africa, pygmy goats . . . Map (db m195230) HM
3Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — African Pygmy Goat — Capra hircus
Where in the World? West Africa Lifespan: 10 years Diet: Grasses, leaves
• In West Africa, pygmy goats have supplied milk to lagers for thousands of years. • Pygmy goats are excellent climbers. The hair . . . Map (db m195245) HM
4Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Budgerigar — Melopsittacus undulatus
Where in the World? Australia Habitat: Grassland, Woodlands, Scrub Diet: Seeds, Grains
• The budgerigar is the most popular pet bird in the world. Naturally green and yellow, "budgies" have been bred for a wide . . . Map (db m195224) HM
5Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — BW-5 — Cavalry Engagement near Hunter's Mill
On 26 Nov. 1861, a 120-man detachment of Col. Robert Ransom Jr.'s 1st North Carolina Cavalry attacked 94 men of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry under Capt. Charles Bell. Ransom's men took Bell's detachment from the rear as the Pennsylvanians headed . . . Map (db m54500) HM
6Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Civil War Action at Vienna
On June 17, 1861, at this bend in the railroad, a Union train carrying 271 men of the 1st Ohio Volunteers was ambushed by nearly 700 South Carolina infantry and cavalry. Amid artillery fire, the Ohioans jumped from the platform cars and took cover . . . Map (db m26761) HM
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7Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Civil War Star Fort — 1861–1865
This six-point, star-shaped earthen fort with a 130-yard perimeter was constructed on the highest point of land in the area. It provided a commanding view of the western and northwestern approaches to Vienna. Earthwork fortifications, . . . Map (db m1527) HM
8Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — T 46-b — Crossroads to War
During the Civil War, this junction of Hunter Mill Road and the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad was a vital crossroads as Union and Confederate troops moved along the tracks between Vienna and Leesburg. In Sept. 1862, the Confederate Brig. . . . Map (db m22712) HM
9Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Electric Trains on the W&OD
Electrification arrived in 1912, after the Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad and the Southern Railway’s Bluemont Branch were consolidated into the Washington & Old Dominion Railway. The new owners brought modern interurban trolley cars. Wire . . . Map (db m2095) HM
10Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Fallow Deer — Cervus dama
Where in the World? Britain Habitat: Woodlands, forests, marshes, open fields and meadows Lifespan: Up to 15 years Diet: Grasses, berries, nuts, herbs, bark, leaves Gestation: 7.5 months # Young Born: 1 . . . Map (db m195242) HM
11Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — T-57 — Fields of Fire
On 17 June 1863, early in the Gettysburg Campaign, the Union XII Corps camped just north of here. The men left Fairfax Court House at daybreak, ate breakfast at Hunter's Mill, and halted by 11 AM because of extreme heat, 99 degrees in the shade. . . . Map (db m93018) HM
12Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — First Baptist Church of Vienna
Near this site where Hunter's Branch crosses the property, the First Baptist Church of Vienna regularly held baptismal services and ceremonies from 1923 until 1952. This property, now known as Carter's Glen, was the homestead of Charles Carter, . . . Map (db m156846) HM
13Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — First Court House of Fairfax County
From this spot N. 20° W. 220 ft. stood the First Court House of Fairfax County Built in 1742 abandoned because Indian hostilities about 1752Map (db m20276) HM
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14Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Freeman House — Home of Leon L. Freeman — First President & Fire Chief, Vienna Volunteer Fire Department — Reported unreadable
In 1903 Leon L. Freeman called for a town meeting to establish the Vienna Volunteer Fire Department, the first in Fairfax County. Mr. Freeman served the VVFD through 1936. The first piece of fire-fighting equipment was a 35 gallon chemical . . . Map (db m184084) HM
15Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Freeman Store and Museum — Caught in Conflict
In 1859, Abram Lydecker, a New Jersey merchant, purchased land in Vienna on which to build a large combination dwelling and store. The Lydecker family was displaced early as the Civil War swirled around the small village. Vienna village changed . . . Map (db m1643) HM
16Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Gardiner C. Means and Caroline F. Ware
Gardiner C. Means and Caroline F. Ware had a farm and home here from 1935 to 1988. They donated this land to become Meadowlark Botanical Gardens. Part of this historic log cabin was enclosed by their house and was used as their living . . . Map (db m151340) HM
17Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Hunter Station — Circa 1900 — Reported missing
This station was called a flag stop—a passenger would step out and flag down the train to catch a ride. The railroad was owned by the Southern Railway at this time and was operated as a steam railroad. Wires were installed in 1912 when . . . Map (db m1933) HM
18Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Hunter Station
The 1860 Alexandria, Loudoun, and Hampshire Railroad station at this junction was called a flag stop - a passenger would step out and flag down the train to catch a ride. At the time that the 1900 picture to the left was taken, the railroad was . . . Map (db m24791) HM
19Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Hunter’s Mill — Pennsylvania Reserve Corps Camp
For four days in March 1862, the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps camped here. It left Camp Pierpont at Langley on March 10 for Hunter's Mill on orders of Union Gen. George B. McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, who had heard that Gen. . . . Map (db m203836) HM
20Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — In Memory of Mack S. "Jack" Crippen, Jr. — 1928 - 2006 — A Unique Man —
Jack Crippen was founder of the Reston Zoo on this site which was farmed by his family for over 150 years. A visionary and irrepressible entrepreneur, Jack built the nearby Lake Fairfax in 1959 and helped develop the surrounding residential . . . Map (db m195247) HM
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21Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — James C. ("Jim") Martinelli
This tree planted to memorialize the dedicated public service career of James C. ("Jim") Martinelli (1928 - 1997) Architect of Vienna's first community center, mayor, council member, planning commissioner, and member of . . . Map (db m184086) HM
22Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Jeju Dolhareubang
While wooden carved statues called Jang-seung traditionally stood on the Korean mainland, stone carved statues called Dolhareubang stood on the volcanic island of Jeju. Historically, Dolhareubang were erected at the entrances of the areas . . . Map (db m151331) HM
23Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Kune Kune Pig — Sus scrofu
Where in the World? Originated in New Zealand Habitat: Domestic farm animal Lifespan: Up to 15 years Diet: Grass, roots Gestation: 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days = 114 days # Young Born: 1-7 piglets . . . Map (db m195227) HM
24Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — On June 17, 1861
On June 17, 1861, near this spot, a railroad was first used tactically in warfare when units from the 1st to 8th Regiments, South Carolina successfully engaged 1st Ohio Volunteers who were using a train of the Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad. . . . Map (db m1646) HM
25Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Sacred Ibis — Threskiornis aethiopicus
Fun Facts
• In Ancient Egypt, the Sacred ibis was worshipped as the god Thoth and was supposed to preserve the country from plagues and serpents. They were often mummified by ancient Egyptians and have been discovered buried . . . Map (db m195220) HM
26Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Salsbury Spring
Salsbury Spring provided drinking water and cooled the milk for the 250 acre dairy farm of Capt. Harmon L. Salsbury (1838-1913), commander of the US Colored Troop Company D, 26th Regiment from New York during the Civil War. The spring was the only . . . Map (db m22710) HM
27Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Soay Sheep — Ovis aries
Where in the World?: Scotland Habitat: Domestic animal Lifespan: 10 to 12 years Diet: Grasses, grains, plants Number of offspring: 1 to 2
• Soay Sheep get their name from the island where they . . . Map (db m195229) HM
28Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Strategic Junction — Hunter Mill Road and the AL&H Railroad
At the beginning of the American Civil War in mid-1861, Union General Irvin McDowell, Commander, Army of Northeastern Virginia, knew that his army lacked an adequate supply of wagons. The Alexandria, Loudoun, and Hampshire Railroad (today's W&OD . . . Map (db m24864) HM
29Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Terror by the Tracks
On October 18, 1864 Reverend John B. Read, a lay preacher at the Falls Church Baptist Church, was executed in dense pine woods by the railroad bridge here at Piney Branch. Early that morning a contingent of Confederate Colonel John Singleton Mosby's . . . Map (db m24865) HM
30Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Arlington & Fairfax Railway — The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park — Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority —
The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad had competition. In 1904 the Washington, Arlington, & Falls Church Railway began service from Washington, D.C., to Vienna, Virginia, along a route parallel to the W&OD. Besides offering passengers the . . . Map (db m214397) HM
31Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Bell of Peace and Harmony
"The Bell of Peace and Harmony" was donated by Gyunggido Province as a symbol of peace and partnership. The Korean Bell Garden is the first Korean Bell Garden constructed in the United States. Gyunggido Province, with its long history of . . . Map (db m151335) HM
32Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Cabin — Meadowlark Botanical Gardens
The cabin may have been the earliest structure on a 966-ace tract owned by William Gunnell. Gunnell's son, Henry, possibly built the first (eastern) section around 1740-50. Constructed of hewn oak, it was a single room with a fireplace. The stone . . . Map (db m151337) HM
33Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Great Falls Line
The Bluemont Branch of the Washington & Old Dominion was not the railroad’s only line. The Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad arose in 1906 from the vision of two prominent men. Sen. Stephen B. Elkins of West Virginia had prospered through coal, . . . Map (db m27121) HM
34Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Korean Bell Garden at Meadowlark Botanical Gardens
What you see before you is one of the most unique buildings in the Washington, D.C. region. Created via a joint effort between NOVA Parks and the Korean American Cultural Committee (KACC), this endeavor began with a . . . Map (db m155263) HM
35Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Purpose of the Korean Bell Garden — "A Symbol of Goodwill Towards All"
For the first time in United States history, one of the most beautiful botanic gardens will hold a Korean Bell Garden. Strategically located in Washington, DC, this bell garden will be not only in the capital of the United States but also the . . . Map (db m151333) HM
36Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Springhouse — Meadowlark Botanical Gardens — Reported damaged
In the old days, springhouses did the job of refrigerators. This springhouse served the occupants of the farm from the 18th through the early 20th centuries. It was built directly over the spring and shaded by trees. Cool spring water . . . Map (db m29790) HM
37Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — The Vienna Star Fort — 1861 - 1865
Today, two points of the trench from the original fort remain visible. Confederate troops camped here from June - October 1861 after the Battle of Vienna. Union soldiers are thought to have built the fort during their occupation of the hill . . . Map (db m198239) HM
38Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Tracks into History — The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
The railroad that became the Washington & Old Dominion was born in Alexandria in response to the competition in shipping posed by the port in Baltimore, which was served by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The B&O was diverting farm produce from the . . . Map (db m2094) HM
39Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Veterans Memorial
For Those Who Served Our Country And CommunityMap (db m117906) WM
40Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Veterans Memorial
Erected November 1981 Dedicated May 31, 1982 in honor of the over one million men and women who gave their lives in the service of their country.Map (db m198237) WM
41Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Vienna Centennial Park
(Front Side): History of the Railroad in Vienna * 1859 to 1968 * 1859 — Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad begins passenger, mail and freight service to Vienna. * 1861 — First use of a railroad in war occurs in Vienna . . . Map (db m151768) HM
42Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Vienna Station
Vienna Station, shown in the center of the photograph below in 1864, has stood here since the arrival of the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railway (later the Washington & Old Dominion Railway) in 1859. The farm community of Ayr Hill consisted of . . . Map (db m2090) HM
43Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Walking in the Footsteps of History
When you walk along this stream, you are not alone. You walk in the footsteps of people from the past. Close your eyes and imagine. Listen for the footsteps of history. Stream Valleys — Key to Survival For Native American peoples . . . Map (db m151328) HM
44Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park
The 100-foot-wide Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park (W&OD Trail) features a 45-mile asphalt trail for walking, running, skating, bicycling and other activities and a 33-mile, parallel, gravel bridle path for horseback riding and . . . Map (db m184082) HM
45Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — Wedderburn Station — Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park — NOVA Parks —
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, city folk rode the train out to Wedderburn, a popular summer resort and fairground. In later years the rail stop served commuters. This three-sided shelter (below) was typical of many small stop . . . Map (db m214530) HM
46Virginia, Fairfax County, Vienna — White Faced Capuchin — Cebus capucinus
Where do we live? Central America and South America and as far south as Argentina. What do we eat? Fruit, insects, leaves and small birds Fun Facts
• The White-faced capuchin are highly intelligent and are . . . Map (db m195233) HM
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Mar. 25, 2023