“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Jesse James Historical Markers

This series focuses on the outlaw Jesse James: his life, his gang, his legacy and depictions of him in film, music and other cultural media.
Bay Theater Marker image, Touch for more information
By Sandra Hughes, October 1, 2013
Bay Theater Marker
1 Alabama, Franklin County, Red Bay — Bay Theater
T. A. Wilson built the theater in 1927. Since Red Bay had no electricity at that time, he used a Delco System. Shortly after, electricity became available and he had to switch from Delco to Alabama Power. When he first started in the business, he . . . Map (db m83742) HM
2 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Elgin — Jesse James Gang Canal Payroll Robbery/Trial of Frank James
Jesse James Gang Canal Payroll Robbery March 1881 In, 1881, approximately three miles south of here, the U.S. Corps of Engineers was constructing the Muscle Shoals Canal along the north side of the Tennessee River. On March 11, 1881, . . . Map (db m99897) HM
3 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Killen — Muscle Shoals Canal1836 - 1918
Lock Six, headquarters of Muscle Shoals Canal, was located 1.3 miles south of here. An 1836 attempt to build a bypass canal around the shoals proved unsuccessful. On November 10, 1890 the canal from Rogersville to Florence was successfully . . . Map (db m28452) HM
4 Alabama, Lawrence County, Moulton — General Leroy Pope Walker
General Leroy Pope Walker was born 7 Feb 1817 in Madison County, Al., son of John W. Walker (1784~1823). John was House Speaker of the AL Territory, the first constitutional convention president, the first US AL senator, and namesake of Walker . . . Map (db m69669) HM
5 California, San Luis Obispo County, San Miguel — Elkhorn SaloonEstablished 1853
On land expropriated from San Miguel Mission, at the site of an adobe frequented by Frank and Jesse James, the first saloon in San Luis Obispo County opened its doors here on December 5, 1853. In its heyday, the Elkhorn Saloon often earned over . . . Map (db m59926) HM
6 Colorado, Chaffee County, Poncha Springs — The Jackson Hotel
The Jackson Hotel was built in 1878 by Henry A. Jackson who left his home in Kentucky looking for a place where his family could escape the turmoil of post-Civil War reconstruction. A former Memphis steamboat captain, Jackson found himself high and . . . Map (db m117048) HM
7 Georgia, Muscogee County, Columbus — Nunnally Johnson (1897-1977)
Nunnally Johnson was a native of Columbus who left his job as a reporter for "The Columbus Enquirer - Sun" to eventually become one of Hollywood's most successful screenwriter/producers. By the age of thirty-five, Johnson had written two musicals . . . Map (db m101322) HM
8 Iowa, Adair County, Adair — First Train Robbery in The WestJesse James Robberies
Site of the first train robbery in the west. Committed by the notorious Jesse James and his gang of outlaws July 21, 1873Map (db m34280) HM
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9 Kansas, Cherokee County, Baxter Springs — Café on the Route, Baxter Springs, KansasRoute 66 Roadside Attraction
Built circa 1870, the café was formerly the Crowell Bank, which Jesse James robbed in 1876. It is currently a restaurant and bed and breakfast.Map (db m37551) HM
10 Kansas, Cherokee County, Baxter Springs — Crowell BankBaxter Springs Historic Walking Tour
The first bank in Baxter Springs was the Bank of Baxter also called the Crowell Bank. It was established in 1870 and did business in this building. H. R. Crowell, the founder, was the second mayor of Baxter Springs. In May of 1876, Jesse James and . . . Map (db m37531) HM
11 Kentucky, Logan County, Russellville — 969 — Old Bank, Robbed 1868
Part of building erected about 1810 by Wm. Harrison, used as a residence by him and later by the Nortons. In 1857 front part built for Southern Bank of Ky. Building owned by Judge Hardy family sixty yrs. (1966). Mar.. 20, 1868, it was scene of . . . Map (db m123354) HM
12 Kentucky, Todd County, Guthrie — 210 — Stage Coach Inn
In 1833 Major John Gray, Founder of Elkton, built an inn here as a relay house for his stage coach lines. Legend states that Andrew Jackson, Jenny Lind, and Jesse James were patrons. It was a Civil War Confederate hospital. Most of original inn . . . Map (db m92103) HM
13 Minnesota, Rice County, Lonsdale — Nicolaus Gustafson
On September 7, 1876 Nicolaus Gustafson, a recent immigrant from Sweden, was fatally shot by Cole Younger during the notorious Jesse James Gang's aborted raid on the Northfield bank. Gustafson had ridden into town that morning with Peter Youngquist . . . Map (db m93625) HM
14 Minnesota, Rice County, Millersburg — Millersburg & the Northfield Bank RobberySeptember 6-7, 1876
Late in the day on September 6, 1876, four heavily armed men rode into Millersburg from the west and spent the night in the Cushman Hotel east of the school. They were led by a ruthless outlaw named Thomas Coleman "Cole" Younger. The four armed men . . . Map (db m93623) HM
15 Missouri, Buchanan County, St. Joseph — Buchanan County CourthouseNeo-Classical — 1876 —
Situated on "Council Hill". In 1882 Bob and Charlie Ford were tried here and sentenced to hang for the shooting of Jesse James.Map (db m66417) HM
16 Missouri, Buchanan County, St. Joseph — Jesse James Home
Outlaw Jesse James was shot and killed in this house April 3, 1882. It was then at 1318 Lafayette on the hill above Patee House. It was moved here in 1977.Map (db m58835) HM
17 Missouri, Buchanan County, St. Joseph — Patee Park Baptist Church
Patee Park Baptist Church is the second oldest Baptist Church in St. Joseph. It began as a Sunday School in 1881 under the leadership of H.G. Walker, an active leader in the First Baptist Church of St. Joseph. It was organized as a church . . . Map (db m48080) HM
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18 Missouri, Buchanan County, St. Joseph — Patee Town
John Patee came to St. Joseph in 1845 and opened the city's first drugstore at the corner of of Main and Francis Streets. He purchased 320 acres, platted what was known as "Patee Town" and began selling building lots in 1849. He later built the . . . Map (db m22072) HM
19 Missouri, Buchanan County, St. Joseph — Saint Joseph
Renowned city of the Pony Express, St. Joseph was first settled as a trading post for the American Fur Company by Joseph Robidoux, 1826. Later he acquired the site and laid out a town in 1843. St. Joseph became an outfitting point for settlers in . . . Map (db m4989) HM
20 Missouri, Cape Girardeau County, Cape Girardeau — Missouri Mule / The Wild West
Missouri Mule The mule was adopted as Missouri's state animal in 1995. Generally considered smarter, hardier, and more sure-footed than a horse, mules have been used or pulling wagons and other endurance-related task. For many years Missouri . . . Map (db m107853) HM
21 Missouri, Cass County, Harrisonville — Burnt District MonumentThe Heart of the Burnt District — Missouri's Civil War —
The Civil War on the Missouri-Kansas border was an extension of the raiding and looting that took place during the Bleeding Kansas era of 1854 to 1860. Early in the war, Kansas Jayhawkers and Redlegs dressed in blue Union uniforms looted and . . . Map (db m20318) HM
22 Missouri, Cass County, Pleasant Hill — The Civil War in Pleasant Hill
The American Civil War had a profound and long-lasting impact on the Pleasant Hill area. Its location in the border state of Missouri ensured that residents would align themselves on both sides of the conflict. Numerous skirmishes were fought . . . Map (db m88350) HM
23 Missouri, Clay County, Liberty — Jesse James Bank MuseumClay County Historical Society Historical Landmark
Built in 1858, only ante-bellum building remaining on the square. Originally housed a branch of the Farmer's Bank. Scene of first daylight robbery in 1866, supposedly by James-Younger gang. Restored to original appearance by Jack Wymore. . . . Map (db m68210) HM
24 Missouri, Clay County, Liberty — Liberty
Early border town, prominent trading and outfitting center, and one of the farthest northwest of U. S. towns to be based on southern culture and economy. Settled about 1820, mainly by southern pioneers, the town became the seat of justice for . . . Map (db m81749) HM
25 Missouri, Clay County, Liberty — Passing Pleasures, Tourist Treasures
Clay County offers a variety of interesting choices for visitors. History buffs can visit the Jesse James farm in Kearney, the Elms Hotel, once a popular mineral water destination in Excelsior Springs, the Woolen Mill at Watkins Mill State Park and . . . Map (db m68365) HM
26 Missouri, Clay County, Liberty — Site of First Daylight Bank Hold Up in United States
Clay County Savings Association robbed of $60,000 February 13, 1866 Attributed to Jesse James GangMap (db m68209) HM
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27 Missouri, Franklin County, Stanton — Jesse James HideoutMeramec Caverns — Stanton, Missouri — Reported missing
In the early 1870's he and his band used the cavern on numerous occasions because it afforded a complete hideout for men and horsesMap (db m156382) HM
28 Missouri, Franklin County, Stanton — Saltpeter CaveMissouri's Civil War
As far back as anyone can recall, the cave on the right bank of Meramec River, one hundred miles upstream from its confluence with the Mississippi River, was called Saltpeter Cave. Anyone venturing into Saltpeter, or any of the other large . . . Map (db m173410) HM
29 Missouri, Lafayette County, Lexington — Alexander Mitchell & Company Bank
Robbed of approximately $2,000 at noon, October 30, 1866, by the Jesse James gang. This was the second bank robbed by this gang. Though pursued by a posse, the robbers escaped.Map (db m199122) HM
30 Missouri, McDonald County, Lanagan — McDonald County
McDonald County, 540 sq. miles of Ozark grandeur in Missouri’s extreme southwest, was called Seneca when it was formed in 1847. Fully organized in 1849, it was named for Rev. War soldier Alexander McDonald.      Pineville, the county seat, was . . . Map (db m99715) HM
31 Missouri, Platte County, Parkville — Attack on the Paw Paw FortMissouri's Civil War 1861 - 1865 — The Struggle for Platte County — Reported permanently removed
Northwest Missouri Tinderbox Conflict and uncertainty were widespread in northwest Missouri in the summer of 1864. Federal forces struggled in a heavy-handed manner to control areas much too large for their capabilities. Raiders from . . . Map (db m65997) HM
32 Missouri, St. Clair County, Osceola — The Old Commercial Hotel
Created from the Lousiana Territory, the Territory of Missouri was established by an Act of Congress in 1812, and became the 24th State on August 10, 1821. Sixteen years later in 1837 there were about sixty people living here on the banks of the . . . Map (db m61468) HM
33 Missouri, Ste. Genevieve County, Ste. Genevieve — Merchants Bank / Ste. Genevieve Savings Bank
Civil War Event - August 15, 1861 During the night, a military force comprised of 250 Zouaves of the 8th Missouri Infantry Regiment and an artillery piece with its 13 men arrived from Cape Girardeau. They were under the command of Major . . . Map (db m143584) HM
34 New Hampshire, Rockingham County, Portsmouth — Portsmouth NH Red Light District
From the mid-nineteenth century into the early years of the twentieth century, most of Portsmouth's houses of ill-fame and low-class saloons were concentrated on Water Street, (today Marcy Street). City officials and the police gave unofficial . . . Map (db m96183) HM
35 New York, Erie County, West Seneca — 27 — "Old Shep" — Legends & Lore —
Hermit of Leydecker Road William Sheppard CA. 1840-1933. Was thought to be an outlaw of Jesse James' Gang. Roamed town as a scissors grinder.Map (db m111417) HM
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36 Oklahoma, McIntosh County, Porum — Younger's Bend
Formerly a strong southerly bend in the Canadian River was located here. The course of the river was permanently changed after the construction of the Lake Eufaula Dam in 1964. It is thought that the bend is named for Cole Younger who served in the . . . Map (db m146401) HM
37 South Dakota, Minnehaha County, Garretson — The Legend of Jesse JamesHit the Trail and Explore Devil's Gulch
Imagine a fall day in 1876. A man approaches, galloping on his horse as fast as they can go. They are trying to escape a posse after robbing a bank in Northfield, Minnesota. The man has already divided ways with his brother to help evade the lawmen, . . . Map (db m187036) HM
38 South Dakota, Minnehaha County, Sioux Falls — James Brothers
After their September 7, 1876, failed attempt to rob a bank at Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse and Frank James separated from the Younger Brothers gang, rode southwest, and entered Minnehaha County, Dakota Territory. Little direct evidence exists . . . Map (db m197202) HM
39 Tennessee, Davidson County, Nashville, Whites Creek — 3A 20 — The James Gang
In this building, then a combination saloon and grocery, W.W. Earthman, magistrate and ex-constable of Davidson County, on March 25, 1881, arrested Bill Ryan, alias Tom Hill, ruthless and indiscreet member of the gang, members of which were living . . . Map (db m39211) HM
40 Tennessee, Humphreys County, New Johnsonville — 3E 21 — Jesse James
In August 1877, Jesse James, the notorious outlaw, moved to this site from Missouri and rented a farm from N.B. Link. Using the assumed name of J.D. Howard, he engaged in farming and horse racing. He entered one of his horses, Red Fox, in local . . . Map (db m52583) HM
41 Texas, Bowie County, De Kalb — 9475 — De Kalb
Named for Maj. Gen. Johann de Kalb - a hero of the American Revolution - upon suggestion (1836) of David Crockett, a visitor on his way to fight in Texas War for Independence. Other Texas heroes traveling through here were James B. Fannin and Wm. . . . Map (db m96648) HM
42 Texas, Dallas County, Dallas, Riverway Estates/Bruton Terrace — 6880 — Old Scyene Road
Once a buffalo trail, Scyene Road was one of the earliest roads in Dallas County. It linked the community of Scyene with Dallas, one day's journey by wagon to the west, and with Jefferson and Shreveport to the east. Named for a town in ancient . . . Map (db m147580) HM
43 Texas, Sterling County, Sterling City — 5113 — Sterling County
This prairie region split by the north Concho River is old Comanche, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Lipan, and Wichita hunting ground. Possibly it was crossed by six or so Spanish explorations between 1540 and 1654. In the 1860s and 70s, Anglo-Americans . . . Map (db m115870) HM
44 Texas, Wise County, Decatur — 3700 — Old Campsite of Jesse and Frank James(Approximately 1 mi. south)
Famous western frontier outlaws, who had many Texas hideouts along a line from the Rio Grande to the Red River. The camps—extending into Missouri, their home state—were used for hiding stolen horses until posses could be thrown off the . . . Map (db m108533) HM
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Jun. 9, 2023