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Former U.S. Presidents: #39 James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. Historical Markers
By Sandra Hughes, July 22, 2009
Tuscumbia Big Spring Park
|Big Spring (average daily flow 35,000,000 gallons) provided water for town founded on its banks.
Michael Dickson of Tennessee was first settler (about 1817). Town laid out in 1819 and incorporated as Ococoposo (Cold Water, 1820).
Name changed to . . . — — Map (db m83453) HM|
|Lewis began an earnest voting rights drive in the early 1940s. Credited with registering 4 generations of Montgomery voters. He established Citizenship Schools that tutored prospective black voters to fill out the literacy text, a barrier before the . . . — — Map (db m86429) HM|
Born in Winston County, Alabama in 1918, Frank M. Johnson, Jr. transcended the prejudices of his time and made his mark as one of the great jurists in American history.
He married his Winston County sweetheart, Ruth Jenkins, in 1938. During . . . — — Map (db m80559) HM|
| Albright's contributions to the National Park Service can hardly be overstated. While working with the agency's first director, Stephen Mather, in the early years of the National Park Service, Horace Albright played a decisive role in guiding the . . . — — Map (db m39600) HM|
[Written on the initial marker, provided for context]
Our Constitution names the President of the United States the Commander in Chief of all the Armed Forces. Presidents who have served in our military are displayed on the following . . . — — Map (db m92424) HM WM|
|During the first US energy crises in the 1970s the need for a sustainable and renewable energy was evident and President Jimmy Carter created the first renewable energy program in the country. In the early 1980s the first commercial electricity from . . . — — Map (db m135045) HM|
Throughout history patriotic Americans have been drawn together to serve a cause greater than themselves. Some came because of common experiences. Most came because of common values. All came because they shared a dream.
The people who . . . — — Map (db m61431) WM|
Solidarność (or Solidarity) emerged in Poland in 1980) as the first free, independent labor union in the so-called Eastern Bloc, i.e. the Soviet sphere of influence, which included the USSR and much of Central . . . — — Map (db m163276) HM|
| Panel 1:
Dedicated in gratitude to the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, General Dwight David Eisenhower and the valiant soldiers of all Allied Armies he led into battle.
Victorious in battle, they brought the Third Reich . . . — — Map (db m48459) HM|
Who are these famous Civil Rights leaders?
Barbara Jordan (upper left)(some text missing due to illegibility)
Patsy Mink (wearing... (some text missing due to illegibility) ... supporter of civil rights . . . — — Map (db m130649) HM|
Dr. Dorothy Height worked to advance women's, civil, and human rights with many of our nation's leaders. How many can you recognize?
Dr. Dorothy Height
Has lived at 700 7th Street, SW since 1983. As President Emmerita . . . — — Map (db m112797) HM|
|Built in 1890 as quarters for Navy officers, the Little White House later was used by American Presidents William Howard Taft, Harry S. Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton. Truman used the facility as a vacation . . . — — Map (db m32655) HM|
|Built in 1890 on the waterfront as a two-family dwelling for the base commandant and paymaster, this building was known as Quarters A and B. It was converted into a single-family residence in 1911. President William Howard Taft visited this site in . . . — — Map (db m32659) HM|
|This bell was awarded to the First Baptist Church by Governor William J. Northen (1833-1913) to honor the first church built in the Colony City of Fitzgerald. Governor Northen was an outstanding Baptist layman who graduated from Mercer University at . . . — — Map (db m11705) HM|
|Conrad Aiken, Poet and Man of Letters, was born in Savannah on August 5, 1889, and lived at No. 228 (opposite) until 1901. After the tragic deaths of his parents, he was moved to New England. Most of his writing career was divided between Cape Cod, . . . — — Map (db m5310) HM|
|This bridge, which connects the Cook County side of Reed Bingham State Park with the Colquitt County side, was completed in 1974 and was dedicated on July 13, 1974 by Governor Jimmy Carter.
Serving as an outstanding state park facility for . . . — — Map (db m17867) HM|
| Freedom Park celebrates the lives and work of two renowned Georgians and Nobel Peace Prize winners, the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and President Jimmy Carter.
Beginning at the far end of the parking lot, a gentle paved trail extends through . . . — — Map (db m73173) HM|
President Jimmy Carter
Roswell White House — — Map (db m109173) HM|
| ( Front text )
Incorporated in 1974
"Organized by Women, Supported by Men"
Mayor Lyndol Anderson
The first mayor of the city of Walthourville,
who was appointed by Governor Jimmy . . . — — Map (db m15811) HM|
|Georgia Southwestern State University was founded in 1906 as the Third Agricultural and Mechanical School. In 1926, the Legislature authorized the school to offer two years of college work and change the name to Third District Agricultural and . . . — — Map (db m41068) HM|
I had a pony then that lacked a way to work and pay her way, except that every year or two Lady had a colt we sold, but still for less than what was due to buy the fodder, hay and corn she ate at times she couldn't be on pasture.
Neither . . . — — Map (db m129833) HM|
|This rural community of Archery, established in the 1800’s, consisted of a train stop, houses of railroad employees, the St. Mark African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, a school for black youth, and a store. The community was named for Sublime . . . — — Map (db m56731) HM|
| In 1954 Mill Jennings, owner and operator of Standard Oil station purchased this building from Thad Jones and moved the building to its current site. The Plains Hotel, which had recently been torn down, previously occupied the lot. Originally, the . . . — — Map (db m73058) HM|
Our blacksmith shop was a small building ... with... a dirt floor. The forge and anvil, drill press, and emery wheel were used daily to repair farm tools and sometimes to make them. Our horses and mules were shod there, and our plow points . . . — — Map (db m56777) HM|
| In 1951, the Carter Warehouse office was built on this location. Over the years the business grew to include a peanut shelling plant, a cotton gin and a processing plant. In 1962, Billy Carter came home from the Marines to enter the business with . . . — — Map (db m73062) HM|
This fields is a small part of several hundred acres that earned a living for the Carters and the other families who lived here. Like his neighbors throughout southwest Georgia, Earl Carter mixed his plantings of cotton, corn, watermelons, sugar . . . — — Map (db m56769) HM|
Here, at the barn, the day started early.
During the ... seasons all the workers arose early each morning at 4:00 a.m...., wakened by the ringing of a large farm bell. We would go to the barn and catch the mules by lantern light, put the . . . — — Map (db m56773) HM|
Our lives then were centered almost completely around our own family and our own home...
Jimmy Carter, 1975, Why Not the Best?
This is the homeplace- "hot in the summer and cold in the winter"- of a Georgia farmboy who would someday sleep . . . — — Map (db m56782) HM|
|Just down this path is the shady, swept-sand yard where the 39th President of the United States played as a boy, during the years of the Great Depression. This plain white farmhouse, these tangled woods, and these broad fields were home to Jimmy . . . — — Map (db m56784) HM|
"Why do you fish and hunt?" I'm often asked, The easiest answer is : "My father and all my ancestors did it before me. It's been part of my life since childhood, and part of my identity, like being a southern or a Baptist."
I could add that . . . — — Map (db m56766) HM|
| Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.
With a short walk around this farm you can just take a glimpse of the small, enclosed world that nurtured a future . . . — — Map (db m56768) HM|
|The nearest house to ours, between the barn and the main road, was the home of a special family.
Jack Clark was in charge of the barn, the mules and horses, the equipment and harness, and rarely worked in the fields... For me and the other boys... . . . — — Map (db m56771) HM|
| Plains Bank was organized in 1901 by R. S. Oliver, who served as president. W. L. Thomas, vice president, and C. C. Lunsford as cashier. The Plains Bank belonged to a chain of eighty three banks operated by Banker's Trust Company of Atlanta. The . . . — — Map (db m73060) HM|
|Built in 1903, and intended as an hotel, the building housed retail services on the ground floor and the twenty-bed wise sanitarium on the top floor. The Wise Brothers used this location until the 1920's when they moved to the newly completed . . . — — Map (db m56802) HM|
The train depot served as the Presidential Campaign Headquarters for Jimmy Carter in 1976. The depot became nationally recognized and served as the backdrop for many political speeches. In January 1977, an 18-car "Peanut Special" train departed . . . — — Map (db m56796) HM|
| Side 1:
This school opened in 1921, racially integrated in 1966 and served students from Plains, Georgia until 1979. The school’s rich history of distinguished educators and progressive curriculum earned recognition at state and . . . — — Map (db m41126) HM|
From this depot in 1975, James Earl Carter, Jr. launched a two-year campaign for the presidency of the United States. At first an unknown referred to as “Jimmy Who,” Carter was inaugurated as America’s 39th President on January 20, . . . — — Map (db m21351) HM|
|Eleanor Rosalynn Smith was born in Plains on August 18, 1927 and grew up in this house. Her parents were Edgar and Allie Smith. She had two younger brothers and a sister: Jerry Smith, Murray Smith, and Allethea Smith Wall.
Rosalynn graduated . . . — — Map (db m40314) HM|
President Carter's life-long love of tennis began with his frequent, fierce contest with his father on this Georgia clay court.
My father... was an excellent tennis player. ... I could never beat my father. He had a wicked slice ball which . . . — — Map (db m56779) HM|
|Built in 1921 by Doctors Samuel, Thaddeus, and Bowman Wise, sons of Dr. Burr T. and Laura Addy Wise, early settlers of Plains, this innovative hospital was known as “the Mayo Clinic of the South”. Originally opening above Plains Pharmacy . . . — — Map (db m40163) HM|
|Jonas Salk was one of three sons born to Russian immigrants in New York City. Salk was the first person in his family to graduate from college and medical school. Salk spent most of his career as a microbiologist. His most noteworthy achievement was . . . — — Map (db m132851) HM|
| "Peace is possible ... it can begin simply, over a game of chess and a cup of tea."
Mattie J.T. Stepanek
July 17, 1990 - June 22, 2004
Mattie enjoyed public speaking and worked with Former President and First Lady Jimmy and . . . — — Map (db m129439) HM|
On February 6, 1911, Ronald Wilson Reagan was born to Nelle and John Reagan in Tampico, Illinois. He attended high school in nearby Dixon and then worked his way through Eureka College. There, he studied economics and sociology, played on the . . . — — Map (db m133630) HM|
|Thayer’s Inn has welcomed countless guests over the years.
Among them have been the famous (and the infamous).
A brief listing includes visiting Presidents Ulysses S. Grant, Franklin Pierce, Richard Nixon, and Jimmy Carter.
Also stopping here . . . — — Map (db m116234) HM|
|Colonel Donald Cook Square
This square honors Colonel Donald Gilbert Cook (1934-1967) who served with the Marine Corps in Vietnam and died there while being held as a prisoner of War. Colonel Cook graduated from St. Francis Xavier High . . . — — Map (db m126850) HM|
|In 1980, Lt. Col. Matt Urban, Aug. 25, 1919 [-] March 4, 1995, the most combat decorated World War II soldier, received the Congressional Medal of Honor, three silver stars, five bronze stars, purple heart with 7 oak leaf clusters, from President . . . — — Map (db m77108) WM|
Rotterdam Housing Area
Home of Jimmy Carter
October 1952 - October 1953
James Earl Carter, Jr., President of the United States
1977-1981, and his wife Rosalynn, lived in Quarters
Number 7 when he . . . — — Map (db m6870) HM|
Susan Brownell Anthony
Woman Suffrage Leader
Visited October 19, 1878
"To secure both national and 'domestic tranquility,' to 'establish justice,' to carry out the spirit of our Constitution, put into the hands of all women....the . . . — — Map (db m53838) HM|
James Cleveland Owens was born in Alabama in 1913 and moved with his family to Cleveland at age nine. An elementary school teacher recorded his name "Jesse" when he said "J.C." It became the name he used for the rest of his . . . — — Map (db m12799) HM|
James "Jimmy” Carter, 39th President of the
United States, is well known for his conflict
mediation efforts in the Middle East, Haiti
and Panama. In 2002, Carter was honored
for his continuing efforts in finding peaceful
solutions to . . . — — Map (db m157525) HM|
|This Plaque Erected
In Honor of
of the U.S.A.
“On the Quad”
May 20, 1979 — — Map (db m52071) HM|
General Edward C. "Shy" Meyer has served the nation, the Army and West Point with great distinction. In particular, his services as a commander and staff officer in combat, his direction of Army modernization and force . . . — — Map (db m152008) HM|
| Native Charlestonian and daughter of a former lowcountry slave, Mrs. Septima Clark was a leader of the Civil Rights Movement. A graduate of Avery Normal Institute, Clark's first job was teaching African-American children on Johns Island. Her . . . — — Map (db m64797) HM|
On February 6, 1911, Ronald Wilson Reagan was born to Nelle and John Reagan in Tampico, Illinois. He attended high school in nearby Dixon and then worked his way through Eureka College. There, he studied economics and sociology, played on the . . . — — Map (db m112633) HM|
The United States never wavered in its commitment to freedom and democracy in Berlin, a city isolated 100 miles inside Easts Germany. In 1948, to assert its influence over Germany, the Soviet Union blockaded land access to Berlin. The Western . . . — — Map (db m136414) WM|
|Houston native Lydia Mendoza was one of the first and most famous singers of the Texas-Mexico border and Latin America. Her 1934 recording of "Mal Hombre” for Bluebird Records launched a decades-long career. Mendoza became famous for . . . — — Map (db m150255) HM|
The Sam Houston Coliseum, now the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts, was the site of the first National Women's Conference held on November 18th through 21st, 1977. It was the largest political conference of women in the United States since . . . — — Map (db m117295) HM|
|Jessie Menifield Rattley (1929-2001) was born in Birmingham, Alabama. She moved to the Virginia Peninsula to attend Hampton Institute. After graduating with honors in 1951, Mrs. Rattley established the first business department at Huntington High . . . — — Map (db m33964) HM|
|Patrick J. Lucey was born in La Crosse on March 21, 1918, to Ferryville parents, Gregory C. and Ella McNamara Lucey. He was educated at Campion Academy, College of St. Thomas, and the University of Wisconsin.
Lucey served in the U.S. Army . . . — — Map (db m35407) HM|
|This rustic Episcopal chapel, constructed in 1925, held the first services on July 26 of that year. Prior to its construction, worshippers traveled 12 miles over rough roads to the town of Jackson. Today, that is just a short car ride away, but in . . . — — Map (db m97628) HM|