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Pocahontas County West Virginia Historical Markers

 
Travelers' Repose Side image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, July 10, 2010
Travelers' Repose Side
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Blue and Gray / Travelers' Repose
On Old Pike Road (County Route 3) at West Virginia Highway 28, on the right when traveling west on Old Pike Road.
Blue and GrayNear here was Camp Bartow, fortified by Confederates in 1861. At Greenbrier Bridge, an artillery duel was fought, Oct. 3, 1861. Battle of Allegheny (8 Mi.E.) was fought, Dec. 13, 1861, between armies of Gen. W.L. Jackson and Gen. . . . — Map (db m34076) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp Allegheny
On U.S. 250 at Forest Service Road, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 250.
Confederate forces led by Col. Edward Johnson held a fortified camp here in winter of 1861-62. Sharp attack occurred, Dec. 13, 1861, in which the Union troops under Gen. Robert Milroy were beaten off. — Map (db m32890) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp Allegheny1861-1862
Near Old Pike Road (County Route 3) 2 miles west of U.S. 250, on the left when traveling west.
In late November 1861, Confederate forces at Camp Bartow moved southeast to this strong position on Allegheny Mountain overlooking the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Colonel Edward Johnson, 12th Georgia Infantry, took command of the garrison with . . . — Map (db m58294) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp Allegheny 1861-1862
On Old Pike Road (County Road 3), on the right when traveling east.
Camp Allegheny, also known as Camp Baldwin and Camp Johnson, was constructed in the summer of 1861 by Confederate forces in order to control the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. (present day Pocahontas County Route 3). Following the October 3, 1861 . . . — Map (db m32895) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp BartowBattle of Greenbrier River — The First Campaign —
On Old Pike Road (County Route 3) at West Virginia Highway 28, on the right when traveling west on Old Pike Road.
In August 1861, Confederate soldiers under Gen. Henry R. Jackson of Georgia erected Camp Bartow here. Fortifications on these hills guarded a disputed "middle ground" between Union and Confederate forces on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. The . . . — Map (db m34168) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp BartowSpringtime Snow and Mud — Jones-Imboden Raid —
On U.S. 250 0.3 miles west of West Virginia Route 28, on the right when traveling west.
(sidebar) On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William F. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they later . . . — Map (db m58229) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Staunton-Parkersburg TurnpikeCrossing the Mountains
On U.S. 250 at Forest Service Road, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 250. Reported missing.
Early in the 1800s, growing western settlement spured a push to improve transportation routes over the Appalachian Mountains. In 1822, Virginia authorized a survey of the route that became the Staunton to Parkersburg Turnpike. Connecting the upper . . . — Map (db m32884) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — The First CampaignCivil War Begins in the Mountains of (West) Virginia — The First Campaign —
On U.S. 250 at Forest Service Road, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 250.
West Virginia, born of a nation divided, was the setting for the first campaign of America's Civil War. Although still part of Virginia in 1861, many citizens of the west remained loyal to the Union, rather than the Confederacy. By late May, Union . . . — Map (db m32889) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — The Great RaidPath of Destruction — Jones-Imboden Raid —
On U.S. 250 at Old Pike Road (County Route 3), on the left when traveling west on U.S. 250.
In March 1863, Confederate Gen. John D. Imboden presented Gen. Robert E. Lee a plan to invade the northwestern counties of Virginia. Imboden’s goals were to destroy Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridges and trestles, recruit young men for the . . . — Map (db m58302) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Travellers ReposeFirst Respite on a Rugged Road
On Old Pike Road (County Route 3) at West Virginia Highway 28, on the right when traveling west on Old Pike Road.
Travellers Repose was the first stage stop west of Allegheny. Andrew Yeager, son of pioneer John Yeager, built the first Travellers Repose here on the upper Greenbrier River. Mail delivery along the length of the pike was contracted in 1847, and . . . — Map (db m34167) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — War In West VirginiaA Decisive Campaign — The First Campaign —
On U.S. 250 at Old Pike Road (County Route 3), on the left when traveling west on U.S. 250.
In the spring of 1861, Union forces rushed into northwestern Virginia to secure the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, protect important turnpikes, and support Unionists against Confederates. Many residents in the northwest, although still part of . . . — Map (db m58300) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — West Virginia / Virginia
On U.S. 250 at Forest Service Road, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 250.
(West Virginia Side):West Virginia (Pocahontas County)"The Mountain State" ~ western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and . . . — Map (db m32908) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Buckeye — Natural History and HeritageBuckeye
On Buckeye Station Road (County Route 219/15) 0.5 miles east of Seneca Trail (U.S. 219), on the left when traveling east.
Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) lndigo Buntings have no blue pigment; they are actually black, but the diffraction of light through the structure of the feathers makes them appear blue. These attractive birds are also found in rural . . . — Map (db m93994) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Droop Mountain — Maxon Sand
On Senica Trail (U.S. 219).
The clean massive Droop Sandstone in the road cut is the "Maxon Sand" of the driller. The "Maxon Sand" yields oil and natural gas at depths of over 1000 feet in southern and central West Virginia. — Map (db m104286)
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Durbin — Cheat MountainDramatic Barrier
On U.S. 250 at Forest Road 27 on U.S. 250.
At the heart of what was then the large state of Virginia, the Allegheny Mountains posed a formidable barrier to settlement and development. Turnpike engineer Claudius Crozet faced the daunting task of designing and building a road over these . . . — Map (db m59358) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Edray — Big Lime
On Seneca Trail (Route 219).
The Greenbrier Limestone in the quarry represents the "Big Lime" of the driller. Fish-egg like oölitic zones in the "Big Lime" yield oil and natural gas in West Virginia. — Map (db m104290)
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Green Bank — Ewen-Purcell Horn Antenna
Near West Virginia Route 28/92 east of Cemetery Road (County Route 28/25), on the right when traveling south.
This horn antenna was used by Harold I. Ewen and Edward M. Purcell at the Lyman Laboratory of Physics at Harvard University in 1951 for the first detection of radio radiation from neutral atomic hydrogen gas in the Milky Way at a wavelength of 21 . . . — Map (db m58304) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 14th Pennsylvania CavalryU.S.A. — Col. James M. Schoonmaker —
Near U.S. 219, on the right when traveling south.
The battle positions of the 14th Penn. Cavalry and the Federal artillery were on the cleared ridge right of the highway about 2/3 mile distant and 600 feet lower in elevation. Throughout the morning, skirmishers and artillery fire from these groups . . . — Map (db m34354) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 20th Virginia CavalryC.S.A. — Col. William Wiley Arnett —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
From behind breastworks and with artillery support, the 20th Va. occupied a strong position overlooking the highway at the Confederate center. In mid-afternoon, however, they were flanked on the left and overran in desperate hand to hand fighting at . . . — Map (db m34386) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 22nd Virginia InfantryC.S.A. — Col. George S. Patton —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Originally placed behind a hill to the rear, the 22nd Va. was moved here, in front of the Confederate artillery, where they overlooked the highway. Companies A, E, and I were later detached and sent to reinforce Col. Jackson on the left flank. Both . . . — Map (db m34383) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 23rd Battalion Virginia InfantryC.S.A. — Maj. William Blessing —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
First stationed across the highway and on the extreme right of the Confederate line, the 23rd Battalion was later moved to support the 19th Va. Cavalry on the left flank. After an initial charge that temporarily halted the Federal advance, the 23rd . . . — Map (db m34391) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 2nd West Virginia Mounted InfantryU.S.A. — Lt. Col. Alexander Scott —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
From this deep ravine, the 2nd WV battled its way to the mountaintop and was actively engaged in the fighting here at the Confederate center. Lieutenant J. B. Smith, the youngest officer in the regiment, was the first Federal soldier inside the . . . — Map (db m34389) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 3rd West Virginia Mounted InfantryU.S.A. — Lt. Col. Francis W. Thompson —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
The men of the 3rd WV fought their way up this ravine extending their line of battle along the mountainside until they joined with the 28th Ohio. Upon reaching the top, they helped break the Confederate line and pursued the defeated army south . . . — Map (db m34390) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — 8th West Virginia Mounted InfantryU.S.A. — Col. John H. Oley —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
With help from the Federal artillery, the 8th WV attacked the Confederate center by climbing up the cleared face of this ridge. There they were joined by the 2nd WV, overran the the breastworks and forced the defending Confederates to fall back . . . — Map (db m34387) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Birthplace of Pearl S. Buck
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, author of 85 books, one of them "The Good Earth," for which she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Literature (1932), was born here at Stulting Place, June 26, 1892. In 1938, she achieved further distinction when she became . . . — Map (db m34143) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Chapman’s, Jackson’s, and Lurty’s Virginia BatteriesC.S.A. — Maj. William McLaughlin —
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Protecting much of the Confederate army were seven artillery pieces, all of which were placed above the highway. Both smoothbore and rifled cannon were present and blocked efforts by the Union army to advance up the main road. However, the position . . . — Map (db m34385) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Cranberry Glades
On Highland Scenic Highway (West Virginia Route 39) at Public Road 102, on the left when traveling west on Highland Scenic Highway.
The Cranberry Glades are the naturalist's paradise. In a great natural bowl in nearby mountains, 4000 ft. high, is a misplaced tract of Arctic tundra in southern mountains. Here is found reindeer moss and other rare plants. — Map (db m34397) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Droop Mountain
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) 0.2 miles north of Delta Road 18, on the right when traveling north.
Here, November 6, 1863, Union troops, commanded by Gen. W.W. Averell, defeated Confederate forces under Gen. John Echols. This has been considered the most extensive engagement in this State and the site was made a State park in 1929. — Map (db m34364) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Hillsboro
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at 2nd Street, on the right when traveling north on Main Street.
Here Gen. W.W. Averell camped before the Battle of Droop Mountain and after his raid to Salem, Virginia, in 1863. Settlements were made in the vicinity in the 1760s by John McNeel and the Kinnisons. Birthplace of Pearl Buck. — Map (db m34352) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — John D. Baxter
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
This marks the spot where John D. Baxter, Orderly Sergeant, Co. F, 10th W.Va. Inft. Fell inside the Confederate line leading the last charge, November 6th, 1863. — Map (db m34394) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Lieut. Henry Bender
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Commanded Co.F. in the last charge that the 10th W.Va. Vol. Inft. made that broke the Confederate line at the bloody angle, where so many of the brave men of both armies fell, November 6th, 1863. — Map (db m34395) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Major Robert Augustus Bailey
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Killed here while waving the Confederate battle flag in a last, vain attempt to rally his men. — Map (db m88500) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — The Battle At Droop MountainNovember 6, 1863
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Nearly five months after West Virginia was admitted into the Union, the Confederate army of Brigadier General John Echols still occupied the prosperous Greenbrier Valley region of the new state. From its headquarters in Lewisburg, his army was the . . . — Map (db m34380) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — The Battle At Droop MountainNovember 6, 1863
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Nearly five months after West Virginia was admitted into the Union, the Confederate army of Brigadier General John Echols still occupied the prosperous Greenbrier Valley region of the new state. From its headquarters in Lewisburg, his army was the . . . — Map (db m34382) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — The Battle At Droop MountainNovember 6, 1863
Near Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near George Hill Road (County Route 24/1).
Nearly five months after West Virginia was admitted into the Union, the Confederate army of Brigadier General John Echols still occupied the prosperous Greenbrier Valley region of the new state. From its headquarters in Lewisburg, his army was the . . . — Map (db m34393) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Union CampPrelude to Battle of Droop Mountain
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
On November 5, 1863, Union Gen. William W. Averell established his command post and camp on the wide plain in front of you known as the Little Levels. Averell came here with his combined force of infantry and cavalry while conducting a raid on the . . . — Map (db m59356) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — William L. "Mudwall" Jackson19th & 20th Virginia Cavalry C.S.A. — November 3-5, 1863 —
On U.S. 219 at Steven Hole Run Road (County Route 219/8), on the right when traveling south on U.S. 219.
William L. "Mudwall" Jackson and the main body of the 19th Virginia Cavalry were in camp near Mill Point on November 3, 1863, when they received a message from Lt. George W. Siple, a Pocahontas County native in Capt. William L. McNeel's Company F, . . . — Map (db m34333) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Yankee Army CampNovember 5, 1863
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
John D. Sutton, 10th West Virginia Infantry, wrote, "The army went into camp in the levels between Mill Point and Hillsboro." These fields were later owned by 2nd Lt. Matthew John McNeel, Company F, 19th Virginia Cavalry, and the Capt. Edgar . . . — Map (db m34146) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hunterstown — Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand
On State Highway 39, on the right when traveling west.
This miniature anticline or upfold (Huntersville Arch) in the Tuscarora Sandstone shows the features of the larger structures which produce oil and gas. The "Tuscarora Sand" produces some gas although it is largely unexplored in West Virginia. — Map (db m34197) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Huntersville — Huntersville
On State Highway 39 at Huntersville Road (County Route 39/3), on the right when traveling east on State Highway 39.
Established in 1821. Early trading post here brought hunters and trappers and gave name to the town. In 1822, first county court met here at the home of John Bradshaw. Gen. Lee was encamped here in 1861. — Map (db m34196) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Huntersville — Huntersville Jail / Presbyterian Church
On State Highway 39 at Beaver Creek Road (County Route 21), on the right when traveling east on State Highway 39.
Huntersville JailHuntersville was the county seat of Pocahontas, 1821-1891. Jail was built about 1878 of white Medina sandstone and considered almost an escape-proof structure. It was used until county seat was moved to Marlinton in 1891. . . . — Map (db m34194) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Marlinton — Black Mountain Fire
On Highland Scenic Highway (West Virginia Route 150) 8.1 miles from Bruffey Reserve (West Virginia Route 39), on the right when traveling north.
You are standing on Black Mountain. This mountain and Big Spruce Mountain, to your left, were named for the giant spruce trees that once darkened their slopes. In the early 1900’s, loggers from eight camps in this valley hauled valuable spruce . . . — Map (db m34476) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Marlinton — Edray
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) at Back Mountain Road (County Route 1), on the left when traveling north on Seneca Trail.
Site of early settlement and fort of Thomas Drinnon. Scene of attacks by Indians in 1774 and 1778. To the east, on the land of Jacob Warwick, stood Fort Clover Lick, garrisoned during the Revolutionary War by Augusta County militia. — Map (db m34414) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Marlinton — Marlinton
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) at Jerico Road (County Route 19), on the left when traveling north on Seneca Trail.
(Front): The old Seneca Indian Trail from New York to Georgia may be seen at this point. During the French and Indian War, 18 settlers lost lives in vicinity. During Indian raids in 1779, 13 were killed and many were taken captive. . . . — Map (db m34402) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Marlinton — Marlinton: Heritage
Near 8th Street (West Virginia Route 39) at 4th Avenue.
Marlinton “There ain’t no G in MARLINTON!”…so wrote Andrew Price, the first mayor of Marlinton. The town gets its name from Jacob Marlin who arrived here in 1749 with Stephen Sewell and built a cabin near the mouth off the . . . — Map (db m58353) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Marlinton — More Than Meets The Eye
On Highland Scenic Highway (West Virginia Route 150) 6.4 miles north of Bruffey Reserve (West Virginia Route 39), on the right when traveling north.
From here you can see much of the Highland Scenic Highway and the Williams River Valley. The Monongahela National Forest was established in 1920 to protect mountain watersheds and to reduce flooding in far away cities. The forest is a protective . . . — Map (db m34475) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Mill Point — Anna Wallace
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near 219/39/55.
Home of Anna Wallace (1867-1952), in 1922 the first woman elected as Superintendent of Schools for Pocahontas County. Ten women were elected county superintendents in 1922, the first year WV women were able to run for that office after passage of . . . — Map (db m104285) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Mill Point — Mill Point
On U.S. 219 at State Highway 55, on the right when traveling north on U.S. 219.
Here in 1750 Stephen Sewell, a pioneer settler, camped. It was site of Fort Day, 1774. To the north James and John Bridger were killed in the Indian raids, 1778. Here James E.A. Gibbs invented the chain stitch sewing machine. — Map (db m34341) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Minnehaha Springs — Camp NorthwestJackson’s Huntersville Line
On West Virginia Route 92 at West Virginia Route 39, in the median on State Route 92.
Huntersville (three miles northwest of here) in January 1862. Camp Northwest became Confederate Col. William L. Jackson’s headquarters and a supply depot for the outposts under Jackson’s command. Called the Huntersville line, it stretched from the . . . — Map (db m58226) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Rimel — Rider Gap
On State Highway 39 at Mountain Road (Scenic County Road 55), on the right when traveling east on State Highway 39.
In this mountain gap, through which came early pioneers, Gen. W.W. Loring camped, 1861, with 10,000 Confederates. In July, Gen. Robert E. Lee succeeded him. North and south is the mountain road which offers a remarkable sky line drive. — Map (db m34198) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Rimel — West Virginia / Virginia
On State Highway 39 at Mountain Road (Scenic County Road 55), on the right when traveling east on State Highway 39.
(West Virginia Side):West Virginia (Pocahontas County)"The Mountain State" ~ western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and . . . — Map (db m34233) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Slatyfork — Lee's Headquarters
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) near Linwood (West Virginia Route 66), on the right when traveling south.
On this knoll, General Robert E. Lee maintained headquarters from July to September, 1861, after taking command of the Confederate forces in West Virginia. His army on Valley Mountain guarded the road leading south into Virginia. — Map (db m34365) HM

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