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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Mercer County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Mercer County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Mercer County, WV (35) McDowell County, WV (35) Raleigh County, WV (60) Summers County, WV (45) Wyoming County, WV (32) Bland County, VA (8) Giles County, VA (17) Tazewell County, VA (29)  MercerCounty(35) Mercer County (35)  McDowellCounty(35) McDowell County (35)  RaleighCounty(60) Raleigh County (60)  SummersCounty(45) Summers County (45)  WyomingCounty(32) Wyoming County (32)  BlandCountyVirginia(8) Bland County (8)  GilesCounty(17) Giles County (17)  TazewellCounty(29) Tazewell County (29)
Princeton is the county seat for Mercer County
Adjacent to Mercer County, West Virginia
      McDowell County (35)  
      Raleigh County (60)  
      Summers County (45)  
      Wyoming County (32)  
      Bland County, Virginia (8)  
      Giles County, Virginia (17)  
      Tazewell County, Virginia (29)  
 
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1West Virginia (Mercer County), Athens — Capt. J.H. French
Seventeen Years Principal of the Concord Normal School Died Dec. 11, 1891 ----- Honored and BelovedMap (db m161245) HM
2West Virginia (Mercer County), Athens — Concord University
Chartered as Concord State Normal School, February 28, 1872. Relocated in 1910 to present campus. In 1931 name changed to Concord State Teachers College, in 1943 to Concord College and in 2004 to Concord University.Map (db m161242) HM
3West Virginia (Mercer County), Athens — William French Home
One mile east is the former home of Colonel William Henderson French, (1812-1872), local legislator, land dealer and soldier. Elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1842, 1843 and 1845, French later became a Captain in the Confederate cavalry . . . Map (db m161243) HM
4West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — Andrew Davidson
Site of the pioneer cabin of Andrew Davidson. While he was absent, Indians burned his cabin, tomahawked his children, and captured his wife. Mrs. Davidson was sold to a Canadian family from whom she was ransomed.Map (db m89918) HM
5West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — Bluefield
Bluefield is on land which John Davidson patented in 1774. With Richard Bailey he built a fort about 1777. Later he was killed by the Indians. The home, built by Joseph Davidson in 1811, is still standing.Map (db m90455) HM
6West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — Bluefield State College
Established, 1895, by WV Legislature as Bluefield Colored Institute; 1929 became Bluefield State Teachers College. Renamed in 1943, Bluefield State College has continued providing quality higher education for all citizens of the area.Map (db m90505) HM
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7West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — Bluefield State Teacher’s College
Established as the Bluefield Colored Institute by act of the Legislature in 1895. Later the school became an institution of higher learning for Negroes. Renamed and given its present title in 1929.Map (db m90502) HM
8West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — Elizabeth Kee
The first woman elected to Congress from West Virginia. Born as Maude Etta Simpkins on June 7, 1895, she married Bluefield lawyer John Kee, who served in congress, 1932–1951. Employed 18 years as his secretary; elected to complete his term in 1951; . . . Map (db m1821) HM
9West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — The Birth of Pinnacle Rock State Park
In 1938, during the New Deal Era, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) constructed the park's first resources The roadside park began with the construction of the stone picnic shelter fireplace grills, an overlook two trails, the . . . Map (db m90586) HM
10West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluefield — West Virginia (Mercer County) / Mercer County                             
West Virginia (Mercer County) "The Mountain State"—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French . . . Map (db m105047) HM
11West Virginia (Mercer County), Bluewell — Pinnacle Rock
Erosion—Nature’s cutting tool—has chiseled away the stone on this spur of Flat Top Mountain, leaving this giant cockscomb more than 2700 feet above sea level. Several counties may be seen from these cliffs.Map (db m90566) HM
12West Virginia (Mercer County), Bramwell — Developing the Coal Field — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Stretching across western Mercer County through McDowell and southern Wyoming counties is the Pocahontas coalfield, one of the most productive, coal-bearing areas in the world. In this area, 6 seams of high-quality coal can be found close to the . . . Map (db m179086) HM
13West Virginia (Mercer County), Bramwell — Evolution of a Town — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Bramwell is situated on a horseshoe bend of the Bluestone River at the eastern edge of the Pocahontas coalfield. This was an ideal location for a town. It was close to the coalfield operations yet removed from the dirt and noise of the industry. . . . Map (db m179162) HM
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14West Virginia (Mercer County), Bramwell — Jordan Nelson’s Coal Bank
Jordan Nelson, blacksmith, dug coal from bank to fuel forge, and made 1st commercial use by selling for 1 cent a bushel in 1870s. In 1873 I. A. Welch surveyed Pocahontas Coalfield for J. Hotchkiss who induced F. J. Kimball, later President of N&W . . . Map (db m130241) HM
15West Virginia (Mercer County), Bramwell — The Coal Barons — National Coal Heritage Trail —
While the description of Bramwell as a town of millionaires can be viewed as an exaggeration, it did have a significant number of wealthy families. Their wealth was built largely upon the rapid growth of the Pocahontas coalfield and Bramwell’s . . . Map (db m179168) HM
16West Virginia (Mercer County), Bramwell — The Coming of the Railroad — National Coal Heritage Trail —
The development of the southern West Virginia coalfields Was dependent upon transportation, specifically the railroad. In 1881, Thomas Graham and a group of investors from Philadelphia purchased the unsuccessful Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio . . . Map (db m179097) HM
17West Virginia (Mercer County), Bramwell — The WorkersNational Coal Heritage Trail
Bramwell was not just the home to the owners and operators of the mines. The productive Pocahontas coalfield needed labor. Native Appalachians, immigrants of southern and eastern Europe and African-Americans from the agricultural south filled the . . . Map (db m179100) HM
18West Virginia (Mercer County), Camp Creek — Battle of Clark’s House
Near this site on May 1, 1862, Battle of the Henry Clark House occurred. Lt. Col. Rutherford B. Hayes’ 23rd Ohio Vol. Inf. engaged Confederates under Col. Walter Jenifer. Captain Richard B. Foley, commanding the “Flat Top Copperheads,” the “eyes and . . . Map (db m42173) HM
19West Virginia (Mercer County), Camp Creek — In Memory of Cornelius H. CharltonEast Gulf, West Virginia — 1929-1954 —
Sargent Cornelius H. Charlton, RA 12 265 405. Infantry United States Army, A member of Company C, 24th Infantry Regiment 25th infantry division, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty, in . . . Map (db m164736) HM WM
20West Virginia (Mercer County), Coopers — MR 1 — Bramwell
Called “Home of the Millionaires” when town’s fourteen represented the greatest per capita concentration in the U.S. Incorporated in 1889, Bramwell was the business and residential community for Pocahontas coalfield owners and operators such as J.H. . . . Map (db m1857) HM
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21West Virginia (Mercer County), Coopers — MR 2 — Mill Creek Coal & Coke Co.
John Cooper’s mine in Cooper section of Bramwell shipped 1st coal from W. Virginia’s valuable Pocahontas Coalfield over N&WRR on 4 Nov. 1884. The Coaldale, Caswell Creek & Booth-Bowen mines, operated by Cooper, Jones, Freeman, Booth & Bowen, were . . . Map (db m1858) HM
22West Virginia (Mercer County), Flat Top — Camp Jones
Here in 1862 was stationed the 23rd Ohio Regt., U.S.A. Encamped here were Gen. J.D. Cox, Maj. R.B. Hayes and Sergt. William McKinley. All became governors of Ohio; Hayes and McKinley became Presidents of the United States.Map (db m42175) HM
23West Virginia (Mercer County), Kegley — Feeding the Confederacy
During the Civil War, the Southern war effort relied on its agrarian economy to help support military operations. Although raiding and foraging occurred often, so too did business transactions between the Confederacy and local farmers. Former . . . Map (db m179170) HM
24West Virginia (Mercer County), Lilly Grove — Virginia / West Virginia Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Wythe County, Va Shelby G. Hensley • Kenneth Darrell Spencer • Stephen M Brumfield • Jesse Stephen Manuel Jr. • Edward D. Akers. • Larry Elbert Collins • Luther James Doss Jr. • Michael Eugene Gearheart Mercer County, Wv . . . Map (db m210490) WM
25West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — American Revolution Bicentennial Bell
From 1879 to 1929, this bell was rung to open court at the Mercer County Courthouse in Princeton. After the courthouse was dismantled in 1929, the bell was used as a dinner bell at the County poor farm at Gardner. Later discarded at the farm, the . . . Map (db m60030) HM
26West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — Battle of Pigeon's Roost
Near a hill south of town on May 17, 1862, Confederate troops led by Maj. Peter Otey surprised and routed a Union regiment commanded by Colonel Louis von Blessing. Federal losses were 18 killed, 56 wounded and 14 captured. Confederate losses were 1 . . . Map (db m37742) HM
27West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — Confederate Dead
Side A Erected to the Honor & Memory of the Confederate Soldiers of Mercer County, Virginia (now West Virginia) By the Members of Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp No. 1694-'Flat Top Copperheads’ & Parshandatha Foley Chapter of the Order . . . Map (db m161238) WM
28West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — McNutt HouseSole Survivor
This house, the home of physician Robert B. McNutt, is the only antebellum dwelling in Princeton. It survived the fire that Col. Walter H. Jenifer of the 8th Virginia Cavalry ignited on May 1, 1862, as he evacuated the town. Jenifer was . . . Map (db m37744) HM
29West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — Mercer Salt Works
The Mercer Salt Works, located at the junction of New River and Lick Creek, began operation in 1850 and supplied salt to the southern part of western Virginia through the use of free and slave labor. On August 10, 1862. troops under Col. Rutherford . . . Map (db m140096) HM
30West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — Napoleon Bonaparte French
Born in 1811, French represented Mercer County as delegate and later senator in the Virginia General Assembly. Although he voted against secession as a delegate to the 1861 Richmond Convention, he served in the Confederate Army. He led the 30th . . . Map (db m161236) HM
31West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — Princeton
Scene of several actions, May 1862, between Federal troops from General Cox's army and Confederate forces under Jenifer and Wharton. When the Confederates abandoned their camp here, the town was set on fire and partially burned.Map (db m34813) HM
32West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — Richard Blankenship
Richard Blankenship, Revolutionary War Soldier, was a member of Major James Robertson's company of New River Valley volunteers who fought at the Battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1774. He lived on a 33 acre farm 8 mi. southeast, at Ingleside, . . . Map (db m37738) HM
33West Virginia (Mercer County), Princeton — To The Memory of Gen. Hugh Mercer
To The Memory of Gen. Hugh Mercer 1725-1777 For Whom our County was NamedMap (db m193655) HM
34West Virginia (Mercer County), Rock — Mitchell Clay
Here Mitchell Clay settled in 1775. Eight years later Indians killed two of his children and captured his son Ezekiel. Pursuers killed several of the Indians but the boy was taken into Ohio and burned at the stake.Map (db m117993) HM
35West Virginia (Mercer County), Yards — West Virginia (Mercer County) / Mercer County
West Virginia (Mercer County) "The Mountain State"—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French . . . Map (db m90595) HM
 
 
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Dec. 6, 2022