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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Alexander County, Illinois

 
Clickable Map of Alexander County, Illinois and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Alexander County, IL (34) Pulaski County, IL (13) Union County, IL (19) Ballard County, KY (14) Cape Girardeau County, MO (88) Mississippi County, MO (7) Scott County, MO (6)  AlexanderCounty(34) Alexander County (34)  PulaskiCounty(13) Pulaski County (13)  UnionCounty(19) Union County (19)  BallardCountyKentucky(14) Ballard County (14)  CapeGirardeauCountyMissouri(88) Cape Girardeau County (88)  MississippiCounty(7) Mississippi County (7)  ScottCounty(6) Scott County (6)
Cairo is the county seat for Alexander County
Adjacent to Alexander County, Illinois
      Pulaski County (13)  
      Union County (19)  
      Ballard County, Kentucky (14)  
      Cape Girardeau County, Missouri (88)  
      Mississippi County, Missouri (7)  
      Scott County, Missouri (6)  
 
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1 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — "Proceeding On"
In November, 1803, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark and their growing contingent of "Corps of Discovery" men, spent five days here teaching each other celestial navigation and surveying skills. Using a sextant, octant, artificial horizon, and . . . Map (db m19393) HM
2 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — African American Troops in the Civil WarUnited States Colored Troops (USCT)
On May 22, 1863, the United States War Department issued General Order No. 143 to establish the proclamation which developed the Bureau of Colored Troops. African American regiments as United States Colored Troops or USCT. This division of . . . Map (db m216318) HM WM
3 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Cairo ConnectionLand & Water Routes — Fort Defiance Park —
Early removal plans called for transporting Cherokee by boat to Indian Territory. The first three detachments passed by here on steamships in the summer of 1838 as they descended the Ohio River. With low water levels and impassable shoals preventing . . . Map (db m161480) HM
4 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Cairo, Illinois
Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix, a French Jesuit, reported as early as 1721 that the land at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers would be a strategic location for settlement and fortification. Nearly a century later, in 1818, the . . . Map (db m144870) HM
5 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Critical River ConfluenceWhere the Ohio & Mississippi Meet — Fort Defiance Park —
Home to thousands of men, women, and children, the Cherokee Nation at the time of removal spread across parts of today's Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama. The 1830 Indian Removal Act required that the Cherokee and other southeastern . . . Map (db m161483) HM
6 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Duncan Cannon
William B. Duncan, Chairman of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, presented this Rodman smooth bore cannon to the city of Cairo as a gift, May 27, 1905. The gun saw action for both sides of the Civil War at Fort Morgan, Mobile, Alabama, in 1861, to protect . . . Map (db m19423) HM
7 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Great River Road Illinois Reported unreadable
Great River Road The Great River Road in Illinois follows the Mississippi River through the heart of the nation. Discover exciting history, thriving river cultures, beautiful natural areas, abundant wildlife, and bountiful agriculture as you . . . Map (db m174555) HM
8 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Historical Survey Marker
The beginning of the Third Principal Meridian is located in the Ohio River 1,735 feet directly north of this point. In November, 1803, this was the mouth of the Ohio River. At this location, the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery encamped for six . . . Map (db m19415) HM
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9 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Lewis & ClarkCorps of Discovery
Charting the Confluence On November 14, 1803, at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, the Corps of Discovery stayed for six days, one of the longest stops made by the expedition. Here, they saw the Mississippi for the first time, . . . Map (db m19413) HM
10 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Lewis and Clark in Illinois
On November 14, 1803, Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and their party landed at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, the site of the present day Cairo. They spent nearly a week here, learning how to determine longitude and latitude, a . . . Map (db m19419) HM
11 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Magnolia Manor
Built 1869 Has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places By the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m207787) HM
12 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Mary J. Safford"Cairo's Angel" — 1831-1891 —
First woman in the West to organize camp and hospital relief. Under Gen. Grant's personal command Mary Safford tended the wounded at the battles from Belmont to Shiloh 1861-1862, returning with the casualties by boat to Cairo. Being injured in . . . Map (db m161200) HM
13 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — President Clinton Visits Cairo, IllinoisAugust 30, 1996
President William Jefferson Clinton, 42nd President of The United States accompanied by his wife, Hillary and Vice President and Mrs. Albert Gore, Jr. spoke to a crowd of over 6000 in Cairo, Illinois at The Cairo Public Library on Friday, August 30, . . . Map (db m161195) HM
14 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Riverlore
This 1865 mansion, originally built by William Halliday, was purchased by the City of Cairo Nov. 23, 1999, to be preserved and open to the public; it has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.Map (db m188714) HM
15 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — Seaman
The Newfoundland dog who accompanied the Corps of Discovery to the Pacific and back bought by Meriwether Lewis for $20 in Pittsburgh in 1803. He was "praised much for his docility and qualifications generally for my journey". A quote by Lewis, "He . . . Map (db m161201) HM
16 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — St. Patrick Catholic ChurchEstablished 1838 — (Present building constructed 1894) —
This property placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m234741) HM
17 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The "Big Subway Gate"
The "Big Subway Gate" was constructed in 1914 by Stupp Brothers of St. Louis, MO. The gate was built on the plan of the Gatum Dam at the Panama Canal and weighs 80 tons, is 60 ft. wide, 24 ft. high and 5 ft. thick. The counter weights used to raise . . . Map (db m195776) HM
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18 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Beginning of the Third Principal Meridian
The beginning of the Third Principal Meridian is located in the Ohio River 1,810 feet directly north of this point. In November, 1803, this was the mouth of the Ohio River. At this location, the Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery encamped for six . . . Map (db m19420) HM
19 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Cairo Custom House1872
. . . Map (db m194715) HM
20 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Cairo Public Library
Safford Memorial Building 1883 Placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m194717) HM
21 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Historic First Presbyterian Church
Built 1894 has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m194728) HM
22 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Meeting of the Rivers
Long known to the Indian who used the two great rivers as his highways for trade and war, this junction of the Ohio and the Mississippi was first sighted by Europeans when Marquette and Joliet glided past in 1673. Ten years later La Salle explored . . . Map (db m19390) HM
23 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Mississippi River BridgeCairo, Illinois - Birds Point, Missouri — Erected by the Cairo Bridge & Terminal Company - 1929 —
Purchased in the public interest March 24, 1942 by the Cairo Bridge Commission The bridge was operated and maintained by the commission until May 22, 1954 when, as a result of the untiring efforts of many public spirited citizens, the . . . Map (db m174560) HM
24 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — The Ohio River BridgeCairo, Illinois - Wickliffe, Kentucky
Completed November 11, 1933 Freed of Tolls November 11, 1948 by The Cairo Bridge Commission The Ohio River Bridge was conceived and built in the public interest by the Cairo Bridge Commission with the cooperation of the Federal Emergency . . . Map (db m19421) HM
25 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — World War I Memorial
. . . Map (db m194726) WM
26 Illinois, Alexander County, Cairo — York the Slave
York was the first known African American to cross the American continent. In the company of the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery, from 1803-1806, he shared equally with them the rigors of the journey, but when the corps was honored, he received . . . Map (db m41063) HM
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27 Illinois, Alexander County, McClure — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette explored the Illinois country for France. By the 1763 Treaty ending the French and Indian War, this area passed to England. During the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark's men captured it for . . . Map (db m161171) HM
28 Illinois, Alexander County, Olive Branch — London School
This memorial recognizes the 109 year legacy of Rev. Nathan London, born a slave in 1830. Known then as "Nate Lundy", he distinguished himself, attaining the rank of sergeant and assistant paymaster in the Union army during the Civil War. His . . . Map (db m40405) HM
29 Illinois, Alexander County, Olive Branch — New Hope Missionary Baptist Church
The church, founded by Rev. Nathan London in 1882, was located near this section of road. The cornerstone, unearthed a few yards west, was donated by his family to the Cairo custom house.Map (db m40409) HM
30 Illinois, Alexander County, Olive Branch — Ole London Farm
In 1879, Nathan London, of St. Louis, bought this 20 acre land tract. His son, Filmore, was deeded the land. Now the Jos. Blakemore family owns it. Ruth B. Chambers, only living grandchild, was honored here, Labor Day, 1999.Map (db m40411) HM
31 Illinois, Alexander County, Thebes — Lewis and Clark in Illinois
In November of 1803, Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and their party camped on the slate rock bank of the Mississippi River near here. They found moving the boats up river very difficult and traveled only about one mile per hour against the strong . . . Map (db m161185) HM
32 Illinois, Alexander County, Thebes — Old Thebes Courthouse1848
Placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m194729) HM
33 Illinois, Alexander County, Thebes — Steamboats on the Mississippi River
In 1817 the Zebulon M. Pike reached St. Louis, the northern-most steamboat port on the Mississippi River. The western steamboat of later years was a credit to the frontier American mechanic who drew upon experience to build a large craft (eventually . . . Map (db m161177) HM
34 Illinois, Alexander County, Urbandale — Cairo, Illinois
Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix, a French Jesuit, reported as early as 1721 that the land at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers would be a strategic location for settlement and fortification. Nearly a century later, in 1818, . . . Map (db m161727) HM
 
 
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Jun. 12, 2024