“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Sioux County, Nebraska

Clickable Map of Sioux County, Nebraska and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Sioux County, NE (25) Box Butte County, NE (3) Dawes County, NE (34) Scotts Bluff County, NE (45) Fall River County, SD (21) Goshen County, WY (69) Niobrara County, WY (20)  SiouxCounty(25) Sioux County (25)  BoxButteCounty(3) Box Butte County (3)  DawesCounty(34) Dawes County (34)  ScottsBluffCounty(45) Scotts Bluff County (45)  FallRiverCountySouth Dakota(21) Fall River County (21)  GoshenCountyWyoming(69) Goshen County (69)  NiobraraCounty(20) Niobrara County (20)
Harrison is the county seat for Sioux County
Adjacent to Sioux County, Nebraska
      Box Butte County (3)  
      Dawes County (34)  
      Scotts Bluff County (45)  
      Fall River County, South Dakota (21)  
      Goshen County, Wyoming (69)  
      Niobrara County, Wyoming (20)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — A Slice Through Time
The face of this cliff reveals a chronology of geologic events as well as clues about animals and habitat. Halfway up the cliff face are a series of vertical spiral shapes. First called "devil's corkscrews" (Daemonelix) by local ranchers, these . . . Map (db m202240) HM
2 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Agate Springs Ranch
Ample water from the Niobrara River, protective bluffs, and good grazing land made this an ideal place for a ranch. Established in 1879, it was one of the first ranches in the frontier territory of Sioux County. By the early 1900s, it encompassed . . . Map (db m202236) HM
3 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — An Ancient Waterhole
Nineteen million years ago this was a waterhole in the midst of a wide, shallow river valley. Vegetation was sparse. Occasional clouds of volcanic dust thickened the air and extreme drought conditions prevailed. This waterhole was the lifeblood for . . . Map (db m202255) HM
4 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Beardog
In 1981 while excavating a nearby hill, Dr. Robert Hunt of the University of Nebraska uncovered a large carnivore den complex. The dens had been mainly inhabited by wolf-sized animals called beardogs, the largest carnivores in existence 19 million . . . Map (db m202267) HM
5 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Bone Cabin
Harold J. Cook, son of James H. Cook, built this homestead cabin in the early 1900s. He called it East Agate, or "the lower ranch." Fearful that the Carnegie Museum was about to claim the land, his homestead established ownership rights for the Cook . . . Map (db m202245) HM
6 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Chalicotheres
Unlike the shallow bank exposed at University Hill, this end of the waterhole had a steep bank about three feet high. Here in the deeper part of the waterhole, thick deposits of undisturbed bones were found, including about twenty chalicotheres . . . Map (db m202261) HM
7 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Daemonelix
Between 1891 and 1904, research teams from the University of Nebraska and the Carnegie Museum excavated many of the Daemonelix spirals. At first thought to be the fossil remains of gigantic plants, they were later identified as the . . . Map (db m202243) HM
8 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Exploring the Niobrara
"Shade this all dark with a light sky," Lieutenant Gouverneur K. Warren wrote about the sketch below, "and you have its appearance at sunset." Warren drew this sketch of the ridge in the distance on August 16, 1857, while exploring the upper . . . Map (db m202253) HM
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9 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Footprints in the Mud
This rock face cuts through the shallow north bank of the waterhole. The contorted sediment layers were produced by the feet of mammals walking through the waterhole. The thin white mud layer records several such footprints or tracks. The viscous . . . Map (db m202254) HM
10 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Guests from Pine Ridge
Based on his friendship with Chief Red Cloud and others, James Cook regularly invited Lakota families from the Pine Ridge Reservation to stay at Agate Springs Ranch. Arriving by wagon and horseback, they made the 150-mile, one-week journey almost . . . Map (db m202237) HM
11 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Historic Excavations
The 1904-1923 excavations took place on this trail around University and Carnegie Hills. The trail along the hillsides is at the same level as the waterhole bonebed. Many large bonebed slabs were excavated from this level. Those excavations . . . Map (db m202259) HM
12 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Menoceras
This is the southwestern edge of the prehistoric waterhole. The bones of an ancient two-horned rhinoceros called Menoceras were found in enormous numbers during the excavations conducted here. It is believed that these rhinoceroses were . . . Map (db m202263) HM
13 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Quarry A
Behind this ridge is the site of Quarry A, the first scientific excavation conducted at Agate. In 1904, Olaf Peterson of the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh found fossil bones of many rhinoceroses, most of them from the large, heavy-bodied . . . Map (db m202258) HM
14 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — The Gift of Friendship
During this time of scientific exploration, other gatherings took place at James Cook's Agate Springs Ranch. Red Cloud, an Oglala Lakota leader, and many of his friends and family often made the 150-mile trip by wagon to visit from the Pine Ridge . . . Map (db m202252) HM
15 Nebraska, Sioux County, Agate — Two Cultures, One Land
During the time of scientific exploration, other gatherings took place at Agate Springs Ranch. Red Cloud of the Oglala Lakota and many of his friends and family members would make the 150-mile trip by wagon from the Pine Ridge Reservation. While . . . Map (db m202227) HM
16 Nebraska, Sioux County, Crawford — GrassrootsHow National Grasslands Came To Be
America's prairies experienced dramatic change when thousands of families migrated west, encouraged by a series of "Homestead Acts." These acts required prospective owners to manage their lands based on farming and grazing practices in . . . Map (db m174962) HM
17 Nebraska, Sioux County, Crawford — Landscape in Layers
An immense geologic record of the earth's activity is exposed in this region of the Great Plains. Ninety million years ago, this area was a vast inland sea. Seventy five million years ago, the uplifts of the Rocky Mountains and Black Hills caused . . . Map (db m174949) HM
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18 Nebraska, Sioux County, Fort Robinson State Park — 86 — The Cheyenne Outbreak
On September 9, 1878, after a year of suffering on an Oklahoma reservation, some 300 Northern Cheyenne Indians began a trek back to their homeland. Dull Knife's band of 149 Indians were captured and taken to Fort Robinson. For months they refused to . . . Map (db m9594) HM
19 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — Battle of Warbonnet Creek Monument
Site where seven companies of the Fifth U.S. Cavalry under Col. Wesley Merritt intercepted 800 Cheyennes and Sioux en route to join Indians in the north July 17, 1876 The Cheyennes and Sioux were driven back to the Red . . . Map (db m173965) HM WM
20 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — 260 — Coffee Siding
Large pioneer ranches were established in this region of Nebraska in the 1870's and early 1880's. Charles F. Coffee was one of these pioneers, with ranch headquarters on Hat Creek in Nebraska and Rawhide Creek in Wyoming. By June, 1886, the Fremont, . . . Map (db m9584) HM
21 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — 158 — Fort Laramie - Fort Robinson Trail
Near here are ruts left by the famed 1874 Sioux Expedition, a U.S. military force sent to establish Camps Sheridan and Robinson. The 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie had guaranteed food and supplies to the Sioux and other tribes in exchange for lands . . . Map (db m135119) HM
22 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — Fossil Hills TrailAgate Fossil Beds National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The hills held ancient secrets for paleontologists. The two hills in the distance don’t look like anything special. Even up close the untrained eye will see nothing astounding. But a sandstone layer near the bases of the hills has yielded one of the . . . Map (db m62064) HM
23 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — The Innovation of Early Homesteaders
This sod house is a replica of one built at this site by Kenneth Pelren and Segard Anderson in 1930. Clay soil held together by a tenacious root system was plowed from the prairie and stacked in a manner similar to modern brick construction. . . . Map (db m185043) HM
24 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — 302 — Village of Harrison
A railroad camp named Summit (elev. 4876 ft.) was located on this site in 1884. When the Fremont, Elkhorn, and Missouri Valley Railroad reached here in 1886, an unincorporated townsite named Bowen was platted and designated the county seat of Sioux . . . Map (db m9593) HM
25 Nebraska, Sioux County, Harrison — Yellow Hand Monument
. . . Map (db m173962) HM WM
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Jun. 7, 2023