“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lexington, Virginia

Clickable Map of Lexington, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Lexington Ind. City, VA (51) Rockbridge County, VA (42)  Lexington(51) Lexington (51)  RockbridgeCounty(42) Rockbridge County (42)
Location of Lexington
    Lexington (51)
    Rockbridge County (42)
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1Virginia, Lexington — "The Castle"
The "Castle" was built of limestone, and as in the case of several other stone buildings in Rockbridge County, the term "Castle" is included in the name of the buildings. The Northern two-thirds of the "Castle" was built shortly after the town of . . . Map (db m152583) HM
2Virginia, Lexington — Barracks     The Virginia Military Institute
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. U. S. . . . Map (db m58620) HM
3Virginia, Lexington — Campbell House, ca. 1845Historic Lexington
Andrew Reid purchased this lot in 1784 from the town’s trustees. Later, between 1844 and 1845, Alexander T. Sloan, a local hotel owner and businessman, built this house. His wife reported that the site was a “rough and unsightly piece of . . . Map (db m58734) HM
4Virginia, Lexington — Cincinnatus Citizen-Soldier
VMI and the Citizen – Soldier The Virginia Military Institute program is based on the concept of the citizen - soldier, a man prepared to take his place in civilian life but trained and ready for military leadership in time of national . . . Map (db m58850) HM
5Virginia, Lexington — Colonel Claudius Crozet
Born in France   Dec. 31, 1789 Died in Virginia   Jan. 29, 1864 Soldier   Scholar   Educator   Engineer Chairman of the first Board of Visitors V. M. I. 1837       1845Map (db m58849) HM
6Virginia, Lexington — Cyrus Hall McCormick1809 • • • 1884
Native of RockBridge County Virginia He liberated agriculture befriended education and advanced the cause of religion Trustee and benefactor of Washington and Lee UniversityMap (db m58713) HM
7Virginia, Lexington — I-30 — Founding of Kappa Alpha Order
One half mile east, students at Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) founded Kappa Alpha in 1865. The fraternity held its first meetings on campus, at the Lexington Hotel, and at the Ann Smith Academy. Members modeled their . . . Map (db m105103) HM
8Virginia, Lexington — General Lee’s Beloved Traveller
In Memory of General Lee’s Beloved Traveller Rarely has an animal captured so much affection. Traveller, first called Jeff Davis and later Greenbrier, was born in 1857 near Blue Sulphur Springs (now in West Virginia). In 1862, Lee purchased him . . . Map (db m58695) HM
9Virginia, Lexington — General Lemuel C. Shepherd Jr.
U.S.M.C. VMI 1917 Combat Veteran World Wars I and II – Korea Commandant U.S. Marine Corps Chairman VMI Foundation Presented by Bruce B. Cameron   VMI 1938Map (db m58743) HM
10Virginia, Lexington — George C. MarshallV.M.I. Class of 1901
General of the Army George Catlett Marshall was born December 31, 1880, at Uniontown, Pennsylvania. After graduating from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901 as First Captain of the Corps of Cadets, he spent fifty years in the active . . . Map (db m58740) HM
11Virginia, Lexington — George Catlett Marshall
The Virginia Military Institute is a school that has given to the United States and to the armed services many of its most distinguished members. Among these is a man who in World War II stood out as one of the great soldiers and later as one of . . . Map (db m58704) HM
12Virginia, Lexington — George Washington
The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia have caused this Statue to be erected as a monument of affection and gratitude toGeorge Washingtonwho uniting to the endowments of the Hero, the virtues of the Patriot, and exerting both in . . . Map (db m58708) HM
13Virginia, Lexington — Hotchkiss House
Farris P. Hotchkiss received his B.A. from Washington and Lee University in 1958. He was a member of Beta Theta Pi, Phi Eta Sigma, the freshman honorary society and Omicron Delta Kappa leadership fraternity; editor of the Calyx yearbook; and . . . Map (db m58745) HM
14Virginia, Lexington — Jackson’s Classroom
This second story room and those immediately to the right and left of this plaque composed the classroom used by Major Thomas Jonathan Jackson when he served as Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the Virginia Military Institute . . . Map (db m58619) HM
15Virginia, Lexington — Jackson's Garden
This backyard kitchen garden provided the household with a variety of flowers, fruit and vegetables. Major Jackson reported in an 1860 letter that the garden included, “lima beans, snap beans, carrots, parsnips, salsify, onions, cabbage, . . . Map (db m15640) HM
16Virginia, Lexington — I-24 — John Chavis
John Chavis (1763 – 1838), a free-born African-American veteran of the American Revolution was a native of Granville County, North Carolina. He was also one of the first college-educated men of color in the United States. Chavis studied at . . . Map (db m58608) HM
17Virginia, Lexington — John Robinson
. . . Map (db m58744) HM
18Virginia, Lexington — Jordan’s PointA day I will never forget . . . ” Margaret Junkin Preston diary, June 12, 1864
On this spot, in the early morning hours of Saturday, June 11, 1864, Confederate General John McCausland and about 1,500 gray-clad soldiers lined the riverbank between a cedar thicket and the warehouses that cluttered the canal landing. They . . . Map (db m58589) HM
19Virginia, Lexington — Korean War* Roll of Honor * — 25 July 1950 – 27 July 1953 —
In remembrance of VMI alumni who made the ultimate sacrifice while serving their country. First Lieutenant John Olin Bates, Jr., ’47, USA • First Lieutenant James Desmond Carey, ’51, USAF • First Lieutenant John Adam Dille, Jr., ‘48B, USA • Major . . . Map (db m58860) HM
20Virginia, Lexington — Last Home of Traveller
The last home of Traveller Through war and peace the faithful, devoted and beloved horse of General Robert E. Lee Placed by the Virginia Division United Daughters of ConfederacyMap (db m58609) HM
21Virginia, Lexington — Lee-Jackson House
. . . Map (db m58692) HM
22Virginia, Lexington — Lexington”Shells went through the houses”
Hunter's Raid (Preface):On May 26, 1864, Union Gen. David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His . . . Map (db m4809) HM
23Virginia, Lexington — Liberty Hall Academy1782 - 1803
Washington and Lee University traces its origins to Augusta Academy, a small classical school established din 1749 by Scotch-Irish pioneers some twenty mile north of Lexington. In 1776, the patriotic fervor of the American Revolution caused Augusta . . . Map (db m32111) HM
24Virginia, Lexington — I-22 — Liberty Hall Academy Ruins
Just north stand the ruins of Liberty Hall Academy's stone academic building, which was constructed in 1793. Founded in 1749 near Greenville as Augusta Academy, the school was reestablished in 1776 at Timber Ridge and patriotically renamed Liberty . . . Map (db m32109) HM
25Virginia, Lexington — Little Sorrel
War horse of Gen. T. J. Jackson Placed by Virginia Division United Daughters of the Confederacy July 30, 1997Map (db m58697) HM
26Virginia, Lexington — Lot One-Lexington
In October 1777, The Virginia legislature drafted a bill to create a new county out of Augusta and Botetourt. The new county was named Rockbridge, for the natural stone bridge located within its boundaries. The same act gave details to establish the . . . Map (db m67249) HM
27Virginia, Lexington — Lt. Gen. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson 1824-1863
Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson is best known for his leadership of Confederate troops during the American Civil War, and especially for his celebrated Valley Campaign of 1862. Thomas Jackson was a country boy from (West) Virginia who . . . Map (db m15637) HM
28Virginia, Lexington — Morris House
The Joella & Stewart Morris House of Washington and Lee University Built 1842 as a faculty home. Restored 1986 as the University guest center by Mr. & Mrs. Morris of Houston, TexasMap (db m58711) HM
29Virginia, Lexington — I 22-a — Original African American Cemetery
Near the intersection of Washington and Lewis Streets stood the original burial ground for Lexington's substantial free black community and slaves dating to the early 1800's. The majority of the original burials were in unmarked graves and no . . . Map (db m23800) HM
30Virginia, Lexington — Rockaway
A rockaway is a low, four wheeled pleasure carriage with a standing top, open at the sides. It is named for the town of Rockaway, New Jersey, where they were originally made. Jackson probably bought his rockaway in 1859, possibly from the local . . . Map (db m15641) HM
31Virginia, Lexington — Sigma Nu Fraternity
Founded at Virginia Military Institute January 1, 1869 on a rock ledge formerly located 65 yards north west of this spot Cadet Founders James Frank Hopkins Greenfield Quarles James McIlvaine Riley Erected August 25, 1935 during the Twenty-seventh . . . Map (db m58710) HM
32Virginia, Lexington — Stonewall Jackson
The Virginia Military Institute will be heard from today. General Jackson at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863 [ Lower Marker: ] The 1990 restoration of the Jackson statue was made possible by the descendants of William Bradford Ryland, . . . Map (db m58698) HM
33Virginia, Lexington — The Alexander-Withrow House, ca. 1793Historic Lexington
The Alexander-Withrow House is one of the oldest surviving structures in Lexington. Dating from ca. 1793, it was built by William Alexander one of the area’s first settlers and the town’s first postmaster. A large and distinctive building, with . . . Map (db m58736) HM
34Virginia, Lexington — The Cabell House
Dedicated to the memory of William Henry Cabell Cadet First Sergeant, Co. D. VMI Class of 1865 killed at the Battle of New Market May 15, 1864 Established by his descendantsMap (db m58749) HM
35Virginia, Lexington — The Cadet Battery
(Original Plaque): These smooth-bore six-pounder cannon were received at V.M.I. early in June, 1848, and were especially cast lighter than standard, at Watervleit Arsenal. Each bears the seal of Virginia. They were used in war by the Richmond . . . Map (db m42966) HM
36Virginia, Lexington — The Castle, ca. 1790Historic Lexington
Andrew Reid, the first clerk of Rockbridge County court, built the Castle in the early 1790s to serve as his law office. Fortunately, he also kept the county court records here, and thus the heavy fieldstone walls protected them from the 1796 fire . . . Map (db m152584) HM
37Virginia, Lexington — The Fame of Stonewall Jackson
Field Marshal the Right Honorable Viscount Wolseley, K.P., G.C.B., G.M., G.C.M.G. British soldier of the highest rank, says: “The fame of Stonewall Jackson is no longer the exclusive property of Virginia and the South; it has become the . . . Map (db m165934) HM
38Virginia, Lexington — The Jacob Ruff House, ca. 1829Historic Lexington
This house is a fine example of the Valley Federal style with elegant detailing including the fanlight over the front door and a molded brick cornice. When the streets were lowered in 1851, the entrance was reoriented to the side. The Ruff Family . . . Map (db m58732) HM
39Virginia, Lexington — The Sloan House, ca. 1844-45Historic Lexington
Alexander T. Sloan and his wife, prominent local hotel keepers, bought the land at the corner of Randolph and Washington Streets in 1844 and proceeded to build their “mansion house” and several “tenements.” This house, at . . . Map (db m58735) HM
40Virginia, Lexington — The Stonewall Jackson House
This typical Federal-style town house, with a later stone addition, was the home of Thomas Jonathan Jackson and his wife, Mary Anna. They lived here with five of their six slaves before the Civil War. After her husband’s death in 1863, Mrs. . . . Map (db m15638) HM
41Virginia, Lexington — Traveller’s Grave
Traveller Horse of Gen. Robert E. Lee Placed by Virginia Div UDC May 8, 1971 [ Second Marker : ] Traveller’s Grave This renovation and landscaping honors Anne Wilson in appreciation for her service to Washington and Lee as the . . . Map (db m58611) HM
42Virginia, Lexington — I-1 — Virginia Military InstituteA National Historic Landmark
The nation's first state military college, VMI was founded in 1839 on the concept of the citizen-soldier. The Corps of Cadets fought as a unit in the 1864 Battle of New Market. Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson and oceanographer Matthew . . . Map (db m32100) HM
43Virginia, Lexington — I-1 — Virginia Military Institute
A state military, engineering and arts college, founded in 1839. Graduates of it have taken a prominent part in every war since the Mexican War, 2,000 of them serving in the World War. The cadets fought as a corps at New Market in 1864. Among the . . . Map (db m50376) HM
44Virginia, Lexington — Virginia Military InstituteThe Nation’s First State-Sponsored Military College
Virginia Military Institute was founded in 1839, becoming the nation’s first state-sponsored military college. Consistently ranked among America’s best undergraduate colleges, VMI educates the citizen-soldier by offering a rigorous academic program . . . Map (db m58864) HM
45Virginia, Lexington — Virginia Military Institute Historic District
. . . Map (db m58621) HM
46Virginia, Lexington — Virginia Mourning Her Dead
Company A. Henry A. Wise, Jr.,   Captain Commanding. C. H. Minge,   Cadet Captain. W. C. Hardy,   Lieutenant • W. Morson,   Lieutenant • E. M. Ross,   Sergeant • W. B. Shaw,   Sergeant • W. T. Duncan,   Sergeant • J. Douglass,   Sergeant • H. . . . Map (db m143960) HM
47Virginia, Lexington — VMI World War II Memorial
Men of the Virginia Military Institute who died in the Armed Services in World War II   1941 – 1946 Reid Stanley Aaron   Va. 1940 • Hawes Netherlands Adams   N.J. 1943 • James Rivers Adams   Va. 1931 • George David Akers   Va. 1948 – A • . . . Map (db m63836) WM
48Virginia, Lexington — I-8 — Washington and Lee University
Founded, 1749, as Augusta Academy, near Greenville; reestablished at Timber Ridge, May, 1776, as Liberty Hall Academy; moved to Lexington and chartered as a college, 1782; endowed by George Washington, 1796, and named for him. Under presidency, . . . Map (db m12271) HM
49Virginia, Lexington — Washington and Lee University
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. U. S. . . . Map (db m58613) HM
50Virginia, Lexington — William Graham1746 - 1799
Was the founder and first rector of Liberty Hall Academy which was later to become Washington and Lee University. He was first buried in the churchyard of St. John’s Church, Richmond, VA. In 1911 his remains were brought to Lexington and now lie . . . Map (db m58696) HM
51Virginia, Lexington — A-42 — William Henry Ruffner
William Henry Ruffner, educational reformer, clergyman, and geologist, was born in Lexington on 11 Feb. 1824. After pursuing careers as a preacher and a geological surveyor, he was appointed in 1870 as Virginia's first superintendent of public . . . Map (db m23806) HM
52Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Alben W. Barkley
KY Congressman 35th V.P. USA died while speaking 1956 W&L mock conventionMap (db m108021) HM
53Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-52 — Birthplace of Sam Houston
In a cabin on the hilltop to the east Sam Houston was born, March 2, 1793. As commander-in-chief of the Texas army, he won the battle of San Jacinto, which secured Texan independence, April 21, 1836. He was President of Texas, 1836-1838, 1841-1844; . . . Map (db m32087) HM
54Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Birthplace of Sam Houston
On March 2, 1793, the noted soldier and statesman Sam Houston was born in a log cabin on a nearby knoll. Houston served with distinction in the U.S. Army and later as a congressman and governor of Tennessee before moving to Texas in the 1830s. In . . . Map (db m32089) HM
55Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — R-63 — Falling Spring Presbyterian Church
The oldest congregation in the Fincastle Presbytery, the Falling Spring Presbyterian Church, was organized before 1748. The Hanover Presbytery met here in October, 1780. The present Gothic Revival church was constructed of slave-made brick during . . . Map (db m165888) HM
56Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Hopkins Green
This public park is part of the original Lot #34 of the Town of Lexington laid out in the spring of 1778. Purchased in 1788 by James Hopkins, this corner remained in the Hopkins family for almost 200 years - until 1984 - when it was deeded to the . . . Map (db m108023) HM
57Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Jane Todd Crawford
Jane Todd, pioneer heroine of abdominal surgery, was born 12-23-1763 just west of here across Whistle Creek near Todd’s Mill. She married Thomas Crawford in 1794. In 1809 she rode 60 Mi. on horseback to the home of Dr. Ephraim McDowell in Danville, . . . Map (db m32137) HM
58Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-44 — Liberty Hall Academy
This school, which was founded in 1777 and finally grew into Washington and Lee University, stood a short distance to the southwest of this point.Map (db m32083) HM
59Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — L-8 — New Monmouth Church and Morrison’s Birthplace
This is the site of the first church, built 1746. Just northeast was the birthplace of William McCutchan Morrison, born, 1867, died, 1918. A missionary to the Belgian Congo, he translated the Bible into native languages and exposed conditions there. . . . Map (db m122189) HM
60Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Q 11-a — Stonewall Jackson House
Future Confederate Lt. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and his second wife, Mary Anna Morrison, owned a house on Washington Street from 1859 to 1861, while he taught at the Virginia Military Institute. It is the only house he ever owned. A . . . Map (db m32099) HM
61Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-49 — Thorn Hill Estate
Home of Colonel John Bowyer, an officer in the Revolutionary War, and of General E.F. Paxton, commander of the Stonewall Brigade, killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863.Map (db m67318) HM
62Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-46 — Timber Ridge Church
This Presbyterian Church was built in 1756, nineteen years after the first settlement in Rockbridge County.Map (db m122188) HM
Apr. 15, 2021