Engineer James B. Francis knew that the city of Lowell needed protection from floods. He studied the Merrimack River and understood the dangers of flooding introduced by the canals flowing through the city. The Guard Locks controlled the normal . . . — — Map (db m48418) HM
In 1864, the Lowell Daily Courier reported that "all the cotton manufactories of any importance in this city have been quiet as the grave."
The outbreak of the Civil War severed the supply of slave-produced cotton. Many of Lowell's corporations . . . — — Map (db m117855) HM
Born October 30, 1835 Rockland Maine. Died April 13, 1933 Ormond Florida.
Major General, U.S. Senator, Governor.
Married June 20, 1870 Blanche Butler, daughter of Benjamin Franklin Butler and Sarah Hildreth. Born Lowell Mass. March 1, 1847, . . . — — Map (db m129906) HM WM
Jurist, Soldier Statesman, Patriot-His talents were devoted to the service of his country and the advancement of his fellow men.
Born November 5, 1818 Deerfield New Hampshire, married May 16, 1844 Sarah, daughter of Israel Hildreth, Lowell . . . — — Map (db m108045) HM WM
Wannalancit Mills blended the old with the new. Formed in the late 1920s, Wannalancit moved into the aging Suffolk Mills two decades later and adapted surplus machinery for the production of new types of fabrics—rayon, polyester, and . . . — — Map (db m117820) HM
Before suburban shopping malls began springing up in the mid-20th century, downtown anchor department stores like the Bon Marche sold almost every product a family needed. This store consisted of four interconnected buildings built in various . . . — — Map (db m117870) HM
These three Greek Revival style town houses were among several private residences built along Kirk Street in the 1840s and 1850s for a growing middle class that was being attracted to Lowell. Named from right to left for their earliest known . . . — — Map (db m117801) HM
Lowell's main fire station burned down in 1888 and although centrally located, was difficult to access on Middle Street. Palmer Street was cut through between Market and Merrimack Streets in 1889, improving access, and this new firehouse was built . . . — — Map (db m117893) HM
Central Street has long been the primary north-south axis in the city of Lowell. Originally laid out to provide transportation between East Chelmsford and Billerica, Central Street was converted to one of Lowells two major commercial streets (along . . . — — Map (db m1619) HM
One of several large department stores historically downtown, Cherry and Webb was located here since 1889 and in 1924, extensively reconstructed the building in early Art Deco style with polychromatic terra cotta. This building actually . . . — — Map (db m117859) HM
Originally home to Wyman's Church that occupied a tall upper story over ground floor shops, the building was remodeled and converted to commercial use in 1879. Built by William Wyman, a local eccentric prone to ranting in church and at political . . . — — Map (db m117865) HM
By the late 1840s, slavery was a defining political issue in northern cities. The topic was hotly debated in Lowell and created unlikely political alliances.
Abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison visited Lowell as early as the 1830s and . . . — — Map (db m168920) HM
The Boott Cotton Mills complex is one of the finest examples of mill architecture in the United States. The mill complex you see today resulted from many decades of expansion and adaption.
[Top left diagram]
Four mill buildings were . . . — — Map (db m117856) HM
Florence was the guiding light of the Lowell Summer Music Festival at Boarding House Park for seven years. Instantly recognizable, she was the woman with the big smile and the bright red hair who welcomed audiences each weekend. Her energy, . . . — — Map (db m117903) HM
Lowell was founded upon the confluence of the Merrimack and Concord Rivers to become a nineteenth-century textile manufacturing empire. The city later faced urban decline when industry left the region. On January 3, 1989, George L. Duncan, a . . . — — Map (db m117778) HM
Beneath the gatehouse to your left is a dam that controls the level of water in the Eastern canal. When the water is high, the excess spills into the Merrimack Wasteway and returns to the Merrimack River.
Booth Penstock . . . — — Map (db m117815) HM
Site: Pawtucket Canal at Central Street. Material: Granite. The cut and textured granite stones of this work are arranged in a classic post and lintel form. Their monumental size reflects the endurance of Lowell's people throughout history. The . . . — — Map (db m66209) HM
To the right stands a boardinghouse block built in 1837, for the Boott Cotton Mills workers. Dozens of company-owned boardinghouses served as home for the thousands of young, single women - Lowell's "mill girls."
This block was one of eight owned . . . — — Map (db m117814) HM
Middle Street was first developed in the 1830s and 1840s as a residential street, then largely redeveloped in the 1880s and 1890s with four and five story commercial and light-industrial buildings like this one. Originally known as the Burke . . . — — Map (db m117885) HM
Irish laborers were vital in digging and maintaining the canals. The mills required a smooth and even flow of water to ensure efficiency and profit.
Before 1850, Yankee mill managers considered Irishmen fit to dig canals and construct mills, . . . — — Map (db m66056) HM
This Italianate style building along with one to the rear on Middle Street was home to one of Lowell's largest patent medicine companies, J.C. Ayer & Company. A major Lowell industry, patent medicine companies like Ayer served national markets and . . . — — Map (db m117899) HM
The productivity of thousands of millworkers depended on the skill of gatekeepers like those who worked here at Tremont Gatehouse. By opening and closing sluice gates inside the small brick structure, the gatekeeper controlled the flow of water and . . . — — Map (db m66210) HM
Lowells first company-owned boardinghouses were built across the canal in 1823, to house young women workers from rural New England.
Neat rows of boardinghouses once lined the streets of Lowell. The companies hoped that a moral, clean, and safe . . . — — Map (db m66202) HM
[The fireman] put his left foot on the lever that swings open the firebox door, to look at the searing inferno within as he...hurled shovelful after shovelful of coal...
R.M. Neal, 1950
High Green and the Bark Peelers . . . — — Map (db m117775) HM
Established in 1849, the Lowell Gas Light Company supplied piped coal gas that lit the city's mills, businesses, and street lamps. Designed in the more contemporary and elegant Italianate style, the building contrasted with earlier Federal and . . . — — Map (db m117790) HM
"Meet Me Under The Clock"
Installed in 1937 and gifted by the
Classes of 1937, '38 & '39
the "Kirk Street Clock" has become
the symbol of fond memories and great friendships
for generations of LHS students. The clock
now runs on a GPS . . . — — Map (db m117794) HM
The Lowell Institution for Savings was founded in 1829, providing a savings bank for the early "mill girls." Greek Revival in style, it housed the bank until its closure in 1992. Other tenants shared the building over the years including artists, . . . — — Map (db m117779) HM
The first Lowell Manufacturing Company buildings were constructed along Pawtucket Canal in 1828 in order to make use of Lowells abundant water power. The two steam-powered building in this courtyard, however, were erected in 1882 and 1902 as the . . . — — Map (db m65900) HM
When Palmer Street was created in 1889, new lots along the street were quickly built upon including this corner building, designed in the Queen Anne style popular for Lowell commercial buildings in the 1880s and 1890s. Originally five stories in . . . — — Map (db m117884) HM
Site of chapel erected in 1653 for John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians. Here he preached to the Wamesit and Pennacook Indians, converting many and establishing a village of Christian Indians called Wamesit. — — Map (db m122299) HM
This corner was the hub of Lowell activity from 1835 when the B&L Railroad opened, through the 19th century. The passenger depot stood here; in 1835 it was replaced by an Italianate style building which combined city offices, public meeting halls . . . — — Map (db m66033) HM
Constructed after Palmer Street was cut through between Merrimack and Market streets in 1889, this building was originally home to a bank with private offices upstairs. Renaissance Revival in style, the building is notable for the delicate metal . . . — — Map (db m117872) HM
Lowell's Greek Revival style "Town House" originally had a large meeting hall upstairs. Town meetings ended in 1836 when Lowell became a city but the meeting hall continued in public use including a speech by Illinois Congressman Abraham Lincoln . . . — — Map (db m117777) HM
Middle Street was first developed in the 1830s and 1840s as a residential street, then largely redeveloped in the 1880s and 1890s with four and five story commercial and light-industrial buildings like this one. Originally known as the Parker . . . — — Map (db m117889) HM
His 37 years of distinguished service as Headmaster scanned [spanned?] five decades which saw the Great Depression—World War II—Korean War—Sputnik—the . . . — — Map (db m117798) HM
Middle Street's smaller residential buildings built in the 1830s and 1840s were rapidly replaced by four and five story commercial and light-industrial buildings like this one during the 1880s and 1890s. Wholesale grocers Simpson and Rowland . . . — — Map (db m117888) HM
Dedicated Sept. 2, 1905 to the memory of the veterans of the Civil War and Spanish Wars. The erection of this monument is largely the efforts of the Women connected with the patriotic organizations of the veterans. This spot was set aside for . . . — — Map (db m65898) WM
Shortly after the Merrimac Mills opened in 1823, the owners built this church to help attract young women workers from rural New England villages, and farms.
Mill agent Kirk Boott oversaw the church's construction. Its Gothic style was derived . . . — — Map (db m104022) HM
Steam Railroads in New England had their beginnings in the Charter granted the Boston & Lowell Railroad Corporation-June 5, 1830-First, train operated June 24, 1835-This centennial tablet placed opposite the site of the first depot by the Boston and . . . — — Map (db m66043) HM
Site: Tremont Yard at Western Canal.
Material: Bronze and granite.
A stele is a standing stone or slab with textured or inscribed surfaces which serves as a monument. This sculpture commemorates the wide variety of life generated by the . . . — — Map (db m66211) HM
The Boston and Maine Railroad, completed in 1835, was New Englands first steam railroad. In the Lowell Offering, a “mill girl” wrote that people expected to see a “street of lightning” when the railroad arrived.
The . . . — — Map (db m66040) HM
The original Suffolk Mill buildings, constructed in 1831, were razed and rebuilt during the idle business years of the Civil War. Only the 1831 counting house survives. The company merged with the Tremont Mills across Suffolk Street in 1871, and new . . . — — Map (db m117840) HM
The opening of the Merrimack Manufacturing Company on this site in 1823, marked the beginning of Americas first industrial city.
The Merrimack was the largest of Lowells mill complexes. By 1848, it employed over 2,000 workers and produced . . . — — Map (db m66200) HM
“It is awful to think of what would have been the inevitable result if the new works had not been constructed A mighty and uncontrollable river would have swept through the heart of Lowell, destroying everything in its course.” . . . — — Map (db m42037) HM
Site: Boardinghouse Park
Material: Granite, brick, and steel
These sculptures, located in three corners of the park, are composed of simple forms based on Lowell symbols that have been combined in a modular design. The shapes represent aspects . . . — — Map (db m117818) HM
High above the courtyard of the Boott Cotton Mills stands a clock tower, crowned by a street bell. The bells chimed six times each day, summoning workers to and from their machines. In the new industrial cities of America, the factory bell replaced . . . — — Map (db m66203) HM
In 1821 Hugh Commisky led a band of laborers on a trek from Charlestown to Lowell. With muscle and sweat they dredged canals in the soil of rugged farmland. As others joined in their toil a complex waterpower system evolved, creating a new era of . . . — — Map (db m1620) HM
Grassy park spaces have always been important in Lowell. The first mill yards were planted with grass and trees and designated "Malls."
In 1847, Lowell citizens insisted that the Northern Canal feature a tree-lined promenade; but by the 1860's . . . — — Map (db m117767) HM
Built in 1886 for Sewall G. Mack, foundry owner and former mayor of Lowell, this store was the headquarters for an extensive ironworks business. The Mack firm sold stoves, ranges and furnaces; and manufactured galvanized iron architectural . . . — — Map (db m117764) HM
This building began its life as Lowell Primary School No. 3 in 1845 and the first floor dates to that time. By the 1890s it had been acquired by William Parker, a bobbin manufacturer who was also president of the First National Bank. Although . . . — — Map (db m117812) HM
On Wickasee Island (now Tyngs Island) in the Merrimac dwelt Wannalancet, last sachem of the Pennacook Confederacy, and like his father Passaconway, a faithful friend to the English. — — Map (db m48022) HM
Greek Revival in style with a mansard roof added after an 1865 fire, this building housed a typical main street hardware store for over 100 years and originally contained a public meeting hall upstairs. One of many locations for lectures and . . . — — Map (db m117776) HM
These Greek Revival style town houses were among several private residences built along Kirk Street in the 1840s and 1850s for a growing middle class being attracted to Lowell. They are named from left to right for their earliest known occupants: . . . — — Map (db m117793) HM