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Lackawanna County Pennsylvania Historical Markers

 
Discovery of the Pothole Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., April 2, 2018
Discovery of the Pothole Marker
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Archbald — Discovery of the PotholeDiscovery & Preservation

"The miner fired a blast, and when the outpouring of stones and water from the hole came rushing through, the miners...called out a cry of alarm and ran from the mine..." Edward S. Jones, Mine Manager

They thought the earth had . . . — Map (db m115883) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Archbald — Lackawanna Heritage ValleyArea Attractions

Coal from the Lackawanna Valley fueled America's Industrial Revolution. Millions of tons of domestic anthracite came from mines like those that ran under this park.

Today, nature's gift of anthracite and the dynamic story of the Industrial . . . — Map (db m115890) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Archbald — Lackawanna River Foot-Bridge

This plaque is in commemoration of the foot-bridge that connected the downtown Main Street business area with Salem Street and St. Thomas Church. The foot-bridge crossed the Lackawanna River and was located between the Gilmartin Street Bridge . . . — Map (db m101608) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Archbald — The Geology of the Pothole

"It is a fine case of a well-known phenomenon called a glacial pothole." Geologist J.C. Branner, 1884

Formation About 20,000 years ago, a powerful, whirling mixture of frigid glacial water, sand and stones wore away solid . . . — Map (db m115887) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Archbald — Veterans Memorial Bridge

In memory of the men and women of Archbald Borough who served in our nation's Armed Forces

Dedicated November 11, 2007 — Map (db m101606) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Archbald — War Memorial

In grateful tribute to the brave men and women of Archbald who served their country in the Armed Forces

World War I [Roll of Honored Dead]

John Butero • F. Barcowski Frank Barcosky • C. Barnosky Francis Coughlin • N. . . . — Map (db m105609) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Carbondale
Founded by the Wurts brothers, pioneers in developing anthracite resources of the region, in 1822. Here the first underground mine was opened in June, 1831, near Seventh Ave. Chartered as a city in 1851. — Map (db m89268) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Carbondale
Founded by the Wurts brothers, pioneers in developing anthracite resources of the region, in 1822. Here the first underground mine was opened in June, 1831, near Seventh Ave. Chartered as a city in 1851. — Map (db m89269) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Carbondale
Founded by the Wurts brothers, pioneers in developing anthracite resources of the region, in 1822. Here the first underground mine was opened in June, 1831, near Seventh Ave. Chartered as a city in 1851. — Map (db m89293) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Carbondale City Hall
A National Register Building, Erected 1892-1894-City of Carbondale Government Offices-Carbondale Historical Society-D&H Transportation Museum — Map (db m89296) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — 1 — Carbondale City Hall / Memorial Park
Carbondale City Hall Carbondale City Hall is a detached masonry (brick and Pennsylvania blue stone) building, in the Romanesque Revival style, composed of a tower, a three-story wing and a two story wing. The building was designed by . . . — Map (db m89297) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Church Street: Five of Carbondale’s many historic Churches
Here are three of the many churches in downtown Carbondale. All of which has contributed significantly to the enrichment of the quality of life in Carbondale. — Map (db m89306) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Col. Alvin D. Ungerleider
Front Brevet Brigadier General D-Day Veteran July 30, 1921 Feb. 13, 2011 “When they were young, these men saved the world.”

Left side “Nothing worth having is given freely,” Liberator of Nazi Death Camp, . . . — Map (db m89304) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Delaware & Hudson Canal Company Office Building

This structure was built in 1832 as an office for the Delaware & Hudson (D&H) Canal Company. Between 1829 and 1898, the D&H gravity railroad carried coal from mines to markets, and passengers from Carbondale to other communities. In . . . — Map (db m122220) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Delaware & Hudson Passenger Station

A magnificent railroad station once rose from the foundation in front of you. Built in 1895, it was one of 19 stations on the Honesdale Branch of the Delaware & Hudson Co. The last train pulled into the station on January 4th, 1952, . . . — Map (db m114445) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — 1 — From Mine to MarketLackawanna Valley Industrial Highway

Founded in 1823 by Maurice and William Wurts, two brothers of Swiss ancestry, the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company played a prominent role in the economic development of northeastern Pennsylvania. From its completion in 1829 until its . . . — Map (db m104104) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — General Jerome F. O’Malley
Born and raised in Carbondale, Pennsylvania 1932-1985 Graduated St. Rose High School 1949 West Point-1953 Air Command with Staff College with Distinction George Washington University-MBA-1955 Naval War College-1970 Command Pilot-flew over . . . — Map (db m89303) WM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Gravity Park
Between 1829 and 1898, this was the site of Plane No. 1 on the roadbed of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company’s Gravity Railroad. The “Gravity” used a series of inclined planes and steam engines to pull carloads of coal to the top of . . . — Map (db m89271) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Gravity Park and the Gravity Railroad Historic Site
Gravity Park was established by the Delaware and Hudson Railroad on the site of what was formerly a portion of the roadbed of Plane No. 1. The Delaware and Hudson Canal Company’s Gravity Railroad from Carbondale to Honesdale opened on October 9, . . . — Map (db m89274) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Gravity Railroad
Here began one of the first railroads in the Western Hemisphere, built 1828-1829. The line had its eastern terminus at Honesdale; its southwestern terminus was later extended to Archbald & ultimately to Valley Junction near Olyphant. Built by the . . . — Map (db m89270) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Gravity Railroad Monument
The president, managers, and company of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company completed in 1829, the Gravity Railroad between Carbondale and Honesdale, in Pennsylvania. It was the second railroad constructed in the western hemisphere. The . . . — Map (db m89273) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Memorial Park
In the 1880’s, under the leadership of William H. Davies Post 187 of the G.A.R. Memorial Park was established on the former Carbondale militia parade ground and a monument and fountain were erected to honor the veterans of the U.S. Civil War. . . . — Map (db m89302) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — 3 — Mining MethodsLackawanna Valley Industrial Highway

You are standing on the southeastern side of the Lackawanna Valley. In this area the valley is about 5 miles (8 kilometers) wide. Behind you, Moosic Mountain rises some 1,200 feet (366 meters) above the elevation of the Lackawanna River in the . . . — Map (db m104139) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — Patrolman William F. McAndrew
“The valiant never taste of death but once”-Erected by the citizens of Carbondale, PA and others in memory of Patrolman William F. McAndrew who died January 18, 1913 from bullet wounds received while making an arrest in Dickson City Jan. . . . — Map (db m89295) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — 2 — The Gravity RailroadLackawanna Valley Industrial Highway

Moosic Mountain, rising over 1,200 feet above Carbondale's anthracite coal mines, was a formidable barrier to the markets of New York City. The Delaware and Hudson Canal system could be used to move coal from Honesdale to Kingston, New York, . . . — Map (db m104135) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Carbondale — War MemorialFor God And Country

Erected in grateful tribute by the Citizens of Carbondale Area in memory of the Veterans of the Spanish-American War 1898 World War I 1917-1918 World War II 1941-1945

[Honor Roll of Veterans] . . . — Map (db m99135) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Chinchilla — South Abington Township World War II Memorial

This stone and tablet dedicated by the people of this community in honor of the men and women of South Abington Township who served in the Armed Forces of our country in World War II

[Died in service]

William Baker • Ira . . . — Map (db m116719) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Clarks Summit — Laura Lee DeFazio MorabitoOctober 4, 1966 - September 11, 2001 — In Memoriam

Laura Lee DeFazio Morabito, born in Clarks Summit, was educated in the Abington Heights School system. She participated in numerous school activities including Girls Softball, Basketball and the Marching Band.

Laura Lee perished in the . . . — Map (db m99111) HM WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Clarks Summit — Veterans Memorial

In memory of all Abington Area veterans and civilians who dedicated themselves to the principles of freedom. Let us be forever faithful in keeping your valor alive.

POW-MIA Let the American youth never forget our forefathers . . . — Map (db m99465) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Dunmore — Colonel George Whitfield Scranton

of East Guilford, Connecticut, located in the Lackawanna Valley A.D. 1840, and became the leading spirit in the inauguration and development of the great industries that have built up the City of Scranton. He was twice elected to Congress from . . . — Map (db m108344) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Dunmore — Pennsylvania Gravity
The Pennsylvania Coal Co. gravity railroad was in operation between lower Pittston and Hawley from 1850 to 1884. It crossed the highway by overhead trestle near this point. This was plane No. 7. — Map (db m32167) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Dunmore — Reinterred Remains from St. John's Lutheran CemeteryIn Memory of

[Names of reinterred burials] — Map (db m108403) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Finch Hill — Gino J. Merli
U.S. Army-World War II-Recipient of the Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity involving risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Sars LaBruyere, Belgium on 4-5 September 1944. — Map (db m89213) WM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Jermyn — First Aid Pioneer
Here in 1899 Dr. Matthew J. Shields organized first aid for mine workers. From it grew the plan of Red Cross industrial first aid, which he helped establish. Dr. Shields died in Scranton January 23, 1939. — Map (db m89266) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), La Plume — Harris Hall Bell Memorial
. . . — Map (db m100937) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Moosic — Rocky Glen Park
Created in 1886 and located here, the park was a recreational and social center for northeastern Pa. until it closed in 1987. It gained popularity in the early 20th century as the “Laurel Line” railroad provided easier access for more . . . — Map (db m90609) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Old Forge — Old Forge
On the south bank of the Lackawanna River opposite this spot was located the iron forge built 1789 by Dr. William Smith and James Sutton. This was the region's oldest forge, after which the town was named. — Map (db m46229) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Old Forge — Old Forge War Memorial

Dedicated to those who served

World War I 1917--1918

World War II 1941--1945

Korea 1950--1953

Vietnam 1964--1975

Erected in Grateful Recognition by the Citizens 1949 — Map (db m103116) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Old Forge — P.F.C. Carpellotti, U.S.M.C.History of Carpellotti

This anchor is preserved here as a memorial to Louis Joseph “Eugene” Carpellotti, of the ship Destroyer Escort No. 720 launched at DeFoe, Bay City, Michigan. Sponsor for the occasion was Mrs. Sophie Carpellotti. U.S.M.C. Private . . . — Map (db m103120) HM WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Old Forge — Veterans Memorial155 mm Howitzer

This memorial is dedicated to all men and women who served in the Armed Forces of the United States of America — Map (db m103118) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Old Forge — Veterans Memorial

Dedicated to those who have served this great nation

”Lest We Forget”

[Dedicated] May 15, 2005

[Honor Roll of Old Forge Veterans] — Map (db m103119) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Olyphant — John J. MorelliJan. 18, 1918-Dec. 15, 1996
An Olyphant native, Korean Conflict veteran and recipient of the bronze star who served as the longest standing sergeant of the guard of the Tomb of the Unknown soldier at Arlington National Cemetery. He was awarded the Tomb Honor Guard badge, the . . . — Map (db m89291) WM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Olyphant — Loretto Perfectus Walsh
Recognized as the first woman to enlist in the U.S. Navy--on March 21, 1917, sixteen days before the nation entered WWI. As a Chief Yeoman (F), she served in Philadelphia; was discharged 1919. Born (1896) and raised in Olyphant; died in 1925. — Map (db m67975) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Olyphant — Queen City Station
Rail Events Queen City Station has served as a hub for special rail events such as the St. Patrick’s Day Parade Train, the Veterans’ Memorial Day Excursion, the Ghost Train, and Santa’s Train. Leaders from municipal partners in Carbondale and . . . — Map (db m89289) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Olyphant — The Olyphant Heritage Development Strategy
As part of its master planning process, the Lackawanna Heritage Valley Authority assisted the community in producing the Olyphant Heritage Development Strategy (1994), which contains three main objectives: *To strengthen and expand cultural, . . . — Map (db m89288) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 1865 Inspection Pit
Steamtown's historic roundhouse complex consists of the above - and below - ground remains of a series of roundhouses and turntables built by the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad between 1865 and 1937. In advance of the new exhibit . . . — Map (db m19837) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 1902 Anthracite Coal Strike
In May 1902, 150,000 mineworkers struck for six months for union recognition, higher wages, shorter hours, and other demands. The Anthracite Coal Strike Commission, set up by President Theodore Roosevelt, held hearings at the Lackawanna County . . . — Map (db m67827) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 1902 Roundhouse Office
Across the tracks, adjacent to the back of the new exhibit building, is the historic 1902 roundhouse office - headquarters of the roundhouse foreman. Built in 1902, the roundhouse office is one of the oldest surviving buildings in the Delaware, . . . — Map (db m19899) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 1902 Roundhouse Section
The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad built its second roundhouse in this location in 1902. When first constructed, this building was part of a forty-six-stall roundhouse. After an extensive modernization program in 1937, only the three . . . — Map (db m19893) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 1902/1937 Inspection Pit
Stalls inside the 1902/1937 roundhouse had below-grade work pits. These shallow brick and concrete-lined pits ran down the center of each stall and extended from the front to the rear walls of the roundhouse. Upon a locomotive's arrival at the . . . — Map (db m19835) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 1902/1937 Roundhouse
The roundhouse was and is the heart of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western (DL&W) yards. Here, mechanics perform daily maintenance on steam locomotives - routine inspections, light repairs, and boiler washes. Hissing steam, pounding hammers, and the . . . — Map (db m19833) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 2 LT Carol Ann Drazba, RNArmy of the United States of America — December 11, 1943 - February 18, 1966

2 LT Carol Ann Drazba, RN, US Army 51st Field Hospital - 3rd Field Hospital, Saigon 68th Medical Group - 44th Medical Bde

2 LT Carol Ann Drazba, RN, a Dumore native, answered her country's call to minister to the sick, wounded and dying . . . — Map (db m116456) HM WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — 200th Anniversary of the U.S. Constitution

Presented to City of Scranton, Lackawanna County on the 200th Anniversary of the U.S. Constitution 1787-1987 — Map (db m116769) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — A Tribute to Anthracite Coal Miners

This monument is dedicated to the thousands of anthracite coal miners whose labor under inhuman working conditions served as an inspiration to people of the United States and to the world. The heroic contribution of the miners is unparalleled . . . — Map (db m105655) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Abraham Lincoln1809 - 1865

Beloved savior of the Union Presented on his bicentennial February 12, 2009 — Map (db m113451) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Avondale Mine Disaster

Here in the Washburn Cemetery lie the remains of 61 of the 110 victims of the September 6, 1869, Avondale Mine disaster in Plymouth Township, Luzerne County. The miners, most of whom were of Welsh descent, were interred on September 9, . . . — Map (db m99116) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Benjamin Franklin Firefighter MemorialNo One is a Stranger in the Eyes of a Firefighter

This memorial is in honor of all firefighters.

It was in Philadelphia, Pa that Benjamin Franklin organized the first fire department in Dec. 1736, known as "The Bucket Brigade". ————————————— In memory of the members of the . . . — Map (db m114464) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Brooks Model Coal Mine
Brooks mine was never a commercial operation, but large deposits of coal do exist inside. The 150 foot long mine was built as a model in 1902 by Reese Brooks when coal was king in the heating world. It is an example of how Scranton became the . . . — Map (db m112816) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Bullard Company #2
This oil-burning steam engine was designed to be operated by a single engineer-fireman and was among the smallest standard-gauge locomotives ever built. Locomotive #2 operated up and down the railroad sidings and loading tracks outside the Bullard . . . — Map (db m19907) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Canadian National Railways #47
In 1914, the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada purchased six 4-6-4T locomotives from the Montreal Locomotive Works, a division of the American Locomotive Company. This Baltic tank locomotive carried coal and water in a coal bin and water tank built into . . . — Map (db m19903) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Capoose
On the nearby flat was located an Indian village under the chief, Capoose. It was settled by Munsee following their removal from the upper Delaware valley after 1743. — Map (db m46463) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Casting Iron
The blast furnace was the heart of any iron-making establishment. Lined with heat-resistant brick, known as refractory, the stack was filled from the top with alternating layers of iron ore, anthracite and limestone. As the raw materials worked . . . — Map (db m10574) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — City of Scranton
Scranton grew from a village into a city through the success of the ironworks, coal mines, and railroads. The Scrantons built a company store and hotel to attract potential workers and customers to the city. More businesses followed. The city's . . . — Map (db m10552) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Claremont & Concord Snow Plow #60
Coupled in front of the locomotive, this type of wedge-shaped plow simply pushed snow to the side. Because of their reliance on a locomotive's momentum, plows were often operated at high speeds - a practice fraught with danger. Nonetheless, snow . . . — Map (db m19908) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — CNJ #5 Steam DerrickIdler Gondola #9208
This steam-powered wrecking crane was part of a small fleet of cars designed solely to maintain the railway - to remove wrecks and to lay, replace, and resurface the track. The Central Railroad of New Jersey #5 steam derrick was built in 1918 and . . . — Map (db m19840) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — CNJ RailroadLackawanna River Heritage Trail

Roaring Brook, the largest tributary to the Lackawanna River, passes through Nay Aug Park and enters the Lackawanna River near Schmidt Park.

Nay Aug is an Indian word that means Roaring Brook. — Map (db m116737) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — CNJ RailroadLackawanna River Heritage Trail

A neighborhood and a small roundhouse once stood where Schmidt Park is now located, but were not rebuilt after flooding in 1955. — Map (db m116740) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Coal Miners’ and Laborers’ Strike
A riot occurred here on August 1, 1877, in which armed citizens fired upon strikers, killing four. Many were injured, including Scranton’s mayor. As in numerous US cities, this labor unrest was a result of the US depression of 1873 and a nationwide . . . — Map (db m67774) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Colliery Locomotive, 1919

This impressive steam locomotive was used at the Powderly Colliery during the golden era of the anthracite coal industry. Weighing 24 tons, the locomotive was manufactured in 1919 by Vulcan Iron Works in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania for the . . . — Map (db m105650) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Colonel Frank J. Duffy Memorial ParkDedicated May 30th 1940

Erected by Rabiega-Gorgol Post No. 3451 Veterans of Foreign Wars and Anthracite Post No. 4 National Association of Regulars Scranton, Penn'a.

as a memorial to those who have entered into a more . . . — Map (db m126375) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Shops
In 1907 William Truesdale, president of the DL&W, hired architect Frank J. Niles of New Jersey to replace the original locomotive shops. Niles designed four new structures: A five story pattern shop, a foundry, a blacksmith shop, and a locomotive . . . — Map (db m10593) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — DL&W Coal Hoppers
Hopper cars like these carried the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad's heaviest and most profitable freight - anthracite coal. With increases in coal production came the need to increase hauling capacity. In the decades before 1900, the DL&W . . . — Map (db m19910) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — E.J. Lavino & Company #3
The American Locomotive Company built this 0-6-0T saddle tank industrial switch locomotive in 1927. E.J. Lavino and Company put the #3 to work at its Sheridan, Pennsylvania, yards. E.J. Lavino and Company operated a ferro-manganese blast furnace in . . . — Map (db m19817) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — EducationLackawanna River Heritage Trail

Lackawanna College This institution has provided Pennsylvania's students with business, associate, and vocational degrees for more than a century. Today, the college is located at the renovated historic building that was originally . . . — Map (db m116742) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — First Electric Cars
The first street car system in the U.S. built entirely for operation by electric power was at Scranton. It began operation on Nov. 30, 1886. The initial run was between central Scranton and Green Ridge section. — Map (db m67819) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — First Rite Aid Corporation Drugstore

This plaque commemorates the opening of the first Rite Aid Corporation drugstore on September 12, 1962 in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Alexander Grass, founder of the Company which now has grown to over 1,300 drugstores, is a native of . . . — Map (db m101507) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — General Casimir Pulaski1748 • 1779

American Revolutionary war hero, who distinguished himself on General George Washington's staff in the Battle of Brandywine, commissioned Brigadier General. Fought at Germantown and other battles in the winter of 1777-78 for American . . . — Map (db m101500) HM WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — General Thaddeus KosciuszkoBorn Feb. 4, 1746 • Died Oct. 15, 1817

American Revolutionary War Hero. Lover of Freedom. Son of Poland. The first foreign officer to come to the aid of the American cause. Recruited by the Continental Congress for his military brilliance and engineering skill to fight for American . . . — Map (db m100698) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — George H. Catlin Memorial HouseThe Lackawanna Historical Society

The Lackawanna Historical Society was founded in 1886, eight years after Lackawanna County was incorporated. In early years the organization was known as the Lackawanna Institute of History and Science. Its collections were kept in the . . . — Map (db m99998) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Grand Army of the Republic Memorial

Dedicated to our comrades who fought, bled, suffered and died on land and sea, on battle fields and in prison pens, for their country's honor.

1861 - 1865

Lieut. Ezra S. Griffin Post 139, Dept. of Penn., G.A.R.

Lieut. Ezra S. . . . — Map (db m116414) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Grand Trunk Western #6039
In 1925, the Grand Trunk Western Railway purchased five 4-8-2 Mountain locomotives, numbered 6037 through 6041, from the Baldwin Locomotive Works. These coal-burning locomotives had cylinder-shaped Vanderbilt tenders and enclosed all-weather cabs. . . . — Map (db m19900) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Home of Debra RecordsEst. 1958

Irman Music Publishing Co. BMI

50's Record Company Where 50's Music Began Doowopville — Map (db m116402) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Houlihan - McLean CenterImmanuel Baptist Church

Through the generous remembrance of a member of the Board of Trustees and the Class of 1973, Gerard P. Joyce, his wife, Linda, and his family, this historic place, formerly the Immanuel Baptist Church, is gratefully dedicated to Professors . . . — Map (db m101600) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Illinois Central #790
This 2-8-0 Consolidation was built in 1903 by the American Locomotive Company and sold to the Illinois Central Railroad in 1904. For many years, this engine saw hard service on the Illinois Central, hauling freight trains through Tennessee. In . . . — Map (db m19897) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — In Remembrance of the Holocaust1933 • 1945 — "Lest We Forget"

[Title is text] — Map (db m103081) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Jerry TomasettiFather - Friend - Pugulist
. . . — Map (db m116772) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — John Mitchell1870 - 1919 — Champion of Labor • Defender of Human Rights

So far as discontent is expressed in constructive movements for human betterment it is healthy and to be encouraged

I wish to see the interests and ideals of Labor and Capital fairly reconciled not by surrender but by mutual . . . — Map (db m101502) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Lackawanna County
Formed August 13, 1878 from Luzerne County, it was Pennsylvania's 67th and last county created. The name is an Indian word meaning "stream that forks." Scranton, the county seat, was made a city, 1866. It became the anthracite coal mining capital of . . . — Map (db m31950) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Lackawanna Iron
Iron was forged in Slocum Hollow by 1797. Nearby are remains of Lackawanna Iron Co. works begun 1840 by Scranton and associates. Iron rails for the Erie R.R. were made here, 1847. Steel-making begun in 1875. Closed in 1902. — Map (db m10531) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Long Island Railroad #193 Rotary Snow Plow
This rotary snow plow (built in 1898) worked the Long Island Railroad for sixty-nine years, until its retirement in 1967. The Long Island #193 was a Canadian-invented plow designed to reduce the cost of snow removal. Much like a modern snowblower, . . . — Map (db m19909) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Making Steel
In 1875, the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company installed Bessemer Converters in order to convert their pig iron into steel. The steel works was located across Cedar Avenue where the General Dynamics plant now stands. The Bessemer process involved . . . — Map (db m10537) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Masonic Temple and Scottish Rite Cathedral

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m104176) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Medal of HonorPatrick DeLacy and John C. Delaney
Center panel Medal of Honor first issued during the Civil War just over 1500 such medals were issued in that war. Recipients included these two soldiers from Lackawanna County. “That pain may cease, he yields his flesh to pain” . . . — Map (db m89206) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Medal of HonorGino J. Merli and Joseph R. Sarnoski
Center panel Medal of Honor, the highest decoration for gallantry in action while serving in the United States Armed Forces. This medal was awarded to these two recipients from Lackawanna County for action during World War . . . — Map (db m89207) WM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Mellon Bank BuildingBuilt 1890 • Restored 1979

On the National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m101508) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Miners and Laborers Memorial
This monument is erected to honor the memory of the countless thousands of miners and laborers who toiled in the near-by coal mines of Park Place and Bull's Head. Their courage at work and their devotion to their families have left a proud legacy . . . — Map (db m113214) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Munsee Indian Village
This stone marks the site of a former Indian village, occupied after 1743 by a band of Munsee, under Chief Capoose. About 150 feet east of this spot stood a famous apple tree, under which the Indians held their councils. This tree was designated as . . . — Map (db m67829) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — New Haven Trap Rock Company #43
The Vulcan Iron Works built engine #43, an industrial saddle tank 0-4-0T switcher, in 1919. The engine was purchased by C.W. Blakeslee and Sons out of New Haven, Connecticut, for work at their New Haven Trap Rock Company quarry. At the quarry, . . . — Map (db m19806) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Ninth Ward World War II Honor RollScranton Pa. — 1941 - 1945

Killed in Action

Raymond J. Armbruster • Oliver Brown John Edmund Burns • Edward Collins Manuel O. Golnick • Gilbert W. Harper Leon Kaplan • Henry I. Levy John E. McCormick • Richard Ortlieb Jerome Piven • Thomas F. Rawson . . . — Map (db m105065) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Norwood & St. Lawrence #210

American Locomotive Company's Cooke Works built #210 in 1923 for the Norwood & St. Lawrence Railroad. Throughout its active career, #210 pulled mixed trains (freight cars with baggage and passenger cars on the rear) across northern New York . . . — Map (db m105796) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Oil House
During the steam era, railroads across the United States constructed oil houses to safely store the flammable oils and greases used in railroad operations and maintenance. The DL&W built this reinforced concrete and steel oil house in 1912 in . . . — Map (db m19780) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Oil HouseSteamtown National Historic Site
To run smoothly, machinery requires lubrication—and the steam locomotive was no exception. Before a locomotive could leave the yard, dozens of its moving parts had to be greased and its oil cups filled to the brim. While the fireman tended the . . . — Map (db m89258) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Oil House Foundation
The brick border on the plaza area in front of you marks the location of the underground foundation and cellar of an oil house built about 1870. This oil house is the earliest known oil storage and distribution facility at the Delaware, Lackawanna . . . — Map (db m19777) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Pearl Harbor Memorial

Honoring those Lackawanna County Citizens who served at Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, "The Day of Infamy."

Dedicated on the 75th anniversary, Dec. 7, 2016

Joseph Skovira • John Aloysious Alicki Michael Burke • Frank Deluccie . . . — Map (db m100402) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Pennsylvania Boxcars
Boxcars were the backbone of the railroads' non-bulk freight business. During a journey, a freight car was often coupled and uncoupled to several different trains. As a result, one company's freight cars might be found on a dozen different lines. . . . — Map (db m19819) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Piazza dell' Arte

Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life. Pablo Picasso

Lackawanna County recognizes that arts and culture contribute greatly to the vitality of a community. The Piazza dell' Arte proudly salutes the . . . — Map (db m101530) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Pine Brook War Memorial

Dedicated to those who served in all wars — Map (db m113435) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Rahway Valley #15
Baldwin Locomotive Works delivered this engine, a 2-8-0 Consolidation-type locomotive, to the Oneida & Western Railroad in 1916. In 1937, after twenty-one years of grueling Tennessee mountain service, the Oneida & Western Railroad sold it to the . . . — Map (db m19902) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Reading #2124
Originally built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works during the mid 1920s as a 2-8-0, the Reading Company rebuilt #2124 among thirty other engines, as a 4-8-4 Northern in January 1947. Reading Northerns were heavy-duty freight locomotives assigned most . . . — Map (db m19901) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Rev. Jacob M. Koehler(1860-1932)
Founder in 1882 of the institute that became the Scranton State School for the Deaf. An ordained minister who was deaf, he was concerned for this state's uneducated deaf children and was a leading advocate of compulsory education of the deaf. . . . — Map (db m67847) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Rev. William Bishop
Baptist clergyman and first ordained minister in Scranton, built a combined log church and house near here in 1795. There he preached and held services. He was born in England, 1749, and died in Scott Township in 1816. — Map (db m46428) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Right Reverend William O'Hara, D.D.In Memory Of

First Bishop of Scranton. Born in Ireland April 14, 1816. Ordained Priest in Rome Dec. 21, 1842. Consecrated Bishop in Philadelphia July 12, 1868. Died in Scranton, Feb. 3, 1899. His body awaits the Resurrection in the crypt of . . . — Map (db m99112) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Robert Patrick Casey(1932-2000)
Pennsylvania public official and lifelong Scranton resident, Casey served as State Senator, 1962-66; First Vice President of Pa. Constitutional Convention, 1967-68; Auditor General, 1969-77; and Governor, 1987-95. As governor he pioneered the . . . — Map (db m67902) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Rolling and Puddling
The Scrantons initially intended to make and market pig iron alone. However, they soon decided to produce a smaller, finished product. In 1844, nail-making machinery was installed and a puddling mill constructed approximately one thousand yards . . . — Map (db m10575) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton
Ebenezer Slocum built his built his first house, and made the first iron here prior to 1800. Its founding, naming, and growth as a city were due to George W. Scranton and associates. Leader in iron and steel for 60 years after its founding, 1840. — Map (db m67717) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton - The Electric City

As early as 1910, there was an electric sign atop this building that could be seen after dark from many vantage points throughout the City of Scranton. In early photos it reads "Watch Scranton Grow". Later the message was changed to "Scranton - . . . — Map (db m101477) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton Central High School

"This building was the site of Scranton Central High School from 1896 to 1991" — Map (db m104175) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton Iron Furnaces
(Left Panel): Scranton was founded as an ironmaking community. In the late 1830's, the natural resources of the Lackawanna Valley attracted William Henry, the Scrantons, the Platts, and their associates. Nearby they found coal, waterpower, . . . — Map (db m10535) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton Iron Furnaces Historic SiteLackawanna River Heritage Trail

Four anthracite-fueled blast furnaces from the 1850s still stand, reminders of iron and steel production in the valley.

The historic Scranton Iron Furnaces in the south end of the city represent the early iron industry in the . . . — Map (db m116741) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton Preparatory School Seal

This stone rendition of the seal of Scranton Preparatory School was positioned above the main entrance of the original school building at Wyoming Avenue and Mulberry Street.

When Prep moved to its present location in 1963, this seal was . . . — Map (db m105793) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Scranton's Iron Furnace
Beginnings In August of 1840 William Henry, Seldon and George Scranton, and Stanford Grant noted abundant outcroppings of coal and iron ore while prospecting in the Nay Aug Ravine. The wealth of raw material prompted them to purchase 503 acres . . . — Map (db m10603) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Settlement
In the 1830's, the Lackawanna Valley was largely wilderness. Here at Slocum Hollow there were five dwellings, a saw and grist mill, a school, a cooper's shop, and a hotel. To house the ironworkers and their families, the Lackawanna Iron and Coal . . . — Map (db m10551) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — SteamtownNational Historic Site
Working on the railroad was rarely romantic or glamorous. Mostly it was hard work—grimy, noisy, greasy, and occasionally dangerous. Today, mechanics still labor to repair and maintain steam locomotives and rolling stock at this site, with . . . — Map (db m89256) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Steamtown National Historic Site
(1) Locomotive Erecting Shop (1909) - where heavy maintenance was done on locomotives. More than 70 locomotives were built here. The facility included a foundry, blacksmith shop, machine shop, and a laboratory. (2) Office and Storage Building . . . — Map (db m19905) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Supplying the Blast
By 1850, the application of steam power to the manufacture of goods was well established. Not only did the steam engine produce sufficient amounts of relatively stable power, but it freed industry from location along waterways. Two double connected . . . — Map (db m10571) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Tank Car
More than a century ago, railroads developed special cars to carry liquids - usually crude oil and petroleum products - without separate containers or packaging. Since many liquids required special linings, most tank cars were owned by individual . . . — Map (db m19778) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Terence V. Powderly
Noted labor leader. Born Jan 22, 1849, in Carbondale. Grand Master Workman of the Knights of Labor, 1879-93. Scranton’s Mayor, 1878-84. Later Federal immigration official. Died in 1924. His home was near here. — Map (db m46429) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The “Pioneer”
This gravity railroad car, used on the Pennsylvania Coal Company Railroad, was presented by the company to the City of Scranton, Sept. 3, 1909. The car was used on the line from Hawley to Pittston from 1850 to 1884. — Map (db m32166) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Battleship Maine Memorial

This ten inch shell and bronze port cover recovered from the wreck of The Battleship Maine after having been submerged fourteen years in the waters of Havana harbor are here mounted as a memorial to the brave officers . . . — Map (db m116763) HM WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Bivouac of the Dead

The muffled drum's sad roll has beat the soldier's last tattoo; No more on life's parade shall meet that brave and fallen few. On fame's eternal camping-ground their silent tents are spread, and glory guards with solemn round, the . . . — Map (db m99113) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Blast Furnaces
These four stone stacks, built between 1841 and 1854, are the remnants of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company blast furnaces. The area in front was the casting floor. The molten iron was run into sand channels formed in the floor which served as . . . — Map (db m10592) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Company
1851 - 1951 Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Company Here in Scranton, Pennsylvania was conceived and brought to successful completion the first segment of what is now the Delaware, Lackawanna, . . . — Map (db m10606) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Everhart Museum

Founded in 1908, The Everhart Museum of Natural History, Science and Art was erected to house the collections of Dr. Isaiah Fawkes Everhart, an amateur ornithologist, skilled taxidermist and avid naturalist who assembled one of the finest . . . — Map (db m116744) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Freedom Tree

With the vision of universal freedom for all mankind this tree is dedicated to Capt. Wesley Ratzel and all Prisoners of War and Missing in Action 1973 — Map (db m116770) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Harrison Avenue Bridge

Designed by prominent engineer A. Burton Cohen, the Harrison Avenue Bridge was constructed between July 1921 and September 1922 by the Anthracite Bridge Company of Scranton. Residents from South and East Scranton overcame economic and . . . — Map (db m126361) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Lackawanna Valley
The Lackawanna Valley seemed to have all the advantages for an ironworks - raw materials, waterpower, and topography. "This is a marvelous place. Only two years ago it was a wilderness... But the eye of speculation and improvement was on it, and a . . . — Map (db m10550) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Loading and Supply Dock

Supplies for the mine are stored at the loading dock and brought into the mine when needed in empty coal cars.

1. A thrower for switching the tracks, and spare track 2. Compressed air hoses 3. Chain for a Coal Conveyer or Miner's Jalopy . . . — Map (db m105664) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — The Tripp House
Isaac Tripp, Scranton’s first settler, built a house here in 1771. His son, Isaac II, began the present building – the oldest in Lackawanna County – about 1778. Both men represented this region in Connecticut’s Assembly. Isaac III . . . — Map (db m46462) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Turntable
The hub of the roadhouse complex was the turntable. From here, tracks radiated like spokes into each roundhouse stall. Engines returning to the roundhouse for maintenance rolled through a narrow two-track passage onto the turntable. An operator . . . — Map (db m19781) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Union Pacific #4012
Locomotive #4012 is a 4-8-8-4 Big Boy. The Big Boys were the longest and among the largest and most powerful steam locomotives in the world. Even with their great size, the Big Boys were capable of reaching speeds in excess of eighty miles per . . . — Map (db m19898) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Veterans Memorial

Dedicated to all veterans who served their country — Map (db m99114) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Dedicated to all Vietnam Veterans who fought and died during an unpopular war, God will be with them always because they came, they fought, they died, but they did not run. — Map (db m116766) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Vietnam War Memorial

In memory of all Lackawanna County military personnel who made the supreme sacrifice while serving in the Vietnam War.

Gerard Coyle • Frederick Krupa Thomas Francis Heffernan • Thomas William Malloy Theodore Mostowski • Anthony . . . — Map (db m100409) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — William McKinley

Twice President of the United States of America 1897-1901 Born Jan·29·1843-Died Sept·14·1901 ——————— Erected by the McKinley Memorial Association of Lackawanna County . . . — Map (db m125617) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — William W. Scranton(1917 - 2013)

Governor of Pennsylvania (1963-67). His term emphasized industrial revitalization, highway construction, welfare and educational reforms, and natural resource conservation. A Scranton native, he was a WWII pilot, UN ambassador, US Congressman, . . . — Map (db m99994) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Simpson — Fell Township War Memorial

In honor and memory of the men of Fell Township who gave their lives

1917 World War I 1918 Albert Bochinski • Victor Derwinski

1941 World War II 1945 Joseph Sarnoski - Congressional Medal of Honor Basil Barna • George . . . — Map (db m104280) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Simpson — Monkey Run ParkDeveloped 1979 • Completed 1986 — Park Developers Stephen "Cy" Voyce and John Bolak

This park is dedicated to those Simpson area men who labored in and around the coal mines during the turn of the century. At that time this area was called "Monkey Run" because the men worked in the Monkey Run Slope of the Wilson Creek . . . — Map (db m104302) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Simpson — Simpson, Lackawanna County, Pa.

Crystal Lake circa 1906 Crystal Lake was one of the first settlements of Fell Township. In 1818, Peter F. Ball came from New York state and built a log house near the lake. During the next decade, seven other men established homesteads . . . — Map (db m104283) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Simpson — Veterans Memorial

In dedication with pride and gratitude to all of our Veterans who have served in the nation's Armed Forces...

Thank you — Map (db m104282) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Taylor — Keyser Creek
At this point was established the first white settlement in Lackawanna County. In 1769, Timothy Keys, Solomon Hocksey, Andrew Hickman built homes here. In July, 1778, Keys and others were slain by Indians. The Creek is named for Keys. — Map (db m67667) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Taylor — Veterans Memorial

KIA [Killed in Action] Robert H Stump • Joseph Widdick

[Honor Roll of Veterans] — Map (db m117024) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Thornhurst — Jay Gould
The first business venture of the noted speculator and railroad manipulator was at nearby Thornhurst. Here, 1856 ~ 61, he owned a large tannery with Zaddock Pratt. Gould's tannery profits became a basis of his fortune. — Map (db m46240) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — Anthracite Mine Disaster
On the morning of April 7, 1911, the nearby Pancoast mine here in Throop was the scene of a disastrous fire. Seventy-two miners died by suffocation, and a government rescue worker also was killed. This tragedy soon led to the enactment, on June 15, . . . — Map (db m67933) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — Blessed Sacrament ParishThroop, Pennsylvania — Established December 31, 2009
. . . — Map (db m116934) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — Our Lady of Victory Shrine

In gratitude to the men & women of Blessed Sacrament Parish who faithfully served our country especially those who made the supreme sacrifice Ora Pro Eis

St. Anthony of Padua Parish St. Bridget Parish St. John the . . . — Map (db m116941) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — ThroopIncorporated April 16, 1894

Named in honor of Dr. Benjamin Throop

[List of Burgesses] John Sykes 1894 · Charles F. Beatty 1894 · 1896 Patrick Corr 1897 · 1899 John L. Evans 1900 · 1902 William Sonn 1903 · 1905 George Richardson 1906 · . . . — Map (db m116948) HM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — War MemorialSacrifice

In grateful tribute to the men and women of this community who served in World Wars

That They Shall Not Have Died In Vain

World War One Herbert Clark • Joseph M. Chorba • John A. Gombar Peter Telesha • Michael T. Gombar • . . . — Map (db m116942) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — War Memorial Honor RollU.S.A.

In memory of our boys who gave their lives for freedom 1916 World War I 1918 Peter Telesha • Clemence Karchaskus George Phillips . . . — Map (db m116932) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Throop — World Wars MemorialVictory & Peace • God & Country

Erected in honor of the members of St. John's Parish who made the supreme sacrifice and who served in World Wars I and II — Map (db m116940) WM

Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Waverly — Elder Miller
Pioneer preacher and teacher in Abington region, lived near this village. Born in Connecticut in 1775. Settled in Waverly about 1800; died here in 1857. The first church in the township, and the first school, were on his farm. — Map (db m46209) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Waverly — Hickory Grove Cemetery
One of the oldest known cemeteries associated with African Americans in Northeastern PA. Established in 1807 in Waverly, then known as Abington Center, the cemetery is the burial ground for many fugitives from slavery who came to the area via the . . . — Map (db m45913) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), West Scranton — Veterans Memorial

In honor of the men and women of West Scranton who answered the call of their country — Map (db m99132) WM


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