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Tazewell County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Mathias Harman, Sr. Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, October 16, 2015
Mathias Harman, Sr. Marker
Virginia (Tazewell County), Bandy — X-27 — Mathias Harman, Sr.
Just east of here is the last home site and grave of Mathias Harman, Sr. (1736–1832), early explorer, hunter and Revolutionary War veteran. Harman helped establish the first permanent English settlement in eastern Kentucky in 1755. In 1789 he . . . — Map (db m89746) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Bluefield — X-31 — Bluefield College
Bluefield College was chartered in May 1920 as “an institution of learning for the instruction of boys and young men in the various branches of science, literature, philosophy, and the liberal and useful arts.” With strong support from . . . — Map (db m1824) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Bluefield — X-15 — Bluefield Virginia
The place was first known as “Pin Hook.” In 1883 the New River branch of the N. & W. Railroad was completed here and the first coal shipped from the Pocahontas mines. The town of Graham was incorporated in 1884 and named for Thomas . . . — Map (db m105045) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Bluefield — Z-222 — Tazewell County Va./West Virginia
(obverse) Tazewell County Va. Area 531 Square Miles Formed in 1799 from Russell and Wythe, and named for Henry Tazewell, United States Senator, 1794-1799. Beautiful Burk's Garden is in this county. (reverse) West . . . — Map (db m110080) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Boissevain — Captain James Moore Monument
Erected to the memory of Captain James Moore, a soldier of the Revolution, having commanded a company at Cowpens, Guilford Court House, and Kings Mountain; killed by Indians July 14th, 1786. To Martha Poague Moore and Jane Moore, . . . — Map (db m104971) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Boissevain — XP-10 — Moore Family
Black Wolf and a group of Shawnee Indians attacked militia captain James Moore’s nearby home on 14 July 1786 during a campaign to deter white settlement of the Ohio Valley region after the American Revolution. They killed Moore, children . . . — Map (db m104966) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Burkes Garden — X-12-a — Burke’s Garden
Known for its fertility and great natural beauty, the bowl shaped Burke’s Garden is the highest valley in Virginia. James Burke discovered it during the 1740s while hunting and settled here about 1754. After four years Burke and his family . . . — Map (db m44656) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Burkes Garden — XL-5 — Site of James Burke’s Garden
Burke’s Garden is named for James Burke who surveyed the region with James Patton by 1750. According to tradition, Burke buried some potato peelings in the region’s fertile soil during a survey expedition. Sometime later another group camped at . . . — Map (db m44663) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Falls Mills — XP-6 — Engagement at Falls Mills
Here at dawn on 20 July 1863 the Confederate cavalry of Maj. Andrew J. May surprised a Union raiding party led by Lt. Col. Freeman E. Franklin. Aroused from its bivouac in Brown’s Meadow, where it was preparing to burn the Falls Mill, the Union . . . — Map (db m90596) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Frog Level — X-16 — Indian-Settler Conflicts
During Dunmore’s war (1774) and the Revolutionary War (1775–1783) conflicts between Indians and colonists often intensified as European powers encouraged Indians from the Ohio region to attack frontier settlers. Tensions also sometimes . . . — Map (db m90654) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Gratton — XH-2 — Shawver Mill
The Shawver Mill community grew up here around the gristmill that George Shawver built before 1860. William Leffel and Adam Britts soon built sawmills, and the community developed like many in Virginia during the 19th century. By 1911 it sustained a . . . — Map (db m44808) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Liberty — XY-13 — Maiden Springs Fort
On the hillside to the west stood Maiden Springs Fort, also known as Reese Bowen’s fort. It was garrisoned in Dunmore’s War, 1774. Reese Bowen, the founder, fought at Point Pleasant, 1774,and was killed at King’s Mountain, 1780. — Map (db m104951) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), North Tazewell — X-28 — First Court for Tazewell County
The first Court for Tazewell County was held June 1800 at the residence of Henry Harman, Jr. The house site is located two tenths of a mile to the northeast. Harman’s grave is to the north. In the same burying ground is the marked grave of his . . . — Map (db m44646) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), North Tazewell — X-29 — Roark’s Gap Incident
During the French and Indian War (1754-1763) and the American Revolution (1775 1783), European powers encouraged their Indian allies to attack frontier settlers. Such conflicts took place as settlers moved into lands that once were Indian . . . — Map (db m89775) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pisgah — XY-14 — Big Crab Orchard Or Witten’s Fort
On the hillside to the south stood Big Crab Orchard Fort, also known as Witten’s Fort. Thomas Witten obtained land here in 1771 and built the fort as a neighborhood place of refuge. It was garrisoned in Dunmore’s War, 1774. — Map (db m44614) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pisgah — X-25 — Pisgah United Methodist Church
The Reverend John Kobler preached the first sermon by a Methodist in Tazewell County here in 1793 and received eleven members into the church. The church building, constructed on a parcel of land donated by Thomas Peery, was the first church of any . . . — Map (db m44644) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pocahontas — XP-5 — Abb’s Valley
Five miles southwest is Abb’s Valley, discovered by Absalom Looney. James Moore and Robert Poage were the first settlers, about 1770. In July, 1786, Shawnee Indians raided the valley, killing or carrying into captivity the Moore family. Mary (Polly) . . . — Map (db m1859) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pocahontas — XP-4 — Pocahontas
This region was visited by the explorer, Dr. Thomas Walker, in 1750. Following a report by Captain I. A. Welch in 1873, the first coal mine was opened here in 1882. Shipment of coal followed in 1883, when the Norfolk and Western Railroad reached . . . — Map (db m1846) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pocahontas — XP-7 — Pocahontas Cemetery
Pocahontas Cemetery was created after the 13 Mar. 1884 explosion in the Pocahontas East Mine that claimed the lives of at least 14 miners. Not until a month later were bodies recovered from the mine and buried together in what became the town’s . . . — Map (db m90592) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pocahontas — XP-9 — Pocahontas Mine No. 1
The Southwest Virginia Improvement Company opened Pocahontas Mine No. 1, the first to exploit the rich seams of the Pocahontas Coalfield, in 1882. An extension of the Norfolk and Western Railway soon followed, bringing industrial development to . . . — Map (db m104975) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pocahontas — XP-8 — Town of Pocahontas Commercial District
The Southwest Virginia Improvement Company first developed a town at Pocahontas in 1881-82 to house its workers and support its mining efforts. The commercial district lay along Centre and St. Clair Streets. The 1884 Company Store, the first . . . — Map (db m104979) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Richlands — XL-4 — Richlands
This fertile region was known as Richlands from an early period. In 1782 and later Richlands was a militia station for frontier defense. The town was laid off in 1890, with the coming of the Norfolk and Western Railroad, and was incorporated in . . . — Map (db m104946) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Tazewell — X-12 — Burke’s Garden
Eight miles east is Burke’s Garden, discovered by James Burke in 1749. Major Lewis’s expedition against the Indians, 1756, camped there, and Burke’s fort was there in 1774. In 1781 Indians raided into Burke’s Garden, carrying off the wife and . . . — Map (db m44669) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Tazewell — XH-1 — Molly Tynes’s Ride
To the north stood Rocky Dell, the home of Samuel Tynes. In July 1863, during the Civil War, Union Col. John T. Toland led the cavalry expedition from West Virginia to destroy the Virginia & Tennessee R.R. at Wythesville. The Federals camped nearby . . . — Map (db m108583) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Tazewell — X-11 — Tazewell
The town was laid off as the county seat, in 1800, when Tazewell County was formed, on land given by William Peery and Samuel Ferguson. First known as Jeffersonville, the name was changed to Tazewell, for Senator Henry Tazewell. Averell was here in . . . — Map (db m90624) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Tazewell — X-10 — William Wynne’s Fort
On the hillside to the north stood Wynne’s Fort. A settlement was made here as early as 1752. Some years later William Wynne obtained land here and built a neighborhood fort. After 1776 the state government built a fort and garrisoned it. — Map (db m90625) HM

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