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Lincoln County Kentucky Historical Markers

 
William Whitley House image, Touch for more information
By Tom Bosse, April 12, 2017
William Whitley House
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — A Little Bit to Eat at the Race
The races at Sportsmanís Hill began at dawn and were followed by an elaborate breakfast which was prepared in the yard of the house and served out of doors to all the guests. A tradition that continues today at the Kentucky Derby with “The . . . — Map (db m105501) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — A View from Sportsmanís Hill
The threat of an attack by a large Native American raiding party was a very real possibility in 1788 when William Whitley established a horse race track at Sportsmanís Hill. This threat continued for the next six years. By 1794, most attacks were by . . . — Map (db m105504) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — Beginning of Horse Racing in Kentucky
Disagreements in early Kentucky were not always settled by duels, but often, by a horse race, run in a straight course of about a quarter mile distance on the public roads. Quarter horses were specifically bred to run these straight-coursed races. . . . — Map (db m105499) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — Celebration
Most American celebrations of the 18th and 19th centuries were centered about the agrarian cycle of planting and harvesting. Autumn, the harvest season, was the time for gathering of people to assist with the harvesting of crops and the trading of . . . — Map (db m105500) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — 152 — Crab Orchard Springs
Site of popular watering place 1827 until early 1930's. Famed for number and excellence of mineral springs. Crab Orchard Salts, medical remedy, produced here by evaporation. — Map (db m105265) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — Grand Gateway to Kentucky ó Crab Orchard Kentucky
Long Hunters, led by Elisha Walden, first recorded the beautiful orchard of crab apple trees in 1763. Soon, the long hunter's trail from Cumberland Gap to Crab Orchard, as it became known, carried a swelling tide of settlers. Crab Orchard, long . . . — Map (db m105269) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — 685 — On Confederate Routes
CSA Gen. J.H. Morgan's cavalry on first Kentucky raid, returning from Cynthiana, burned Dix River bridge above here and camped on July 20, 1862. Burned 120 USA wagons here and at Somerset. See map on other side. After battle of Perryville Oct. 8, . . . — Map (db m105264) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — Sportsman Hill
Panel 1 Forerunner of Kentucky Derby. Site of one of the earliest circular racetracks. Crowd gathered within the half-mile track, able to see entire race. Built about 1780 by Col. Wm. Whitley, owner of estate. A fervent patriot, he built . . . — Map (db m103736) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — 96 — Sportsman's Hill ó Whitley House
Built at Whitley's Station by Col. William Whitley, noted pioneer and Indian fighter. He was born in Virginia in 1749, came to Kentucky in 1775, and was killed at the Battle of the Thames in 1813. — Map (db m103726) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — 982 — Sportsman's Hill / Whitley House - 1785
Sportsman Hill Site of one of the earliest circular racetracks. Crowd gathered within the half-mile track, able to see entire race. Built about 1780 by Col. Wm. Whitley, owner of estate. A fervent patriot, he built track to contrast with the . . . — Map (db m103731) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — The Legacy of Sportsmanís Hill at Crab Orchard
Before his death in 1813 at the Battle of the Thames, Whitley suspended the highly competitive racing at Sportsmanís Hill when he discovered evidence that a nail had been put in the hoof of his prized horse. However, evidence in family history and . . . — Map (db m105502) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Crab Orchard — Where Racing Turned Around
“The Sport of Kings”, or horse racing, has a long tradition within the culture of the British Crown dating back to 1174, when Henry II held the first recorded royal race at Smithfield. James I had a palace and track at Newmarket where he . . . — Map (db m105503) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), McKinney — 2369 — Crash of the B-58 "Hustler"
Front At the height of the Cold War, on the night of Dec. 12, 1966, the residents of McKinney were startled by the sound of an explosion. Many locals converged on this hill to find a large fiery crater, and the wreckage of an Air Force . . . — Map (db m83448) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), McKinney — 2063 — McKinney's Fort
Built by Archibald McKinney by 1792, this early trading post was an important stop on Cumberland Trace. The settlement began as four log cabins and a stockade. Early settlers are buried in a cemetery on a knoll visible due south of this marker. In . . . — Map (db m83454) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), McKinney — 2013 — PFC William B. Baugh, USMC / Medal of Honor Winner
PFC William B. Baugh, USMC This Congressional Medal of Honor recipient born near here July 7, 1930. Baugh served with Co. G, 3rd Battalion, First Marines, First Marine Div. (Reinforced). Awarded honor posthumously for gallantry at risk of . . . — Map (db m83460) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2135 — Alcorn Homestead / Sophia K. Alcorn
Alcorn Homestead Former home of Sophia K. Alcorn. Born in Lincoln County in 1883, she invented the Tadoma method to teach deaf~blind individuals to speak through the feel of sound vibrations from the lips and cheeks. The method was named for . . . — Map (db m105362) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2492 — Baughman Mill
Completed in 1881 and originally named Lincoln Mills, it struggled to be successful until purchased by S. H. Baughman in 1892. Joined by his brothers, Jim and John, and brother-in-law, Walter McKinney, it became J. H. Baughman & Co. The mill ground . . . — Map (db m105273) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — Benjamin Logan ó 1742 - 1802
Established Logan's Fort 1775 Pioneer, Patriot, Soldier, Statesman 1925 — Map (db m114269) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2268 — Boneyville
One of several “free towns” in Lincoln Co. Created in 1867 from Hugh Haysí estate and named for founder, Napoleon Bonaparte Hays (1838-1907). “Boney” earned freedom in 1864 enlisting at Camp Nelson as Pvt., Co. C., 12th Regt. . . . — Map (db m120132) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2433 — Bright's Inn
Bright's Inn, a stagecoach stop near the Wilderness Road, was built in 1815 by Capt. John Bright. The original inn was constructed of logs, and, in 1820, a two-story limestone addition was built for travelers going from Lexington to the Cumberland . . . — Map (db m105361) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2410 — Cherokees in Kentucky
Chiefs Oconostota, Attacullaculla, & Sewanooko signed the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals in 1775 which relinquished Cherokee claims to most of present-day Kentucky. It was the largest land cession in the history of the frontier, up to that time, & led to . . . — Map (db m105391) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 774 — County Named, 1780
For Benjamin Lincoln, 1733-1810. Born Mass. In War of Revolution took Mass. Regts. to reinforce New York, 1776; at Saratoga, 1777, cut Burgoyne's communications with Canada; 1778, command of Southern Department. Commissioned by Washington to receive . . . — Map (db m49734) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 1234 — Earliest Church
The Stanford Presbyterian Church, founded 1788 on this site, on Old Wilderness Trail. Land given by Mary Briggs, sister of Gen. Benjamin Logan. Church moved to its present site, 1838; land given by Logan, one of founders. In 1797, David Rice, father . . . — Map (db m49736) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — History Written in Departures & Arrivals
The Stanford Depot has been a source of heartbreak and joy for the families of Lincoln County since May 17, 1866. The arrival of passenger service meant that loved ones departed, sometimes never to return. The first Louisville & Nashville depot, . . . — Map (db m105355) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — Isaac Shelby
The General and Statesman Isaac Shelbyís military decisions at the Battle of Kingís Mountain in 1779 secured a critical victory for America during the Revolutionary War. Before warís end, Shelby had also served in the North Carolina . . . — Map (db m120217) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — Isaac Shelby Cemetery
Isaac Shelby, soldier, statesman, and surveyor, was Kentuckyís first governor. He served from 1792 to 1796 and was re-elected in 1812. Shelby came to Kentucky in 1774 when he was hired by the Transylvania Company to survey the new Kentucky . . . — Map (db m120117) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — Kentucky's Oldest Main Street
The city of Stanford was incorporated on April 4, 1861 but its history goes back to 1775. Stanford is the second oldest permanent settlement in Kentucky and the county seat of Lincoln County, one of the original three counties of . . . — Map (db m105363) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 860 — Lincoln County
Benjamin Logan built Logan's Fort at St. Asaphs, mile to west, 1776. Kentucky County, Virginia, formed 1776. First land court, St. Asaphs 1779. Kentucky made into Lincoln, Jefferson, Fayette counties, 1780. In 1785 part of Lincoln taken for Madison . . . — Map (db m105390) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 56 — Logan's Station or St. Asaph
Colonel Benjamine Logan settled here after leaving party of Colonel Henderson at Hazel Patch because of settlement plans. Scene of courageous rescue of fallen companion by Logan in Indian attack (1777). — Map (db m49737) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 1564 — Lt. Richard Caswell Saufley / Birthplace of Naval Aviation Pioneer
Lt. Richard Caswell Saufley This aviation pioneer was awarded two Aviation Medals of Merit by the Aero Club of America: one for efficient air service in an expedition, 1914, and another for breaking the world's altitude record twice in . . . — Map (db m105409) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 1590 — McCormack Christian Church
Daniel McCormack donated land for church, graveyard and school, 1819, to replace log church built by Baptists, circa 1785. Structure was used by several denominations. In 1830 most of original members became affiliated with the Disciples of Christ, . . . — Map (db m120129) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 955 — Ottenheim
A German-Swiss settlement, 4 miles southeast, started by immigrants, early 1880s. Guided here by Joseph Ottenheimer "to this land of great opportunity" they found it to be a wilderness. Undaunted they built crude log cabins, then cleared the virgin . . . — Map (db m67852) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2457 — Stanford Female College
Side 1 The Stanford Female Seminary was incorporated by the Ky. Legislature on Feb. 26, 1869, but the name was changed to the Stanford Female College in 1871. The original brick structure (west side of building) was completed & the college . . . — Map (db m105358) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2493 — The Cedars
Side 1 This home was built in 1853 by Dr. Thomas Montgomery, son of James Montgomery, a judge and congressman. His wife, the former Evaline Whitley, was the niece of Gen. Benjamin Logan, founder of Stanford, and granddaughter of Col. William . . . — Map (db m105396) HM
Kentucky (Lincoln County), Stanford — 2177 — Wilderness Road - Loganís Station
Benjamin Logan left Booneís Road, April 15, 1775, following trace that became the final segment of “Wilderness Road.” Loganís path ran along an obscure trail from this area to Harrodsburg, then to Falls of the Ohio. The intersection of . . . — Map (db m49735) HM

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