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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Barbour County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Barbour County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Barbour County, WV (59) Harrison County, WV (63) Preston County, WV (107) Randolph County, WV (104) Taylor County, WV (50) Tucker County, WV (71) Upshur County, WV (49)  BarbourCounty(59) Barbour County (59)  HarrisonCounty(63) Harrison County (63)  PrestonCounty(107) Preston County (107)  RandolphCounty(104) Randolph County (104)  TaylorCounty(50) Taylor County (50)  TuckerCounty(71) Tucker County (71)  UpshurCounty(49) Upshur County (49)
Philippi is the county seat for Barbour County
Adjacent to Barbour County, West Virginia
      Harrison County (63)  
      Preston County (107)  
      Randolph County (104)  
      Taylor County (50)  
      Tucker County (71)  
      Upshur County (49)  
 
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1West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Battle of Laurel Hill — Tempest on the Turnpike
Union and Confederate forces clashed along the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike (the narrow paved road in the foreground) on July 7-11, 1861. Union General Morris was ordered to "amuse" General Garnett at Laurel Hill - to make him believe the main . . . Map (db m34439) HM
2West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Battle of Laurel Hill
The "Battle of Laurel Hill,” a series of lively skirmishes between Union & Confederate Troops, took place here on July 7 - 11, 1861. Armies struggled for control of the strategic Beverly & Fairmont Turnpike leading to Confederates . . . Map (db m165056) HM
3West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Camp Belington
Union troops under Brigadier General T.A. Morris, advanced from Philippi on July 7, 1861 and established a fortified camp near this site. Battle of Belington took place July 7-11. Confederates were two miles to east at Laurel Hill.Map (db m34424) HM
4West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Camp Laurel Hill — A Key to Victory — The First Campaign —
On the nearby heights, Confederate General Robert Garnett's Army of Northwestern Virginia built fortifications to defend the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike in June 1861. Many received their baptism of fire here as Garnett's 4,000 Confederates skirmished . . . Map (db m34423) HM
5West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Camp Laurel Hill
Fortified camp occupied by Confederates under Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett. June 16 - July 12, 1861. The scene of sharp skirmishes July 7-11. Garnett retreated early in the morning of July 12 after the Rich Mountain defeat.Map (db m34425) HM
6West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Cannons — Grim Weapons of War
Confederate artillery was posted here. The cannons were placed behind protective earthworks, still faintly visible today. Their fire swept the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike below. Model 1841 6-pounder field guns were used at Camp Laurel Hill. Although . . . Map (db m34440) HM
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7West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Civil War
To honor all who served North and South April 12, 1861 to April 9, 1865 donated by Laurel Mountain Post 410 Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States Belington, West Virginia March 1, 1999Map (db m34447) HM
8West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Civil War on the Beverly & Fairmont Turnpike
"A few dozen of us who had been swapping shots with the enemy's skirmishers, grew tired of the result less battle and by a common impulse - and I think without orders or officers, ran forward into the woods and attacked the Confederate works. We . . . Map (db m34456) HM
9West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Confederate Cemetery — Fallen Heroes of Laurel Hill
Within this fenced burial ground lie Confederate soldiers who died at Laurel Hill. Their number is unknown. Inscribed headboards once marked the graves. During the Civil War, disease killed more men than bullets. One soldier reported 14 graves in . . . Map (db m34441) HM
10West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Forced Flight — Confederates Abandon Laurel Hill
By July 10, 1861, Federal cannons bombarded the interior of Camp Laurel Hill. Confederates may have sought shelter among the boulders nearby. On July 11, General Garnett learned of defeat at Rich Mountain. Fearful of being trapped, Garnett . . . Map (db m155082) HM
11West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — In Honor of these whose Sacrifices Created this Hallowed Ground
Commonwealth of Virginia Sgt John B Pendleton-Co G 23rd VA Inf Pvt John H Blake-Co H 23rd VA Inf Pvt Charles H Goff- Co H 23rd VA Inf Pvt Robert M Oney-Co B 37th VA Inf Pvt Fendall C Whitlock-Co G 23rd VA Inf Pvt James K Davis-Co E . . . Map (db m165046) WM
12West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Laurel Hill
Battle of Laurel Hill, July 8, 1861, between Confederates and McClellan's army, followed by actions at Rich Mountain and Corrick's Ford, gave Federals control of State and established communication lines to the West. Fine view from peak.Map (db m34426) HM
13West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Laurel Hill — Confederate Encampment, 1861
Soldiers of the Confederate Army of the Northwest occupied this ground from June 16 to July 11, 1861. Led by General Robert S. Garnett, a West Point instructor of tactics, they dug fortifications on the Mustoe farm to block the Beverly-Fairmont . . . Map (db m34437) HM
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14West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Laurel Hill Battlefield Veterans Memorial — 1861
Pvt D. Adams Co D 1st GA Killed July 8 Pvt J. Davis Co E 23rd VA Died July 9 Pvt R. Oney Co B 37th VA Killed July 11 Ilt W. Wheeler Co I 1st GA Killed July 8 Pvt J. Blake Co H 23rd VA Killed July 9 Pvt C. Goff Co H 23rd . . . Map (db m165051) WM
15West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Meadowville
Meadowville, on the site of an Indian fort built in 1784, is a few miles north. New Jersey colonists settled there before 1800, and tavern, mills, and stores made it a trading center of the Tygarts Valley for a hundred years.Map (db m34448) HM
16West Virginia, Barbour County, Belington — Welcome to Camp Laurel Hill — Gateway to the Northwest
Confederate forces retreated from this area after the "Philippi Races" (June 3, 1861), first land battle of the Civil War. At Huttonsville, 26 miles south, Confederate General Robert S. Garnett took command of the Army of the Northwest. His goal was . . . Map (db m34455) HM
17West Virginia, Barbour County, Hopewell — Ida L. Read
Northeast, 3 1/2 miles, is the birthplace of Ida L. Reed, born November 30, 1865. She became famous for her religious writings, chiefly cantatas, poems and hymns, of which she wrote over 2000. Her hymns have been used in the services of . . . Map (db m165045) HM
18West Virginia, Barbour County, Junior — Barbour County / Randolph County
Barbour County. Formed from Harrison, Lewis, and Randolph in 1843. It is named for a distinguished Virginia jurist, Philip Pendleton Barbour. Scene of opening hostilities on land between the armies of the North and South in 1861. Randolph . . . Map (db m33928) HM
19West Virginia, Barbour County, Lost Creek — Barbour County / Harrison County
Barbour County. Formed from Harrison, Lewis and Randolph in 1843. It is named for Philip Pendleton Barbour, distinguished Virginia jurist. The scene of opening hostilities on land between the armies of the North and the South in 1861. . . . Map (db m184509) HM
20West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — "Apollo" — Created by Mark Warner '68
Warner's idea came from Sir Issac Newton's, "I Stand on the Shoulders of Giants." He named the statue "Apollo" in appreciation for the space program. Alderson-Broaddus chose it for the Centennial symbol-1971-because the college's aspirations . . . Map (db m211831) HM
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21West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — "Ruinous Effect of War" — The Civilian Population Suffers
As Union artillery fired on Philippi, Col. Dumont's infantry pounded across the covered bridge into the 500 people who lived here. In April, when the war was still a lark, local attorneys Thomas Bradford and Albert Gallatin Reger recruited men to . . . Map (db m212007) HM
22West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Barbour County Korean War Memorial — Reported permanently removed
Barbour County Post 44 Dedicated to all Barbour County Veterans who served in the Korean War. July 29, 1989Map (db m33701) WM
23West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Barbour County Korean War Memorial
Barbour County Post 44 Dedicated to all Barbour County Veterans who served in the Korean War. July 29, 1989 ☆ ☆ ☆ American Legion Post 44 Barbour County Dedicated to the honored dead of the Korean Conflict . . . Map (db m211594) WM
24West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Barbour County Vietnam Era Veterans Memorial
This monument and park are dedicated in sincere appreciation of all Barbour County Vietnam era Veterans who served this great nation - United States of America 1961 - 1973 Dedicated on May 25, 1987 by United States Senator John D. Rockefeller IV . . . Map (db m33758) HM
25West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Barbour County War Memorial
(Front):1917 - 1919 In Memory of Oscar Granville Alexander Clayton Bosworth Brandon Jesse Gordon Cole Quincy C. Dadisman Okey E. Duckworth James Blaine Hovatter Everett Earl Ice David Oren Jones Fred E. Jones John Irvin Kramer Andrew . . . Map (db m155093) WM
26West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Battle of Philippi — Talbott's Hill — The First Campaign —
(Preface):In the spring of 1861, Union forces rushed into northwestern Virginia to secure the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, protect important turnpikes, and support Unionists against Confederates. The two sides fought numerous . . . Map (db m58700) HM
27West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Battle of Philippi — The Covered Bridge — The First Campaign — Reported missing
(preface) In the spring of 1861, Union forces rushed into northwestern Virginia to secure the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, protect important turnpikes, and support Unionists against Confederates. The two sides fought numerous . . . Map (db m211897) HM
28West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Benjamin F. Kelley
Born in New Hampshire in 1807, he moved to Wheeling and worked as a merchant and as a freight agent for the B&O. He was appointed colonel of the 1st WV (90-day regiment) in 1861 and led the unit at Philippi, where he was seriously wounded. He . . . Map (db m211566) HM
29West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Birthplace - W.D. Zinn
One mile east is Woodbine Farm, birthplace of W.D. Zinn, noted farmer, writer and lecturer. He contributed much to scientific farming in this and adjoining states. "The Story of Woodbine Farm" is an autobiography of his work.Map (db m33776) HM
30West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Churchville Cavalry Flag
Churchville cavalry flag made by women of Augusta County, Virginia, and presented to the 14th Virginia Cavalry before they left for Phillipi, captured by Union troops on June 3, 1861. Original flag is at Battle Abbey in Richmond, Virginia.Map (db m211895) HM
31West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Colonel Porterfield's Headquarters Flag
Flown over the Confederate headquarters at the Virginia house on the main street in Philippi. Headquarters flag was cut down and taken by First Lieutenant Charles A. Griffin of the First (West) Virginia Volunteers from Wheeling. Original flag (6 . . . Map (db m211905) HM
32West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Confederate Escape — Union Troops Enter the Town
You are standing in the epicenter of the battlefield. Federal artillery shells rained down on this spot, and two Union infantry charges were converging here. Col. Dumont's 1,400 troops thundered across the bridge to your left just as another . . . Map (db m212006) HM
33West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Confederate Headquarters
Colonel Porterfield's Headquarters Capito Hotel June 3, 1861Map (db m212191) HM
34West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Confederate Regimental Flag
Captured at the Battle of Philippi on June 3, 1861. Original flag is at Battle Abbey in Richmond, Virginia,Map (db m211892) HM
35West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — First Amputation of the Civil War
On this site, in a Methodist Church, used as a temporary hospital, on June 3, 1861 J. E. Hanger of Mount Hope, Virginia, underwent a leg amputation by Dr. James D. Robison of the sixteenth Ohio Volunteers. This was the first amputation of the . . . Map (db m211849) HM
36West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — First Battle of a Long War — The Fight at Philippi
On June 3, 1861, at 4:30 a.m., Matilda Humphrey, whose house stood on the hill to your left, discharged a pistol at Col. Ebenezer Dumont's Union troops, trying to pull her son, Oliver, off his horse and prevent him from warning the local . . . Map (db m211890) HM
37West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — First Land Battle — Reported permanently removed
First land battle between the North and South here, June 3, 1861. Confederates under Col. Porterfield were dislodged by Federal troops from Gen. McClellan's army under Col. Kelley. The old covered bridge here was used by both armies.Map (db m211563) HM
38West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — First Land Battle
First land battle between the North and South here, June 3, 1861. Confederates under Col. Porterfield were dislodged by Federal troops from Gen. McClellan's army under Col. Kelley. The old covered bridge here was used by both armies.Map (db m211625) HM
39West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Hanger's Limb
Confederate J. E. Hanger's leg was mangled by a cannonball during the Battle of Philippi on June 3, 1861. Hanger survived a surgery that made him the first amputee of the war. After serving time in a Union prison, he returned to his home in . . . Map (db m211591) HM
40West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Heroes of World War II ☆ Honor Roll
William Draper Anglin • Denzil Ray Ashby • Cleophus L. Auvil • Monzel Barker • Richard Lavere Bartlett • Loyd Dextor Beckner • Dennis Howard Bennett • Stanley Wilson Bennett • Hayward R. Bolyard • Denzil Boyles • Lynn Jackson . . . Map (db m211568) WM
41West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Historic Campbell School
After the Civil War, Barbour County residents built this one-room school house near Volga, 8 miles SW. As one of the county's first free schools, it was the center of education for hundreds of children, providing instruction for primary through . . . Map (db m155092) HM
42West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — In Memory of the Sago Miners — January 2, 2006
And all those who have lost their lives in the pursuit of our nation's energyMap (db m193244) HM
43West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Medical Firsts — Amputation Leads to Prosthetics
As Col. Porterfield's Virginians fled past here, surgeons quickly began to help the injured. The church that stood on the left side of the street served as a hospital. James E. Hanger of the 14th Virginia Cavalry was one of the Confederate . . . Map (db m212032) HM
44West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Palmetto Flag
One of the Confederate flags captured at the Battle of Philippi, June 3, 1861. The Palmetto Flag was raised over the Philippi Court House on January 1861, the first Confederate flag to be flown in Virginia.Map (db m211894) HM
45West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Philippi
Originally called Anglin's Ford for William Anglin but later named Booth's Ferry for Daniel Booth. Near by in 1780, Richard, Cottrill, and Charity Talbott settled. Philippi was named for Judge Philip Pendleton Barbour.Map (db m33702) HM
46West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Philippi — The Federal Attack — The First Campaign — Reported permanently removed
On June 2, 1861, Federal troops advanced on Philippi from the Baltimore & Ohio rail hub at Grafton in two columns of about 1500 men each. The left column, under Col. Benjamin Kelley, took the train six miles east to Thornton, and then marched . . . Map (db m211560) HM
47West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Philippi — The Commands — The First Campaign —
Col. Benjamin F. Kelley Kelley, a railroad agent in Philadelphia and former resident of Wheeling, was called back to command the First Virginia (Union) Infantry--the first Union regiment raised in the South. He planned and led the attack on . . . Map (db m211896) HM
48West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Philippi — The Confederate Retreat — The First Campaign — Reported missing
Col. George A. Porterfield moved his newly recruited Confederates from Grafton on May 28, 1861, after receiving word of a Federal advance on the B&O Railroad. Porterfield's force a Philippi totaled no more than 775 volunteers. Few were fully trained . . . Map (db m211925) HM
49West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Philippi — The Casualties — The First Campaign — Reported missing
As Col Benjamin Kelley’s Federals pursued the Confederates through Philippi, he was shot in the upper right chest by Col. George A. Porterfield’s quartermaster. A surgeon declared it a mortal wound but Kelley recovered. In a show of respect, his men . . . Map (db m212033) HM
50West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — 97 — Philippi Mummies — Legends & Lore
In 1888 Graham Hamrick mummified human cadavers using formula unrevealed to this day. Mummies traveled the world; now reside here.Map (db m211802) HM
51West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Philippi School Cornerstone
Laid by the Masonic Fraternity August 6 AD 1921 AL 5921 AC Nadenbousch Grand Master This is the cornerstone for the Philippi grade, middle and high school that was located on this property and served Barbour County from 1921 until . . . Map (db m211626) HM
52West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Place Where Kelley was Shot
Place where Kelley was shot June 3, 1861Map (db m212192) HM
53West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Shearer Quadrangle
Named for Dr. Richard E. Shearer, President of Alderson-Broaddus College, 1951-1983. During the Shearer Administration all the buildings on this quadrangle were erected except one which was completely remodelled. New Main replaced Old Main, . . . Map (db m211842) HM
54West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — Site of Army of Occupation Office
Site of Army of Occupation Office June 3, 1861Map (db m212036) HM
55West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — The "Philippi Races" — Confederates Flee
As Union soldiers entered the town, Virginia troops came pouring out of Philippi's streets, alleys, and buildings, some getting dressed as they ran. The Confederates were soon streaming past this location as they fled to Beverly. Northern . . . Map (db m212148) HM
56West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — The Covered Bridge
The Philippi Covered Bridge across Tygart Valley River was built in 1852 by Lemuel Chenoweth of Beverly. Made of wood, with the exception of the iron bolts used to hold the segments together, it is an example of the best in covered bridge . . . Map (db m33665) HM
57West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — The Philippi Covered Bridge — Philippi, WV — Scene of the First Land Battle of the Civil War —
Constructed in 1852 by Lemuel Chenoweth; masonry by Emanuel J. O'Brien, cost $12,151.24. The covered bridge, erected in 1852, is the only two-lane bridge in the federal highway system. During the Civil War the bridge served both North and South in . . . Map (db m33762) HM
58West Virginia, Barbour County, Philippi — United States Flag
The 34-star United States Flag was in the possession of the Federals. West Virginia became the 35th state of the Union on June 20, 1863. Kiwanis Flag Circle Made possible by the estate of Dr. Hu C. Myers, a bequest to the Kiwanis Club . . . Map (db m211893) HM
59West Virginia, Barbour County, Valley Furnace — Valley Furnace
Iron ore was discovered here, 1835, by John Johnson. The Old Iron Furnace, built, 1848, was operated for six years by C.W. Bryant and Isaac Marsh. In 1850, a steam engine replaced the water power used to run fan air blast. Charcoal was fuel used. . . . Map (db m33929) HM
 
 
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Jan. 30, 2023