Dedicated to all Police, Fire, & EMS workers, & their families, who in any way gave their time, their effort, & in some cases their life, in serving & protecting the citizens of Beckley & Raleigh County.
The piece of steel on top of this . . . — — Map (db m184249) WM
Upshur County. Formed in 1851 from Lewis, Barbour, and Randolph. Named for Abel Parker Upshur, the great Virginia statesman. Samuel and John Pringle were the first settlers in 1764, and later they guided other pioneers here.
Randolph . . . — — Map (db m179503) HM
The contract for this building was signed in 1841, but it was not completed until 1845. The accommodations for the jailer's family were in the front portion of the building with a hallway separating them from the cells. In the the rear of the . . . — — Map (db m24769) HM
Built around 1792, this is one of the oldest standing houses in Beverly. It was altered to its present form circa 1835 and purchased by Adam Crawford in 1846. Union officers occupied the house after the Battle of Rich Mountain. According to . . . — — Map (db m158229) HM
Cannons mounted behind embankments on this hill made Confederate Camp Garnett a formidable position. Placed to sweep the turnpike below, they were 6-pounder smoothbores - light, mobile, and powerful at short range. Four cannons protected the . . . — — Map (db m164655) HM
The battle was fought in this pass along the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Union forces led by General William S. Rosecrans stormed down the hill behind you. Confederates on guard here took cover behind log breastworks, farm buildings and large . . . — — Map (db m23539) HM
In the spring of 1861, Union forces rushed into northwestern Virginia to secure the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, protect important turnpikes, and support Unionists against Confederates. The two sides fought numerous . . . — — Map (db m165110) HM
Situated at a crossroads on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, Beverly was a strategic location and proved to be a focal point during the Civil War. There were no large plantations here and political opinions were split, yet the majority of . . . — — Map (db m24559) HM
Nearly two decades after the ill-fated attempt of the Foyles (Files) and Taggert (Tygart) families to pioneer the area in 1754, the Tygarts Valley was finally settled by a group of families in 1772. One of this group, Jacob Westfall Sr., built a . . . — — Map (db m24561) HM
Settled about 1753 by Robert Files and David Tygart. Files' family was massacred near by. Site of Westfall's Fort, 1774. In Mt. Iser Cemetery are the Union trenches and graves of Confederate soldiers killed in Battle of Rich Mountain. — — Map (db m24579) HM
The Beverly Bank was founded in 1900 by Dr. Humboldt Yokum who served as the Bank president. Yokum was a prominent doctor and community leader. S.L. Baker was a director, and served two terms in the State Senate. Both men served as mediators to . . . — — Map (db m158753) HM
Site of old covered bridge on Staunton & Parkersburg Turnpike built in 1847 by Lemuel Chenoweth (1811-87). Burned during Civil War, he rebuilt it in 1873. Dismantled by state in 1951. Chenoweth's home, built in 1847, is southeast of old bridge . . . — — Map (db m23349) HM
The Methodist Church had its roots in Beverly from the time of its settlement. Services were first held in the private homes and lawns of congregation members. The first "church" was the log home of Dr. Benjamin Dolbeare, the first physician in . . . — — Map (db m158754) HM
This lot, originally part of the James Westfall plantation, was used as a public playground prior to the chartering of Beverly in 1790. In 1813, county plans were to use this lot as the site for the new jail. Adam Myers, owner of the Valley House . . . — — Map (db m158757) HM
In the 1830s Isaac Baker, Sr. bought a two-story log house on this site from the heirs of Daniel Capito. The Bakers lived here and operated a hotel called the Rising Sun. In 1843, Baker lost the property because of debts, and the house and lot were . . . — — Map (db m159010) HM
The Blackman-Bosworth Store building was built 1827-28 by David Blackman on lot #14. It originally stood next to the James Westfall log house that had been used as an early courthouse. Slaves built the store building, supervised by bricklayer J.W. . . . — — Map (db m159011) HM
Judson Blackman, son of businessman David Blackman who owned the store across the street, started construction on this brick home in 1861, but it was not completed until after the Civil War. The brick for the house was made on family-owned property . . . — — Map (db m24547) HM
This house, located on a part of original town lot #4, was built about 1850. It was the home of Bushrod Crawford who also operated a store in the building with his brother Absalom. Brushrod Crawford ran against John Hughes in February of 1861 for . . . — — Map (db m159015) HM
Crozet - Chenoweth Memorial road to Col. Claudius Crozet, leader in building the Northwestern and the Staunton and Parkersburg turnpikes. Here was the home of Lemuel Chenoweth, who designed and built many wooden bridges in W. Va. which became . . . — — Map (db m23345) HM
Edward Hart, son of John Hart who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, purchased the house standing here in 1795. Col. David Goff, a prominent Beverly lawyer, purchased it in 1830, and added the larger front portion of the house, . . . — — Map (db m24518) HM
This house contains the foundation, chimney, and logs from an earlier log cabin built on this site by Beverly pioneer Edward Hart. A son of John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of the Independence from New Jersey, Edward relocated here in 1788 . . . — — Map (db m24790) HM
General Rosecrans led a brigade of nearly 2,000 Union soldiers through dense wilderness to the summit of Rich Mountain. His guide was young David Hart, son of a family living here at the pass. Leaving camp on Roaring Creek before dawn, Rosecrans' . . . — — Map (db m23576) HM
This may be the oldest existing structure in Beverly. Local tradition says James Westfall built the first floor of the north section of this home as a log fort in 1772-74. Deed records are confused, but the log section of the house certainly . . . — — Map (db m24734) HM
This circuit clerk's office was in a wing added to the east side of the Courthouse in 1838. In 1907, Aries Hill built this store between Courthouse and the Bushrod Crawford House where the circuit clerk's office had been. The door on the left leads . . . — — Map (db m24672) HM
This house was built in 1890 by Dr. Humboldt Yokum. The son of Dr. George Yokum, he grew up in the house next door. Humboldt acted as peace emissary during the controversy over moving the county seat. He rode into Elkins to head off the faction of . . . — — Map (db m24789) HM
John Earle owned the original log home situated on this property. He operated a mill on Files Creek, possibly built by Jacob Westfall near the original Westfall fort. In 1879, Earle sold this property, as well as the larger adjoining property with . . . — — Map (db m24787) HM
This cabin was originally located one mile south of Beverly, WV on State Route 219 at County Road 37, next to the Stalnaker Cemetery.
It was moved to its current location in fall of 1996. — — Map (db m159673) HM
Laura Jackson Arnold, sister of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, lived here at the time of the Civil War with her husband Jonathan and three children, Thomas, Anna, and Stark. Jonathan, a wealthy landowner, purchased this ca 1820 brick house in 1845. . . . — — Map (db m164653) HM
Arnold, sister of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson, was a strong Unionist during the Civil War. She opened her home to Union soldiers and nursed those who were sick. In 1897, Arnold was made an honorary member of the Society of the Army of WV. Due . . . — — Map (db m165103) HM
Local carpenter, legislator, office-holder, self-educated architect and the state's most famous builder and designer of covered bridges, Lemuel Chenoweth lived in Randolph County his entire life, 1811-1887. Bridges at Barrackville and Philippi are . . . — — Map (db m23342) HM
This last home of Lemuel Chenowith (1811-1887) was built in 1856. The unique construction features in the house demonstrate his skills as an architect, carpenter, and bridgebuilder. Lemuel and his brother Eli built a number of covered bridges on . . . — — Map (db m24481) HM
Marked by the remnants of Union entrenchments from the occupation of Beverly after the Battle of Rich Mountain, the Confederate cemetery atop Mt. Iser contains the graves of at least 70 persons killed near here during the Civil War. Calvin Collett . . . — — Map (db m189214) HM
Life in Beverly changed following the Union victory at Rich Mountain on July 11, 1861. Many of the community’s outspoken Southern sympathizers fled south. Some of those who remained resented the hardship that came with Union occupation, although . . . — — Map (db m155078) HM
This building was reputedly built by a Mr. Phillips, and was purchased in 1791 by Peter Buckey. He operated a hotel and a tavern here before moving up the street to open the Buckey House hotel. Peter also ran a tannery on the land just north of the . . . — — Map (db m158317) HM
The Beverly Presbyterian Church came into existence as part of the United Congregations of Tygat Valley in 1788 and was formally organized on March 1, 1820 under Reverend Aretas Loomis. Services were held in the 1808 courthouse until the first . . . — — Map (db m24735) HM
The Beverly Academy built by Lernuel Chenoweth in 1858 replaced the "old log school"
on Court Street. The probable location of the academy was east of US Route
250-219 and just north of the toll house on the then Beverly and Fairmont . . . — — Map (db m165117) HM
The first county jail was a log structure on the west side of Jacob (now Main) Street. It was completed by Edward Hart in April 1790. The second jail was this 1813 brick building, across from the log one, on the lot purchased by the county . . . — — Map (db m24571) HM
In June 1808, a committee was appointed to contract the building of a brick courthouse to replace the original log structure on Court Street. This building cost approximately $1200, including $35 for hinges and other ironwork paid to Solomon . . . — — Map (db m159286) HM
On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they later . . . — — Map (db m159285) HM
On July 11, 1861, a Federal flank attack surprised Confederates guarding this pass The battle of Rich Mountain took place here where the Staunton-Parkersburg turnpike crossed the crest of the mountain. About 2:30 pm, the Union forces began . . . — — Map (db m156078) HM
(East Side): Battle of Rich Mountain fought here July 11, 1861. In a surprise attack, Gen. W.S. Rosecrans defeated Confederates led by Capt. J.A. deLagnel. Battle was decisive in McClellan's N.W. Virginia campaign. (West Side): Rich . . . — — Map (db m23585) HM
This Stone Commemorates: Robert Foyles & Family, killed by Indians 1753, half mi. S. settlement of David Tygart, 2 mi. S. near bridge. First English settlers west of Alleghenies. Westfalls Fort, built 1774, half mi. S. Battle of . . . — — Map (db m151996) HM
Rosser Raid. On the morning of January 11, 1865, Confederate Gen. Thomas Rosser led 300 soldiers against Col. Robert Youart's Union troops at Beverly. Despite being severely outnumbered, Rosser's men captured the town in under an hour. Though . . . — — Map (db m178476) HM
In 1811, John Goff sold this property with its one-story log house to Archibald Earle. William and Anna Rowan bought the property from Franklin Leonard in 1838. Rowan served as constable and deputy sheriff for over thirty years. He also operated a . . . — — Map (db m24515) HM
West Virginia, born of a nation divided, was the setting for the first campaign of America's Civil War. Although still part of Virginia in 1861, many citizens of the west remained loyal to the Union, rather than the Confederacy. By late May, Union . . . — — Map (db m193394) HM
Here stood the Hart House, surrounded by fierce fighting during the Battle of Rich Mountain. Joseph Hart, grandson of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was an avid Union supporter who fled with his family when Confederates seized the . . . — — Map (db m23584) HM
Here in the stable yard, Confederate forces made their stand. A small log stable was the focal point of action. Large foundation stones still mark its location. A lone Confederate cannon stood beside the stable, blasting furiously during the battle. . . . — — Map (db m23590) HM
The third New Deal resettlement community in West Virginia, the Tygart Valley
Homesteads were established beginning in 1933 as a part of the Federal Division of
Subsistence Homesteads. 198 homes in the communities of Dailey, East Dailey, . . . — — Map (db m165096) HM
The Hart Farm was the site of a decisive victory by forces under Union General George B. McClellan on July 11, 1861.
Enjoy the interpretive markers and walking trails here at the battlefield and at Camp Garnett, which is 1½ miles west along . . . — — Map (db m165112) HM
The earliest efforts to provide relief in the coal camps were privately funded. In May 1933, as part of the
First Hundred Days legislation, Congress passed the National Industrial Recovery Act. This included funds
for the subsistence homestead . . . — — Map (db m165098) HM
Asa Gray. Asa Gray, famous Harvard botanist, discovered plants new to science as he crossed Cheat Mountain by way of the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, August 1843. He was one of the original 50 named to New York Hall of Fame.
. . . — — Map (db m82232) HM
"Our tents were pitched on a rocky point with a fine forest on every side and a magnificent view of the Alleghenies on front of us, a beautiful romantic, though desolate spot." - William Houghton, 14th Indiana Infantry, July 16, 186 . . . — — Map (db m58245) HM
Union soldiers built the main earthworks here to provide defense. They made the embankment by forming a crib with spruce logs. The crib was then filled with earth and stone.
Such a fortification would provide protection from rifle and artillery . . . — — Map (db m58241) HM
This area is where troops were quartered. Most cabins within the earthworks were lumber structures with bark roofs. These measured roughly 40 feet by 20 feet and were extremely crowed at times. The circular mounds usually represent collapsed . . . — — Map (db m58249) HM
Also called Fort Milroy. Fortified camp in gap at the crest of White Top of Cheat Mountain. Occupied by Federal troops during fall and winter of 1861-1862; repulsed threats in Lee's mountain campaign of 1861. Fort's command of the . . . — — Map (db m46328) HM
Cheat Summit Fort, also called “Fort Milroy,” was constructed by Federal troops in the summer of 1861. The fort was positioned to control the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Initial work was conducted by six companies of the 14th Indiana . . . — — Map (db m58239) HM
Federal forces built Cheat Summit Fort to control the strategic Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, the road below you. It ran from Virginia to Parkersburg, (West) Virginia. When finished, the turnpike opened the first continuous route between Richmond . . . — — Map (db m58243) HM
Near this point the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike crossed the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River, going over Cheat Mountain at a high point of almost 4000 feet at White Top. The Shavers Fork forms a high elevation . . . — — Map (db m58251) HM
Jimtown. Formerly known as Fair Hope for one-room school located at the junction of Findley and Yeager Roads circa 1898 to 1953. Later named for James J. "Squire Jim" Phillips (1855-1937), a former Justice of the Peace. During the Civil War, . . . — — Map (db m61075) HM
A federal New Deal project to move families back to the land during the Great Depression. Homes had water, electricity, barn, chicken coop, cellar and garden. Community had school, store, gas station, workshops, lumber mill, and quarry. U.S. . . . — — Map (db m34427) HM
In memorial to our Marines of the Multi-National Peacekeeping Force, Lebanon – 1983.
West Virginia — Semper Fidelis
Cpl. Mecot Camara, Hinton • Lcpl. Russell Cyzick, Star City • HM2 Marion E. Kees, Martinsburg • Lcpl. David . . . — — Map (db m9363) HM
In 1774 Capt. Benjamin Wilson was made a colonel in Lord Dunmore's army when it invaded the Indian country. He was active in concluding peace with west Indians at the Pickaway Plains in Ohio after the Battle of Point Pleasant. — — Map (db m178470) HM
Named for Senator Stephen B. Elkins. Home of Senator Henry G. Davis. Headquarters for the Monongahela National Forest. Near site of Friend’s Fort, built 1772. Old Seneca Indian Trail crosses the campus of Davis and Elkins College. — — Map (db m9360) HM
This post was named for Capt. Hoddie Wilbur Daniels, M.D., a native of Randolph County and a practicing physician in Elkins for over 20 years prior to his volunteering in the Medical Corps, U.S. Army in 1917.
He went to France with the 38th . . . — — Map (db m178457) HM WM
Home of Gov. Herman Guy Kump. Built 1924-25, on site of Civil War-era Goddin Tavern. Designed by Clarence Harding of Washington, DC. Eleanor Roosevelt and other notables were guests during 1930s and '40s. Named to National . . . — — Map (db m23300) HM
World War IHonoring those who died in World War I we remember the day, in human history, when the United States with compassion and dedication spent her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth. God helping her, she could do no . . . — — Map (db m33562) WM
Stephen Benton Elkins. Businessman, politician, co-founder City of Elkins. Born in Ohio, 1841; died in Washington, DC, 1911. Secretary of War, 1891–1893; U.S. Senator from WV, 1895–1911. National figure in Republican Party for more . . . — — Map (db m14433) HM
Originally a grain mill, the Darden Mill was an important part of the industrial railyard.
Built in 1902 by the Elkins Milling company, the steam-powered roller miller was converted to electric in 1910. Product such as flour, cereals, . . . — — Map (db m178466) HM
Built as the center of booming railroad expansion, the new city was declared to be "decidedly the most accessible point in the State."
The sleepy village that became Elkins was selected by Senators Henry Gassaway Davis and Stephen B. . . . — — Map (db m178460) HM
You are standing at the heart of the first campaign of America's Civil War, looking west toward Rich Mountain. Late in May 1861, Gen. George B. McClellan moved troops across the Ohio River "to secure Western Virginia for the Union" and to protect . . . — — Map (db m23238) HM
The Elkins Railyard was a bustling and dangerous place.
Workers serviced passenger and freight trains, and repaired locomotives and rolling stock in the adjacent roundhouse and maintenance shops. Work was often dangerous and difficult, . . . — — Map (db m178464) HM
The Greenbrier Limestone in the quarry represents the “Big Lime and Big Injun Sand” of the driller. Fish-egg like (oölitic) zones in the “Big Lime” and the basal sandy formation, the “Big Injun,” produce oil and . . . — — Map (db m9355) HM
Pendleton County. Formed in 1788 from Hardy, Augusta, Rockingham. Named for Edmund Pendleton, Virginia statesman-jurist. This county has a range of altitude of over 3500 feet. Here are Seneca Rocks, Smoke Hole, and Spruce Knob.
Randolph . . . — — Map (db m9290) HM
Tory Camps Near Harman can still be seen remains of two Tory camps where some British sympathizers hid during the American Revolution. They encamped here, 1775-1776, to escape laws enacted against them by Virginia. Seneca Trail The Seneca . . . — — Map (db m41477) HM
Settled by a group of Swiss and German immigrants who came via Brooklyn, N.Y. in 1869. In addition to farmers and herdsmen, many craftsmen and professionals were among the settlers: stone masons, carpenters and painters; wagon, shoe watch, hat and . . . — — Map (db m82282) HM
Settled by a group of Swiss and German immigrants who came via Brooklyn, N.Y. in 1869. In addition to farmers and herdsmen, many craftsmen and professionals were among the settlers: stone masons, carpenters and painters; wagon, shoe watch, hat and . . . — — Map (db m82283) HM
This village was held by Colonel George Porterfield until he was relieved of command by General Robert Garnett, (C.S.A.). In 1861, it became the headquarters of Generals George McClellan and J. J. Reynolds of the Union . . . — — Map (db m34369) HM
Bishop Francis Asbury, famed Methodist circuit rider, often visited the Potomac, Tygart’s, Greenbrier, and Monongahela Valleys. In 1790, on a journey from Georgia to New England, he preached at cabin of Benjamin Wilson in Tygart’s Valley. — — Map (db m82321) HM
Following success at Rich Mountain in July 1861, Federal troops under Gen Joseph Reynolds built Camp Elkwater to deter Confederates from returning. Fortifications here blocked the narrow valley floor and a turnpike leading to the Virginia Central . . . — — Map (db m155087) HM
Elkwater. Trenches made by Federal troops under Gen. Reynolds, 1861. Nearby were the two Haddan Indian forts, scene of the Stewart and Kinnan massacres. Important features of 4-H Club work among rural youth started here in 1915.
Col. J. . . . — — Map (db m34370) HM
After the defeat in Philippi on June 3, 1861, Confederate forces retreated to this point. Gen. Robert S. Garnett was sent to Western Virginia to reorganize these troops and halt the southeast advance of Federal forces.
Here on June 14, he . . . — — Map (db m155081) HM
(Preface): On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they . . . — — Map (db m155086) HM
Tygart's Valley Presbyterian Church, organized in 1820. A brick building erected three-fourths mile west at the cemetery was destroyed by Union soldiers in 1862-1863 and the bricks used for building flues at the winter quarters. — — Map (db m46331) HM
Confederates built Camp Garnett to block the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Soldiers here felled trees, dug trenches and stacked rocks for protection. Fortifications covered the hills overloioking this road, forming a fearsome obstacle for . . . — — Map (db m156091) HM
Confederate Stronghold Guarding the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike Confederate Brigadier General Robert S. Garnett ordered fortifications built here to control the turnpike and hold western Virginia for the South. The fort, built of earth and . . . — — Map (db m156092) HM
These earthworks protected Confederates at Camp Garnett from small arms and artillery fire. Soldiers built them by rolling large logs into place and heaping dirt and rocks from a ditch in front. Trees were felled more than 100 yards ahead, their . . . — — Map (db m23616) HM
General McClellan marched three brigades of Federal troops into position along nearby Roaring Creek. He ordered a strong scouting party up this road to test the Camp Garnett defenses on July 10, 1861. Withering infantry and artillery fire from the . . . — — Map (db m23636) HM
This turnpike connected the upper Shenandoah Valley with the Ohio River by 1847. Designed by master engineer Claudius Crozet, it was a major rock-paved roadway with toll stations. The road you are traveling follows the original turnpike route. Both . . . — — Map (db m23617) HM
Pocahontas County. Formed from Bath, Pendleton and Randolph in 1821. Named for Pocahontas, Indian princess, friend of the Jamestown settlers. Site of Droop Mountain battle, November 6, 1863. The famous Cranberry Glades are in this county.
. . . — — Map (db m165104) HM
Randolph County. Formed from Harrison in 1787. Named for Edmund Jennings Randolph, Virginia statesman and soldier. Largest county in the State. Federal dominance of the Tygart's Valley in War between the states largely determined control of . . . — — Map (db m24453) HM
"Crawford Scott 1816-1893 In commemoration of his loyalty to Abraham Lincoln and of his services as a guide to the Union forces during the Civil War of 1861-1865 while living on this farm first native of Randolph County to promote the commercial . . . — — Map (db m49138) HM