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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Golden, Colorado Historical Markers

 
1115 Washington Avenue building image, Touch for more information
By Charles T. Harrell, July 4, 2011
1115 Washington Avenue building
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 1115 Washington AvenueCity of Golden, Downtown Landmark, Historic Preservation Board
The Colorado Transcript, Colorado’s second oldest newspaper, began here on November 24, 1866. General Gorge West, a Civil War veteran, and one of the founders of Golden and the Colorado School of Mines, started the paper. Constructed in 1870, it is . . . — Map (db m49892) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 5JF562 — 1211 Washington AvenueCity of Golden, Downtown Landmark, Historic Preservation Board
The original building was constructed in 1870 by John H. Parsons and William H. Curry as the City Restaurant Hotel for an Italian immigrant Charles Garbarino. It originally had arched windows and doors on both floors and an ornate wood balcony used . . . — Map (db m49890) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 700 Tenth StreetGolden High School
City of Golden Downtown Landmark The Golden High School was dedicated in March 1924. Built on the site of the Eagle Corral and Stables, the school was hailed as the ultimate in high school construction. Designed by renowned Denver architect . . . — Map (db m50592) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 922 Washington AvenueStewart Block Building
City of Golden Downtown Landmark The Stewart Block building was completed in 1892. It served as a grocery for 52 years under a variety of owners including Caleb E. Parfet, Elvyn E. Stewart, and Leonard Vogel. The motto of the original building . . . — Map (db m50593) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — A Daring Rescue
During the Gold Rush, Rebecca Judkins and her sons William and Charles built a home near the northeast corner of 11th and Jackson Streets, just a block east of here. Bill Judkins was outside the day of June 6, 1869 when he saw something happen at . . . — Map (db m49934) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Arapahoe City
In this immediate area once stood Arapahoe City A pioneer placer mining camp the earliest town in Jefferson County. Named for the Arapaho Indians. Town company organized Nov. 29, 1858. From here went George A. Jackson and John H. Gregory . . . — Map (db m82878) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Billy Drew Bridge
(left side) Bridging Our History This bridge is the second Billy Drew Bridge erected on this site. The original Billy Drew Bridge was built in 1976 as part of Golden’s celebration of the Centennial-Bicentennial, the nation’s 200th . . . — Map (db m70396) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Bird Track
Birds are descendants of theropod (meat-eating) dinosaurs and their tracks look similar: three long narrow toes with claw marks. However, bird tracks are generally smaller than most theropod tracks. This print is wider than long and the . . . — Map (db m114062) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Bone Deposition
Dinosaur bones were deposited here on the inside of a meander by a fast-flowing stream. This deposit known as a “point bar” grew by the addition of sand, causing growth of the point bar towards the outer bank and downstream. Larger, . . . — Map (db m125104) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Brewing on Clear Creek-Coors History
In 1867, in Hamburg, Germany, young Adolphus Herman Joseph Kuhrs was preparing to stow away on a ship bound for America. By 1872, Coors had altered the spelling of his last name and arrived in the Denver area. He settled on Golden because of its . . . — Map (db m74796) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Bridge Load Ordinance Background
Colorado Transcript, September 13, 1882: “Washington Avenue Bridge was badly damaged last Saturday evening by some ignoramus driving and crowding a big drove of cattle on to it. The damage has since been repaired.”

Golden . . . — Map (db m49897) HM

Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Brontosaur Bulges
The downward bulges in the rock layers are most likely dinosaur tracks viewed in cross section. When dinosaurs walked in soft sand they sank in, pushing down and distorting the layers beneath their feet. The tracks later filled in with more . . . — Map (db m125156) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Buffalo Bill
(Upper Plaque) In Memoriam Colonel William Frederick Cody "Buffalo Bill" Noted scout and Indian fighter Born February 26, 1846 Scott County, Iowa Died January 10, 1917 Denver, Colorado (Lower Plaque) William F. Cody . . . — Map (db m29670) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Castle Rock
To the east stands Castle Rock, which is an outcropping of South Table Mountain. It is a frequently used symbol of Golden appearing on the city flag, as well as being an icon of the Coors Brewery for many years. The top of Castle Rock was a . . . — Map (db m111367) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Charles E. Kirk
In Memory of Charles E. Kirk, 1900-1981. As Douglas County extension agent (1946-65) Charlie was the motivating force in establishing 4-H in Douglas County. He was respected for his knowledge of Agriculture and admired for his help and belief in . . . — Map (db m46569) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Clear Creek
Clear Creek is one of the most popular and historic waterways of the Front Range. The Clear Creek watershed covers approximately 1550 square kilometers (600 square miles), includes five counties, and more than thirteen communities. From the . . . — Map (db m49896) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Colorado National Guard Armory
To the south on Arapahoe Street is a distinctive building made of river rock. The Armory was completed in 1913 to house Company A Engineers of the Colorado National Guard, comprised of Colorado School of Mines students. Designer James H. Gow, who . . . — Map (db m111389) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Cretaceous Time
The tan sandstone of the Dakota Group form the crest of Dinosaur Ridge and were deposited more than 100 million years ago during Cretaceous time along the western shore of the Western Interior Seaway. At that time, only low hills existed to the . . . — Map (db m125322) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Down by the Old Mill Stream
Golden had a variety of businesses and industries in operation during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among these were four flour mills-the Rock Mill, the Brick Mill, the Binder Mill, and the Golden Mill. Mill races, or ditches dug from . . . — Map (db m50596) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Early History of Clear Creek
For thousands of years native peoples have lived, hunted, and battled along this creek. The earliest western nation to claim the creek was France when it created the New World Province called Louisiana in 1682. In 1765 the French ceded the province . . . — Map (db m50598) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Farming
Since 1859 Clear Creek has provided water through irrigation ditches to farmers east of Golden. Many such ditches were dug in the 1800s, including the Welch Ditch (originally Vasquez Ditch), Church Ditch (originally Golden City & Ralston Creek . . . — Map (db m51912) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Ferrell/Berthoud Home (Miners Hotel)
John M. Ferrell came to the Golden valley from upstate New York in June of 1859. He camped on the southeastern banks of Clear Creek and created the Washington Avenue crossing for the gold rushers. When Golden was organized, Ferrell became one of its . . . — Map (db m49895) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — First Bicycle Mishap in Golden
The earliest bicycles that were popular in Golden were called velocipedes. One daredevil rider, son of Judge Boyd, who was to become a pioneer farmer east of Golden, made the following news in the Colorado Transcript on May 19, 1869 for his stunt . . . — Map (db m49933) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — First Resident/Agriculturalist
David King Wall, one of Golden’s early permanent settlers, arrived from South Bend, Indiana on April 30, 1859. He brought a great deal of garden seed and tools with him. King defied the common belief that growing a garden would be impossible due to . . . — Map (db m50595) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Fun on Courthouse Hill
“Courthouse Hill,” which is Washington Avenue south of 14th Street, was a favorite location of settler children. In the winter, sleds packed with eager youth picked up sufficient speed on the Hill to be able to coast across the . . . — Map (db m50092) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Gold
In the mid-19th Century, prospectors coming into the Clear Creek valley discovered placer gold that had been carried downstream from mountain deposits. As the sandbars containing the placer gold were mined out, prospectors traced the fold upstream . . . — Map (db m49907) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Gold in Clear Creek
From the mid-1800s, to the mid-1900s, gold mining and dredging represented an economic boon to the Clear Creek region.

In 1904, the National Dredging Company, led by Herman J. Reiling, purchased the historic Arapahoe Bar in Clear Creek, which . . . — Map (db m50601) HM

Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Golden Alarm Bell
The Golden Alarm Bell was purchased in 1904 by the original Loveland Hose Company of Golden from the C.S. Bell & Company, Hillsboro, Ohio. The bell was mounted on a tower at the corner of 9th and East Streets, the present home of the American Legion . . . — Map (db m50594) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Golden and Clear Creek
The history of Golden reflects the history of Clear Creek. Eons ago, this creek, then a raging river, coursed its way through the mountains, cutting out the canyon and leaving behind fertile soil where an abundance of plants provided food for wild . . . — Map (db m49908) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Golden City
From the beginning, Clear Creek has determined the layout of the town first known as “Golden City.” Golden is placed at an angle from the compass to align its streets to the river. The first river crossing also determined the location of . . . — Map (db m49903) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 5JF1798 — Goosetown Tavern
In Golden's early days this area was called Goosetown neighborhood. The origin of the name is uncertain. The first residents were mostly German immigrants who worked at local breweries, rail yards and smelters. Their homes were simple, wood frame . . . — Map (db m82881) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Greeley’s Crossing
In June, 1859, while the first bridge was being built over Clear Creek, the famous reporter Horace Greeley passed through Golden. He attempted to cross Clear Creek from this point on the south bank. Horace embarked on his mule from the river bank . . . — Map (db m49898) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Horace Greeley’s Crossing Point
Before the first bridge on this site was completed, travelers forded the river just east of this bridge. It became risky during the peak of the spring river flows due to the melting snows that filled the streams and rivers. In June of 1859, . . . — Map (db m50179) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Irrigation and Farming
Clear Creek irrigation ditches provide water to farmers east of Golden. Many irrigation ditches were dug in the 1800s, making the Clear Creek valley the breadbasket of early Colorado. Golden’s first resident, David King Wall, introduced irrigation . . . — Map (db m49902) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Jolly Rancher 1113 Washington AvenueCity of Golden, Downtown Landmark, Historic Preservation Board
In May of 1949, Bill and Dorothy Harmsen purchased an ice cream machine and leased a storefront on the east side of Washington Ave. The Harmsens chose the name Jolly Rancher for their store to reflect a spirit of western hospitality. High quality . . . — Map (db m49893) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Lariat Loop Byway: Buffalo Bill Museum
Lariat Loop •The Lariat Loop is a scenic circle of natural splendors, historic and cultural treasures and recreation pleasures. See spectacular mountain scenery and enjoy a vintage auto tour in foothills canyons. Welcome to 40 miles of . . . — Map (db m46567) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Lariat Loop Byway: Denver Mountain Parks
Origins of the Park System •These foothills west of Denver have long been a popular destination. In 1890 landscape architect Frederic Law Olmsted, who designed New York’s Central Park, was hired by local developers to design a resort in this . . . — Map (db m46568) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Late Jurassic Time
This is part of the Morrison Formation accumulated around 150 million years ago. Monsoonal (seasonal) rains caused flooding which dotted the terrain with small lakes, ponds, and braided streams. These served as watering holes in the drier times. . . . — Map (db m125152) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Native Americans on Clear Creek
For many years, the Ute Indians lived in the mountains west of the mouth of Clear Creek Canyon, hunting and trading with area travelers. The Arapaho, refugees from the Great Lakes region, and the Cheyenne arrived in the area during the mid-18th . . . — Map (db m49899) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Our Changing Landscape-From Sea Floor to Mountain Top
•Colorado’s geologic history dates back nearly two billion years. Several mountain ranges have been uplifted and eroded away before the rise of today’s Rocky Mountains. The landscape you see in front of you has undergone many dramatic changes. This . . . — Map (db m46438) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Palm Fronds
Large palm fronds show that the climate was much warmer than that of today. Other plant and tree types found here, such as extinct relatives of sycamore, walnut, paddle-leafed ginger and an ancient relative of the avocado, lost their leaves . . . — Map (db m114059) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Play in the Wind
Windy Saddle Park is named for the nearly constant wind currents that can be felt blowing through the foothills. Winds traveling across the plains are forced upward when they hit the Rocky Mountains, and as the air rises, it has enough force to lift . . . — Map (db m46157) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Porcelain and Malted Milk
With temperance pressures rising, Adolph Coors knew diversification was crucial to his industry. In 1910, he invested in John J. Herold’s pottery works at 8th and Ford Streets. During the middle of the decade, embargoes on German import porcelain . . . — Map (db m50090) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Recreation: Past to Present
Windy Saddle Park has a long history of being a favorite place for recreation. When Lookout Mountain Road was opened in 1914, it was a destination for the first automobile tours. The Lariat Loop Scenic and Historic Byway now passes through Windy . . . — Map (db m46155) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Rock Deformation
Mountain-building processes generate massive pressures in the earth’s crust. Such pressures cause the rock layers to tilt, buckle, or fold and sometimes to break or crack. In addition to the obvious tilting of rocks along the Dakota Hogback, . . . — Map (db m125154) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Rock Flour Millstone
. . . — Map (db m127441) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Settlement of Clear Creek Valley
In the 1700s French trading parties came to trade with the Utes. Around 1820 Americans such as the Long Expedition began to explore the Clear Creek valley. In 1834 the Estes Party discovered gold on a sand bar, later known as Arapahoe Bar, on the . . . — Map (db m50600) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Settler Farm Wife’s Initiative
Here is a story from the Colorado Transcript of August 12, 1885: “We like to hear a good story, and here is one on Jim Boyd: Last spring Jim’s wife wanted to peddle vegetables in Denver. Jim laughed at her, believing she could not even . . . — Map (db m49910) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Territorial Capital of Colorado1862 to 1867
This Tablet is the property of the State of Colorado ———— From 1862 to 1867 Golden was the Territorial Capital of Colorado Legislative sessions were held in this building (erected by W.A.H. . . . — Map (db m39337) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — The Boston Company
Seven members of the Boston Mechanics’ Mining & Trading Company, namely George West (President), Walter Pollard, James MacDonald (Business manager), Mark Leonardo Blunt (later Postmaster), James McIntyre, Lawrence Panton, and Joseph T. Bird arrived . . . — Map (db m50180) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — The Rocky Mountains
The high mountains west of here are the beginning of the Rocky Mountains. They are made up of resistant Precambrian granite and gneiss. The prominent red rocks in Red Rocks Park are the Fountain Formation, a series of sandstones and . . . — Map (db m125055) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — The White Ash Mine Disaster
For many years, Golden’s people have respected the flood waters of Clear Creek above ground. However, it was the flood below ground that claimed the most lives. On September 9, 1889, water broke into the White Ash Mine beneath Clear Creek at the . . . — Map (db m49900) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Theropod Track
First noted by Matt Mossbrucker and later described by Dr. Martin Lockley, this theropod (a carnivorous dinosaur) track was part of the top layer of sandstone at the Bone Site, 50 yards to the north. During road construction in 1937, this . . . — Map (db m125150) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Tourism
Clear Creek Canyon was also a popular tourist area. Resorts such as Beaver Brook Pavilion were built along the creek. Early travel was mostly by train. In the early 1900s automobiles became a viable way to tour. Golden Tourist Park was a popular . . . — Map (db m51913) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Transportation
In 1860, Col. Thomas W. Know, a famous traveler and editor of the Western Mountaineer newspaper, believed the route up Clear Creek Canyon was a place he “never expected to see a mule go who had his senses, or a decent regard for his . . . — Map (db m49901) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Triceratops Tracks
Triceratops: 30 feet long, 6-12 ton Herbivore Several tracks of Triceratops or a closely related horned dinosaur were discovered in this area. Among horned dinosaurs, Triceratops is the most likely track maker because many of its bones have . . . — Map (db m114058) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Triceratops Trail
Based on Late Cretaceous fossil evidence found along this trail, this area was a delta with lakes, streams and a mosaic of swamps, scrubby forests, palm tree thickets and small open areas. Impressions of logs, leaves and palm fronds suggest a . . . — Map (db m111418) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Volcanic Ash
A volcano erupted hundreds of miles from here and ash from the volcano blanketed this area, which was a swampy environment. Subsequent burial, compaction, and chemical alteration led to this four inch white to rusty orange colored claystone . . . — Map (db m125321) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Water Carves Canyons
Flowing water is the reason you see a canyon in front of you. As the Rocky Mountains lifted, water was forced to flow to either the east or the west, creating creeks and rivers. Clear Creek has been eroding this canyon for hundreds of thousands of . . . — Map (db m46156) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — What You Can See From Here Today
•This diagram illustrates the features you can see from here. North and South table Mountains are remnants of ancient lava flows now separated and eroded by Clear Creek. The Dakota Hogbacks on the left and right sides of the image were one . . . — Map (db m46439) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Windy Saddle Park / Connecting to the Past
Windy Saddle Park Jefferson County Open Space Windy Saddle Park offers sweeping scenic views and trail connections to adjoining areas. Recreation opportunities on Chimney Gulch Trail and Lookout Mountain Trail included hiking, biking and . . . — Map (db m46158) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Winter Wind on the Mesa
This stunning sculpture provides beauty and grace to the Clear Creek and Table Mountain backdrop. She was placed to honor the Native Americans indigenous to Golden, primarily the Arapahoe, Ute and Cheyenne. Funding was sponsored by Peak Properties . . . — Map (db m49894) HM

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