“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Augusta County Virginia Historical Markers

Colonel George Moffett and Mount Pleasant Markers image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, May 2, 2010
Colonel George Moffett and Mount Pleasant Markers
Virginia (Augusta County), Churchville — W-227 — Colonel George Moffett
George Moffett (1735–1811), a prominent regional military and civic leader, had joined the Augusta County militia by 1758. He participated in the French and Indian War (1756–1763), led a militia company at the Battle of Point Pleasant in . . . — Map (db m30460) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Churchville — W-156 — James Edward Hanger
Born near Churchville on 25 Feb. 1843, Hanger joined the Churchville Cavalry at Phillipi, W.Va., on 2 June 1861, where the next morning he was wounded. The resulting amputation of his leg was probably the first of the Civil War. He convalesced at . . . — Map (db m15905) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Churchville — W-79 — Last Indian Clash
Near this spot in 1764, Shawnee Indians killed John Tremble (Trimble) in the last such event in Augusta County. During the preceding decade, a series of conflicts between Native Americans and European settlers occurred along the western frontier of . . . — Map (db m30461) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Churchville — W-226 — Mount Pleasant
Mount Pleasant, a venerable stone dwelling exemplifying traditional Shenandoah Valley domestic architecture, was erected on the 1740 land grant to John Moffett from King George II. Originally known as Moffetts Bottom, early probate records reflect a . . . — Map (db m30448) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Crimoro — Jackson's Valley Campaign
Brown’s Gap, ¾ of a mile north, was one of the strategic mountain passes used in the spring of 1862 by Stonewall Jackson near the beginning and end of his whirlwind offensive. His secret military strategy took full advantage of the complex . . . — Map (db m61327) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Dooms — JD-14 — Jarman’s Gap
Five miles east, formerly known as Woods’ Gap. Michael Woods, his three sons and three Wallace sons-in-law (Andrew, Peter, William), coming from Pennsylvania via Shenandoah Valley, crossed through this pass into Albemarle County in 1734 – . . . — Map (db m16644) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fishersville — W-155/109 — Tinkling Spring ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
This was first the Southern Branch of the “Triple Forks of Shenandoah” Congregation, which called John Craig as pastor in 1741. A church was completed here about 1748; two other buildings have succeeded it. Beginning with 1777, James . . . — Map (db m122178) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fishersville — JD-12 — Woodrow Wilson General Hospital
The U.S. Army, needing stateside medical facilities during World War II, broke ground for Woodrow Wilson General Hospital here in June 1942. Named for the former U.S. president born in nearby Staunton, the hospital consisted of about 135 . . . — Map (db m106826) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fishersville — Woodrow Wilson General Hospital
Groundbreaking for the Woodrow Wilson General Hospital was June 26, 1942. The hospital was named after Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States and a native of the neighboring city of Staunton. The federal government acquired 652 . . . — Map (db m106827) HM WM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fishersville — I-18 — Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center
In 1947 the Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center became the first state comprehensive rehabilitation center in the United States. Operated by the Virginia Department of Rehabilitative Services, this residential facility offers various . . . — Map (db m50617) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fort Defiance — A-100 — Augusta Military Academy
Soon after the Civil War ended in 1865, Confederate veteran Charles S. Roller began teaching at the Old Stone Church nearby at Ft. Defiance. By 1874 he had founded Augusta Male Academy and incorporated military discipline into its classical . . . — Map (db m11900) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fort Defiance — Augusta Stone Church
This, the oldest Presbyterian house of worship in Virginia, is an eloquent memorial to the liberty-loving, god-fearing Scotch-Irish folk who first settled this part of the valley. Through their arduous labors the building was completed in 1747 . . . — Map (db m89111) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fort Defiance — A-118/84 — Augusta Stone ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
The Augusta Stone Church, Virginia's oldest Presbyterian church in continuous use west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, opened on 22 January 1749. It replaced a log meetinghouse build shortly after the congregation's founding in 1740. At the outbreak of . . . — Map (db m122177) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fort Defiance — A-119 — The Rev. John Craig(1709–1774)
John Craig, born in County Antrim, Ireland, ad educated in Edinburgh, Scotland, immigrated to America in 1734. Ordained pastor in 1740 of the two churches known as Augusta Stone and Tinkling Sprint, Craig was Virginia's first settled Presbyterian . . . — Map (db m89107) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Grottoes — W-220 — George Caleb Bingham
George Caleb Bingham, a renowned American genre painter of the 19th century, was born in a frame house just north of here on 20 March 1811. Bingham moved to Missouri in 1819, where he began painting portraits in the 1830s and later specialized in . . . — Map (db m13620) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Lyndhurst — Crop Protection from Predators
Unwanted pests and wildlife threatened crops. The scarecrow, or hay-man, was developed to deter animals from disturbing gardens. Lime and other materials were used to keep worms and insects at bay. Edge plantings helped keep rodents from eating . . . — Map (db m146206) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Lyndhurst — Everyday Hard Work - Year Round
The challenge of growing sufficient crops created hard work for farmers, who kept a wary eye out for late frosts, droughts, and excessive rain. Any of these weather conditions could prevent them from raising an adequate supply of food and threaten . . . — Map (db m146203) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Lyndhurst — Mountain Farms: A Way of Life
When fertile bottom farm land was not available or too expensive for 19th century homesteaders, mountain land provided a difficult but usually viable alternative. A mountain plot could yield a variety of crops that made it possible to sustain a . . . — Map (db m146202) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Lyndhurst — Subsistence and Survival
Imagine what it was like to farm here? Fertile land was scarce and had to be carefully used to provide food and income for families. The rocky, thin soil on the sloping small plots made the work difficult. The limited growing season, population . . . — Map (db m146204) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Lyndhurst — The Mountain Economy
After the American Revolution, prosperous farms filled the fertile Shenandoah Valley, growing food for Eastern cities. On nearby mountains like this one, descendants of Scots-Irish Protestants and other dispossessed people scraped together savings . . . — Map (db m146205) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Middlebrook — A-101 — Middlebrook Historic District
Nestled here in the countryside south of Staunton, along historic Middlebrook Road, is one of the oldest villages in the region. William and Nancy Scott sold the first 27 lots in April 1799 to Scots-Irish and German settlers. In 1851, . . . — Map (db m50388) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Middlebrook — A-106 — Mount Tabor Lutheran Church
Shenandoah Valley circuit-riding preacher Paul Henkel formed Mount Tabor Lutheran Church about 1785, several miles to the east. It shared a log building with St. John’s, a Lutheran and Reformed union congregation. Under the direction of David . . . — Map (db m50578) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Middlebrook — Virginia Institute
Near this spot stood the frame dwelling of David Frederick Bittle, pastor of Mt. Tabor Lutheran Church, in which he began in the Fall of 1842, with the assistance of Christopher C. Baughman, also a Lutheran minister, a school for young men called . . . — Map (db m50575) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Mint Spring — Avenue of Trees
This Avenue of Trees, sponsored by Clemmer-McGuffin Post 13, American Legion and Auxiliary, was given in loving memory by the people of Staunton and Augusta County in memoriam 1917-1918. — Map (db m50605) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Mount Solon — D-40 — Mossy Creek
Colonists first settled Mossy Creek in the 1740s. Mossy Creek Iron Works was founded by 1775, when partners Henry Miller and Mark Bird began operating an iron furnace, forge, and mills here. The ironworks became an important industrial enterprise . . . — Map (db m1841) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Mount Solon — W-241 — Stokesville
The village of Stokesville, established by 1901, became a boomtown after the Chesapeake Western Railway was extended here in 1902. Tram lines into the mountains brought timber to the rail head. Lumber mills, bark tanneries, a stave and heading . . . — Map (db m98139) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Mt. Sidney — A-102 — Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church
Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church traces its existence to 1789 when Shenandoah Valley circuit preacher Paul Henkel held services for the German community in a schoolhouse nearby at Seawright Springs. By 1805, the congregation had built a frame . . . — Map (db m30445) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), New Hope — Battle of PiedmontFinal Action at New Hope
The Battle of Piedmont, fought on June 5, 1864 between Union Gen. David Hunter and Confederate Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones. ended here. It began more than a mile northeast when the 12,000-man strong Federal army, whose mission was to scour the . . . — Map (db m8250) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), New Hope — A-111 — Battle of Piedmont
On 5 June 1864, Confederate Brigadier General William E, “Grumble” Jones deployed his 5,600-man force to stop Union Major General David Hunter’s advance on Staunton. The main battle line formed just south of here. Jones repulsed two . . . — Map (db m108882) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), New Hope — Piedmont Battlefield
Here on June 5, 1864, was fought the Battle of Piedmont for the possession of Staunton. Union Forces under Gen. David Hunter 12,015 men and suffered a loss of 130 killed and 650 wounded. Confederate forces numbering 5,600 men under Gen. W.E.Jones . . . — Map (db m80297) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Raphine — A-39 — New Providence Church
This church, seven and a half miles west, was organized by John Blair in 1746. Five successive church buildings have been erected. The first pastor was John Brown. Samuel Brown, second pastor, had as wife Mary Moore, captured in youth by Indians and . . . — Map (db m122187) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Raphine — A-31 — Old Providence Church
Two and a half miles northwest. As early as 1748 a log meeting house stood there. In 1793 a stone church (still standing) was built. In 1859 it was succeeded by a brick church, which gave way to the present building in 1918. In the graveyard rest . . . — Map (db m23759) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Staunton — W-231 — Augusta County Training School
A rural African-American school stood here by 1874. In 1927 a two-room elementary school serving Cedar Green and Smokey Row communities was built. The Augusta County Training School (Cedar Green School), the county’s first black consolidated school, . . . — Map (db m59711) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Staunton — A-53 — Bethel Church
Two miles west. The first church was built by Colonel Robert Doak in 1779. Captain James Tate, an elder, led in the battles of Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse (1781) a company drawn mainly from this church. In the churchyard 23 Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m32104) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Staunton — Great Indian Warrior Trading Path(The Great Philadelphia Wagon Road)
The most heavily traveled road in Colonial America passed through here, linking areas from the Great Lakes to Augusta, GA. Laid on ancient animal and Native American Trading/Warrior Paths. Indian treaties among the Governors of NY, PA, & VA and the . . . — Map (db m48469) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Staunton — I-11A — Roanoke College
Five miles west is the birthplace of Virginia Institute, founded in 1842 by David F. Bittle, assisted by Christopher C. Baughman. Chartered on January 30, 1845, as Virginia Collegiate Institute, the school was moved to Salem, Virginia, in 1847, and . . . — Map (db m32079) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Stuarts Draft — JD-15 — John Colter
John Colter, born in Stuart's Draft about 1775, was a member of the northwest expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark (1804-1806). During his subsequent, solitary explorations of the West, Colter traversed the area now comprising . . . — Map (db m46393) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Swoope — West ViewConfederate Camps — 1862 Valley Campaign —
In 1862, West View was a village of about 15 buildings including a flour mill, post office, store, wagon shop and saw mills. About 3,000 soldiers camped in the surrounding fields from April 20 to May 6. Confederates under Gen. Edward . . . — Map (db m15788) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Verona — W-234 — Grandma Moses in Augusta County
Newlyweds Anna Mary Robertson Moses (later knows as Grandma Moses) and her husband Thomas arrived in Augusta County from New York in 1887. Renting several farms before purchasing Mt. Airy, a large brick Federal style house built in 1880. The . . . — Map (db m77511) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Verona — A-99 — Willow Spout
Here stood, from the early 19th century until the mid-1900s, the tavern and stagecoach stop first owned by Peter Hanger. In 1848 its second proprietor, Samuel Harnsbarger, planted a willow tree in a spring here, across the newly-constructed Valley . . . — Map (db m11811) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Waynesboro — Z-111 — Nelson County / Augusta County
Nelson County. Nelson County was named for Thomas Nelson, Governor of Virginia from June to November, 1871. It was formed in 1807 from Amherst County. Oak Ridge, birthplace of William Cabell Rives and later the residence of Thomas Fortune Ryan, . . . — Map (db m21701) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “… to go wee did not know where”
On April 20, 1862, the Confederate garrison left Fort Johnson to protect Staunton, and to avoid being cut off from the rear by another advancing Union Army. Lt. Pryor describes the retreat from the mountain. Camp at Westview, 7 mil N, Of Staunton . . . — Map (db m16783) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “It was cold business”
February 23, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I write a few lines this morning to let you know that I am well & doing as well as I have since Iv been in the service. Well, Dear, wee had an alarm Friday knight about two oclock, and the way wee got . . . — Map (db m16776) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “We had a hardscrabble up…”
Union forces now occupied Fort Johnson and were moving to capture Staunton. “Stonewall” Jackson, moving with speed and secrecy, had arrived at the foot of Shenandoah Mountain and moved west to defeat Union Generals John C. Fremont and . . . — Map (db m16784) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “Wee are faring badly…”
Camp Shenandoah April 9th, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I take the opportunity this morning to write you a few lines to let you know that I am yet in the land of the living and enjoying good health. I thought last week that it was done snowing up here, . . . — Map (db m16777) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “Wee are now looking out for a fight…”
Camp Shenandoah April 18th, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I take the opportunity this evening to write you a few lines to let you know that I am yet in the land of the living &, thank God, enjoying good health. Wee are now looking out for a fight here; . . . — Map (db m16781) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — W-149 — Fort Edward Johnson
Confederate troops, the remnant of the Army of the Northwest commanded by Brig. Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson, constructed this fortification about 1 Apr. 1862 to protect the Shenandoah Valley, the “Breadbasket of the . . . — Map (db m15791) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — Healing the Wounds
After surviving the Battle of McDowell, in which he lost many comrades, Lt. “Shep” Pryor was later wounded in battle near Culpepper, Virginia. He survived the war, returned to his beloved Penelope, and became Sheriff of Sumter County, . . . — Map (db m16785) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — Z-110 — Highland County / Augusta CountyArea 422 Square Miles / Area 1006 Square Miles
Highland County. Formed in 1847 from Pendleton and Bath, and given its name because of its mountains. The Battle of McDowell, 1862, was fought in this county. Augusta County. Formed in 1738 from Orange and named for Augusta, Princess of . . . — Map (db m30389) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — Mountain HouseJackson's March — 1862 Valley Campaign —
The Battle of McDowell began three miles to the southeast (near the intersection of Routes 629 and 716) when Confederates were fired upon by Union cavalry on May 7, 1862. After skirmishing, Federals rushed to the base camp here, sounding the alarm . . . — Map (db m62920) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Weyers Cave — Future Farmers of America
One mile west at Weyers Cave on April 30, 1927, twenty-eight students of vocational agriculture formed the Future Farmers of Virginia which became the Future Farmers of America in 1928 at Kansas City. The organization has grown to include all of the . . . — Map (db m30414) HM

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May. 25, 2020