“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Berks County, Pennsylvania

Clickable Map of Berks County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Berks County, PA (271) Chester County, PA (302) Lancaster County, PA (460) Lebanon County, PA (79) Lehigh County, PA (124) Montgomery County, PA (259) Schuylkill County, PA (70)  BerksCounty(271) Berks County (271)  ChesterCounty(302) Chester County (302)  LancasterCounty(460) Lancaster County (460)  LebanonCounty(79) Lebanon County (79)  LehighCounty(124) Lehigh County (124)  MontgomeryCounty(259) Montgomery County (259)  SchuylkillCounty(70) Schuylkill County (70)
Reading is the county seat for Berks County
Adjacent to Berks County, Pennsylvania
      Chester County (302)  
      Lancaster County (460)  
      Lebanon County (79)  
      Lehigh County (124)  
      Montgomery County (259)  
      Schuylkill County (70)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bally — Goshenhoppen
Re-named Bally for Father Augustin Bally. The third Roman Catholic mission and first Catholic school in the State were established here in 1743 by Father Theodore SchneiderMap (db m84570) HM
2Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bernville, Jefferson Township — Christ Little Tulpehocken Church
Organized 1729, this is one of the early Lutheran churches founded by Rev. John Caspar Stoever, Jr., who started the parish records in 1730. A log church, erected before 1749, was replaced by the present stone building in 1809. Since 1853, Lutheran . . . Map (db m84515) HM
3Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bernville, Upper Bern Township — Shartlesville — Hamburg 8
Named for Colonel Peter Shartle Pioneer settler and soldier Founded 1765Map (db m98911) HM
4Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bethel, Bethel Township — Fort Henry
Built 1756; garrisoned during the French and Indian War by troops under Capt. Christian Busse. Pennsylvania's major frontier defense east of Ft. Augusta (Sunbury). The site is 3/4 mile to the northwest.Map (db m29547) HM
5Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bethel, Bethel Township — Fort Henry
1756 FORT HENRY 25 yards north of this stone. —— French and Indian War ——Map (db m30078) HM
6Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bethel, Bethel Township — Pilger Ruh
"Pilgrim's Rest" was the name given to this spring on the Tulpehocken Path by Count Zinzendorf, the Moravian missionary, on his journey to the Indian towns of Shamokin and Wyoming in 1742.Map (db m29551) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bethel, Bethel Township — 35 — Pilger Ruh
1742 Pilger Ruh (Pilgram's Rest) Named by Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf who with Conrad Weiser and Moravian Missionaries rested here besides this spring (Ludwig's Brunne) on their way to visit Shawnee Indians in Wyoming . . . Map (db m158052) HM
8Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bethel, Bethel Township — Tulpehocken Path
Fort Henry, built 1756 to guard Lebanon Valley from Delaware and Shawnee raids, stood 3/4 mile northwest of here on the Tulpehocken Path. The trail came over the mt. near where present road cutting is seen. Round Head overlooks it from east.Map (db m29542) HM
9Pennsylvania, Berks County, Bethel, Bethel Township — Tulpehocken Path
An Indian path connecting the Iroquois capital at Shamokin, now Sunbury, with the Tulpehocken Valley, ran northwest through here. It was used by ambassadors to "Brother Onas," i.e., Wm. Penn and his successors.Map (db m85726) HM
10Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — American Legion Post 626 Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the veterans in this area who served our country with honorMap (db m23757) WM
11Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — Bird Mansion
William Bird c 1706-1761 In 1751, William Bird, pioneer ironmaster, built the stone mansion which now houses the Birdsboro Community Memorial Center. The home which faced the Schuylkill River, was conveniently situated across . . . Map (db m160550) HM
12Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — 21 — Birdsboro — [Corporate Limit Marker]
Named for William Bird First Settler Founded 1740Map (db m23767) HM
13Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — Birdsboro Steel — Schuylkill River Trail
Why steel in Birdsboro? Edward and George Brooke, descendants of Ironmaster William Bird, established the Birdsboro Iron Foundry Company in 1867. With the advent of steel, the name was changed to Birdsboro Steel Foundry and Machine Company . . . Map (db m160549) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — Birdsboro Trailhead — Schuylkill River Trail — Berks County Thun Section —
Birdsboro Trailhead The trailhead here at Birdsboro was developed for use by trail users through the efforts of the Community of Birdsboro and Schuylkill River Heritage Area. The trailhead provides visitors with easy access and . . . Map (db m160540) HM
15Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — Birdsboro World War I Memorial
Roll of Honor World War 1917-1918 [Died in service] Clymer Green J. William Lutz [Names of others who served follows] Erected & Dedicated Dec. 13, 1919Map (db m23755) WM
16Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — Neighborhoods
By the mid nineteenth century, the industrial iron community of Birds-Borough had developed into an area with distinctly organized neighborhoods. Each had its own pride and identity, each its own ethnic character, and each its own special title. . . . Map (db m158350) HM
17Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — The E. & G. Brooke Iron Company World War II Memorial
To commemorate the patriotism and perpetuate the names of those who served with honor in World War II [Died in service] Albert Bryan Lewis Kennedy Nick Piergrossi [Honor Roll follows]Map (db m23752) WM
18Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro — The Mercantile
By the early 1870s, the company store at the Bird Mansion outgrew its allotted space. To solve the problem, the Brooke interest, which had taken over the local iron business, authorized the construction of a larger facility on the southwest . . . Map (db m160555) HM
19Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Amity Township — Daniel Boone — 1734 - 1820
Famous pioneer and wilderness scout, who lived in this area his first 16 years. Born 3 miles northwest on site of Daniel Boone Homestead, State historical shrine.Map (db m25167) HM
20Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Exeter Township — Baumstown World War Memorial
In Honor of the Citizens of Baumstown and vicinity who served in World Wars 1 and 2 1917-1918 1941-1945Map (db m23751) WM
Paid Advertisement
21Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Exeter Township — Daniel Boone
Greatest American pioneer and wilderness scout. Born Nov. 2, 1734. Spent the first 16 years of his life on the Boone Homestead a few miles north. Now a State historical shrine dedicated to American youth.Map (db m23776) HM
22Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Exeter Township — Daniel Boone
Greatest American pioneer and wilderness scout. Born Nov. 2, 1734. Spent the first 16 years of his life on the Boone Homestead a few miles north. Now a State historical shrine dedicated to American youth.Map (db m163362) HM
23Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Exeter Township — Daniel Boone Homestead
Here on Nov. 2, 1734, Daniel Boone was born and lived until 1750.Map (db m25166) HM
24Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Exeter Township — Hopewell Village
Hopewell Forge, 1744, and Furnace, 1770, were seven miles south. The furnace and the remains of an iron making community of the era are administered by the National Park Service, with recreation areas.Map (db m23784) HM
25Pennsylvania, Berks County, Birdsboro, Exeter Township — William Penn
On his first visit to America 1682 - 1684 came farthest north on Schuylkill River fifty miles up from the Falls of Schuylkill to or near the mouth of Monocacy Creek three fourth of a mile south-[direction erased] of this marker . . . Map (db m25202) HM
26Pennsylvania, Berks County, Boyertown — Boyertown Burial Casket Company
Established here in 1893 by C.A. Mory and Associates, it was among the largest casket manufacturers in the world and earliest traded on the N.Y. and Phila. stock exchanges. The company secured numerous patents for innovative improvements and designs . . . Map (db m84547) HM
27Pennsylvania, Berks County, Boyertown — Carl A. Spaatz — (1891-1974)
Aviation pioneer Spaatz was a 1914 graduate of West Point and a pilot in France in World War I. He rose to the rank of brigadier general in 1940 and general in 1945. During World War II he commanded the US 8th Air Force and the US Strategic Air . . . Map (db m84545) HM
28Pennsylvania, Berks County, Boyertown — Jeremiah Sweinhart and Successors
The evolution of the business located here mirrors America's changing transportation scene. In the factory begun by Mr. Sweinhart in 1872, horse-drawn carriages, farm and delivery vehicles, and sleighs were built. After 1914, bus and truck bodies, . . . Map (db m84546) HM
29Pennsylvania, Berks County, Boyertown — Rhoads Opera House Fire
A disastrous fire destroyed the theater that stood at Philadelphia Ave. & Washington St. On Jan. 13 1908. It claimed 170 Victims, many buried here, due to overcrowding, poorly designed and unmarked exits, and inadequate fire escapes. The tragedy . . . Map (db m49338) HM
30Pennsylvania, Berks County, Boyertown, Colebrookdale Township — Colebrookdale Furnace
Established on Iron Stone Creek, one half mile to the east, by James Lewis, Anthony Morris, Thomas Potts, and Thomas Rutter. Called after Colebrookdale Furnace in England, it is considered the first blast furnace to be erected in Pennsylvania, c. . . . Map (db m84544) HM
31Pennsylvania, Berks County, Boyertown, Douglass Township — Thomas Rutter
Pioneer ironmaster and opponent of slavery who died 1730. Built Pennsylvania's first ironworks nearby, 1716. In ensuing decade he erected Pine Forge and built this mansion; in 19th century it was an Underground Railroad stop. Academy was founded . . . Map (db m84540) HM
32Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Anthony Sadowski
Polish pioneer, Indian trader, settled along Schuylkill River in this area, 1712. He served the Provincial government as a messenger-interpreter during negotiations with Indian tribes in 1728. He was buried, 1736, in graveyard of St. Gabriel's . . . Map (db m25273) HM
33Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Anthony Sadowski
In memory of Anthony Sadowski Born c.1669 in Poland Died April 22, 1736 Whether or not he opened an Indian trading post on the shores of Lake Erie, and gave his name to Sandusky, Ohio, here lies the greatest Polish frontiersman of . . . Map (db m25276) HM
34Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Feuding Railroads — Schuylkill River Trail
The Rise of the Railroads Established in 1833 as the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, the Reading finished its initial 94-mile Main Line between the coal fields of Schuylkill County and Philadelphia in 1842. It fueled Philadelphia's . . . Map (db m160520) HM
35Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — George Douglass Home — 1765 — Preserved by The Historic Preservation Trust of Berks County —
A Country Manor George Douglass (1726-1799) was from a prosperous Chester County farm family. After working as a saddler and innkeeper in Reading, he moved to Morlatton by 1762 with his wife, Mary Piersol Douglass (1731-1798). Douglas soon . . . Map (db m160505) HM
36Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — James Warren
Departed this life April 7, 1776 Early settler and builder Village once known as WarrensburgMap (db m25297) HM
37Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Michael Fulp House — c. 1783 — Preserved by The Historic Preservation Trust of Berks County —
A Humble Dwelling This modest stone house was built for Michael Fulk (c. 1743 - 1808) around 1783. Unlike the mansion owned by Fulp's wealthier neighbors, such as the Douglass family just up the lane, it offers insight into the lives of the . . . Map (db m160527) HM
38Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Morlatton Vilage — An 18th Century Crossroads
Located along a ford on the Schuylkill River, Morlatton Village was established in the 18th century with the arrival of Mouns Jones and his family from modern Philadelphia. Others soon followed, becoming a part of a diverse regional settlement . . . Map (db m160513) HM
39Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Morlatton Village Trailhead — Schuylkill River Trail — Berks County Thun Section —
Morlatton Village Trailhead
Morlatton Village Trailhead was developed for use by trail users though the efforts of the Schuylkill River Heritage Area and the Historic Preservation Trust of Berks County. The trailhead provides with . . . Map (db m160514) HM
40Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Mouns Jones House — 1716 — Preserved by The Historic Preservation Trust of Berks County —
Oldest Documented House in Berks County Mans Jonasson (1663-1727) was descended from Swedes who settled in present day Philadelphia, along with the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, in 1638. Later known as Mouns Jones he was the first . . . Map (db m160529) HM
41Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — 52 — Old Swedes House —
Built by Monce Jones 1716Map (db m160516) HM
42Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Riverside Settlement and the Covered Bridge — Heritage Preserved by The Historic Preservation Trust of Berks County
An Early Riverside Settlement The Schuylkill River played an important role in the settlement and growth of Amity and Union Townships. A shallow crossing at this location allowed people and wagons to ford the river and may have been one . . . Map (db m160535) HM
43Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — St. Gabriels
Site of 1st. church in Berks Co. Founded by Swedish Lutherans 1720 Changed to Prot. Episcopal 1760Map (db m25280) HM
44Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — The Douglass Family
Wealthy and influential colonial settlers. George Douglass built his family mansion here and also the White Horse Tavern in 1765. This stage coach stop was of historical importance during the Revolutionary War. Douglassville was named . . . Map (db m25279) HM
45Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — Welcome to Morlatton Village — Settled 1704
In 1701 William Penn granted 10,000 acres of land to seventeen colonists of Swedish descent who were living in present day Philadelphia. The village within the Swedes' Tract was called Morlatton and by 1719 the entire tract became Amity Township, . . . Map (db m160499) HM
46Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — White Horse Inn — c. 1763 — Preserved by The Historic Preservation Trust of Berks County —
A Wayside Inn The first innkeepers on the White Horse tract were Swedish settler Marcus Huling and his wife, Margareta, a daughter of Mouns and Ingeborg Jones, the area's earliest European settlers. The Hulings' inn was established in the . . . Map (db m160503) HM
47Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Amity Township — William Bird, Esq.
. . . Map (db m25278) HM
48Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Exeter Township — Exeter Friends Meeting
Established 1725 as Oley; name changed to Exeter, 1742. Present stone meeting house built 1759 near site of two previous log structures. Buried here are members of the Boone, Ellis, Hughes, Lee, and Lincoln families. Meetings discontinued 1899; . . . Map (db m84536) HM
49Pennsylvania, Berks County, Douglassville, Union Township — Swedish Pioneers
First European settlers in present Berks County on land granted by William Penn, 1704-5. The home of Mounce and Ingeborg Jones, built 1716 and the oldest house in the county, stands at the opposite end of the river bridge.Map (db m84538) HM
50Pennsylvania, Berks County, Elverson, Union Township — Anthracite Furnace — A new ironmaking method
In 1853, the Hopewell partners built a hot-blast anthracite furnace here. This new furnace did not burn charcoal but used anthracite coal to smelt iron — an attempt to reduce fuel costs and increase iron production. Hopewell's anthracite . . . Map (db m23867) HM
51Pennsylvania, Berks County, Elverson, Union Township — Charcoal Kilns — Charring in ovens
In the mid-1800s, brick ovens or kilns were built here in an attempt to modernize the charcoal-making process. Believed to be economically beneficial, these kilns fired and produced charcoal but proved unsuccessful. Today the only indication of . . . Map (db m23868) HM
52Pennsylvania, Berks County, Elverson, Union Township — Charcoal Pit — Making furnace fuel
Throughout surrounding hills are remains of hundreds of pits such as this one in front of you. Workers, or colliers, tended these pits to transform wood into charcoal — a pure carbon fuel. Colliers ignited stacked wood covered with leaves and . . . Map (db m23977) HM
53Pennsylvania, Berks County, Elverson, Union Township — Cooling Shed — Hauling and cooling charcoal
Teamsters drove wagonloads of hot, newly made charcoal to this cooling shed. Paid by the load delivered, workers dumped charcoal here by removing wagon floorboards. Once charcoal cooled, it was moved and piled in the stone storage house in front of . . . Map (db m23980) HM
54Pennsylvania, Berks County, Elverson, Union Township — Headraces — Powering the water wheel
Ahead of you is a large wooden trough called a flume, part of the west headrace. Water from surrounding Hopewell land flowed down this flume and spilled into buckets on the water wheel, providing a reliable source of water to power the blast . . . Map (db m24027) HM
55Pennsylvania, Berks County, Elverson, Union Township — Ironmaster's Garden
An elaborate arrangement of flowers, herbs, and fruits once decorated these terraces. Violets, poppies, roses, daffodils, and hollyhocks were formally arranged in the ironmaster's garden. Rosemary and thyme scented the air as Hopewell's gardener . . . Map (db m23988) HM
56Pennsylvania, Berks County, Fleetwood — Fleetwood Metal Body Company
Established in 1909 by Harry C. Urich, the firm designed and fabricated custom auto bodies for the finest domestic and foreign automobile manufacturers, notably Cadillac, Duesenberg, Packard, Mercedes-Benz, ALCO, SGV, and Rolls-Royce. It was . . . Map (db m191838) HM
57Pennsylvania, Berks County, Geigertown, Robeson Township — Joanna Furnace Industrial Complex
Blowing Engine House & Hot Blast Area The mid-19th century style building with its Gothic windows housed a Weimer model 1889 steam engine to help power the Furnace. This new hot blast method of producing super heated air replaced the giant . . . Map (db m158051) HM
58Pennsylvania, Berks County, Geigertown, Robeson Township — Joanna Furnace Mansion Site
The Ironmaster's House Constructed around 1792 [,] the Joanna Furnace Mansion was the home to the ironmaster and his family. Originally, a federal style home, the house was Victorianized in 1877 by the last ironmaster and his wife -- L. Heber . . . Map (db m158257) HM
59Pennsylvania, Berks County, Geigertown, Robeson Township — Ore Roaster
The Ore Roaster was added in the Fall of 1888 to help reduce the sulfur content of lower grade ore. This processed ore greatly reduced the smelting time when placed in the Furnace. The end result was a better quality iron. Charged with . . . Map (db m158253) HM
60Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — 4th & Pine circa 1800's
[Mural] Union Roller Mills • Lizzie Neff Mansion Washington House • DienersMap (db m141062) HM
61Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — Geiger's Mill
This is a photo of the canal and tow path approaching Jacob Geiger’s mill. Mr. Geiger’s mill was steam operated and located on Schuylkill Avenue, the street that angles off just below the WWII monument north of State Street. The mill was later . . . Map (db m138473) HM
62Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — Historic Hamburg
Martin Kaercher Sr. from Germany purchased 250 acres of land called "Hamburg" in 1772. Its natural wonders made it an ideal area for agriculture and farming. Because of this attribute, "milling" is a prevalent theme in the region's history, . . . Map (db m138471) HM
63Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — Martin Kaercher Jr.
To the memory of Martin Kaercher Jr. Founder of Hamburg Martin Kaercher Sr., born in Germany in 1718, emigrated to Berks County in 1738. On Dec. 23, 1772 he acquired 'a certain tract of land called Hamburg' embracing 250 acres of . . . Map (db m141067) HM
64Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — Richard L. Etchberger — (Posthumous)
Chief Master Sergeant Richard L. Etchberger distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force on 11 March 1968. On this date, Sergeant Etchberger was manning a defensive position . . . Map (db m138498) HM WM
65Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — State Street Bridge
Pictured here is the east end of the covered bridge that crossed both the canal and Schuylkill River about one hundred yards north of the present bridge that allows State Street to extend into Tilden Township. In the fall and winter the east and . . . Map (db m138474) HM
66Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg — War Memorial
In Memory of Departed Members of Wagner Good Post No 216 V.F.W. Ladies Aux. Post No 216 V.F.W.Map (db m141065) WM
67Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hamburg, Upper Bern Township — Northkill Amish
The first organized Amish Mennonite congregation in America. Established by 1740. Disbanded following Indian attack, September 29, 1757, in which a Provincial soldier and three members of the Jacob Hochstetler family were killed near this point.Map (db m174965) HM
68Pennsylvania, Berks County, Hereford, Hereford Township — Hereford Furnace
Established by Thomas Maybury in 1745 on the west bank of the Perkiomen Creek for the purpose of manufacturing iron. Maybury is credited with producing here in 1767 the first cast-iron cooking-stove in North America.Map (db m84571) HM
69Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kempton, Albany Township — Ben Austrian — (1870-1921)
Born in Reading, this self-taught artist won international recognition for his paintings of barnyard and woodland creatures, still lifes, and landscapes. He was the creator of the famed Bon Ami chick. Ben Austrian had studios in Paris and Florida . . . Map (db m85725) HM
70Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kempton, Albany Township — Hawk Mountain Sanctuary
Founded in 1934 by Rosalie Edge, it is the world's first refuge for birds of prey. It had been a popular shooting site because of its location on a major hawk migration corridor and a 1929 bounty placed on northern goshawks. Through the work of its . . . Map (db m140170) HM
71Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kenhorst — Soldiers and Sailors Monument
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ In memory of Soldiers and Sailors St. Mary's R.C. Church who gave their lives for their country 1917 ★ 1918 World War I Frank Godziejewski • John Cieplinski • Walter . . . Map (db m161107) WM
72Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Brick-End Decorated Barns
Brick-end decorated barns are one of the finest classics of rural American architecture. These southern & central Pennsylvania barns were very expensive to build. The brick ends were constructed with designs which were formed by the gaps, or . . . Map (db m105321) HM
73Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Cider
The most common cider press of the 18th century was the two-screw press. Two men would turn the large wooden screws. As they turned, the roof was lowered onto the apple pulp. As the pressure increased, the cider flowed. The first step in . . . Map (db m105452) HM
74Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Cider Making
The first step in making cider in the days gone by was to grind the apples into pulp, called pomace in English and "dreschter" in the dialect. Then the "dreschter" was imbedded in layers of flailed rye straw. The cider press was operated by two . . . Map (db m105315) HM
75Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Colouring Easter Eggs
Although many Pa. Dutch colour their Easter eggs with commercial dyes, some still use the traditional methods. To get the different colours, various vegetables and roots are boiled with the eggs. Adler [sic - Alder] catkins and hickory . . . Map (db m105318) HM
76Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Dew of Heaven
For the Pa. Dutch, the dew which falls from heaven on the anniversary of the coming of the Christ child is supposed to have beneficial effects. Here are several examples: since the number 3 is considered lucky, three pieces of bread are hung on . . . Map (db m105511) HM
77Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Dutch Folksong Tradition
The Dutch Country, like the rest of singinging [sic] America, has a two-fold folksong tradition: secular & religious. The Pennsylvania Spiritual is an original contribution to American hymns. Of the two folksong traditions the most important in . . . Map (db m105455) HM
78Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Funeral Feasts
Raisin pie is still known as leicht (funeral pie). This pie was a favorite at the gathering of family & friends which was held after the funeral services. In fact, raisin pie was rarely served except at these funeral gatherings. The Big Valley . . . Map (db m105454) HM
79Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Griener Dunnerschdag
Literally, in the Pa. Dutch dialect this means Green Thursday. The day is also known as Holy Thursday, or Maunday Thursday. For the Pa. Dutch, the day before Good Friday became known as Green Thursday because you had to eat something green that . . . Map (db m105323) HM
80Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — New Year's Day Lore
On New Year's Day, you must say, "Happy New Year" to the flowers in your garden. If you don't, they will not bloom in the spring. To insure good luck & health all year, you should eat sauerkraut on New Year's Day. Note: To this day, roast pork, . . . Map (db m105398) HM
81Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Outdoor Bake Oven
During the 18th century, every Pa. Dutch farmscape included an outdoor bake oven. Since Pa. Dutch farm women did not yet have woodstoves, they had to devise a way to bake. Most farm kitchens contained large open-hearth fireplaces, over which . . . Map (db m105516) HM
82Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Pennsylvania Dutch Ballads
The ballad is a narrative song which deals with murder, suicide, natural calamities, & unrequited love. Although ballads were sung throughout Europe, most American ballads parallel the British Isle's ballads. Pa. Dutch ballads were often of a . . . Map (db m105313) HM
83Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Pennsylvania Half-Timbering
Although English villages such as Stratford-on-Avon, are the most famous examples of half-timbering, Pa. also has its share of these structures. There are two styles of Pa. half-timbering. The country-style has plastering between the exposed, . . . Map (db m105512) HM
84Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Quilting Lore
Prospects of marriage: after a quilt was completed at a quilting party, four unmarried girls would each take a corner of the new quilt and hold it so it sagged in the middle. A cat was put into the quilt, and then with a little jolting would run . . . Map (db m105356) HM
85Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Quilting Lore
Prospects of marriage: after a quilt was completed at a quilting party, four unmarried girls would each take a corner of the new quilt and hold it so it sagged in the middle. A cat was put into the quilt, and then with a little jolting would run . . . Map (db m105515) HM
86Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Thanksgiving & Harvest Home
New England Puritans celebrated their November Thanksgiving as a substitute for Christmas which was forbidden to them. Pa. Gay Dutch celebrated Christmas & had their own Thanksgiving called Harvest Home. A cultural conflict resulted when New . . . Map (db m105451) HM
87Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — The Bush Meeting
Shortly after the American Revolution revivalism struck the American frontier & kindled a new, totally American institution, the camp meeting. Born on the Southern frontier, the camp meeting soon invaded the Pa. Dutch Country where it was known as . . . Map (db m105450) HM
88Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — The Candlemaker
"Der licht macher" means light maker or candlemaker, who used beeswax or bayberry wax for his candles. Professional candlemakers were usually found in large towns & cities. The candlemaker hung a wick, with a small weight at the bottom from a piece . . . Map (db m105399) HM
89Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — The Conestoga Wagon
In Colonial America, the Dutchman of eastern Pa. grew the nation's wheat & the Scotch-Irishman of western Pa. made the nation's rye whiskey. Both the flour from the wheat & the whiskey were barreled for shipment to eastern seaboard markets. To . . . Map (db m105360) HM
90Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — The Mennonites
The Mennonites were named for Menno Simmons, a 16th century Dutch leader. They are descendants of the 16th century religious radicals who were known as Anabaptists. They wanted to reserve the rite of baptism for those adults who had made a . . . Map (db m105513) HM
91Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — The Moravians
In 1741, the Moravians, or the Unitas Fratrum, settled in Bethlehem Pa. Other settlements were founded in Lehigh, Northampton, & Lancaster Counties. Although they immigrated [from] Germany, & settled among other Germans in Pa., they never . . . Map (db m105514) HM
92Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — The Plain Dutch
The Pa. Dutch folk-culture is divided into two distinct elements: the "Plain" Dutch, who are in the minority, are the Amish & Mennonites: the "Gay" Dutch are, for the most part, Lutheran & Reformed. The "Plain" Dutch are biblicists: they strictly . . . Map (db m105394) HM
93Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Town Crier's House — Built in 1804 — by Valentine Stoll —
A Georgian Townhouse Built on inlot 27 & 28 of George Kutz's 1779 Town Plan. The Residence of Conrad Cupp in 1810 Town Crier in 1817 and Clerk of the Village Market. Dedicated to the Memory of Dr. Alfred L. Shoemaker Founder of the . . . Map (db m105350) HM
94Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Two Worlds - Dutch Country
The Dutch folk culture is divided into two completely different ways of life. The Amish & related religious sects represent a minority of the Dutch population & are known as Plain Dutch. The majority of Pa. Dutch Lutherans & Reformed denominations . . . Map (db m105320) HM
95Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Veterans Memorial
In memory of those who served are serving and will serve Dedicated May 30, 1967Map (db m105351) WM
96Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown — Wheelbarrow Matches
A popular form of gambling in the Old Dutch Country was the Wheelbarrow Match. Each participant would pay a fee, usually 10’ or 15’, to co[m]pete. A post was planted in a field about 100 yards from the starting point. Each contestant takes his . . . Map (db m105354) HM
97Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown, Maxatawny Township — Clarence Schock — December 22, 1865 - May 29, 1955
Born of humble background in Mount Joy, Pennsylvania, Clarence Schock grew to be a man of high principle, an extraordinarily generous philanthropist, deeply committed to the well-being of the people of his community. He established and personally . . . Map (db m161048) HM
98Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown, Maxatawny Township — Dr. Nathan C. Schaeffer — 1849 - 1919
Sixteen years principal of the Keystone State Normal School 1877 - 1893 President of the National Educational Association 1905 - 1907 Twenty six years State Superintendent of Public Instruction 1893 - 1919 A great . . . Map (db m161046) HM
99Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown, Maxatawny Township — Kutztown Airport — May 1945 • May 1995
Dedicated to Carl Bieber and Harold Miller whose dream became Kutztown Airport and to those who followed their legacy Because I fly, I laugh more than other men I have danced among the clouds and felt the blue on my lap because I fly, . . . Map (db m105349) HM
100Pennsylvania, Berks County, Kutztown, Maxatawny Township — Kutztown Army National Guard Memorial
Dedicated to the deceased members of the Kutztown Army National Guard presented by its members in 1964 Map (db m161044) WM

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Apr. 1, 2023