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Sumter County Georgia Historical Markers

 
Americus Colored Hospital Marker image, Touch for more information
By David Seibert, January 24, 2011
Americus Colored Hospital Marker
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-2 — Americus Colored Hospital
One of the earliest hospitals in southwest Georgia devoted to the care of African Americans, the Americus Colored Hospital opened in 1923. The majority of the funds needed to build the hospital were provided by Dr. W.S. Prather. Practice in the . . . — Map (db m40661) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Charles A. Lindbergh
Charles A. Lindbergh captured the hearts of Americans during his successful non-stop flight from New York to Paris in the “Spirit of St. Louis” on May 20th, 1927. This famous American Aviator purchased his first airplane and learned to . . . — Map (db m41210) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-4 — Confederate Cemetery
Here rest 129 Confederate soldiers -- 45 of them “Unknown” -- all of whom died in Confederate hospitals in Americus. These men served in the Army of Tennessee. Some were with Gen. Jubal Early in the Washington, D.C. raid in July, 1864. . . . — Map (db m40203) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-6 — Confederate Hospitals
Thousands of Confederate soldiers were patients at Foard Hospital on this site between August and December 1864. Following a disastrous fire and explosion on August 31, the patients were evacuated to the homes of townspeople and to the country; . . . — Map (db m39957) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Deadly InsectsHabitat for Humanity
Reduviid--or "kissing"--bugs live in the walls and cracks of houses in South and Central America. By depositing feces on a person's skin, the kissing bug transmits a deadly disease know as Chagas. An estimated 16 to 18 million people are . . . — Map (db m73163) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Elm Tree
The tree was grown from a branch of the original “Washington Elm” under which George Washington was sworn in as Commander of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass. in 1775. Donated to the people of Americus and Sumter County by John H. . . . — Map (db m41977) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-7 — Federal Headquarters
When Federal forces occupied Americus in 1865, the Colonel in charge selected this beautiful Greek Revival house as his headquarters. The house is believed to have been built circa 1855 by Willis A. Hawkins, associate justice of the . . . — Map (db m40187) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-10 — Georgia Southwestern State University
Georgia Southwestern State University was founded in 1906 as the Third Agricultural and Mechanical School. In 1926, the Legislature authorized the school to offer two years of college work and change the name to Third District Agricultural and . . . — Map (db m41068) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — How blocks are madeHabitat for Humanity
The Cinva-Ram Brick Press makes the kind of blocks used in many houses built by Habitat for Humanity. Bricks are made on the build site with locally available materials. Here's how it works: 1) A mixture of soil and cement is placed in the metal . . . — Map (db m73167) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-1 — Koinonia Farm
With a background in theology and agriculture, Georgia native Clarence Jordan (1912-1969), along with his wife, Florence, and Martin and Mabel England, founded Koinonia Farm in 1942. During the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, . . . — Map (db m84938) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-8 — Lindbergh's Solo FlightMay 1923
The "Lone Eagle" first flew solo in early May, 1923 from Souther Field. Charles Lindbergh had come to Americus to purchase a surplus aircraft from the World War I training center. He chose a Curtiss JN4 "Jenny." He got the plane with a brand-new . . . — Map (db m11487) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Poverty Housing: A Global EpidemicHabitat for Humanity
An estimated 1.2 billion people in the world today live on less than $1 per day. Nearly 3 billion people--close to half of the world's population--live on less than $2 per day. Home, for many families, looks something like the structures you . . . — Map (db m73162) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Rees Park
Dr. Albert Rees, a pioneer local physician, deeded the land for this park to the citizens of Americus in 1846. Two decades later, following the battlefield death of his son Lt. Lucius Gibson Rees, C.S.A. (1841-1864) near Petersburg, Virginia, this . . . — Map (db m41167) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — 129-5 — Speaker Crisp
Charles Frederick Crisp (1845-1896), Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, built this house in the 1880’s. A native of England and a veteran of service with the Confederate States Army, he had a distinguished career as judge of the . . . — Map (db m41980) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Welcome to Africa/Middle EastHabitat for Humanity
Habitat for Humanity has built houses in more than 20 countries in the Africa/Middle East region. The continent of Africa is larger than the United States. China, India and Argentina combined, and to home to nearly 1 billion people. . . . — Map (db m73166) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Welcome to Asia/PacificHabitat for Humanity
. . . — Map (db m73168) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Americus — Welcome to Latin America/CaribbeanHabitat for Humanity
Habitat for Humanity has built homes in virtually every country of Latin America and the Caribbean. The first Habitat house in the region was built in Guatemala in 1979. More Habitat homes have been built in Mexico than in any country except the . . . — Map (db m73165) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — Andersonville / Father Peter Whelan
(Side 1): The city of Andersonville was incorporated in 1853 as the village center of a small farming community. It came to national attention when Camp Sumter Prison opened here in 1864 and especially when its commandant, Capt. Henry . . . — Map (db m40948) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — 129-3 — Camp Sumter Confederate Prison Site
This was the site of the Confederacy’s largest prison camp. During the 14 months it existed in 1864-65, over 45,000 Union prisoners were confined here. Of these 12,912 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, and exposure. Declining . . . — Map (db m40147) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — 129-2 — Captain Henry Wirz1823 - 1865
Captain Henry Wirz, under the immediate command of Brigadier-General John H. Winder, C.S.A., absent on sick leave, August 1864, commanded the inner prison at Camp Sumter, April 12, 1864 to May 7, 1865. To the best of his ability he tried to obtain . . . — Map (db m40369) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — Wirz Monument
(east side) Wirz In memory Captain Henry Wirz C.S.A. Born Zurich, Switzerland, 1822 Sentenced to death and executed at Washington D.C. Nov. 10, 1865. To rescue his name from the stigma . . . — Map (db m87990) HM WM
Georgia (Sumter County), Leslie — The Luther Story Bridge
The Luther Story Bridge honoring Luther Story and veterans from Dooly County and the following named veterans from Sumter County, all of whom gave their lives in World War II or the Korean War: Autry, James A., Jr. Bankston, Howard D., Jr. . . . — Map (db m53356) WM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Always a Reckoning
I had a pony then that lacked a way to work and pay her way, except that every year or two Lady had a colt we sold, but still for less than what was due to buy the fodder, hay and corn she ate at times she couldn't be on pasture. Neither . . . — Map (db m56783) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Archery, Georgia
This rural community of Archery, established in the 1800’s, consisted of a train stop, houses of railroad employees, the St. Mark African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, a school for black youth, and a store. The community was named for Sublime . . . — Map (db m56731) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Baby Row
Miss Julia Coleman, the Plains High School superintendent, inaugurated Baby Row in the late 1930's. A special section of the school's Friendship Garden, Baby Row horned the "Little citizens of Plains." Mothers with their new babies in arms . . . — Map (db m56804) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Billy Carter Service Station
In 1954 Mill Jennings, owner and operator of Standard Oil station purchased this building from Thad Jones and moved the building to its current site. The Plains Hotel, which had recently been torn down, previously occupied the lot. Originally, the . . . — Map (db m73058) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Blacksmith Shop
Our blacksmith shop was a small building ... with... a dirt floor. The forge and anvil, drill press, and emery wheel were used daily to repair farm tools and sometimes to make them. Our horses and mules were shod there, and our plow points . . . — Map (db m56777) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Carter Warehouse
In 1951, the Carter Warehouse office was built on this location. Over the years the business grew to include a peanut shelling plant, a cotton gin and a processing plant. In 1962, Billy Carter came home from the Marines to enter the business with . . . — Map (db m73062) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Cash Crops
This fields is a small part of several hundred acres that earned a living for the Carters and the other families who lived here. Like his neighbors throughout southwest Georgia, Earl Carter mixed his plantings of cotton, corn, watermelons, sugar . . . — Map (db m56769) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Catch the Mules
Here, at the barn, the day started early. During the ... seasons all the workers arose early each morning at 4:00 a.m...., wakened by the ringing of a large farm bell. We would go to the barn and catch the mules by lantern light, put the plow . . . — Map (db m56773) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Early Days
The town of Plains was founded in 1885. Milton Leander Hudson donated land for the town, including land for a depot for the new railroad line. The train depot is the oldest building in Plains, built 1888. Originally Creek Indians inhabited this . . . — Map (db m56800) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Friendship Garden
In May 1936, the Tri-County news of Americus, Georgia, reported, "Miss Julia Coleman {superintendent of the Plains High School} has directed a program for the beautification of the {school} campus this spring, and many shrubs and flowers have been . . . — Map (db m56803) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Jimmy Carter Slept Here
Our lives then were centered almost completely around our own family and our own home... Jimmy Carter, 1975, Why Not the Best? This is the homeplace- "hot in the summer and cold in the winter"- of a Georgia farmboy who would someday sleep in . . . — Map (db m56782) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Jimmy Carter's Boyhood FarmFrom Here to Plains
Just down this path is the shady, swept-sand yard where the 39th President of the United States played as a boy, during the years of the Great Depression. This plain white farmhouse, these tangled woods, and these broad fields were home to Jimmy . . . — Map (db m56784) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Legacy of an Outdoor Childhood
"Why do you fish and hunt?" I'm often asked, The easiest answer is : "My father and all my ancestors did it before me. It's been part of my life since childhood, and part of my identity, like being a southern or a Baptist." I could add that . . . — Map (db m56766) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — M and M Cash Store
Building was erected in 1902 by Everett Lunsford, Jon E. French and Edwin Timmerman and was named the General Store. In 1909, the building was sold to Alton Carter and renamed Plains Mercantile Company. In 1934, Mr. Carter sold the building to . . . — Map (db m73059) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Never Far from Home
Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it. Proverbs 22:6 With a short walk around this farm you can just take a glimpse of the small, enclosed world that nurtured a future president. Here . . . — Map (db m56768) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Next-door Neighbors
The nearest house to ours, between the barn and the main road, was the home of a special family. Jack Clark was in charge of the barn, the mules and horses, the equipment and harness, and rarely worked in the fields... For me and the other boys... . . . — Map (db m56771) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Old Bank Building
Plains Bank was organized in 1901 by R. S. Oliver, who served as president. W. L. Thomas, vice president, and C. C. Lunsford as cashier. The Plains Bank belonged to a chain of eighty three banks operated by Banker's Trust Company of Atlanta. The . . . — Map (db m73060) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Old Carter Peanut Warehouse
Built in 1903, and intended as an hotel, the building housed retail services on the ground floor and the twenty-bed wise sanitarium on the top floor. The Wise Brothers used this location until the 1920's when they moved to the newly completed . . . — Map (db m56802) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Plains Depot
The train depot served as the Presidential Campaign Headquarters for Jimmy Carter in 1976. The depot became nationally recognized and served as the backdrop for many political speeches. In January 1977, an 18-car "Peanut Special" train departed from . . . — Map (db m56796) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Plains High School
Side 1: This school opened in 1921, racially integrated in 1966 and served students from Plains, Georgia until 1979. The school’s rich history of distinguished educators and progressive curriculum earned recognition at state and . . . — Map (db m41126) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — 129-9 — President Jimmy Carter
From this depot in 1975, James Earl Carter, Jr. launched a two-year campaign for the presidency of the United States. At first an unknown referred to as “Jimmy Who,” Carter was inaugurated as America’s 39th President on January 20, 1977. . . . — Map (db m21351) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Rosalynn Smith CarterFirst Lady of the United States of America, 1977-1981 — First Lady of Georgia, 1971-1975
Eleanor Rosalynn Smith was born in Plains on August 18, 1927 and grew up in this house. Her parents were Edgar and Allie Smith. She had two younger brothers and a sister: Jerry Smith, Murray Smith, and Allethea Smith Wall.

Rosalynn . . . — Map (db m40314) HM

Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Tennis Court
President Carter's life-long love of tennis began with his frequent, fierce contest with his father on this Georgia clay court. My father... was an excellent tennis player. ... I could never beat my father. He had a wicked slice ball which . . . — Map (db m56779) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — The Carter Family Garden
Earl Carter always had a garden to add variety to the family's meals. A community sweet potato garden was also planted and shared among the residents who lived nearby. This garden was strictly for the Carter family's use although the farm . . . — Map (db m56778) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — The Earl and Lillian Carter Home
James Earl Carter, Sr. and his family moved into this middle-class rural dwelling as its second owners in 1928, six years after the home had been built. Heating was accomplished by fireplaces and wood stoves. Initially, there was no running water . . . — Map (db m56781) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Walters Grocery Company
This section of the original Oliver McDonald Building was owned and operated by John and Katie Oliver as a grocery store in the 1930's and 40's. The store was sold to C.L. Walters, Jr. in 1943 and was renamed Walters Grocery Company. C.L. and his . . . — Map (db m73061) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Winds of Change
Purchased from a catalog in 1935 for about $100, a steel windmill like the one reconstructed here provided the Carters a welcome reprieve from the drudgery of pumping water for both the family and livestock by hand. Windpower drew water from a . . . — Map (db m56776) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Wise Sanitarium1921-1936
Built in 1921 by Doctors Samuel, Thaddeus, and Bowman Wise, sons of Dr. Burr T. and Laura Addy Wise, early settlers of Plains, this innovative hospital was known as “the Mayo Clinic of the South”. Originally opening above Plains Pharmacy . . . — Map (db m40163) HM

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