“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Cherokee County, Alabama

Clickable Map of Cherokee County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Cherokee County, AL (45) Calhoun County, AL (138) Cleburne County, AL (2) DeKalb County, AL (34) Etowah County, AL (37) Chattooga County, GA (11) Floyd County, GA (43) Polk County, GA (24)  CherokeeCounty(45) Cherokee County (45)  CalhounCounty(138) Calhoun County (138)  CleburneCounty(2) Cleburne County (2)  DeKalbCounty(34) DeKalb County (34)  EtowahCounty(37) Etowah County (37)  ChattoogaCountyGeorgia(11) Chattooga County (11)  FloydCounty(43) Floyd County (43)  PolkCounty(24) Polk County (24)
Centre is the county seat for Cherokee County
Adjacent to Cherokee County, Alabama
      Calhoun County (138)  
      Cleburne County (2)  
      DeKalb County (34)  
      Etowah County (37)  
      Chattooga County, Georgia (11)  
      Floyd County, Georgia (43)  
      Polk County, Georgia (24)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Cherokee County Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of all our servicemen who were in the Revolutionary War 1775-1783 War with Great Britain 1812-1814 Indian wars - various 1813-1837 War with Mexico 1846-1848 War Between the States 1861-1865 Spanish-American . . . Map (db m156266) WM
2 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Cornwall Furnace
The Confederate States of America in 1862 commissioned the Noble Brothers of Rome, Georgia to erect a cold blast furnace to produce needed pig iron for the war effort. The skilled labor was detailed from Confederate army personnel. It is . . . Map (db m83267) HM
3 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Cornwall FurnaceA Victim of Union General William T. Sherman
Built in late 1862 by the Noble brothers, Cornwall Furnace was named for a similar blast iron furnace in James Noble's home state of Pennsylvania. The pig iron ingots produced from this facility were taken to the Noble Foundry in Rome where they . . . Map (db m156264) HM
4 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Cornwall Furnace Memorial Park
The furnace was constructed 1862-1863 by the Nobles Brothers Foundry from Rome, GA using financing from the Confederate States of America. Slave labor was used to dig a half mile canal upstream to the Chattooga River, which powered the airblast. A . . . Map (db m156261) HM
5 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Gen. John B. Hood Headquarters
Gen. Hood, commanding the Dept. of Tennessee and Georgia for the Confederate Army, made his headquarters in this house on Oct. 19, 1864 on his retreat from Atlanta to Tennessee via Gadsden. His army numbered approximately 40,000 troops.Map (db m116615) HM
6 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Gen. N.B. Forrest Captured Col. A.D. Streight
This marks the place where Gen. N.B. Forrest with 322 men captured Col. A.D. Streight with 1466 men May 3, 1863Map (db m12306) HM
7 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Indian Village of Costa
This general area is believed to be the site of the Indian village of Costa visited by DeSoto July 2, 1540. The very old cedar trees may have been here at that time. They are some of the largest in the Southeast. These cedars are among the . . . Map (db m114988) HM
8 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Long Shadows House
Constructed around 1875 by John Seaborn Watt for his bride, Emma Chastillette Williamson, this fine example of Victorian architecture was originally located near Yancey's Bend prior to the construction of Weiss Lake. The site was going to be . . . Map (db m137844) HM
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9 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County
Area 575 square miles. Aborigines inhabited area 4000 B.C. Cherokee and Creek Historic Indians about 1300-May 1838. Hernando De Soto-First white man July 1540. First white settlers about 1810 from VA, NC, SC, GA, and Tenn. Formed Cherokee Cession . . . Map (db m133321) HM
10 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County Courthouse
The current courthouse is the fourth to be built on this site. The first courthouse, constructed of brick in 1849, burned in 1882. A second brick courthouse was built that year and it only lasted 13 years before it burned in 1895. The third brick . . . Map (db m114838) HM
11 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County Historical Museum
In November 1958, Col. Robert E. Mann and a small group of interested residents organized the Cherokee County Historical Society in Cedar Bluff with a goal to initiate the preservation of the history of Cherokee County. Over the following years, the . . . Map (db m114745) HM
12 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County Veterans War Memorial
In honor of those men and women who fought for the cause of freedom and in memory of those who paid the ultimate price and or did not make it back home World War I • World War II • Korea • Vietnam • Desert Storm This war memorial . . . Map (db m197522) WM
13 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County's Beginnings
This area had long been home to the Cherokee Indians and the first white settlers did not arrive until the early 1800's. On December 29, 1835, the Cherokees signed a controversial treaty surrendering their lands here to the U.S. Government. A short . . . Map (db m114840) HM
14 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Garrett Cemetery
Final resting place of Chief Pathkiller (B. 1749 - D. 1827) who served as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation. Many prominent early settlers are also interred here including newspaper editor and publisher, Confederate infantry captain and . . . Map (db m114282) HM
15 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Hatcher School1949-1969
Hatcher School was created as a result of the dreams and sacrifices of the people of the community. Black children in Centre had to travel to Cedar Bluff to attend school. The State purchased land and citizens of the community provided funding and . . . Map (db m133323) HM
16 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — J.D. Jordan Jr. House
This house was built in 1846 by George Walden soon after the town of Centre was laid out. The house was occupied by Judge Wm. Lafayette Whitlock who was a lawyer, delegate to the 1861 Secession Convention and judge of the 12th judicial district. . . . Map (db m120047) HM
17 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — John Johnathan Pratt
Inventor of the early typewriter—the pterotye. Born in 1831, Union Dist., S.C., died in 1905, grave 2 miles west. While registered in chancery and later editor of the National Democrat near this siteabout 1860, developed his first writing . . . Map (db m115571) HM
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18 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Johnny's Creek Mill Hole — Congo Falls Park —
The McClung brothers, J.B. and Thomas, homesteaded land on Johhny's Creek in the 1800s. The two brothers harnessed power from water that flowed over the falls to operate a sawmill and grist mill. The McClung's two mills and blacksmith shop played . . . Map (db m212844) HM
19 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Jordan Big Store
Jordan Big Store has been placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage by the Alabama Historical Commission August 10, 2017Map (db m114746) HM
20 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Mose Hampton 1808-1885Early Black Leader and Inventor in Cherokee County
Mose Hampton bought his freedom prior to the Civil War. He was a builder, assisted in laying out and surveying the town of Centre, a minister in the Episcopal Methodist North, and an inventor. Mr. Hampton owned land in the vicinity of this marker on . . . Map (db m120046) HM
21 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Orville Estes Field
Dedicated on November 19, 1948 has been listed in the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage by the Alabama Historical Commission June 27, 2019Map (db m181355) HM
22 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Pathkiller - Childers - Garrett Ferry
Cherokee Chief Pathkiller owned a ferry across the Coosa River at this location in the early 1820's. His home was a short distance on the east side of the river. Upon Pathkiller's death in 1827, John Ride, a prominent Cherokee gained a majority . . . Map (db m114281) HM
23 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Turkey Town Council Site
One mile south was an important Indian Council site from about 1707. Named for noted chief, the "Turkey". Here in October 1816, a council of Cherokees, Creeks, and Chickasaws met to settle boundaries and ratify a peace treaty. General Andrew . . . Map (db m114989) HM
24 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Arthur "Tarzan" White
Born in Lockhart, Alabama in 1915, Tarzan played alongside Bear Bryant on the University of Alabama's 1934 National Championship Team and was honored as an All-American in 1936. He went on to play for the New York Giants, winning a NFL Championship . . . Map (db m115273) HM
25 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Barry Springs Indian Stockade
One hundred feet east was one site where "The Trail of Tears" began. On May 23, 1838 the Indians of this general area, who had been held in a chestnut log stockade after being gathered by the U.S. Army, began their long trek to Oklahoma. The . . . Map (db m114398) HM
26 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Chattooga River
The river originates in Lafayette in Walker County, Georgia, flows through Chattooga County, Georgia and then enters Cherokee County before emptying into Weiss Lake. Prior to the construction of the lake, the Chattooga River converged with the Coosa . . . Map (db m137513) HM
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27 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Coe Incline
In 1902, a coal mine was opened at Lake Lahusage in neighboring DeKalb County. The mined coal was carried by a "dinky line" to the brow of Lookout Mountain at Five Points in Cherokee County. The TAG railroad built a spur line about 2½ miles in . . . Map (db m202239) HM
28 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Colonel Charles Rattray
Col. Charles Rattray served in the 57th Ill. Infantry. He served in Sherman's command at Gaylesville in October 1864. He fell in love with Theodora McWhorter and promised to return and marry her when the war ended. He was a man of his word. His . . . Map (db m202257) HM
29 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — David Hartline
David was born 4 of 12 children, served in combat in Vietnam, was wounded and is a highly decorated war veteran. David is a best selling author, a veteran advocate, and State Commander of the American Legion. He is a former college instructor and . . . Map (db m114742) HM
30 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Gaylesville
Post Office est. in 1836. During the Civil War, the main body of U.S. General William Tecumseh Sherman's Army camped around the town in October 1864. A private home served as his headquarters. Despite pleas from citizens, his troops burned the mill . . . Map (db m114532) HM
31 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — History of Taff, Alabama
Cherokee County established - 1836 Area Cherokee Indians relocated - 1838 Taff Community established - 1842 Community named in honor of Taff family - 1842 Union and Confederate soldiers occupied the area - 1864 Taff post office established . . . Map (db m114743) HM
32 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Occupation of Gaylesville
Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman commanding the Union Military Div. of the Mississippi at Summerville, GA., on Oct. 19, 1864 moved the Army of the Tennessee, the Army of the Ohio, and the Army of the Cumberland to Gaylesville. The Armies with attachments . . . Map (db m202456) HM
33 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — W.P. Brown & Sons Lumber Company
In February 1937, W.P. Brown & Sons Lumber Co. signed a contract with Alabama Power for an estimated 20,000,000 feet of saw timber. The south end of Brown's property is located 1,000 feet back of this marker and extended northward ¾ mile. Brown . . . Map (db m114741) HM
34 Alabama, Cherokee County, Leesburg — King's Hill Skirmish
On October 23, 1864, U.S. troops under Brig. Gen. W.L. Elliot, Chief of U.S. Calvary, Dept. of the Cumberland, advanced upon Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's Confederate forces positioned on King's Hill. The C.S. troop's fell back to another line of works . . . Map (db m115399) HM
35 Alabama, Cherokee County, Leesburg — Leesburg
The town's name was derived from the name of the Henslee Family which were early settlers in the community. A post office was established in 1837. The Rome & Decatur Railroad (later Southern Railway) began rail service through the town in 1888. The . . . Map (db m114747) HM
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36 Alabama, Cherokee County, Leesburg — Round Mountain Iron Furnace
(side 1) Put into blast by noted Southern ironmaster Moses Stroup in 1852, the Round Mountain Furnace was the fourth oldest blast furnace in Alabama. It was the first furnace to make use of red fossiliferous iron ore. Driven by steam . . . Map (db m139401) HM
37 Alabama, Cherokee County, Leesburg — Tennessee, Alabama & Georgia Railway
Completed in 1891 as the Chattanooga Southern Railway, the line ran 91.7 miles from Chattanooga to Gadsden. It was re-organized as the TA&G in 1911. From 1922 until 1951, the "scooter" motor car handled passenger service on the line. The railroad . . . Map (db m114744) HM
38 Alabama, Cherokee County, Sand Rock — Sand Rock
The town was named for the characteristics of local rocks. A post office was established in 1855 and closed in 1903. The Sand Rock High School Wildcats won the Class 1A football championship in 1985 and the Class 2A State softball championship in . . . Map (db m116616) HM
39 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Carmel Presbyterian Church
In 1835, pioneering families migrated from Morgan County, Georgia to Cherokee County, AL, settling in the Ambersonville area, later renamed Spring Garden. These families were members of Carmel Presbyterian Church in Morgan County and brought their . . . Map (db m132792) HM
40 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Cherokee County's Paul Revere
On the night of May 2, 1863, John H. Wisdom passed through Spring Garden on his way to warn Rome, Ga. about approaching U.S. Troops. Wisdom, originally from Rome, Ga., lived near Gadsden which was part of Cherokee Co. at that time. Upon learning . . . Map (db m133475) HM
41 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Ladiga Cavalry SkirmishOctober 28, 1864
Last fighting between armies of Hood and Sherman. Here Ferguson turned back Kilpatrick's larger force. These two armies had fought all summer from Chattanooga to Atlanta, west to here. To split South, Sherman turned, led Union forces . . . Map (db m132782) HM
42 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Rock Run Furnace
Put into blast on June 1, 1874, the furnace would change ownership two times prior to being purchased by the Bass Foundry and Machine Co. of Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1880. A rail spur was built from the furnace to Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad at . . . Map (db m114842) HM
43 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Site of Bluffton
Located 500 yards southeast of this marker. Incorporated in 1888, Bluffton was promoted as a future iron center of the South, due to large iron ore deposits and four furnaces within a four mile radius. The town soon boomed due to an influx of . . . Map (db m140001) HM
44 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Spring Garden
Was originally named Ambersonville after one of the early families that settled the community. A post office was established in 1842 as Liberty and changed to Spring Garden in 1844. The Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad began rail service through the . . . Map (db m114959) HM
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45 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Spring Garden School
During the late 1920s and early 1930s the Spring Garden School "on the hill across the road" was a two-story wooden structure. Grades one through nine were taught in two rooms upstairs and two rooms downstairs. In 1936, a new brick building was . . . Map (db m202242) HM
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May. 31, 2023