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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Brandy Station, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Culpeper County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Culpeper County, VA (145) Fauquier County, VA (110) Madison County, VA (48) Orange County, VA (156) Rappahannock County, VA (69) Spotsylvania County, VA (389) Stafford County, VA (197)  CulpeperCounty(145) Culpeper County (145)  FauquierCounty(110) Fauquier County (110)  MadisonCounty(48) Madison County (48)  OrangeCounty(156) Orange County (156)  RappahannockCounty(69) Rappahannock County (69)  SpotsylvaniaCounty(389) Spotsylvania County (389)  StaffordCounty(197) Stafford County (197)
Location of Brandy Station, Virginia
    Culpeper County (145)
    Fauquier County (110)
    Madison County (48)
    Orange County (156)
    Rappahannock County (69)
    Spotsylvania County (389)
    Stafford County (197)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-11 — Battle of Brandy Station
Here on 9 June 1863, the largest cavalry battle in North America occurred when 9,500 troopers fought 8,000 cavalrymen under Union Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton. This daylong battle, the opening engagement of the Gettysburg campaign, erupted when the . . . Map (db m2574) HM
2Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — The Largest Cavalry Battle of the Civil War
Confederate horsemen numbering 9500 under the command of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart were concentrated around Brandy Station in preparation of the upcoming raid into Pennsylvania - which would culminate at Gettysburg. The Federal army, being aware of the . . . Map (db m4364) HM
3Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — The largest cavalry action of the war
Following his stunning victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee formulated a plan to invade the North. In preparation for his army's secret withdrawal from Fredericksburg, Lee ordered his cavalry into Culpeper County . . . Map (db m91461) HM
4Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Headquarters Hill
John Strode, a prominent Revolutionary War gun manufacturer, built his manor house, Fleetwood, in the late 1700s. Strode was a friend of President Thomas Jefferson, who often stayed here when traveling between Monticello and Washington, D.C. The . . . Map (db m97488) HM
5Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Battle for Fleetwood Hill
On the evening of June 8, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his headquarters staff camped on the northern edge of Fleetwood Hill. Early the next morning, heavy gunfire from the direction of Beverly's Ford (three miles to your left rear), . . . Map (db m97490) HM
6Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — The Winter Camp of 1863-1864
The 1863 campaigns for Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, and Mine Run exacted an immense toll upon the Army of the Potomac. Union Gen. George G. Meade deemed it vital to rest his command. War Department officials also used this . . . Map (db m97493) HM
7Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Battle's Wake
Driven from Fleetwood Hill, the Union cavalry pulled back toward the Rappahannock River and halted just beyond cannon range. Observing that the sullen Federals refused to depart, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart consolidated his defensive line around . . . Map (db m97494) HM
8Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Confederate Counterattack
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart realized that his headquarters here was overrun and that Gen. William E. Jones's Brigade was fighting to survive. Stuart ordered Gen. Wade Hampton's Brigade to fall back from the St. James Church line and recapture . . . Map (db m97495) HM
9Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Kilpatrick's Attack
Col. H. Judson Kilpatrick formed his brigade on an open plateau to the southeast of Fleetwood Hill, 900 yards from here. He soon received orders to support Lt. Col. Percy Wyndham's Brigade, now fiercely engaged with Gen. William E. Jones's Brigade . . . Map (db m97499) HM
10Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Wyndham's Attack
Union Lt. Col. Percy Wyndham advanced his command from Brandy Station and centered his attack on this spot. To your right, the 1st New Jersey Cavalry ascended the slope. The 1st Maryland Cavalry occupied the center, and to your left, circling around . . . Map (db m97501) HM
11Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — June 9, 1863 Stevensburg Area
After crossing at Kelley's Ford, Col. Duffie's division on their way to Stevensburg, were met by a small Confederate force just east of Stevensburg, on Hansboro Ridge. Duffie's huge force easily pushed through the Confederates who were badly . . . Map (db m103532) HM
12Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Heights & Sights to the North & East
The commanding view from Fleetwood Hill rendered this “Famous Plateau” an ideal observation post during the war. Today the view looks much as it did in the 1860s. 1. STONY MOUNTAIN The headwaters of the Rapidan River flow from . . . Map (db m131546) HM
13Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station
Greatest cavalry battle of the Civil War • Fought June 9, 1863 • Gen. J.E.B. Stuart defeated Gen. A. Pleasonton Confederates engaged 10,200. Federals 10,900 Casualties, Confederates, 485, Federals 866 This is Fleetwood Hill The crucial position . . . Map (db m154490) HM
14Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station — Heights & Sights to the South & West
The commanding view from Fleetwood Hill rendered this “Famous Plateau” an ideal observation post during the war. Today the view looks much as it did in the 1860s. 1. COLE’S HILL During the winter of 1864, Federal Second Corps . . . Map (db m154527) HM
15Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Kelly's Ford — The Chancellorsville Campaign
On January 25, 1863, Union general Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker replaced Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the fifth commander of the demoralized eastern armies in less than two years. On taking charge of the Army of the Potomac, Hooker implemented . . . Map (db m154485) HM
16Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Kelly's Ford — Union Cavalry Comes of Age
On March 17, 1863, Union Gen. William W. Averell led 2,100 horsemen to the northern bank of the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, four miles in front of you, under orders to "rout or destroy" Confederate Gen. Fitzhugh Lee and his cavalry command . . . Map (db m154487) HM
17Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-12 — Betty Washington
Two miles south is the grave of Betty Washington Lewis, the younger sister of George Washington. She was born in Westmoreland County in 1733 and married Fielding Lewis in May 1750, becoming his second wife. Her husband purchased land in 1752 and . . . Map (db m4429) HM
18Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — George C. Hupp — Battle of Brandy Station — Fleetwood Hill —
George C. Hupp, Sergeant in K Company, 8th Illinois Cavalry, was wounded at Brandy Station Battlefield on June 9, 1863. In his Memory Great-Great-Great Grandson William J. Hupp, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, happily made a leadership . . . Map (db m154528) WM
19Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Graffiti House
Graffiti House has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Board of Historic Resources Graffiti House has been placed on the National Register of Historic . . . Map (db m170747) HM
20Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Hansborough Ridge
The Battle of Brandy Station actually occurred in several locations, miles apart. A mile in front of you is Hansborough Ridge. Late in the morning of June 9, 1863, a division of the Union Cavalry under Col. Alfred Duffie approached the ridge from . . . Map (db m103534) HM
21Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — In Memory of Major John Pelham
(south face) In memory of Major John Pelham. Born Sept. 7, 1838 in Calhoun Co. Ala. Mortally wounded March 17, 1863 near Kelley’s Ford, Va. (east face) Base stone from Kelly’s Ford battlefield near spot where Pelham fell. . . . Map (db m154526) HM
22Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Norman's Mills Ford
Serving the public as a crossing of Mountain Run on the Carolina Road (Raleigh to Philadelphia) from Colonial days until 1900, when a single lane, three span, steel truss bridge was constructed, just west of the dam. This bridge was replaced in the . . . Map (db m103529) HM
23Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-13 — Opening of the Gettysburg Campaign
On this plain Lee reviewed his cavalry, June 8, 1863. The next day the cavalry battle of Brandy Station was fought. On June 10, Ewell's Corps, from its camp near here, began the march to Pennsylvania.Map (db m4428) HM
24Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — St. James Episcopal Church
Original Site of St. James Episcopal Church 1840-1863Map (db m82295) HM
25Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter Encampment — The Federal Army of the Potomac Rebuilds
On the night of December 1, 1863, following its unsuccessful advance against Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Mine Run Campaign, a cold and tired Army of the Potomac withdrew across the Rapidan River and returned to . . . Map (db m4370) HM
26Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter Encampment — The Calm Before the Storm
The 1863-1864 winter encampment proved a busy time for the Army of the Potomac. "There was something fascinating about our winter city of 100,000 men," a staff officer recalled. "Many pleasant recollections cluster around the old camp at Brandy . . . Map (db m4372) HM
27Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter Encampment — The Army of the Potomac at Brandy Station
War has many faces and the residents of Culpeper County saw them all. Brandy Station played an important role in the Battle of Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, though the Union and Confederate armies never clashed in the streets of the little town. A . . . Map (db m4427) HM
28Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — Charging the Confederate Guns
By 7 a.m. on June 9, Brig. Gen. John Buford had his Union troops in position. Brig. Gen. Adelbert Ames Federal brigade of infantry straddled the Beverly Ford Road. To Ames' left (where the airport is now) was the 1st Cavalry Division, commanded by . . . Map (db m4373) HM
29Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — Surprises at the Crossing
Rivers and river crossings played an important role in many Civil War battles, including the Battle of Brandy Station. A mile northwest of this spot is the site of Beverly Ford, where the cavalry of both the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and . . . Map (db m4405) HM
30Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — Buying Time on the Beverly Ford Road
Both Union and Confederate armies used horse artillery to assist cavalry. When firing erupted at Beverly Ford on the morning of June 9, 1863, Major Robert F. Beckham's battalion of Confederate horse artillery (16 guns and some 500 men) was encamped . . . Map (db m4415) HM
31Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — Rooney Lee's Fighting Retreat
The Federal forces of Brig. Gen. John Buford, Brig. Gen. David Gregg, and Col. Thomas Devin (whose command held the area around St. James Church) had almost encircled the Confederates, though none of the Union commanders had planned it so. Unknown . . . Map (db m4418) HM
32Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — The Struggle for Fleetwood Hill
After Col. Wyndham's assaults, Col. Judson Kilpatrick's Federal brigade crossed the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and stormed Fleetwood Hill from the southeast. The fight for Fleetwood Hill - a classic cavalry battle fought on horseback - became a . . . Map (db m4421) HM
33Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — The Race for Fleetwood Hill
Here the old Carolina Road crosses the southern part of Fleetwood Hill, some of the highest ground in the area. On the slope ahead of you Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown (J.E.B.) Stuart, commander of Robert E. Lee's cavalry, pitched his headquarters . . . Map (db m4424) HM
34Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — Confederate Line of Defense at St. James Church
Several hundred yards behind you, in the copse of trees, is the site of the St. James Church. Union soldiers tore down the small brick structure for materials to make their quarters during the winter of 1863-1864, when the Army of the Potomac . . . Map (db m154488) HM
35Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — The Civil War in Culpeper County
On June 9, 1863, the Civil War visited the river fords, farmer's fields and rolling hills near Brandy Station. During the intense daylong fighting that swirled all around the little town, Confederate and Union horsemen clashed in the largest cavalry . . . Map (db m156293) HM
36Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy Station — The Stone Wall on the Cunningham Farm
Failing to break through Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederates at St. James Church, Brig. Gen. John Buford swung his force north and west to turn the Confederate left flank. Confederate Brig. Gen. William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, son of Robert . . . Map (db m167004) HM
37Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Hold at Mountain Run — Death of Farley and Wounding of Butler
June 9, 1863 - 12:30 pm to 3:00 pm This map prepared from the first hand account of Col. Butler, other historians, and the personal account of the family, who in the early 1950s cleared, leveled and ditched this bottom for cultivation, . . . Map (db m103533) HM
 
Apr. 20, 2021