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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Cambridge, Massachusetts

 
Clickable Map of Middlesex County, Massachusetts and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Middlesex County, MA (291) Essex County, MA (275) Norfolk County, MA (80) Suffolk County, MA (328) Worcester County, MA (236) Hillsborough County, NH (36)  MiddlesexCounty(291) Middlesex County (291)  EssexCounty(275) Essex County (275)  NorfolkCounty(80) Norfolk County (80)  SuffolkCounty(328) Suffolk County (328)  WorcesterCounty(236) Worcester County (236)  HillsboroughCountyNew Hampshire(36) Hillsborough County (36)
Cambridge is in Middlesex County
      Middlesex County (291)  
      Essex County (275)  
      Norfolk County (80)  
      Suffolk County (328)  
      Worcester County (236)  
      Hillsborough County, New Hampshire (36)  
 
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1Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Cambridge1630 - 1930
Location chosen in 1630 to be the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Settled in 1631 under leadership of Thomas Dudley and called the New Town. The College ordered to be here, 1637. Name changed to Cambridge after the English University Town, . . . Map (db m48824) HM
2Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Cambridge Soldiers and Sailors Monument
The Soldiers and Sailors of Cambridge, whose names here are inscribed, died in the service of their country, in the war for the maintenance of the Union. To perpetuate the memory of their valor and patriotism, this Monument is erected by the . . . Map (db m177016) HM WM
3Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Christ Church
Oldest church building in Cambridge. Built in 1760 Occupied by Continental troops in 1775.Map (db m117362) HM
4Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Davenport Car Manufactory
Site of the factory of Charles Davenport Pioneer of railroad car development Builder of carriages and stages 1832 – 1857 Map (db m49748) HM
5Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Dinosaurs in New EnglandRocky Hill, Connecticut — 200 million years old —
The Connecticut River valley has a large number of dinosaur tracks preserved in sedimentary rocks. These footprints were cast from tracks at Dinosaur State Park in Rocky Hill, Connecticut. The site was discovered in 1966 and has more than 2,000 . . . Map (db m186293) HM
6Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — First Long-Distance Phone Call
From this site on October 9, 1876 the first two-way long distance telephone conversation was carried on for three hours. From here in Cambridgeport Thomas G. Watson spoke over a telegraph wire to Alexander Graham Bell at the office . . . Map (db m49766) HM
7Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Fort Washington
Constructed November 1775 by the Continental Army under General George Washington This fort was used during the Siege of Boston and helped force its evacuation by the BritishMap (db m18763) HM
8Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Fourth Meeting House
Site of the Fourth Meeting House built in 1756. Here Washington worshipped in 1775. Constitutional Convention of Massachusetts held here in 1779. Lafayette welcomed here in 1824.Map (db m77777) HM
9Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Gen. Casimir Pulaski
To the memory of Gen. Casimir Pulaski Polish Patriot who fought for freedom on two continents. He volunteered his services to the Continental Army of the U. S. For distinguished service at the Battle of Brandywine, he was appointed a Brigadier . . . Map (db m18166) HM
10Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — MA-27 — Gen. Henry Knox Trail
. . . Map (db m17963) HM
11Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Gen. Thaddeus Kosciuszko
To the memory of Gen. Thaddeus Kosciuszko Polish Patriot • • • Hero of two continents • Champion of Liberty and the rights of man • • He came to America in 1776 and volunteered his services for the cause of American Revolution • His valor and . . . Map (db m18167) HM
12Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Harriet A. JacobsAbolitionist, Author, and Women's Rights Advocate — c. 1813-1897 —
Harriet A. Jacobs was born into slavery in Edenton, North Carolina, to Delilah Horniblow and Daniel Jacobs. Harriet and her brother John (who later lectured for the abolitionist movement) were orphaned at an early age and passed down to . . . Map (db m176358) HM
13Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Hollis Hall
Built by the Province of The Massachusetts Bay In New England, in 1763 Named in honor of Thomas Hollis of London, Merchant, and other members of the same family, constant and generous benefactors of Harvard College from 1719 to 1804 . . . Map (db m109037) HM
14Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Indian College
Near this spot from 1655 to 1698 stood the Indian College. Here American Indian and English students lived and studied in accordance with the 1650 charter of Harvard College calling for the education of the English and Indian youth of this . . . Map (db m77789) HM
15Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Jake & Earl's Dixie BBQ
Historic Plaque On this spot stood Jake & Earl's Dixie BBQ A favorite hangout of local patriots Destroyed by a regiment of British troops in the spring of 1775. Officially not on the Freedom Trail, it was still one of Paul Revere's . . . Map (db m70038) HM
16Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — James Walter Mullally Crossing
On the evening of October 11, 1920, James Walter Mullally, a crossing tender on the Boston & Maine Railroad at the North Cambridge station, which was located nearby, lost his life in a vain attempt to rescue the aged Mrs. Emma Osgood from an . . . Map (db m100461) HM
17Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Massachusetts Hall
Massachusetts Hall Built by the Province 1720 Occupied by the American Army 1775-1776 Used for students’ rooms until 1870-1871Map (db m176992) HM
18Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Old Burying Ground
Old Burying Ground Burial place of early settlers Tory landowners and slaves Soldiers · Presidents of Harvard and prominent men of Cambridge 1635Map (db m176995) HM
19Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Old Cambridge Baptist Church
Old Cambridge Baptist Church A Progressive Peace and Justice Congregation Founded in 1844 This building, designed by Alexander Esty and constructed between 1867 and 1870, has been listed on the State and National Registers of Historic . . . Map (db m177013) HM
20Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Old Charlestown – Watertown Path
Reverend Thomas Hooker and his congregation took this path on their exodus from Cambridge in 1636. The strong bent of their spirits caused them to seek new lands and eventually to found Hartford in Connecticut. [ Second Marker: ] View . . . Map (db m44255) HM
21Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Oldest House in Cambridge1630 – 1930
At Number 21 Linnaean Street is the Cooper-Austin House built in 1657 at what was then the northern end of the Cambridge Cow Common, by John Cooper, selectman, town clerk, and deacon of the church.Map (db m43049) HM
22Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Prof. John Winthrop
Prof. John Winthrop The greatest American mathematician and philosopher of his time A fellow of the Royal Society Lived here from 1746 to 1779 1714-1779Map (db m177014) HM
23Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Putnam School
Site of Fort Putnam Erected by the American forces December 1775 During the Siege of BostonMap (db m55623) HM
24Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Red GraniteAswan Quarries, Egypt — Over 600 million years old —
While red granite is found elsewhere in the world, this block is from the same quarry that provided stones for the outer casing of Menkaure's pyramid at Giza, Egypt and for other ancient monuments and statues. This block is the same size as the ones . . . Map (db m186292) HM
25Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Route of William Dawes
Route of William Dawes Past this place at midnight, April 18-19, 1775, rode at the gallop William Dawes, member of the Ancient & Honorable Artillery Company and first rider to alert the Minutemen that the British were marching on Lexington and . . . Map (db m177009) HM
26Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Sir Richard's Landing
Here at the river’s edge the settlers of Watertown led by Sir Richard Saltonstall landed July 30, 1630. Here Reverend George Phillips protest in 1632 against taxation without representation struck the first note of civil liberty heard in this . . . Map (db m43365) HM
27Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Sir Richard's Landing1630 - 1930
Here at the river's edge the settlers of Watertown led by Sir Richard Saltonstall landed in June 1630. Later this spot became known as Gerry's Landing, for Elbridge Gerry, signer of the Declaration of Independence and Governor of Massachusetts who . . . Map (db m48016) HM
28Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Spot where the British Landed
Near this spot 800 British soldiers from Boston Common landed April 19th, 1775 on their march to Lexington and ConcordMap (db m55622) HM
29Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Stephen Daye
Here lived Stephen Daye who set up near by the first printing press in British America 1638Map (db m115316) HM
30Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — The Smoot
In Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of The Smoot In October 1958 the span of this bridge was measured using the body of Oliver Reed Smoot MIT '62 and found to be 364.4 smoots +/-1 ear. This provided a very useful metric for . . . Map (db m178280) HM
31Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — These Cannon Were Abandoned
These cannon were abandoned at Fort Independence (Castle William) by the British forces when they evacuated the City of Boston March 17, 1776Map (db m18003) HM
32Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Vassall-Craigie-Longfellow HouseLongfellow National Historic Site
Built in 1759 Headquarters for George Washington 1775 – 1776 . Home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Family & Descendants 1837 1950Map (db m19085) HM
33Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Washington Elm
Under this tree Washington first took command of the American Army, July 3d 1775Map (db m125607) HM
34Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Washington’s General Orders
Washington’s General Orders given at Cambridge, July 4, 1775 “The Continental Congress having taken all the troops of the several Colonies, which have been raised, or which may be hereafter raised for the support and defence of the . . . Map (db m17999) HM
35Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Cambridge — Way to Charlestown1630 – 1930
Washington Street, Somerville, and Kirkland and Brattle Streets, Cambridge, "Skirting marshes and river," follow the old Indian trail from Charlestown to Watertown. Along this way in 1636 went the Reverend Thomas Hooker and his congregation on their . . . Map (db m48017) HM
 
 
Jan. 27, 2022