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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Raymond, Mississippi

 
Clickable Map of Hinds County, Mississippi and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Hinds County, MS (196) Claiborne County, MS (130) Copiah County, MS (16) Madison County, MS (24) Rankin County, MS (16) Simpson County, MS (9) Warren County, MS (472) Yazoo County, MS (18)  HindsCounty(196) Hinds County (196)  ClaiborneCounty(130) Claiborne County (130)  CopiahCounty(16) Copiah County (16)  MadisonCounty(24) Madison County (24)  RankinCounty(16) Rankin County (16)  SimpsonCounty(9) Simpson County (9)  WarrenCounty(472) Warren County (472)  YazooCounty(18) Yazoo County (18)
Raymond is in Hinds County
      Hinds County (196)  
      Claiborne County (130)  
      Copiah County (16)  
      Madison County (24)  
      Rankin County (16)  
      Simpson County (9)  
      Warren County (472)  
      Yazoo County (18)  
 
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1Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — A "Soldiers' Battle" in the Underbrush
Upstream, to your left, Confederate and Union soldiers fought through the creek’s thick underbrush. Here at the far right of the Confederate line, Col. Hiram Granbury’s 7th Texas regiment, CSA, charged into the thickets but were confronted by Ohio . . . Map (db m85100) HM
2Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — A Battle Unfolds
From this vantage point, Maj. Gen. James McPherson, USA, should have been able to watch the unfolding of the battle, but the smoke and dust clouds hung motionless near the ground all day. Nevertheless, he was able to see a skirmish line along the . . . Map (db m84941) HM
3Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — A Guide to the Campaign TrailThe Vicksburg Campaign and Siege — Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Parker Hills —
In April of 1861, rumors of Civil War became a reality at Charleston harbor when Fort Sumter was fired upon by Southern forces. Many leaders, both North and South, believed that a dash to capture the opposing side’s capital city would bring a quick . . . Map (db m85138) HM
4Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Artillery Ammunition
Civil War cannon were designed to be pulled by a limber with six horses. The ammunition chest on the limber held 30 to 50 rounds of ammunition, depending on the caliber of the gun. Each cannon traveled with a caisson, also pulled by a . . . Map (db m178477) HM
5Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond
May 12, 1863, on Fourteen Mile Creek, 2,500 Confederate troops under Gen. John Gregg attacked a 10,000 man corps under Gen. James B. McPherson. Outnumbered, Gregg was forced to withdraw to Jackson.Map (db m26145) HM
6Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond
By the time of the Civil War, the Natchez Trace had lost its significance as a national road. One of the sections ran from Port Gibson toward Jackson but the route veered from the original Trace to reach Raymond. In the spring of 1863, General U.S. . . . Map (db m87360) HM
7Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond - This Walking Trail
     “A single field, dotted with spots of timber, separated the Lower Gallatin and Utica Roads, and the main force of the enemy was on the latter road. Finding that I would necessarily be driven into town by his artillery unless I moved . . . Map (db m84987) HM
8Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle Plans
Early on the morning of May 12, 1863, McPherson, having received Grant's message to move “with all activity," ordered his 17th Corps out of its encampment on the Roach farm, ten miles to the southwest. Once at Raymond he would complete the . . . Map (db m178546) HM
9Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Bledsoe's Battery
Anticipating that the enemy would approach Raymond from both of these roads, Confederate General Gregg positioned Capt. Hiram Bledsoe’s battery of three cannon and a battalion of infantry here to defend Raymond from either direction. However, on May . . . Map (db m85122) HM
10Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Bledsoe's Missouri Battery (3 Guns)Gregg's Task Force
C.S. Bledsoe’s Missouri Battery (3 Guns), Gregg’s Task Force; Capt. Hiram M. Bledsoe. Around 9:30 a.m., May 12, 1863, Brig. Gen. John Gregg placed Captain Bledsoe’s two 12-pounder smoothbores and one Whitworth rifle here on a knoll at . . . Map (db m85124) HM
11Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Gregg's Task Force1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion
C.S. Gregg’s Task Force Brig. Gen. John Gregg 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion Maj. Stephen H. Colms This battalion was initially posted north of here to the right of Bledsoe’s battery in support of the three guns. About 2 p.m., Major . . . Map (db m85102) HM
12Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Gregg's Task Force1st Mississippi Battalion State Troops
C.S. Gregg’s Task Force Miscellaneous Attached Units, May 12, 1863 1st Mississippi Battalion State Troops Capt. James Hall The 40-man detachment picketed the road to Utica and contested McPherson’s advance, but was unable to penetrate . . . Map (db m85123) HM
13Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — C.S. Gregg's Task ForceGregg's Brigade
C.S. Gregg’s Task Force Brig. Gen. John Gregg Gregg’s Brigade Col. Cyrus A. Sugg 3d Tennessee Infantry, Col. Calvin H. Walker 10th & 30th Tennessee Consolidated Infantry, Col. Randal MacGavock (K) Lt. Col. James J. Turner 41st . . . Map (db m85125) HM
14Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Confederate Cemetery
The Confederate Cemetery in Raymond contains the graves of 140 Confederate soldiers who were killed during the battle of Raymond on May 12, 1863, or who died as a result of their wounds. Most of the men were from Tennessee and Texas; many died in . . . Map (db m85108) HM
15Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Confederate CommandersBattle of Raymond
Gregg's Brigade was called up from Port Hudson, Louisiana, and arrived in Jackson, Mississippi, on Saturday, May 9, 1863. On Sunday night Pemberton ordered the brigade to march to Raymond, where it arrived Monday afternoon, May 11. During the Battle . . . Map (db m178601) HM
16Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Confederate CommandersBattle of Raymond
Gregg's Brigade was called up from Port Hudson, Louisiana, and arrived in Jackson, Mississippi, on Saturday, May 9, 1863. On Sunday night Pemberton ordered the brigade to march to Raymond, where it arrived Monday afternoon, May 11. During the Battle . . . Map (db m178606) HM
17Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Confederate Route to Raymond
When Maj. Gen. Ulysses Grant's army crossed the Mississippi River, Confederate Lt. Gen. John Pemberton realized he needed more men and ordered Brig. Gen. John Gregg's brigade out of Port Hudson, Louisiana, to Jackson, Mississippi. However, . . . Map (db m178595) HM
18Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Confederate Route to Raymond
When Maj. Gen. Ulysses Grant's army crossed the Mississippi River, Confederate Lt. Gen. John Pemberton realized he needed more men and ordered Brig. Gen. John Gregg's brigade out of Port Hudson, Louisiana, to Jackson, Mississippi. However, . . . Map (db m178605) HM
19Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Deans Stand
The Treaty of Doaks Stand, 1820, opened this land to white settlement. Land was quickly claimed, and pioneer families established themselves in this wilderness. William Dean and his wife Margaret settled near here on the Old Natchez Trace in . . . Map (db m87359) HM
20Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — DeGolyer's Battery and the Artist's Eye
As soon as the fighting broke out that morning, six guns of the 8th Michigan Light Artillery, marching near the front of the column, unlimbered and “went into battery” about a hundred yards from the bridge. They returned fire on the . . . Map (db m85032) HM
21Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Eyewitnesses in the Storm
     “One officer, not more than thirty feet from where I stood, quietly loaded up an old Meerschaum, lit a match, his pistol hanging form his wrist, and when he had got his pipe agoing, he got hold of his pistol again, and went on . . . Map (db m85099) HM
22Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Field Artillery
Civil War field artillery was organized in batteries, and while six guns were considered the ideal number, four gun batteries were common, especially in the Confederate service. A captain commanded the battery, and lieutenants were in charge of . . . Map (db m178542) HM
23Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Gregg's Battle Plan
Confederate Brig. Gen. John Gregg arrived in Raymond on May 11 with orders from Pemberton to contain the right flank of the Federal army as it advanced north and determine where it was heading. Thinking he faced a force only half the size of his, . . . Map (db m85021) HM
24Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Hinds County Confederate Memorial
(Front Side) Confederate We of the South Remember, We of the South Revere. (Rear Side) Erected by the people of Hinds County in grateful memory of their men who in 1861-65 gave or offered to give their lives for the . . . Map (db m85144) WM
25Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — King of Battle
When the first shots of the Battle of Raymond shattered the morning calm, Capt. Samuel De Golyer's 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery galloped to the front. Maj. Gen. McPherson reported that, "De Golyer's battery was placed in position in the . . . Map (db m178537) HM
26Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — McPherson's Deployment
Marching north toward Raymond on the Utica Road, the vanguard of Logan’s Union division was met by gunfire as the soldiers approached the Fourteenmile Creek bridge. Although confident that he outnumbered the enemy, Maj. Gen. James McPherson . . . Map (db m85039) HM
27Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Raymond Courthouse
Built, 1857-9, by the famous Weldon brothers with skilled slave labor crew. After the Battle of Raymond, fought 1 ¼ m. S.W. of here, May 12, 1863, this building served as a Confederate hospital.Map (db m85140) HM
28Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Raymond Presbyterian Church
Organized in 1842 by Rev. Silas Hazard of the Clinton Presbytery with six charter members. The present worship hall was built in 1871 with front rooms added in 1926. Evangelist Rev. Daniel Baker preached here in 1844. - Ruling elders . . . Map (db m178369) HM
29Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — St. Mark's Episcopal Church
St. Mark’s was organized in 1837 by Rev. James McGregor Dale and construction of the sanctuary was completed in 1855. Following the battle of Raymond on May 12, 1863, the church was used as a hospital for Federal soldiers. The interior of the church . . . Map (db m115932) HM
30Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Texas Memorial
(Front Side) Texas Remembers the valor and devotion of its sons who participated in the Battle of Raymond and in other engagements of the Vicksburg Campaign. Upon this field on May 12, 1863, soldiers of the 7th Texas Infantry, . . . Map (db m85976) WM
31Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Battle of Raymond as a Pivotal Point in the Vicksburg Campaign
     “Move your command tonight to the next cross-roads if there is water, and tomorrow with all activity into Raymond.”      Maj. Gen. Grant to Maj. Gen. McPherson, USA, May 9, 1863      “Move your brigade promptly to . . . Map (db m84988) HM
32Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Campaign Turns East
By late afternoon, as Brig. Gen. John Gregg, his officers, and soldiers realized they were seriously outnumbered they managed to extricate themselves from the fight and withdraw through Raymond to Jackson. From here you can see the road that . . . Map (db m85101) HM
33Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Little J Railroad
Two historic transportation routes are incorporated into this walking trail. The concrete highway, ca. 1927, is generally the same route used by the Union army marching toward Raymond in May 1863. The bridge and highway, however, are more . . . Map (db m84990) HM
34Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — 53 — The McCoy Brothers
(side 1) Joe McCoy and his brother Charlie McCoy, both born on a farm near Raymond, performed and recorded widely during the pre-World War II era, but their most important legacy may rest with the songs they wrote or cowrote. These . . . Map (db m70324) HM
35Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — The Vicksburg Campaign
“Vicksburg is the key,” said President Abraham Lincoln. “The war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket.” The United States government had to control the lower Mississippi River in order to move . . . Map (db m84989) HM
36Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — To Clinton and Jackson
On May 12, 1863, two divisions of the XVII Corps marched from the Roach Farm on the Utica Road and defeated Gregg’s Confederate brigade at Raymond. The next day, McPherson’s men moved to Clinton and cut the railroad. Meanwhile, two divisions of the . . . Map (db m85109) HM
37Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 11th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
U.S. 11th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery; 7th Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Lieut. Fletcher E. Armstrong. The two 12-pounder howitzers, two 6-pounder smoothbores, and two 12-pounder James rifles of this battery were the only . . . Map (db m84928) HM
38Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 3d Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
U.S. 3d Battery, Ohio Light Artillery; 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Capt. William S. Williams This battery of four 12-pounder James rifles and two 6-pounder smoothbores was the third and final battery of Maj. Gen. John . . . Map (db m84930) HM
39Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery
U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery; 3rd Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Capt. Samuel De Golyer This was the third and final position of De Golyer’s battery of two 12-pounder howitzers and four 12-pounder James rifles . . . Map (db m84929) HM
40Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery
U.S. 8th Battery, Michigan Light Artillery; 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Capt. Samuel De Golyer. This battery of “flying artillery” was the initial battery of Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s division to arrive on . . . Map (db m85038) HM
41Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. Battery D, 1st Illinois Light Artillery
U.S. Battery D, 1st Illinois Light Artillery; 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee Capt. Henry A. Rogers. Formerly the “McAllister Battery” of the Battle of Shiloh, Captain Rogers’ four 24-pounder howitzers arrived on . . . Map (db m84927) HM
42Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. First Brigade;7th Div.; 17th Corps; Army Of The Tennessee — Col. John B. Sanborn —
48th Indiana Infantry, Col. Norman Eddy 59th Indiana Infantry, Col. Jesse I. Alexander 4th Minnesota Infantry, Lieut. Col. John E. Tourtelotte Col. John Sanborn's Brigade arrived at the head of Brig. Gen. . . . Map (db m178482) HM WM
43Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. Second Brigade;7th Div.; 17th Corps; Army Of The Tennessee — Col. Samuel A. Holmes —
17th Iowa Infantry, Col. David B. Hillis 10th Missouri Infantry, Lieut. Col. Leonidas Horney 80th Ohio Infantry, Col. Matthias H. Bartilson Col. Samuel Holmes' Brigade and the 11th Ohio Battery arrived behind Col. John . . . Map (db m178491) HM WM
44Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — U.S. Seventh Division;17th Corps; Army Of The Tennessee — Brig. Gen. Marcellus M. Crocker —
Escort 4th Missouri Cavalry, Company F. Lieut. Alexander Mueller 2d Illinois Cavalry, Company E, Capt. Samuel P. Tipton First Brigade, Col. John B. Sanborn Second Brigade, Col. Samuel A. George B. Boomer Artillery, Lieut. . . . Map (db m178501) HM WM
45Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Union Route to Raymond
On May 7, 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses Grant began his northeastward march with three corps in order to cut Lt. Gen. John Pemberton's railroad line of communications. By Monday, May 11, Grant planned to form an east-west line of three columns for the . . . Map (db m178604) HM
46Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Whitworth Breechloading Rifle
The Whitworth was developed in England before the Civil War by Sir Joseph Whitworth, and was generally used by the Confederate armies. However, very few breechloaders were used in the Civil War because their breech mechanisms were relatively clumsy . . . Map (db m178473) HM
 
 
Jan. 20, 2022