“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Yukon

"Carcross during World War II" - marker near the tracks of the White Pass & Klondike Railway image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller, September 17, 2013
"Carcross during World War II" - marker near the tracks of the White Pass & Klondike Railway
1 Yukon, Carcross — Carcross during World War IIAlaska-Canada Highway, 50 Years: 1942-1992
During World War II, Carcross played an important role in Alaska Highway construction. The connection here between the White Pass rail and water transportation systems gave the U.S. Army access to the Yukon’s interior. By early 1942, Carcross . . . Map (db m68899) HM
2 Yukon, Carcross — James “Skookum” Jim Mason(Kesh) 1860 - 1916 — The Beginning of the Yukon gold Rush —
(crest Canada) James “Skookum” Jim Mason (Kesh) ca. 1860 – 1916 “Skookum” Jim, a Tagish of the Dakhtawedi clan and the Wolf moiety, found a nugget on Rabbit (Bonanza) Creek in August 1898 that began the Klondike . . . Map (db m93750) HM
3 Yukon, Carcross — White Pass & Yukon Route“The Golden Spike”
Construction of the White Pass & Yukon Railway began on May 27, 1898 at Skagway, Alaska during the height of the great Klondike Gold Rush. Undaunted by those who said the railway could not be built a small group of devoted White Passers composed . . . Map (db m49366) HM
4 Yukon, Carcross — White Pass & Yukon RouteGolden Spike Centennial
The golden spike was driven to mark the completion of the White Pass & Yukon Route Railway on July 29, 1900. It was the beginning of a fully integrated rail transportation system – which grew to include lakes & river steamboats, stage lines, . . . Map (db m72917) HM
5 Yukon, Dawson City — 3rd Avenue ComplexLe complexe de la 3e avenue
[English] In Dawson City’s history, permafrost ranks second only to fire as the bane of buildings. These three structures, dating from 1901, illustrate what can happen when heated buildings are placed on frozen ground; the frost melts, mixing water . . . Map (db m49305) HM
6 Yukon, Dawson City — Arctic Brotherhood Hall1901-2001
The Arctic Brotherhood was a fraternal organization formed onboard the steamer Seattle while anchored at Skagway. In 1901 Camp #4 Dawson City built a fraternity hall, known as the Arctic Brotherhood Hall to host their meetings as well as uphold . . . Map (db m49348) HM
7 Yukon, Dawson City — Bank of British North America/La Bank of British North America
[English:] The BNA, which opened Dawson City’s first bank in a tent in 1898, moved into these premises in 1899. By providing the essential services of assaying, buying and shipping gold, it helped integrate the local currency of dust and nuggets . . . Map (db m44857) HM
8 Yukon, Dawson City — Billy Bigg’s Blacksmith ShopLa forge de Billy Bigg
[English] This building stands as a testament to the way frontier businesses changed and adapted to new realities. It began life in 1899 as the two storey Great Northern Hotel, to service the needs of a rapidly growing population. By 1907, as the . . . Map (db m49304) HM
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9 Yukon, Dawson City — Dawson Daily NewsLe Dawson Daily News
[English] The Dawson Daily News moved into this building in 1910, the sole survivor among 7 gold rush newspapers. It provided Dawson City with a window to the outside world and remained a profitable business until the early 1920s. Thereafter, it . . . Map (db m49301) HM
10 Yukon, Dawson City — Discovery ClaimConcession de la Découverte
[English:] The names Robert Henderson, Skookum Jim, Tagish Charlie and George Carmack are inextricably linked to the discovery of gold on Bonanza Creek. Henderson was first to systematically explore the gold bearing potential of the region, only . . . Map (db m44702) HM
11 Yukon, Dawson City — Dr. Brown’s ResidenceRésidence du docteur Brown
[English] Built for Dr. Brown, a dentist, in 1902, this attractive little bungalow was tangible proof that affluent residents had confidence in the future of Dawson City and were willing to put down roots. While this may have been somewhat . . . Map (db m49345) HM
12 Yukon, Dawson City — Harrington’s StoreLe magasin Harrington
[English] Like other grocers at the turn of the century, Harrington provided a cosmopolitan clientele with every conceivable foodstuff, from beans to truffles. This was made possible by the coincidence of improved transportation systems with new . . . Map (db m49303) HM
13 Yukon, Dawson City — K.T.M. CompanyLa compagnie K.T.M.
[English] Built in 1899, this warehouse was taken over by the Klondike Thawing Machine Company 1n 1913. The growing hardware company was it the process of buying out other firms and expanding its line of goods even as Klondike gold claims were . . . Map (db m49302) HM
14 Yukon, Dawson City — Macaulay’s ResidenceRésidence Macaulay
[English] This fine two storey house, built in 1901, was owned by Henry C. Macaulay, Dawson City’s first mayor. Subsequently, it housed such affluent individuals as a merchant, a Territorial Commissioner, a surveyor, and senior management of the . . . Map (db m49343) HM
15 Yukon, Dawson City — Madame Tremblay’s Store/Le magasin de Madame Tremblay
While this building dates from 1899, it did not become Mme. Tremblay’s, a dry goods and novelty shop, until 1913. Émillie Tremblay had first come to the territory as a young French Canadian bride in 1895 with her husband Jack. After 15 years on . . . Map (db m44933) HM
16 Yukon, Dawson City — N.W.M.P. Commanding Officer’s QuartersLe logement du commandant de la P.C.N.O.
[English] This handsome residence was built in 1902 for the commanding officer of the North West Mounted Police. It lent dignity, authority and a degree of permanence to the presence of law and order in Dawson City. While the police presence was . . . Map (db m49341) HM
17 Yukon, Dawson City — Northern Commercial Co. WarehouseL’entrepôt de la Northern Commercial Co.
[English] One of the complex of four warehouses that covered an entire city block in 1898, this and numerous other warehoused like it provided the life blood of Dawson City. For four months a year, the river was open for shipping and in the ensuing . . . Map (db m49346) HM
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18 Yukon, Dawson City — Palace Grand Theatre/Le théâtre Grand Palace
[English:] “Arizona” Charlie Meadows, showman and self-made heroic figure built a lavish structure in 1899 to prospect gold directly from the miner’s pokes. Hugely successful over its first winter, the theatre offered vaudeville acts, . . . Map (db m44890) HM
19 Yukon, Dawson City — Post Office/Le bureau de poste
[English:] Prime Minister Laurier himself recognized the need to link the Klondike with the rest of the country. In 1900, he urged that the building of a Post Office “ proceeded with at once.” As the first substantial building . . . Map (db m44936) HM
20 Yukon, Dawson City — Rev. William Henry Judge, S.J.St. Mary's Catholic Church
Credited with saving many lives, Father Judge was one of the true heroes of the Klondike, serving the area from May 1897 until his death January 16, 1899. In this short period he built St. Mary’s Hospital, a church and residences, doing much of the . . . Map (db m70916) HM
21 Yukon, Dawson City — Robert Service's Cabin / La cabane de Robert Service
English: Within 5 years of Robert Service's departure in 1912, the local press referred to his rented cabin as a “shrine”. It became Yukon’s foremost tourist attraction virtually from the day it was abandoned. Maintained, . . . Map (db m42695) HM
22 Yukon, Dawson City — Ruby’s Place/La maison de Ruby
[English:] Opened as a boarding house and laundry in 1902, the building was taken over by Mathilde “Ruby” Scott in 1935. For over 27 years, this former Paris Madame operated a brothel here, finding a ready clientele in the seasonal . . . Map (db m44887) HM
23 Yukon, Dawson City — St. Andrew’s Church and ManseL’église et le presbytère St. Andrew’s
[English] This substantial Presbyterian Church was a reflection of the prosperity and commitment of the congregation it served. Erected in 1901, it boasted a pipe organ and carved oak pews that could accommodate 600. The church bore the . . . Map (db m49307) HM
24 Yukon, Dawson City — The B.Y.N. Co. Ticket Office/La billettetereie de la compagnie B.Y.N.
[English:] This structure, built in 1900, is all that remains of a larger complex that included a warehouse and dock. At the time of the gold rush and for years afterwards, the riverfront was the transition point between Dawson City and the rest of . . . Map (db m44859) HM
25 Yukon, Dawson City — The Midnight Dome
“What fools we mortals be.” About 150 people, “many of whom were ladies”, attended the first formal gathering to see the midnight sun on June 21, 1899. Weary mountaineers were greeted with a selection of nuts, candies and . . . Map (db m44762) HM
26 Yukon, Dawson City — Tribute to the Miner
Dedicated to the Klondike Gold Miners past, present and future in recognition of their contributions to Dawson City and the Klondike Region. In 1896, gold was discovered on Rabbit Creek (later known as Bonanza Creek) by Skookum Jim, George Carmack . . . Map (db m49349) HM
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27 Yukon, Dawson City — West Dawson
West Dawson was settled c. 1899 by people wanting to avoid overcrowding and typhoid outbreaks in Dawson. Farms also became established and later, as mining in the Sixtymile area increased, a link with Dawson became necessary. In 1902 a ferry guided . . . Map (db m44711) HM
28 Yukon, Dawson City — Yukon Hotel
[English] When it was built in the fall of 1898, the Binet Block stood at the southern end of the business district extending north to King Street. A two-storey log building with a facade of milled lumber, it was typical of commercial structures . . . Map (db m49306) HM
29 Yukon, Dawson City — Yukon Saw Mill Office Historic Site
The Yukon Saw Mill Company was one of the first to cut timber in the Klondike, registering its first timber lease in March of 1898. At its peak, the company’s machine shop was the largest north of Vancouver, and its lumberyard stretched over three . . . Map (db m44761) HM
30 Yukon, Haines Junction — The Tatshenshini RiverLa rivière Tatshenshini
{English} The Tatshenshini River, known as Shawshe Chu in the Southern Tutchone language, begins in northwestern British Columbia and flows nearly 200 kilometers through the traditional territory of the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations into the . . . Map (db m49612) HM
31 Yukon, Montague — The Overland Trail
The territorial government contracted the White Pass & Yukon Route (WP&YR) to build a winter road from Whitehorse to Dawson in 1902. The company had the winter mail contract, and used its Royal Mail Service coaches to carry passengers, baggage and . . . Map (db m108780) HM
32 Yukon, Pelly Crossing — Pelly Crossing
The Northern Tutchone who now live at Pelly Crossing traditionally led a semi-nomadic life in the lower Pelly River area. When Robert Campbell built Fort Selkirk, the site was already a meeting place for trading with the coastal Tlingit. The . . . Map (db m108781) HM
33 Yukon, Stewart Crossing — Sternwheelers on the Stewart River
High water on the Stewart River peaks in late May and early June. The water level then declines for the rest of the summer to the point where only sternwheelers with a very shallow draft could navigate its swift current and shifting channels. In . . . Map (db m108782) HM
34 Yukon, Watson Lake — Welcome to the Sign Post Forest
In 1942, during the construction of the Alaska Highway, the United States Army Corps of Engineers erected mileage posts at their camps that listed places, distances and directions in the Yukon, other Canadian cities, cities within the United . . . Map (db m72697) HM
35 Yukon, Whitehorse — Alaska Highway
(left marker) At this site on 1 April 1946 the United States Army officially handed over the Alaska Highway and associated facilities to the Canadian Army This plaque is dedicated to the those who built and cared for . . . Map (db m42832) HM
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36 Yukon, Whitehorse — Copper Nugget
This immense slab of native copper weighs 2590 pounds or 1175 kilograms. In 1905, prospectors found the copper on the upper White River, 250 miles northwest of Whitehorse. This is the Yukon’s largest copper nugget, possibly a Canadian record. . . . Map (db m42727) HM
37 Yukon, Whitehorse — Log Church & Rectory
The Reverend Richard Bowen and his wife, veterans of the Klondike Goldrush arrived here August 1, 1900 at the call of Bishop Bompas. Bowen immediately undertook with volunteer labour to build this church of logs and held his first service on October . . . Map (db m42864) HM
38 Yukon, Whitehorse — SS Klondike
English: The largest vessel ever to ply the Canadian portion of the Yukon River, this sternwheeler was built by the British Yukon Navigation Co. and launched at Whitehorse in 1937 to replace her namesake, which sank the year before. . . . Map (db m42699) HM
39 Yukon, Whitehorse — White Pass and Yukon Route RailwayLe Chemin de Fer White Pass et Yukon
English: Built at the time of the Klondike Gold Rush, the 177 km narrow gauge railway was the heart of the Yukon transportation system for over 80 years. Completed in 1900, it linked the tidewater port of Skagway in Alaska with Whitehorse, . . . Map (db m42863) HM
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Feb. 26, 2024