“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Air & Space Topic

The Moon Tree Marker image, Touch for more information
By Sandra Hughes, September 14, 2017
The Moon Tree Marker
1 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — The Moon Tree
The Moon Tree was grown from seeds that journeyed to the moon and back aboard Apollo 14 during the period of January 31-February 9, 1971. The seed was germinated by the U.S. Forest Service in Gulfport, Mississippi, and the seedling was presented to . . . Map (db m108374) HM
2 Alabama, Dallas County, Selma — Craig Air Force Base — Advanced Flying Training School
On May 3. 1941, the largest flying field in the United States, military or civilian, opened its gates as a new unit of the Southeast Air Corps Training Center, where flying cadets received advanced schooling in the handling of multi-mile-a-minute . . . Map (db m92359) HM
3 Alabama, Dallas County, Selma — Joe T. Pilcher, Jr. — 1929 - 1987
. . . Map (db m92372) HM
4 Alabama, Elmore County, Wetumpka — Crommelin Memorial
The memorial includes inscriptions on four sides. Richard Gunter Crommelin Lieutenant Commander U.S. Navy January 8, 1917 - July 14, 1945 Young fighter pilot on U.S.S. Yorktown CV-5. Shot down two Japanese Zeros in Battle of Coral . . . Map (db m137263) HM WM
5 Alabama, Franklin County, Hodges — "Spirit of Hodges"
The Town of Hodges held a war bond auction in the month of January 1943. The proceeds amounted to about $47,000. As an award, the war department allowed Hodges to name a P-51 Mustang Fighter aircraft. She was named "The Spirit of Hodges." The plane . . . Map (db m83741) HM
6 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — CDR "Snuffy" Smith — Navy Light Attack Aircraft A-7 Corsair II
(First Plaque): Navy pilots typically had their names painted on the side and just below the cockpit of one of the squadron aircraft. Most also had "Call Signs," some of which became the nickname of the pilot. On the display aircraft this . . . Map (db m83808) HM
7 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — History of the 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing
January 1922 Federal Recognition 135th Observation Squadron May 1923 Redesignated 114th Observation Squadron January 1924 Redesignated 106th Observation Squadron October 1943 Redesignated 100th Bombardment Squadron November 1946 . . . Map (db m27388) HM
8 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — E19 — Shuttlesworth Returns to Birmingham — March Route Towards a Purposeful Life — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
Birmingham's new leaders were much kinder to Rev. Shuttlesworth than their predecessors. In 1978, officials renamed one of the city's main roads in his honor. The city's first African-American mayor, Richard Arrington, Jr., requested his return . . . Map (db m187573) HM
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9 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — “Gooney Bird” Propeller
This Hamilton-Standard 23E50-505 hydromatic propeller is from Douglas Aircraft C-47 transport plane known as the Gooney Bird. The C-47s operated in both the European and Pacific theaters of W.W. II as troop and cargo transports, and initiated . . . Map (db m69659) HM
10 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Continuity
Toward the end of the 19th Century, the U.S. government decided that Native Americans should integrate into American culture and give up tribal sovereignty. The Dawes Allotment Act forced Native Americans to register on what became known as . . . Map (db m212215) HM
11 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Jonathan Quinn Pettus — City of Florence Walk of Honor
Named Associate Director of Marshall Space Flight Center in 2016, Jonathan Pettus was honored with the NASA Medal for Outstanding Leadership in 2005 and the Presidential Rank Award of Distinguished Executives in 2009.Map (db m219293) HM
12 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Lieutenant Colonel R. Edward Yeilding — United States Air Force
This F-4D Phantom is displayed in honor of Lt. Col. Edward Yeilding and all Veterans who served with the Phantom aircraft. Captain Ed Yeiding’s name is painted on the front canopy to honor his nine years flying Phantoms similar to this F-4D and . . . Map (db m84028) HM
13 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Lt. Col. R. Edward Yeilding — City of Florence Walk of Honor
After flying more than 90 worldwide reconnaissance missions, in 1990 Lt. Col. Ed Yeilding set a coast to coast aircraft speed record of 67 minutes 54 seconds flying an SR-71 spy plane, which is now at the Smithsonian.Map (db m219174) HM
14 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Ronnie Gene Flippo — City of Florence Walk of Honor
In his 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives (1977-1991), Ronnie Flippo held such important posts as the chairmanship of the Space Science Subcommittee during the development of the space shuttle, Columbia.Map (db m219170) HM
15 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — The Cobra Helicopter
The AH-1 Cobra is an anti-armor close support/attack helicopter. The Cobra is powered by a General Electric T-700-GE-401 turboshaft engine. The Cobra is 58’ long, has a wingspan of 10’-7”, and is 14’-2” in height. The AH-1 flies at 175 . . . Map (db m69648) HM
16 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — The Phantom
The Phantom The F-4 Phantom was the U.S. Air Force’s fastest, highest-flying and longest-range fighter. It first flew May 27, 1958, and entered United States Air Force service in 1963. It was named Phantom II on July 3, 1959, during a . . . Map (db m69636) HM
17 Alabama, Lawrence County, Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings/Flight Schools
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings Following the onset of WWII the Army Air Corps initiated an ambitious pilot training program. During its most active period, this program would train over 100,000 pilots per . . . Map (db m74409) HM
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18 Alabama, Lawrence County, Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities/Deactivation
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities At its greatest strength, CAAF was home to 4600 officers, enlisted servicemen, and cadets. During the war years it was the largest population center within Lawrence County. Over . . . Map (db m74411) HM
19 Alabama, Lawrence County, Town Creek — From Wheeler to the moon ... — Wheeler Lock & Dam
Many people may not relize that NASA’s first voyage to the moon was intended to travel through the lock at TVA's Wheeler Dam. NASA planned to ship its Saturn rocket booster (which would eventually carry astrounts to the moon for the Apollo program . . . Map (db m229349) HM
20 Alabama, Limestone County, Ardmore — The Saturn Legacy — Reported permanently removed
The 224-foot Saturn IB Rocket displayed here is one of three launched vehicles in the Saturn family of rockets developed in Huntsville. The Saturn IB rocket had more power than the earlier Saturn I- enough for orbital missions with the Apollo . . . Map (db m207546) HM
21 Alabama, Limestone County, Decatur — Southeast Air Forces Training Center — (Pryor Field)
The Southeast Air Forces Training Center operated by Southern Aviation Training School, also known as Pryor Field, was constructed in 1941. These two aircraft hangars and beacon tower are the remaining artifacts of one of only a few World War II . . . Map (db m85425) HM
22 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Alabama's Role
Alabama will continue to be key to America's future leadership in space. NASA and its commercial and academic partners in Alabama will manage the development of the Space Launch System, history's largest heavy-lift rocket, and human support . . . Map (db m160612) HM
23 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Legacy
The Saturn I, the Saturn IB and the Saturn V were all members of the Saturn family of rockets developed in Huntsville. The Saturn IB, as displayed here in full scale, had more power than the earlier Saturn I-enough for orbital training missions . . . Map (db m160608) HM
24 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Perspective
The George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, located on Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal, has provided America's space solutions since 1960. As one of NASA's largest engineering centers, Marshall offers its extensive expertise and unique facilities . . . Map (db m160609) HM
25 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Saturn IB Launch Vehicle
Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama, and associated contractors. Erected by the citizens of Alabama as a tribute to the men and women who made it possible for this nation to explore space for peaceful purposes, . . . Map (db m160613) HM
26 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Visitors Center
While traveling through Alabama, we invite you to Visit the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, home of U.S. Space Camp and Aviation Challenge, The journey through the U.S. Space and Rocket Center will lead you from the beginning of rocketry to . . . Map (db m160611) HM
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27 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Bit to Eat — Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Known as the Tea Room, this small lunchroom was built during the initial expansion phase of Moton Field in 1942 and 1943, when amenities such as offices and bathrooms not built into the original hangar were added. Here, personnel stationed at . . . Map (db m64362) HM
28 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Typical Day — Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Try to imagine how Moton Field looked and sounded when the cadets trained here. Compare the scene today to the photograph below, taken from your vantage point around 1944. As the pace of training accelerated during the war, Moton Field became a very . . . Map (db m64366) HM
29 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Anticipation
During World War II a guard house stood just outside the brick entrance gates to Moton Field. The framed structure closest to you is a representation of the guard house. The historic entrance gates are just beyond. How excited the young cadets must . . . Map (db m99927) HM
30 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Bath and Locker House — Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This building was completed in 1941 as a restroom, shower, and locker room for administrative and support personnel. It had facilities for both men and women. Both black and white may have used the building. If so, it almost certainly would have . . . Map (db m64361) HM
31 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Fire Suppression Pond
A fire at an airfield, with highly flammable materials everywhere, could be catastrophic. The Bath and Locker House fire shown here highlighted the need for a dependable water supply for firefighting. A pond met that need. It also helped control . . . Map (db m100251) HM
32 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Ghost Structures
The Cadet House and the Army Supply Building provided much-needed space when training operations expanded in 1942 and 1943. The Cadet House also held a cadet classroom and waiting room, a coat room, and the Flight Surgeon's Office. The Army Supply . . . Map (db m100252) HM
33 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Hangar No. 1
In Hangar No. 1 flying became real for the aviation cadet. The hangar housed the main activities of the airfield, including flight debriefings, flight record-keeping, aircraft maintenance, and military and civilian management. Several smaller . . . Map (db m64365) HM
34 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — It Was Called "Dope"
During World War II primary training airplanes were built mostly of wood and fabric. Ground crews sealed and strengthened the fabric with several applications of a highly flammable, explosive acetate coating called "dope." This shed was used to . . . Map (db m100253) HM
35 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Moton Field Expands
This is the site of Hangar No. 2, completed in early 1944 in response to the tremendous increase in the number of cadets training at Moton Field. The building, nearly identical to Hangar No. 1, contained classrooms, a briefing room, a medical . . . Map (db m99931) HM
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36 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — New Vistas
Moton Field was built by Tuskegee Institute, now Tuskegee University, in 1941 after the school contracted with the U.S. Army to provide primary flight training for the nation's first African American military pilots. By the end of World War II . . . Map (db m99940) HM
37 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Oil Storage Shed
This ventilated shed provided safe and convenient storage for the large quantities and various grades of oil used at Moton Field for the maintenance of airplanes and service vehicles. It has been adapted to house the site's fire protection system. . . . Map (db m100254) HM
38 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Prepared to Fight and Die
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site commemorates the contributions of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II—and to American society afterward. The site preserves Moton Field, where the airmen trained before going to war. Their courageous . . . Map (db m99938) HM
39 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Control Tower — Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From Moton Field’s Control Tower, controllers directed flight operations and signaled landing instructions to pilots through a system of flashing colored lights. Dispatchers called cadets for their flights. The tower overlooked the busy – . . . Map (db m64363) HM
40 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Place Where We Learned to Fly
Over 1,000 cadets learned to fly here at Moton Field, taking off and landing on an open, grassy field beyond the structures below. The field was used so intensely for primary flight training during World War II that the aircraft soon rutted the . . . Map (db m99941) HM
41 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Tuskegee Airmen
The first African American fighter pilots in the U.S. Army Air Corps were the public face of the Tuskegee Airmen. They made extraordinary contributions to the Allied victory in Europe during World War II. But their success was made possible by the . . . Map (db m99934) HM
42 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — They Came to Tuskegee
Young African American men came to Tuskegee from all over the nation to train as military pilots. They began with primary flight training here at Tuskegee Institute's Moton Field. Tuskegee Institute also had a smaller field, Kennedy Field, where . . . Map (db m100255) HM
43 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Waiting for the Bus
The tarmac between the two hangars was a busy part of Moton Field. Cadets arriving by bus were dropped off here and went to their duties in preparation for flight training. Others boarded the buses to return to the Tuskegee Institute campus. Fuel . . . Map (db m99681) HM
44 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — The Tuskegee Airmen's Plaza
This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the Tuskegee Airmen, including General Daniel "Chappie" James, whose training at Tuskegee University and the Tuskegee Army Air Field enabled them to prove for all time the competence and bravery of Black . . . Map (db m20076) HM
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45 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — Tuskegee University — F-4C Phantom
This U.S. Air Force F-4C Phantom Jet Fighter was flown by General "Chappie" James, Tuskegee University graduate and first Black Four-Star General in the U.S. Armed Services, on his last combat mission--Operation Bold--over Southeast Asia. It flies . . . Map (db m101902) HM
46 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Armstrong • Collins • Aldrin — Launched: July 16, 1969 • Landed: July 20, 1969 • Splashdown: July 24, 1969 — "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." —
Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11 commander, spoke his famous words as he stepped onto the surface of the Moon. On July 20, 1969, President John F. Kennedy's mandate that America go to the Moon was fulfilled - Apollo 11's lunar module Eagle . . . Map (db m85465) HM
47 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Cernan • Evans • Schmitt — Launched: December 7, 1972 • Landed: December 11, 1972 • Splashdown: December 19, 1972 — "...America's challenge of today has forged man's destiny of tomorrow." —
Commander Gene Cernan spoke these words as the last man to walk on the Moon. Apollo 17 was the final Apollo mission and the crowning achievement of the entire Apollo program. The mission set numerous Apollo program records: the longest mission, . . . Map (db m85489) HM
48 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Conrad • Gordon • Bean — Launched: November 14, 1969 • Landed: November 19, 1969 • Splashdown: November 24, 1969 — "I see the Surveyor! I see the Surveyor!" —
Command module pilot Richard Gordon assured Pete Conrad, lunar module commander, that his landing was right on target. Apollo 12 stands out as the first of the Moon flights to achieve a pinpoint landing. Despite a rocky start caused by . . . Map (db m85492) HM
49 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — External Tank — Liquid Propellent Supply for Space Shuttle Main Engines
The tank exhibited at the U. S. Space & Rocket Center is real. It was delivered to NASA in 1977 it was the first ever built for the shuttle program. The tank was used in the Space Shuttle Main Engine test program at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in . . . Map (db m98216) HM
50 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Formation of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center
On September 8, 1960, President Dwight Eisenhower formally dedicated the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, as a new field installation of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) organization that had . . . Map (db m50147) HM
51 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Grissom • White • Chaffee — Date of Incident: January 27, 1967 • Intended Launch Date: February 21, 1967 — "Fire in the Cockpit!" —
These were among the last words from Apollo 1. On January 27, 1967, the first scheduled Apollo flight, Apollo/Saturn 204, was undergoing routine launch pad tests. Soon after the crew was sealed inside the command module, a deadly fire exploded . . . Map (db m85495) HM
52 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Hermes Guided Missile
First American-made guided missile put on public display. First showing was May 14, 1953 at Huntsville, home of the world's largest rocket and guided missile research and development center, Redstone Arsenal.Map (db m34957) HM
53 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Lovell • Swigert • Haise — Launched: April 11, 1970 • Splashdown: April 17, 1970 — "Okay Houston, Hey, We've got a problem here..." —
Commander Jim Lovell's words initiated heroic efforts by crew and mission control to salvage a crippled spacecraft and return Apollo 13 safely to Earth. The Apollo 13 mission is the only Apollo flight remembered primarily for the effort to . . . Map (db m85543) HM
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54 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Main Engines — Power for Lift-off and Ascent to Orbit
The Pathfinder’s three main engines are real. The two lower engines powered the first flight of Columbia in 1981. The engine located at the top was used in ground test firings. At launch, the three Space Shuttle Main Engines (fed liquid . . . Map (db m98026) HM
55 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Major General H.N. Toftoy, USA.
This plaque was placed here by Citizens of Huntsville and Madison County, Alabama, In Honor Of Major General H.N. Toftoy, USA. Who was Commanding General of Redstone Arsenal from September 1, 1954, to March 31, 1958. It was unveiled . . . Map (db m27906) HM
56 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — McDivitt • Scott • Schweickart / Stafford • Young • Cernan — Launched: March 3, 1969 • Splashdown: March 13,1969 — Launched: May 18, 1969 • Splashdown: May 26, 1969 —
"…We had to fly once more before we take the big step…" Apollo spacecraft program manager, George Low, explained why landing on the Moon would have to wait a little longer. Apollo missions 9 and 10 served as vital dress rehearsals. Their . . . Map (db m85544) HM
57 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Monte Sano Elementary School
From a small self-contained 1800s rural community Monte Sano ballooned with the Space Age. By 1958 there were approximately 100 families connected with the Space Program living on Monte Sano. Many were von Braun Rocket Team Members. The school . . . Map (db m154275) HM
58 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Ms. Baker: Monkeynaut
Able, an American-born rhesus monkey, and Baker, a South American squirrel monkey, where launched on May 28, 1959, aboard an Army Jupiter missile. Launched in the nose cone, the two animals were carried to a 300-mile altitude, and both were . . . Map (db m98202) HM
59 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — NASA / U.S. Geological Survey — Mobile Geological Laboratory
The Mobile Geological Laboratory (MOLAB) was built as part of the development of NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle(LRV) program. NASA engineers and scientists studied a number of different concepts for vehicles to use on the lunar surface. This rover . . . Map (db m98200) HM
60 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — NASA Skylab
Skylab, the United States' first space station, was manned from May 25, 1973 to February 8, 1974 by three separate astronaut crews. Experiments were performed to enrich our knowledge of Earth, Sun, stars and cosmic space; to study the effects of . . . Map (db m98190) HM
61 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Pathfinder — Huntsville's Orbiter for NASA's Fleet
Pathfinder is a 75-ton simulator which was used to practice lifting and handling the real Orbiters. It was originally built at Marshall Space Flight Center in 1977 as a stand-in for Space Shuttle Enterprise to fit-check the roads and . . . Map (db m98021) HM
62 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Pathfinder Orbiter — Shuttle “Body Double”
Pathfinder is a test article of NASA Space Shuttle Orbiter, built by Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in 1977 to practice lifting and handling the future Orbiter vehicles. Made of scrap rocket parts steel beams and wood, the mockup’s size, . . . Map (db m98197) HM
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63 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Saturn V
Used during the Apollo Lunar Landing Program of the 1960's and 1970's, the Saturn V rocket remains the largest, most powerful rocket ever built. This full scale mock up was completed in July 1999 to serve as the focal point for the 30th . . . Map (db m85601) HM
64 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Schirra • Eisele • Cunningham / Borman • Lovell • Anders — Launched: October 11, 1968 • Splashdown: October 22, 1968 — Launched: December 21, 1968 • Splashdown: December 27, 1968 —
"…A Merry Christmas and God bless all of you • All of you • On the good Earth." With these good wishes, the crew of Apollo 8 signed off their Christmas Eve telecast from orbit around the Moon. These successful flights came only months . . . Map (db m85602) HM
65 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Schrimsher Farm — Sunrise Terrace Subdivision
Caroline (Cherokee) & William (Scotch-Irish) Schrimsher first of four generations to farm this 36 acres from 1880-1939. After World War II Wernher von Braun's team of scientists were brought from Germany to Ft. Bliss, Texas and then to Huntsville, . . . Map (db m154271) HM
66 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Scott • Worden • Irwin — Launched: July 26, 1971 • Landed: July 30, 1971 • Splashdown: August 7, 1971 — "It's really rolling hills, up and down we go, buckin' bronco!" —
Lunar module pilot Jim Irwin described his ride in the first lunar rover. The Apollo 15 mission is best remembered for introducing the electric Lunar Roving Vehicle, better known as the rover (which was developed at Huntsville's Marshall Space . . . Map (db m85603) HM
67 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Shepard • Roosa • Mitchell — Launched: January 31, 1971 • Landed: February 5, 1971 • Splashdown: February 9, 1971 — "...It's been a long way, but we're here." —
Alan Shepard's first words on the Moon - ten years after he made history as the first American in space. Less than a year after the "successful failure" of Apollo 13, the mission of Apollo 14 accomplished much of what its predecessor had hoped . . . Map (db m85605) HM
68 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — T-38 Talon — Supersonic Jet Trainer
Since the 1960s, NASA astronauts have trained for the stresses of spaceflight in the high-altitude, two-seater, supersonic T-38 Talon. Developed by Northrop Grumman, the T-38 became the world’s first supersonic jet trainer in 1961 when it entered . . . Map (db m98025) HM
69 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — U.S. Air Force SM-65 Atlas-F
The ATLAS rocket was American's first Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). It was first successfully launched in December, 1955. Originally a weapons delivery system, the Atlas D was selected by NASA to be the rocket that sent American . . . Map (db m98192) HM
70 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — U.S. Army PGM-11 Redstone
First test-launched in August, 1953, the Redstone Medium-Range Ballistic Missile evolved from a five-year Army research and development program. Named for Redstone Arsenal—where it was developed—this vehicle played a crucial role . . . Map (db m98220) HM
71 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — U.S. Army PGM-19 Jupiter
America's first Intermediate-range ballistic missile (RBM), the Jupiter Rocket was an outgrowth of Redstone rocket technology. It was developed at Redstone Arsenal under the technical guidance of German rocket engineers. First test-launched . . . Map (db m98201) HM
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72 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — U.S. Army/NASA Juno II
The Juno II was a modified Jupiter rocket with upper stages and payload sections. Its single engine-just like the Jupiter's-could be gimbaled during launch for steering control. Juno II played an important role in the history of space flight. In . . . Map (db m98218) HM
73 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Young • Mattingly • Duke — Launched: April 16, 1972 • Landed: April 20, 1972 • Splashdown: April 27, 1972 — "Look at the size of that rock!" —
Lunar module pilot, Charlie Duke, exclaimed. The Apollo 16 astronauts may have qualified for the Guinness Book of World Records for pushing their lunar rover to eleven miles per hour - but that was not their most serious accomplishment. . . . Map (db m69754) HM
74 Alabama, Madison County, New Market — Site of Quick Airplane — Construction And Flight
On this site, inventor and early aviation pioneer William Lafayette Quick and his sons designed and built the first airplane to be flown in the State of Alabama. Construction began in 1900. Awaiting an engine, it took nearly eight years to complete. . . . Map (db m85841) HM
75 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — B-52D "Stratofortress"
Plans for the B-52 began as early as 1945, but the first flight of a B52D was not until June 4, 1956. The operational life of the B-52 spans the period from 1957 to the present, and included the most critical phase of the war in Vietnam. The . . . Map (db m50424) HM
76 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Grumman HU-16E Albatross
During the late 1940's Grumman began work on a replacement for their G-73 Mallard. The replacement needed to be larger and faster than the older aircraft. The HU-16 Albatross utilized a deep V-shaped hull to make it stable while in water. On land it . . . Map (db m191383) HM
77 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Mobile Aeroplex at Brookley
The Mobile Aeroplex at Brookley encompasses much of the early history of aviation in Alabama, including Monroe Park where aerial experimenter John Fowler displayed his flying machine designs. The fairgrounds located adjacent to Monroe Park were . . . Map (db m226709) HM
78 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Sikorsky Helicopter "SeaGuard" — USCG-HH-52A
The aircraft on display here is a United States Coast Guard HH-52A amphibious helicopter named "SeaGuard." Developed to replace the HO4S-3G/HH-19G helicopters, the USCG evaluated the Sikorsky S-62A prototype N880 from 1959-60 and was impressed with . . . Map (db m191519) HM
79 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — "That Others May Live"
Front Dedicated to Air and Maintenance Crews who flew and maintained the H-43 and the ones who made the supreme sacrifice "That Others May Live" And never let us take lightly the freedom for which they . . . Map (db m95537) HM WM
80 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — “Bird-Dog”
The Cessna 305A (O-1A) (L-19A) was used extensively for Forward Air Controller service in Southeast Asia. The “Bird-Dog” was made available to Civil Air Patrol from DOD excess sources and is a proven vehicle in the . . . Map (db m95826) HM WM
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81 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — 1Lt Karl W. Richter — Killed in Action July 28, 1967, North Vietnam — Of The Warrior Breed —
"Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?... Here am I. Send me." Isaiah 6:8 "Here dead lie we because we did not choose to live and shame the land from which we sprung. Life to be sure is nothing much to lose, but young men think it . . . Map (db m64566) HM WM
82 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Air University / Maxwell Air Force Base
(Side A) Air University The Air Corps Tactical School moved to Maxwell in 1931. Brilliant young officers like Chennault, Eaker, Fairchild, Hansell, Kuter, LeMay, Quesada, and Vandenberg formulated the aerial strategies and tactics . . . Map (db m64437) HM
83 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Air University Commanders
Maj Gen Muir S. Fairchild February 1946 – May 1948 Maj Gen Robert W. Harper May 1948 – October 1948 Gen George C. Kenney November 1948 – July 1951 Lt Gen Idwal H. Edwards August 1951 – . . . Map (db m64368) HM
84 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Always Vigilant
. . . Map (db m95828) WM
85 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — AU "Thinks War"
Post-Vietnam Era marked a turning point for AU. Lt Gen Furlong, AU commander, launched a three year campaign to overhaul the curriculum which became known as “Putting the ‘War’ back into War College.” Between 1975 and 1976 AU gained . . . Map (db m64375) HM
86 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Boeing B-52D "Stratofortress"
Remaining in operation longer than any bomber in U.S. military history, the B-52 was the Strategic Air Command's principal long-range heavy bomber from the time it became operational in 1955. Affectionately known as the BUFF (Big Ugly Fat . . . Map (db m64474) HM
87 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — British and Commonwealth Pilots Trained in the U.S.A.
In 1941, before Pearl Harbour, President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed with Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, to provide flight training for British and Commonwealth pilots in the U.S.A. by the U.S. Army Air Corps. Over 4,000 pilots were . . . Map (db m64476) HM WM
88 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Cessna T-41A "Mescalero"
The Cessna T-41 was derived from a standard Cessna Model 172 light aviation aircraft. Between 1965 and 1969 the USAF purchased 211 T-41A variants "off the shelf" for the preliminary flight screening of pilot candidates; another 52 T-41C variants . . . Map (db m64482) HM
89 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Changing Roles of AU
Charged with developing doctrines and concepts for the employment of air power, AU produced the first basic doctrine manuals for the Air Force. AU also gained notoriety with projects such as Corona Harvest, which studied and developed . . . Map (db m64374) HM
90 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Chennault Circle
To accommodate expansion of programs, a five million dollar construction project began in 1954 to give AU a modern, integrated academic center with a collegiate atmosphere and facilities in keeping with its educational mission. We’re . . . Map (db m64372) HM
91 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Establishment of Air University 1946
The Army Air Forces school was assigned its first commander, Major General Muir S. Fairchild, in February 1946, and renamed Air University in March. The dedication ceremony occurred 3 Sep 1946. The first classes at the Air War College and the . . . Map (db m64370) HM
92 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Expansion of Air University
During the early 1950’s, Air Force leaders decided to consolidate and relocate professional military and continuing education activities, as well as commissioning and specialized schools to Maxwell and Gunter Air Force Bases. ”(Air . . . Map (db m64371) HM
93 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — General Larry D. Welch — 12th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force — Served 1951 - 1990, Aviation Cadet 1953 —
General (ret) Welch was born in 1934 in Guymon, Okla., and graduated from Liberal (Kan.) High School in 1952. He enlisted in the Kansas National Guard in October 1951, serving with the 161st Armored Field Artillery until enlisting in the U.S. . . . Map (db m64500) HM
94 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Joint Programs
Air University began new Air War College and Air Command and Staff College programs in 1987 which met newly mandated “Joint” education requirements. These programs emphasized joint war fighting. ”The basic reason for the . . . Map (db m64378) HM
95 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Lister Hill Center — Named in honor of Senator Lister Hill — 1894-1984 —
This facility is dedicated to the memory of Senator Lister Hill who faithfully served his state and the nation for forty-five years as a member of the House of Representatives and the United States Senate. An Infantry Officer during World War I, . . . Map (db m79082) HM
96 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Lt. William C. Maxwell / Air Force ROTC
Lt. William C. Maxwell (Side A) William Calvin Maxwell was born Nov. 9, 1892 in Natchez, Ala. An Army ROTC student at the University of Alabama, he left in 1917 to enlist in the Army. He received his commission in April 1918, after . . . Map (db m64367) HM
97 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault / Three Men on a Flying Trapeze
(Side 1) Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault Born in Commerce, Tx, on 6 Sep 1893, Chennault was commissioned in 1917 and received his wings in 1919. A graduate of and instructor at the Air Corps Tactical School, he became a leading . . . Map (db m72169) HM
98 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — McDonnell Douglas F-4D "Phantom II"
First flown in May 1958, the Phantom II originally was developed for U.S. Navy fleet defense and entered service in 1961. The USAF evaluated it for close air support, interdiction, and counter-air operations and, in 1962, approved a USAF . . . Map (db m64504) HM
99 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — McDonnell RF-101C "Voodoo"
Ordered in 1951 by the Strategic Air command as a long-range escort fighter, the F-101 lineage included several versions: Low-altitude fighter-bomber; photo-reconnaissance; two-seat interceptor; and transition trainer. To accelerate production, . . . Map (db m64503) HM
100 Alabama, Montgomery County, Maxwell Air Force Base — Monument to Powered Flight
In tribute to the perseverance and achievements of the Wright Brothers and the leadership and foresight of the Citizens of Montgomery, Alabama. Together they established the nation's first school of civil aviation in March, 1910, launching America . . . Map (db m64567) HM

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Sep. 21, 2023