“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Lee County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Lee County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Lee County, VA (41) Scott County, VA (31) Wise County, VA (25) Bell County, KY (56) Harlan County, KY (34) Claiborne County, TN (22) Hancock County, TN (2)  LeeCounty(41) Lee County (41)  ScottCounty(31) Scott County (31)  WiseCounty(25) Wise County (25)  BellCountyKentucky(56) Bell County (56)  HarlanCounty(34) Harlan County (34)  ClaiborneCountyTennessee(22) Claiborne County (22)  HancockCounty(2) Hancock County (2)
Jonesville is the county seat for Lee County
Adjacent to Lee County, Virginia
      Scott County (31)  
      Wise County (25)  
      Bell County, Kentucky (56)  
      Harlan County, Kentucky (34)  
      Claiborne County, Tennessee (22)  
      Hancock County, Tennessee (2)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia, Lee County, Blackwater — Z-128 — Lee County Virginia / Tennessee                   
Lee County Virginia. Area 446 square miles. Formed in 1782 from Russell, and named for Henry (Light-Horse Harry) Lee, revolutionary soldier and governor of Virginia, 1791–1794. Daniel Boone’s son was killed by indians in this . . . Map (db m104316) HM
2Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — A Maze of Mountains Reported missing
The Cumberland Mountains on which you stand are only one link in a great chain of ridges and valleys that stretch 900 miles from New England to Alabama. The Appalachian wilderness was a 150-mile-wide wall to settlers looking west in the late 1700s. . . . Map (db m207050) HM
3Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Abundance of Wild Beasts
The abundance of game animals across Cumberland Gap attracted hunters to the region. Leaving home for months and sometimes years, long hunters such as Daniel Boone harvested deer, beaver, bear, elk, and other animals for their profitable pelts. . . . Map (db m188391) HM
4Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Boundaries Settled
The exact spot where Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia met is not easy to see on the ridge line below. Nor was it easy to determine. In 1665 Great Britain's King Charles II declared his Virginia colony was to be separated from his Carolina colony . . . Map (db m35907) HM
5Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — K-1 — Cumberland Gap
This pass was long the gateway to the west. On April 13, 1750, Dr. Thomas Walker reached the gap, which he named for the Duke of Cumberland, son of George II. A few years later Daniel Boone and numberless pioneers passed through it on the way to . . . Map (db m35777) HM
6Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Daniel Boone Wilderness Trail
The Wilderness Trail follows as closely as possible the 100-mile route Daniel Boone blazed in 1775 from the Tennessee-Virginia border to Cumberland Gap. Also known as the Warrior's Path or Wilderness Road, the trail opened the lands west of the . . . Map (db m207722) HM
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7Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Gap Cave — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
This cave system has a long history and a fascinating assortment of strange and sometimes imaginative names. Today the famous cave wears once again the first name that we know about, the name first recorded by Virginia land speculator and explorer . . . Map (db m207721) HM
8Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Gateway to KaintuckCumberland Gap National Historical Park
For travelers who had to walk, the Appalachian mountains seemed like an impenetrable wall, 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. Here at Cumberland Gap you could find both a good way in and a good way out of that rugged labyrinth of ridges, . . . Map (db m207278) HM
9Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Generations Have Enjoyed this View
I cannot conceive of anyone passing this way who will not avail himself of taking this trail to the top of Pinnacle Mountain...there will be many pilgrimages...[to] this historic spot... The beauty of the mountains, the spirit of the pioneer and . . . Map (db m35916) HM
10Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Hard Road to a New Life — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
What a road have we passed! Certainly the worst on the whole continent, even in the best weather; yet, bad as it was, there were 400–500 crossing...whilst we were...A man who is well-mounted will scorn to complain of the roads when he sees men, . . . Map (db m207720) HM
11Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Hiking in the Gapfrom Iron Furnace — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
Just up this trail you can see a rough stone tower that once was the fiery heart of a 19th-century iron-making business. Cumberland Gap provided all the necessary ingredients—abundant waterpower from Gap Creek, iron ore from nearby mines, . . . Map (db m162934) HM
12Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Hiking Up to White Rocks — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
Westbound settlers on the Wilderness Road in the late 1700s welcomed their first sight of White Rocks. This bright sandstone beacon was a well-known signpost that Cumberland Gap was only another day's walk away. But few—if any—of those travelers . . . Map (db m207555) HM
13Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — In Search of Food
Bison and other game animals established paths through Cumberland Gap as they searched for food, salt and water in the old-growth forest. Cumberland Gap, a notch in the Appalachian Mountains created by geologic forces, was a natural corridor . . . Map (db m188410) HM
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14Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — K-3 — Indian Mound
A short distance north is the Ely Mound, the best-preserved Indian mound in Virginia. It dates to the Late Woodland-Mississippian Period (AD 1200–1650), during which more complex societies and practices evolved, including chiefdoms and . . . Map (db m44332) HM
15Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Iron FurnaceCumberland Gap National Historical Park
From the early 1820s to the 1880s, an iron smelting business here took advantage of the rushing waters of Gap Creek. Today only the creek and part of the original 30-foot-high stone tower remain, a small part of an industrial complex of . . . Map (db m207276) HM
16Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — John Ball1756–1809
Pioneer settler of Lee County, Revolutionary soldier, juror, and surveyor. Helped select road from Martins Station to Cumberland Gap. Buried south of here at mouth of the cave. His wife was “Polly” Yearly. His great-grandson, P. M. Ball . . . Map (db m44235) HM
17Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Z-130 — Lee County / Tennessee
Lee County. Lee County, the western-most county in Virginia, was formed from Russell County in 1792; a part of Scott County was added later. The county is named for Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, governor of Virginia from 1791 to 1794 and . . . Map (db m80237) HM
18Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — K 126 — Lee County Code Breakers
Frank B. Rowlett (1908-1998) and Gene Grabeel (1920-2015) grew up in Rose Hill, seven miles northeast of here. Rowlett, working in the U.S. Army's Signal Intelligence Service, led the team that in 1940 cracked the Japanese diplomatic cipher machine . . . Map (db m162938) HM
19Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Named for a British Lord Reported missing
The town you see 1,400 feet below, the mountain on which you stand, and the Gap itself all bear the name of an English royal - the Duke of Cumberland. Prince William Augustus (1721-1765) was the third and favorite son of King George II. The popular . . . Map (db m207051) HM
20Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — On Guard in Cumberland Gap — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
For 44 months, thousands of troops—both Confederate and Federal—guarded this strategic pass and wagon road. More than a dozen fortifications and batteries on this rugged terrain made it a defense that no general was willing to assault. . . . Map (db m207275) HM
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21Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Powell's Valley Reported missing
The names of the valley, river, and mountains that stretch out before you echo the names of long-hunters and explorers of the mid-18th century. Frontiersman Ambrose Powell came here with the Loyal Land Company expedition in April 1750. Long-hunter . . . Map (db m207052) HM
22Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Settling an Old Dispute — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
Near here the famed explorer Meriwether Lewis made a discovery that might have mattered more to the people of Kentucky and Tennessee than Lewis and Clark's first sighting of the Pacific Ocean in 1805. Both Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark . . . Map (db m207715) HM
23Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Warriors and Traders
Following game paths, American Indians journeyed through the Gap on trading and warring expeditions. For centuries, the Shawnee, Cherokee, and Iroquois fought for control of the land. In more peaceful times, they traveled through the Gap to trade . . . Map (db m188404) HM
24Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Warriors' PathCumberland Gap National Historical Park
Before trucks and cars in the 1900s, before steam locomotives in the 1800s, before long-hunters' packhorses in the 1700s, there was long-distance traffic crossing the Gap — on foot — going both north and south. No one knows how many centuries . . . Map (db m207279) HM
25Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — K-7 — White Rocks
The cliffs to the north were a familiar landmark along the Wilderness Road which was blazed by Daniel Boone in March, 1775, and which was the principal route from Virginia to Kentucky. They are part of the Cumberland Mountains.Map (db m44325) HM
26Virginia, Lee County, Ewing — Z-292 — William H. Starnes: Agricultural Educator
Passage of the Vocational Education Act in 1917 brought agricultural training to high schools across the nation. Difficult terrain and poor roadways limited its success in southwestern Virginia. Pioneering educator William H Starnes established a . . . Map (db m148796) HM
27Virginia, Lee County, Jonesville — Doctor Still’s Birthplace
Andrew Taylor Still, physician and founder for Osteopathic medicine was born here in a log cabin on August 6, 1828. The cabin now stands on the campus of Kirksville College of Osteopathy and Surgery in Kirksville, Missouri, the first American school . . . Map (db m44372) HM
28Virginia, Lee County, Jonesville — K-8 — Doctor Still’s Birthplace
Andrew Taylor Still, physician and founder of osteopathy, was born two miles southwest, near the Natural Bridge of Lee County, August 6, 1828. Dr. Still served in the War Between the States. He established the first American school of osteopathy in . . . Map (db m36026) HM
29Virginia, Lee County, Jonesville — K-10 — Jonesville
This town was established in 1794 as the county seat of Lee County and was named for Frederick Jones. Here on January 3, 1864, General William E. Jones, assisted by Colonel A.L. Pridemore, defeated a Union force, capturing the battalion. Union . . . Map (db m36028) HM
30Virginia, Lee County, Jonesville — K-9 — Jonesville Methodist Camp Ground
This camp ground was established in 1810 as a place for religious services for the Methodists of Lee County on lands given by Elkanah Wynn. In June, 1827, Rev. Abraham Still, Daniel Dickenson, George Morris, Evans Peery, Henry Thompson, Elkanah Wynn . . . Map (db m36025) HM
31Virginia, Lee County, Jonesville — K-6 — Thompson Settlement Church
This Baptist Church, a mile southeast, is the oldest church in Lee County. It was organized in 1800; the original site was on Powell’s River, a short distance west. John Kinney was the first pastor. The church was removed to the present site in 1822.Map (db m44361) HM
32Virginia, Lee County, Olinger — X-26 — Members of Congress
Three men who served in Congress were born within a one-mile radius of this point James B. Richmond (1842–1910) was a member of the House of Representatives from 1879 to 1881 as a Democrat. Campbell Slemp (1839–1907), a Republican, . . . Map (db m104896) HM
33Virginia, Lee County, Pennington Gap — Z-251 — Lee County Virginia / KentuckyArea 446 Square Miles
(obverse) Lee County Virginia Area 446 Square Miles Formed in 1792 from Russell, and named for Henry (Light-Horse Harry) Lee, Revolutionary soldier and Governor of Virginia, 1791-1794. Daniel Boone's son was killed by Indians . . . Map (db m181401) HM
34Virginia, Lee County, Pennington Gap — X-30 — Pennington Gap
Pennington Gap is a mountain pass named for an early settler. The town came into existence with the extension of the Louisville and Nashville railroad, 1890. It was incorporated in 1891. Standing on a short-cut highway to eastern Kentucky, it is a . . . Map (db m90916) HM
35Virginia, Lee County, Rose Hill — K-4 — Martin’s Station
In March 1769 Joseph Martin led a party of men to the Powell Valley, and attempted to establish a settlement nearby. By that fall they abandoned the site after conflicting with Native Americans. Martin returned here with a party of men in early 1775 . . . Map (db m44357) HM
36Virginia, Lee County, Stickleyville — K-32 — Death of Boone's Son
In this valley, on 10 Oct. 1773, Delaware, Shawnee, and Cherokee Indians killed Daniel Boone's eldest son, James, and five others in their group of eight settlers en route to Kentucky. Separated from Daniel Boone's main party, the men had set up . . . Map (db m35981) HM
37Virginia, Lee County, Stickleyville — K-5 — Fanny Dickenson Scott Johnson
In this valley in June 1785, Fanny Dickenson Scott's husband, Archibald Scott, their four children and a young male member of the nearby Ball family were killed by members of four different Indian tribes. The rest of the Ball family escaped, but . . . Map (db m35982) HM
38Virginia, Lee County, Stickleyville — K 127 — Long Hunters
Long hunters, so named because they left home for months at a time, pursued game beyond the limits of Euro-American settlement in the 18th century. Hunting parties of ten formed in the Holston River valley and traveled west before setting up base . . . Map (db m162939) HM
39Virginia, Lee County, Turkey Cove — X-24 — Seminary United Methodist Church
The Seminary United Methodist Church was established in 1851 in Turkey Cove. Over the years this structure has served as a church, a school and a Masonic Lodge. Its first of board of trustees included W. N. G. Barron, James F Jones, Henry C. . . . Map (db m104890) HM
40Virginia, Lee County, Turkey Cove — Turkey CoveAn Appalachian Community in the Midst of War
This valley was one of the most fertile and prosperous in the region during the Civil War. Turkey Cove contained farms large and small, prosperous and failing, and men who weighed their southern-facing economic interests with their traditional . . . Map (db m104895) HM
41Virginia, Lee County, Wheeler — Fulfilling the Dream — Cumberland Gap National Historical Park —
If roads could talk, the one you are on would have many tales to tell. From buffalo trace to Warriors Path, Wilderness Road, Dixie Highway, U.S. Highway 25E, and back again to the Wilderness Road – it has come almost full circle over the past two . . . Map (db m207723) HM
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Apr. 2, 2023