“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Northumberland County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Northumberland County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Northumberland County, VA (43) Accomack County, VA (134) Lancaster County, VA (35) Richmond County, VA (16) Westmoreland County, VA (103) Somerset County, MD (37) St. Mary s County, MD (297)  NorthumberlandCounty(43) Northumberland County (43)  AccomackCounty(134) Accomack County (134)  LancasterCounty(35) Lancaster County (35)  RichmondCounty(16) Richmond County (16)  WestmorelandCounty(103) Westmoreland County (103)  SomersetCountyMaryland(37) Somerset County (37)  St.Mary'sCounty(297) St. Mary's County (297)
Heathsville is the county seat for Northumberland County
Adjacent to Northumberland County, Virginia
      Accomack County (134)  
      Lancaster County (35)  
      Richmond County (16)  
      Westmoreland County (103)  
      Somerset County, Maryland (37)  
      St. Mary's County, Maryland (297)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Northumberland County, Callao — O-70 — British Attacks at Kinsale and Muddy Point / The War of 1812
British Attacks at Kinsale and Muddy Point. Two miles east on 3 Aug. 1814, 500 British marines and seamen under Adm. Sir George Cockburn landed at Mundy’s Point and Kinsale. Opposing the enemy at the Point were Capt. William Henderson and . . . Map (db m97687) HM
2 Virginia, Northumberland County, Callao — O-54 — Chambers Stamp Factory
Two miles northeast, at Lodge, stood the Chambers Stamp Factory, owned by the same family for our generations. Founded in Washington, D.C., about 1830 by Benjamin Chambers, Sr., an engraver and inventor of a breech-loading cannon, the company . . . Map (db m22491) HM
3 Virginia, Northumberland County, Callao — Greater love hath no man than this
Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. John 15:13Map (db m158749) WM
4 Virginia, Northumberland County, Callao — O-72 — The Rev. Paymus Nutt(ca. 1817 – ca. 1899)
The Rev. Paymus (Pyramus) Nutt, born into slavery, helped organize four African American churches in Northumberland County after the Civil War. In 1866 he co-founded First Baptist. Shiloh Baptist, established in 1867, called him to be its first . . . Map (db m99406) HM
5 Virginia, Northumberland County, Callao — O-70 — The War of 1812 / British Attacks at Kinsale and Mundy Point
The War of 1812. Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America’s War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British . . . Map (db m76405) HM
6 Virginia, Northumberland County, Claraville — O-66 — Northumberland Academy
The Virginia General Assembly incorporated the Northumberland Academy in 1818. The school provided classical education for male students to prepare them for college or positions of leadership in the community. Because universal state funded . . . Map (db m22949) HM
7 Virginia, Northumberland County, Claraville — JT-12 — Northumberland House and Mantua
Five miles northeast is the site of Northumberland House, built by the third Peter Presley, who was murdered in 1750. He was the last male descendant of the first William Presley, who settled there and who was a Burgess as early as 1647. Mantua, . . . Map (db m22715) HM
8 Virginia, Northumberland County, Farnham — Z-2 — Richmond County / Northumberland County
Richmond County. Area 204 Square Miles. Formed in 1692 from Old Rappahannock County, and named for the town of Richmond, Surrey, England. Sabine Hall and Mount Airy, noted old homes, are in this county. Northumberland . . . Map (db m76410) HM
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9 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — O-74 — First Baptist Church
First Baptist Church, the earliest African American Baptist congregation in Northumberland County, originated in 1866 when black members of Coan Baptist Church began holding worship services at the home of Alexander Day. They later worshiped at . . . Map (db m176493) HM
10 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — O-73 — Freedom for Slaves of Robert Carter III
On 5 Sept. 1791, Robert Carter III (1728-1804), one of the wealthiest men in the United States, filed a deed of manumission at the Northumberland County Courthouse. This document eventually freed more than 500 enslaved African Americans owned by . . . Map (db m99410) HM
11 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — O-65 — John Heath
John Heath was born on 8 May 1758 in Northumberland County. He attended William & Mary College and on 5 Dec. 1776, he and four of his classmates founded Phi Beta Kappa, a prestigious undergraduate honors organization. He became its first president. . . . Map (db m22550) HM
12 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — Korean and Vietnam Wars Memorial
A tribute to those from Northumberland County who lost their lives in Korean War Ellis L. Deihl • Levin F. Fisher • Stewart C. Lewis, Jr. • John M. Wildy • Thomas B. Wootteon Vietnam War Hovey R. Curry • William L. . . . Map (db m176496) WM
13 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — Northumberland County Confederate Monument
In memory of the soldiers of Northumberland who gave their lives for the cause of their native state and the South. This monument is erected by the Ladies Memorial Association of Northumberland County Capt. R. H. Hall. • Lieut. T. H. Cox. . . . Map (db m76413) WM
14 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — Northumberland County Jail1839
A contributing building to the designation of Heathsville as a historic district by the Commonwealth of Virginia and its placement on the National Register of Historic Places 1992Map (db m176497) HM
15 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — Northumberland Courthouse Square
This site first patented in 1663 was the site of the first courthouse built c.1681. The present courthouse built in 1851 is the third on this site.Map (db m76414) HM WM
16 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — O-60 — Rice’s Hotel / Hughlett’s Tavern
Originally known as Hughlett’s Tavern, this building, located behind the courthouse, served visitors to court for more than 150 years. John Hughlett erected the original portion of the tavern before 1795. Griffin H. Foushee, who purchased it in . . . Map (db m22709) HM
17 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — O-49 — St. Stephen’s Parish
Formed in 1653 as Chickacone Parish and renamed Fairfield in 1664. The upper part was known locally as Bowtracy Parish. When St. Stephen’s Parish was formed in 1698, Fairfield became its lower part and Bowtracy its upper part.Map (db m22706) HM
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18 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — World War I Memorial★ 1917 ★ 1918 ★
★ ★ ★ We, the people of Northumberland County, as a lasting expression of our gratitude and affection have dedicated this memorial as a testimonial to the young men of this county who in a spirit of unselfish patriotism answered . . . Map (db m176498) WM
19 Virginia, Northumberland County, Heathsville — World War II Memorial
A tribute to those from Northumberland County who lost their lives in World War II Hubert Banks • S. Frederick Biddlecomb • C. Campbell Brann • Arthur Bryant • J. Preston Bryant • E. Hugh Cockrell • Albert J. Crabbe • Cecil . . . Map (db m176494) WM
20 Virginia, Northumberland County, Kilmarnock — JX-5 — Morattico Baptist Church
On the hill is Morattico Church, organized in 1778, the mother Baptist church of the Northern Neck. The present building was erected in 1856. Lewis Lunsford, first pastor, is buried here.Map (db m24477) HM
21 Virginia, Northumberland County, Lottsburg — O-53 — Cherry Point and Cowart’s Wharf
Settled by Englishmen about 1640, Cherry Point was later a childhood home of Mary Ball, the mother of George Washington. In August 1814 American militia repulsed a British force there. From the early 1800s to the 1940s, steamboats plied the . . . Map (db m22531) HM
22 Virginia, Northumberland County, Lottsburg — O-48 — Holley Graded School
In 1868, Caroline Putnam (1826–1917) established a school for the children of former slaves here. In 1869, her lifelong friend, Sallie Holley (1818–1893) of N.Y., abolitionist and suffragette, purchased this two-acre site. Holley was an . . . Map (db m22532) HM
23 Virginia, Northumberland County, Nokomis — JT-9 — British Raids on the Coan River
During the War of 1812, on 7 Aug. 1814 ten British ships and smaller vessels appeared on the Coan River, which flows into the Potomac. The invaders sent three barges to capture three American schooners situated within two miles of . . . Map (db m22536) HM
24 Virginia, Northumberland County, Nokomis — O-56 — Coan Baptist Church
One mile west stands Coan Baptist Church. The Congregation, first known as Wicomico Baptist Church, was organized on 17 November 1804. The members worshiped in each other’s houses until a frame building, Coan Meeting House, was moved to this site in . . . Map (db m22534) HM
25 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — "The Save The Stack Committee"
In April, 2010, a small group of impassioned community members gathered together to discuss the future of Reedville's historic landmark, the 108 year-old Morris-Fisher Stack, which was rapidly deteriorating and in danger of being lost forever. . . . Map (db m176475) HM
26 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Claud W. SomersAdditional Facts
The name: The boat's namesake spelled his name Claude. However, it is thought that when the boat was initially registered the "e" was inadvertently dropped and she has been Claud W. Somers ever since. Speed capability: the fastest we have ever . . . Map (db m176472) HM
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27 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Brass Propeller
This brass propeller was donated by legendary menhaden fish boat captain, John B. Lowry. It was used used on his beloved fish boat, John O, a converted minesweeper. Captain Lowry fished from Long Island, NY to Beaufort, NC from the 1950s to the . . . Map (db m176468) HM
28 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Chesapeake Bay Log Canoe
This artifact is a remnant of a Chesapeake Bay Log Canoe, so called because it was sharp at both ends, constructed from logs rather than planks, and was unique to the Chesapeake Bay. Such vessels, varying in length from 20 ft. to greater than 60 . . . Map (db m176473) HM
29 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Chesapeake Bay's Butler Boats
The boats in this pavilion and on campus represent one of the important themes of the Museum - life on the water. Each is an example of the small skiffs and larger work boats used in this area by local watermen. The vessels were used for multiple . . . Map (db m176485) HM
30 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Drive Boat
The drive or striker boat was essential to the menhaden fishery before spotter planes came into use after World War II. The captain, mate and drive boatsman would spend the fishing day in the crows nest of the fishing vessel. When a school of . . . Map (db m176470) HM
31 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Elva CLength: 55.5 feet; Beam: 13.5 feet; Draft: 4 feet
The Elva C is a "deck boat," a design that contrasts with boats commonly seen now with larger open cockpits. While deckboats were primarily built for fishing pound and seine nets, they were often used in the off season as freight boats or to buy . . . Map (db m176471) HM
32 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — George M. Butler Skiff
George M. Butler built this skiff in 1994 for a local customer. The similarities in design and construction between this skiff and the one built thirty-five years earlier by his father are obvious. With the exception of modern stainless fasteners . . . Map (db m176487) HM
33 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — George Pope Butler Skiff
George Pope Butler built this rowing skiff at the Reedville Railway about 1960 for a resident of Reedville. It was donated to the Museum by the original owner in 2016. A hallmark of Butler skiffs is the joinery, with tolerances so close that it . . . Map (db m176491) HM
34 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — JT-91 — Indian Prisoners Abandoned on Tangier Island
Following paramount chief Opechancanough’s 1644 organized attacks against the English colonists for encroaching on Indian lands, Governor William Berkeley led further military strikes against the Virginia Indians in July 1645, taking many prisoners. . . . Map (db m46718) HM
35 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — O-61 — Julius Rosenwald High School
Originally known as Northumberland County Training School, this institution opened in 1917, under principal John M. Ellison. Local African Americans raised more than $7,000 to build the school and received additional funding from the Rosenwald Fund. . . . Map (db m22954) HM
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36 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Morris-Fisher StackCirca 1902
This stack was constructed around 1902 by the Morris-Fisher Co. At the time it was the largest commercial fish processing plant in the United States. In 2011, after years of weather and extensive lightning damage, the stack was restored under the . . . Map (db m97781) HM
37 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — O-51 — Reedville
Elijah W. Reed, a New England ship captain, established the town in 1874 after building a factory here to process menhaden, a small bony fish rich in oil. Reedville soon became the center of the industry and home port to the Atlantic menhaden . . . Map (db m22959) HM
38 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Rowing Skiff
Until just after the middle of the twentieth century virtually every family living on or near the water had a boat of this type, often home built. They used it for transportation on the creeks, for hook and line fishing and for crabbing around the . . . Map (db m176490) HM
39 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — The Elva C Tender Skiff
This skiff was the tender skiff for the Elva C which is the deck/pound net boat tied at the museum's dock. She was built in 1972 by George Pope Butler at the Reedville Marine Railway, located on Main Street. With the Elva C she was a . . . Map (db m176486) HM
40 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — The Lillian-BA 16 ft Chesapeake Deadrise Skiff
The Lillian-B was designed and built by the volunteers of the Boat Shop at the Reedville Fisherman's Museum under the leadership of Jay Rohmann. This boat is a classic example of a traditional Chesapeake deadrise hull. This distinct type of . . . Map (db m176492) HM
41 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — The Reedville Railway
The boat yard on Main Street in Reedville began operation in the late 1800s. In 1906, Samuel Obediah Butler, grandfather of the present owner, George M. Butler, bought the property with a partner. He became sole owner in 1920. There he and his son, . . . Map (db m176484) HM
42 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — O-69 — The War of 1812 / African Americans in the War of 1812
The War of 1812. Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America’s War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British . . . Map (db m76404) HM
43 Virginia, Northumberland County, Reedville — Trap Skiff
Boats of this type are used in the pound net industry. It is towed to the trap and one or several men use it to go inside the net that forms the pocket of the trap. Standing in this boat they pull the net up so that the fish are tightly contained. A . . . Map (db m176469) HM
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Jun. 8, 2023