“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Former U.S. Presidents: #20 James A. Garfield Historical Markers

Scenes From Hobbs & Marion Streets image, Touch for more information
By Sandra Hughes, April 9, 2016
Scenes From Hobbs & Marion Streets
1 Alabama, Limestone County, Athens — Scenes From Hobbs & Market Streets
The First Baptist Church, organized in 1824, built a meeting house in 1826. A brick structure was erected in 1831 but was replaced with the above building in 1909. This church located on the north west corner of Clinton and Hobbs streets, was later . . . Map (db m93883) HM
2 Alabama, Limestone County, Mooresville — Cottonport / Mooresville
Front The town of Cottonport flourished in the early years of Limestone County. It was settled in 1818 and chartered in 1824. It was located approx. 1½ miles S.E. near the point where Limestone Creek flowed into the Tennessee River and . . . Map (db m85455) HM
3 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Oakleigh
Started in 1833 by James Roper on a Spanish land grant, “Oakleigh” was named for the magnificent oaks around it. The “T” shaped dwelling with elegant parlors and curved outside stairway from the brick terrace to front gallery . . . Map (db m85908) HM
4 Alabama, Morgan County, Decatur — 1 — Decatur and The Civil War in North Alabama“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur —
Decatur had close to 800 residents in 1860, not many more than the 606 persons counted in the 1850 census. Included in the 1860 census were 267 white males, 206 white females, three free blacks including two males and one female, and 130 slaves of . . . Map (db m28209) HM
5 California, Mariposa County, Mariposa — Schlageter Hotel
Built in 1859 by John F. McNamera, destroyed by fire in 1866, rebuilt in 1867 by Herman Schlegeter, Presidents Grant & Garfield stayed here, Walter & Clarice Robinson acquired ownership in 1963.Map (db m46441) HM
6 Connecticut, Fairfield County, Danbury — 25 — Monumental MomentsDanbury, Connecticut — The Museum in the Streets® —
There are monuments located throughout our city that serve as a reminder of those who have served our country. The dedication of the Civil War Soldier’s Monument took place on May 27, 1880 in City Hall Square. The 32-foot high granite . . . Map (db m71246) HM
7 District of Columbia, Washington, Northeast Washington, Capitol Hill — Delaware Avenue & Columbus Circle, NEHistorical Information
Union Station Architecture by Daniel Burnham, 1908 Designed in the Beaux-Arts style, this was the world's largest train station when it opened - the station and terminal zone originally covered approximately 200 acres and included 75 . . . Map (db m8442) HM
8 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Downtown — W.2 — Franklin SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail — Reported permanently removed
"going into the country"
This urban oasis exists because President Andrew Jackson needed water. The site of excellent springs (a rare commodity in the early city when everyone was dependent on private wells), . . . Map (db m29594) HM
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9 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Downtown — W.2 — Franklin SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"Going into the country"
This urban oasis exists because President Andrew Jackson needed water. The site of excellent springs (a rare commodity in the early city, when everyone was dependent on private wells), . . . Map (db m211818) HM
10 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Downtown — The Inaugural Parade Tradition
This montage showing four presidential inaugural parades along 15th St., NW is based on artist Earl Minderman's 1980 visioning of President thomas Jefferson's inaugural parade as well as historic photos of the inauguration of Presidents Garfield, . . . Map (db m91808) HM
11 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Judiciary Square — DC Recorder of Deeds Building / WPA Era Murals515 D Street, NW — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC —
DC’s Art Deco/Art Moderne Recorder of Deeds Building (1941) houses city land records. Many notable African Americans have served as recorders of deeds since President Garfield appointed Frederick Douglass to the post in 1881. These include Branche . . . Map (db m29657) HM
12 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Judiciary Square — e.4 — Sitting in JudgmentCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
This imposing, Greek Revival style structure was designed by George Hadfield as Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Throughout its history, the building has housed the local and federal courts for DC, presided over by judges appointed by . . . Map (db m58366) HM
13 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Logan Circle — 13 — The Presidents' ChurchA Fitting Tribute — Logan Circle Heritage Trail — Reported damaged
Through The 1960s President Lyndon B. Johnson and his family worshipped across the street to your left at National City Christian Church. The First Family sat near the front in the pew deemed safest by their Secret Service agents. The church . . . Map (db m130858) HM
14 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, The National Mall — “My God! What is this?”National Mall and Memorial Parks — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
President James A. Garfield was leaving Washington, DC for his college reunion. He entered the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad station that would have been standing in front of you on the morning of July 2, 1881. Charles Guiteau, a mentally ill office . . . Map (db m127343) HM
15 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, The National Mall — James Garfield's LegacyNational Mall and Memorial Parks — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In front of you stood the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad Station where President James A. Garfield was shot in 1881. Garfield served as the United States' 20th president for only four months before he was assassinated. A modest memorial to Garfield . . . Map (db m127347) HM
16 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, Capitol Hill — Capitol Square, SWHistorical Information
The Peace Monument By Franklin Simmons, 1878 The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. At the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . Map (db m110449) HM
17 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, The National Mall — A Look Inside the Arts and Industries Building Reported permanently removed
The Arts and Industries Building, the second oldest Smithsonian building, was the first building designed for the National Museum, as the Smithsonian's first museum was known. It was constructed between 1879 and 1881 to meet the need for more . . . Map (db m108904) HM
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18 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, The National Mall — Welcome to the Smithsonian's Arts + Industries Building
More than a museum, the Arts + Industries Building (AIB) is a part of our nation's history. A destination for big ideas for more than 140 years. AIB is now poised for the next great chapter in its impressive story. 1876 World's Fair Sparks . . . Map (db m211333) HM
19 Georgia, Glynn County, Jekyll Island — Preserving the Legacy
Chartered by the State of Georgia to be trustworthy stewards of the island, the Jekyll Island Authority has been very active in the preservation of the National Historic Landmark District. The rehabilitation of Crane Cottage and Cherokee in . . . Map (db m115119) HM
20 Illinois, Macon County, Decatur — Lincoln's LegacyLooking for Lincoln
During his presidency, Abraham Lincoln had promised to care for the men in the armed services-and for their widows and orphans. Lincoln was unable, however, to keep that promise. In response, the Grand Army of the Republic or G.A.R. . . . Map (db m56908) HM
21 Indiana, Huntington County, Huntington — Huntington Civil War Memorial
William M. Ager • William Bargrett • William Bowers • John P. Buchanan • William H. Bush • William H. Albertson • James Alexander • John Barnett • Henry C. Bowman • David Barnett • Samuel Brelsford • James O. Campbell • . . . Map (db m161526) WM
22 Iowa, Johnson County, Coralville — 33 — Samuel Jordan Kirkwood1813 – 1894
Kirkwood is the only Iowan to serve as governor, U.S. senator and as a cabinet member. He came to Iowa in 1855 to operate a grist mill in this vicinity. Elected governor in 1859 as a Republican, Kirkwood administered the office with forcefulness and . . . Map (db m33204) HM
23 Kentucky, Pike County, Pikeville — Educator, Soldier, Congressman, PresidentJames A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States Reported unreadable
James Abram Garfield was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, November 10th, 1831. An 1856 graduate of Williams College, he taught classics and became President of Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (later Hiram College), Ohio. In 1859 he was elected to . . . Map (db m146171) HM
24 Kentucky, Pike County, Pikeville — Garfield at PiketonJames A. Garfield and the 18th Brigage Reported unreadable
In December 1861, Col. James A. Garfield, 42nd Ohio Infantry, was selected by General Don Carlos Buell to take a force tot he Big Sandy Valley of Kentucky to clean the region of the Rebels. The previous month, Union General William . . . Map (db m146170) HM
25 Kentucky, Pike County, Pikeville — 52 — James A. Garfield
Here Col. Garfield was commissioned Brigadier General in the Union army. The man who later became president was sworn in as general by Squire Charles of Pike County January 1862.Map (db m146169) HM
26 Maryland, Garrett County, Oakland — Garrett Memorial Church(St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church)
Directly behind you, John W. Garrett built Garrett Memorial Church in 1869 as a memorial to his brother Henry S. Garrett who died in 1867. The site was originally chosen by his brother for a church, but he died before steps could be taken to build . . . Map (db m467) HM
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27 Michigan, Huron County, Port Austin — L815 — Charles G. Learned
A native of New York, contractor Charles G. Learned helped build New York City’s waterworks system and the Erie Canal. Around 1857, Learned and his brother-in-law purchased several thousand acres of pine land in Michigan’s Thumb area. Two years . . . Map (db m160068) HM
28 Montana, Ravalli County, Stevensville — "Removal" of Salish from Bitterroot Valley, 1855-1891
In the Hellgate Treaty negotiations (1855), Xwetxxcln (Plenty Horses or chief Victor) and the Selíš people rebuffed efforts of US officials to get them to abandon the choice lands of their ancestral Bitterroot Valley. After Xwetxxcln died, settlers . . . Map (db m123513) HM
29 New Hampshire, Coos County, Carroll, Bretton Woods — 087 — Crawford House
Abel Crawford and son, Ethan Allen Crawford, built the first Crawford House in 1828. It was run by Ethan's brother, Thomas, until sold in 1852. Fires in 1854 and 1859 destroyed the original inn and a replacement. Col. Cyrus Eastman erected the . . . Map (db m75236) HM
30 New Jersey, Monmouth County, Long Branch — James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield Twentieth President of The United States Born Nov 19, 1831 at Orange, Ohio Died on this site, Sept. 19, 1881.Map (db m6891) HM
31 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Bowery — Freaks! Assassins! Giant Squids!101-103 Bowery
In 1881, Worth’s Museum and Congress of Living and Intimate Curiosities opened at 101 Bowery. Like other dime museums which lined the Bowery, Worth’s offered a variety of freakish amusements, such as the largest specimen of giant squid in North . . . Map (db m132411) HM
32 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Rose Hill — Chester Alan Arthur
Here on September 20, 1881, at 2:15 A.M., Chester Alan Arthur took his oath of office as 21st president of the United States upon the death of president James A. Garfield, killed by a disgruntled office seeker. Garfield's death stirred nationwide . . . Map (db m99292) HM
33 New York, Niagara County, Lockport — 12 — Life on the Barges
Life aboard the canal barges involved hard work. All members of the family had important roles. The man would be in charge of the animals and manage the entire operation. The wife (and mother) had many chores in addition to caring for the . . . Map (db m76893) HM
34 New York, Rensselaer County, Eagle Mills — Dist. 2 School
1-room c. 1840-81. Named for James A. Garfield who taught here 1854-56 while a student at Williams College.Map (db m137026) HM
35 New York, Rensselaer County, Poestenkill — A President with Poestenkill Connections
In 1855 James A. Garfield, while a student at Williams College, preached in the Church of Christ, Disciples. The church occupied the rear of this site facing the "back street". Garfield also taught penmanship to children in a room on the second . . . Map (db m148086) HM
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36 Ohio, Ashland County, Polk — RowsburgFounded Apr. 15, 1835
Near this spot in Sept. 1861 James Garfield, who later became 20th President of the Nation, recruited 50 members of Co. C for his regiment, the 42nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, for Civil War service.Map (db m137858) HM WM
37 Ohio, Columbiana County, Wellsville — The Whitacre House Site
Here James A. Garfield, Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson spoke. Gen. Lewis Cass, U.S. Sec'y of State, was a guest, and Gen. John H. Morgan, C.S.A., "The Raider", was a prisoner of war.Map (db m156051) HM
38 Ohio, Columbiana County, Wellsville — Wellsville Mural
[Mural is on both sides of brick walls on the northern end of town that lie on both sides of the street:] Wellsville Revitalization Committee Picnic "Riverside" Presbyterian Church, USA 525 Riverside Ave. Founded April 5, 1831 . . . Map (db m156060) HM WM
39 Ohio, Cuyahoga County, Cleveland Heights — Burial Place of James A. Garfield
Twentieth President of the United States. Born November 18, 1831 Died September 19, 1881.Map (db m167375) HM
40 Ohio, Franklin County, Columbus, Hilltop — Camp ChaseThe Historic National Road in Ohio
Camp Chase was named in honor of Salmon P. Chase, former governor of Ohio and Secretary of the Treasury in President Abraham Lincoln’s Cabinet. In July 1861, a small prison was erected at Camp Chase to handle the influx of political prisoners . . . Map (db m135244) HM
41 Ohio, Geauga County, Burton — Civil War Cannon
In 1877, Burton Village merchants purchased this ten-pound Parrott gun from the War Department in Washington, D.C. The cannon is said to have been fired at Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, during the Civil War. The inauguration of Rutherford B. . . . Map (db m122771) HM
42 Ohio, Lake County, Mentor — Expanding the HouseJames A. Garfield National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The first house here, built in 1831-32 by James Dickey, stood only 1 1/2-stories tall. In 1876, Congressman James A. Garfield bought the Dickey farm and, in 1880, had the house extensively remodeled. By raising its roof and expanding its outer . . . Map (db m49132) HM
43 Ohio, Lake County, Mentor — James A. Garfield's "Lawnfield"
In 1876, James A. Garfield bought this 118-acre farm in the rural village of Mentor, Ohio, and soon purchased an additional 40 acres. Over the next four years, Garfield doubled the size of the house and made it a home for his wife, Lucretia, their . . . Map (db m49084) HM
44 Ohio, Lake County, Mentor — Lawnfield
Home of James A. Garfield Twentieth President of the United States of America "How sweet and inviting the dear home beckons me away among the green fields of Mentor." From a letter written by James Garfield to his wife . . . Map (db m49085) HM
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45 Ohio, Lake County, Mentor — Railroad ConnectionJames A. Garfield National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This dirt lane once led to the farm's northern fields and the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad tracks, about 3/4 mile from here. During the 1880 presidential campaign, the railroad ran special trains that stopped at Garfield's Farm. From . . . Map (db m49119) HM
46 Ohio, Lucas County, Grand Rapids, Providence Township — Through The Eyes Of An Artist
The ghost town of Providence was once a booming city with warehouses, shops, and the canal. Colorful characters such as these would have been seen throughout canal towns and villages. Thanks to illustrator Bill Kuhlman we have a peek at . . . Map (db m173218) HM
47 Ohio, Trumbull County, Warren — 1-78 — Perkins House
This ornate Victorian/Italianate house was constructed in 1871 as the home of Henry Bishop Perkins, Sr., a civic, business, and political leader of the Western Reserve. During the 19th and early 20th century political figures such as U.S. Grant, . . . Map (db m65450) HM
48 Pennsylvania, Dauphin County, Harrisburg — J. Donald Cameron Mansion
During the midst of the Civil War fury in 1863 would rise this magnificent residence, situated directly across this street, which was purchased in 1870 by J. Donald Cameron (1833-1918), son of Simon Cameron. The elder Cameron had served as President . . . Map (db m6297) HM
49 Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Philadelphia, West Philadelphia — 30 — James A. Garfield Monument1895 — Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907)
Following the 1881 assassination of President James A. Garfield, the Fairmount Park Art Association commissioned a memorial in his honor. Prominent artist Augustus Saint-Gaudens was chosen to create the work, located across the street, to your . . . Map (db m192649) HM
50 Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — The Tremont Houses
The present Tremont House is the third Galveston hotel to bear the name. The island's first Tremont House was built by the firm of McKinney and Williams in 1839 on the southwest corner of Postoffice and Tremont Streets. An impressive two-story . . . Map (db m117389) HM
51 Vermont, Franklin County, Fairfield — Chester A. ArthurBirthplace of 21st President
Although the exact location is debated, Chester A. Arthur was born on Oct. 5, 1829 in Fairfield. He became a New York lawyer and politician and was elected Vice-President in 1880. Upon the assasination of James Garfield, Arthur became president on . . . Map (db m36935) HM
52 Vermont, Franklin County, Fairfield, East Fairfield — Chester A. Arthur21st President of the United States
Research indicates Chester Alan Arthur was born in Fairfield, Vermont, on October 5, 1829. When he was less than a year old his parents moved to a new parsonage built at this site. After graduating Phi Beta Kappa from Union College, he became a . . . Map (db m36936) HM
53 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe
Explore Fort Monroe 400+ Years of History For over 400 years the point of land known as Old Point Comfort, which now includes Fort Monroe has served as a strategic site at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. From its use by Virginia . . . Map (db m166579) HM
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Jun. 6, 2023