“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Former U.S. Presidents: #23 Benjamin Harrison Historical Markers

United States Commanders in Chief Markers image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr.
United States Commanders in Chief Markers
1 Arkansas, Benton County, Bella Vista — United States Commanders in Chief
[Written on the initial marker, provided for context] Our Constitution names the President of the United States the Commander in Chief of all the Armed Forces. Presidents who have served in our military are displayed on the following . . . Map (db m92400) HM WM
2 California, Los Angeles County, La Cañada Flintridge, Angeles National Forest — 717 — The Angeles National Forest
This was the first National Forest in the State of California, second in the United States. Created by proclamation, December 20, 1892, by President Benjamin Harrison. The first name given to the forest was "San Gabriel Timberland Reserve." It was . . . Map (db m143501) HM
3 California, Nevada County, Grass Valley — Holbrooke HotelFounded 1851
California’s oldest hotel in continuous operation. Among its century-old archives are names of such notables as Presidents Grant, Harrison, Cleveland; Authors Mark Twain, Bret Harte; Boxers Corbett, Fitzsimmons, actor Gilbert Barry and highwayman . . . Map (db m48213) HM
4 Colorado, Rio Blanco County, Meeker — Forest Foresight
Welcome to the second oldest national forest in the United States. President Benjamin Harrison set aside the White River Timber Land Reserve in 1891, in a bold step towards protecting forests on the American frontier. Wide open and wild, . . . Map (db m163892) HM
5 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Swampoodle — U.S. Reservation 196L'Enfant Plan for the Federal City — National Mall & Memorial Parks, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"No nation perhaps had ever before the opportunity offer'd them of deliberately deciding on the spot where their Capital city should be fixed..." - Peter C. L'Enfant to George Washington, September 11, 1789 A new nation . . . Map (db m60127) HM
6 Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, Buckhead — 25 — Battle of Peach Tree CreekLoring's Attack — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
At 4:30 p.m. on July 20, 1864, 2,700 Confederate soldiers in two brigades of Major General William W Loring's division attacked the Federal '20th Corps, aligned north of Collier Road. "The enemy was in plain view about 700 yards distant occupying . . . Map (db m142521) HM
7 Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, Buckhead — 060-40A — Harrison’s Brigade
The 5 regts. of Col. Benjamin Harrison’s brigade of Ward’s div. (20th A.C.) [US] were N. of this ridge when the Confederate attack in this sector was made. The brigade was moved forward in support of Geary’s line & deployed astride Tanyard Branch . . . Map (db m16498) HM
8 Georgia, Walker County, Chickamauga — 4 — Crawfish SpringA "Magnificent" Respite from Carnage
Crawfish Spring was the first name given to the modern community Chickamauga, Georgia. Cherokees lived in this area before their forced removal in 1838, with their Chickamauga District courthouse located near the spring. In the 1840s an early white . . . Map (db m12314) HM
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9 Idaho, Ada County, Boise — Grove Street Warehouse608/610/612 Grove Street
Imagine leafy Lombary poplars, dazzling rose bushes, lush gardens, circular walks, stately homes, and huge churning waterwheels along a wide avenue, and you'll get a picture of early days on Grove Street. The profusion of leaves and petals was . . . Map (db m119189) HM
10 Illinois, Macon County, Decatur — Lincoln's LegacyLooking for Lincoln
During his presidency, Abraham Lincoln had promised to care for the men in the armed services-and for their widows and orphans. Lincoln was unable, however, to keep that promise. In response, the Grand Army of the Republic or G.A.R. . . . Map (db m56908) HM
11 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Butler-Tarkington — 49.1976.2 — Crown Hill
Crown Hill Cemetery, founded in 1863, is the fourth largest cemetery in America. The history of Indiana and the United States is reflected in its monuments. President Benjamin Harrison, Vice-Presidents Charles Fairbanks, Thomas Hendricks, and Thomas . . . Map (db m81439) HM
12 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Crown Hill — Benjamin HarrisonAugust 20, 1833 March 13, 1901
Lawyer and Publicist. Col. 70th Reg. Ind. Vol. War 1861-1866. Brevetted Brigadier General 1866. U.S. Senator, 1881-1887. President 1889-1893. Statesman, yet friend to truth, of soul sincere, action faithful and in honor clear.Map (db m93165) WM
13 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Near Northside — 49.1963.1 — Brig. General Benjamin Harrison1833-1901
Entered the Union Army as 2nd Lt. of the 70th Indiana Regiment. He insisted on turning raw recruits into disciplined soldiers. He later was United States Senator from Indiana and the twenty-third President of the United States.Map (db m565) HM
14 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Near Northside — Home of Benjamin Harrison
Home of Benjamin Harrison 23rd President of the United States Born August 20, 1833 Died March 13, 1901 Indiana's Own Citizen In command of the 70th . . . Map (db m132870) HM
15 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Near Northside — 434 — The Home of Caroline Scott HarrisonNational Historic Landmark — American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site —
. . . Map (db m241928) HM
16 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Wholesale District — President Benjamin Harrison
The grandson of President William Henry Harrison, Benjamin Harrison was born Aug. 20, 1833, in North Bend, Ohio. The 23rd President of the United States graduated Miami University (Ohio) before opening a law office in Indianapolis in 1854. . . . Map (db m132831) HM
17 Kansas, Shawnee County, Topeka — Corridor of Flags
Delaware, 1st State December 7, 1787 1609 • Henry Hudson visited Delaware Bay 1638 • Swedish colonists established Fort Christina, Delaware's first permanent settlement, and founded the colony of New Sweden 1655 • Dutch captured New . . . Map (db m47214) HM
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18 Kentucky, Allen County, Scottsville — Union Regiments at Scottsville
Seven regiments of infantry and one artillery battery encamped at Scottsville in November 1862. These regiments made up the 12th Division of the Army of the Cumberland under the command of General Ebenezer Dumont. Among the soldiers at . . . Map (db m152747) HM
19 Kentucky, Harrison County, Cynthiana — 1171 — County Named, 1793Harrison County
For Colonel Benjamin Harrison, who came to area, 1776. Served as Col. in Revolution from Penn. He was a member, 1787 and 1788 Kentucky Conventions, 1792 Constitutional Convention at Danville. Elected to Kentucky Legislature in 1793. County formed . . . Map (db m67683) HM
20 Kentucky, Logan County, Russellville — 2471 — A Civil War Skirmish / A Future President
A Civil War Skirmish On September 30, 1862, 600 Union troops led by Colonel Benjamin Harrison came here and surprised an element of Confederate Colonel John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry, led by Captain John Baker Dortch. After a sharp skirmish, in . . . Map (db m123399) HM
21 Kentucky, Warren County, Bowling Green — Fort Albert Sidney Johnston
General Simon Bolivar Buckner occupied Bowling Green September 18, 1861. General Albert Sidney Johnston, Commander Confederate Army of the West, move headquarters to Bowling Green October 28, 1861. He began the erection of this fort. . . . Map (db m138737) HM
22 Kentucky, Warren County, Bowling Green — Fort C. F. Smith
Construction of this strong defensive work began in 1862 during the Confederate occupation of Bowling Green. After the Confederates abandoned the city the Union Army completed the fortification, named Fort C. F. Smith in honor of General . . . Map (db m39672) HM
23 Maryland, Garrett County, Oakland — Garrett Memorial Church(St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church)
Directly behind you, John W. Garrett built Garrett Memorial Church in 1869 as a memorial to his brother Henry S. Garrett who died in 1867. The site was originally chosen by his brother for a church, but he died before steps could be taken to build . . . Map (db m467) HM
24 Maryland, Montgomery County, Takoma Park — Early TakomaLaurel and Carroll Avenues
In 1888 B. F. Gilbert, the founder of Takoma Park, built a log cabin to celebrate the presidential campaign of Benjamin Harrison. The cabin stood on the east side of Laurel at Carroll Avenue until it burned to the ground on Halloween in 1915. It . . . Map (db m64507) HM
25 Michigan, Calhoun County, Marshall — 888 — James A. Miner
James A. Miner, born in Marshall in 1842, began studying law in Clinton, Iowa, in 1860. Completing his studies in Marshall, he was admitted to the Calhoun County bar in 1863. There he was circuit court commissioner (1866-1870) and prosecuting . . . Map (db m28393) HM
26 Mississippi, Sunflower County, Indianola — Wayne and Minnie Cox Park
On this site was the home of Wayne and Minnie Cox. In 1888, Wayne Cox was elected alderman, the first African American to hold that post in Indianola. Appointed by President Benjamin Harrison in 1891, Minnie Cox is the nation's first known African . . . Map (db m77322) HM
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27 New Jersey, Bergen County, Ridgewood — 45 — Historic Glen Avenue
This colonial road, traditionally an Indian Trail, was a key route to Peremus Church during the American Revolution. Former names of this road mark eras in America’s history – Franklin Turnpike, for the Tory governor Wm. Franklin; Harrison . . . Map (db m18688) HM
28 New Jersey, Monmouth County, Long Branch — Church of the PresidentsSt. James Episcopal Church
Built in 1879. Named for the seven U.S. Presidents who attended services here: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, and Woodrow Wilson. Deconsecrated in 1953, . . . Map (db m14049) HM
29 New York, Monroe County, Rochester, Charlotte — Underground Railroad
The upriver ports of Carthage and Kelsey's Landing were stopping places for boats bound for Canada. Escaped slaves arrived in Rochester via the "Underground Railroad" and looked for a friendly captain to take them across the lake and deliver them . . . Map (db m90608) HM
30 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Battery Park City — Frederick Douglass
As one of the most famous and respected black abolitionist leaders of the 19th century, Frederick Douglass inspired many people through his courage and determination. Frederick Bailey was born a slave in February 1818 on Holmes Hill Farm in . . . Map (db m168927) HM
31 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Morningside Heights — General Grant MemorialGeneral Grant National Memorial, New York — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
General Grant Memorial, popularly known as “Grant’s Tomb,” is the largest mausoleum in America. Its monumental size reflects the public admiration for Ulysses S. Grant --- Union general during the Civil War, and 18th President of the . . . Map (db m109862) HM
32 New York, Wayne County, Palmyra — Palmyra in History
1822 The Erie Canal was completed to Palmyra 1827 The Village of Palmyra was incorporated 1830 The Book of Mormon was printed in the Grandin Building. 1849 Palmyra held the first fair in New York State. It later became the . . . Map (db m61351) HM
33 Ohio, Butler County, Oxford — 32-9 — Oxford Female Institute / Caroline Scott Harrison 1832-1892
Oxford Female Institute Chartered in 1849, the Institute was the first of three women's colleges established in Oxford. The original brick building was completed in 1850, and forms the core structure. The Reverend John Witherspoon Scott, a . . . Map (db m107675) HM
34 Ohio, Columbiana County, Wellsville — Wellsville Mural
[Mural is on both sides of brick walls on the northern end of town that lie on both sides of the street:] Wellsville Revitalization Committee Picnic "Riverside" Presbyterian Church, USA 525 Riverside Ave. Founded April 5, 1831 . . . Map (db m156060) HM WM
35 Ohio, Hamilton County, North Bend — 47-31 — Benjamin Harrison / William Henry Harrison
Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) was born here on a farm established by his grandfather, William Henry Harrison. A graduate of Miami University in Oxford, Harrison read law in Cincinnati and then moved to Indianapolis to practice. He became active . . . Map (db m82635) HM
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36 Ohio, Hamilton County, North Bend — Congress Green Cemetery / The Miami PurchaseWilliam Henry Harrison Memorial Trail
Congress Green Cemetery John Cleves Symmes had grand ambitions. He planned to build a large city here, making it the hub of the Northwest Territory. This very spot would be the middle of a bustling town square. Things worked . . . Map (db m167342) HM
37 Ohio, Hamilton County, North Bend — Life At North Bend / President HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison Memorial Trail
Life at North Bend As the War of 1812 concluded, William Henry Harrison resigned his post, content to make public appearances and live a settled life with his family here in North Bend. Though his presidential campaign would . . . Map (db m167277) HM
38 Ohio, Hamilton County, North Bend — North BendCorporation Limit Marker
Home of William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States. Birthplace of Benjamin Harrison, 23rd PresidentMap (db m159664) HM
39 Ohio, Hamilton County, North Bend — North Bend
Home of William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States. Birthplace of Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President.Map (db m201210) HM
40 Ohio, Hamilton County, North Bend — Point Farm
Point Farm given by William Henry Harrison February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841 ninth president of the United States of America to his son, John Scott Harrison, Congressman who reared his son Benjamin Harrison August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901 . . . Map (db m241855) HM
41 Ohio, Trumbull County, Warren — 1-78 — Perkins House
This ornate Victorian/Italianate house was constructed in 1871 as the home of Henry Bishop Perkins, Sr., a civic, business, and political leader of the Western Reserve. During the 19th and early 20th century political figures such as U.S. Grant, . . . Map (db m65450) HM
42 Oklahoma, Cleveland County, Norman — The Beginning of Cleveland County
Although the Norman townsite was settled during the Land Run on April 22, 1889, Cleveland County did not exist for another year, and almost wasn't named Cleveland County. In fact, if not for the efforts of Norman's early citizens and civic leaders, . . . Map (db m121630) HM
43 Oklahoma, Logan County, Guthrie — Office of E.P. McCabe
Oklahoma--an all black state with a black governor--was the dream of E. P. McCabe, lawyer, farmer, and Republican activist. McCabe vigorously promoted black settlement and assumed role as spokesman for black people in Washington with President . . . Map (db m141703) HM
44 Oklahoma, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma City, Central Oklahoma City — 2 — Indians, Railroads, Ranchers & the MilitaryThe '89er Trail — Oklahoma City April 20, 1889 —
Two days before the Land Run in April, 1889, President Harrison set aside a Military Reservation of 160 acres east of the Santa Fe railroad depot, where soldiers were stationed to keep the peace. In 1886 the first railroads were built . . . Map (db m176269) HM
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45 Oklahoma, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma City, Central Oklahoma City — 17 — The Oklahoma Territory Organic ActWashington D.C. May 2, 1890 — The ‘89er Trail —
On May 2, 1890, Congress passed long awaited legislation establishing federally sanctioned territorial government for Oklahoma. The Organic Act defined Oklahoma Territory boundaries to include the lands west of Indian Territory and the . . . Map (db m142037) HM
46 Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — The Archibald Irwin House Reported permanently removed
On September 26, 2003, this property was nearly destroyed by fire. Located in the northwest corner in a two-story log house built in 1791-1792 by Archibald Irwin. Irwin's granddaughter Jane married William Henry Harrison, Jr., and served as First . . . Map (db m8039) HM
47 Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — The Irwin House
On September 26, 2003, this corner property was destroyed by fire exposing this log house built in 1791-1792 by Archibald Irwin. Irwin's granddaughter Jane married William Henry Harrison, Jr., and served as First Lady when her father-in-law, William . . . Map (db m202809) HM
48 Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg, Montgomery Township — To Irwinton Mills
In the limestone mansion house still standing, lived Archibald Irwin and Jean McDowell, his wife. To them were born two daughters. Jane, the elder, became the wife of William Henry Harrison, Jr., and was mistress of the White House during the brief . . . Map (db m58686) HM
49 Pennsylvania, Wayne County, White Mills — Dorflinger: America's Finest Glass......Cut Crystal for Use in America's Finest Homes. — The White Mills Community Trail —
How Glass Is Cut Once a glass "blank" was blown and annealed to room temperature, it went to the cutting department where skilled workers used cast iron and stone wheels to cut the desired pattern or design. Wooden and felt wheels and . . . Map (db m104085) HM
50 Rhode Island, Newport County, Newport — Mary Ferrazzoli Park
Mary Ferrazzoli (1928-1994) was the visionary leader who founded the Friends of the Waterfront in 1982. She vigorously championed public access and stood firmly opposed to the commercial overdevelopment of the Newport waterfront blocking public . . . Map (db m189622) HM
51 Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 12625 — Norris Wright Cuney(1846-1898)
Born a slave on the Waller County plantation of his father, Philip Cuney, Norris Wright Cuney was sent to Wyle Street School in Pennsylvania for an early education. At the age of seventeen he moved to St. Louis and found employment on Mississippi . . . Map (db m143813) HM
52 Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — The Tremont Houses
The present Tremont House is the third Galveston hotel to bear the name. The island's first Tremont House was built by the firm of McKinney and Williams in 1839 on the southwest corner of Postoffice and Tremont Streets. An impressive two-story . . . Map (db m117389) HM
53 Texas, Scurry County, Ira — 691 — Campsite of the Marcy Expedition
At a grove of mesquite and wild china trees by a creek near here, Capt. R. B. Marcy's expedition camped Oct. 7, 1849, while blazing the famous Marcy Trail. They saw nothing deadlier than quail and wild turkeys in the area, but the next day, tragedy . . . Map (db m111759) HM
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54 Vermont, Bennington County, Bennington, North Bennington — Park-McCullough House
Built as a summer cottage in 1865 for lawyer-entrepreneur-philanthropist Trenor Park and his wife Laura, the mansion was financed with a fortune amassed in California in the aftermath of the California Gold Rush. It was designed by the New York . . . Map (db m94423) HM
55 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Still Shining…After All These Years
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Assateague Island Lighthouse is a striking landmark that attracts many visitors. At the same time, it is an active aid to navigation, operated by the U.S. Coast Guard, that gives ships a . . . Map (db m98824) HM
56 Virginia, Charles City County, Charles City — Benjamin Harrison
In this graveyard is buried Col. Benjamin Harrison, V December 13, 1730 April 24, 1791 Singer of the Declaration of Independence Member of Virginia House of Burgesses Continental Congress Federal Constitutional Convention . . . Map (db m87114) HM
57 Virginia, Charles City County, Charles City — V-7 — Berkeley and Harrison's Landing
A short distance south. The place was first settled in 1619 but was abandoned. It was repatented in 1636. Benjamin Harrison, signer of the Declaration of Independence, lived here; his son, William Henry Harrison, President of the United States, was . . . Map (db m30225) HM
58 Virginia, Charles City County, Kimages — PA-250 — Benjamin Harrison
Benjamin Harrison (1726-1791) - Virginia planter, politician, and signer of the Declaration of Independence - was born at nearby Berkeley plantation. He first served in the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1752, though elected in 1749, and remained in . . . Map (db m86174) HM
59 Virginia, Loudoun County, Leesburg — The Carriage House
The trio of green buildings around the circular drives were constructed in the early 1900s by the Eustis family, the last private owners of Oatlands. William Corcoran Eustis enjoyed the close proximity to Virginia hunt country while Edith Eustis . . . Map (db m195183) HM
60 Virginia, Spotsylvania County, Spotsylvania Courthouse — Sergeant Benjamin Brown
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of honor to Sergeant Benjamin Brown, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 11 May 1889, while serving with Company C, 24th . . . Map (db m84597) HM
61 West Virginia, Monroe County, Red Sulphur Spring — Red Sulphur Springs
Site of a popular resort hotel, built in 1832. Water from the springs was reputed to have curative value. Hotel was used as a military hospital during Civil War. Last owner was Levi P. Morton, vice-president under Benjamin Harrison.Map (db m99130) HM
62 Wyoming, Johnson County, Buffalo — Fort McKinney
First known as Cantonment Reno, For McKinney was established in 1876 on the Powder River near present-day Jaycee. In 1877, the Fort was renamed for Lieutenant John McKinney, who died during the Dull Knife Battle in 1876. The Fort's presence . . . Map (db m91498) HM
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Apr. 24, 2024