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Black Hawk Historic Trail Markers image, Touch for more information
By Keith L, October 7, 2009
Black Hawk Historic Trail Markers
Wisconsin (Vernon County), De Soto — 8 CVP — Black Hawk WarBattle Bluff · Battle Hollow · Battle Island
Battle Bluff ↑ Elv 1139ft Battle Hollow → Severe fighting 1 mile east between Gen. Henry's 300 Ill. militia and 300 Sac Indians Aug. 2 1832. ← Battle Island Hard fighting opposite. 1200 white soldiers . . . — Map (db m24501) HM

Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — The Temperance Movement Battled Madison's BreweriesThe Madison Heritage Series
Owning a State Street beer establishment wasn’t easy in the early 1900s. As the temperance movement gathered momentum throughout the country, increasing numbers of Americans wanted alcohol consumption outlawed. Founded in 1863, Hausmann’s Capital . . . — Map (db m33967) HM

Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — The Battling Bastards of BataanNo Mama, No Papa, No Uncle Sam — Andersonville National Historic Site
“…The Bataan garrison was destroyed due to its dreadful handicaps, but no army in history more thoroughly accomplished its mission…” General of the Army Douglas MacArthur.

“This bronze is presented to the Andersonville National . . . — Map (db m93022) WM

South Carolina (Aiken County), North Augusta — War of 1812 Tribute
War of 1812 1812 — 1815 They bravely fought and willingly died for principles they knew to be right. — Map (db m30869) WM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Battling for the Rocky KnollSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Two - August 29, 1862
Stonewall Jackson's defensive line extended nearly two miles - from Sudley Church to the Brawner Farm. Many of his 24,000 troops were posted behind the cuts and fills of the unfinished railroad grade before you. The formidable position enabled . . . — Map (db m88517) HM

New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — Dueling CannonsBattling for Control of the Niagara
Strategic Importance When European explorers reached the Great Lakes, they realized that passage up the Niagara River would unlock routes to the west. Traveling by water from the lakes, they could reach the Ohio and Mississippi . . . — Map (db m67492) HM

Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Interpretive SitesBattle of Brice's Crossroads • June 10, 1864 Battle of Tupelo • July 13-15, 1864
Welcome to the Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center. After visiting our museum gallery, we hope that you will tour the Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo battlefields for yourself, with the help of our audio tour and roadside signage. . . . — Map (db m91147) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Lee Strikes BackMarch 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman to Battle of Jones Farm
By March 1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee had suffered through nearly nine months of fighting, had repulsed seven Union offensives, and had his men spread along a 37-mile-long front. Knowing that it was only a matter of time before his lines . . . — Map (db m85861) HM

Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — Before The Battle / Battle Of Girard
(obverse) Before The Battle All day that Easter Sunday the Confederate forces commanded by Col. Leon von Zinken awaited the Union Army they knew was on the way from Tuskegee. Lacking the men needed to hold it, they were forced to . . . — Map (db m69058) HM
Florida (Baker County), Olustee — Battle of Ocean Pond (or The Battle of Olustee)
Here was fought on February 20, 1864 the Battle of Ocean Pond under the immediate command of General Alfred Holt Colquitt "Hero of Olustee" This decisive engagement prevented a Sherman-like invasion of Georgia from the south. . . . — Map (db m54361) HM
Georgia (Burke County), Waynesboro — L25 — The J.D. Roberts HomeA Witness to the Battles for Waynesborough — March to the Sea Heritage Trail
Built about 1858 in the Georgian Cottage style as a home for J. D. Roberts, the house was designed by noted architect John Trowbridge. Subsequent occupants have included a doctor's office, millinery shop and county museum. In late 1864 the house . . . — Map (db m103299) HM
Georgia (Clayton County), Hampton — The Crawford-Dorsey House"In The Midst Of Battles"
Men such as Stephen Green Dorsey represented the peak of the planter class as it existed in this locality. His father moved into what became Clayton County and built a two story log cabin shortly after the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1821 opened the . . . — Map (db m70117) HM
Georgia (Coweta County), Newnan — The Battle of Brown's Mill: Detour to BattleBrown's Mill Battlefield
Anxious to avoid a fight, McCook left the 8th Indiana to contend with the Confederates at the depot while the rest of his command detoured south on the East Newnan Road. Upon reaching Land Lot 38, near Turkey Creek, the column veered to the . . . — Map (db m94662) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Saint Leonard — St. Leonard CreekScene of naval battles during War of 1812
In June, 1814, Maryland's Commodore Joshua Barney commanded American flotilla of barges, gunboats and a sloop in attacks on superior British forces in Patuxent River and its tributary, St. Leonard Creek. After flotilla moved up Patuxent and was . . . — Map (db m3463) HM
Missouri (Clay County), Liberty — Civil War Memorial
Jewell Hall was used as a hospital and barracks and this hill was fortified by Federal troops under Col. John Scott after their defeat at the Battle of Blue Mills Ferry, Sept. 17, 1861. A line of rifle pits was thrown up from the present location of . . . — Map (db m45555) HM
Missouri (Clay County), Liberty — Mass Grave Site
The undulations in the ground behind this plaque mark the site of the mass burial of 17 men killed at the Battle of Liberty on September 17, 1861. These Federal soldiers came to Liberty to prevent Confederates from joining General Price at the seige . . . — Map (db m45569) HM
New Jersey (Hunterdon County), New Hampton — General Daniel MorganHero of the Battles of Saratoga and Cowpens
Daniel Morgan was born in New Hampton, Hunterdon County in 1736. Like other residents on the New Jersey frontier, Morgan's father worked for the Union Iron Furnace. Uneducated, Morgan left home in 1751 and worked as a wagoner in Pittstown, NJ. He . . . — Map (db m68830) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 5 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 (Adjacent Marker, below original on obelisk): In Memory of all the deceased members of Hamilton Township Post 3525 Veterans of Foreign Wars — Map (db m4253) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 3 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4251) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 8 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4260) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 6 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4256) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 7 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4258) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 4 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4252) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — 9 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4262) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — 11 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4264) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — 12 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4265) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — 10 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4263) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 1 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777. — Map (db m4057) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 2 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4074) HM
Virginia (Fauquier County), Auburn — CL-9 — Battle of Coffee Hill (Second Battle of Auburn)
During the early morning of 14 Oct. 1863, just northwest of here, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and two cavalry brigades, cut off from the Army of Northern Virginia by Federal infantry, attacked Union Brig. Gen. John C. Caldwell’s forces as they brewed . . . — Map (db m2437) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Beaver Dam Creek1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m37063) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Gaines' Mill1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m40249) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Malvern Hill1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m46911) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Chickahominy Bluff1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m34663) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — George T. Stovall
This marble marks the spot where fell George T. Stovall of the Rome Light Guards, 8th Regt. Georgia Volunteers in the battle of July 21, 1861. Born at Augusta, GA, April 25, 1835. His life he devoted to his God and sacrificed in his country's . . . — Map (db m1996) HM
Wyoming (Crook County), Sundance — The Custer TrailSite of Sacred Lands and Historic Battles
Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer's Black Hills Expedition crossed northeastern Wyoming from July 17-25, 1874, camping within three miles of this location. forged by 1000 men (cavalry, infantry, teamsters, scientists, miners, newspaper reporters, . . . — Map (db m45381) HM

Arkansas (Sharp County), Hardy — Battles of Martin Creek and Morgan's Mill
Near this place, on February 8, 1864, Union and Confederate forces engaged in a 12 mile running battle that ranged from the old Morgan's Mill on Spring River up and across Martin's Creek along the old Indian trail that ran from Memphis to . . . — Map (db m49108) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Dover — Battles and Engagements of the Delaware Regiment
Battles around New York City and Environs, 1776-1779 1. Long Island, August 27, 1776 2. Throg's Neck, October 12-18, 1776 3. Mamaroneck Raid, October 22, 1776 4. White Plains, October 28, 1776 5. Retreat across New Jersey, . . . — Map (db m39713) HM
Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — 011-5 — Battles of Dunlap Farm
On July 30, 1864, Gen. Stoneman with 2,500 cavalry crossed Walnut Creek & placed his cannon on a ridge on the Dunlap farm. He attacked Macon to capture the gold in the Confederate Depository; to destroy the Armory, Arsenal & Laboratories, the . . . — Map (db m98661) HM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 51-8 — The Battles for Atlanta
Between July and Sept. 1864, during the American Civil War, U.S. and Confederate armies struggled for control of Atlanta, the major manufacturing center and railroad hub of the Deep South. Four inconclusive battles occurred inside the present day . . . — Map (db m37176) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-33 — Battles of Tilton<-- 2.8 mi. --<<<
2.8 miles E. of here, on May 13, 1864, a delaying action was fought as Confederates moved south toward Resaca. On Oct.13, 1864, part of French’s Division of Stewart’s Corps, Confederates Army of Tennessee, attacked this place, then garrisoned by 300 . . . — Map (db m44623) HM
Kentucky (Floyd County), Prestonsburg — Eastern Kentucky's Civil War Battles and Skirmishes, 1861-1862
Skirmish at West Liberty, October 23 1861 - Col. L.A. Harris' 2nd Ohio Infantry regiment and a company of Union cavalry, part of Gen. William "Bull" Nelson's command, skirmish with Capt. Jack May's much smaller Morgan Guards, driving them . . . — Map (db m69143) HM
Kentucky (Floyd County), Prestonsburg — Eastern Kentucky's Civil War Battles and Skirmishes, 1863-1864
Marshall's Raid Through Eastern Kentucky, March-April 1863 - On March 15, 1863, Marshall comes through Pound Gap with 1,800 mounted men, including Col. Henry Giltner's 4th Kentucky, Col. Thomas Johnson's 2nd Kentucky, Col. Ezekiel F. . . . — Map (db m69145) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — Battles of the River Raisin
[Marker side facing south] Describing the American victory of January 18, 1813, Capt. John McCalla of the 5th Kentucky, wrote: "I have seen the enemy, and I have seen him defeated. I have seen my fellow soldiers extended lifeless bloody . . . — Map (db m20945) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — Site of Battles of Jan. 18 - 22
[Marker Front] Site of Battles of Jan. 18 - 22 Gen. Winchester in Command, and River Raisin Massacre Jan. 23, 1813 [Marker Reverse] 800 Americans under Cols. Allen, Lewis and Wells Fought desperately against . . . — Map (db m20041) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Two Battles of New Ulm
The first news of the Sioux Uprising was brought to New Ulm at noon on August 18, 1862, by survivors of a Civil War recruiting party that had been ambushed in Milford Township. Barricades were hastily erected in a three-block area on Minnesota . . . — Map (db m65402) HM
Missouri (Newton County), Newtonia — The Battles of Newtonia Commemoration
In commemoration of the battles fought at Newtonia in the Civil War. The first on September 30, 1862 between the Union forces under Colonel Fredrick Salomon and Confederate forces under General Jo Shelby. The second on October 28, 1864. This . . . — Map (db m78170) HM WM
Missouri (Vernon County), Deerfield — Battles in the Marmaton ValleyA State Divided: The Civil War in Missouri
Action at Dry Wood Creek, Sept. 2, 1861 Following the Southern victory at Wilson's Creek near Springfield (Aug. 10, 1861), Maj. Gen. Sterling Price led the pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard, which numbered about 10,000 men, north to . . . — Map (db m39842) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Battles of Trenton, Turning Point of the Revolution
By December of 1776, the Continental Army had withdrawn in disarray from New York, across Central New Jersey and the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. The British were in complacent pursuit, confident that it was only a matter of weeks or months . . . — Map (db m4274) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Glorieta — Colorado Volunteers at the Battles of Glorieta PassMarch 26-28, 1862
On this site and several miles to the west along the Santa Fe Trail, Colorado Volunteers and Regular U.S. Troops fought a Confederate force from Texas in the Battle of Glorieta Pass. Although no clear victory emerged after two days of fierce and . . . — Map (db m55177) HM
New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Colonial Battles Fought in this VicinityA.D. 1900
The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New York erected this tablet to commemorate the colonial battles fought in this vicinity. Champlain with Hurons and Algonquins defeated the Iroquois July 30, 1609 near the shore. Montcalm defeated . . . — Map (db m9560) HM
New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — 225th Anniversary Battles of Saratoga1777 – 2002
Turning point in the struggle for an independent United States of America Saratoga Battle Chapter Sons of the American Revolution 4 July 2002 Originally placed in honor of our Nation’s Bicentennial — Map (db m9171) HM
New York (Suffolk County), Northville — Battles of Pennys and Luce Landing1814 - 1926
At Penny's Landing Farmers and Militia prevented the capture of Sloop Nancy by British Man of War Sylph. At Luce's Landing Revenue Cutter Nathan Hale was captured by British Frigate after a valiant defense for three days by its crew and the . . . — Map (db m20012) HM
New York (Warren County), Glens Falls — The Battles of Saratoga - 1777Historic New York
          One of the most decisive battles in world history ended with the surrender near here of the British army invading from Canada under General “Gentleman Johnny” Burgoyne in 1777. The defeat ended a summer-long campaign by over . . . — Map (db m56850) HM
Tennessee (Greene County), Mosheim — Battles of Blue SpringsFighting on the Same Ground Twice
On the morning of October 10, 1863, Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s campaign suddenly arrived at Blue Springs (present-day Mosheim) when Union cavalry attacked Confederate General John S. Williams’s troops. By noon, the Confederate lines were . . . — Map (db m69566) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Lookout Mountain — The Battles for Chattanooga1863
A series of battles in 1863 secured Chattanooga for the Union The city of Chattanooga with its railroads and riverboats was a vital transportation center during the Civil War. Both armies recognized its importance. In the . . . — Map (db m58463) HM
Texas (Garza County), Post — 602 — C. W. Post Rain Battles
  Site of 1911-1914 dynamiting to produce rain, carried on by C. W. Post, Texas farm colonizer and cereal foods millionaire.   After reading that rain often accompanies cannonading in war, Post planned "battles" to relieve droughts. He . . . — Map (db m88799) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Kernstown Battles
Around this site and a mile to the west occurred two major battles of the Civil War. First Kernstown March 23, 1862 Stonewall Jackson attacked what appeared to be a withdrawing federal force led by federal Br. Gen. Shields. Desperate fighting . . . — Map (db m2632) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — E 44 — Battles of Fredericksburg
During the First and Second Battles of Fredericksburg, the Confederates occupied Marye’s Heights, a defensive position enhanced by a sunken road and stone wall on the eastern slope. On 13 Dec. 1862, during the first battle, Lt. Gen. James . . . — Map (db m1672) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 8 — Seven Days BattlesPorter’s Withdrawal
Along this road Fitz-John Porter withdrew from Beaver Dam Creek in the early morning of June 27, 1862. McClellan, having learned that Stonewall Jackson was approaching Porter’s rear, late at night ordered the withdrawal to another position. This was . . . — Map (db m14994) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 80 — Seven Days BattlesGaines’s Mill
On this hill, facing north, Sykes’s division was posted in the afternoon of June 27, 1862, holding the eastern end of the Union line. Here Jackson attacked, while to the west A. P. Hill and Longstreet renewed their assaults. When the Union line was . . . — Map (db m15225) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 60 — Seven Days BattlesGaines's Mill
Stonewall Jackson reached this point in the afternoon of June 27, 1862, after a circuit of Gaines's Mill. When he learned that A. P. Hill and Longstreet to the west were hard pressed, he moved south to join in the attack. — Map (db m15464) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 16 — Seven Days BattlesGaines’s Mill
This is the site of Gaines’s Mill, which gave its name to the Battle of June 27, 1862. Here A. P. Hill’s advance guard, following Porter, came in contact with the Union rearguard. After a short action the Unionists withdrew to a position on . . . — Map (db m14996) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 10 — Seven Days BattlesGaines’s Mill
Here Lee and Stonewall Jackson conferred in the morning of June 27, 1862. Jackson’s troops halted here until A. P. Hill arrived from Beaver Dam Creek. Hill then moved southward by Gaines’s Mill and Longstreet turned to the east. All three columns . . . — Map (db m15053) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 4 — Seven Days BattlesMechanicsville
Down this slope in the late afternoon of June 26, 1862, A. P. Hill moved to attack the Unionists holding the east side of Beaver Dam Creek. Pender’s Brigade was on the left, Ripley’s on the right. Exposed to a terrible fire from entrenched troops, . . . — Map (db m14985) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 2 — Seven Days BattlesMechanicsville
Mechanicsville was held by Union outposts when, in the early afternoon of June 26, 1862, A. P. Hill reached it coming from the north. The Unionists were quickly driven back to their position on Beaver Dam Creek. Then D. H. Hill, followed by . . . — Map (db m15211) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 25 — Seven Days BattlesGaines’s Mill
Along the slopes of Boatswain Creek, facing north and west, extended Porter’s position in the afternoon of June 27, 1862. The line was held by Sykes’s division facing north, and Morell’s facing west. Later McCall was thrown in to assist Morell. At . . . — Map (db m15008) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 70 — Seven Days BattlesGaines's Mill
The hill to the south, part of the Union line, was assailed by Stonewall Jackson (with D. H. Hill) in the late afternoon of June 27, 1862, after A. P. Hill's and Longstreet's first assaults on the west had failed. Jackson's men carried the Union . . . — Map (db m16169) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 12 — Seven Days' BattlesNew Bridge
Leading up to and during the Seven Days' Battles from 25 June to 1 July 1862, bridges and roads played an important role in the movement of the Union and Confederate armies. New Bridge on the Chickahominy River was 1.5 miles south of here, and was . . . — Map (db m15675) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 9 — Seven Days' BattlesJackson's March to the Battlefields
Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and his troops passed through this intersection on 27 June 1862, having arrived from the Shenandoah Valley. Jackson's troops united with Gen. Robert E. Lee's forces just south of here at Walnut Grove . . . — Map (db m96723) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 20 — Seven Days’ BattlesGaines’s Mill
Half a mile south is Boatswain Creek. The battle that was begun at Gaines’s Mill by A. P. Hill, following Porter’s rear guard, culminated at the Union position on Boatswain Creek. There A. P. Hill and Longstreet, moving eastward, and Jackson coming . . . — Map (db m14998) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — O 6 — Seven Days’ BattlesBattle of Beaver Dam Creek
The Civil War battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville) began on the afternoon of 26 June 1862. Confederate Maj. Gen. Ambrose P. Hill’s division crossed the Chickahominy upstream at Meadow Bridges and encountered Union skirmishers. The Federals . . . — Map (db m14988) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — E 11 — The Chickahominy River & Seven Days' Battles
During the Civil War's Seven Days' Battles from 25 June to 1 July 1862, many engagements occurred along and near the Chickahominy River. Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan led the Army of the Potomac. His goal was to capture the Confederate capital . . . — Map (db m15212) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 180 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Here Lee met Longstreet and Jackson in the morning of July 1, 1862. D. H. Hill reported the strength of the Union position on Malvern Hill; but Lee, having cause to believe the Unionists were weakening, prepared to attack. Jackson and D. H. Hill . . . — Map (db m15076) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 220 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Here from east to west, Berdan’s sharpshooters of Morell’s division were strung out in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. Their rapid and accurate fire harassed the Confederates as they emerged from the woods and charged up the hill. — Map (db m14931) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 235 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Across the road here stretched the Union line of battle in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. Couch’s, Kearney’s and Hooker’s divisions were to the east of the road, Morell to the west, with Sykes in reserve. The Confederates made several attacks and, . . . — Map (db m14911) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 195 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Across the road here stretched the Confederate line of battle, facing south, in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. Jackson commanded here, Magruder to the west. Longstreet and A. P. Hill were in reserve the battle lasted intermittently. From morning to . . . — Map (db m14920) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 190 — Seven Days BattlesGlendale (Frayser’s Farm)
This was the extreme left of the Union line at Glendale, and was held by Hooker’s Division. When McCall (just to the north) was broken, Hooker, supported by Burns’s brigade, drove the Confederates back. In the night the Union army marched southward. — Map (db m15077) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 230 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Across the hill here from east to west the Union artillery was in position in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. The Union batteries overpowered the few cannon the Confederates were able to bring up. When the Southern infantry charged from the woods, . . . — Map (db m14909) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA 175 — Seven Days’ BattlesGlendale (Frayser’s Farm)
Willis Church Road runs from here to Malvern Hill. A large part of Union Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac followed this road south toward the James River, four miles ahead, near the end of the Seven Days’ Battles in 1862. On 30 June, . . . — Map (db m15061) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Highland Springs — PA 105 — Seven Days BattlesGrape Vine Bridge
Here Sumner crossed the river to reinforce the part of McClellan's army fighting at Fair Oaks, May 31, 1862. Here a part of Porter's force crossed in the night of June 27, 1862 after the battle of Gaines's Mill. Here Stonewall Jackson, rebuilding . . . — Map (db m15655) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Highland Springs — PA 125 — Seven Days BattlesGolding's Farm
Half a mile northwest occurred the action of Golding's Farm at dusk on June 27, 1862, as the battle of Gaines's Mill, on the other side of the river, was ending. The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked Hancock's brigade holding the . . . — Map (db m15657) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — PA 163 — Seven Days BattlesGlendale (Frayser's Farm)
Here stood the center of Longstreet's line of battle in the afternoon of June 30, 1862. The Confederates, coming from the west, attacked the Union line just beyond. The battle lasted all afternoon, with varying fortunes and much hand-to-hand . . . — Map (db m16180) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Seven Days' Battles Begin
By the final week of June 1862, the Union army lay sprawled east of Richmond, on both sides of the flooded Chickahominy River. General George B. McClellan planned to move that army within artillery range of Richmond; Confederate leader Robert E. Lee . . . — Map (db m34665) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA 140 — Seven Days BattlesAllen's Farm
On 26 June 1862, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan abandoned his plan to besiege Richmond and began his retreat to the James River. Gen. Robert E. Lee pursued, determined to destroy the Army of the Potomac. Just north of here at Allen's Farm, at 9:00 . . . — Map (db m15682) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA 152 — Seven Days BattlesWhite Oak Swamp
Here the greater part of McClellan’s army and wagon trains crossed the swamp, June 28-30, 1862. Jackson, pursuing, arrived about noon on June 30, to find the bridge destroyed and the Unionists holding the south side. Failing to force a passage that . . . — Map (db m3721) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA 144 — Seven Days BattlesSavage's Station
Here, facing west, stretched the Union line in the afternoon of June 29, 1862. Brook's brigade was south of the road with Gorman's and Burn's brigades to the north. In a furious conflict Burn's line was broken but was restored by Sumner in person. . . . — Map (db m15660) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA 148 — Seven Days BattlesWhite Oak Swamp
On a hill just to the west Stonewall Jackson placed his artillery about midday on June 30, 1862. An artillery duel then began with Franklin, guarding the south side of White Oak Swamp, that lasted until dark. — Map (db m3722) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA 155 — Seven Days BattlesWhite Oak Swamp
Here Franklin, aided by Richardson, held the passage of White Oak Swamp against Jackson while the Battle of Glendale raged near by, June 30, 1862. A fierce duel went on all afternoon between the Union batteries here and Jackson’s guns on the north . . . — Map (db m3723) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA 142 — Seven Days Battles - Savage’s Station
Here Magruder’s line of Battle, facing east, formed in the late afternoon of June 29, 1862. Barksdale’s, Semmes’s and Kershaw’s Brigades, extending from south of this road to the railroad, made a desperate effort to prevent the Union withdrawal. . . . — Map (db m3686) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B 22 — Cavalry Battles
In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through gaps in the nearby Blue Ridge Mountains and into the Shenandoah Valley to invade the North. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry corps screened the army from Federal . . . — Map (db m1454) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Between Battles
As the spring of 1863 brought green to the countryside and fish up the river, the legions of civil strife faced each other cheerfully across the Rappahannock. After the slaughter of Fredericksburg, the embattled brothers held off death for the time. . . . — Map (db m4726) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battles of Falling Waters“A splendid falls”
During the Civil War, the strategically important Valley Turnpike crossed the stream just above the small waterfall here. Two battles were fought nearby. The first occurred on July 2, 1861, half a mile south on the Porterfield Farm. On the morning . . . — Map (db m58083) HM
West Virginia (Fayette County), Gauley Bridge — Battles For The BridgesGauley Bridge - A Town in Between
When the war began, most residents of this part of present-day West Virginia were Confederate in their sympathies. Both Confederate and Union forces considered the wooden covered bridge here strategically important because the James River and . . . — Map (db m34373) HM

Belgium, East Flanders, Oudenaarde — Oudenaarde American Monument37th and 91st U.S. Divisions Regional Activities
This monument is dedicated to the memory of the 40,000 troops of the 37th and 91st Divisions together with the 53rd Artillery Brigade of the American Expeditionary Forces, who fought in this region between 30 October and 11 November of 1918. It was . . . — Map (db m87345) HM WM
Belgium, West Flanders, Vierstraat — Kemmel American Monument27th and 30th U.S. Divisions in the Ypers-Lys Offensive
This monument commemorates the achievements of the 27th and 30th Divisions which fought in the Ypres-Lys offensive with the British Army from 18 August to 4 September 1918. It was designed by the architect George Howe of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, . . . — Map (db m87339) HM WM
France, Champagne-Ardenne (Marne Département), Sommepy-Tahure — Sommepy American MonumentThe Blanc Mont Offensive
In early June 1918 the 42D American Division entered the battle lines with the 13th and 170th French Divisions near Souain. There it gallantly assisted in repelling the last German major offensive of the War. When the Allies began their great . . . — Map (db m87323) HM WM
France, Lorraine (Meuse Département), Montfaucon-d'Argonne — Montfaucon American MonumentThe Meuse-Argonne Offensive
(Panel #1) The Montfaucon Monument commemorates the Meuse-Argonne offensive. During 47 days of fighting between September 26 and November 11, 1918, the American First Army forced a general retreat on this front. The crest of this hill . . . — Map (db m87055) HM WM
France, Lorraine (Meuse Département), Montsec — Montsec American MonumentThe St. Mihiel Salient
(Main Panel:) This Monument has been erected by the United States of America to commemorate the capture of the St. Mihiel Salient by the troops of her First Army and to record the services of the American Expeditionary Forces on the battle . . . — Map (db m87043) HM WM
France, Meuse, Romagne-sous-Montfaucon — Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery
Dedicated to the memory of those who died for their country. — Map (db m92172) WM
France, Picardie (Aisne Département), Château-Thierry — American Aisne-Marne Memorial
Front Panel (English inscription): This Monument has been erected by the United States of America to commemorate the services of her troops and those of France who fought in this region during the World War. It stands as a lasting symbol of . . . — Map (db m86789) HM WM
France, Picardie (Somme Département), Cantigny — Cantigny American Monument
Erected by the United States of America to commemorate the first attack by an American Division in the World War (Reverse Side:) The First Division United States Army operating under the X French Corps . . . — Map (db m85933) HM WM
Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Luxembourg City — Military Operations in Western Europe6 June 1944—8 May 1945
On 6 June 1944, preceded by airborne units and covered by naval and air bombardment, United States and British Commonwealth forces landed on the coast of Normandy. Pushing southward they established a beachhead some 20 miles in depth. On 25 July, in . . . — Map (db m92185) WM
Philippines, Metro Manila, Taguig — Manila American Cemetery and Memorial — The American Battle Monuments Commission
Manila American Cemetery, the largest of 24 cemeteries built and administered by the American Battle Monuments Commission, both in area and number of graves. 16,636 military dead of the United States of America from World War II rest here, . . . — Map (db m73079) HM WM
United Kingdom, England, London — The Battle of Britain Memorial
Front: The Battle of Britain Back: Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few Winston Churchill — Map (db m85843) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — "Damn The Torpedoes!" The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864 - 1865
(preface) "Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87247) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C4 — "The Shells Were Bursting All Around Us"The Siege of Fort Morgan: — Stop C4
After the surrender of Fort Gaines, U.S. General Gordon Granger prepared to besiege Fort Morgan. On August 9, 1864, he moved by transport to Navy Cove and debarked 2,000 men and his siege equipment at the Pilot Town wharf. By 2:00 p.m. he had . . . — Map (db m87246) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop E — "Save Your Garrison."Bombardment of Fort Powell: — Stop E
The Confederates built Fort Powell on Tower Island, an oyster shell bank fifty feet north of Grant's Pass. The Pass provided an easy route from Mobile Bay to New Orleans through Mississippi Sound. C.S. Lieutenant Colonel James M. Williams, only . . . — Map (db m87239) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop D — "To Be Blown To Kingdom Come"Siege of Fort Gaines — Stop D
Once Farragut was in the Bay, capture of Fort Gaines and Powell would prevent his isolation there. So at 4:00 pm, August 3, 1864, 1,500 soldiers commanded by U.S. General Edward Canby (but under the operational direction of General Gordon . . . — Map (db m87219) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop D — “Damn the Torpedoes!”The Battle of Mobile Bay: — Stop D
At 7:25 a.m., August 5, 1864, Admiral Farragut’s lead monitor Tecumseh steered into the torpedo field at the mouth of Mobile Bay. The admiral had ordered Commander Tunis Craven, the Tecumseh’s captain, to engage the ram . . . — Map (db m87234) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop 1 — Storm Clouds GatherThe Overland Campaign — Stop 1: Fort Gaines
To Wait and Watch In late August 1864 the Federals controlled Mobile Bay but could not attack Mobile. Admiral Farragut could not reach the City even with his light draft vessels, because the channels in the upper Bay had been obstructed. . . . — Map (db m87243) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — "Damn The Torpedoes!" The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864 - 1865The Museum of Mobile
(preface) "Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87288) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Korean War Veterans Memorial
[Inscription: Panel 1]: Our nation honors her sons and daughters who answered the call to defend a country they never knew and a people they never met. 1950 * Korea * 1953 [Panel 2]: Freedom Is Not Free [Panel . . . — Map (db m8829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — World War II Memorial
Here in the presence of Washington and Lincoln, one the Eighteenth Century father and the other the Nineteenth Century preserver of our nation, we honor those Twentieth Century Americans who took up the struggle during the Second World War and made . . . — Map (db m4392) HM
Florida (Orange County), Orlando — Veterans of the Battle of the BulgeArdennes
Dedicated to the gallant men and women who participated in the Battle of the Bulge, World War II, 16 December 1944 thru 25 January 1945 in Belgium and Luxembourg, the greatest battle ever fought by the United States Army. The Veterans of the Battle . . . — Map (db m7450) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Bonnieville — Bacon Creek Trestle
The unlucky L&N Railroad trestle over Bacon Creek received harsh treatment at the hands of Confederate raider John Hunt Morgan not once, but twice during the Civil War. The first destruction, in August 1861, was the first of many attacks Morgan . . . — Map (db m39938) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Anthony Woodson FarmBattle of Munfordville — September 14-17, 1862
Thomas Woodson received this farm as a land grant from Thomas Jefferson for service in the Revolutionary War. His son Anthony made his home on this site and developed a prosperous farmstead, considered one of the finest in the county. From his front . . . — Map (db m40033) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Battle of Munfordville: Day 1Battle and Siege of Munfordville — Sunday, September 14, 1862
An “unauthorized and injudicious” attack ... General James R. Chalmers was sent by General Bragg as a vanguard to Cave City. There, Chalmers learned from Col. John Scott of a weak Union garrison at Munfordville. Eager for . . . — Map (db m88251) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Battle of Munfordville: Siege
When Braxton Bragg arrived at Green River, Cyrus Dunham had taken command of the Union garrison. The 15th had been spent clearing casualties from the field, but by the next day, gunfire erupted from Bragg’s advance guard, starting a day-long . . . — Map (db m88347) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Battle of Rowletts StationDecember 17, 1861
Now a fight ensued such as seldom occurs ... - Colonel August Willich, 32nd Indiana In December 1861, Confederate General Thomas Hindman came from Bowling Green to probe the growing Union strength at Munfordville. Hindman . . . — Map (db m96817) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Fort CraigBattle and Siege of Munfordville — September 14 - 17, 1862
The mound on the hilltop before you is Fort Craig, a five-pointed earthen “star fort” that saw the fiercest fighting of the Civil War Battle and Siege of Munfordville, September 14-17, 1862. Forces of the 7th, 9th, and 29th Mississippi . . . — Map (db m88389) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Kentucky and the Western WarWestern Theater, 1861-1862
Other than by navigating the Mississippi River, the only way for armies west of the Appalachians to move from north to south was through Kentucky. Kentucky's rivers and railroads tempted commanders from both sides in spite of the state's declared . . . — Map (db m40036) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — L&N Railroad BridgeConstructed 1857-1859
By 1857, the Louisville & Nashville Railroad lacked only one connection for through trains to travel between the two cities—a bridge over Green River. Irish stonecutters John W. Key and sons were hired for two years to construct the piers that . . . — Map (db m88353) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Munfordville in the Civil War
The small, unassuming county-seat village of Munfordville, founded on an old buffalo crossing and home to a well-known tavern, could claim pride of place in 1860 as the spot where the L&N Railroad crossed the Green River, over what whas then the . . . — Map (db m39984) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — Pontooniers!1861 - 1865
As useful as Munfordville's small ferry was, it couldn't meet the needs of whole armies. As soon as General Alexander McDowell McCook's army arrived at Green River in the fall of 1861, soldiers immediately began building flat-bottomed boats to . . . — Map (db m40019) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — The RaiderMorgan and his Raiders — Woodsonville, 1861
The arrival of Federal troops into Lexington, Kentucky in fall 1861 prompted Lexington native John Hunt Morgan to assemble a band of 17 armed men on horseback to support the Southern cause. The "Lexington Rifle" then rode into south central Kentucky . . . — Map (db m40038) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — The Woodson FarmBattle for the Bridge Historic Preserve
Anthony Woodson's fields and woods felt the ravages of war. Yet before and after, and even during the strife, the daily life of a central Kentucky farmstead carried on. As you wander the paths of the Woodson farm and visit the house, keep your . . . — Map (db m40034) HM
Kentucky (Jessamine County), Nicholasville — General William "Bull" NelsonStaunch Unionist and Friend of President Abraham Lincoln — The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
Son of an Influential Kentucky Family The Nelson family counted among its friends some of the most important families in Kentucky. William Nelson, born in 1824, near Maysville, Kentucky, grew up in an atmosphere of influence and wealth. . . . — Map (db m70658) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — 1 — Action Before Westport
(Front of Marker): Price's Raid Confederate General Sterling Price brought three mounted divisions from Arkansas into Missouri, September 19, 1864. Fighting several small battles he marched slowly north toward St. Louis, then struck . . . — Map (db m20868) HM
Missouri (Jasper County), Carthage — Rendezous At Carthage
Crossroad of Destiny: Union or Disunion The year of 1861 was one of crisis and decision making for Missouri. Throughout her history, Missouri had stood at many crossroads, for virtually all of the major routes leading from East to West . . . — Map (db m81003) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Veterans of the Battle of the BulgeArdennes
Dedicated to the men and women of the United States Army who participated in the Battle of the Bulge during World War II in Belgium and Luxembourg the greatest land battle fought by the United States Army under extreme winter conditions suffering . . . — Map (db m54913) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Fort Monmouth — Battle of the Bulge Monument
Dedicated to the gallant men and women of the United States Armed Forces who participated in the “Battle of the Bulge,” fought in Belgium and Luxembourg during World War II. The greatest battle ever engaged in by the United States . . . — Map (db m6964) HM
New Jersey (Union County), Springfield — The Jersey Militia and Continental Army
This plaque is dedicated to those brave men of the New Jersey Militia and Continental Army who fought the Battle of Springfield June 7 to June 23, 1780. The battle took place between the bridge crossing near Morris Avenue and the east branch of . . . — Map (db m6920) HM
New York (Chemung County), Lowman — Newtown Battlefield
August 29, 1779 Erected by Newtown Battle Chapter Sons of American Revolution 1907 — Map (db m33323) HM
New York (Chemung County), Lowman — Soldiers of the American RevolutionBuried in this Cemetery
Libertas et Patria Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in this Cemetery Lt. Israel Parshall Pa. • Lt. Christopher Denn Pa. Sgt. Daniel McDowell Pa. • Sgt. Alexander Murry N.Y. Pvt. Abraham Brewer N.Y. • Pvt. John Brewer N.Y. Pvt. Thomas . . . — Map (db m33359) HM
New York (Chemung County), Lowman — Soldiers of the American RevolutionBuried in this Cemetery
Libertas et Patria Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in this Cemetery Lt. Israel Parshall Pa. • Lt. Christopher Denn Pa. Sgt. Daniel McDowell Pa. • Sgt. Alexander Murry N.Y. Pvt. Abraham Brewer N.Y. • Pvt. John Brewer N.Y. Pvt. Thomas . . . — Map (db m90334) HM
New York (Herkimer County), Mohawk — Fort Herkimer
Site of home of Johan Jost, Herkimer ca. 1740 fortified 1756-57 military outpost During French & Indian and Revolutionary Wars — Map (db m32461) HM
New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — The Kings Highway1636
The King's Highway formerly the road to Flatlands Neck passed this site. Over it the Indian braves and Captain John Underhill with his colonial soldiers passed. Lord Cornwallis, on August 25, 1776, at the head of the British troops silently . . . — Map (db m18403) HM
New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Battle of the Bulge
World War II This memorial is dedicated to the soldiers who fought in the bloodiest battle waged by the American army in World War II. The Ardennes Campaign was fought in Belgium and Luxembourg December 16, 1944 - January 25, 1945 Forcing the . . . — Map (db m62097) WM
New York (New York County), New York — East Coast MemorialWWII Battle Monument
Base of Memorial centerpiece, front: 1941 * * * * 1945 Erected by the United States of America in proud and grateful remembrance of her sons who gave their lives in her service and who sleep in the American coastal waters of the Atlantic . . . — Map (db m29208) HM
New York (Saratoga County), Schuylerville — Fort Hardy
British Supply Post 1755 – 63 Here Gen. John Burgoyne’s defeated British troops in the ruins of the fort lay down their arms 1777 — Map (db m56862) HM
New York (Westchester County), White Plains — The War for American Independence
The War for American Independence From October 28, 1776 until the British withdrawal on November 4, 1776 the Continental Army commanded by General George Washington engaged and held off the splendidly appointed British forces of General . . . — Map (db m24440) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Battle of Clapp's Mill
Battle of Clapp's Mill On March 2, 1781, the American light troops under Colonel Otho Holland Williams of Maryland and Lieutenant Colonel Henry "Lighthouse Harry" Lee of Virginia engaged the British light troops near Clapp's Mill on Beaver . . . — Map (db m28062) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Clarkton — Old Brown Marsh Presbyterian Church2 Miles North East
Organized prior to 1756. Present building constructed 1818—the third on site. First two buildings of logs. Was also used for secular education until 1848. Among early ministers: H. McAden, Jas. Hall, S. Stanford, C. Lindsay. — Map (db m60483) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Clarkton — Whistler’s Mother1804–1881
Anna Mathilda McNeill Whistler, mother of the noted painter, James Abbot McNeill Whistler, lived in a house which stood 1300 yards east of this spot. — Map (db m60280) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Elizabethtown — Oakland
One and one-half miles northeast stands Oakland, the home of General Thomas Brown, an officer of the Revolution, 1747-1814. Staunch patriot, statesman, planter. — Map (db m94723) HM
North Carolina (Guilford County), Greensboro — Nathanael Greene
[Front of monument pedestal]: Appointed Major General in command of the Southern Army October 14, 1780 Born in Rhode Island August 7, 1742 Died in Georgia June 19 1786 [Left Side of monument pedestal]: Guilford Court House . . . — Map (db m6975) HM
North Carolina (Guilford County), Sedalia — McLean House
One half mile south of this marker stands the house built by John McLean and his wife Jane Marshall McLean before 1767. Col. Wm. Washington spent some time in this house in the spring of 1781. It has been the home of every successive generation . . . — Map (db m39617) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Caring for the WoundedHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
As the fighting surged past the church and the battle moves into Kinston, surgeons of both armies began the task of caring for the wounded. Harriet’s Chapel became a refuge and men from both sides found care at the church. The fighting around . . . — Map (db m70424) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Fighting at Harriet's ChapelHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
On December 14, Union troops overwhelmed the Confederate line at Harriet’s Chapel. After making a determined stand, the outnumbered Confederates withdrew, fighting as they pulled back toward Jones Bridge. Union Gen. Henry Wessells spent hours . . . — Map (db m70416) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Starr's BatteryHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
In front of you is the position held by Capt. Joseph B. Starr’s Battery. Starr’s Battery defended this position against the Union advance on December 14. Finally, his ammunition exhausted, Starr withdrew across the Neuse River. Capt. Starr had . . . — Map (db m70441) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Action in the SwampHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
A large swamp separated the advancing Union army and the Confederate defenders one-half mile north. Described by one Union soldier as, “difficult to cross, and densely covered with a growth of small trees and pine,” the swamp . . . — Map (db m70438) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Center of the Confederate LineHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Harriet’s Chapel stood in the center of the Confederate line. A heavily wooded wetland stood in front of the line. Behind it was the Neuse River. Three regiments of infantry and two batteries of artillery held this portion of the Confederate line. . . . — Map (db m70436) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Confederate Defenses of KinstonHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Confederate engineers built fortifications around Kinston and along the approaches from New Bern. You can see a portion of these earthworks from the boardwalk. This line of earthworks originally straddled the road to Jones Bridge, which was near the . . . — Map (db m70426) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Night of December 13, 1862Harriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
After the fighting near Southwest Creek, the Confederates withdrew toward Kinston. Marching north, they crossed a creek and waded through the frigid swamp. Many cold, wet soldiers spent a miserable night at Harriet’s Chapel. The Confederate . . . — Map (db m70410) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Site of Harriet's ChapelHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Harriet’s Chapel saw some of the most intense fighting of the Battle of Kinston. In 2010, Historical Preservation Group moved this building, once New Beaverdam Primitive Baptist Church, to this site to interpret Harriet’s Chapel’s role in the . . . — Map (db m70418) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Union ArtilleryHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Twenty-four guns of the 3rd New York Artillery supported Gen. Wessells’ infantry as they advanced through the swamp toward the Confederate line. The overwhelming firepower of Union infantry and artillery eventually forced the Confederates to abandon . . . — Map (db m70439) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Wessells' Advance—December 14, 1862Harriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Gen. John Gray Foster’s long blue line slowly marched north from Southwest Creek toward the Confederate line. The Confederates, behind a formidable line of earthworks protected by a swamp in their front, braced for the Union assault. Gen. Henry . . . — Map (db m70434) HM
South Carolina (Spartanburg County), Moore — 42-4 — “Kate Barry”
1½ miles SE is Walnut Grove, home of Margaret Catherine Moore Barry (1752–1823). Local tradition says she was known as “Kate Barry” and acted as a scout for the Patriots before the Battle of Cowpens, Jan. 17, 1781. With her . . . — Map (db m9912) HM
Wisconsin (Marathon County), Wausau — Battle of the Bulge Monument
In Memory of Veterans Battle of the Bulge Triumph of Courage World War II Dec.16, 1944 – Jan. 25, 1945 This is undoubtedly the greatest American battle of the war and will, I believe, be regarded as an ever . . . — Map (db m42768) HM

Kentucky (Hickman County), Columbus — The Battle at Belmont, Missouri7 November 1861
Read Me First The following maps and text illustrate the battle at Belmont, Missouri. The battle is broken into sections that explain the components of the overall battle. To understand the progression of the battle, match the number above each . . . — Map (db m37089) HM

Philippines, Cavite Province, Corregidor Island — General Jonathan M. Wainwright Memorial
[west face:] [Portrait of General Wainwright] General Jonathan M. Wainwright 1883 to 1953 HERO OF BATAAN Medal of Honor Citation “General Jonathan M. Wainwright, 02131, commanding United States Army Forces in . . . — Map (db m63575) WM

Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Ruth Redmond1903 - 1999
Ruth Redmond was a teacher at nearby Stamford Collegiate from 1926 to 1967. In 1954, Miss Redmond began purchasing properties that were adjacent to her home here on the north side of Lundy's Lane. This valuable land was part of the Lundy's Lane . . . — Map (db m57035) HM

Ohio (Lucas County), Maumee — 46-48 — Battle of Fallen Timbers
[Front Side Text of Marker] : "Battle of Fallen Timbers" The Battle of Fallen Timbers, fought on August 20, 1794, is one of the most significant events relating to post-Revolutionary War America. Major General "Mad" Anthony Wayne led . . . — Map (db m54542) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — The Battle of Gaines’ Mill
Although victorious at Beaver Dam Creek on June 26, 1862, Union General George B. McClellan believed Stonewall Jackson’s 25,000 Confederates threatened the Union right flank. The next morning, June 27, McClellan ordered Fitz John Porter’s Fifth . . . — Map (db m14999) HM

North Carolina (Nash County), Rocky Mount — E-7 — Rocky Mount Mills
Second cotton mill in State. Building begun, 1818. Federals burned, 1863. Soon rebuilt. — Map (db m45923) HM

Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Battle of Dunlap Hill-Stoneman's RaidOcmulgee National Monument
During the Civil War, Macon, Georgia was a thriving city, serving as a major transportation, medical, and manufacturing center. In 1864, Federal officers were being held at Camp Oglethorpe, a prisoner of war camp. Two battles were fought in Macon; . . . — Map (db m98657) HM

Belgium, Wallone, Bastogne — Memorial du MardassonThe Battle of the Bulge — An account written on the walls of the monument.
This Memorial and the Earth surrounding are dedicated to the enduring friendship of the peoples of Belgium and the United States who forged a bond from their common struggle to defeat the enemy of all free peoples. For the armies of the United . . . — Map (db m92202) WM
Belgium, Wallonie (Leige), Malmedy — American Massacre MemorialBattle of the Bulge
To the memory of the soldiers of the United States Army who while prisoners of war were massacred by Nazi troops on this spot on 17 December 1944.

A la mmoire des soldats deliarmeedesetatsuni prisonniers de guerre massacres par des troupes . . . — Map (db m92232) WM

Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1Background to a Battle
On these fields and the surrounding woods 4,000 American, British, Canadian and Native forces fought the first major battle of the Niagara campaign of 1814. When the last shots died away on Samuel Street's farm, more than 800 lay dead and wounded. . . . — Map (db m49398) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4Battle on the Plain — July 5, 1814 4:30 p.m.
British General Riall was convinced that the greater part of Brown's army was still surrounding Fort Erie. He did not know the Fort had surrendered and he was facing the entire U.S. division. Still, the number of men deployed on both sides was . . . — Map (db m49402) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — 1. AttackThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour — Stop 1 of the 5-stop walking tour
If you go to the lookout behind the Laura Secord monument you will see across the river and slightly to your right the area where a huge American force assembled for the invasion of Canada. In the early hours of October 13, 1812, six hundred . . . — Map (db m55029) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — 2. The Treacherous River CliffThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour — Stop 2 of the 5-stop walking tour
"An unguarded trail up this steep cliff was the only route which the Americans had to the heights of Queenston. The trail was to your right but does not exist any longer. Trapped on the river shore by unrelenting gunfire, the Americans contemplated . . . — Map (db m55030) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — 4. The Counter-Offensive Takes ShapeThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour — Stop 4 of the 5-Stop Walking Tour
The Niagara escarpment rises above you. The British reinforcements arriving here from Fort George, in battle dress and exhausted from a "double quick march", struggled up this slope some distance to your right. While the Americans controlled . . . — Map (db m55533) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — 5. The Decisive BattleThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour — Stop 5 of the 5-stop walking tour
On the plateau before you, the British and Americans met for battle. The British formed a line to your right, the Americans to your left. General Sheaffe formed a British counter-offensive force of nine hundred men in a line shoulder to shoulder. . . . — Map (db m55028) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — The Battle of Queenston HeightsThe Battle of Queenston Heights Walking Tour
The Battle of Queenston Heights The village below you and the heights on which you are standing were the stage for the famous Battle of Queenston Heights. It took place during the Anglo-American conflict 1812-1815 known as the . . . — Map (db m51682) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Thorold — In Memory of Unknown American Soldiers
In Memory of Unknown American Soldiers Who Died in the War of 1812 — Map (db m54120) HM
France, Basse-Normandie (Calvados Département), Arromanches-les-Bains — 3 — Arromanches-les-Bains : La Bataille d’ArromanchesArromanches-les-Bains : The Battle of Arromanches — Mon village se raconte
En français: Arromanches possédait une batterie de deux pièces d’artillerie depuis 1793. Située à la base de la falaise Est, cette batterie s’illustra lors de la bataille navale de 1811. Six canonnières venant de Boulogne faisaient route . . . — Map (db m89133) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Confederate Main Line of Resistance(The Battle of Spanish Fort, March 26-April 9, 1865)
Twenty-nine Union field guns, manned by men of the 3d Indiana, 1st Illinois and 2d Iowa Batteries, shelled these Confederate trenches for 13 consecutive days and nights. The fact that these trenches were never breached, attests to the courage of . . . — Map (db m100873) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — The 8th Iowa InfantryBattle of Spanish Fort
On the evening of April 8th, 1865, while the Confederate fortifications were being shelled by Union artillery, the 8th Iowa Infantry advanced from near this point to the Confederate left and captured a part of the works, in hand to hand fighting. . . . — Map (db m100883) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — Lincoyerand The Battle of Tallasehatchee
At this site, on Nov. 3, 1813, after the Battle of Tallasehatchee, known then as Talluschatches, during the Creek Indian War, Gen. Andrew Jackson found a dead Creek Indian woman embracing her living infant son. Gen. Jackson, upon hearing that . . . — Map (db m36551) HM
Alabama (Cullman County), Vinemont — Streight’s RaidThe Battle of Hog Mountain
"This was a glorious fight, one that did the soldiers' hearts good to look upon, made there in the mountains in the darkness of the night, almost hand-to-hand, with only the light from the vivid flash of the artillery and . . . — Map (db m101089) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Maysville — Battle of MaysvilleOr the Battle of Old Fort Wayne
Occurred on Oct. 22, 1862. While Gen. James G. Blunt was encamped on the old Pea Ridge battlefield, word came that Gen. Douglas H. Cooper and Col. Stand Watie's Indian regiment were at old Fort Wayne across the line from Maysville. On Oct. 20 he . . . — Map (db m52281) HM
Arkansas (Clay County), St. Francis — Chalk Bluff in the Civil WarBattle of May 1-2, 1863
In April 1863 a Confederate army of 5000 men commanded by General John S. Marmaduke advanced into Missouri. Forced to retreat before superior Union forces, the Confederates on May 1-2 fought a successful delaying action here while their army crossed . . . — Map (db m4911) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — Red River CampaignBattle of Jenkins' Ferry
Tablet #1 Jenkins' Ferry State Park Act 10 of 1961 authorized this 37-acre state park as a commemorative site and recreation area. The park includes the ferry site where you are standing. The ferry was operated by the Jenkins' family . . . — Map (db m37304) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Rhea's MillBattle Monument
This tower was the chimney of Rhea's Mill, which stood 6 miles northwest of this spot. The mill was operated by the Federal army before and after the battle of Prairie Grove. General Blunt's supply train was at Rhea's during the battle, under guard . . . — Map (db m35276) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — NC-41 — American PositionBattle of Cooch's Bridge
On September 3, 1777, an American Light Infantry Corps composed of Continental soldiers from New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, with militia from Pennsylvania and Delaware, was stationed west of Christina Creek between Aikentown . . . — Map (db m14788) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — NC-42 — British PositionBattle of Cooch's Bridge
On the morning of September 3, 1777, soldiers of the Hessian Field Jaeger Corps encountered American light infantry positioned in the woods and fields along this road, which led from Aikentown (Glasgow) to Cooch's Bridge. The Americans attacked the . . . — Map (db m57931) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — NC-182 — The Philadelphia CampaignBattle of Cooch's Bridge
In August 1777, British forces under the command of General William Howe landed at the Head of Maryland's Elk River. Their goal was the capture of Philadelphia, the capital of the young republic. On September 3, advancing troops were engaged by an . . . — Map (db m14787) HM
Florida (Jackson County), Marianna — Cavalry Fight in Downtown MariannaThe Battle of Marianna
Union and Confederate troops battled for control of the downtown area as fighting swept east through the streets during the Battle of Marianna. A Union flanking party entered town from the north via Caledonia Street and moved east up Lafayette to . . . — Map (db m93108) HM
Florida (Jackson County), Marianna — Fight at the Chipola River BridgeThe Battle of Marianna
Retreating Confederate troops reached the Chipola River after fighting pursuing Union troops from Ely Corner (intersection of Lafayette and Russ Streets) to this point. Captain Robert Chisolm's Woodville Scouts, a cavalry unit from Alabama, drove . . . — Map (db m101422) HM
Florida (Jackson County), Marianna — Fighting at Ely CornerThe Battle of Marianna
The main section of the Battle of Marianna began here at 11 a.m. on September 27, 1864. Confederate cavalry under Col. A.B. Montgomery formed a line of battle across the main street at this point. Union troops, led by Brig. Ben. Alexander Asboth, . . . — Map (db m93103) HM
Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Fort HawkinsThe Battle for Macon — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails
During the early 1800s, Georgia grew through a series of treaties with the Creek Indians. After the Louisiana Purchase, President Thomas Jefferson authorized Benjamin Hawkins, Agent for Indian Affairs, to negotiate the 1805 treaty to expand Georgia . . . — Map (db m103214) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — The Armies EngageThe Battle of Chickamauga opened here at the site of Jays Sawmill
The Battle of Chickamauga began here on September 19, 1863, in the field adjacent to Jays Sawmill. The mill is no longer standing. At dawn, Union Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas ordered two brigades to move eastward to this location to capture a . . . — Map (db m68403) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — War Comes to the BrothertonsThe great battle raged around this family farm
At the time of the Battle of Chickamauga, George and Mary Brotherton and their children lived in a log house here. In the surrounding fields they grazed cattle and grew corn and hay. To escape the battle, some of the Brothertons and other local . . . — Map (db m24222) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-19 — Sherman's March To The Sea :Battle of Shaw's Bridge and Shaw's Dam
Beginning on December 10, 1864, Union and Confederate soldiers fought near here at Shaw’s Bridge and Shaw’s Dam, as Union General William T. Sherman’s army moved toward Savannah. During bloody fighting, Confederates twice repulsed Union attempts to . . . — Map (db m4949) HM
Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — 39 — Patrick Cleburne Confederate CemeteryBattle of Jonesborough - the Second Day — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail
Located near the center of fighting on the second day of the Battle Jonesborough (Jonesboro), the final major battle of the Atlanta Campaign, this cemetery contains the graves of up to 1,000 Confederate soldiers killed while fighting here on August . . . — Map (db m103182) HM
Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — Unknown Confederate Soldiers MemorialBattle of Jonesboro
To the honored memory of the several hundred unknown Confederate Soldiers reposing within this enclosure who fell at the Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1, 1864 These soldiers were of Hardee’s Corps, commanded by Maj. Gen. . . . — Map (db m74212) WM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — The Reversed TrenchPine Knob Battle
Constructed and manned by Confederate infantry on June 15, 1864 the location of this trench enabled the southerners to deliver a deadly flank fire into the right of Geary’s division (20th Army Corps) as it approached the principal line of . . . — Map (db m11224) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Tribute to Georgian GeneralsBattle of Kennesaw Mountain
In Tribute To the 14 Georgians who were Generals Of the Confederate States Army In the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain June 27, 1864 Lt. Gen. William Joseph Hardee • Maj. Gen. William Henry Talbot Walker • Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler • . . . — Map (db m84441) WM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — The Confederate AttackThe Battle of Peachtree Creek — Tablet #5
On July 20th, Hood ordered the attack to begin at 1:00 P.M. Hardee and Stewart were to advance, drive the enemy back to the creek, and then west into the angle formed by the creek and the river; but events east of Atlanta caused the line to be . . . — Map (db m87191) HM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — The Confederate Attack, Cont.The Battle of Peachtree Creek — Tablet #6
On the right, Harrison placed two regiments across Tanyard Branch, to connect with Candy´s left, and three on the slight rise east of it. Scott´s brigade advanced across the thickly wooded hills between Northside and Whitehall drives, routing the . . . — Map (db m87192) HM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — The Federal AdvanceThe Battle of Peachtree Creek — Tablet #3
After noon on July 9th, Schofield´s Army of the Ohio (23rd Corps) had forced Johnston to cross the Chattahoochee River that night by a surprise crossing up river at Soap Creek. On the 12th, Howard´s 4th Corps of Thomas´ Army of the Cumberland . . . — Map (db m87189) HM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — The Federal Advance, Cont./The Change of CommandThe Battle of Peachtree Creek — Tablet #4
The Federal Advance, Cont. It finally reached the golf course area and deployed with Wood´s brigade on the left, Coburn´s in the center and Harrison´s on the right. Earlier, Newton´s division of Howard´s corps had crossed the creek and . . . — Map (db m87190) HM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — The Federal Forces Engaged/The Confederate Forces EngagedThe Battle of Peachtree Creek — Tablet #2
The Federal Forces Engaged (Sherman’s right wing) The Army of the Cumberland Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas Fourth Corps* 2nd Division Brig. Gen. John Newton (Kimball’s, Blake’s and Bradley’s brigades) Fourteenth Corps** 1st Division . . . — Map (db m87188) HM
Georgia (Liberty County), Midway — 89-17 — General James ScrevenKilled in Battle Here
On November 24, 1778, General James Screven was mortally wounded in a battle fought near this spot. With General Screven in the action were Major James Jackson, Colonel John White, Capt. Celerine Brusard and Capt. Edward Young, with 100 . . . — Map (db m16070) HM
Georgia (Troup County), West Point — Fort TylerThe Battle of West Point — April 16, 1865
Dedicated to the memory of Brig. Gen. Robert C. Tyler Reconstructed 1996-1997 Fort Tyler Association, Inc. Dedicated April 18, 1998 — Map (db m101144) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Longstreet AvenueBattle of Chickamauga
General James Longstreet, C.S.A., was in command of the left wing of the Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. Longstreet's forces broke the federal lines at the Brotherton house, which threw the Union Army into full retreat to . . . — Map (db m88975) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — The Texas RangersBattle of Rowletts Station — December 17, 1861
Organized in Houston in 1861 by Kentucky-born Texas sugar planter Benjamin Franklin Terry, the 8th Texas Cavalry would be better know throughout the Civil War as “Terry’s Texas Rangers”—though Terry was himself among the first . . . — Map (db m88165) HM
Kentucky (Laurel County), Hazel Patch — Camp WildcatSite of Civil War Battle — October 21, 1861
In memory of those who fought here. This monument is dedicated on October 17, 1992, in Kentucky's Bicentennial year. — Map (db m30362) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — Confederate CemeteryBattle of Richmond Tour Station
Until 1972 these graves were marked with only small rough field stones which are still in place along with the newer Veterans Administration markers. Research by Dr. John B. Floyd, Jr., revealed the names of the soldiers buried here. Since it is not . . . — Map (db m30987) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "The Loud Mouthed Dogs of War Were Unleashed"The Battle of Richmond Began At An Artiller Duel
The Battle of Richmond began about 5 AM on August 30, 1862, as pickets from Gen. Mahlon Manson's Union brigade and Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Confederate division exchanged shots. With the initial rattle of musketry both side began shaping their lines, . . . — Map (db m86263) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Battle on a Sabbath Morn"The Battle - 8:00 until 9:00 A.M.
You are standing in the center of the area where most of the Mill Springs Battle took place on Sunday morning, January 19, 1862. This illustration depicts the scene from a birds eye viewpoint above and behind you. The Union line stood to your left, . . . — Map (db m62985) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Field HospitalBattle of Mill Springs
This is the site of the Confederate Hospital used by Confederate surgeons after the Battle of Mill Springs. The site is being preserved with the help of a Federal grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund, administered by the National Park . . . — Map (db m55459) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Fix Bayonets - Charge!The Battle - Mid-Morning
"If it gets too hot for you, shut your eyes my boys - forward!" - Major Gustave Kammerling, 9th Ohio (photo inset) Union Colonel Robert McCook, commanding the Union 3rd Brigade ordered one of the few successful bayonet charges of the Civil . . . — Map (db m62973) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Dawn of BattleThe Battle — 6:00 A.M.
Shortly before daylight about 6:00 A.M., the struggling Confederate column encountered Union pickets at Timmy's branch one and one half miles south of here and exchanged the first shots of the battle. Alerted by the gunfire, the Union camps (a mile . . . — Map (db m70012) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle of Frederick"Best little battle of the war" — Early's 1864 Washington Raid
(preface) Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early drove Union Gen. David Hunter into West Virginia after the Battle of Lynchburg, Va., clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Federal forces. To draw Union troops from Petersburg, Early launched a raid . . . — Map (db m76651) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Middletown — Christ Reformed ChurchJust Before the Battle — Antietam Campaign 1862
Eight thousand Confederates under Gen. Lafayette McLaws marched by this church on September 10-11, 1862, heading south to Harper’s Ferry. Since no Federals were in the area, McLaws expected no encounters with the enemy. Unknown to him, however, . . . — Map (db m796) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m78230) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Undaunted In BattleThe Battle of Bladensburg — August 24, 1814
Undaunted War of 1812 This Monument Stands as A Tribute to the American Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines who fought and Died here defending their Nation's Capital This monument depicts Commodore Joshua Barney of the U.S. Navy a . . . — Map (db m78136) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Bladensburg Dueling GroundsBattle of Bladensburg — Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Throughout much of the nineteenth century, the Bladensburg Dueling Grounds were well-known as a place to settle differences. The site was a secluded location, close to taverns, and fell outside of Washington D.C.'s boundaries, where dueling . . . — Map (db m73130) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Crossroads of Trade and TravelBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Standing here, where the 120-foot long wooden bridge would have carried the road between Bladensburg and Washington D.C., a traveler in 1814 would have experienced all manner of travel in and out of the popular community. Established in the . . . — Map (db m75905) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Famous FootstepsBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
As the militia – local citizens—defended this road, then known as the Bladensburg or Washington turnpike, from approaching British troops in 1814, three historical figures stood in the thick of the battle at or near this point: . . . — Map (db m73241) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m75958) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m73190) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m77080) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gettysburg CampaignThe Battle of Boonsboro
Two U.S. Cavalry divisions repulsed five rebel cavalry brigades in a day-long fight north of Boonsboro on July 8, 1863. The South Mountain passes remained open to the Federal Army in pursuit of the Confederates retreating from Gettyburg via . . . — Map (db m7008) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Brownsville — Battle of Maryland HeightsMaryland's First Civil War Battle — Antietam Campaign 1862
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's smashing victory over Union Gen. John Pope at the Second Battle of Manassas, Lee decided to invade the North to reap the fall harvest, gain Confederate recruits, earn foreign recognition, and . . . — Map (db m59630) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Cascade — War Returns to South MountainBattle of Monterey Pass — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface):After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Maryland into Pennsylvania, marching next to threaten Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C. . . . — Map (db m31048) HM
Massachusetts (Berkshire County), North Adams — North Adams Iron CompanyBattle Between the Monitor and Merrimac
On this site in the plant of the North Adams Iron Company, founded 1846 and from 1858 to 1862 operated by John Adam Beckley, the ore was smelted for the plates used in building the Monitor, the famous antagonist of the Merrimac in the first combat . . . — Map (db m59537) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battery FBattle of Corinth
Only extant redan of six built in 1862 by U.S. troops as outer defense south and west of town. Taken on Oct. 3, 1862, by C.S. forces after fierce fighting. Battle resumed on Oct. 4, but C.S. troops forced to withdraw. — Map (db m66613) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-1 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line Overview
By 10:00 a.m. on June 10, 1864, Col. George Waring's Federal cavalry had reached the Cross Roads. The troops deployed on either side of the Baldwyn Road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. . . . — Map (db m62173) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Independence — Price's Great Missouri RaidThe Battle of the Little Blue River — "They fought us on the blue grass ridges..." Pvt. James H. Campbell, 14th Mo. Confederate Cavalry
By 11 a.m. on Oct. 20, 1864, Col. Thomas Moonlight had made his first movement after the Little Blue crossing. Maj. Gen. James Blunt received permission from Maj. Gen. Samuel Curtis to engage the Confederate and made a rapid movement to this . . . — Map (db m90430) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — 10 — Wornall HomesteadBattle of Westport
Built in 1858 by John Wornall on his 640-acre farm, this house was in the center of heavy fighting on October 23, 1864. After the last Confederate charge to the north toward Westport was repulsed, this house was used as a field hospital for both . . . — Map (db m28072) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Freehold — Retreat?The Battle of Monmouth     28 June 1778 — 12:00 PM – 12:15 PM
On this hill, an angry George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Armies, met his second-in-command, Major-General Charles Lee, and demanded “What is all this? What all that confusion was for, and retreat?” . . . — Map (db m37518) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Battle at the ParsonageThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778, 5:00 PM – 5:30 PM
Desperate fighting took place here as retreating Continental infantry held off a battalion of British grenadiers. “General Wayne, occupying a barn and orchard in front, gave them a very warm reception.” Dr. James McHenry, . . . — Map (db m14408) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Battlefield ArchaeologyThe Battle of Monmouth – 28 June 1778
Where Was Molly Hays during the Battle of Monmouth? Documents and Archaeology provides clues. During the Battle, Commander-in-Chief George Washington watched approvingly as Captain Francis Proctor’s artillery company cannonaded the British. . . . — Map (db m8976) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — D’Annae: A French, Swedish-Style 4-pounderThe Battle of Monmouth – 28 June 1778
In 1777, the Continental Army was in desperate need of more field artillery. When 31 Swedish-style 4-pounders arrived in New Hampshire in April, Commander-in-Chief George Washington directed that “they will be forwarded to Camp, as fast as . . . — Map (db m8972) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Highlanders Decline CombatThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778,   4:10 PM – 4:20 PM
What a pity it is to throw away such men as these”   Captain – Lieutenant John Peebles, Royal Highland Regiment Here, in what was Derick Sutfin’s cider orchard, 300 Royal Highlanders found themselves in an awkward . . . — Map (db m37723) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Monmouth Battlefield State ParkThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778
During the afternoon of Sunday, June 28, 1778, the hills and meadows in front of you disappeared under clouds of gun smoke. When the firing subsided, over 600 men were dead, dying or wounded, and the Continental Army held the field. The Battle of . . . — Map (db m37741) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Perrine Hill Front LineThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778, 12:30 PM
Seeking to avoid a bloody battle with the approaching British, Washington selected this strong defensive position. Here, a circle of brooks and swamps protected the Continental troops. Commander-in-Chief Washington and Major-General Lord . . . — Map (db m14404) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Perrine Hill SpringThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778
During the Battle of Monmouth, thirst and heat killed almost as many men as cannons and muskets. Everyone was desperate for water. Hundreds of men – and probably Molly Hays – filled canteens and buckets from this spring. June 28, 1778 . . . — Map (db m37724) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — The British GrenadiersThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778. 12:45 PM – 1:00 PM
Grenadiers were the heavy infantry of 18th-century armies. Normally, British regiments were composed of 10 companies – 8 line companies, 1 light infantry company, and 1 grenadier company. Agile, intelligent men were chosen for the light . . . — Map (db m14411) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — The British Rush the HedgerowThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778. 12:45 PM - 1:00 PM
“Riding like a New Market Jockey,” British Commander-in-chief, Sir Henry Clinton rushed his men forward hoping to crush the Continental advance force against Spotswood Middle Brook. If he could destroy the Continental Army, he . . . — Map (db m14410) HM
New Jersey (Monmouth County), Manalapan — Washington Resumes the OffensiveThe Battle of Monmouth — 28 June 1778, 4:00 PM – 5:00 PM
As the enemy withdrew their artillery and began withdrawing their infantry, Commander-in-Chief George Washington began a cautious offensive designed to boost American morale without risking the destruction of the Continental Army. First, . . . — Map (db m14406) HM
New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — The Delaware RegimentBattle of Long Island – August 27, 1776
Responding to the call of the Continental Congress, the Delaware Regiment was organized in January of 1776. In early August of that year they were ordered to march northward to join the Continental army under the command of General Washington. . . . — Map (db m13211) HM
New York (Lewis County), Copenhagen — Copenhagen Civil War Memorial
They need no monument those who fought and died for their country, but their country ever needs the memory and inspiration of their example. In honor of the boys in blue. — Map (db m66874) WM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — The Battle of Queenston HeightsFirst Battle of the War — War of 1812
From this point on October 13, 1812, U.S. troops launched an invasion of Queenston Heights, Canada in an attempt to seize Fort George and control the river. The Battle was a disaster for the Americans, as they suffered heavy losses and ultimately . . . — Map (db m57088) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The Battle of La Belle FamilleFrench Losses: The Battle & The Interior
July 24, 1759 At this location British troops set defenses against French reinforcements, intent on breaking the British siege of Fort Niagara. Though outnumbered, the British repelled the advance and assured the fall of the Fort. Their . . . — Map (db m67347) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — British InvasionThe Battle of Oswego — War of 1812
Site of British Attacks on Fort Ontario, May 5-7, 1814 After enduring a heavy bombardment by a British fleet under the command of Sir James Yeo, and repelling an amphibious assault on May 5, 1814, 290 men of the 3rd U.S. Artillery and 200 . . . — Map (db m75816) HM
New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Freeman Houseand Site of the Battle of September 19, 1777 — History Now
The first battle of Saratoga was fought here on September 19, 1777. The map shows the troop positions. British forces drove the Americans from this place immediately around Freeman’s farmhouse. Then the British fortified the area, including the . . . — Map (db m11504) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — September 13, 1781(Battle of Lindley's Mill)
On these grounds, Revolutionaries and Loyalists were buried together in mass graves by people of this neighborhood, who also cared for the wounded in their homes. Additional burials are at Spring Meeting House. — Map (db m30695) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Tranter's CreekBrothers in Battle
After Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s army captured Roanoke Island in February 1862, Federal troops occupied New Bern the next month and then secured the undefended town of Washington on March 20. Although several weeks passed with only a few . . . — Map (db m70506) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — USS PicketBattle of Washington
During the summer of 1892, Union forces firmly controlled eastern North Carolina, with garrisons stationed at Plymouth, Washington, New Bern and elsewhere. Federal detachments raided the countryside at will, while Confederate . . . — Map (db m64899) HM
North Carolina (Chowan County), Edenton — EdentonBattle of Albemarle Sound
On May 5, 1864, the Confederate ironclad ram CSS Albemarle under Commander James W. Cooke, with gunboats Cotton Plant and Bombshell, steamed out of the Roanoke River into Bachelor's Bay and Albemarle Sound before you, bound for . . . — Map (db m34832) HM
Ohio (Crawford County), Bucyrus — 4-17 — SeccaiumThe Battle of the Olentangy — Removed, Restored, Re-Located
On the banks on the Olentangy River, at the bend where the stream turns southwest, is the legendary site of Seccaium. This 17th century village was located on the portage to the Sandusky River, and was recognized by Indians as a neutral ground . . . — Map (db m80440) HM
Ohio (Logan County), West Liberty — Squaw RockBenjamin Logan Battle Site — Mack-A-Cheek Village
Squaw Rock Of Indian Legend Site Shawnee Village Mac-A-Cheek and home Chief Moluntha Destroyed 1786 by Col. Logan Simon Kenton Gauntlet 1778 — Map (db m76156) HM
Ohio (Lucas County), Maumee — AlliancesMain Battle Line
The Western Confederacy united three prominent Nations: the Miami, Shawnee, and Delaware, with additional members from other Nations. Chief Little Turtle of the Miami, Blue Jacket of the Shawnee and Buckongahelas of the Delaware were the primary . . . — Map (db m93110) HM
Ohio (Lucas County), Maumee — Archeology & ArtifactsMain Battle Line
In 1995, after years of research, Dr. G. Michael Pratt led an archeological survey on a field west of the floodplain previously believed to be the site of the battle. A successful dig turned up artifacts such as buckshot, rifle fragments and . . . — Map (db m93178) HM
Oklahoma (Atoka County), Atoka — Middle Boggy BattleOn this site lie Confederate Soldiers who died in battle, February 13, 1863
The Confederate Encampment here at Middle (or Muddy) Boggy Crossing on the Boggy Depot Road held by Lieut. Col. John Jumper's Seminole Battalion, Capt. Adam Nail's Company A of First Choctaw and Chickasaw Cavalry and a detachment of the Twentieth . . . — Map (db m70626) HM
Oklahoma (Craig County), Big Cabin — Confederate SoldiersBattle of Cabin Creek, Sept. 19, 1864
(Front):To honor The Confederate Soldiers of the Battle of Cabin Creek Sept. 19, 1864 Erected by Okla. Division Daughters of the Confederacy June 1961 (Back): Battle of Cabin Creek Sept. 19, 1864 Confederate Forces -- Brig. Gen. . . . — Map (db m52268) HM
Oklahoma (McIntosh County), Rentiesville — Texas MonumentBattle of Honey Springs
. . . — Map (db m76478) WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Location of Field HospitalsDuring the Battle of Gettysburg — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Medical Department Location of the Field Hospitals During the Battle of Gettysburg 1st Corps - July 1st at the Lutheran Theological Seminary and in Gettysburg July 2nd near White Church on Baltimore Pike 2nd Corps - July 2nd . . . — Map (db m13265) HM
Pennsylvania (Montgomery County), Hatboro — Crooked BilletBattle May 1st 1778
Panel 1 Gen. John Lacey, commanded the American patriots who where here engaged in the conflict for Independence. Col William Dean. Capt Isaac Longstreth. Panel 2 -In memory of Patriotic Capt John Downey and others who were cruelly . . . — Map (db m84893) WM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — The Delaware RegimentBattle of Germantown - October 4, 1777
After distinguished service in the Campaign of 1776, Delaware's Continental regiment was formally reorganized in early 1777. Assigned to the division of Major General John Sullivan, the Delaware Regiment was a part of that unit's costly offensive . . . — Map (db m22118) HM
Pennsylvania (Schuylkill County), Pine Grove — M60A3 MBTMain Battle Tank
This M60A3 Main Battle Tank (MBT) is a fully tracked, armored, combat vehicle operated by a crew of four consisting of a driver, gunner, loader, and a tank commander. The vehicle is powered by a 750 horsepower V-12 air cooled compression ignition . . . — Map (db m86712) WM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Square is Now RecapturedThe Scattered Debris of Battle
From Hanover's Center Square, major roads radiate to York, Baltimore, Frederick and Carlisle. For the second time that day the Center Square would become the scene of brutal combat. A few blocks to the north, nearly 400 mounted cavalrymen from . . . — Map (db m4996) HM
Rhode Island (Newport County), Portsmouth — The Black RegimentBattle of Rhode Island
. . . — Map (db m8407) HM
South Carolina (York County), Blacksburg — Presidential Recognition150th Anniversary of the battle
This is a place of inspiring memories. Here less than a thousand men, inspired by the urge of freedom, defeated a superior force....This small band of patriots turned back a dangerous invasion well-designed to separate and dismember the united . . . — Map (db m17535) HM
Tennessee (Carroll County), Clarksburg — ClarksburgPrelude, Battle of Parker's Crossroads — Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid
(preface) Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led his cavalry brigade on a raid through West Tennessee, Dec 15, 1862-Jan 3, 1863, destroying railroads and severing Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s supply line between Columbus, Kentucky, and Vicksburg, . . . — Map (db m74967) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Belle Meade PlantationThe Battle of Nashville — Hood's Campaign
(overview) In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman’s supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman’s “March to . . . — Map (db m68971) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-339D — Confederate CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Confederate Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863. The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Longstreet's Corps . . . — Map (db m57902) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-339 — Confederate CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Confederate Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863. The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Longstreet's Corps . . . — Map (db m44300) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-339B — Confederate CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Confederate Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863. The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Longstreet's Corps . . . — Map (db m44575) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-66D — Union CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Union Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863.The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Cruft's Div., 4th Corps - . . . — Map (db m57904) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-66 — Union CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Union Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863.The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Cruft's Div., 4th Corps - . . . — Map (db m43486) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-66B — Union CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Union Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863.The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Cruft's Div., 4th Corps - . . . — Map (db m44576) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Lookout Mountain — MT-339C — Confederate CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Confederate Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863. The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Longstreet's Corps . . . — Map (db m57908) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Lookout Mountain — Lookout MountainAmerican Revolutionary War Battle
The Chattanooga area was firmly controlled by the Chickamauga Indians at the time of The American Revolution. The Cherokee Indian chiefs had signed peace and land treaties with the Colonial settlers. However, a small group of rebellious Cherokees . . . — Map (db m4496) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Lookout Mountain — MT-66C — Union CasualtiesBattle of Chattanooga — November 23 - 27, 1863
Union Casualties - Battle of Chattanooga. Nov. 23d to Nov. 27th, 1863.The losses here given by Divisions include Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and operations following as far as Ringgold Gap, GA. Cruft's Div., 4th Corps - . . . — Map (db m57906) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle of Parker's CrossroadsTour Stop 1 - Overview of Battle Area — December 31, 1862
The north-south tree line parallel to today's Highway 22 marks the roadbed of the old Huntingdon-Lexington road. Union Colonel Cyrus L. Dunham's Brigade marched south to Parker's Crossroads on December 31, 1862 to block the route of the Confederate . . . — Map (db m72196) HM
Tennessee (Humphreys County), New Johnsonville — Forrest's Opening MoveThe Battle of Johnsonville — November 4, 1864
Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s army held Atlanta and was poised to strike deeper into the Confederacy. Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford B. Forrest was determined to cut off Sherman’s supplies and cripple the Union campaign. In November 1864, Forrest . . . — Map (db m74396) HM
Tennessee (Knox County), Knoxville — Fort SandersDecisive Battle for Knoxville — Knoxville Campaign
(preface) On November 4, 1863, to divert Federal forces from Chattanooga, Confederate Gen. James Longstreet led two reinforced divisions from the city to attack Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s garrison in Knoxville. Burnside confronted . . . — Map (db m82209) HM
Tennessee (Knox County), Knoxville — The 1863 Siege of KnoxvilleFortifications and Battle Sites
Introduction. After defeating the Union Army of the Cumberland in the bloody battle of Chickamauga (Sep 18-20, 1863) and besieging the Federal provisions in the city of Chattanooga, Confederate Army of Tennessee Commander Gen. Braxton Bragg . . . — Map (db m100827) HM
Tennessee (Madison County), Jackson — Large Oak TreeBattle of Salem Cemetery — CSA: 1861-1865
It was at this point on December 19, 1862, that Colonel Engelmann (US) ambushed a column of Forrest's Cavalry (CS). They were forced to retreat out of rifle range after suffering a substantial loss. Their artillery was brought up and shelled the . . . — Map (db m82206) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Carnton PlantationBattle of Franklin
Carnton was built ca. 1815 by Randal McGavock (1768-1843), planter, political leader and mayor of Nashville. Named after the McGavock home in Northern Ireland, the house was greatly enlarged by Randal ca.1826. His son, John, later added the Greek . . . — Map (db m62916) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3D 45 — Confederate CemeteryBattle of Franklin
Following the Battle of Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864, John McGavock, owner of “Carnton,” collected and buried here the bodies of 1496 Confederates. The five general officers killed there were interred elsewhere after being brought to the . . . — Map (db m83173) HM WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Union HeadquartersPlanning for Battle — Hood's Campaign
(Preface):In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the . . . — Map (db m83189) HM WM
Vermont (Bennington County), Old Bennington — Bennington Battle Monument
On August 16, 1777, British forces sent by Gen'l Burgoyne to seize supplies at Bennington were turned back by New Englanders under Gen'l John Stark and Vermont's Col. Seth Warner. This 306 foot commemorative shaft planned 100 years later, was . . . — Map (db m13600) HM
Vermont (Rutland County), Castleton — Fort WarrenBattle of Hubbardton — Seven Miles North
Directly east is the elevation of Fort Warren, built in 1779 for defense of the northern frontier. The road from the north was route of American retreat before Burgoyne, protected by Col. Seth Warner’s rearguard action at the Battle of Hubbardton, . . . — Map (db m78183) HM
Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Confederate Artillery PositionBattle of Appomattox Station
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Norther Virginia began the retreat west from Richmond and Petersburg on April 3, 1865, with about 250 cannon. Two days later, at Amelia Court House, about a hundred of the least effective pieces were culled . . . — Map (db m84749) HM
Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Custer's Third BrigadeBattle of Appomattox Station
Union Col. Henry Capehart commanded Gen. George A. Custer’s Third Cavalry Brigade on Custer’s left flank. On April 8, 1865, Capehart had only the 1st New York (Lincoln) an 1st and 2nd West Virginia regiments on hand, the 3rd West Virginia had . . . — Map (db m84751) HM
Virginia, Charlottesville — Barry and Bill Battle
The Battle Building at UVA Children's Hospital is named for Barry W. and William C. "Bill" Battle, longtime supporters of children's healthcare research and clinical care in central Virginia. Barry Webb Battle was inaugural chair of the UVA . . . — Map (db m101182) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — Dismal Swamp CanalThe Battle of South Mills
Before you is the Dismal Swamp Canal, a much sought after prize of war during the Civil War. The Confederates made good use of the canal facilities during the initial stages of the conflict. A large volume of supplies passed through in both . . . — Map (db m37765) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe Largest Cavalry Battle of the Civil War
Confederate horsemen numbering 9500 under the command of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart were concentrated around Brandy Station in preparation of the upcoming raid into Pennsylvania - which would culminate at Gettysburg. The Federal army, being aware of the . . . — Map (db m4364) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationBattle's Wake
Driven from Fleetwood Hill, the Union cavalry pulled back toward the Rappahannock River and halted just beyond cannon range. Observing that the sullen Federals refused to depart, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart consolidated his defensive line around . . . — Map (db m97494) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationBattle for Fleetwood Hill
On the evening of June 8, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his headquarters staff camped on the northern edge of Fleetwood Hill. Early the next morning, heavy gunfire from the direction of Beverly's Ford (three miles to your left rear), . . . — Map (db m97490) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Court HouseBattle of Culpeper Court House
Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Federal officials sought to verify rumors that a substantial part of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army had been detached. On September 13, 1863, Federal cavalry moved down the tracks from your left, under . . . — Map (db m8417) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Grant's Fifth OffensiveSeptember 29 - October 2, 1864 Battle of Peebles' Farm
Throughout the summer of 1864 Union General Ulysses S. Grant made several unsuccessful assaults against the Confederate defenses around Richmond and Petersburg. Then, in the fall of 1864, the Union won decisive victories on other fronts of the war. . . . — Map (db m78095) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadThe Battle of Lewis Farm
General Grant wanted to force his way around the Confederate right flank and cut the last remaining supply lines into Petersburg. The offensive began on March 29, 1865. Union Major General Philip H. Sheridan’s cavalry moved towards Dinwiddie Court . . . — Map (db m14805) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Manassas — Strategic CrossingFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 - 6 a.m.
Originally constructed in 1825, the Stone Bridge carried the Warrenton Turnpike across Bull Run. Its ability to carry traffic across the steep-sided stream, even at times of high water, gave the bridge a key role in the Civil War. Both sides . . . — Map (db m94609) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Manassas — Union RetreatSecond Battle of Manassas - Day Three — August 30, 1862 - 9 p.m.
Under cover of darkness, the defeated Union army withdrew toward Centreville, four miles to the east. The troops crossed Bull Run on a makeshift wooden span, constructed several months earlier by Union engineers using the remaining bridge abutments. . . . — Map (db m88720) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Rose Hill“I do not recollect having ever heard such a roar of musketry.” — 1862 Valley Campaign
The First Battle of Kernstown, on March 23, 1862, was also the first major Civil War battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley. Throughout the morning, 16 Union cannons on Pritchard’s Hill held off Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s . . . — Map (db m2646) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Rutherford's FarmIn the Path of Battle
In addition to the action of July 20, 1864, known as the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, two other significant events occurred on or near John Rutherford’s property here. The first took place on June 14-15, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign, as . . . — Map (db m14026) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — A DiversionThe Second Battle of Fredericksburg
3 May 1863. During the Chancellorsville Campaign, Brigadier General John Gibbon deployed his Union division in this area in support of other federal units in Fredericksburg. On the morning of May 3, Gibbon’s troops rushed forward to assault . . . — Map (db m1064) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Seeking CoverBattle of Fredericksburg
For Union soldiers who attacked Marye's Heights, the open plain in front of you offered just two sources of cover: the brick Stratton house, visible just two blocks ahead on the left side of the street, and the swale, a slight drop in the landscape . . . — Map (db m25643) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Sunken RoadBattle of Chancellorsville
This photograph was taken shortly after the Confederates in the foreground were killed on May 3, 1863. This graphic depiction of the human debris of battle is one of the most revealing post-battle photos from the Civil War years, because it was . . . — Map (db m93583) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Attacking with “Decisive Vigor”The Battle of the Hook
“…the Cavalry…has attaqued them, pierced through and…have had a great advantage of them.” Duc de Choisy to George Washington, October 3, 1781 One of the largest cavalry battles of the Revolution was fought a few miles north . . . — Map (db m18706) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Doswell — Turning Lee’s FlankBattle of North Anna River — 1864 Overland Campaign
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia arrived here at the North Anna River on May 22, 1864. The next day, the Union Army of the Potomac followed, having maneuvered around the Confederates from the Wilderness through Spotsylvania . . . — Map (db m73939) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Studley — Enon ChurchThe Battle of Haw's Shop — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
Confederate cavalry under Gen. Wade Hampton arrived here May 28, 1864, hoping to locate the whereabouts of the Federal army. Hampton’s leading column collided with Gen. David Gregg’s Union cavalry division near the Haw’s Shop crossroads, one mile in . . . — Map (db m15781) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — OutgunnedBattle of Malvern Hill
General Robert E. Lee hoped that a crossfire of Confederate artillery directed against the crest of Malvern Hill might silence the powerful array of Union guns and clear the way for an infantry charge. Generals Longstreet and Jackson established . . . — Map (db m29399) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Lakeside — Yellow TavernStuart’s Last Battle — Lee Vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign
While Grant and Lee fought at Spotsylvania, Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took 12,000 Federal cavalry on a raid toward Richmond. After destroying a large Confederate supply depot at Beaver Dam Station, Sheridan’s troopers met 4,000 Southern cavalrymen . . . — Map (db m3713) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Varina — One Last AdvanceBattle of Darbytown (New Market) Road — Siege of Petersburg & Richmond 1864-1965
(preface) For almost ten months beginning in mid-June 1864, the Army of the Potomac besieged the cities of Petersburg and Richmond from the east and south. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered the Union fortifications extended west Petersburg and . . . — Map (db m90633) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Village of McDowellBattle of McDowell — 1862 Valley Campaign
Union troops camped in the fields south of here between April 17, 1862, and the Battle of McDowell on May 8. They deployed artillery, including “two twelve pounders [that] were planted on the plateau in the read of [the church] so as to cover . . . — Map (db m62955) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Mosby’s RangersBattle of Miskel Farm — March 31, 1863
Captain John Singleton Mosby and 69 of his Confederate ranger troop were surprised at dawn while sleeping here in the Miskel farmhouse and hay barn by 150 Union cavalry. Though greatly outnumbered, Captain Mosby led his rangers on foot with . . . — Map (db m1794) HM
Virginia (Louisa County), Louisa — Decisive Confederate VictoryThe Largest All-Cavalry Battle of the Western Hemisphere
The Battle of Trevilian Station Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton's victory over Gen. Philip H. Sheridan at Trevilian Station on June 11-12, 1864, prevented Sheridan from joining Gen. David Hunter and destroying the Virginia Central Railroad at . . . — Map (db m4847) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Crippled Corps and V.M.I. Cadets Form Inner Defenses in Old City CemeteryBattle of Lynchburg, June 18, 1864
A week before the city of Lynchburg was to be invaded by 18,000 Union troops, the city lay vulnerable, unprotected by Confederate forces. Brigadier General Francis T. Nicholls, a double amputee, who had recovered in a Lynchburg hospital, . . . — Map (db m74052) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Quaker Meeting HouseThe Battle Begins — Battle of Lynchburg
From here in June 1864, Confederate cavalrymen watched Gen. David Hunter’s Union army advance toward them on the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave). Hunter departed Lexington on June 14 and crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains near Peaks of Otter. . . . — Map (db m3928) HM
Virginia (Madison County), Leon — Battle of James CityOpening Battle of the Bristoe Station Campaign
On October 10, 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee, anticipating an offensive that became known as the Bristoe Station Campaign, sent a division of Confederate horsemen led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart north from Madison on a raid. Confederate Gen. . . . — Map (db m4774) HM
Virginia, Newport News — Monitor – MerrimackThe Battle of the Ironclads — 1862 Peninsula Campaign
Lincoln viewed the March 8, 1862, sinking of the USS Congress and USS Cumberland as the greatest Union calamity since Bull Run. Union Secretary of War Edwin W. Stanton feared that “the CSS Virginia (Merrimack) would soon come . . . — Map (db m10347) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Gordon's Flank AttackBattle of the Wilderness
Before Sunset on May 6, 1864 From this site, you would have seen Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon quietly assembled ten regiments between here and the woods, across the lake, at Madison Cir. In those woods, Union Brig. Gen. T. Seymour had . . . — Map (db m65280) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Wilderness Battlefield MemorialRemembering Those Who Remain Long After the Battle was Over
The Battle of the Wilderness, May 5-7, 1864 resulted in almost 29,000 Union and Confederate casualties. Both armies attempted to find and bury the dead, but moved on before completing the process. Over the next few years, many dead were disinterred . . . — Map (db m103276) HM WM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — “A Wild, Wicked Roar”The Battle of the Wilderness
The arrival of Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps here along the Orange Turnpike on the morning of May 5 challenged the Union march through the Wilderness. The Federals responded with a massive attack. At midday more than 12,000 Federal . . . — Map (db m6008) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — A.P. Hill Escapes CaptureThe Battle of the Wilderness
On the morning of May 6, General A.P. Hill stretched his battle lines across the Chewning farm, closing a dangerous gap in the Confederate line. Before Hill's troops arrived, a Union regiment broke into the clearing from the east, startling the . . . — Map (db m19162) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — An Uneasy PartnershipThe Battle of the Wilderness
At the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House, Grant would not only struggle against Lee’s army, but also against the conservative, sometimes timid, methods of the Union Army of the Potomac. George G. Meade, commander of that army, . . . — Map (db m6026) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — EllwoodThe Battle of the Wilderness
“The house stands on Wilderness Run, in a lonely place about half a mile south of the Culpeper plank road; it is a good-sized farmhouse, built of wood, square, with two porticos and painted a dove color. From the apex of the roof a hospital . . . — Map (db m6121) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — First Blood in Saunders FieldThe Battle of the Wilderness
"The regiment melted away like snow. Men disappeared as if the earth had swallowed them." -Captain Porter Parley 140th New York Infantry Shortly after noon on May 5, the battleline of the 140th New York burst from the woods to your right-rear . . . — Map (db m6022) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Gordon Flank Attack TrailThe Battle of the Wilderness
In this field and its surrounding woods fell nearly one-third of the men killed or wounded in the Battle of the Wilderness. The two-mile Gordon Flank Attack Trail tracks the Battle of the Wilderness in all its horrible forms: the open-field Union . . . — Map (db m7378) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Grant Comes to VirginiaThe Battle of Fredericksburg
This short trail leads to "Grant's Knoll." For three days Gen. Ulysses S. Grant made his headquarters here, issuing orders that would determine the fate of armies and men. President Abraham Lincoln had recently appointed Grant general-in-chief over . . . — Map (db m7403) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Grant’s HeadquartersThe Battle of the Wilderness
On May 5, 1864, this knoll was bordered by a second growth of scraggly pines and scrub oak. From here Grant and Meade could see little of the battle. Instead, they relied on subordinates to keep them apprised of the situation at the front. In the . . . — Map (db m6024) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Key TerrainThe Battle of the Wilderness
The fighting in the Wilderness centered on two thoroughfares: the Orange Turnpike and the Orange Plank Road. Between them yawned a gaping void of dense trees and brush, broken only by a few fields and the track of the Parker's Store Road, still . . . — Map (db m19164) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Saunders FieldBattle of the Wilderness
"The Last crop of the old field had been corn and among its stubble that day were sown the seeds of glory." Morris Schaff, USA Staff Tucked away in the Wilderness's trackless forest were several small clearings, where families with names . . . — Map (db m19069) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Confederate LineThe Battle of the Wilderness
Dick Ewell was raring for a fight. When a subordinate approached him early on May 5, 1864, and asked Ewell about his orders, the balding, pop-eyed general piped up cheerily: "... Just the orders I like - to go right down the [turnpike] and strike . . . — Map (db m72886) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Higgerson FarmThe Battle of the Wilderness
Before you are the fields of the Higgerson Farm, one of only a few major clearings on the Wilderness Battlefield. On the afternoon of May 5, Union troops swept across this open space, bound for bewildering combat in the thickets to the north and . . . — Map (db m6038) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Mine Run CampaignThe Battle of Payne’s Farm
“The brave officers and men of this division, attacked by a greatly superior force from an admirable position, turned upon him and drove him from the field, which he left strewn with arms, artillery and infantry ammunition, his dead and . . . — Map (db m42089) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Union HeadquartersThe Battle of the Wilderness
Ellwood stood in the midst of the Wilderness, a dark, forbidding forest characterized by stunted trees and densely tangled undergrowth. When the Confederates challenged General Ulysses S. Grant’s advance through the Wilderness on May 5, 1864, the . . . — Map (db m6123) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Grant's Fourth OffensiveAugust 18-21, 1864 Battle of Weldon Railroad
Union General Ulysses S. Grant pursued a strategy of two-pronged attacks on Petersburg and the Confederate capital at Richmond. Grant first attacked Lee's positions around Richmond and struck again south of Petersburg. By the end of Grant's fourth . . . — Map (db m78098) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Lockett HouseBattle of Sailor’s Creek — Lee’s Retreat
Here, around the home of James S. Lockett, desperate fighting occurred near sundown on April 6, 1865, when the Union corps commanded by Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys almost overwhelmed Gen. John B. Gordon’s Confederate corps. The house, just across the . . . — Map (db m11804) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — Bristoe StationPreparing for Battle
As dawn broke on August 27, 1862, Stonewall Jackson moved two of his divisions up the railroad to the main Federal supply depot at Manassas Junction, leaving three brigades of Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Division as a rear guard at Bristoe. Ewell’s . . . — Map (db m59325) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — Bristoe StationBattle Along the Railroad
The devastating crossfire provided by the 60th Georgia to your right on the other side of the railroad tracks had nearly an entire Federal brigade pinned down in this field. The Georgians used the cuts and fills along the railroad as a parapet to . . . — Map (db m59402) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Broad Run — Chapman's MillHeart of the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap
Beginning late in 1861, the Confederate Subsistence Department used this mill for a meat curing and distribution center and surrounded it with livestock pens. On March 9, 1862, as the Confederate army evacuated northern Virginia to protect Richmond, . . . — Map (db m31312) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Groveton — Attack at Deep CutSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three - August 30, 1862 - 3 p.m.
Full-throated cheers greeted the order to attack. More than 6,000 Union soldiers under General Fitz John Porter poured across the road into the fields of Lucinda Dogan's farm. As the blue-clad lines traversed the open ground, a massive concentration . . . — Map (db m58856) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — "The Very Vortex of Hell"Second Battle of Manassas — Day Three - August 30, 1862 - 4:15 p.m.
From their position atop this ridge, the soldiers of the 5th New York Infantry listened to the crash of battle. It appeared the regiment had escaped combat that day. Most of the fighting raged one mile to the north near Deep Cut. Around 4 p.m. an . . . — Map (db m58858) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 13th New York InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 3:15 p.m. 1st Brigade (Roberts), First Division (Morell) Fifth Corps (Porter), Army of the Potomac, USA 13th New York Infantry ("Rochester Regiment") Col. Elisha G. Marshall "The Rebel infantry poured in their volleys, and we . . . — Map (db m18310) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 15th Alabama InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:15 p.m. Trimble's Brigade, Ewell's Division Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 15th Alabama Infantry Maj. A. A. Lowther "My position in line at this fence was in the immediate rear of Alonzo Watson. We were . . . — Map (db m39316) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 15th Alabama InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 3:15 p.m. Trimble's Brigade (Brown) Ewell's Division (Lawton) Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 15th Alabama Infantry Maj. A. A. Lowther "On the right the Federals were in an old field in plain view, and the . . . — Map (db m18360) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 1st Massachusetts InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 3:00 p.m. 1st Brigade (Grover), Second Division (Hooker) Third Corps (Heintzelman), Army of the Potomac, USA 1st Massachusetts Infantry Col. Robert Godwin “Without artillery and without supports, our men advanced. We . . . — Map (db m40535) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 21st Georgia InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:15 p.m. Trimble's Brigade, Ewell's Division Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 21st Georgia INfantry Capt. Thomas C. Glover "The fence being reached, the work of death commenced at short range. From this fence . . . — Map (db m18298) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 21st North Carolina InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:15 p.m. Trimble's Brigade, Ewell's Division Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 21st North Carolina Infantry Lt. Col. Sanders Fulton "We halted at this fence, quickly tore it down, and piled the rails in front. . . . — Map (db m39432) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 24th New York InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 3:15 p.m. 1st Brigade (Sullivan), First Division (Hatch) Third Corps (McDowell), Army of Virginia, USA 24th New York Infantry ("Oswego Regiment") Maj. Andrew Barney "Those of us on the embankment were too few to even attempt to . . . — Map (db m18317) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 26th Georgia InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:15 p.m. Lawton's Brigade, Ewell's Division Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 26th Georgia Infantry Maj. Eli S. Griffin "We were ordered in just after dark. We marched steadily across an open field for about . . . — Map (db m18358) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 2nd New Hampshire InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 3:00 p.m. 1st Brigade (Grover), Second Division (Hooker) Third Corps (Heintzelman), Army of the Potomac, USA 2nd New Hampshire Infantry Col. Gilman Marston “There was a crash of Rebel musketry, an answering roar of . . . — Map (db m40532) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 2nd Wisconsin InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:00 p.m. 4th Brigade (Gibbon), First Division (King) Third Corps (McDowell), Army of Virginia, USA 2nd Wisconsin Infantry Col. Edgar O'Conner "Rebel infantry poured from the woods by the thousands. We were precisely on the . . . — Map (db m8467) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 45th Georgia InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 3:00 p.m. Thomas’ Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 45th Georgia Infantry Maj. W. L. Rice “General Hill had sent a courier previously for us to get out but we failed to get . . . — Map (db m40525) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 49th Georgia InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 3:00 p.m. Thomas’ Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 49th Georgia Infantry Lt. Col. S. M. Manning “The enemy made a dash at our brigade, about 1500 strong, and broke our . . . — Map (db m40553) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 63rd Pennsylvania InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 5:30 p.m. 1st Brigade (Robinson), First Division (Kearny) Third Corps (Heintzelman), Army of the Potomac, USA 63rd Pennsylvania Infantry Col. Alexander Hays “As the word “Charge!” rang out, we dashed forward . . . — Map (db m40530) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 6th Wisconsin InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:00 p.m. 4th Brigade (Gibbon), First Division (King) Third Corps (McDowell), Army of Virginia, USA 6th Wisconsin Infantry Col. Lysander Cutler "When at short range, Colonel Cutler ordered the regiment to halt and fire. We were . . . — Map (db m39317) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 76th New York InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:15 p.m. 2nd Brigade (Doubleday), First Division (King) Third Corps (McDowell), Army of Virginia, USA 76th New York Infantry ("Cortland County Regiment") Col. W.P. Wainwright "Waving their colors defiantly, the rebels advanced . . . — Map (db m18278) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 7th Wisconsin InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 7:00 p.m. 4th Brigade (Gibbon), First Division (King) Third Corps (McDowell), Army of Virginia, USA 7th Wisconsin Infantry Col. William W. Robinson "We soon found that we had to deal with General Ewell's whole division of . . . — Map (db m39372) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 83rd Pennsylvania InfantrySecond Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 3:30 p.m. 3rd Brigade (Butterfield), First Division (Morell) Fifth Corps (Porter), Army of the Potomac, USA 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry Capt. Thomas F. McCoy "The whole brigade went back pell mell together. It is probable that . . . — Map (db m18314) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — A Stand Up FightSecond Battle of Manassas — Day One - August 28, 1862 - Nightfall
Union Brig. Gen. John Gibbon advanced through the woods with his men intent on driving off the Confederate artillery. Discovering Stonewall Jackson's infantry in force and "...finding that the regiment had become badly involved I ordered the . . . — Map (db m58808) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Archer’s BrigadeSecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 5:30 p.m. A.P. Hill’s Division, Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA Archer's Brigade Brig. Gen. James J. Archer 1st Tennessee 19th Georgia 7th Tennessee 5th Alabama Battalion 14th Tennessee “As my leading . . . — Map (db m40523) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Artillery DuelFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 2 p.m.
General Irvin McDowell felt confident that victory was at hand. The Federal flanking column had marched around and behind the Confederate defenses along Bull Run. Nearly 18,000 troops were at, or en route, to the front. Confederate resistance on . . . — Map (db m90819) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Battery HeightsSecond Battle of Manassas — Day One - August 28, 1862 - 6:30 p.m.
As General Rufus King's Union division marched eastward along the Warrenton Turnpike (U.S. Route 29 today), they came under fire from Confederate artillery on the distant ridge. Captain Joseph Campbell's Battery B, 4th U.S. Artillery wheeled off the . . . — Map (db m58895) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Blocking the Union AdvanceFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 10:30 a.m.
After Departing their position near the Stone Bridge, Confederate troops under Colonel Nathan Evans deployed on this ground to intercept the enemy flanking column advancing southward on the Sudley Road. Knowing they were outnumbered, their only hope . . . — Map (db m101452) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Cavalry ClashSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three - August 30, 1862 - 6 p.m.
As fighting stalled along Sudley Road, Union and Confederate cavalry partook in the final drama of the battle here on the grounds of Portici. Southern horsemen attempted to dash behind the Union army and cut their escape route. Anticipating this . . . — Map (db m59008) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Chinn RidgeSecond Battle of Manassas - Day Three — August 30, 1862
The massive Confederate counterattack appeared unstoppable. General James Longstreet’s wing of the army – upwards of 28,000 troops – steadily pushed east toward Henry Hill. If the Confederates occupied that plateau, ironically the same . . . — Map (db m88714) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Church During WartimeFirst Battle of Manassas
People were on their way to worship—some already in the church yard—when thousands of Federal soldiers suddenly appeared marching south Sudley Road. Within minutes the sound of gunfire came from the direction of Matthews Hill. As wounded . . . — Map (db m878) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Company B, 4th U.S. ArtillerySecond Battle of Manassas
August 28, 1862 6:30 p.m. 1st Division (King), Third Corps (McDowell), Army of Virginia, USA Company B, 4th U.S. Artillery Capt. Joseph B. Campbell Six 12-pounder Napoleons "Campbell's pieces came up on the gallop, these fences along the pike . . . — Map (db m17476) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Confederate CounterattackSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three - August 30, 1862 - 4 p.m.
Generals Robert E. Lee and James Longstreet both concluded the moment had arrived to launch a massive Confederate offensive at Second Manassas. Longstreet's wing of the army - nearly 30,000 troops - stood primed to sweep forward and sever the Union . . . — Map (db m58861) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Confederate HeadquartersFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861
Portici made an idea headquarters for Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston. From here he had a commanding view of the main roads and surrounding countryside. Throughout the day Confederate regiments passed through the Lewis property en route to . . . — Map (db m59007) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Confederates RallyFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 12:30 p.m.
Many Confederates felt they had lost the battle - perhaps the war. At that moment Generals Johnston and P.G.T Beauregard arrived on Henry Hill and began to rally the scattered regiments. The fugitives started to reform behind fresh reinforcements . . . — Map (db m101441) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Defeat and DisarrayFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 5 p.m.
By day's end the Confederates held Henry Hill, capturing eight of the eleven Union cannon brought atop this plateau. Rebel reinforcements extended the battle lines across Sudley Road to neighboring Chinn Ridge (one-half mile ahead of you). Federal . . . — Map (db m89201) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Defending the CannonSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three August 30, 1862 5:30 p.m.
As the Ohioans strived to delay the Confederates, Federal reinforcements rushed to Chinn Ridge in support. With these troops came the 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery, under the temporary command of Lt. William F. Twitchell. The five guns . . . — Map (db m94600) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Dying in LineSecond Battle of Manassas — Day One - August 28, 1862
At Brawner Farm there was little maneuvering. Union and Confederate infantry stood in parade-style lines fifty yards apart. At that range they could not miss. The soldiers fired volley after volley for two hours, with only a few fence rails and ruts . . . — Map (db m8402) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Farm FordFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 - 11 a.m.
Colonel William T. Sherman spent the morning searching for a location suitable for his brigade to cross Bull Run. He ruled out the Stone Bridge - its narrow span stood too exposed, and rumors circulated that the bridge was mined. Turning his . . . — Map (db m63040) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Fight at the Fence LineSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three August 30, 1862 4:30 p.m.
Colonel Nathaniel McLean braced his men for the coming onslaught. The Union officer, a civilian attorney with no prewar military background, commanded 1,200 Ohioans on Chinn Ridge. The ground directly in front of his brigade was open at the time of . . . — Map (db m94597) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Final StruggleFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 3 - 4 p.m.
Up the slope marched Federal troops, determined to retake the cannons lost moments earlier. The bodies of slain artillerists and infantrymen littered the landscape. The Yankees recaptured Griffin's two guns and attempted to drag the two pieces to . . . — Map (db m89145) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — First ContactFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 - 10 a.m.
The head of General Irvin McDowell's flanking column reached Matthews Hill shortly after 10 a.m. Progress had been slow. The rookie soldiers frequently broke ranks to rest. Some stopped to pick blackberries. More than 13,000 Union troops lagged . . . — Map (db m58975) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Fourth BrigadeSecond Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 3:15 p.m. Jackson's Division (Starke), Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virgina, CSA Fourth Brigade Col. Leroy A. Stafford 1st Louisiana 10th Louisiana 2nd Louisiana 15th Louisiana 9th Louisiana Coppens' Battalion "The . . . — Map (db m18333) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Gregg’s BrigadeSecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 5:30 p.m. A.P. Hill’s Division, Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA Gregg's Brigade Brig. Gen. Maxcy Gregg 1st South Carolina 12th South Carolina 1st South Carolina Rifles 13th South Carolina 14th South Carolina . . . — Map (db m40563) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Grover’s Attack ▪ Union Bayonet ChargeSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Two, August 29, 1862
Grover’s troops waited for the Rebels to fire, then charged up the ten-foot embankment. With no time to reload, Confederates were caught hugging the rear slope. The charging Federals stabbed with bayonets, crushed skulls with musket butts, and broke . . . — Map (db m40570) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Henry HillFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861
Today's serene and peaceful fields belie the carnage that occurred here on July 21, 1861, when Union and Confederate troops clashed at the first major land battle of the Civil War - the First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run). The Heaviest and most . . . — Map (db m90820) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Henry Hill Walking TourRetracing the Battle — First Battle of Manassas
On the tour route you follow in the footsteps of charging Union and Confederate troops, and stand where they loaded cannon or braced for a bayonet assault. Terrain and tree lines have changed little since that day. As you walk imagine deafening . . . — Map (db m8270) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Jackson Opens FireSecond Battle of Manassas — Day One, August 28, 1862, 6 p.m.
"My command was advanced...until it reached a commanding position near Brawner's house. By this time it was sunset; but as [the Union] column appeared to be moving by, with its flank exposed, I determined to attack at once." Observing a column . . . — Map (db m45952) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Jackson StrikesBrawner Farm: The Battle Begins — Second Battle of Manassas - Day One - August 28, 1862
Union troops were approaching from the west, raising a long cloud of dust on Warrenton Pike. They did not suspect any Confederate infantry in the area and paid little attention to a lone cavalryman trotting back and forth along this ridge. The . . . — Map (db m8458) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Like a StonewallFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 2 p.m.
Confederate reinforcements deployed into battle line at the edge of the woods behind you. Anchoring the center of this new position stood a brigade of Virginians — 2,500 strong — under the command of General Thomas J. Jackson. When told . . . — Map (db m89242) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — On the Skirmish LineSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three - August 30, 1862 - 2:30 p.m.
Thirty minutes before the main assault, Colonel Hiram Berdan's 1st U.S. Sharpshooters clambered over the fence along the Groveton-Sudley Road and dashed into the open pasture. The skilled marksmen kept up a steady fire with their breech-loading . . . — Map (db m58853) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Opening ShotsFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 6 a.m.
From this ridge, Colonel Nathan G. Evans stood watch over the Stone Bridge, prepared to contest Union efforts to cross Bull Run. His brigade of 1,100 Confederates anchored the left flank of a seven mile defensive line guarding Manassas Junction. At . . . — Map (db m94610) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Outnumbered: The Stand in Robinson LaneFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 12 p.m.
Colonel Wade Hampton's infantry occupied the Warrenton Turnpike in front of the Robinson farm as the Confederate position on Matthews Hill collapsed. Having arrived at Manassas Junction earlier that morning after a 30-hour train ride from Richmond, . . . — Map (db m101443) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Point Blank VolleyFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 2:45 p.m.
Captain Charles Griffin's cannon, a section of Battery D, 5th U.S. Artillery, fired only two rounds when an unidentified line of infantry approached from the fence ahead. Who were they? Griffin proclaimed them the enemy. His commanding officer, the . . . — Map (db m89204) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Retreat from Chinn RidgeFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 4:30 p.m.
Colonel Oliver O. Howard's brigade brought up the rear of the Federal flanking column. After crossing Bull Run, the New Englanders hastened towards the sounds of battle. In the mid-afternoon heat, dozens of men straggled on the march or collapsed by . . . — Map (db m94606) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Second BrigadeSecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 5:45 p.m. 1st Division (Stevens), Ninth Corps (Reno) Army of the Potomac, USA Second Brigade Col. Daniel Leasure “As we approached, we poured a well directed fire upon the enemy. Our line charged, and as the enemy . . . — Map (db m40527) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Second BrigadeSecond Battle of Manassas
August 29, 1862 5:30 p.m. 2nd Brigade (Birney), First Division (Kearny) Third Corps (Heintzelman), Army of the Potomac, USA 4th Maine Infantry Col. Elijah Walker 40th New York Infantry Col. Thomas W. Egan 101st New York Infantry Col. . . . — Map (db m40556) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Second BrigadeSecond Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 3:15 p.m. Jackson's Division (Starke), Left Wing (Jackson) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA Second Brigade Col. Bradley T. Johnson 21st Virginia 48th Virginia 42nd Virginia 1st Virginia Battalion "We were fighting now as I never . . . — Map (db m18306) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Shooting GallerySecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three - August 30, 1862 - 3 p.m.
On the morning of August 30, 1862, Confederate Col. Stephen D. Lee deployed 18 guns from his artillery battalion along this commanding ridge. Additional cannon, under Maj. Lindsey M. Shumaker, unlimbered to his left. The artillery linked the two . . . — Map (db m58863) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Sudley Springs FordFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 - 9:30 a.m.
Soon after crossing Bull Run, the Union flanking column splashed across Catharpin Run here at Sudley Springs Ford. More than 13,000 soldiers passed this spot over a six-hour period. The lengthy march over dusty roads had taken its toll. Exhausted . . . — Map (db m62053) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Arrival of Jefferson DavisFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 6 p.m.
In frantic suspense, Confederate President Jefferson Davis found it impossible to remain in Richmond. He secured a special train to Manassas Junction and then proceeded to the battlefield on horseback. As he approached Portici, the president learned . . . — Map (db m101446) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Battle BeginsSecond Battle of Manassas — Day One - August 28, 1862 - 6 p.m.
Late on the afternoon of August 28, Brig. Gen. Rufus King's division proceeded east towards Centreville. They marched in search of the elusive "Stonewall" Jackson, who was operating behind Union lines with half the Confederate army. As the head of . . . — Map (db m58797) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Fight for Matthews HillFirst Battle of Mantissas — July 21, 1861 10 a.m.
Fighting opened here on Matthews Hill as Colonel Ambrose Burnside's brigade, leading the Union flanking column, collided with Confederates. Six James Rifles of the 2nd Rhode Island Battery established an advantageous position on the crest while . . . — Map (db m101451) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Rock FightSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three August 30, 1862 3:30 p.m.
Yankees were pinned down on the far side of the embankment only yards away. After twenty minutes of continuous shooting, Confederates here were running out of ammunition. Frantically, they searched their dead and wounded comrades for cartridges. . . . — Map (db m90889) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Rock FightSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three, August 30, 1862
Yankees were pinned down on the far side of the embankment, only ten yards away. After twenty minutes of continuous shooting, Confederates here were running out of ammunition. Frantically, they searched their dead and wounded comrades for . . . — Map (db m903) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Turning the TideFirst Battle of Manassas — July 21, 1861 2:30 p.m.
The Confederate army had been fighting for time. Efforts to delay the enemy's advance bought that time in blood — essential hours that allowed Southern reinforcements to reach the battlefield. Many regiments marched up from defensive positions . . . — Map (db m89220) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Twilight ClashSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Two August 29, 1862 7 p.m.
With his army reunited, Confederate General Robert E. Lee looked for an opportunity to strike the enemy. Lee proposed attacking the Federal left flank, which lay south of the Warrenton Turnpike. With evening drawing on, General James Longstret . . . — Map (db m94607) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Visions of VictorySecond Battle of Manassas — Day Two August 29, 1862
The opening fight at Brawner Farm revealed Stonewall Jackson's position north of Groveton. In response, General John Pope ordered his entire force - nearly 65,000 Federal Troops - to converge on the Confederates and bring them to battle. This . . . — Map (db m89980) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — “Good-bye, Lieutenant, I am killed.”Woodson’s Missouri Cavalry in the Battle of New Market
In front of you is one of only two monuments erected by veterans of the battle. This one was placed by members of Woodson’s Company of Missouri Cavalry. The unit followed perhaps the strangest path to this field of conflict. Captured in Mississippi . . . — Map (db m13197) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Baptism of FireVMI Cadet Casualties in the Battle of New Market
While the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute comprised one of the smallest Confederate units engaged in the Battle of New Market, they paid a disproportionately high price in their baptism of fire. Nearly one in four of the cadets were either . . . — Map (db m13186) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Hupp's HillThe Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm — 1864 Valley Campaign
During mid-October 1864, Union Gen. Philip Sheridan's army was camped along the north bank of Cedar Creek, confident his Valley campaign had successfully ended following smashing victories at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Toms Brook. But the . . . — Map (db m3045) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — A Missed OpportunityThe Battle of Chancellorsville
The morning of May 3d found the Confederate army heavily outnumbered and dangerously divided. "Stonewall" Jackson's flank attack the evening before had staggered the Union army but had not irretrievably damaged it. As the day broke, Jackson's corps, . . . — Map (db m19165) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Birthplace of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873)The Battle of Chancellorsville
This jumble of bricks and stones tucked deep within Spotsylvania's Wilderness marks the birthplace of Matthew Fontaine Maury, the "Pathfinder of the Seas." All but forgotten now, Maury was a legend during his lifetime. While superintendent of the . . . — Map (db m21934) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Maury House TrailThe Battle of Chancellorsville
This short trail leads to the birthplace of Matthew Fontaine Maury, one of America's greatest scientists. By the time of the Civil War, Maury's birthplace was gone, replaced by a simple brick house. Few of the 28,000 Confederate soldiers who . . . — Map (db m21933) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — McLaws TrailThe Battle of Fredericksburg
This trail will take you across the swampy headwaters of Ninemile Run, where for three days Confederate skirmishers of General Lafayette McLaws' division sparred with elements of Joseph Hooker's Union army. McLaws' spirited attacks fixed Hooker's . . . — Map (db m25644) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Memorializing Jackson's DeathThe Battle of Chancellorsville
Of his soldiers he was the idol; of his country he was the hope; of war he was the master. Senator John Warwick Daniel When General "Stonewall" Jackson died eight days after being wounded in these woods, shock waves rippled through the . . . — Map (db m19166) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — The Union CenterThe Battle of Chancellorsville
Upon reaching Chancellorsville on April 30, 1863, General Joseph Hooker deployed the Army of the Potomac in a defensive perimeter around the intersection. General Henry W. Slocum's Twelfth Corps held the center of the Union line. For three days his . . . — Map (db m21931) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Five Mile Fork — Confederate Defense Turns to OffenseBattle of Chancellorsville - 1863
Confronted by overwhelming numbers, Confederate forces fell back from Chancellorsville (three and a half miles in front of you) and established a defensive position here on April 30. General Robert E. Lee instructed Richard H. Anderson, who . . . — Map (db m7532) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Five Mile Fork — EarthworksBattle of Chancellorsville - 1863
"We were digging and fortifying all night." Charles E. DeNoon, Mahone's Brigade Civil War earthworks, sometimes referred to as breastworks, were built in a fashion much different than modern military trenches. Soldiers started at . . . — Map (db m7530) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Five Mile Fork — McCarty FarmBattle of Chancellorsville - 1863
Behind you, on the Orange Turnpike, stood the home of Frances McCarty. In 1860, Frances lived here with three members of her family. She owned 120 acres, three slaves, and scratched out a living as a farmer. Like so many residents of Sptosylvania . . . — Map (db m7531) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Five Mile Fork — Opening of the CampaignBattle of Chancellorsville - 1863
Following its defeat at Fredericksburg in December 1862, the Union Army of the Potomac spent the winter in Stafford County. Across the Rappahannock River, Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia kept a defensive position that covered a 25-mile . . . — Map (db m7535) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Five Mile Fork — Roads Through the BattlefieldBattle of Chancellorsville - 1863
Today, much like it was in the nineteenth century, Spotsylvania County contains very few east-west roads. The few that exist, such as Route 3 before you, are heavily used and follow the same routes as their antebellum predecessors. The first . . . — Map (db m7533) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Bernard's CabinsThe Battle of Fredericksburg
On this knoll stood Bernard's Cabins, a small community that in 1860 was home to about three dozen slaves. The complex consisted of three two-room cabins, a stone-lined well, and perhaps two additional buildings. This was only one of several such . . . — Map (db m7973) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Confederate EarthworksThe Battle of Fredericksburg
Twisting through the woods one hundred yards ahead of you are two well-preserved lines of earthworks constructed by Confederate forces in the winter of 1862-1863. General Robert E. Lee had ordered his troops to build the trenches in anticipation of . . . — Map (db m19313) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Dead Horse HillThe Battle of Fredericksburg
The crescent-shaped earthworks in front of you protected the 14 guns of Lieutenant Colonel Reuben Lindsey Walker's artillery battalion, which held this position on December 13, 1862. Prior to the assault of Union infantry, artillery blanketed this . . . — Map (db m21901) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Engines of DestructionThe Battle of Fredericksburg
On December 13, 1862, nine Confederate cannon on this knoll helped repulse one of two major Union attacks against Jackson's front. At noon, Union infantry crashed into the Confederate infantry line to your right-front. Captain Greenlee Davidson's . . . — Map (db m7975) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Hamilton's CrossingThe Battle of Fredericksburg
This footpath leads to the site of Hamilton's Crossing, a critical supply base for Confederate troops camped near Fredericksburg during the winter of 1862-63. Prior to the Civil War, Hamilton's Crossing had been merely a flag-stop on the Richmond, . . . — Map (db m21797) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Jackson Holds Prospect HillThe Battle of Fredericksburg
You are standing on the right of the Confederate army, held by Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's corps on December 13, 1862. His 35,000 troops spread along a mile front - some in the woods, some in fields, some on ridgetops, some in swampy bottoms. In . . . — Map (db m21916) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — Riverside Plantation: MannsfieldThe Battle of Fredericksburg
In 1862, the patterns of forest and field in this area reflected historic uses of local farmers. The woods around you were in fact a working part of the Mannsfield Plantation, owned by Arthur Bernard. They provided timber for construction, wood for . . . — Map (db m21771) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — The Gallant PelhamThe Battle of Fredericksburg
Young, handsome, and modest, Major John Pelham was one of the most popular men in the Confederate army. He was also one of its premier artillerists. Time and again the twenty-four-year-old officer had engaged the enemy at close quarters, earning the . . . — Map (db m19314) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — The Meade PyramidThe Battle of Fredericksburg
Usually thought of as a Union monument, the large pyramid in front of you was in fact erected by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society. In 1897, the society contacted Virginia railroad executives asking them to erect markers at historically . . . — Map (db m7977) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — The Slaughter Pen FarmWhere the Battle of Fredericksburg Was Decided — Civil War Preservation Trust
As hard as it is to believe, the beautiful and historic landscape you see before you was once on the verge of being bulldozed for an industrial park. It was here, on December 13, 1862, that Union forces nearly broke through Confederate lines and . . . — Map (db m21113) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — The Winter LineThe Battle of Fredericksburg
The months following the Battle of Fredericksburg brought a temporary halt to the fighting in Virginia, but not to the digging. Throughout the winter of 1862-1863 Confederate troops constructed nearly thirty miles of earthworks along the south bank . . . — Map (db m19315) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Locust Grove — The Chewning FarmThe Battle of the Wilderness
On the ridge ahead of you stood the Chewning house, an important landmark on the Wilderness Battlefield. Sixty-nine-year-old William V. Chewning scratched out a living on this 150-acre farm during the war with the help of his wife Permelia and their . . . — Map (db m7454) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — "If It Takes All Summer"The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
While the May 12 combat at the Bloody Angle marked the height of the Spotsylvania fighting, it was not the end of it. For nine more days, the Army of the Potomac hovered around the village, looking for opportunities to strike. Finding Lee heavily . . . — Map (db m66237) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — "The Toughest Fight Yet"The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Artist Alfred R. Waud sketched these Union soldiers under fire here on May 12, 1864. Lee’s counterattacks had driven the Union troops out of the Muleshoe, and here they are shown under cover on the outside of the Confederate trenches. Waud’s . . . — Map (db m66225) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — AftermathThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
At 2 a.m. on May 13, 1864, General Lee declared a new line of works a half mile behind you ready, and the Confederate troops in the trenches here quietly withdrew. They had bought the Confederacy what it most needed that day: time. But every minute . . . — Map (db m66230) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Attack on the MuleshoeThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Like Lee, General Ulysses S. Grant recognized the Muleshoe’s weakness and made plans to exploit it. On May 12, just after dawn, 20,000 men of General Winfield S. Hancock’s Second Corps stormed across the field in front of you—from left to . . . — Map (db m66223) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Bloody Angle, Crowded RavineThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Fighting at the Muleshoe Salient focused on a slight turn in the Confederate earthworks, to your right-front, known as the “Bloody Angle.” The Angle occupied a small knoll that commanded adjacent parts of the Confederate line. Whoever . . . — Map (db m66224) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Burying the DeadThe Battle of the Wilderness
At battles end, more than 2,000 Union dead lay scattered through the Wilderness. The first major effort to bury the dead came more than a year later, when a Union regiment received orders to proceed to the Wilderness and inter those Union soldiers . . . — Map (db m5443) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Confederate CounterattackThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Confederate General Richard S. Ewell responded quickly to Upton’s breakthrough at Dole’s Salient. Wading into the melee, he shouted to the outnumbered defenders: “Don’t run, boys. I will have enough men here in five minutes to eat up every . . . — Map (db m66232) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Containing the Enemy, Reclaiming the WorksThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
The trenches in front of you belonged to General James H. Lane’s North Carolina brigade. Shortly after dawn, May 12, Union forces captured the East Angle, one-half mile behind you, and bore down on Lane’s men in this part of the Muleshoe Salient. . . . — Map (db m66233) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Crisis in Tapp FieldBattle of the Wilderness
Here on the morning of May 6, 1864, Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his army faced perhaps their greatest crisis. Soon after dawn, hundreds of disorganized Confederates tumbled from the woods to your left, driven by a powerful Union assault. . . . — Map (db m6058) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Dawn AssaultThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
In the dank, pre-dawn light of May 12, 1864, Confederates huddled along these muddy works could hear the rumble of Union troops coming toward them. Moments later the first of 20,000 Union soldiers poured over the works like a wave, engaging . . . — Map (db m66227) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Echoes HomewardThe Battle of the Wilderness
Once schoolmates, friends, and neighbors, they came here as soldiers from Yorkville, South Carolina; Pen Yan, New York; Clarksville, Virginia; Barre, Vermont; and a hundred other towns, North and South. Their deaths in these woods on May 5 and 6, . . . — Map (db m7526) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Fatal Mistake at the East AngleThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
The sharp turn in the Confederate works here is called the “East Angle.” It marks the apex of the Muleshoe Salient and was one of the most vulnerable points on Lee’s line. Lee fortified the place heavily and placed upwards of 30 cannon . . . — Map (db m66226) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Flank Attack!The Battle of the Wilderness
These woods saw some of the heaviest fighting of the Battle of the Wilderness. On May 5, then again on May 6, 1864 ragged Union and Confederate battle lines surged back and forth on both sides of the Orange Plank Road. The stalemate here finally . . . — Map (db m5390) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Hell ItselfThe Battle of the Wilderness
The Wilderness of today looks different than it did in 1864. Then it was a patchwork of second-growth forest. Brush obscured, briars grabbed, and thickets disrupted the battle lines. One solder described the combat here as "bushwhacking...on a grand . . . — Map (db m7516) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Heth’s SalientThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
With the fighting at the Bloody Angle at an impasse, Grant and Lee looked elsewhere for opportunities to attack. Coincidentally, both men turned their attention to Heth’s Salient, here on the eastern face of the Muleshoe. Grant sought a weak point . . . — Map (db m66235) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Horror on the Orange Plank RoadThe Battle of the Wilderness
Some of the Civil War's heaviest fighting occurred along the Orange Plank Road on May 5 and 6, 1864. One of two major roads passing through the Wilderness, the Plank Road became a magnet for both armies as they struggled to maneuver through the . . . — Map (db m4968) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Jackson AttacksThe Battle of Chancellorsville
"You can go forward then." With those words "Stonewall" Jackson unleashed one of the most famous and successful attacks of the Civil War. On the afternoon of May 2, 1862, Jackson led 30,000 men of his Second Corps to a point just beyond the Union . . . — Map (db m3941) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Laurel HillThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
[The] Federal assaults were not only easily repulsed, but the forces making them were simply slaughtered. Private John Coxe, 2nd South Carolina Infantry Before you lies Laurel Hill, one of the most important but least understood areas . . . — Map (db m66219) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Longstreet FelledThe Battle of the Wilderness
It was the most successful day of James Longstreet’s career. He had arrived on the Wilderness battlefield early in the day to find the Confederate army in full retreat and in danger of being destroyed. His troops had prevented disaster. Now, at . . . — Map (db m5392) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — No Turning BackThe Battle of the Wilderness
When the armies departed the Wilderness, they left behind a disfigured landscape. Trenches twisted like earthen snakes through the woods, and blackened leaves marked the paths of fires. Along the Brock Road, noted one soldier, trees "were scarred by . . . — Map (db m4966) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — On to Richmond!The Battle of the Wilderness
Before the Wilderness, battlefield stalemate meant retreat by one side or the other - a return to the starting point to try again another day. But not here. Union General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant rendered stalemate in the Wilderness irrelevant. On . . . — Map (db m4967) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Ordeal of the WellfordsThe Battle of Chancellorsville
In December 1862 the Wellford family fled Fredericksburg to escape the ravages of battle. Five months later war found them again - here, in a commodious brick home that stood in the field in front of you. On April 30, Union troops arrived. "About 20 . . . — Map (db m3919) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Pressing the AttackThe Battle of Chancellorsville
That evening, as the fighting subsided, Confederate officers reassembled their commands in the clearing surrounding Wilderness Church, one-half mile in front of you. The attack had taken a heavy toll on the army's organization. Units had become . . . — Map (db m3938) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Rearguard ActionThe Battle of Fredericksburg
On May 2, 1863, as the tail end of Stonewall Jackson's flanking column neared the Wellford place, Union infantry launched an attack. They struck Jackson's rearguard (the 23rd Georgia) a half-mile to the north, at Catharine Furnace. From there, they . . . — Map (db m11432) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Seeing the ElephantThe 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery at Harris Farm — Harris Farm Battlefield Civil War Site
Union heavy artillery regiments serving as infantry shouldered the brunt of the fighting at Harris Farm. The "Heavies," as the members of the heavy artillery units were called, had been pulled from forts protecting Washington, D.C., to make up for . . . — Map (db m81309) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Struggle for the Bloody AngleThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
For 22 hours combat raged on the landscape in front of you. Although the fighting extended for half a mile, the battle focused on (and became identified with) a slight bend in the Confederate lines known thereafter as the Bloody Angle. The fighting . . . — Map (db m66228) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Battle of Harris FarmFinal Battle Around Spotsylvania Court House — Harris Farm Battlefield Civil War Site
From May 8-18, 1864, Union troops battered Gen. Robert E. Lee's lines at Spotsylvania Court House. Unable to defeat the Confederates by direct assault, Union commander Ulysses S. Grant determined to head south, drawing Lee out of his Spotsylvania . . . — Map (db m9046) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The ClimaxThe Battle of the Wilderness
The Battle of the Wilderness climaxed here in the twilight of May 6, 1864. After a day of seesaw fighting in the woods behind you, the Confederates mounted a final effort to take the Plank Road-Brock Road intersection, 100 yards to your left. . . . — Map (db m7529) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Confederate EarthworksThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
These modest mounds are all that remain of the Muleshoe Salient’s once-formidable earthworks. Begun by the Confederates on the night of May 8, the works were four feet high, with a two-foot-deep trench. Dirt from the trench was thrown against the . . . — Map (db m66229) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Death of SedgwickThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Sedgwick was essentially a soldier. He had never married; the camp was his home, and the members of his staff were his family. He was always spoken of familiarly as “Uncle John,” and the news of his death fell upon his comrades with . . . — Map (db m66217) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Flying DutchmenThe Battle of Chancellorsville
The target of Jackson's attack was General Oliver O. Howard's Eleventh Corps, which extended for more than a mile along the Orange Turnpike. The Eleventh Corps was relatively new to the Army of the Potomac. Its 11,000 men included a large percentage . . . — Map (db m3939) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Fredericksburg RoadThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
The Fredericksburg Road, on your left, was the Army of the Potomac’s main line of supply during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. Each day hundreds of wagons lumbered down the road, bringing tons of food, arms, and ammunition to the insatiable . . . — Map (db m66236) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Muleshoe SalientThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
One hundred and fifty yards ahead of you is the Bloody Angle, perhaps the most hallowed site on any Civil War battlefield. The Bloody Angle is a small bend in the Confederate works within the much larger Muleshoe Salient, a huge outward bulge in the . . . — Map (db m66222) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Ninth CorpsThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
To support Hancock’s May 12 assault at the East Angle, Grant ordered General Ambrose E. Burnside’s Ninth Corps to attack the Muleshoe Salient here along its eastern face. Shouldering their way through wet woods, Burnside’s men reached this spot . . . — Map (db m66234) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Race for Spotsylvania Court HouseThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
On the 8th of May we had the hardest march of the war….as we neared Spottsylvania the rattling of musketry told us too plainly our day’s trials were not over…. Sergeant James M. Thompson 6th Alabama Infantry After two days of . . . — Map (db m66218) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Upton’s AssaultThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Just before 6 p.m. on May 10, 1864, 5,000 Union soldiers led by Colonel Emory Upton—formed in deep masses rather than traditional battle lines—emerged from the woods ahead of you and dashed across this field. They reached the main . . . — Map (db m66231) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Upton’s TrailThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
By the night of May 8, the Confederate army was in firm possession of Spotsylvania Court House. With Lee entrenching, Grant looked for opportunities to attack. Reports from the front indicated that the Confederates were in force on both their left . . . — Map (db m66221) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Valuable CrossroadsBattle of the Wilderness
Just after noon on May 5, 1864, Union troops raced toward this intersection. With Confederates from General A.P. Hill's corps sweeping down the Orange Plank Road from the west, blue-clad troops under George W. Getty arrived here just moments before . . . — Map (db m4969) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Warren's LineThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Following its failure to take Laurel Hill on May 8, 1864, General Gouverneur K. Warren's Fifth Corps entrenched here. This crescent-shape work protected two Union cannons. Warren's line extended from the Po River, one mile to your right, to the . . . — Map (db m72888) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Widow Tapp’s FieldBattle of the Wilderness
Few families of modest means became so famous. In this field lived widow Catherine Tapp, who with other family members eked out an existence from the poor soil. The Tapps occupied a lopsided log cabin about 300 yards in front of you – seven . . . — Map (db m6057) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Belle BoydJackson Prepares for Battle — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Early in the warm afternoon, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and Gen. Richard S. Ewell and their staffs stopped here at the head of Jackson’s army. As the two commanders studied the ground leading to Front Royal, Capt. Henry Kyd . . . — Map (db m3649) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Front RoyalBattle of Front Royal — 1862 Valley Campaign
On May 23, 1862, Front Royal was occupied by 1000 Federal troops (1st Maryland Infantry, 29th Pennsylvania and a battery of Knap’s Artillery) under the command of Col. J. R. Kenley In the early afternoon Confederate Gen. T. J. . . . — Map (db m2439) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Prospect Hill CemeteryJackson Prepares for Battle — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Devoid of trees in 1862, this hill afforded Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's troops their first good look at Front Royal and the deployments of the Union garrison here. Approaching from the south on the Gooney Manor Road (now Browntown Road), . . . — Map (db m2959) HM
West Virginia (Greenbrier County), Lewisburg — LewisburgThe Battle of Lewisburg
The Battle of Lewisburg was fought on May 23, 1862, between the Southern forces of General Henry A. Heth and the Northern forces of Colonel George Crook, later famous as the captor of Geronimo. The inhabitants of Lewisburg, Virginia, a peaceful town . . . — Map (db m21738) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Kesslers Cross Lanes"Battle of Knives and Forks"
In 1861, both Union and Confederate forces vied for control of Western Virginia. By July, Union Gen. Jacob D. Cox had driven Confederate Gen. Henry A Wise’s army out of the Kanawha Valley and was advancing east on the James River and Kanawha . . . — Map (db m59197) HM
West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The Siege of Fort HenryThe Last Battle of the American Revolution
. . . — Map (db m71096) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp BartowBattle of Greenbrier River — The First Campaign
In August 1861, Confederate soldiers under Gen. Henry R. Jackson of Georgia erected Camp Bartow here. Fortifications on these hills guarded a disputed "middle ground" between Union and Confederate forces on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. The . . . — Map (db m34168) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Union CampPrelude to Battle of Droop Mountain
On November 5, 1863, Union Gen. William W. Averell established his command post and camp on the wide plain in front of you known as the Little Levels. Averell came here with his combined force of infantry and cavalry while conducting a raid on the . . . — Map (db m59356) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Huttonsville — HuttonsvilleOn the Eve of Battle — Jones-Imboden Raid
(Preface): On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they . . . — Map (db m59357) HM
Wisconsin (Sawyer County), Winter — 316 — John F. Deitz"Battle of Cameron Dam"
In 1904, John F. Deitz and his family purchased a farmstead on the Thornapple River about 2 miles south of here. Deitz soon discovered that Cameron Dam -- one of many logging dams on this important tributary of the Chippewa River -- lay on his . . . — Map (db m47454) HM
Wyoming (Big Horn County), Shell — Wildfire!
Fire has a number of beneficial effects. It eliminates diseased and dying trees, recycles nutrients back into the soil, and starts the cycle of growth again by allowing sunlight to reach the ground, stimulating the growth of grass. The Forest . . . — Map (db m88171) HM

Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(Left Side): The Third Battle of Winchester - September 19, 1864 Bloodiest Battle of the Shenandoah Valley Gen. Jubal Early assuming that Gen. Phil Sheridan was yet another cautious Union commander, divided his roughly 14,000 troops on a . . . — Map (db m3194) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(Left Side): The Third Battle of Winchester - September 19, 1864 Bloodiest Battle of the Shenandoah Valley Gen. Jubal Early assuming that Gen. Phil Sheridan was yet another cautious Union commander, divided his roughly 14,000 troops on a . . . — Map (db m3090) HM

Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — The Battle of Black Jack
(Left marker):The Battle of Black Jack "Civil War in Kansas!" "Let not the knives of pro-slavery men be sheathed while there is one abolitionist in the Territory." Squatter, Sovereign, proslavery newspaper in Atchison, Kansas Territory, . . . — Map (db m20051) HM

Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Civil War1861-1865
In 1861, following years of increasing hostility over the issues of slavery and states' rights, slave holding states separated from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Civil War (War Between the States) began April . . . — Map (db m57548) HM
Kentucky (Laurel County), East Bernstadt — Battle of Camp Wildcat
(Marker #1) Battle of Camp Wildcat Kentucky’s first taste of civil war On October 21st 1861, the stillness of this forest was broken by the sound of musket fire. These hills witnessed the first battle between Union and . . . — Map (db m84290) HM
New Jersey (Union County), Scotch Plains — Battle of The Short HillsJune 26, 1777
On the 26th of June in 1777 Washington’s continental forces of under 6,000 men fought a running battle on the plains below the Watchung Mountains with the combined British and Hessian troops numbering about 12,000. Early on that hot Thursday morning . . . — Map (db m21858) HM

Alabama (Baldwin County), Fort Morgan — The Pride of Seven Flags
(East Face): Tribute dedicated to the memory of the soldiers who gave their lives in the defense of our country here at Fort Morgan. Here lies the pride of seven flags entombed in our ancestor’s worth, who heard the thunder of the fray . . . — Map (db m4649) HM
Florida (Polk County), Fort Meade — Fort Meade Veterans Memorial
This memorial is to honor all U.S. military veterans for serving our country with honor & self sacrifice to insure the freedom of the greatest country in the world United States of America Dedicated Nov. 11, 2006 American . . . — Map (db m57357) WM
Missouri (Lafayette County), Higginsville — Confederate States of America - Battle Flags

Confederate Battle Flag This battle flag, often called the Southern Cross flag, is the flag most often associated with the Confederate States of America (CSA) today. The Army of Northern Virginia first used the design as a square flag. . . . — Map (db m91054) HM

Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Willis Church ParsonageThe Confederates Move Toward Malvern Hill — Malvern Hill Battlefield – Richmond Nat'l Battlefield Park
Frustrated by his failure at Glendale, Robert E. Lee gathered his army on July 1, 1862, for a final effort to destroy the Union army. But on this day, unlike his previous efforts during the Seven Days, Lee did not have a Union flank or a strung-out . . . — Map (db m14916) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s Hill“Close up! On your life!”—Gen. Battle’s Defense — 1864 Valley Campaign
As Gen. George Crook’s corps struck the Confederate left flank, Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur responded quickly. He reformed Gen. Cullen A. Battle’s Alabama infantry brigade on the high ground on the opposite side of the ravine in front of you so . . . — Map (db m88619) HM

Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Generals
Union Mahlon Dickerson Manson (1818-1895) An apothecary turned politician, Mahlon Dickerson Manson served as a captain in the Mexican War. He enlisted as a private when the Civil War began but was soon promoted to colonel. Manson fought at . . . — Map (db m86280) HM

Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), St. John's — Battle of Signal HillLa bataille de Signal Hill
English This hill was the site of the decisive assault by British troops on the French lines, September 15, 1762, in the last phase of the battle in North America between the forces fo Great Britain and France. The victorious attack, led by . . . — Map (db m78938) HM
Ontario (Brant County), Oakland — The Battle of Malcolm’s Mills1814
In October, 1814, an invading American force of about 700 men under Brigadier-General Duncan McArthur advanced rapidly up the Thames Valley. He intended to devastate the Grand River settlements and the region around the head of Lake Ontario which . . . — Map (db m78341) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Battle of Moraviantown, 1813Bataille de Moraviantown, 1813 — (Battle of the Thames) / (Bataille de la Thames)
English In September 1813, during the second year of the War of 1812, the United States won control of Lake Erie, cutting British supply lines with the east and forcing the British to withdraw from the Detroit River region. Then, on . . . — Map (db m78367) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
John Adair 1757-1840: Pioneer, soldier, and statesman, Adair was a veteran of the American Revolution, was 8th governor of Kentucky, and represented that state in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. He fought at the Battle of the . . . — Map (db m72381) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Shabbona 1775-1859: A Potawatomi chief, grand nephew of Pontiac, and veteran of Tippecanoe, Shabbona was an accomplished warrior and strong supporter of Tecumseh. He persuaded many natives to join the confederacy. Sou-veh-hoo-wah, Split Log, . . . — Map (db m71419) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Makataimeshekiakiak, Black Hawk, 1767-1838: A Sauk war leader and experienced warrior, Blackhawk was a veteran of the Battles of Fort Meigs and Fort Stephenson. Although he left the war for a period of time, he rejoined the British, and scholars . . . — Map (db m71418) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Isaac Shelby 1750-1826: Shelby was the 1st and 5th governor of Kentucky and a veteran of the American Revolution. As governor and at 63years of age, Shelby personally led the Kentucky Militia at the Battle of the Thames. Tarhe 1742-1816: A . . . — Map (db m72388) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
James Johnson 1774-1826: The brother of Richard Johnson, James was elected as a Kentucky State senator in 1808. He served as a lieutenant colonel in Johnson's Mounted Infantry and led the charge on the British lines at the Battle of the Thames along . . . — Map (db m72385) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Participants in the Battle of the ThamesTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
Jacques (James) Baby 1763-1833: A member of the Legislative and Executive Council for Upper Canada, judge for the Western District, and in command of the 1st Kent Militia, Baby was captured by the Americans at the Battle of the Thames. Billy . . . — Map (db m71415) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Thamesville — Prelude to BattleTuesday, October 5, 1813 — Tecumseh Parkway
By the early morning of October 5, 1813, the American Army had forded the Thames River and was advancing quickly. The British rearguard was able to destroy Cornwall's mill, west of Sherman's farm (present-day Thamesville, Ontario) but not the mill . . . — Map (db m71413) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Amherstburg — The Battle of Lake Erie
In September 1813 the British squadron under R. Barclay sailed from Amherstburg to collect desperately needed food supplies. They were met by the larger, more heavily armed American squadron commanded by O. Perry. The British had the initial . . . — Map (db m37707) HM
Ontario (Essex County), Windsor — The Battle of Windsor - 1838
Early on December 4, 1838 a force of about 140 American and Canadian supporters of William Lyon MacKenzie crossed the river from Detroit and landed about one mile east of here. After capturing and burning a nearby militia barracks, they took . . . — Map (db m37172) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Battle of Stoney Creek1813
On June 5, 1813, an invading United States army of about 3,000 men, commanded by Brigadier - General John Chandler, camped in this vicinity. That evening some 700 British regulars of the 8th and 49th Regiments, under the command of Lieutenant - . . . — Map (db m56720) HM
Ontario (Hamilton County), Stoney Creek — Battle of Stoney Creek
[English Text]: Battle of Stoney Creek During 1813 the Americans planned to invade Upper Canada from Detroit and the Niagara Peninsula. In late May, an American force crossed the Niagara River, seized Fort George, and with about . . . — Map (db m56762) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — The Battle of the WindmillLa Bataille du Moulin à Vent
English: After the 1837 Rebellions many rebels fled to the United States where a few joined American sympathizers in a new attempt to overthrow British rule in Canada. On 12 November 1838 they landed 190 men here and seized this windmill and . . . — Map (db m83433) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — The Battle of the WindmillLa Bataille du Moulin à Vent
English: Prelude to the Battle In 1837 the British army and loyal militia crushed the first armed revolt in Upper and Lowr Canada. Many rebels fled to the United States. The exiles joined with American sympathisers to form a secret . . . — Map (db m83476) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Welcome to the Site of The Battle of the Windmill
[ On the Right - In English ]: You are standing on a battlefield where men fought and died. This battle took place in November 1838, during the Canadian rebellions. One side fought to "liberate" Canada from British rule. The other side . . . — Map (db m83497) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), Glencoe — Battle Hill
English Here was fought the Battle of Longwoods, 4th March, 1814. United States troops were entrenched on this hill. The British losses were Captain D. Johnson and Lieutenant P. Graeme and twelve men of the Royal Scots Light Company and . . . — Map (db m78370) HM
Ontario (Middlesex County), Glencoe — Battle of LongwoodsMarch 4, 1814
The view from the British side (left side) Commanded by Captain James Basden Royal Scots Light • Western (Caldwell) Rangers • 89th Foot Light • Kent and Middlesex Militia • British Indian Department On March 3, 1814, the . . . — Map (db m78369) HM WM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — Battle of Chippawa
[Text on the West Side]: Battle of Chippawa 5 July 1814 In memory of all those who fought on this ground, many of whom are buried nearby, and to commemorate the peace that has prevailed between Canada and the . . . — Map (db m49393) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — The Battle of ChippawaLa Bataille de Chippawa
Here, on 5 July 1814, an American army under Major-General Jacob Brown launched the last major invasion of Canada during the War of 1812. The Americans defeated a British and Canadian force commanded by Major-General Phineas Riall consisting of . . . — Map (db m49050) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Chippawa — The Battle of Chippawa
On this site was fought The Battle of Chippawa July 5, 1814. Preservation of the Battleground was made possible by The Niagara Parks Commission with the cooperation of Frank and Mildred Branscombe, River Realty . . . — Map (db m49460) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Battle of Lundy's LaneBataille de Lundy's Lane
This was the site of the bloodiest battle of the War of 1812. On the afternoon of 25th July, 1814, Lieutenant-General Gordon Drummond with about 2800 men engaged the invading American army which had recently been victorious at Chippawa. The armies . . . — Map (db m49053) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — One Hundredth Anniversary of the Battle of Lundy's Lane
This Memorial – is – Erected to Commemorate the celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Battle of Lundy's Lane Held here July 25th 1914 Under the Auspices – of – The . . . — Map (db m54045) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara-on-the-Lake — The Battle of Fort GeorgeLa Bataille de Fort George
On the 25th May, 1813, the American Fleet and the Batteries at Fort Niagara across the river began a devastating two-day bombardment of Fort George. On the 27th a large American force was landed and after a brief engagement in which his outnumbered . . . — Map (db m48628) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Queenston — The Battle of Queenston HeightsLa Batatille des Hauteurs de Queenston
In the early morning of 13 October 1812, American troops under Major-General Stephen Van Rensellaer crossed the Niagara River and took possession of Queenston Heights. Major-General Isaac Brock hurried from Fort George to lead a small force against . . . — Map (db m48908) HM
Ontario (Niagara Region), Welland — Battle of Cook's Mill
[English Text]: Battle of Cook's Mills In October 1814 an American army advanced from Fort Erie toward the British line along the Chippawa River. Lieutenant-General Drummond ordered a reconnaissance towards Cook's Mills on his right . . . — Map (db m56657) HM
Ontario (Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Counties), Morrisburg — Battle of Crysler’s FarmBataille de la ferme Crysler
English: Here, on the farm of John Crysler, was fought one of the decisive battles of the War of 1812. On 11 November 1813 Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Morrison, with 800 British and Canadian regulars, militia and Indians, engaged an . . . — Map (db m82184) HM
Ontario (Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry Counties), Morrisburg — Battle of Crysler’s Farm 1813
In November, 1813, an American army of some 8000 men, commanded by Major-General James Wilkinson, moved down the St. Lawrence en route to Montreal. Wilkinson was followed and harassed by a British “corp of observation” consisting of . . . — Map (db m82180) HM
Ontario (Toronto, Municipality of Metropolitan), Toronto — The Battle of York 1813La Bataille de York de 1813
English: Loyal residents of York (Toronto) were encouraged by early British victories in the War of 1812, but in 1813, they experienced first-hand the hardships of war. On the morning of April 27th, an American fleet appeared offshore and . . . — Map (db m83668) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Sherman M4A2 Medium Battle Tank
294 Sherman tanks were purchased by Canada after World War II and used by the Canadian Army (both Regular and Reserve) from 1946-1972. This is a late production model of the orignal Sherman tank introduced in 1943 that incorporated many . . . — Map (db m80224) HM WM
Quebec (Brome-Missisquoi MRC), Frelighsburg — Battle of Eccles Hill
The Canadian volunteers and home guards here repulsed the Fenian invaders on the 25th May 1870. — Map (db m74541) HM
Quebec (de Roussillon MRC), La Prairie — Second Battle of La Prairie
French text on marker appears above English text below On August 11th, 1691, a few hours after the attack on Fort La Prairie, Major Peter Schuyler and his Indians suffered a severe defeat at the hands of the French and their indian allies, . . . — Map (db m75315) HM WM
Quebec (Gaspésie– Îles-de-la-Madeleine (region)), Pointe-à-la-Croix — The Battle of the RestigoucheLa Bataille de la Ristigouche
English: In May 1760 a French relief fleet, unable to reach Quebec, took refuge at the head of Chaleur Bay. It was there that a British squadron blockaded them on June 22. Aided by Acadians and Micmacs, the French planted batteries on the . . . — Map (db m80582) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — Bataille du Moulin de Lacolle / Battle of the Lacolle Mill
Sur ce site, le 30 mars 1814, le major R.B. Handcock, avec quelque 500 soldats du 13e régiment des Royal Marines, de Canadian Fencibles, des Voltigeurs ainsi que des Indiens, a combattu vigoureusement contre 4,000 soldats . . . — Map (db m74538) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — La Bataille d’Odelltown / Battle of Odelltown
Après l’échec de l’insurrection de 1837, des membres du parti des patriotes, rassembles aux États-Unis sous la conduite de Robert Nelson, proclamèrent la République du Bas-Canada et tentèrent de renverser le gouvernement. L’invasion de 1838, . . . — Map (db m77848) HM
Quebec (Le Haut-Saint-Laurent MRC), Howick — The Battle of the ChâteauguayBataille de la Châteauguay
English: Here, on 26 October 1813, a Canadian force of about 300 consisting of Voltigeurs, Canadian Fencibles, Sedentary and Select Embodied Militia and Indians, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Charles Michel de Salaberry, halted 5,700 . . . — Map (db m82104) HM
Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — An Upstream BattleNaviguer à contre-courant
English: In the early 19th century, navigators could avoid the rapids between Lake St. Louis and Lake St. François by using a number of small canals built by the military around 1780. Nothing of the sort allowed navigators to bypass the . . . — Map (db m82156) HM
France, Île-de-France (Seine-et-Marne Département), Meaux — Battle of the Marne American MonumentLa Liberté éplorée
English side: Here speak again the silent voices of the heroic Sons of France who dared all and gave all in the day of deadly peril. Turned back the flood of imminent disaster and thrilled the world with their supreme devotion. . . . — Map (db m85953) WM
Greece, Phthiotis Regional Unit (Municipality of Lamia), Thermopylae — The Battle of Thermopyles
In the year 480 B.C. in this sacred place called Thermopyles was carried out the most astonishing and unequal battle between few Greeks and a million of Persians. This battle is a landmark in the World’s History. Three hundred . . . — Map (db m84416) HM WM
Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, San Lucas Sacatepéquez — Battle of San Lucas MonumentMonumento a la Batalla de San Lucas
A los Heroes del 71 Junio 30 1928 English translation: To the Heroes of 1871 June 30, 1928 — Map (db m91770) WM
Kiribati, Tarawa, Betio — Battle of Tarawa MemorialU.S. Marines War Memorial
Marker front, upper plaque: “Follow Me” 2nd Marine Division United States Marine Corps Battle of Tarawa November 20, 1943 To our fellow Marines who gave their all! The world is free because of you! God rest your . . . — Map (db m85150) WM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — Battle of TlatelolcoBatalla de Tlatelolco
El 13 de agosto de 1521 heroicamente defendido por Cuauhtemoc cayo Tlatelolco en poder de Hernan Cortes No fue triunfo ni derrota Fue el doloroso nacimiento del pueblo mestizo que es el Mexico de hoy English translation: On August 13, 1521 . . . — Map (db m92060) HM WM
Mexico, Distrito Federal, Ciudad de Mexico — The Defense at the Battle of ChurubuscoLa Defensa en la Batalla de Churubusco
Los cañones que se encuentran situados en este lugar forman parte de las 7 piezas que cooperaron a la defensa de este punto contra la invasión americana del 20 de agosto de 1847. Durante la defensa, fue comandante de artillería, el jefe de la 1ª . . . — Map (db m90875) HM WM
Mexico, Jalisco (Municipality of Zapotlanejo), Zapotlanejo — The Battle of Calderón Bridge
Reseña de la Batalla del Puente de CalderónBatalla de Puente de Calderón es parte de la guerra de independencia de México. La batalla fue trabada entre fuerzas insurgentes y fuerzas realistas, el 17 de enero de 1811. El Puente se encuentra . . . — Map (db m100364) WM
Mexico, Jalisco (Municipality of Zapotlanejo), Zapotlanejo — The Battle of Calderón Bridge
Aquí en este sitio el 17 de enero de 1811 la suerte fue adversa al Padre de la Patria Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla y al Generalisimo Don Ignacio Allende Defendamos nuestra libertad e independencia 2006 English translation: Here on this . . . — Map (db m100367) WM
United Kingdom, England (Northumberland), Branxton — After the Battle of FloddenBranxton Church
. . . — Map (db m85800) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Londonderry), Derry-Londonderry — Battle of the BogsideThe Guide to Free Derry
[Side A] On 12 August 1969, as the Apprentice Boys Parade passed the edge of the Bogside, nationalists clashed with parade followers and police. The police and loyalists followed the nationalists back into the Bogside, where defences had . . . — Map (db m71441) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Ayrshire), Darvel — Battle of Loudoun HillMay 10, 1307
Through devotion and by willing hands this stone was hauled here to commemorate the first victory of King Robert the Bruce who won for us freedom from serfdom. — Map (db m87185) HM WM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Fife), Anstruther — The "Battle" of May Island
On the night of January 31st 1918, a disaster took place just a few miles off Anstruther when the British Grand Fleet left Rosyth for exercises in the North Sea. With wartime news restrictions in force, few if any people onshore were aware of . . . — Map (db m88928) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Falkirk — Battle of Falkirk Muir
The Battle of Falkirk was fought around here 17th Jany 1746 — Map (db m88101) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Stirling — Battle of Bannockburn
"For God and St. Andrew" Robert the Bruce King of Scots Planted his standard near this spot when the Scottish Patriots under the command vanquished the Army of Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn 24th . . . — Map (db m85598) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Stirling — The Battle of Stirling Bridge
In early September 1297 a mighty army arrived in Stirling to put down Scots resistance to English rule. The Scots allowed around half the invaders to advance across the narrow bridge over the Forth. Then William Wallace and the Scots swept forward . . . — Map (db m85596) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Blakeley — Battle of BlakeleyApril 9, 1865
Missouri Brigade (CSA) 1st & 4th Missouri Infantry Regiment 2nd & 6th Missouri Infantry Regiment 3rd & 5th Missouri Infantry Regiment 1st & 3rd Missouri Cavalry Battalion (Dismounted) 3rd (St Louis) Missouri Battery US . . . — Map (db m87292) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Blakeley — The Battle of Fort Blakely
The Battle of Fort Blakely April 9, 1865 was the last major battle of the Civil War. This 67 acre part of the Blakeley Battlefield was acquired in 2002 with assistance of grants from the Land & Water Conservation Fund administered by the National . . . — Map (db m87296) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Bon Secour — Stop 3 — Vicinity of Salt Works and Camp Anderson“Salt Is Eminently Contraband” — Civil War Trail Battle for Mobile Bay
Both people and animals need salt to remain healthy. Before the Civil War the people of Alabama consumed about 50 pounds of salt per person per year, most of which came from England and the West Indies. One quarter of all the salt imported into the . . . — Map (db m68503) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C1 — The Battle of Mobile Bay“A Deadly Rain of Shot and Shell” — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
Eager to attack Mobile Bay since 1862, U. S. Admiral David Farragut knew he could not capture control of the lower bay without the support of the army and without a flotilla of ironclad monitors to confront the Confederate ironclad CSS . . . — Map (db m68815) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C3 — The Battle of Mobile Bay“Damn the Torpedoes!” — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
At 7:25 a.m., August 5, 1864, Admiral Farragut’s lead monitor Tecumseh steered into the torpedo field at the mouth of Mobile Bay. The admiral had ordered Commander Tunis Craven, the Tecumseh’s captain, to engage the ram . . . — Map (db m69412) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — Stop C2 — The Battle of Mobile Bay“Now I Am In The Humor, I Will Have It Out!” — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
As the Hartford and Brooklyn steamed into the lower bay, the Tennessee tried to ram both in succession but was too slow and had to let them pass. Admiral Buchanan then exchanged broadsides with the rest of Admiral Farragut’s . . . — Map (db m69617) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — The Overland CampaignStorm Clouds Gather — Civil War Trail, Battle for Mobile Bay
To Wait and Watch In late August 1864 the Federals controlled Mobile Bay but could not attack Mobile. Admiral Farragut could not reach the city even with his light draft vessels, because the channels in the upper Bay had been obstructed. . . . — Map (db m69909) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Blountsville — Battle RoyalMay 1, 1863
Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked Col. Streight’s column as it crossed Locust’s swift waters, causing the Federals to make tremendous exertions to complete the movement, contributing thereby to Streight’s eventual surrender of his entire command to . . . — Map (db m28320) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — The Tallasahatchie Battle Field
This Stone Marks The Site Of The Tallasahatchie Battle Field. On this spot Lieut. Gen. John Coffee with Gen. Andrew Jackson’s men won a victory over the Creek Indians, Nov. 3, 1813. Erected by the Frederick Wm. Gray Chapt. Daughters of . . . — Map (db m36554) HM
Alabama (Clay County), Goodwater — Battle of EnitachopkoCreek Indian War 1813-14. — ← 4 mi. E.
Hostile Creeks attacked Andrew Jackson, withdrawing to Ft. Strother, Jan. 24, 1814. His troops broke through lines, kept on to Ft. Strother. But Creeks boasted that they defeated 'Capt. Jack', drove him to the Coosa. — Map (db m95076) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Fairview — Battle BranchSeptember 2, 1864
The only battle fought in Coffee County during The War Between the States. Just east of this spot, at the branch head, a battle occurred between the Coffee County Home Guards and Ward’s Raiders, a group of Confederate deserters who had . . . — Map (db m83328) HM
Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Battle of Hog MountainApril 30, 1863
Here Gen. Forrest (C.S.A.) overtook Col. Streight’s raiders (U.S.A.) In hand-to-hand battle after dark 3 horses shot from under Forrest, Union force fled southward with Forrest in . . . — Map (db m33802) HM
Alabama (Cullman County), Vinemont — Battle of Day’s GapApril 30, 1863 — ---- 6 miles west -->
Here Gen. Forrest (C.S.A.) overtook larger force of Col. Streight (U.S.A.) Forrest attacked three times. Streight fled toward Rome to destroy Confederate railroad. — Map (db m33808) HM
Alabama (Dale County), Ariton — Veterans Memorial Bridge - 1921 / Grist Mill - Indian Battle - Recreation
(Front):Veterans Memorial Bridge - 1921This reinforced concrete river bridge, thought to be the first in Alabama. Was erected over Pea River in 1920-21 at a cost of $92,108.97. It was dedicated on August 3, 1921 as a memorial to the 57 men . . . — Map (db m36511) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Burning of DowntownSt. Paul's Episcopal Church — Battle of Selma
"Of all the nights of my experience, this is most like the horrors of war — a captured city burning at night, a victorious army advancing, and a demoralized one retreating. ...this Sunday night nearly gone, will be remembered. If there is a . . . — Map (db m82744) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Interior Redoubt No. IIIWilson's Cavalry Charge — Battle of Selma
By 6pm General James H. Wilson had moved the 4th U.S. Cavalry, down Summerfield Road through the outer works and had ordered Captain Robinson of the Chicago Board of Trade Battery to do the same. After the main assault most of the regiments of . . . — Map (db m81930) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Last Stronghold FallsAlabama & Mississippi Railroad Depot — Battle of Selma
Hardie's Reserve Cavalry Battalion, about 500 strong were ordered to Selma from Talladega. They were placed along the railroad track to the right and Left of the Depot. This makeshift defensive line was made of the railroad bed, the Depot, cotton . . . — Map (db m82756) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Redoubt No. 151st Mississippi Cavalry — Battle of Selma
Front Redoubt No. 15 located just to the west of Summerfield Road was defended by Colonel Pinson's 1st Mississippi Cavalry Regiment of Anderson's Brigade. Their 400 men held positions on the west side of the road and the rest of . . . — Map (db m81925) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Redoubt No. 24Selma Fortifications 1863-1865 — Battle of Selma
Side 1 At prominent positions, earthen forts were built with artillery in position to cover the ground over which an assault would have to be made. Redoubt No. 24 anchored the City's defenses at the junction of Valley Creek & the . . . — Map (db m83581) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Selma Army Arsenal1862~1865 — Battle of Selma
Confederate Army Captain James White was ordered to relocate the old Federal Arsenal from Mt. Vernon, Alabama. By 1865 it consisted of 24 buildings and had over 500 workers including men, women, boys, girls, FMofC and slaves. It made or contracted . . . — Map (db m82750) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Sgt Robert Weakley PattonBorn 1844 - Died 1865 — Battle of Selma
Patton, a member of Shockley's Escort Company of the University of Alabama, was killed in a clash with the 4th Iowa Cavalry at the corner of Washington Street and Alabama Avenue. In November 1865 his father, Robert Miller Patton, was elected the . . . — Map (db m83587) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — St. James HotelHeadquarters of General James H. Wilson — Battle of Selma
following the Battle of Selma, April 2, 1865. This occupation protected the hotel from the arson and looting in the first 24 hours that destroyed much of downtown. In the next week Wilson methodically burned the huge military/industrial complex that . . . — Map (db m80792) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Union Troops ChargeThe Main Assault of the Outer Works — Battle of Selma
The Lightening Brigade of the 2nd Division would spearhead the attack between Redoubts No. 13 - No. 16. Artillery covered all the approaches. At 5 p.m. General Long ordered the Second Division forward. "As Long's Second Division charged . . . — Map (db m83682) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle
On Sept. 25, 1864 Gen. N.B. Forrest's Confederate cavalry, with Morton's battery of 4 guns, attacked and captured the Union fort near here. The fort consisted of a square redoubt, rifle pits, two blockhouses, and some frame buildings. It protected a . . . — Map (db m60870) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Battle of Coffeeville Memorial
This memorial marks the burial site of Union and Confederate soldiers who fought in the Battle of Coffeeville December 5 1862 some known by name - others known but to God Pvt J C Barret • Pvt Henry Byers Co B 26 Miss Regt • Co C . . . — Map (db m86447) WM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Battle of Fort Blakely Monument
Ill. 76th Vol. Inf. In Memory of our Heroes Who Fell at Fort Blakely, Ala. April 9, 1865 —— 2nd Brig. 2nd Div. 13th Army Corps. William T. Duke • Micajah S. Moore • William Crimes • George H. Hopkins • George . . . — Map (db m86870) WM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Battle of Mobile Bay Memorial
This memorial is dedicated to US Navy, US Marine Corps, and Confederate States Navy personnel who lost their lives in the Battle of Mobile Bay, Civil War August 5, 1864 — Map (db m86446) WM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — In Memory of the Battle of Mobile Bay
One of the fiercest and most decisive battles in naval history Commemorated on the centennial August 5 1964 — Map (db m86449) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Tank M48A1
Armament 1 - 90mm Gun 2 - .50 Cal. Machine Guns 1 - .30 Cal. Machine Gun Weight   99,000 lbs. Combat Loaded Crew   4 Men Maximum Speed   28 mph Cruising Range   70 Miles Grade Ascending Ability   60 . . . — Map (db m100938) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — "Battle Flag of the Confederacy"
The Confederate Congress never issued any regulations specifying which type flag should be carried by regiments in the field. Early in the war, flags were made at home for presentation to individual companies. At first, national flags replaced . . . — Map (db m86056) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA / Colonel B.D. Fry at Battle of Gettysburg
(side 1) Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA Born Virginia; educated VMI and West Point; fought in Mexico; practiced law in California; married Alabamian whose family owned the Tallassee cotton mill; served as general in . . . — Map (db m86065) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 2 — “A Hard Nut To Crack” - Federal Defenses at Decatur“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
Decatur played a key role in the Federal defenses of the vital rail lines in North Alabama. These defenses were configured in a three-tiered system. First, a number of lightly armored gunboats, constructed on the Tennessee River and nicknamed . . . — Map (db m86476) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 6 — “a place of importance” - Union Leadership at Decatur“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
The Decatur crossing of the Tennessee River was used extensively by Union forces. In the Fall of 1863, elements of Major General William T. Sherman’s Army of the Tennessee passed through Decatur on their way from Vicksburg to Chattanooga. Union . . . — Map (db m86477) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 4 — “An Affair Most Important to Us” - The Federal Right, October 27-28, 1864“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
As Hood’s Army of Tennessee encircled Decatur, sharpshooters advanced upon the Union defenses. Colonel Doolittle’s men responded with heavy artillery and musket fire. During the early afternoon of October 27, the Confederates approached the Federal . . . — Map (db m28241) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 9 — “Captain, We’ve Got It At Last” - The Charge of the 14th U.S. Colored Infantry“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
As sharpshooting and artillery fire continued throughout the morning of October 28, Granger and Doolittle determined to launch an attack upon the Confederate battery at the edge of the Tennessee River, whose fire threatened the critical pontoon . . . — Map (db m86478) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — Battle of Decatur
The Battle of Decatur, Oct. 26-29, 1864, was the result of Confederate Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood's effort to move his army across the Tennessee River and into central Tennessee in an attempt to reclaim Nashville. The engagement occurred as part of . . . — Map (db m91145) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 6 — Burleson House (circa 1836)"A Hard Nut to Crack" — The Battle For Decatur
This Greek Revival mansion belonged to Dr. Aaron Adair Burleson and his wife, Janet, during the Civil War. Part of an original 778-acre land grant, the brick home covered by Flemish bond, features 18-inch thick walls and contains one of the . . . — Map (db m28245) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 8 — Confederate Leadership at Decatur - McCartney Hotel Site“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
You are facing the site of the McCartney Hotel, where Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston established his headquarters while reorganizing the Confederate Army of the West in March, 1862. Johnston spent almost two weeks here after he was . . . — Map (db m28263) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 5 — Dancy-Polk House (circa 1829)“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
The oldest home in Decatur still standing, this Early Classical Revival mansion was built by Frank Dancy and was a private residence until 1872, when it became a boarding house and hotel. During the Civil War, the home belonged to Dancy’s daughter, . . . — Map (db m28243) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 1 — Decatur and The Civil War in North Alabama“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
Decatur had close to 800 residents in 1860, not many more than the 606 persons counted in the 1850 census. Included in the 1860 census were 267 white males, 206 white females, three free blacks including two males and one female, and 130 slaves of . . . — Map (db m28209) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 1 — Hood’s Middle Tennessee Campaign and The Battle for Decatur“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle for Decatur
Following the fall of Atlanta on September 2, 1864, Confederate General John Bell Hood, Commander of the Army of Tennessee, began a series of maneuvers against the Union line of supply running from Atlanta through Northwest Georgia, North Alabama, . . . — Map (db m28208) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 7 — Two Bridges Across The Tennessee River“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
In 1860, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was the only east-west route through the United States south of the Mason-Dixon Line. Maintaining control of this rail line was essential to Confederate strategy. Union Brigadier General Ormsby Mitchell . . . — Map (db m28262) HM
Alabama (Saint Clair County), Ohatchee — Battle of “Ten Islands”¼ mile above Neely Henry Dam
On July 14, 1864 a small group of brave Confederate Cavalry under General James H. Clanton approximately 300 strong were overwhelmed by a vastly superior Union Cavalry force under General L. H. Rousseau. The Confederates were attempting to protect . . . — Map (db m35593) HM
Alabama (Talladega County), Talladega — Battle Of TalladegaNov. 9, 1813
Here Andrew Jackson led Tennessee Volunteers and friendly Indians to victory over hostile “Red Sticks.” This action rescued friendly Creeks besieged in Fort Leslie. Creek Indian War 1813 - 1814. — Map (db m28205) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Dadeville — Battle Of Horseshoe BendOne hundredth anniversary — 1814 - 1914
This tablet is placed by Tallapoosa County in commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of the Battle Of Horseshoe Bend, fought within its limits on March 27, 1814. There the Creek Indians, led by Menawa and other chiefs, . . . — Map (db m28751) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Dadeville — Horseshoe Bend Battle Ground12 Miles North
There on March 27, 1814 General Andrew Jackson commanding U. S. forces and friendly Indians, broke the power of the Creek Confederacy. — Map (db m39812) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), New Site — Battle Of Emucfau– 5 miles south → — January 22, 1814
Jackson fortified position here during Creek Indian War (1813-1814). Although repeated attacks by the Red Sticks were repulsed, Jackson withdrew with the Indians pursuing. — Map (db m45736) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Happy Jack — Battle of Big Dry Wash
Seven miles north of this point a band of Apache Indians were defeated by United States troops on July 17, 1882. A group of tribesmen from the San Carlos Apache reservation had attacked some ranches in the vicinity, killing several settlers. Cavalry . . . — Map (db m67424) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Veterans of the Battle of the BulgeArdennes
Front of monument: World War II December 16, 1944 January 25, 1945 Triumph of Courage Rear of monument: The Battle of the Bulge was fought by the U.S. Army in the heavily forested Ardennes region of eastern . . . — Map (db m83246) WM
Arizona (Pinal County), Picacho — Battle at PicachoApril 15, 1862
Dedicated to those Confederate frontiersmen who occupied Arizona Territory, C.S.A., created by President Jefferson Davis, February 14, 1862. Just two months later, ten of Capt. Sherod Hunter's Confederate Cavalrymen successfully defended Picacho . . . — Map (db m73899) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — The Battle at Ditch Bayou
It is the morning of June 6, 1864. Rain has created a muddy mess. To your left are four cannon. To your right are 600 cavalrymen and two more cannon. These men served under Confederate Colonel Colten Greene. To your front is Ditch Bayou, and 700 . . . — Map (db m90432) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — Battle of Jenkins' Ferry
Erected in memory of the soldiers of the Confederacy, who gave their lives for the cause at the Battle of Jenkins Ferry, April 30, 1864, Dedicated September 19, 1928, by the James F. Fagan and Jenkins Ferry Chapters of the United Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m37303) HM
Arkansas (Jefferson County), Pine Bluff — Battle of Pine Bluff
During the morning and early afternoon of October 25, 1863, Colonel Powell Clayton commander of federal troops occupying Pine Bluff, successfully repulsed a three-pronged confederate attack of forces of General John S. Marmaduke. Cotton bales . . . — Map (db m30578) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Battle of Plum Run Bend
On May 10, 1862, Confederates defeated the Union navy in one of only two Civil War gunboat fleet engagements on the Mississippi River, ramming and sinking two Union ironclads, Cincinnati and Mound City. A reinforced Union armada routed the . . . — Map (db m36320) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The Battle of HelenaBloody Fireworks on the Fourth of July
From where you are standing, you would have had a ringside seat for the battle of Helena. On a brutally hot July 4, 1863, Confederate General Theophilus Holmes launched a three-pronged attack on the small Union garrison at Helena. Union . . . — Map (db m52026) HM
Arkansas (Saline County), Bryant — The Battle of Hurricane Creek
After the fall of Little Rock to Union forces in September, 1863, the area immediately south of the Arkansas River became a No Man’s Land. On the morning of October 23, 1864, a Federal detachment of the 7th Army Corps, returning to Little Rock after . . . — Map (db m96635) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Battle of Massard Prairie
On July 27, 1864 Confederates led by Gen. Richard M. Gano surprised an outpost of the Sixth Kansas Cavalry at nearby Caldwell's Place. The Federal force was routed with a loss of 25 killed and wounded, 127 prisoners and much equipment. The . . . — Map (db m52566) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Cane Hill — The Battle of Cane Hill Arkansas
Late in November 1862, Gen. John S. Marmaduke with 2,000 cavalry occupied Cane Hill Ridge. Gen. James G. Blunt with 5,000 cavalry and infantry and 30 pieces of artillery met them at dawn Nov. 28, 1862. Retreating slowly, making stands at . . . — Map (db m66696) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Battle of Prairie GroveDecember 7, 1862
The battle on this field was fought between the Confederate army of General T.C. Hindman (Arkansas) and Federal forces commanded by Generals James G. Blunt (Kansas) and F.J. Herron (Iowa). Battlefield Park occupies the approximate center of the . . . — Map (db m35248) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — 811 — Bishop Creek Battleground
On April 6, 1862, a battle took place around this site between newly arrived citizens of the Owens River Valley and the Paiute and Shoshone Indians, original inhabitants of the land. The reason for this battle is lost in obscurity, but brave men on . . . — Map (db m628) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Montebello — 385 — Battle of the Rio San Gabriel
Near this site, on January 3, 1847, was fought the Battle of the Rio San Gabriel between American forces commanded by Capt. Robert F. Stockton, U.S. Navy, Commander-in- chief, Brig. Gen. Stephen W. Kearney, U.S. Army, and . . . — Map (db m51042) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Battery Osgood-Farley Historic Site"Home of the Fort MacArthur Museum" — Battle Honors, Third Coast Artillery
+ Battle Honors Third Coast Artillery War of 1812 Fort Nelson, VA. - June 22, 1813 Fort Oswego, NY. - May 5-6, 1814 Mexican War Palo Alto - May 8. 1846 Resaca de La Palma - May 9, 1846 Monterey - Sept. 21-23, 1846 Vera . . . — Map (db m81750) HM
California (Monterey County), Prunedale — 651 — Battle of Natividad
Combined American forces under Captains Charles D. Burrass (or Burroughs) and Bluford K. Thompson clashed with Comandante Manuel de Jesús Castro's Californians in this vicinity on November 16, 1846. Casualties on each side consisted of several men . . . — Map (db m26646) HM
California (Napa County), Yountville — Battle of Seven Pines Memorial
In Memory of
The Battle of Seven Pines
Fought May 30 1862
Presented By Seven Pines Circle No. 3
Ladies of the G.A.R.
  — Map (db m91318) WM
California (San Bernardino County), Chino — Site of the Battle of Chino
Near this spot once stood the home of Isaac Williams, first American settler in this valley, about which on September 26-27 1846, was fought the first important engagement in California of the war with Mexico. This was also the site of the Chino . . . — Map (db m379) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — In Memory of the Heros of the Battle of San PasqualThey fought a good fight
1st United States Dragoons Company C Sergent. John Cox • Corporl William. C. West • Private George Ashmead • Private Joseph T. Campbell • Private Williamm. Dalton • Private John Dunlop • Private Joseph B. Kennedy • Private William. C. Leckey . . . — Map (db m82318) HM WM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 452 — Mule Hill
On December 7, 1846, day following Battle of San Pasqual fought five miles east of here, General Stephen Kearny’s command while marching on San Diego was attacked by Californians. The Americans counter-attacked, occupied hill until December 11 when . . . — Map (db m40829) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — The Naval Battle of GuadalcanalTwenty-Four Minutes of Thundering Hell On Iron Bottom Bay
Friday the 13th November 1942 By July 1942 Japan’s military juggernaut had invaded and occupied Korea, Manchuria, China, Hong Kong, Burma, Borneo, New Guinea, Rabaul, Truk, The Philippines, Aleutians, Marshalls, Carolines, and the Solomons, . . . — Map (db m75499) HM WM
California (San Luis Obispo County), San Luis Obispo — M60A3 (TTS) Main Battle Tankthe “Patton”
In service with the U.S. Army and U.S. Marines 1960 to 1991 Weight 58 tons • Crew of 4 Main Weapon 105mm Rifled Gun This tank is dedicated to all veterans of San Luis Obispo County who have served our country. • San Luis Obispo . . . — Map (db m38502) HM
California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — Battle of Santa Clara
On January 2, 1847, somewhere hereabouts was fought the last northern battle of the Mexican War. The official casualty report: “Dead none, Wounded none, Missing but one on the American side and he came up shortly afterwards stating that he had . . . — Map (db m24337) HM
California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — The Battle of Santa ClaraJanuary 2-7, 1847
The Battle of Santa Clara was the only campaign fought in the Northern district of California between Californios and United States forces during the Mexican-American war. In the 1840’s an oak forest grew near the present Lawrence Expressway, . . . — Map (db m81727) HM
California (Shasta County), Castella — CHL 116 — Battle Rock
Battle of the Crags was fought below Battle Rock in June 1855. This conflict between the Modoc Indians and the settlers resulted from miners destroying the native fishing waters in the Lower Soda Springs area. Settlers led by Squire Reuben Gibson . . . — Map (db m69857) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Tule Lake — Ambush at Midday - The Thomas-Wright Battle of April 26, 1873Last Victor for the Modocs
Forced to flee the stronghold, the Modoc took cover amid the craggy lava features in this area. A group under Scarface Charley watched from the Schonchin Flow as Army troops marched from Gillems Camp toward their concealed position. Officers . . . — Map (db m87906) HM
California (Tulare County), Springville — Battle Mountain
A long period of unrest between the settlers and Indians of Tulare County erupted in war during the Spring of 1856. Untrue reports that five hundred head of cattle had been stolen in Frazier Valley and the burning of the Orson K. Smith sawmill . . . — Map (db m34474) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Dardanelle — The Last Battle
The canyon to your right was the scene of the last battle between Indians and whites in Tuolumne County. On February 10, 1858, a band of Piutes attacked a group of employees of the Columbia & Stanislaus River Water Co. In the fight which followed . . . — Map (db m78075) HM
Colorado (Logan County), Sterling — 34 — Battle of Summit Springs
3 miles southeast from this point is the site of theBattle of Summit Springs Last engagement with Plains Indians in Colorado, July 11, 1869. Cheyennes who raided western Kansas were attacked by General E. A. Carr with the Fifth U.S. Cavalry . . . — Map (db m61997) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Norwalk — Battle of the Rocks Monument
On this historic ground the American Patriots bravely sustained the cause of Liberty against the British Invaders July 12, 1779 ---------- Erected by the D.A.R. of Norwalk 1894. — Map (db m53435) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Ridgefield — Battle of RidgefieldApril 27, 1777
The Third and Chief Engagement Occurred on This Ridge — Map (db m23395) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Ridgefield — Battle of Ridgefield Dead
In defense of American Independence at the Battle of Ridgefield April 27, 1777 died Eight Patriots who were laid in this ground companioned by Sixteen British Soldiers Living, their enemies, Dying their guests, in honor of service and sacrifice this . . . — Map (db m23396) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Ridgefield — The Battle of RidgefieldApril 27, 1777
The chief engagement of Connecticut’s only inland battle during the War for Independence was fought approximately 100 yards from this site. Several hundred hastily-mustered militia joined a handful of Continental troops under Generals Benedict . . . — Map (db m23400) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Ridgefield — 8 — The Battle of Ridgefield, April 27, 1777Ridgefield, Connecticut — The Museum in the Streets
British General Tryon’s Raid on Danbury occurred on April 26, 1777. The beginning of the 1777 campaign was the first British invasion and the only pitched battle in Connecticut. Following the burning of Danbury the British troops marched through . . . — Map (db m23412) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Westport — Battle of Westport Commemoration
To commemorate the battle fought on and near this point between the British forces and the American Patriots, April 28, 1777. Ordnance presented by U.S. Government and erected July 4, 1901 Map (db m22556) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Groton Battle Monument
The monument was erected under the patronage of the State of Connecticut, A. D. 1830, and in the 55th year of the Independence of the U. S. A. in memory of the brave Patriots, who fell in the Massacre at Fort Griswold, near this spot, on the 6th of . . . — Map (db m18050) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — The Battle of Groton HeightsStabilization and Preservation of Fort Griswold — Phase 1
On the morning of September 6, 1781, a British fleet under the command of former American general Benedict Arnold appeared at the mouth of the Thames River. Arnold’s mission was to destroy American privateers in New London and to capture military . . . — Map (db m19038) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Stonington — Battle of Stonington Monument
This Is To Remember Here the Brave Men of Stonington Defeated a Landing Force From His Majesty’s ship “Ramillies” Bent on Burning the Town and its Shipping August 10, 1814 The Warden and Burgesses of the Borough of . . . — Map (db m68420) WM
Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — NC-A7 — Battle of Cooch's Bridge
American light infantry and cavalry under General William Maxwell encountered advance guard of British and Hessian troops under Generals Howe, Cornwallis and Knyphausen in this vicinity September 3, 1777. American troops were expert marksmen drafted . . . — Map (db m9774) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — The Battle of Cooch's Bridge
On September 3, 1777 over 800 Americans forming the Light Infantry Corps of Brigadier General William Maxwell engaged about 2,000 British Light Infantry and Hessian and Anspach "Jägers" (light infantry) in a series of skirmishes ending at . . . — Map (db m10055) HM
Florida (Alachua County), Gainesville — F-164 — First Gainesville Skirmish / Battle of Gainesville
First Gainesville Skirmish The first Civil War gunfire in Gainesville's streets came on February 15, 1864, when a raiding party of 50 men from the 40th Massachusetts Cavalry entered the City to attempt the capture of two trains. The raid was . . . — Map (db m57122) HM
Florida (Baker County), Olustee — The Battle of Olustee
(Front):The Battle of Olustee was fought on this ground February 20th, 1864. Between 5,000 Confederate troops commanded by General Joseph E. Finegan and 6,000 Federal troops under General Truman Seymour. The Federals were defeated with a loss . . . — Map (db m13708) HM
Florida (Brevard County), Merritt Island — F-583 — The Last Naval Battle of the American Revolutionary War
The last naval battle of the American Revolutionary War took place off the coast of Cape Canaveral on March 10, 1783. The fight began when three British ships sighted two Continental Navy ships, the Alliance commanded by Captain John Barry . . . — Map (db m94406) HM
Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — F-827 — American Revolutionary War Battle of Thomas CreekMay 17, 1777
In May 1777, 400 soldiers from the Continental Army and 165 members of the Georgia militia organized in Sunbury, Georgia, just north of the Florida border for an expedition into British East Florida in retaliation for raids conducted by British . . . — Map (db m93071) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Battle of PensacolaMarch 9 to May 8, 1781
On March 9, 1781, Spanish General Bernardo de Galvez, with a fleet of some 30 ships, arrived opposite Pensacola Bay and within a day took Santa Rosa Island. On March 18, Galvez, in his ship Galveztown, sailed under the cannon of the Royal Navy . . . — Map (db m72252) HM
Florida (Hardee County), Zolfo Springs — Seminole Indian Battle
One of the Last Battles fought with the Seminole Nation ended here on June 16, 1856 with Defeat of the Indians by Soldiers from Ft. Meade. — Map (db m61059) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Battlefield
Site of Only Land Engagement at Tampa between Confederate & Union Forces, Oct. 17, 1863 A Federal detachment of 124 men from U. S. gunboat Tahoma & Steamer Adela after firing 2 blockade-runners moored upriver fell back under Confederate assault . . . — Map (db m44740) HM
Florida (Jackson County), Marianna — F-8 — Battle of Marianna
On September 27, 1864, Gen. Asboth's force of 700 Federal cavalry from Pensacola arrived in the Marianna area to forage and secure Negro recruits. Confederate forces of a few hundred home guardsmen barricaded the streets of Marianna and withstood . . . — Map (db m74193) HM
Florida (Jackson County), Marianna — Site of the Battle of Marianna
Here at high noon on September 27, 1864, a Federal raiding force of 900 men under Brigadier-General Alexander Asboth fought a Confederate home guard of 95 old men and boys under Captain Jesse J. Norwood. Entering Marianna from the west, the main . . . — Map (db m68796) HM
Florida (Leon County), Tallahassee — F-143 — Battle of Natural BridgeMarch 6, 1865
Site of decisive repulse of Federal forces by Confederate Militia in joint U.S. Army and Navy Operation to take St. Marks. The Army landing at lighthouse was prevented from getting to rear of St. Marks by Confederate opposition at Newport and . . . — Map (db m13721) HM
Florida (Nassau County), south of Callahan — F-236 — Battle of Thomas Creek
When the American War of Independence began, the new British colonies of East and West Florida did not seek separation from England. East Florida remained comparatively free from serious fighting throughout the course of the Revolutionary War. In . . . — Map (db m41222) HM
Florida (Okeechobee County), Okeechobee — Battle of Okeechobee
In these woods on Christmas Day 1837, was fought the Battle of Okeechobee, in which a large band of Seminole Indians, under Chief Wild Cat, Alligator, and Sam Jones was routed by a brigade led by Colonel Zachary Taylor, consisting of the First, . . . — Map (db m97075) HM WM
Florida (Palm Beach County), Jupiter — F-695 — Jesup's BattleJanuary 24, 1838
On January 24, 1838, Major General Thomas S Jesup, commanding 1,500 men, the largest army of Second Seminole War. [1835-42], marched to the headwaters of the Loxahatchee River, where he defeated approximately 300 Red and Black Seminoles in the last . . . — Map (db m99904) HM
Florida (Palm Beach County), Jupiter — F-646 — Powell's Battle
On January 15,1838,during the Second Seminole War.The Seminoles met and defeated U.S. forces in the first battle of the Loxahatchee River.Trying to end the war,Maj. Gen. Thomas Jesup brought several columns of troops to south Florida, including . . . — Map (db m99906) HM
Florida (Polk County), Fort Meade — Willoughby Tillis Battle Monument
(West face) A group of United States Army soldiers led by Lt. Carlton engaged the Seminole Indians in what is known as the Willoughby Tillis Battle in this vicinity on June 14-16, 1856. These five men who lost their lives in this engagement . . . — Map (db m57248) HM

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