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Historical Markers in Haifa District

 
The Crusader Fortress of the Knights of the Hospital and the Ottoman-Turkish Citadel of Akko Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, March 8, 2013
The Crusader Fortress of the Knights of the Hospital and the Ottoman-Turkish Citadel of Akko Marker
Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The Crusader Fortress of the Knights of the Hospital and the Ottoman-Turkish Citadel of Akko
On this site, in the 12th-13th century, towered the fortress of the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of Saint John (the "Hospitallers") who were based in Akko (Acre) until the Muslim conquest of the city in 1291. Over the ruins of the fortress, . . . — Map (db m65456) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The CrusadersUntil their arrival at Akko
On their way to Jerusalem in 1099, the Crusaders killed the Jewish 'infidels' and destroyed many communities, among which were in the communities of Speyer, Worms and Magenza. In memory of those who perished the prayer "Merciful Father" was . . . — Map (db m65446) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Akko — The Shrine and Mansion of Bahá’u’lláh
At the heart of this site is the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, the final resting place of the Founder of the Bahá’í Faith, regarded by Bahá’ís as the most holy spot on earth. Next to the Shrine stands the Mansion where Bahá’u’lláh resided from the summer . . . — Map (db m79276) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — A Collection of Architectural Artifacts
This garden presents a collection of architectural artifacts discovered during the excavation of Caesarea, or found by chance. The source of much of present day knowledge of the styles and building methods of the classical world of . . . — Map (db m64466) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Architectural Elements
The gable, cornice, frieze and architrave are some of the architectural elements that were typical of the facades and other monumental structures. The ornamentation of these buildings changed according to the adopted style. In the Roman . . . — Map (db m65175) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Column Capitals
In the Classical World, Planning and Aesthetics principles were clear and unambiguous. The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders were elaborated by the Greeks and later, adopted by the Romans, with some variations. Each order bears its own rules and . . . — Map (db m64499) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Dedicatory Inscriptionכתובת הקדשה
"(Po)ntius Pilatus, the prefect of Judaea, (erected) a (building dedicated) to (the emperor) Tiberius". Replica. The original inscription, found in secondary use during the excavations of the theater, is on display at the . . . — Map (db m65173) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — I Appeal Unto Caesar
"For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die; but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar. Then Festus, when he had . . . — Map (db m64534) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — King Herod's Hippodrome
"Herod built (...) on the south quarter, behind the port, an amphitheater also capable of holding a vast number of men and conveniently situated for a prospect to the sea" Josephus This edifice, whose location . . . — Map (db m65176) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — King Herod's 'Hippodrome'
This hippodrome (circus* in Latin), built in 10/9 B.C. by King Herod for the inauguration of the city, held horse - and chariot - races, athletics, gladiatorial combat and hunting games. Before falling into disuse at the end of the Roman period, the . . . — Map (db m136047) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Sarcophagi
Sarcophagi (coffins in Greek) made of stone (granite, marble, limestone) lead or wood were widely used among different people including Jews, throughout the Greco-Roman world. Sarcophagus means "flesh eater". Stone coffins were made out of two . . . — Map (db m64501) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Sarcophagus LidAdorned With a Gorgon's Head
This Sarcophagus lid is decorated at both ends by mythological Gorgon heads in relief. Marble The Late Roman period (2nd - 3rd centuries CE)Map (db m136545) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Caesarea Nymphaeum
The nymphaeum was the public fountain that stood at the center of ancient Caesarea as one of the city's main monuments, and was situated at the intersection where the city's main street meets the Herodian port. The nymphaeum had a decorative . . . — Map (db m136550) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Chariot-RacesThe Meta Prima
The chariot races thrilled the crowds. The counterclockwise seven-lap race commenced at the starting gates (carceres) (1) and ended at a finishing line situated in front of the dignitaries' tribune (2). At each end of the axial rib . . . — Map (db m64537) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Chariot-RacesThe Carceres
From the starting gates (carceres), chariots dashed counterclockwise on a seven-lap race whose finishing line was situated in front of the officials' tribune. The sharp curve at the turning posts (meta prima and meta secunda), . . . — Map (db m136054) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Governor's Palace Baths
This bathhouse is the only important remain of the private wing of the Byzantine governor's palace, almost entirely destroyed by the construction of the medieval fortifications. — Map (db m136543) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Harbor "Sebastos"
The construction of the harbor was a far reaching enterprise, involving artificial islands built in the open sea and serving as bases for piers and breakwaters. Apparently, the raw materials and technology came with the Roman engineers sent by . . . — Map (db m136547) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Lower Palace
A refined palace with a swimming pool, once stood here. The sand only preserved its eastern wing, comprising a grand (dining?) complex: a central hall (Triclinium?) flanked by two small rooms on each side, all richly decorated, and provided with . . . — Map (db m136035) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Palace Vaults
These four long, parallel vaults, opening onto the west through a portico, first served as substructures of the Roman financial procurator's palace. In a later stage, a large ornamented hall was added in front of the vaults converted into warehouses. — Map (db m136542) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Promontory PalaceHerod's Palace & the Roman Praetorium
The edifice consists of two main units: the Lower Palace comprising the private wing, and the Upper Palace, housing the public wing. The latter, built around a large peristyle courtyard, was associated with the ruler's judicial and . . . — Map (db m64517) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Roman Well
Some sixty lead scroll fragments dating to the 4th. c. A.D., probably execrations tablets and binding spells, were recovered from this well, where they had been intentionally thrown as a magical practice. In his address on the dedication of the Holy . . . — Map (db m64532) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Theaterהתיאטרון
The only remnants left from the Theater of Caesarea are rows of seats, the orchestra, the stage and the scene-frons which is an ornamental wall behind the stage. How did it look like? Comparisons show that it might resemble the facade of a two or . . . — Map (db m64498) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — ExodusThe Ship that launched a Nation.
The S.S. Exodus was an American Aliyah Bet ship crewed by American volunteers together with Haganah operatives from pre-state Israel. Her mission was to rescue Holocaust survivors trapped in Europe after the murder of 6 million Jews, bringing them . . . — Map (db m134635) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — The German Colony StoryDie Geschichte der deutschen Kolonie
The establishment of the German Colony in 1869 is a milestone in the history of Haifa's development. In the middle of a sparsely populated and largely barren land, laboring under deficient rule, hundreds of German settlers characterized by great . . . — Map (db m79275) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — The Shrine of the Báb Terraces and Gardens
On 21 March 1909 the mortal remains of the Báb, one of the Central Figures of the Bahá'í Faith, were interred in the Shrine that is the focal point of these gardens. Martyred in Iran in 1850, the Báb had devoted Himself to preparing the way for . . . — Map (db m79010) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Public Grain Silo
A public grain silo from the time of King Jeroboam II (8th century BCE). The silo had a capacity of 450 cubic meters. Straw found between the stones attests to the function of the installation. — Map (db m65196) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Unique Continuity
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The deep section dug by the University of Chicago Expedition (1925-1939) provides a unique glimpse into the nearly thirty settlements built one on top of the other at the site. Due to the unique . . . — Map (db m64908) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — From Megiddo to Armageddon
The city of Megiddo played a prominent role in the history of the ancient Near East. Strategically located at the mouth of the Nahal Iron Pass, Megiddo controlled access to the road that linked Egypt with Mesopotamia and Anatolia - the most . . . — Map (db m64782) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Schumaker's Excavations
The first excavations at Tel Megiddo were directed by Gottlieb Schumacher on behalf of the Deutscher Palastina-Verein, between 1903 and 1905. After excavating the Tempelburg ('temple-fortress') in the eastern section of the mound, . . . — Map (db m65019) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Tel Megiddo National ParkWorld Heritage Site — The Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba —
The biblical tels of Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba were inscribed in 2005 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as World Heritage Sites with outstanding universal value. They are fitting representatives of . . . — Map (db m64811) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Late Bronze Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The Late Bronze period (1550-1150 B.C.) is marked by Egyptian rule of Canaan. At that time, Megiddo was one of the country's major city-states and its king a loyal vassal of the Egyptian pharaoh. . . . — Map (db m64821) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Iron II Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Megiddo became an Israelite city sometime between the 10th and 9th centuries B.C., and functioned as an administrative center for he fertile Jezreel Valley. Some time later, a massive wall (1) and a . . . — Map (db m64882) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The foundations of this palace, first investigated by Y. Yadin in 1960, are presently being excavated by 'The Megiddo Expedition'. The edifice was apparently laid out as a bit hilani (North . . . — Map (db m64898) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Architectural complexes dating from the same period (9th or 8th c. B.C.) and of similar design were found near the northern and southern edges of the mound. Through the years they variously . . . — Map (db m64889) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Sacred Area
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: This area served as a focus of worship for over two thousand years, from the Early Bronze through the Iron I periods. The University of Chicago excavation section a series of temples (1, 3-5) built . . . — Map (db m64985) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: An elaborate ashlar-built palace (1) stood near the southern edge of the mound. A monumental entrance (2) - the only visible remains still standing - led to the courtyard (3). Like the northern . . . — Map (db m65198) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The southern stables' five units could accommodate 150 horses. As in the northern complex, each unit consists of a rectangular building divided into three sections by two rows of alternating pillars . . . — Map (db m65204) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Water System
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The problem of supplying water to large cities, a serious issue even in times of peace, could become acute in times of siege. Megiddo's main water source was located at the foot of the mound, beyond . . . — Map (db m65215) HM
Israel, Haifa District, Sdot Yam — Caesarea / קיסריה
On this site of what was once a Phoenician town, Stratos Tower, King Herod (37-4 BCE) built a resplendent city and named it Caesarea in honor of his patron, Augustus Caesar. Its inhabitants – Romans, Samaritan, and Jews – enjoyed the . . . — Map (db m146243) HM
Israel, Haifa District (Israel), Haifa — Raoul Wallenberg's Residence
Raoul Wallenberg, a "Righteous Among the Nations", lived in this building in 1936, while working in the Holland Bank office in Haifa's lower downtown area.

In 1944, he was sent by the Swedish government as a diplomat to Hungary and . . . — Map (db m115458) HM


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Jun. 2, 2020