“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Eleanor Roosevelt Historical Markers

Markers in this series follow the details of the life of Eleanor Roosevelt. In addition to being a notable American First Lady, she was also a delegate to the United Nations, and a notable advocate for civil rights in the early 20th century.
Douglas International Airport Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, March 3, 2010
Douglas International Airport Marker
1 Arizona, Cochise County, Douglas — Douglas International Airport
At this location on June 5, 1933, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, dedicated Douglas International Airport as the first international airport in the United States. Designed by J. P. Sexton as the first . . . Map (db m28357) HM
2 California, San Diego County, San Diego — Balboa ParkThe city’s haven for culture and leisure
San Diego’s Cultural Oasis Located just minutes away from downtown San Diego, Balboa Park provides an enriching experience for more than 14 million visitors from near and far each year. Referred to as “the Smithsonian of the . . . Map (db m73907) HM
3 Connecticut, Fairfield County, Danbury — 12 — Marian AndersonDanbury, Connecticut — The Museum in the Streets® —
Marian Anderson was born in Philadelphia on February 27, 1897. Although her early musical training was sporadic, a scholarship enabled her to study abroad under distinguished teachers. When Arturo Toscanini heard her perform at the Salzburg . . . Map (db m193431) HM
4 Delaware, Sussex County, Selbyville — SC-154 — Home of John G. Townsend, Jr.
Constructed in 1904, this was once the residence of John G. Townsend, Jr. (1871-1964), agricultural pioneer and statesman. His long and distinguished public career included service as Governor of Delaware (1917-21), United States Senator . . . Map (db m37344) HM
5 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Downtown — White House Kitchen GardenNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
”. . . Now I shall plant, if at all, more for the public than for myself.” John Quincy Adams, diary entry for July 5, 1826, shortly before beginning the first major planting program at the White House. Massachusetts . . . Map (db m61677) HM
6 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, LeDroit Park — 4 — Government GirlsWorthy Ambition — LeDroit Park/Bloomingdale Heritage Trail —
To your right is Lucy Diggs Slowe Hall, a Howard University dormitory. It opened in 1942 as U.S. government housing for African American women who came to DC to take new war-related jobs or fill in for men who left to join the military during . . . Map (db m130836) HM
7 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Sheridan-Kalorama — 14 — Women of InfluenceSheridan Kalorama — Call Box Restoration Project —
Sheridan-Kalorama has been home to many influential women. While she lobbied our political leaders to support Nationalist China, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek lived nearby at 2443 Kalorama Rd. Others include presidential wives Eleanor Roosevelt, a wise . . . Map (db m112604) HM
8 District of Columbia, Washington, Southeast Washington, Barney Circle — Seafarers Yacht Club1950 M Street, SE — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC —
The Seafarers Yacht Club is the oldest African American boat club on the East Coast. It was founded in 1945 by Lewis T. Green, Sr., a vocational arts teacher in the DC Public Schools who built boats as a hobby. Needing a dock, he contacted the U.S. . . . Map (db m89445) HM
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9 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, Southwest Waterfront — "a magnificent waterfront entranceway…"
"a magnificent waterfront entranceway…" Pierre Charles L'Enfant architect of the Nation's Capital City, describing the Southwest Waterfront to President George Washington
Situated at the confluence of the Potomac and . . . Map (db m109326) HM
10 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, Southwest Waterfront — Can you identify these famous Civil Rights leaders?All four lived in this Southwest DC neighborhood! Reported unreadable
Who are these famous Civil Rights leaders? Barbara Jordan (upper left)(some text missing due to illegibility) Patsy Mink (wearing...    (some text missing due to illegibility) ... supporter of civil rights . . . Map (db m130649) HM
11 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, Southwest Waterfront — Dr. Dorothy Height
Dr. Dorothy Height worked to advance women's, civil, and human rights with many of our nation's leaders. How many can you recognize? Back Dr. Dorothy Height Has lived at 700 7th Street, SW since 1983. As President Emmerita . . . Map (db m112797) HM
12 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, West Potomac Park — A Carefully Crafted ImagePrologue — Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial —
The original 1997 memorial barely hinted at Franklin Roosevelt's paralyzed legs - much as FDR had during his Presidency. Roosevelt's battle with polio was not a secret. The president worried that if people knew he was unable to walk, his . . . Map (db m197626) HM
13 District of Columbia, Washington, Southwest Washington, West Potomac Park — The United Nations1945 / Fourth Term — Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial —
FDR believed that the failure of an international organization after World War I led directly to World War II. Under Roosevelt's urging, representatives from 26 countries signed a "Declaration by United Nations" in 1942. After FDR died, Eleanor . . . Map (db m197637) HM
14 Florida, Seminole County, Sanford — Hellen Keller GroveFeatured Tree — Hellen Keller Southern Magnolia
1 • Helen Keller Southern Magnolia Planted on July 9, 2000 by family in honor of Venus Guess a devoted mother and grandmother. The towering Helen Keller Southern Magnolia may have been one of the trees Helen Keller climbed in the yard . . . Map (db m214868) HM
15 Georgia, Floyd County, Rome — Ellen Louise Axson WilsonWife of the 28th President of the United States
Born in Savannah, Georgia, May 15, 1860 Moved to Rome, Georgia, March 1866 Graduated from Rome Female College, 1876 Attended New York Art Students League, 1884-1885 Her father, The Rev. Mr. Samuel Edward Axson was pastor of Rome’s . . . Map (db m39430) HM
16 Georgia, Fulton County, Roswell — 060-40B — Bulloch Hall
Built in the early 1840's by Major James Stephen Bulloch. His second wife, married in 1832, was Martha Elliott. Their second daughter, Martha (Mittie) Bulloch and Theodore Roosevelt married here in 1853. Their son Theodore Roosevelt was the 25th . . . Map (db m55963) HM
17 Georgia, Tift County, Tifton — Henry Tift Myers1907-1968
Lt. Col. Henry Tift Myers was born in the Myon Hotel in Tifton on September 16, 1907. He graduated from Culver Military Academy in 1925 and the University of Georgia in 1929. He joined the Army Air Corps, graduating at the top of his class in 1932. . . . Map (db m197699) HM
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18 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Downtown — Franklin & Eleanor Roosevelt(FDR: January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945 | AER: October 11, 1884 - November 1, 1962)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) and Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (AER) were one of the first power couples in American politics. FDR's sweeping vision helped rescue the United States from the worst economic depression in its history and led the country . . . Map (db m132850) HM
19 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Mile Square — 49.2016.2 — Senate Avenue YMCA Reported missing
African-American leaders formed the Young Men’s Prayer Band in 1900. It became a branch of the city YMCA by 1910. Black and white leaders helped raise funds for a new building here, which opened as the Senate Avenue YMCA in 1913. Booker T. . . . Map (db m127963) HM
20 Louisiana, Orleans Parish, New Orleans, Seventh Ward — Fannie C. Williams / Valena C. Jones Elementary School
Fannie C Williams Pioneer in Public EducationAs one of New Orleans' premier educators in the first half of the twentieth century, Fannie C. Williams steered this school through decades of challenge and change. An active civic leader, she was . . . Map (db m115964) HM
21 Maine, Waldo County, Belfast — 20 — The Nut House / Ah ! La noixBelfast, Maine — The Museum in the Streets —
Originally a cigar making factory, the building shown became Perry's Tropical Nut House when owner Irving Perry started selling pecans in 1926. The business flourished as automobile traffic along Route 1 grew and it soon became . . . Map (db m59506) HM
22 Maryland, Prince George's County, Fairmount Heights — 72-09-40 — Sylvan Vista Baptist Church1103 60th Avenue — Documented Property, Built in 1925 —
The first service of the Sylvan Baptist Church was held on the first Sunday in July, 1925, under a brush harbor on this site. The church was organized with six Baptist believers in Christ. Deacons Earl Luckett, John Lane, William Lane, Ambrose . . . Map (db m125050) HM
23 Maryland, Prince George's County, Greenbelt — Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Memorial Tree
First Lady of the Land, First Lady of the World, wife of our 32nd President, First Chairman of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights. From this point she surveyed the site and spurred the work of building Greenbelt, the first garden community in the . . . Map (db m188) HM
24 Maryland, Prince George's County, Greenbelt — Eleanor Roosevelt
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt took a great interest in Greenbelt and visited the town on numerous occasions. Mrs. Roosevelt participated directly in extensive planning and development. She believed that decent housing and a nurturing environment . . . Map (db m2474) HM
25 Massachusetts, Hampshire County, Northampton — Upper Main Street
Commercial development along upper Main Street followed the industrial expansion spurred by the Civil War. As Northampton became a manufacturing center, its business district expanded to accommodate a growing and changing population. In the 1860s . . . Map (db m138438) HM
26 Mississippi, Adams County, Natchez — Intersection of Main and North Pearl streetsNatchez Trails
The 1927 Eola Hotel is the tallest building in downtown Natchez. Named for Eola Levy, the daughter of developer Isadore Levy, it became a center for social activity for the city. Celebrities who visited the hotel in the mid-1900s . . . Map (db m114303) HM
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27 New Jersey, Essex County, West Orange — Mina Miller EdisonWomen's Heritage Trail
Mina Miller Edison was not content simply to be the wife of America's most famous inventor. As a devout Methodist, she firmly believed that each individual possesses the power to make positive change in their community. Her passion for . . . Map (db m95020) HM
28 New Jersey, Monmouth County, Middletown Township, Sandy Hook — 28 — World War II Victory GardenFort Hancock
Plant a Victory GardenAfter World War II began, nearly all of America’s industries converted to wartime production. Companies that built radios, cars and refrigerators began to manufacture jeeps, trucks and planes. This placed a great strain on . . . Map (db m54509) HM
29 New York, Dutchess County, Hyde Park — Springwood
The house before you today is dramatically different from the farmhouse FDR’s father purchased in 1867. Over the years, the home reflected the changing circumstances in FDR’s life. In good times, he expanded the house to meet the needs of his . . . Map (db m83110) HM
30 New York, Nassau County, Oyster Bay — Old OrchardSagamore Hill National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
“Tired of living here and there in rented houses,” wrote Eleanor Roosevelt, in 1937 she and her husband Ted Jr. purchased four acres of Sagamore Hill from his mother. The Georgian-style home, built in 1938, sat at the south end of the . . . Map (db m90365) HM
31 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Greenwich Village — Eleanor Roosevelt
Resided at 20 East 11th Street From 1933 to 1942Map (db m55751) HM
32 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Greenwich Village — Eleanor Roosevelt
October 11, 1884 - November 7, 1962 Humanitarian, Reformer, Stateswoman made this her Greenwich Village home from 1942 until 1949Map (db m214277) HM
33 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Greenwich Village — Fiorello La Guardia StatueLa Guardia Gardens
Unveiled in 1994, this dynamic statue of Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia (1882-1947) is by the well-known sculptor Neil Estern (b. 1926). La Guardia, the son of a United States Army bandleader, was born on December 11, 1882, at 177 Sullivan Street in . . . Map (db m140734) HM
34 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Greenwich Village — Shirley Hayes and the Preservation of Washington Square Park
In the early 1950s , the City of New York proposed running a four-lane, partially sunken broadway through the middle of Washington Square Park. In February 1952, Mrs. Shirley Hayes (1912-2002), a young mother of four sons (Dennis, Timothy, . . . Map (db m138949) HM
35 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Lenox Hill — Eleanor Roosevelt1884 - 1962
The first lady of The United States (1933 - 1945), as a political activist known for her unwavering support for human rights, lived here from 1959 to 1962. As a delegate to The United Nations (1946 - 1952), she chaired the commission that drafted . . . Map (db m152503) HM
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36 New York, New York County, Manhattan, Upper West Side — Anna Eleanor Roosevelt1884 – 1962
Born in New York City on October 11, 1884, she was orphaned at age ten and educated in England. She married Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1905 and bore six children between 1906 and 1916. She became a leader in New York State’s Democratic Party in . . . Map (db m170326) HM
37 New York, Ulster County, Highland — Mid-Hudson Bridge Dedication400 Years of History
Eleanor Roosevelt, joined by the state superintendent of public works (left) and the bridge designers (right), cuts the ribbon at the August 25, 1930, opening of the Mid-Hudson Bridge. Background photograph courtesy New York State Bridge . . . Map (db m145280) HM
38 North Carolina, Polk County, Tryon — Tryon Toy House
Constructed 1925 as retail showroom and office for Tryon Toy Makers and Wood Carvers, famous craft enterprise founded by Charlotte Yale and Eleanor Vance in 1915. Designed by Tryon architect J. Foster Searles to evoke the European inspiration for . . . Map (db m40924) HM
39 Ohio, Athens County, Athens — Ohio University's Distinguished Visitors
Susan Brownell Anthony Woman Suffrage Leader Visited October 19, 1878 "To secure both national and 'domestic tranquility,' to 'establish justice,' to carry out the spirit of our Constitution, put into the hands of all women....the . . . Map (db m53838) HM
40 Ohio, Delaware County, Delaware — University Hall and Gray Chapel
University Hall was completed in 1893. It is constructed of Amherst Sandstone. The bell tower rises to a height of 148 feet. The structure houses administrative offices, classrooms, and the legendary Gray Chapel. Among the celebrities who have . . . Map (db m12845) HM
41 Pennsylvania, Fulton County, McConnellsburg — Traveling the Lincoln HighwayLincoln Highway Heritage Corridor
Carved out of a remote wilderness, McConnellsburg served the flood of travelers heading west in the late 18th century. Taverns, like the Fulton House, sprang up all along the packhorse trail from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. Whether by . . . Map (db m167242) HM
42 Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Philadelphia, Center City East — On this block in 1939
The Public Ledger Building, on the south side of the 600 block of Chestnut Street, was designed by Horace Trumbauer and completed in 1924. The Public Ledger was Philadelphia's leading newspaper during the early 1900's and was absorbed into . . . Map (db m220488) HM
43 Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Philadelphia, Center City West — 20th & WalnutOn this block in 1939
The Evening Bulletin published the photo (large image) in 1939 of the "old Henry Charles Lea Mansion, which is being torn down to make way for a modern funeral home." The Bringhurst Funeral home (bottom left) at the southwest corner of . . . Map (db m191917) HM
44 Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, Norvelt — Norvelt
Originally called "Westmoreland Homesteads," Norvelt was established April 13, 1934, by the federal government as part of a New Deal homestead project. With 250 homes, Norvelt provided housing, work, and a community environment to unemployed workers . . . Map (db m55589) HM
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45 Tennessee, Grundy County, Monteagle — 2E 75 — Highlander Folk School1932-1962
In 1932, Myles Horton and Don West founded Highlander Folk School, located ½ mile north of this site. It quickly became one of the few schools in the South committed to the cause of organized labor, economic justice. and an end to racial . . . Map (db m150471) HM
46 Texas, Swisher County, Happy — 14105 — Happy Public Schools
Formal education began for students of Happy, Texas when the original settlement, two miles east, moved to this townsite in 1906 in response to the newly laid Santa Fe Rail Line. Sarah Ann Rose taught local students in a one-room frame schoolhouse . . . Map (db m91351) HM
47 Vermont, Windsor County, South Royalton — Wagon Wheels FarmTourists Accommodated, 1937-1942
The farmhouse on this site, dating from the late-18th century, was purchased by Irene and Robert Slater in 1934, along with a barn and 145 acres of land. During the Great Depression, like many Vermont farmers, the Slaters took in tourists to . . . Map (db m85971) HM
48 Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 19 — "Forward Into Light," Toward Equality, 1920 - Present / The 19th Amendment
"Forward Into Light," Toward Equality, 1920 - Present
"…woman is man's equal…" From the Resolutions adopted at the Seneca Falls convention, July 1848
Suffragists' Stunning Victory . . . Map (db m197367) HM
49 Virginia, Grayson County, Whitetop — UE-9 — White Top Folk Festival
The White Top Folk Festival was held annually from 1931 to 1939, (except 1937) on Whitetop Mountain—the second highest peak in Virginia. Annabel Morris Buchanan, John Powell, and John A. Blakemore organized the event that featured banjo . . . Map (db m65774) HM
50 Virginia, Grayson County, Whitetop — WhitetopMt. Rogers — The Crooked Road — Virginia’s Heritage Music Trail —
Whitetop, Mt. Rogers. Visible at great distances, Whitetop Mountain was known as the “Meadow Mountain” in colonial times. With a climate similar to southern Canada, this beloved mountain is Virginia’s second highest peak and immediately . . . Map (db m71555) HM
51 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — The Original Cooperative CenterCommercial Hub — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
This was the commercial hub of Aberdeen Gardens, a mini-mall that included a grocery store, barbershop and tavern. Although it has seen many changes since the neighborhood was created in 1939, it has been a vital part of the community. . . . Map (db m166457) HM
52 Virginia, York County, Yorktown — USS Yorktown
Since the October 19, 1781, victory at Yorktown, Virginia, five U.S. Navy ships have been named Yorktown. The first (1840) was constructed at Gosport Shipyard, the present-day Norfolk Naval Shipyard. The 16-gun ship sloop hit a reef in the . . . Map (db m64612) HM
53 West Virginia, Monongalia County, Morgantown — Seneca Glass Company
In 1891, a small group of glass-making artisans from Seneca County, Ohio, founded the Seneca Glass Company. For almost 100 years, Seneca Glass Company’s highly skilled craftspeople manufactured glassware and exquisitely etched lead crystal by hand, . . . Map (db m74624) HM
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54 West Virginia, Monongalia County, Osage — Eleanor Roosevelt1933
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visited Scott's Run in 1933 in the height of the Great Depression when FDR was creating the New Deal. She visited households without fanfare (including Lou Birurakis' mother) and even went into the mines. Upon seeing the . . . Map (db m176173) HM
55 West Virginia, Monongalia County, Pursglove — Scotts Run / The First Shack
Scotts Run By the 1930s 10,000 residents representing 28 nationalities and tied to the coal industry crowded the hillsides, victims of severe poverty brought on by a coal recession and Great Depression. "The Shack" and Scotts Run Settlement . . . Map (db m50473) HM
56 West Virginia, Monongalia County, Westover — Monongalia High School Reported damaged
From 1938 to 1954, Monongalia High was the only African American high school in the county. New Deal WPA funds paid for the new school. Dedicated by Eleanor Roosevelt on May 27, 1938, it served black high school students until 1954, when the county . . . Map (db m213807) HM
57 West Virginia, Preston County, Arthurdale — Arthurdale
Established 1933,-'34 under Federal Homestead Act, one of several model planned-communities nationwide, and a pet project of Eleanor Roosevelt, to assist unemployed through self-sufficient farming and handicrafts. Town built on 2,400 acres, . . . Map (db m169689) HM
58 West Virginia, Preston County, Arthurdale — Community At Arthurdale
"We felt like one big family, willing to help someone with their troubles. Nobody had too much; we were all striving for the same thing." - Lova McNair
Because Arthurdale depended on the homesteaders working together . . . Map (db m170280) HM
59 West Virginia, Preston County, Arthurdale — The Great Hall
The Great Hall was used for Town Meetings, Social Events and Worship by the original Homesteaders. The idea for the hall was Eleanor Roosevelts and she supervised the construction. Material for the building came from the first church in Valley . . . Map (db m170265) HM
60 West Virginia, Preston County, Aurora — Preston County / Maryland
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. . . . Map (db m156429) HM
61 West Virginia, Preston County, Bruceton Mills — Monongalia County / Preston County Reported missing
Monongalia County. Formed, 1776, from District of West Augusta. All or parts of 21 other counties, including three in Pennsylvania, were carved from it. Named for the Monongahela River, bearing an Indian name, which means the "River of Caving . . . Map (db m83470) HM
62 West Virginia, Preston County, Glade Farm — Preston County / Pennsylvania
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. . . . Map (db m74509) HM
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63 West Virginia, Preston County, Hopemont — Preston County / Maryland
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. . . . Map (db m75147) HM
64 West Virginia, Preston County, Silver Lake — Preston County / Maryland
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. . . . Map (db m153129) HM
65 West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Humboldt Yokum House
This house was built in 1890 by Dr. Humboldt Yokum. The son of Dr. George Yokum, he grew up in the house next door. Humboldt acted as peace emissary during the controversy over moving the county seat. He rode into Elkins to head off the faction of . . . Map (db m24789) HM
66 West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — West Virginia Historic New Deal / CCC TrailTygart Valley Homesteads
The earliest efforts to provide relief in the coal camps were privately funded. In May 1933, as part of the First Hundred Days legislation, Congress passed the National Industrial Recovery Act. This included funds for the subsistence homestead . . . Map (db m165098) HM
67 West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Kump House / Herman Guy Kump
Kump House Home of Gov. Herman Guy Kump. Built 1924-25, on site of Civil War-era Goddin Tavern. Designed by Clarence Harding of Washington, DC. Eleanor Roosevelt and other notables were guests during 1930s and '40s. Named to National . . . Map (db m23300) HM
68 New Brunswick, Charlotte County, Campobello — James and Sara Roosevelt Cottage
On this site, in 1885, James Roosevelt, businessman and country gentleman of Hyde Park, New york, built the cottage shown below. The Cottage was intended to be a summer retreat for his wife, Sara Delano, and their son Franklin Delano Roosevelt. . . . Map (db m25456) HM
69 New Brunswick, Charlotte County, Welshpool — Passamaquoddy Tribe / La Tribu Passamaquoddy
Passamaquoddy Bay takes its name from the Native American Passamaquoddy Tribe. The word means People of the Pollock-Spearing Place. The Passamaquoddy have a rich heritage, once occupying much of what is now eastern Maine and western New . . . Map (db m63617) HM
70 New Brunswick, Charlotte County, Welshpool — Roosevelt Campobello International ParkLe Parc International Roosevelt de Campobello
The Roosevelt Campobello International Park is a unique example of international cooperation - jointly administered, staffed, and funded by the peoples of Canada and the United States. Established by international treaty in 1964, the . . . Map (db m63591) HM
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Jun. 7, 2023