“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Middletown, Virginia

Clickable Map of Frederick County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Frederick County, VA (179) Clarke County, VA (73) Shenandoah County, VA (211) Warren County, VA (43) Winchester Ind. City, VA (126) Berkeley County, WV (102) Hampshire County, WV (72) Hardy County, WV (41) Jefferson County, WV (341) Morgan County, WV (102)  FrederickCounty(179) Frederick County (179)  ClarkeCounty(73) Clarke County (73)  ShenandoahCounty(211) Shenandoah County (211)  WarrenCounty(43) Warren County (43)  (126) Winchester (126)  BerkeleyCountyWest Virginia(102) Berkeley County (102)  HampshireCounty(72) Hampshire County (72)  HardyCounty(41) Hardy County (41)  JeffersonCounty(341) Jefferson County (341)  MorganCounty(102) Morgan County (102)
Location of Middletown, Virginia
    Frederick County (179)
    Clarke County (73)
    Shenandoah County (211)
    Warren County (43)
    Winchester (126)
    Berkeley County, West Virginia (102)
    Hampshire County, West Virginia (72)
    Hardy County, West Virginia (41)
    Jefferson County, West Virginia (341)
    Morgan County, West Virginia (102)
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1Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — 128th New York Volunteer Regiment
Dedicated on 15 October 1907, this monument is adjacent to the original Valley Pike right of way. It marks the eastern limit of the XIX U.S. Corps positions occupied on 19 October 1864 and is at the approximate point where U.S. Generals Horatio G. . . . Map (db m3397) HM
2Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — 128th Regt N.Y.S.V.I.
In Memory of The Men of This Regiment Who Lost Their Lives at the Battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864 Erected by Their Comrades and Friends Dedicated in 1907Map (db m117458) WM
3Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — 1st Maine Battery
Captain Eben D. Haley's 1st Maine Light Artillery occupied a knoll behind the contact point of Colonel Daniel Macaulay's 3rd Brigade and Brigadier General Henry W. Birge's 1st Brigade. The battery quickly came under Confederate artillery fire and . . . Map (db m3427) HM
4Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A Rich Prize7:00 a.m. — Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park —
Belle Grove was Union headquarters, and thus was surrounded by hundreds of supply wagons, ambulances and tents. As the Confederate advance neared the plantation manor house there was a scramble to evacuate them to safely. Most escaped capture. . . . Map (db m123963) HM
5Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-15 — Battle of Cedar Creek
Near this point General Early, on the morning of October 19, 1864, stopped his advance and from this position he was driven by Sheridan in the afternoon.Map (db m568) HM
6Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Battle of Cedar CreekOctober 19, 1864
General Philip Sheridan defeated General Jubal Early here for the third time in 30 days. Sheridan’s pursuit of Confederates from Fisher’s Hill halted at Mount Crawford. On his return he encamped his three corps in this immediate area. Early followed . . . Map (db m581) HM
7Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Battle of Cedar Creek
The Battle of Cedar Creek 19 October 1864 (a.m.) Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s Union forces established themselves on both sides of the Valley Pike, north of Cedar Creek, centered on Belle Grove. Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early . . . Map (db m15171) HM
8Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-56 — Battle of Cedar Creek
In early Oct. 1864, portions of Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s army bivouacked here on the hills and rolling farmland just north of Cedar Creek along the Valley Turnpike (present-day U.S. Rte. 11). Just before daybreak on 19 Oct., Confederate . . . Map (db m50310) HM
9Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Battle of Cedar Creek
The Battle of Cedar Creek 19 October 1864 (a.m.) Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s Union forces established themselves on both sides of the Valley Pike, north of Cedar Creek, centered on Belle Grove. Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. . . . Map (db m78063) HM
10Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Battle of Cedar CreekUnion Left Flank — 1864 Valley Campaign —
(Preface): The fertile Shenandoah Valley was the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy" as well as an avenue of invasion. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's march north and his raid on Washington, D.C., in June-July 1864 alerted Union Gen. Ulysses . . . Map (db m78137) HM
11Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Battle of Cedar Creek 1864
CS - USMap (db m117594) WM
12Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Battlefield Center
From this position (Belle Grove Mansion is west of here) most of the VI and XIX U.S. Corps camps were visible on 19 October 1864. The XIX Corps camped close to their earthworks along the ridge to the south. VI Corps units were placed along the . . . Map (db m3363) HM
13Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Bearing the BruntCedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On October 15, 1907, veterans of the 128th New York Regiment met on the Cedar Creek battlefield to dedicate the monument to their unit. These men, along with the rest of the 19th Corps, had borne the brunt of the Confederate attack against their . . . Map (db m117461) HM
14Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Cedar CreekThe 8th Vermont Vol's
Genl. Stephen Thomas commanding brigade advanced across the Pike the morning of Oct. 19, 1864. Engaged the enemy near and beyond this point, and before sunrise lost in killed and wounded 110 men. Three color bearers were shot down and 13 out of 16 . . . Map (db m158568) HM
15Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove
Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the jurisdiction of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the . . . Map (db m92700) HM
16Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Colonel Charles Russell Lowell
Commanding Reserve Brigade Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah Fell in action near this place October 19, 1864 Useful Citizen * Gallant Soldier He died too early for his country (reverse side) Cedar . . . Map (db m1868) HM
17Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-14 — End Of Sheridan’s Ride
This knoll marks the position of the Union Army when Sheridan rejoined it at 10:30 A.M., October 19, 1864, in the Battle of Cedar Creek. His arrival, with Wright's efforts, checked the Union retreat.Map (db m577) HM
18Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-16 — Engagement Of Middletown
Here Stonewall Jackson, on May 24, 1862, attacked Banks retreating from Strasburg and forced him to divide his army.Map (db m578) HM
19Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Eve of BattleCedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On the night of October 18, 1864, tents sheltering part of General Philip Sheridan's 32,000 strong Union Army of the Shenandoah blanketed the fields before you. Numerous supply wagons stood around Belle Grove. Above the banks of Cedar Creek, more . . . Map (db m117576) HM
20Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Z-179 — Frederick County / Shenandoah County
(South Facing Side): Frederick County Area 485 Square Miles Formed in 1738 from Orange, and named for Frederick, Prince of Wales, Father of King George III. Several battles were fought in the vicinity of Winchester, 1862-1864. (North . . . Map (db m3430) HM
21Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Heater Fields
The 2nd (Vermont) Brigade of the 2nd Division, VI U.S. Corps, briefly deployed around the Heater House as skirmishers in the first federal effort to stop the 19 October 1864 Confederate morning attack. When this proved unfeasible, the entire . . . Map (db m155787) HM
22Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Heater House
Probably built around 1800, this clapboard-covered log house was once the center of a prosperous 600 acre farm owned by Solomon and Caroline Wunder Heater. Although two of her sons died in Confederate service, Mrs. Heater, a native of Pennsylvania, . . . Map (db m155785) HM
23Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — In Honor of Joist Hite (1685-1761)
Pioneer settler of the Shenandoah ValleyMap (db m158577) HM
24Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-105 — Middletown
The Virginia General Assembly established Middletown in 1794. Dr. Peter Senseney laid out the original lots for the village. Surrounded by farms and plantations, including historic Belle Grove, the community grew along the Great Wagon Road, which . . . Map (db m1862) HM
25Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Middletown Virginia
. . . Map (db m158585) HM
26Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Molineux's 2nd Brigade
The westernmost brigade of U.S. Brigadier General Cuvier Grover's 2nd Division, XIX U.S. Corps, the 2nd Brigade first came under pressure when C.S. Major General Joseph B. Kershaw's Division attacked its front and left. Then C.S. Major General John . . . Map (db m3428) HM
27Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Monte Vista
This Property Has Been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Circa 1883Map (db m78060) HM
28Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — N.C. Troops at Cedar Creek
Brig Gen John Pegram’s Division Lt Col William Davis Brigade (Formerly Brig Gen Archibald Godwin’s) 6th North Carolina 21st North Carolina 54th North Carolina 57th North Carolina Brig Gen Robert D. Johnston’s Brigade 5th North . . . Map (db m123872) HM WM
29Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Old Hall at Belle Grove
In 1783, Isaac Hite, Jr. married Nelly Madison Hite of Montpelier, and acquired by grant from his father the 483 acre tract that was to become the center of Belle Grove Plantation. Until the elegant manor house was built between 1794 and 1797, the . . . Map (db m44581) HM
30Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Old Hall at Belle Grove
When Isaac Hite, Jr. and Nelly Conway Madison of Montpelier were married in 1783, they received from his father a 48-acre tract that became the centerpiece of Belle Grove Plantation. Old Hall, as it is known today, was already in place at the . . . Map (db m158576) HM
31Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-37 — Old Stone Fort
One mile west is the old stone fort, built about 1755. The northern end is loop-holed for defense against indians.Map (db m569) HM
32Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Plantation Office & Store
This is the oldest building still standing at Belle Grove. Established as part of Isaac Hite Jr.'s plantation, the construction date of 1788 comes from dendrochronology, the analysis of tree ring growth in the wood used for the beams of the . . . Map (db m158566) HM
33Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Plantation SlaveryCedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In the Shenandoah Valley, small family farms were the norm but plantations did exist, including Belle Grove. Major Isaac Hite, Jr. and his family recorded 276 enslaved people that they owned between 1783 and 1851. Some worked raising crops of . . . Map (db m158575) HM
34Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Ramseur Monument
Esse Quam Videri Northwest of this tablet, 800 yards, is the Belle Grove House in which died, October 20, 1864, of wounds received at Cedar Creek October 19, 1864, Maj.-Gen. Stephen Dodson Ramseur, C.S.A. A native of North Carolina, he . . . Map (db m18684) HM
35Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Shenandoah At WarOne story… a thousand voices
If this Valley is lost, Virginia is lost! —General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
During the American Civil War, control of the Shenandoah Valley was critical to the fate of Virginia and the . . . Map (db m158569) HM
36Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Slowing the AdvanceThe Morning Attack Trails — Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park —
Following the successful Confederate surprise attack, Union forces from the 8th and 19th corps formed battle lines across the woods and fields in front of you, in the hopes of slowing the overwhelming Southern assault moving in this direction. . . . Map (db m158565) HM
37Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — The Battle of Cedar Creek
Fought on these hills and fields, Oct 19, 1864. Gen. Jubal A. Early's 22,000 Confederates attacked Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's 60,000 Federals. The first assault a surprise flank movement by Gen. John B. Gordon, was a Confederate success. This . . . Map (db m3380) HM
38Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — The Battle of Cedar CreekBy Julian Scott
In 1870 the Vermont Legislature commissioned a painting for the State House by artist Julian Scott to commemorate the valor of the state's Civil War soldiers. The Battle of Cedar Creek, in which more Vermont regiments were under fire than any . . . Map (db m78349) HM
39Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — The Cauldron
The defense of the high ground around Middletown Cemetery by the 2nd Division, U. S. VI Corps, stopped the Confederate momentum. Confederate forces from the divisions of Generals Stephen D. Ramseur and Gabriel Wharton regrouped in the area between . . . Map (db m36752) HM
40Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — The Enslaved Burial Ground
The fenced area within the orchard is believed to be a burial ground for some of the men, women, and children enslaved by the Hite family at Belle Grove. As is typical at many such graveyards, simple uninscribed stones mark the graves. Additional . . . Map (db m158581) HM
41Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — The Shenandoah Valley / Battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Shenandoah Valley Welcome to Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, renowned in story and song. The valley has been home to American Indians and early settlers from Germany, Ireland, and Scotland who followed the Indians' Warrior Path and turned . . . Map (db m158561) HM
42Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-17 — Tomb Of An Unknown Soldier
On the highest mountain top to the southeast is the grave of an unknown soldier. The mountain top was used as a signal station by both armies, 1861-1865.Map (db m586) HM
43Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Union Camps
Federal wagons and teams were in camp, close to and along the pike, while the shelter tents of the soldiers were arranged close to the earthworks themselves. By 8 A.M. on 19 October 1864, the area was filled with withdrawing units and individuals, . . . Map (db m91963) HM
44Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Union Trenches
The main portion of the XIX U.S. Corps earthworks began here and extended one mile westward. Colonel Daniel Macaulay's 3rd Brigade, a part of Brigadier General Cuvier Grover's 2nd Division, occupied them with the 128th New York and 38th . . . Map (db m3399) HM
45Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Union Withdrawal
Elements of Brigadier General James W. MacMillan's 1st Division, XIX U.S. Corps, left their part of the earthworks to fight C.S. Major General John B. Gordon's men closer to the Valley Pike. When Colonel Edward L. Molineux's and Brigadier General . . . Map (db m3429) HM
46Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Vermont at Cedar Creek
Vermont soldiers played an important role in the Union victory at Cedar Creek. In a desperate stand made to slow the early morning onslaught of confederate Jubal Early’s army, the Eighth Vermont Regiment lost 110 of its 164 men engaged. The First . . . Map (db m155786) HM
May. 9, 2021