“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Russell County, Alabama

Clickable Map of Russell County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Russell County, AL (72) Barbour County, AL (70) Bullock County, AL (23) Lee County, AL (74) Macon County, AL (90) Chattahoochee County, GA (19) Muscogee County, GA (184) Stewart County, GA (29)  RussellCounty(72) Russell County (72)  BarbourCounty(70) Barbour County (70)  BullockCounty(23) Bullock County (23)  LeeCounty(74) Lee County (74)  MaconCounty(90) Macon County (90)  ChattahoocheeCountyGeorgia(19) Chattahoochee County (19)  MuscogeeCounty(184) Muscogee County (184)  StewartCounty(29) Stewart County (29)
Phenix City is the county seat for Russell County
Adjacent to Russell County, Alabama
      Barbour County (70)  
      Bullock County (23)  
      Lee County (74)  
      Macon County (90)  
      Chattahoochee County, Georgia (19)  
      Muscogee County, Georgia (184)  
      Stewart County, Georgia (29)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
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1 Alabama, Russell County, Crawford — Crockettsville — Crawford, Alabama
The community of Crockettsville was settled at about the time Russell County was formed in 1832. Among the first settlers were Jerry Segar and Green Sewell. It was named in honor of David "Davy" Crockett who served as a scout in Andrew Jackson's . . . Map (db m33541) HM
2 Alabama, Russell County, Crawford — Shiloh Baptist Church
The Shiloh Baptist Church was constituted on March 27, 1852. Shortly thereafter, a house of worship was erected on what is now the present church site. The earliest marked grave in the church cemetery bears the date of 1854. A new building was . . . Map (db m154410) HM
3 Alabama, Russell County, Crawford — Tuckabatchee Masonic Lodge
This historic building was erected in 1848 to serve as the Tuckabatchee Masonic Lodge No. 96. At the time, this community of Crawford, Alabama (formerly known as Crockettsville from 1832 - 1843, named after Davy Crockett) was the county seat of . . . Map (db m111586) HM
4 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Benning — Fryar Field
Named in honor of Pvt Elmer E. Fryar Congressional Medal of Honor 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment United States ArmyMap (db m60416) WM
5 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Address by President Lincoln — At the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, . . . Map (db m120002) WM
6 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Archaeology And Our Understanding of the Creek People — Creek Heritage Trail —
Archaeology is the scientific study of the past through analysis of physical traces of daily life discovered through excavation. It enables us to extend our knowledge of human history beyond the limits of written records and to learn details about . . . Map (db m101816) HM
7 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Asbury School and Mission — 1 Mile North of Ft. Mitchell
In September 1821 Rev. William Capers was sent to Fort Mitchell, by the South Carolina Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to negotiate with the chiefs of the Creek Indian Nations for a mission which would teach their children reading, . . . Map (db m26121) HM
8 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, American's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Russell County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King . . . Map (db m164144) HM
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9 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Creek Towns — Creek Heritage Trail — Historic Chattahoochee Commission —
Creek Towns At its height, the Creek Nation consisted of about 20,000 people living in more than seventy townships, or talwas (tvlwv), scattered throughout modern-day Alabama and Georgia. Creek townships commonly consisted of a primary . . . Map (db m120007) HM
10 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Cultural Exchange and Cooperation — Creek Heritage Trail — Historic Chattahoochee Commission —
Cultural Exchange and Cooperation Though significant cultural conflict characterized Creek-American relations in the Chattahoochee Valley, and Creeks faced numerous forms of exploitation, not all relationships between Creeks and settlers were . . . Map (db m120019) HM
11 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell — <----- 5 miles -----
Built during Creek War 1813 by Georgia Militia on main Indian trade route to Tombigbee River U.S. Troops stationed here until 1837 1836 Lower Creeks corralled here for forced removal to the WestMap (db m26069) HM
12 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell
Fort Mitchell Fort Mitchell is located on the Federal Road on the West bank overlooking the Chattahoochee River. General John Floyd received orders from Governor David B. Mitchell to pick up supplies, cross the Chattahoochee River and . . . Map (db m120003) HM
13 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell and Creek Removal — Creek Heritage Trail —
Fort Mitchell served as a primary point of concentration for creeks being sent westward to Indian Territory before, during, and after the Second Creek War (1836-1837). By the terms of the 1832 Treaty of Washington, Creek heads of household and . . . Map (db m101840) HM
14 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell Military Cemetery
This military graveyard was established soon after Fort Mitchell was built by General John Floyd of the Georgia Militia. Located just south of the stockade, the cemetery was used between 1813 and 1840 during the fort's occupation by Georgia and . . . Map (db m26122) HM
15 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Indian Ball Ground
The most popular game among the Indians of this region was "stick ball." This field has been constructed so that the game may be enjoyed again in the Chattahoochee Valley where it was played for hundreds of years. Sometimes known as "little brother . . . Map (db m26020) HM
16 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — J.W. and Ethel I. Woodruff Foundation Interpretive Trail
Native plants played a significant role in the daily life of the Creek Indian civilization that inhabited the Chattahoochee Valley until relocation to Oklahoma in the 19th century. During the Woodland Period, the local inhabitants were skilled . . . Map (db m48166) HM
17 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — James Cantey
Near here was the home of Confederate Brigadier General James Cantey who arrived in 1849 to operate a plantation owned by his father. Prior to coming to Russell County he had practiced law at his birthplace, Camden, South Carolina, and had . . . Map (db m81715) HM
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18 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — John Crowell — Reported missing
Near here is the site where John Crowell lived, died, and is interred. Colonel Crowell was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, on September 18, 1780; moved to Alabama in 1815, having been appointed as Agent of the United States to the . . . Map (db m26116) HM
19 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Pokkecheta, or the Ball Play — Creek Heritage Trail —
Pokkecheta, or the ball play, was an ancient and vital part of the social life of the Creeks and a popular game among many groups of Southeastern Indians. The game enhanced interaction between towns and provided highly ritualized sport and . . . Map (db m101817) HM
20 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Removal of the Creeks
Side 1 The Creek Indians and their neighbors, the Yuchi, once lived in these woods in harmony with nature and in accordance with their beliefs and customs. During the 1700s and early 1800s, they were progressively dispossessed of . . . Map (db m101282) HM
21 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — The Census of 1832
In 1832, a treaty with the United States allotted parcels of land to every Indian household in the Valley. A government census enumerated, according to tribal towns, every Indian head of household, along with the number of males, females, and slaves . . . Map (db m101415) HM
22 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — The Creek Nation / The Chattahoochee Indian Heritage Center
The Creek Nation The Creek Nation was a loose confederacy of independent towns that ranks among the most sophisticated and powerful native political organizations in North American history. Largely speakers of the Muskogee dialect, the . . . Map (db m101284) HM
23 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — The Creek Trail of Tears
Approximately one mile due east of this marker, back down the Old Federal Road, called by frontiersmen and Indians the Three Notched Trail or the Three Chopped Way, stood Fort Mitchell, an early 19th century American fort that in 1836 was one of the . . . Map (db m26100) HM
24 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — The Creeks Today — Creek Heritage Trail —
Today there are federally recognized Creek tribal groups in Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama. The largest, the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, is based in the state of Oklahoma. The nation is comprised of the descendants of the Creeks who were . . . Map (db m101823) HM
25 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — United States Indian Trading Post
United States Indian Trading Post The Battle of Horseshoe Bend, March 1814, ended the Creek Indian War. General Andrew Jackson met with Chief William Weatherford and signed the Treaty. The Creek Indians returned to their own land in the . . . Map (db m120004) HM
26 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Veteran Memorials at Fort Mitchell
In Honor of Those Who Served Our Country Presented by Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States May 30, 1989Map (db m63420) WM
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27 Alabama, Russell County, Glennville — Glennville
(Front) One of the earliest white settlements in the Old Creek Indian Nation. James Elizabeth Glenn, who named the town, and his brother Thompson Glenn, arrived here in 1835 only to have to evacuate during the Indian uprisings of 1836, at . . . Map (db m144917) HM
28 Alabama, Russell County, Hatchechubbee — Uchee / Good Hope Baptist Church, Uchee
Uchee One of the oldest white settlements in the Chattahoochee Valley before and after the removal of the Indians; land deeds between whites date back to 1832, the year of Russell County's founding. The name of the town comes from the . . . Map (db m69422) HM
29 Alabama, Russell County, Hatchechubbee — Uchee Chapel Methodist Church
This circa 1859 building is a very good and intact example of the temple front house of worship in the purest form of the Greek Revival style. It was constructed by L.S. Johnson at the same time as the nearby Good Hope Baptist Church. The Uchee . . . Map (db m69420) HM
30 Alabama, Russell County, Holy Trinity — Spanish Fort, 1689-1691
East of here, on the Chattahoochee River, was the "fort among the Apalachicolas," most northern of the Spanish settlements in eastern North America. A palisaded "strong house" built by Captain Enrique Primo de Rivera to check activities of English . . . Map (db m101252) HM
31 Alabama, Russell County, Hurtsboro — Hurtsboro United Methodist Church
Originally built in 1865, the First Methodist Church in Hurtsboro, then called Hurtsville, was located in Olivet, about 4 miles south. The building burned and a wooden church was built on this site in 1876. It was replaced in 1906 by the present . . . Map (db m69417) HM
32 Alabama, Russell County, Hurtsboro — Joel Hurt House
The home was built in 1857 by the founder of Hurtsboro, Joel Hurt, Sr. (1813-1861) and his wife, Lucy Long Hurt (1822-1915). Their saw mill, constructed near Hurtsboro Creek, provided lumber for the home and surrounding community. With the . . . Map (db m69415) HM
33 Alabama, Russell County, Hurtsboro — Long Family — Nimrod Long House
Nimrod Washington Long moved to Alabama from Georgia in the 1830s. A planter, mill owner and state legislator, he had real estate and railroad interests in Russell County. This house was the plantation home of Nimrod Washington Long in Spring Hill, . . . Map (db m69433) HM
34 Alabama, Russell County, Hurtsboro — May 28th Celebration Battle and Antioch Communities — Russell County, Alabama
President Abraham Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, in the midst of the Civil War. Freedom for the South's slaves, however only came with the end of the conflict, April 1865. The joyous news reached Negro slaves in this area in . . . Map (db m162704) HM
35 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — "Emperor" Brims, Mary Musgrove and Chief William McIntosh — Creek Heritage Trail —
Coweta was the home of many influential Creek leaders, including three individuals who figured prominently in the history of the Creek people; "Emperor” Brims, Mary Musgrove, Chief William McIntosh. The Coweta chieftain Brims, who . . . Map (db m101336) HM
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36 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Albert Love Patterson — January 27, 1891 - June 18, 1954
(side 1) Born at New Site, Alabama, he grew up working on his parents’ farm. In 1916 he worked in the oil fields in Texas and joined the Texas National Guard. He married Agnes Benson of Alabama in 1917. In 1918 he was commissioned an . . . Map (db m69114) HM
37 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Allen Temple A.M.E. Church / Grant Chapel A.M.E. Church
(obverse) Allen Temple A.M.E. Church In 1879, under the pastorate of Reverend George Wesley Allen, the Allen Temple African Methodist Episcopal Church had its humble beginning in Phenix City, Alabama as Grant Mission. The Russell . . . Map (db m69082) HM
38 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Ancient Fisheries
To the native people of the Chattahoochee River Valley, the Creek or Muskogulgi Indians, the shoals of the river were a source of recreation and food. In the spring, the women and children of Coweta Town came here to fish, using dip nets, spears, . . . Map (db m69045) HM
39 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Before The Battle / Battle Of Girard
(obverse) Before The Battle All day that Easter Sunday the Confederate forces commanded by Col. Leon von Zinken awaited the Union Army they knew was on the way from Tuskegee. Lacking the men needed to hold it, they were forced to . . . Map (db m69058) HM
40 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Confederate Fort
On the hill to the northwest is an earthen fortification built in 1863 as part of the defenses of the Confederate navy yard, iron works and other war-related industries in nearby Columbus, Georgia. Designated Fort No. 5 on the plan done by the CSA . . . Map (db m59968) HM
41 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Confederates Set Fire To Lower Bridge
Early in the afternoon of April 16, 1865 the first major act in the Battle of Girard-Columbus took place. Union General Emory Upton sent the First Ohio cavalry charging down old Crawford Road to capture the Dillingham Bridge, then known as the lower . . . Map (db m69060) HM
42 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Coweta and Northeastern Russell County: — Focal Point for Creek-American Diplomacy — Creek Heritage Trail —
During the tumultuous decades prior to the Removal of the Creeks from their ancestral homelands in the 1830s, the vicinity of the town of Coweta became an important location for interaction between the Creek Nation and the American government. . . . Map (db m101339) HM
43 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Coweta Tallahassee — (Kvwetv Tvlvhassee)
One of the founding or "mother" towns of the Lower Creeks, Coweta Tallahassee (Coweta Tribal or Old Town), located on the Chattahoochee River to the east, was a red or war town. Spain, England, and to a lesser extent, France, competed for its . . . Map (db m223862) HM
44 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Coweta Town — (KVWETV)
Coweta Town, located east of this marker on the banks of the Chattahoochee River, is sometimes called New or Upper Coweta to distinguish it from its predecessor, Coweta Tallahassee, down river. Among other well-known Creeks, Coweta was the . . . Map (db m69068) HM
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45 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Coweta: Center for International Diplomacy — Creek Heritage Trail —
Coweta served as a critical place of interaction between Creeks and Europeans throughout the colonial era. Situated at the intersection of regional trading routes and the claims of expanding Spanish, English and French colonial empires, it became . . . Map (db m101334) HM
46 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Early Brickyards
The rich clay deposits along the high western bluff of the Chattahoochee River led a pioneer family to begin producing brick here. In 1859, brothers Anderson and Charles Abercrombie acquired a large tract of land from the U.S. government as a result . . . Map (db m223858) HM
47 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Fort Jabe Brassell — Alabama Army National Guard — Russell County —
Built in 1950, Fort Jabe Brassell has served as a hub for military training and arms storage for the local community by the Alabama Army National Guard and the Armory Commission of Alabama. Between July 1954 and January 1955, the Alabama Army . . . Map (db m165538) HM
48 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Horace King
(side 1) Horace King a slave of John Godwin was construction foreman for the first Dillingham Street Bridge in 1832, when he and Godwin introduced the “town lattice” bridge design into the Chattahoochee Valley. King built most . . . Map (db m69064) HM
49 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Mount Olive Baptist Church
This church was organized in 1877 by Brothers Robert Anderson, Sr., Manuel Edmond and Robert Fluellen. The first services were conducted by Rev. D.L. Griffin under a brush arbor on the Flournoy Plantation. During Griffin's pastorate Anderson, Edmond . . . Map (db m176672) HM
50 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — POW ✯ MIA Monument
POW✯MIA You Are Not Forgotten Dedicated to all Our Nation's POW ✯ MIA Past - Present Fort Benning Sergeants Major Association 19 September 2009Map (db m69092) WM
51 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Red Hill Batteries — Reported missing
On April 16, 1865 the batteries of Confederate Major James Fleming Waddell of Seale, Alabama were positioned on the crest of this hill. Union forces under the command of Brevet Major General James H. Wilson were expected to launch a daylight attack . . . Map (db m69056) HM
52 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Six Indians Hanged
In November 1836, six Creek and Yuchi Indians were hanged near this spot for their role in a last desperate uprising against the frontier whites of Georgia and Alabama. Following decades of provocation from whites anxious to gain control of their . . . Map (db m69065) HM
53 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Susie E. Allen Elementary School
In 1953 the Phenix City Elementary School for Negroes was constructed during the tenure of L.P. Stough, Phenix City School Superintendent. It was built to accommodate 488 students with 13 classrooms, a multi-purpose room, clinic, library, cafeteria . . . Map (db m173475) HM
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54 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — The Creek Town of Coweta — Creek Heritage Trail —
The town of Coweta was actually two separate Native American settlements and dozens of affiliated outlying communities occupied at different times in what is now northeastern Russell County. "Coweta Tallahassee" (old Coweta), regarded by most . . . Map (db m101328) HM
55 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — The Tie-Snake
The Creek Indians believed this section of the river was inhabited by a giant Tie-Snake, a mythical monster that snared the unwary and dragged them down into the watery underworld. The Tie-Snake was but one of many strange creatures and natural . . . Map (db m69067) HM
56 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — U.S. Indian Agency of Benjamin Hawkins
For several years after he was made Principal Agent to the Indians South of the Ohio in 1796, Benjamin Hawkins, friend of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, located his agency to the Lower Creeks at Coweta Tallahassee. Here, Hawkins began to . . . Map (db m223874) HM
57 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Union Night Attack Down Summerville Road
Confederate Captain Nat Clanton's battery sat astride Summerville Road on April 16, 1865 when Union forces launched a three-fisted night attack from northwest of this position. Elements of the Third and Fourth Iowa and the Tenth Missouri all passed . . . Map (db m69069) HM
58 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region — Reported missing
Wm. Bartram, Colonial naturalist, crossed theis "Chata Uche" in 1777. He described the water as clear, cool, and salubrious.Map (db m165836) HM
59 Alabama, Russell County, Pittsview — Villula
Originally known as Vilula, this community was formed about 1848 as a stage coach stop. For many years the only post office in the central part of the county was located here. William A. Lester served as the first postmaster. The Villula . . . Map (db m188837) HM
60 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Creek Settlements in Russell County — Creek Heritage Trail —
Russell County occupies land that once sat at the heart of the Creek Nation. Within the county's boundaries were several important Creek towns, many of which would figure prominently in the Creek and Seminole Wars era and the saga of Removal. . . . Map (db m111596) HM
61 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Early Russell County and the Town of Seale — Creek Heritage Trail —
Russell County was one of several counties created by the Alabama legislature in December, 1832 from land that had been part of the Creeks' ancestral homeland. The community of Girard (modern Phenix City) along the Chattahoochee River became the . . . Map (db m111609) HM
62 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Holland McTyeire Smith
(obverse) South of this site was the homeplace of Holland McTyeire Smith, born April 20, 1882. He completed the preparatory school at Seale, College at Alabama Polytechnic Institute and the University of Alabama Law School. He was . . . Map (db m69406) HM
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63 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Indian Trail
Oldest route from Atlantic to Southwest. In 1805 it became Federal Road, over which pioneers traveled from Milledgeville to St. Stephens. Oglethorpe, Lafayette, Burr and others used this trail.Map (db m165635) HM
64 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — John Bacon McDonald
(obverse) Near here is the site of the plantation of John Bacon McDonald who was born February 8, 1859. He entered the United States Military Academy on June 14, 1876, after finishing the tutelage of Colonel John M. Brannon of Seale and . . . Map (db m69408) HM
65 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church / Macedonia School
Macedonia Missionary Baptist Church Macedonia Baptist Church was organized in 1870 by Pastor Robert Fegins with the assistance of twelve members from Providence Baptist Church. The first person baptized in the church was Mr. Charles Smith . . . Map (db m78113) HM
66 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Mitchell-Ferrell-Powell House — Reported missing
Built in Glennville, Alabama by slave artisans in the early 1840's for James Billingslea and Rebecca Stone Mitchell. Moved by ox-cart and reassembled by free citizens at the present site in 1867 or 1869. Purchased in 1895 by Hugh Bennett and Jessie . . . Map (db m164054) HM
67 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Old Russell County Courthouse
During the Federal occupation of the former Confederate States of America, the Alabama Legislature created Lee County primarily from the northern half of Russell County in 1866 and ordered the selection of the county seat "more centrally located." . . . Map (db m53160) HM
68 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Seale United Methodist Church
Marker Front: The Methodist Congregation of which the church at Seale was organized in 1842, were pioneer families with a deep faith in God and a clear vision of the future. This group was centered around a small meeting place and a . . . Map (db m23594) HM
69 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — St. Peter A.M.E. Church Cemetery — Russell County
Old St. Peter A.M.E. Church Cemetery is one of Russell County's oldest African-American cemeteries. Established in the early 1880s by former slaves, the church became a central institution to many families in the Seale community. Records indicate . . . Map (db m78116) HM
70 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — The Second Creek War in Russell County — Creek Heritage Trail —
The Second Creek War came about as a result of the frustration of local Creeks at their treatment following the signing of the Treaty of Washington (1832). That compact called for the Creeks to be given allotments of land which they could keep or . . . Map (db m111603) HM
71 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — William Augustus Mitchell — Reported missing
(obverse) On this lot and in the house thereon, was born William Augustus Mitchell, November 30, 1877. Mitchell entered the United States Military Academy on June 20, 1898, after finishing the schools at Seale and Alabama Polytechnic . . . Map (db m164067) HM
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72 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — William Bacon Oliver — 1867-1948
Dean of the Law School of the University of Alabama. Moderator of the Synod of the Presbyterian Church of Alabama. Member of Congress of the United States from the Sixth District of Alabama. Advocate of equality of opportunity, regardless of sex, . . . Map (db m195813) HM
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May. 28, 2023