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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Montana

 
The Montana-Utah Road Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2018
The Montana-Utah Road Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Montana (Beaverhead County), Dell — The Montana-Utah Road
Interstate 15 is the latest in a series of roads that have traversed this area since prehistory. Although used for generations by Native Americans, the first recorded use of this route was by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on August 10, 1805. They . . . — Map (db m124333) HM
2Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — "it was mutually advantageous..."Lewis and Clark at Camp Fortunate
Few points along the route of the Lewis and Clark Expedition have the significance of this site, now beneath the waters of Clark Canyon Reservoir. Noted on their maps as "Fortunate Camp", the Lewis and Clark Expedition journeyed here hoping to . . . — Map (db m124302) HM
3Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — A Tribute to Sidney EdgertonMontana's Unsung Hero
Sidney Edgerton arrived at Bannack from Ohio in September 1863 to begin his appointment as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Idaho Territory. The massive territory encompassed Idaho, all of Montana, and the western half of Wyoming, with the . . . — Map (db m124263) HM
4Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Lewis and Clark Trail 1806 First important gold camp 1862 Scene of vigilante activities 1863 First capital Territory of Montana 1864-1865 First county seat of Beaverhead County 1864-1881 In grateful memory of the early pioneers who . . . — Map (db m49535) HM
5Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Montana's first gold rush began near here at Grasshopper Creek in the summer of 1862. Prospectors John White and company camped along the insect infested banks as they looked for a shortcut to the Deer Lodge valley. They panned the gravel - as was . . . — Map (db m124290) HM
6Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Lewis and Clark Trail 1806. First Important Gold Camp 1862. Scene of Vigilante Activities 1863. First Capital Territory of Montana 1864-1865. First County Seat of Beaverhead County 1864-1881. In grateful memory of the early pioneers who founded our . . . — Map (db m145711) HM
7Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack Historical District
Bannack epitomizes the tough, primitive towns that sprang up with gold discoveries. Its story also illustrates a century of survival, through boom and bust periods associated with resource extraction and technological advances. On July 28, 1862, . . . — Map (db m124262) HM
8Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Clark Pocket Compass Monument
This monument design is taken from the small pocket compass carried by William Clark on the expedition. Clark’s compass was made by Thomas Whitney in Philadelphia. Fortunate Chapter of the National Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation . . . — Map (db m128185) HM
9Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Dillon's Founding1880-1930
This tablet marks the site of the first public school building which was also used for the first court house-theatre and library in Dillon Dedicated to the pioneers of the valley on the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Dillon. Placed by . . . — Map (db m145700) HM
10Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Distant Features
Your observations are to be taken with great pains & accuracy, to be entered distinctly & intelligibly for others as well as yourself, to comprehend all the elements necessary —President Thomas Jefferson On August 13, 1805 William . . . — Map (db m128184) HM
11Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Fortunate Camp
This site was the pivotal point in the success of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The party camped here in August 1805. They cached their boats and aided by the influence of Sacajawea obtained horses from her people the Shoshone Indians The Great . . . — Map (db m124304) HM
12Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Grasshopper Creek
In midsummer, 1862, John White and party discovered gold on this creek several miles down stream. The first major gold rush to what is now Montana resulted. — Map (db m124264) HM
13Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Lewis and Clark Pathfinder Tribute
The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed this way going west August, 1805 and returning July, 1806. ‘Though the Pathfinder may die, the paths remain open.’ Beaverhead Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution. June 14, 1928 — Map (db m145710) HM
14Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Mapping the Way
Instruments for ascertaining, by celestial observations, the geography of the country through which you will pass, have been already provided. —President Thomas Jefferson The data collected by Lewis and Clark is a striking indicator . . . — Map (db m128183) HM
15Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Nez Perce Camp
The Nez Perce camped near here on Horse Prairie Creek, Aug. 12 1877 following the Battle of the Big Hole Aug. 9-10. General Howard was summoned when beating drums arroused [sic] the citizens of Bannack. Women and children were quartered in the Meade . . . — Map (db m49537) HM
16Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Old Trail to the Gold Diggin's
Interstate 15 is the latest in a series of roads that have traversed this area since prehistory. Although used for generations by Native Americans, the first recorded use of this route was by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on August 10, 1805. They . . . — Map (db m124291) HM
17Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Reliable Landmarks
”…you will take careful observations of …objects distinguished by such natural marks & characters of a durable kind…” —President Thomas Jefferson There is a remarkable view from the crest of Clark's Lookout and it is . . . — Map (db m128182) HM
18Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Sacajawea
In Commemoration of Sacajawea who guided Lewis and Clark through this the land of her childhood and capture On August 17th, 1805 she rejoined her tribe near this site. The services she rendered the expedition were invaluable. . . . — Map (db m124293) HM
19Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Southern Gateway Marker(Ryan’s Canyon)
The waters of the Beaverhead River opened this southern gateway to Montana through which have passed: Ancient Indian Trail Lewis and Clark Expedition 1805-1806 First Missionary, Father DeSmet 1840 Great Beaverhead Wagon Toll Road . . . — Map (db m145713) HM
20Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — The First Electric Gold Dredge
Launched May 15, 1895, the remains of the F.L. Graves electric dredge boat now lies in Grasshopper Creek. — Map (db m124265) HM
21Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — The Lewis and Clark Expedition
In 1804-06, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led about 40 soldiers and boatmen on an epic journey. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned this “Corps of Discovery” to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly . . . — Map (db m124305) HM
22Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — William ClarkMap Maker
William Clark was central to the success of the Corps of Discovery expedition not only during the two years spent crossing the continent but also because he produced maps of the west long after his return. His three maps of the Western United . . . — Map (db m128181) HM
23Montana (Beaverhead County), Grant — "Most Distant Fountain" of the Mighty Missouri
"the road took us to the most distant fountain of the waters of the mighty Missouri in surch (sic) of which we have spent so many toilsome days and wristless (sic) nights." - Meriwether Lewis, August 12, 1805 What's in a name? . . . — Map (db m109502) HM
24Montana (Beaverhead County), Grant — The Beginning of the "Endless Missouri"
"two miles below McNeal had exultingly stood with a foot of each side of this little rivulet and thanked his god that he had lived to bestride the mighty & heretofore deemed endless Missouri." - Meriwether Lewis, August 12, 1805 Hugh . . . — Map (db m109500) HM
25Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "Hot Spring Valley"Land of 10,000 Haystacks
In 1806, Captain William Clark and his crew traveled through here on horseback moving quickly on their return trip to St. Louis. Arriving at present day Jackson Hot Springs in the afternoon of July 7th, they stopped to experiment with cooking in the . . . — Map (db m124223) HM
26Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "I now take my leave..."Clark Heads Toward the Yellowstone
On their return journey, the Corps of Discovery divided into two groups at Traveler's Rest, near present day Lolo, Montana. Captain William Clark and his party traveled through today's Big Hole Valley on their way to Camp Fortunate to recover their . . . — Map (db m124260) HM
27Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "The Carroll Ranch"Stopping point for travelers & cattle drives
For generations the Hamilton Ranch was widely-known as the Carroll Ranch - and it served as a vital link between the Big Hole and Beaverhead valleys. Its location at the base of this mountain pass made the ranch a perfect stopping point for . . . — Map (db m124225) HM
28Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — A Soul-Searching BirthdayQuestions about meaning, fulfillment & purpose
Meriwether Lewis is hardly the only person ever to have found himself evaluating the meaning and purpose of his own life. But the words he wrote on the evening of August 18, 1805 - when camped about 35 miles southeast of where you stand now - have . . . — Map (db m124227) HM
29Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Naturally Sustained ProductivityPast, Present & Future
Ranching, anchored in the natural productivity of rangelands, is one of the main reasons so much or the landscape surrounding you still looks as it did centuries ago. The climate here is too harsh for farming, but native rangeland vegetation is . . . — Map (db m124228) HM
30Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Undaunted StewardshipServing History and Enhancing the Environment & Economy
Undaunted Stewardship® is a statewide partnership involving 19 agricultural and conservation groups in Montana, managed and directed by Montana State University, the Montana Stockgrowers Association and the federal Bureau of Land Management. The . . . — Map (db m124243) HM
31Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Welcome to Hamilton RanchHistoric Landscapes Endure
On a clear day, the sweeping views from here take in more than 400 square miles. Most of these lands look much as they have for centuries. Human travel routes haven't changed much either. Highway 278 mirrors very closely that Captain Clark and his . . . — Map (db m124222) HM
32Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — Howdy Everyone! Glad to See You
The Department of Transportation launched an ambitious program in 1936 to promote the state's scenic, recreational, and historical treasures. The brainchild of department engineer Bob Fletcher, the program included roadside historical markers, . . . — Map (db m124334) HM
33Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — The Montana Road
This area once echoed with the sound of creaking wagon wheels, cracking whips, and profanity so intense the mountains vibrated with sulfur! The old wagon road between Montana and Utah passed very close to this rest area. It first saw use in the . . . — Map (db m124336) HM
34Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — The Tendoy Mountains
About four million years ago, this part of the North American Plate slid over a gigantic source of heat in the mantle known as the Yellowstone hot spot. In Yellowstone National Park, this heat is responsible for the geysers, mud pots, and hot . . . — Map (db m124335) HM
35Montana (Beaverhead County), Polaris — The Way It Used To Be... Way Back
(Two panels are on this interpretive stand:) July 8, 1806 The Way It Used To Be... Way Back Just over two hundred years ago... We proceeded down Willards Creek on the S.W. Side about 11 miles...The Country . . . — Map (db m124268) HM
36Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — A Perfect Place to Rest
Pursued by the U.S. Army since June 1877, approximately 800 Nez Perce (nimi•pu•) men, women, and children traveled over the Bitterroot Mountains and camped here in the Big Hole Valley. Thinking there was no immediate pursuit by the Army, this . . . — Map (db m123743) HM
37Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — A Story of Fires... to be continued
"on each side of those glades the timber is small and great proportions of it killed by the fires" - William Clark, July 8 1806 Two hundred years ago William Clark saw a forest of young trees, many killed by fire. Very open stands of . . . — Map (db m123740) HM
38Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Battlefield Landscape
From this vantage point you can visualize the general progress of the Battle of the Big Hole, but at a distance from the fear and chaos of its hand-to-hand combat. The landscape has changed little since the morning of August 9, 1877. This lush river . . . — Map (db m123741) HM
39Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Big Hole National Battlefield Monument
(Inscriptions are found on three sides of this monument.) On This Field 17 officers and 133 enlisted men of the 7th U.S. Infantry under its Colonel Bvt. Major General John Gibbon with 8 other soldiers and 36 citizens . . . — Map (db m123812) WM
40Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Big Hole ValleyLand of 10,000 Haystacks
Across the valley is the Continental Divide and the beautiful Bitterroot Mountains. The famous Big Hole River winds through the valley that is noted for abundant hay, fine cattle and horses, great hunting and fishing, beautiful scenery and friendly . . . — Map (db m124221) HM
41Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Brave Warriors
To the everlasting Memory of the Brave Warriors of Chief Joseph's Band who fought on these grounds in the Nez Perce War of 1877 In Memory of the Indians, Infants, Children, Women and Old Men who . . . — Map (db m123755) HM
42Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Natural Travel CorridorOn the Eve of Tragedy — Trail Creek —
(Three panels make up this informational marker:) Natural Travel Corridor Clark's 1806 Route Captain Clark and his party found great quantities of camas just beginning to bloom when they passed here on Sunday July 6, 1806. . . . — Map (db m123738) HM
43Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Siege Site
In front of you on the morning of August 9, 1877, you would have seen soldiers and Montana volunteers pass by as they began to deploy for the coming attack on the Nez Perce encampment just through the trees. Following the army's surprise attack, . . . — Map (db m123745) HM
44Montana (Big Horn County), Busby — Rosebud Battlefield
"In grateful recognition of the valor and sacrifice of the soldiers killed in action fought on these grounds, between the United States Forces under General George Crook and Sioux and Cheyenne Indians under Chief Crazy Horse. June 17, 1876. 3rd U.S. . . . — Map (db m148145) HM WM
45Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — 1984 Archeological SurveyLittle Bighorn Battlefield
On August 10, 1983 a prairie fire swept over the battlefield, burning nearly 600 acres of dense, thick vegetation. In May and June of 1984 the National Park Service began an unprecedented systematic archeological survey of the Custer Battlefield. . . . — Map (db m86810) HM
46Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Bear Paw Memorial
In memory of enlisted men 2nd and 7th U. S. Cavalry and 5th U. S, Infantry killed in action near Bear Paw, Montana September 30, 1877 < Left Side of Monument : > 7th U. S. Cavalry Troop A 1st Serg’t Geo. McDermott Serg’t Otto Derglew . . . — Map (db m86873) HM
47Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Bear Paw Monument1881
This monument was originally erected at Ft. Keogh in 1881 to honor U.S. Army casualties from the 1877 Nez Perce War. PLEASE NOTE: “Hostile Indians” is in historical context with a term used for Native American enemies of the United . . . — Map (db m86865) HM
48Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Calhoun Hill(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
This position was held by Co. L commanded by Lt. James Calhoun. It may have been used to hold off Chief Gall and his Sioux warriors and thus protect Custer's advance. From here these soldiers could have attracted Capt. Benteen's column and the pack . . . — Map (db m21643) HM
49Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Calhoun HillLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After separate skirmishing, Custer’s command reunites here. Company L, under Lt. James Calhoun, skirmishes with Gall, Crow King, Two Moons, and other warriors. From here these soldiers could have attracted Capt. Benteen’s column and the pack . . . — Map (db m86838) HM
50Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Cheyenne Warrior MarkersLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After the battle, Sioux and Cheyenne removed their dead and buried them in tipis, scaffolds, and adjacent hillsides in the Little Bighorn valley. Southern Cheyenne Chief “Ve’ho’enohnenehe” (Lame White Man) and Northern Cheyenne . . . — Map (db m86860) HM
51Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Chief Plenty CoupsLast Chief of the Crows — 1848 - 1932 —
      Plagued with the loss of the great buffalo herds, the confinement to reservations, disease, famine, and poverty, Chief Plenty Coups led the Crow people through a painful transition.       Gifted with vision, the power of impressive speech, . . . — Map (db m85999) HM
52Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Companies C & E(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
The white markers on the knolls and in the ravines to the west and southwest show were the troopers of Co, C under Capt. Tom Custer and Co. E under Lt. Smith were found. The Indian encampment lay beyond on the flat across the river. — Map (db m21645) HM
53Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Companies F and I(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Companies F and I were found on the northeast slope of this ridge. Capt. Keogh was to the right with Co. I. — Map (db m21644) HM
54Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Crow's NestJune 25, 1876 — Morning —
From this promontory 13 miles away in the Wolf Mountains, Custer's scouts observe the Lakota, and Cheyenne pony herd and evidence of a large village in the valley behind you. Convinced the Indians had spotted his regiment and would soon scatter, . . . — Map (db m45580) HM
55Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Custer Last Seen(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Gen. Custer and Lt. Cooke were last seen on this point by Maj. Reno's troops who were fighting in the valley. — Map (db m21638) HM
56Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Custer’s AdvanceLittle Bighorn Battlefield
From the Crow’s Nest, a vantage point 14 miles away in the Wolf Mountains, Custer’s Crow and Arikara scouts saw evidence of the massive Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho encampment. Convinced that he was discovered, Custer abandoned plans for a . . . — Map (db m86817) HM
57Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep CouleeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After the brief encounter near the river, Custer’s two companies retreat up the ravine to your right known as Deep Coulee. The remainder of Custer’s command skirmishes with warriors on the high ridge ½ mile to your right. Seizing the . . . — Map (db m86831) HM
58Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep RavineLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Deep Ravine (Crazy Horse Gully & Grey Horse Ravine) was the scene of fierce fighting during the battle. Crazy Horse, and other Sioux and Cheyenne warriors crossed the Little Bighorn River (in front of you) and rode up the ravine during the attack . . . — Map (db m86800) HM
59Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep RavineLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Custer’s command deploys in the current national cemetery area and advances into the basin across the road to your left before withdrawing to Last Stand Hill. Toward the conclusion of the battle, soldiers from Company E moved toward the Deep . . . — Map (db m86839) HM
60Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Greasy Grass RidgeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Warriors ascend the large ravine behind you pursuing Custer’s troops. Soldiers retreat through the area to your front and right. Indians position themselves along the ridge to your left knows as Greasy Grass Ridge. Archeologists discovered numerous . . . — Map (db m86834) HM
61Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Here We Remember the FallenCuster National Cemetery at Little Bighorn Battlefield NM
Custer National Cemetery, like Arlington National Cemetery, provides a final resting place for many generations of those who faithfully served in the United States armed forces. Here, Americans of many races and beliefs rest side by side. Relive . . . — Map (db m86846) HM
62Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Indian EncampmentLittle Bighorn Battlefield
On June 25, 1876, approximately 7,000 Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho, including 1,500 – 2,000 warriors, encamped below on the Greasy Grass River (Little Bighorn). Under the political and spiritual leadership of Tatanka-Iyotanka (Sitting Bull), . . . — Map (db m86814) HM
63Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Indian MemorialLittle Bighorn Battlefield
An Indian memorial to honor Native American participation in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876, and change the name of Custer Battlefield National Monument to Little Bighorn National Monument, was authorized by Congress in 1991 . . . — Map (db m86804) HM
64Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Keogh – Crazy Horse FightLittle Bighorn Battlefield
The Indian charge shatters the Calhoun defense and crashes through the soldier position at right, held by Capt. Myles Keogh’s Company I, Crazy Horse and White Bull cut down the retreating soldiers who flee northwest along this ridge in an effort to . . . — Map (db m86811) HM
65Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Lame White Man ChargeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
This knoll was contested by Indians and soldiers. Some evidence indicates soldiers of Company C occupied this position since bodies of Sergeants Finckle and Finley were found here. Indian testimony suggests that Southern Cheyenne war leader Lame . . . — Map (db m86836) HM
66Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Last Stand Hill, June 25, 1876Little Bighorn Battlefield
Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors surrounded this position near the climax of the battle. Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and approximately 41 men, shoot their horses for breastworks and fight to the death. Custer and several soldiers were . . . — Map (db m86801) HM
67Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Battlefield
This area was occupied by troops A, B, D, G, H, K, and M, 7th. U.S. Cavalry, and the pack train when they were besieged by the Sioux Indians June 25th and 26th 1876. — Map (db m21636) HM
68Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
(Bottom of Marker): In memory of Officers and soldiers who fell near this place fighting with the 7th United States Cavalry against the Sioux Indians on the 25th and 26th of June, A.D. 1876 (The rest of the marker includes . . . — Map (db m7022) HM
69Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Indian Memorial
Arikara “I shall not see you (sun) go down behind the mountains tonight . . .I am going home today, not the way we came, but in spirit, home to my people.”- Bloody Knife, Arikara (June 25, 1876) “These Old Scouts, . . . — Map (db m87723) HM
70Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Lone TipiJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 2:00 p.m. —
Advancing down Reno Creek, Custer pauses at a tipi located behind this ridge. The tipi contains the remains of a Sans Arc warrior killed a week before at the Battle of the Rosebud. Indians flee toward the village, prompting Custer to order Reno's . . . — Map (db m45581) HM
71Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail CouleeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After leaving Cedar Coulee, Custer descends toward the Little Bighorn River in the ravine ahead known as Medicine Tail Coulee. Custer probably again divides his command: three companies likely ascend to the higher ridges beyond. Two companies . . . — Map (db m86824) HM
72Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail Coulee Ford(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Chief Gall and his Sioux warriors forded the river here to attack Custer's troops on the high ground to the northeast. — Map (db m21642) HM
73Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail FordLittle Bighorn Battlefield
As soldiers descend Medicine Tail Coulee, the Minniconjou and Cheyenne camps were on the western bank. Archeological evidence supports Indian testimony, that initial fighting took place on the flats near the river to your left and cutbank directly . . . — Map (db m86827) HM
74Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Memorial MarkersLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Following the battle, the Lakota and Cheyenne removed their dead and buried them in lodges, scaffolds, and the hillsides. Surviving members of the 7th Cavalry hastily buried the soldiers, Indian Scouts, and civilians on June 28, 1876. In 1877, . . . — Map (db m86844) HM
75Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — National Cemetery
This National Cemetery, established in 1886, is for interment of those who served honorably in the Armed Forces of the United States. their immediate families also have burial privileges.Many from indian battles of the northwest are buried here. . . . — Map (db m45551) HM
76Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Peace Through UnityLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Indian descendants of participants in the Battle of the Little Bighorn helped form the vision of the Indian Memorial. The “Peace Through Unity” theme was conceived by the late Enos Poor Bear, Sr. and Austin Two Moons. Together, they . . . — Map (db m86806) HM
77Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno’s RetreatLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Under mounting pressure, Reno abandons the timber. His retreat disintegrates into a rout as pursuing warriors ride in amongst the troopers killing more than 30 soldiers. Indian casualties are few. Lakota and Cheyennes drive the cavalry across the . . . — Map (db m86821) HM
78Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno’s Valley FightLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After fording the Little Bighorn River one mile to your left, Reno’s battalion gallops down the valley below. Convinced he is vastly outnumbered, Reno dismounts, and forms a skirmish line across the valley floor, firing into the lodges. Warriors . . . — Map (db m86819) HM
79Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno's Skirmish Line - Warrior CounterattackJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 3:00 p.m. —
Reno's battalion of 175 soldiers, civilian personnel, and Arikara and Crow Scouts halt in the valley and form a thin skirmish line. Warriors race out from the village to oppose him. After 10 minutes of fighting Lakota and Cheyenne warriors outflank . . . — Map (db m45583) HM
80Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Retreat CrossingJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 4:00 p.m. —
During Reno's retreat from the timber, Crazy Horse, Wooden Leg, Black Elk, and perhaps as many as 600 warriors chase the soldiers across the Little Bighorn River. Reno's casualties are 40 men killed and 13 wounded. The remnants of Reno's command . . . — Map (db m45584) HM
81Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Seventh Cavalry Horse Cemetery
After the battle, 39 cavalry horses that had been shot for breastworks during Custer’s Last Stand, were found among the dead on Last Stand Hill. In 1879, a temporary cordwood monument was erected by the Army on the crest of the hill. The area, . . . — Map (db m45604) HM
82Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Sharpshooter Ridge
June 25-26, 1876 - From the ridge to your right, Custer first views the village. Needing more information about the extent of the encampment, he moves further north. After witnessing the beginning of Reno's charge, Custer's five companies descend . . . — Map (db m45587) HM
83Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — The Reno-Benteen DefenseJune 25-26, 1876
After an unsuccessful attack on the Indian camp in the valley, Major Reno and his battalion retreated to this vicinity where they were soon reinforced by Captain Benteen's battalion and the pack train. In an attempt to find and rejoin Custer they . . . — Map (db m45554) HM
84Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Timber FightJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 3:15 - 3:55 p.m. —
Reno occupies a defensive position in the timber. Determined to defend their village, warriors soon penetrate the woods, convincing Reno that the position is untenable. After fighting for 30 minutes, Reno retreats across the Little Bighorn River. — Map (db m45585) HM
85Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Weir PointLittle Bighorn Battlefield
In an attempt to locate Custer, Company D under Captain Thomas Weir advances to this hilltop position without orders late on June 25. Weir may have witnessed the conclusion of the battle three miles ahead. He is later joined by Captain Benteen and . . . — Map (db m86823) HM
86Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Weir Point Fight(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
This is the farthest point reached by Capt. Weir in his attempt to assist Custer. Minutes after arriving, his company was joined by Capt. Benteen's company and others. They remained about 45 minutes until mounting warrior pressure forced them back . . . — Map (db m21640) HM
87Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Wooden Leg HillJune 25, 1876
The hill in front of you was occupied by Lakota, and Cheyenne during the fight on Last Stand Hill. An unknown Sioux warrior wearing a warbonnet was killed here while firing his rifle at soldiers positioned behind a horse barricade on the crest of . . . — Map (db m45593) HM
88Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Garryowen
         Garryowen, the old Irish tune, was the regimental marching song of the 7th U.S. Cavalry, General Custer's command.          The Battle of the Little Big Horn commenced in the valley just east of here June 25, 1876, after Custer had . . . — Map (db m67897) HM
89Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Garryowen, Montana - Sitting Bull’s Camp
Where the Battle of Little Big Horn Began June 25, 1876 (map of battlefield) (showing Custer’s column, Reno’s column, Indian camp, Last Stand Hill) Custer Battlefield Museum — Map (db m98277) HM WM
90Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
On this site in 1876 the historic Battle of the Little Big Horn began. “When we stand side by side in the circle of no beginning and no ending, the first maker, creator of all things, is in the center. He hears the words of supplication and . . . — Map (db m86022) HM
91Montana (Big Horn County), Hardin — Fort Custer
"Fort Custer--Established as a military post November 1877 by order of President Rutherford B. Haynes and General Phil H. Sheridan. Garrisoned as one of the important Military posts in the Northwest until abandoned by the Government, September 1897. . . . — Map (db m148124) HM
92Montana (Big Horn County), Huntley — Buffalo CountryThe Eastern Plains of Montana
The great plains of eastern Montana was home to thousands of buffalo before Euro-American hunters nearly wiped them out in the early 1800’s. The animals were central to the Indian lifeway. In the dog days, hunters herded buffalo into corrals . . . — Map (db m99063) HM
93Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — ćáynim?a•lika?speBear Paw Battlefield Trail
For the exhausted Nez Perce, this site, known to them as ćáynim?a•lika?spe (Place of Manure Fire), appeared to be a good place to rest before continuing to Canada. Then a large force of U.S. soldiers surprised them from the east. After . . . — Map (db m142832) HM
94Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — We will stand our ground!Roaring Eagle: tipiyeléhne?iléseniń (George Comedown)
Striking on the run, the U.S. Army planned to surprise and overwhelm the Nez Perce camp. Along this ridge Nez Perce warriors fought back fiercely and stopped the cavalry charge. The surprise attack was blunted, but the Nez Perce were pinned down, . . . — Map (db m142866) HM
95Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Bear Paw BattlefieldC'Aynnim 'Alikinwaaspa
C'Aynnim 'Alikinwaaspa is the Nez Perce name for this site. It means "Place of the Manure Fire" because the Nez Perce used buffalo chips as fuel here. On September 29, 1877, about 700 Nez Perce men, women and children camped in the basin . . . — Map (db m142830) HM
96Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Bear's Paw Battleground
Two panels are affixed to a common boulder. Commemorating the surrender of Chief Joseph and the remnants of his tribe of Nez Perce to General Nelson A. Miles, October 5, 1877. Here Chiefs Looking Glass, Ollicut, Too-hul-sote and . . . — Map (db m142802) HM WM
97Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Brave Warriors Chief Joseph's Band
To the everlasting memory of the Brave Warriors Chief Joseph's Band who fought on these grounds in the Nez Perce War of 1877 Erected by Nez Perce Indians and the Chief Joseph Memorial Association . . . — Map (db m142865) WM
98Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Chief Joseph’s SurrenderOctober 5, 1887 11:00 a.m.
With the fighting at a standoff, Hinmatóowyalahtq̓it (Chief Joseph) met with Colonel Miles near this site. Surrender was a survival strategy, to keep the Nez Perce people alive and together. One witness reported that Chief Joseph spoke . . . — Map (db m142869) HM
99Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Last Battle
These rolling hills and coulees are the site of the last battle of the 1877 Nez Perce War. For the Nez Perce this was the end of a 1,170-mile journey, after many successful skirmishes along the way. Canada was only 40 miles farther, its mountains . . . — Map (db m142833) HM
100Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — McWhorter StakesBear Paw Battlefield
Map (db m142682) HM WM

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Oct. 21, 2020