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Historical Markers in Montana

865 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 665
 
The Montana-Utah Road Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2018
The Montana-Utah Road Marker
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dell — The Montana-Utah Road
Interstate 15 is the latest in a series of roads that have traversed this area since prehistory. Although used for generations by Native Americans, the first recorded use of this route was by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on August 10, 1805. They . . . — Map (db m124333) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — "it was mutually advantageous..."Lewis and Clark at Camp Fortunate
Few points along the route of the Lewis and Clark Expedition have the significance of this site, now beneath the waters of Clark Canyon Reservoir. Noted on their maps as "Fortunate Camp", the Lewis and Clark Expedition journeyed here hoping to . . . — Map (db m124302) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — A Tribute to Sidney EdgertonMontana's Unsung Hero
Sidney Edgerton arrived at Bannack from Ohio in September 1863 to begin his appointment as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Idaho Territory. The massive territory encompassed Idaho, all of Montana, and the western half of Wyoming, with the . . . — Map (db m124263) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Lewis and Clark Trail 1806 First important gold camp 1862 Scene of vigilante activities 1863 First capital Territory of Montana 1864-1865 First county seat of Beaverhead County 1864-1881 In grateful memory of the early pioneers who . . . — Map (db m49535) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Montana's first gold rush began near here at Grasshopper Creek in the summer of 1862. Prospectors John White and company camped along the insect infested banks as they looked for a shortcut to the Deer Lodge valley. They panned the gravel - as was . . . — Map (db m124290) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Lewis and Clark Trail 1806. First Important Gold Camp 1862. Scene of Vigilante Activities 1863. First Capital Territory of Montana 1864-1865. First County Seat of Beaverhead County 1864-1881.

In grateful memory of the early pioneers who founded . . . — Map (db m145711) HM

Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack Historical District
Bannack epitomizes the tough, primitive towns that sprang up with gold discoveries. Its story also illustrates a century of survival, through boom and bust periods associated with resource extraction and technological advances. On July 28, 1862, . . . — Map (db m124262) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Clark Pocket Compass Monument
This monument design is taken from the small pocket compass carried by William Clark on the expedition. Clark’s compass was made by Thomas Whitney in Philadelphia. Fortunate Chapter of the National Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation . . . — Map (db m128185) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Dillon's Founding1880-1930
This tablet marks the site of the first public school building which was also used for the first court house-theatre and library in Dillon

Dedicated to the pioneers of the valley on the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Dillon.

. . . — Map (db m145700) HM

Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Distant Features
Your observations are to be taken with great pains & accuracy, to be entered distinctly & intelligibly for others as well as yourself, to comprehend all the elements necessary —President Thomas Jefferson On August 13, 1805 William . . . — Map (db m128184) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Fortunate Camp
This site was the pivotal point in the success of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The party camped here in August 1805. They cached their boats and aided by the influence of Sacajawea obtained horses from her people the Shoshone Indians The Great . . . — Map (db m124304) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Grasshopper Creek
In midsummer, 1862, John White and party discovered gold on this creek several miles down stream. The first major gold rush to what is now Montana resulted. — Map (db m124264) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Lewis and Clark Pathfinder Tribute
The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed this way going west August, 1805 and returning July, 1806.

‘Though the Pathfinder may die, the paths remain open.’

Beaverhead Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution. June 14, 1928 — Map (db m145710) HM

Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Mapping the Way
Instruments for ascertaining, by celestial observations, the geography of the country through which you will pass, have been already provided. —President Thomas Jefferson The data collected by Lewis and Clark is a striking indicator . . . — Map (db m128183) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Nez Perce Camp
The Nez Perce camped near here on Horse Prairie Creek, Aug. 12 1877 following the Battle of the Big Hole Aug. 9-10. General Howard was summoned when beating drums arroused [sic] the citizens of Bannack. Women and children were quartered in the Meade . . . — Map (db m49537) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Old Trail to the Gold Diggin's
Interstate 15 is the latest in a series of roads that have traversed this area since prehistory. Although used for generations by Native Americans, the first recorded use of this route was by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on August 10, 1805. They . . . — Map (db m124291) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Reliable Landmarks
”…you will take careful observations of …objects distinguished by such natural marks & characters of a durable kind…” —President Thomas Jefferson There is a remarkable view from the crest of Clark's Lookout and it is . . . — Map (db m128182) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Sacajawea
In Commemoration of Sacajawea who guided Lewis and Clark through this the land of her childhood and capture On August 17th, 1805 she rejoined her tribe near this site. The services she rendered the expedition were invaluable. . . . — Map (db m124293) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Southern Gateway Marker(Ryan’s Canyon)
The waters of the Beaverhead River opened this southern gateway to Montana through which have passed:

Ancient Indian Trail Lewis and Clark Expedition 1805-1806 First Missionary, Father DeSmet 1840 Great Beaverhead Wagon Toll Road . . . — Map (db m145713) HM

Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — The First Electric Gold Dredge
Launched May 15, 1895, the remains of the F.L. Graves electric dredge boat now lies in Grasshopper Creek. — Map (db m124265) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — The Lewis and Clark Expedition
In 1804-06, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led about 40 soldiers and boatmen on an epic journey. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned this “Corps of Discovery” to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly . . . — Map (db m124305) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — William ClarkMap Maker
William Clark was central to the success of the Corps of Discovery expedition not only during the two years spent crossing the continent but also because he produced maps of the west long after his return. His three maps of the Western United . . . — Map (db m128181) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Grant — "Most Distant Fountain" of the Mighty Missouri
"the road took us to the most distant fountain of the waters of the mighty Missouri in surch (sic) of which we have spent so many toilsome days and wristless (sic) nights." - Meriwether Lewis, August 12, 1805 What's in a name? . . . — Map (db m109502) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Grant — The Beginning of the "Endless Missouri"
"two miles below McNeal had exultingly stood with a foot of each side of this little rivulet and thanked his god that he had lived to bestride the mighty & heretofore deemed endless Missouri." - Meriwether Lewis, August 12, 1805 Hugh . . . — Map (db m109500) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "Hot Spring Valley"Land of 10,000 Haystacks
In 1806, Captain William Clark and his crew traveled through here on horseback moving quickly on their return trip to St. Louis. Arriving at present day Jackson Hot Springs in the afternoon of July 7th, they stopped to experiment with cooking in the . . . — Map (db m124223) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "I now take my leave..."Clark Heads Toward the Yellowstone
On their return journey, the Corps of Discovery divided into two groups at Traveler's Rest, near present day Lolo, Montana. Captain William Clark and his party traveled through today's Big Hole Valley on their way to Camp Fortunate to recover their . . . — Map (db m124260) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "The Carroll Ranch"Stopping point for travelers & cattle drives
For generations the Hamilton Ranch was widely-known as the Carroll Ranch - and it served as a vital link between the Big Hole and Beaverhead valleys. Its location at the base of this mountain pass made the ranch a perfect stopping point for . . . — Map (db m124225) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — A Soul-Searching BirthdayQuestions about meaning, fulfillment & purpose
Meriwether Lewis is hardly the only person ever to have found himself evaluating the meaning and purpose of his own life. But the words he wrote on the evening of August 18, 1805 - when camped about 35 miles southeast of where you stand now - have . . . — Map (db m124227) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Naturally Sustained ProductivityPast, Present & Future
Ranching, anchored in the natural productivity of rangelands, is one of the main reasons so much or the landscape surrounding you still looks as it did centuries ago. The climate here is too harsh for farming, but native rangeland vegetation is . . . — Map (db m124228) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Undaunted StewardshipServing History and Enhancing the Environment & Economy
Undaunted Stewardship® is a statewide partnership involving 19 agricultural and conservation groups in Montana, managed and directed by Montana State University, the Montana Stockgrowers Association and the federal Bureau of Land Management. The . . . — Map (db m124243) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Welcome to Hamilton RanchHistoric Landscapes Endure
On a clear day, the sweeping views from here take in more than 400 square miles. Most of these lands look much as they have for centuries. Human travel routes haven't changed much either. Highway 278 mirrors very closely that Captain Clark and his . . . — Map (db m124222) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — Howdy Everyone! Glad to See You
The Department of Transportation launched an ambitious program in 1936 to promote the state's scenic, recreational, and historical treasures. The brainchild of department engineer Bob Fletcher, the program included roadside historical markers, . . . — Map (db m124334) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — The Montana Road
This area once echoed with the sound of creaking wagon wheels, cracking whips, and profanity so intense the mountains vibrated with sulfur! The old wagon road between Montana and Utah passed very close to this rest area. It first saw use in the . . . — Map (db m124336) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — The Tendoy Mountains
About four million years ago, this part of the North American Plate slid over a gigantic source of heat in the mantle known as the Yellowstone hot spot. In Yellowstone National Park, this heat is responsible for the geysers, mud pots, and hot . . . — Map (db m124335) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Polaris — The Way It Used To Be... Way Back
(Two panels are on this interpretive stand:) July 8, 1806 The Way It Used To Be... Way Back Just over two hundred years ago... We proceeded down Willards Creek on the S.W. Side about 11 miles...The Country . . . — Map (db m124268) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — A Perfect Place to Rest
Pursued by the U.S. Army since June 1877, approximately 800 Nez Perce (nimi•pu•) men, women, and children traveled over the Bitterroot Mountains and camped here in the Big Hole Valley. Thinking there was no immediate pursuit by the Army, this . . . — Map (db m123743) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — A Story of Fires... to be continued
"on each side of those glades the timber is small and great proportions of it killed by the fires" - William Clark, July 8 1806 Two hundred years ago William Clark saw a forest of young trees, many killed by fire. Very open stands of . . . — Map (db m123740) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Battlefield Landscape
From this vantage point you can visualize the general progress of the Battle of the Big Hole, but at a distance from the fear and chaos of its hand-to-hand combat. The landscape has changed little since the morning of August 9, 1877. This lush river . . . — Map (db m123741) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Big Hole National Battlefield Monument
(Inscriptions are found on three sides of this monument.) On This Field 17 officers and 133 enlisted men of the 7th U.S. Infantry under its Colonel Bvt. Major General John Gibbon with 8 other soldiers and 36 citizens . . . — Map (db m123812) WM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Big Hole ValleyLand of 10,000 Haystacks
Across the valley is the Continental Divide and the beautiful Bitterroot Mountains. The famous Big Hole River winds through the valley that is noted for abundant hay, fine cattle and horses, great hunting and fishing, beautiful scenery and friendly . . . — Map (db m124221) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Brave Warriors
To the everlasting Memory of the Brave Warriors of Chief Joseph's Band who fought on these grounds in the Nez Perce War of 1877 In Memory of the Indians, Infants, Children, Women and Old Men who . . . — Map (db m123755) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Natural Travel CorridorOn the Eve of Tragedy — Trail Creek —
(Three panels make up this informational marker:) Natural Travel Corridor Clark's 1806 Route Captain Clark and his party found great quantities of camas just beginning to bloom when they passed here on Sunday July 6, 1806. . . . — Map (db m123738) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Siege Site
In front of you on the morning of August 9, 1877, you would have seen soldiers and Montana volunteers pass by as they began to deploy for the coming attack on the Nez Perce encampment just through the trees. Following the army's surprise attack, . . . — Map (db m123745) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Busby — Rosebud Battlefield
"In grateful recognition of the valor and sacrifice of the soldiers killed in action fought on these grounds, between the United States Forces under General George Crook and Sioux and Cheyenne Indians under Chief Crazy Horse. June 17, 1876. 3rd U.S. . . . — Map (db m148145) HM WM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — 1984 Archeological SurveyLittle Bighorn Battlefield
On August 10, 1983 a prairie fire swept over the battlefield, burning nearly 600 acres of dense, thick vegetation. In May and June of 1984 the National Park Service began an unprecedented systematic archeological survey of the Custer Battlefield. . . . — Map (db m86810) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Bear Paw Memorial
In memory of enlisted men 2nd and 7th U. S. Cavalry and 5th U. S, Infantry killed in action near Bear Paw, Montana September 30, 1877 < Left Side of Monument : > 7th U. S. Cavalry Troop A 1st Serg’t Geo. McDermott Serg’t Otto Derglew . . . — Map (db m86873) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Bear Paw Monument1881
This monument was originally erected at Ft. Keogh in 1881 to honor U.S. Army casualties from the 1877 Nez Perce War. PLEASE NOTE: “Hostile Indians” is in historical context with a term used for Native American enemies of the United . . . — Map (db m86865) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Calhoun Hill(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
This position was held by Co. L commanded by Lt. James Calhoun. It may have been used to hold off Chief Gall and his Sioux warriors and thus protect Custer's advance. From here these soldiers could have attracted Capt. Benteen's column and the pack . . . — Map (db m21643) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Calhoun HillLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After separate skirmishing, Custer’s command reunites here. Company L, under Lt. James Calhoun, skirmishes with Gall, Crow King, Two Moons, and other warriors. From here these soldiers could have attracted Capt. Benteen’s column and the pack . . . — Map (db m86838) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Cheyenne Warrior MarkersLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After the battle, Sioux and Cheyenne removed their dead and buried them in tipis, scaffolds, and adjacent hillsides in the Little Bighorn valley. Southern Cheyenne Chief “Ve’ho’enohnenehe” (Lame White Man) and Northern Cheyenne . . . — Map (db m86860) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Chief Plenty CoupsLast Chief of the Crows — 1848 - 1932 —
      Plagued with the loss of the great buffalo herds, the confinement to reservations, disease, famine, and poverty, Chief Plenty Coups led the Crow people through a painful transition.       Gifted with vision, the power of impressive speech, . . . — Map (db m85999) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Companies C & E(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
The white markers on the knolls and in the ravines to the west and southwest show were the troopers of Co, C under Capt. Tom Custer and Co. E under Lt. Smith were found. The Indian encampment lay beyond on the flat across the river. — Map (db m21645) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Companies F and I(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Companies F and I were found on the northeast slope of this ridge. Capt. Keogh was to the right with Co. I. — Map (db m21644) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Crow's NestJune 25, 1876 — Morning —
From this promontory 13 miles away in the Wolf Mountains, Custer's scouts observe the Lakota, and Cheyenne pony herd and evidence of a large village in the valley behind you. Convinced the Indians had spotted his regiment and would soon scatter, . . . — Map (db m45580) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Custer Last Seen(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Gen. Custer and Lt. Cooke were last seen on this point by Maj. Reno's troops who were fighting in the valley. — Map (db m21638) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Custer’s AdvanceLittle Bighorn Battlefield
From the Crow’s Nest, a vantage point 14 miles away in the Wolf Mountains, Custer’s Crow and Arikara scouts saw evidence of the massive Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho encampment. Convinced that he was discovered, Custer abandoned plans for a . . . — Map (db m86817) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep CouleeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After the brief encounter near the river, Custer’s two companies retreat up the ravine to your right known as Deep Coulee. The remainder of Custer’s command skirmishes with warriors on the high ridge ½ mile to your right. Seizing the . . . — Map (db m86831) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep RavineLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Deep Ravine (Crazy Horse Gully & Grey Horse Ravine) was the scene of fierce fighting during the battle. Crazy Horse, and other Sioux and Cheyenne warriors crossed the Little Bighorn River (in front of you) and rode up the ravine during the attack . . . — Map (db m86800) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep RavineLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Custer’s command deploys in the current national cemetery area and advances into the basin across the road to your left before withdrawing to Last Stand Hill. Toward the conclusion of the battle, soldiers from Company E moved toward the Deep . . . — Map (db m86839) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Greasy Grass RidgeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Warriors ascend the large ravine behind you pursuing Custer’s troops. Soldiers retreat through the area to your front and right. Indians position themselves along the ridge to your left knows as Greasy Grass Ridge. Archeologists discovered numerous . . . — Map (db m86834) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Here We Remember the FallenCuster National Cemetery at Little Bighorn Battlefield NM
Custer National Cemetery, like Arlington National Cemetery, provides a final resting place for many generations of those who faithfully served in the United States armed forces. Here, Americans of many races and beliefs rest side by side. Relive . . . — Map (db m86846) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Indian EncampmentLittle Bighorn Battlefield
On June 25, 1876, approximately 7,000 Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho, including 1,500 – 2,000 warriors, encamped below on the Greasy Grass River (Little Bighorn). Under the political and spiritual leadership of Tatanka-Iyotanka (Sitting Bull), . . . — Map (db m86814) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Indian MemorialLittle Bighorn Battlefield
An Indian memorial to honor Native American participation in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876, and change the name of Custer Battlefield National Monument to Little Bighorn National Monument, was authorized by Congress in 1991 and . . . — Map (db m86804) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Keogh – Crazy Horse FightLittle Bighorn Battlefield
The Indian charge shatters the Calhoun defense and crashes through the soldier position at right, held by Capt. Myles Keogh’s Company I, Crazy Horse and White Bull cut down the retreating soldiers who flee northwest along this ridge in an effort to . . . — Map (db m86811) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Lame White Man ChargeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
This knoll was contested by Indians and soldiers. Some evidence indicates soldiers of Company C occupied this position since bodies of Sergeants Finckle and Finley were found here. Indian testimony suggests that Southern Cheyenne war leader Lame . . . — Map (db m86836) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Last Stand Hill, June 25, 1876Little Bighorn Battlefield
Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors surrounded this position near the climax of the battle. Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and approximately 41 men, shoot their horses for breastworks and fight to the death. Custer and several soldiers were . . . — Map (db m86801) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Battlefield
This area was occupied by troops A, B, D, G, H, K, and M, 7th. U.S. Cavalry, and the pack train when they were besieged by the Sioux Indians June 25th and 26th 1876. — Map (db m21636) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
(Bottom of Marker): In memory of Officers and soldiers who fell near this place fighting with the 7th United States Cavalry against the Sioux Indians on the 25th and 26th of June, A.D. 1876 (The rest of the marker includes . . . — Map (db m7022) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Indian Memorial
Arikara “I shall not see you (sun) go down behind the mountains tonight . . .I am going home today, not the way we came, but in spirit, home to my people.”- Bloody Knife, Arikara (June 25, 1876) “These Old Scouts, . . . — Map (db m87723) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Lone TipiJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 2:00 p.m. —
Advancing down Reno Creek, Custer pauses at a tipi located behind this ridge. The tipi contains the remains of a Sans Arc warrior killed a week before at the Battle of the Rosebud. Indians flee toward the village, prompting Custer to order Reno's . . . — Map (db m45581) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail CouleeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After leaving Cedar Coulee, Custer descends toward the Little Bighorn River in the ravine ahead known as Medicine Tail Coulee. Custer probably again divides his command: three companies likely ascend to the higher ridges beyond. Two companies . . . — Map (db m86824) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail Coulee Ford(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Chief Gall and his Sioux warriors forded the river here to attack Custer's troops on the high ground to the northeast. — Map (db m21642) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail FordLittle Bighorn Battlefield
As soldiers descend Medicine Tail Coulee, the Minniconjou and Cheyenne camps were on the western bank. Archeological evidence supports Indian testimony, that initial fighting took place on the flats near the river to your left and cutbank directly . . . — Map (db m86827) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Memorial MarkersLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Following the battle, the Lakota and Cheyenne removed their dead and buried them in lodges, scaffolds, and the hillsides. Surviving members of the 7th Cavalry hastily buried the soldiers, Indian Scouts, and civilians on June 28, 1876. In 1877, . . . — Map (db m86844) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — National Cemetery
This National Cemetery, established in 1886, is for interment of those who served honorably in the Armed Forces of the United States. their immediate families also have burial privileges.

Many from indian battles of the northwest are buried here. . . . — Map (db m45551) HM

Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Peace Through UnityLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Indian descendants of participants in the Battle of the Little Bighorn helped form the vision of the Indian Memorial. The “Peace Through Unity” theme was conceived by the late Enos Poor Bear, Sr. and Austin Two Moons. Together, they . . . — Map (db m86806) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno’s RetreatLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Under mounting pressure, Reno abandons the timber. His retreat disintegrates into a rout as pursuing warriors ride in amongst the troopers killing more than 30 soldiers. Indian casualties are few. Lakota and Cheyennes drive the cavalry across the . . . — Map (db m86821) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno’s Valley FightLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After fording the Little Bighorn River one mile to your left, Reno’s battalion gallops down the valley below. Convinced he is vastly outnumbered, Reno dismounts, and forms a skirmish line across the valley floor, firing into the lodges. Warriors . . . — Map (db m86819) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno's Skirmish Line - Warrior CounterattackJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 3:00 p.m. —
Reno's battalion of 175 soldiers, civilian personnel, and Arikara and Crow Scouts halt in the valley and form a thin skirmish line. Warriors race out from the village to oppose him. After 10 minutes of fighting Lakota and Cheyenne warriors outflank . . . — Map (db m45583) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Retreat CrossingJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 4:00 p.m. —
During Reno's retreat from the timber, Crazy Horse, Wooden Leg, Black Elk, and perhaps as many as 600 warriors chase the soldiers across the Little Bighorn River. Reno's casualties are 40 men killed and 13 wounded. The remnants of Reno's command . . . — Map (db m45584) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Seventh Cavalry Horse Cemetery
After the battle, 39 cavalry horses that had been shot for breastworks during Custer’s Last Stand, were found among the dead on Last Stand Hill. In 1879, a temporary cordwood monument was erected by the Army on the crest of the hill. The area, . . . — Map (db m45604) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Sharpshooter Ridge
June 25-26, 1876 - From the ridge to your right, Custer first views the village. Needing more information about the extent of the encampment, he moves further north. After witnessing the beginning of Reno's charge, Custer's five companies descend . . . — Map (db m45587) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — The Reno-Benteen DefenseJune 25-26, 1876
After an unsuccessful attack on the Indian camp in the valley, Major Reno and his battalion retreated to this vicinity where they were soon reinforced by Captain Benteen's battalion and the pack train. In an attempt to find and rejoin Custer they . . . — Map (db m45554) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Timber FightJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 3:15 - 3:55 p.m. —
Reno occupies a defensive position in the timber. Determined to defend their village, warriors soon penetrate the woods, convincing Reno that the position is untenable. After fighting for 30 minutes, Reno retreats across the Little Bighorn River. — Map (db m45585) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Weir PointLittle Bighorn Battlefield
In an attempt to locate Custer, Company D under Captain Thomas Weir advances to this hilltop position without orders late on June 25. Weir may have witnessed the conclusion of the battle three miles ahead. He is later joined by Captain Benteen and . . . — Map (db m86823) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Weir Point Fight(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
This is the farthest point reached by Capt. Weir in his attempt to assist Custer. Minutes after arriving, his company was joined by Capt. Benteen's company and others. They remained about 45 minutes until mounting warrior pressure forced them back . . . — Map (db m21640) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Wooden Leg HillJune 25, 1876
The hill in front of you was occupied by Lakota, and Cheyenne during the fight on Last Stand Hill. An unknown Sioux warrior wearing a warbonnet was killed here while firing his rifle at soldiers positioned behind a horse barricade on the crest of . . . — Map (db m45593) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Garryowen
         Garryowen, the old Irish tune, was the regimental marching song of the 7th U.S. Cavalry, General Custer's command.          The Battle of the Little Big Horn commenced in the valley just east of here June 25, 1876, after Custer had . . . — Map (db m67897) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Garryowen, Montana - Sitting Bull’s Camp
Where the Battle of Little Big Horn Began June 25, 1876 (map of battlefield) (showing Custer’s column, Reno’s column, Indian camp, Last Stand Hill) Custer Battlefield Museum — Map (db m98277) HM WM
Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
On this site in 1876 the historic Battle of the Little Big Horn began. “When we stand side by side in the circle of no beginning and no ending, the first maker, creator of all things, is in the center. He hears the words of supplication and . . . — Map (db m86022) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Hardin — Fort Custer
"Fort Custer--Established as a military post November 1877 by order of President Rutherford B. Haynes and General Phil H. Sheridan. Garrisoned as one of the important Military posts in the Northwest until abandoned by the Government, September 1897. . . . — Map (db m148124) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Huntley — Buffalo CountryThe Eastern Plains of Montana
The great plains of eastern Montana was home to thousands of buffalo before Euro-American hunters nearly wiped them out in the early 1800’s. The animals were central to the Indian lifeway. In the dog days, hunters herded buffalo into corrals . . . — Map (db m99063) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — ćáynim?a•lika?speBear Paw Battlefield Trail
For the exhausted Nez Perce, this site, known to them as ćáynim?a•lika?spe (Place of Manure Fire), appeared to be a good place to rest before continuing to Canada. Then a large force of U.S. soldiers surprised them from the east. After . . . — Map (db m142832) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — We will stand our ground!Roaring Eagle: tipiyeléhne?iléseniń (George Comedown)
Striking on the run, the U.S. Army planned to surprise and overwhelm the Nez Perce camp. Along this ridge Nez Perce warriors fought back fiercely and stopped the cavalry charge. The surprise attack was blunted, but the Nez Perce were pinned down, . . . — Map (db m142866) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Bear Paw BattlefieldC'Aynnim 'Alikinwaaspa
C'Aynnim 'Alikinwaaspa is the Nez Perce name for this site. It means "Place of the Manure Fire" because the Nez Perce used buffalo chips as fuel here. On September 29, 1877, about 700 Nez Perce men, women and children camped in the basin . . . — Map (db m142830) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Bear's Paw Battleground
Two panels are affixed to a common boulder. Commemorating the surrender of Chief Joseph and the remnants of his tribe of Nez Perce to General Nelson A. Miles, October 5, 1877. Here Chiefs Looking Glass, Ollicut, Too-hul-sote and . . . — Map (db m142802) HM WM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Brave Warriors Chief Joseph's Band
To the everlasting memory of the Brave Warriors Chief Joseph's Band who fought on these grounds in the Nez Perce War of 1877 Erected by Nez Perce Indians and the Chief Joseph Memorial Association . . . — Map (db m142865) WM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Chief Joseph's SurrenderOctober 5, 1887 11:00 a.m.
With the fighting at a standoff, himató・yalahtq'it (Chief Joseph) met with Colonel Miles near this site. Surrender was a survival strategy, to keep the Nez Perce people alive and together. One witness reported that Chief Joseph spoke . . . — Map (db m142869) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Last Battle
These rolling hills and coulees are the site of the last battle of the 1877 Nez Perce War. For the Nez Perce this was the end of a 1,170-mile journey, after many successful skirmishes along the way. Canada was only 40 miles farther, its mountains . . . — Map (db m142833) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — McWhorter StakesBear Paw Battlefield
Map (db m142682) HM WM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Nez Perce Encampment
About noon the families made camp. The scouts killed several buffalo. This place is ćáynim?a•lika?spe (Place of Manure Fire) .... Some warriors were on the buttes watching for enemies. We expected none. -- himi・n maqsmáqs . . . — Map (db m142838) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Nez Perce National Historical Park
This park links a series of widely separated sites of deep significance to the Nez Perce – historic villages, battlefields, and legend sites. The park experience involves a journey across both time and territory. Although firmly connected to . . . — Map (db m142831) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — No Place to Hide
As cannon scattered shot from bursting shells, people held buffalo hides over themselves. -- wewetatomay, wife of 'álok'at As the initial attack turned into a six-day siege, the army began bombarding the Nez Perce camp with . . . — Map (db m142864) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Soldier Burials
The large depression is the site of a mass grave. Here the U.S. Army buried its casualties from the battle. This ridge is also the site of a hastily erected field hospital -- just a tent were surgeons tended and operated on the wounded. In 1912 the . . . — Map (db m142868) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — Surrender of Chief Joseph
From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever. October 5 1877 Surrender of Chief Joseph to Colonel Nelson A Miles To the valor and devotion of those both red and white who struggled here Erected by the Congress of . . . — Map (db m142801) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — The Battle of Bears Paw
This battle was fought September 30 to October 5, 1877, on Snake Creek, about 20 miles south of here near the Bears Paw Mountains, where after five days days' siege Chief Joseph, one of five remaining Nez Perce leaders, surrendered to Col. Nelson A. . . . — Map (db m142800) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Fort Belknap Indian Community — Fort Belknap Reservation
Fort Belknap Reservation was established in 1888 when Gros Ventres, Blackfeet, and River Crows ceded to the government 17,500,000 acres of their joint reservation that had covered all of northern Montana east of the Rocky Mountains. Home for the . . . — Map (db m142915) HM
Montana (Blaine County), Harlem — Airmen Memorial
One a quiet night, nine miles north of Harlem, Montana the lives of thirteen airmen were lost when two C-1441B Starlifter Cargo Planes collided. The thirteen crew members from McChord Air Force Base were on a low level refueling exercise on that . . . — Map (db m142910) WM
Montana (Broadwater County), Townsend — Canyon Ferry
Shortly after the discovery of gold in Confederate Gulch, freighters established a road between Helena and Diamond City. The Missouri River was a barrier to travelers until John Oakes established a ferry in Black Rock Canyon in 1865. A small . . . — Map (db m141733) HM
Montana (Broadwater County), Townsend — State Bank of Townsend
J. P. Kearns came to Townsend from Benton, Wisconsin, in 1899. Business-educated and experienced, Kearns astutely recognized the town’s need for a new financial institution and founded the State Bank of Townsend only three months later. The bank was . . . — Map (db m141732) HM
Montana (Broadwater County), Townsend — Thar's Gold in Them Thar Hills
In 1864, prospectors discovered promising placer gold deposits in Confederate Gulch, named for their political sympathies during the Civil War. This led to a huge gold rush that brought thousands of people to the gulch and the discovery of some of . . . — Map (db m141735) HM
Montana (Broadwater County), Townsend — Yorks IslandsLewis and Clark in Montana
York (ca. 1770-1831) is the only name given for Captain William Clark's slave in the journals of Lewis and Clark (Moulton, 1988). Lewis and Clark's journals frequently refer to York, a black slave to Captain William Clark. York played an . . . — Map (db m141726) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Bridger — Jim Bridger, Mountain Man
Jim Bridger arrived in Montana in 1822 as a member of a Rocky Mountain Fur Co. brigade. For years he had no more permanent home than a poker chip. He roamed the entire Rocky Mountain region and often came through this part of the country. A keen . . . — Map (db m96630) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — 105 North Broadway
Local physician Dr. Samuel Souders owned this commercial lot in 1909 when Dan Davis, an advocate for the construction of a fancy opera house, proposed it for the construction of his vision. The newspapers reported weekly for several months on Davis’ . . . — Map (db m45384) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Alcazar (Star) Theater
A combination moving picture theater and boarding house were the original tenants of this two-story masonry building, completed in 1908. Several directors managed the rather short-lived Alcazar, including Steve Roman, whose family long monopolized . . . — Map (db m45387) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — B.P.O.E. Lodge #534
Americans organized much of their social life around fraternal groups at the turn of the twentieth century. The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks provided an important social and charitable outlet for Red Lodge's professionals, who circulated . . . — Map (db m45395) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Carbon County Courthouse
Butte architect P. J. Donahue drew the plans for the 1899 landmark after fire destroyed its predecessor. Situated at the busy northern end of the commercial district, the building today provides an excellent example of restrained, classically . . . — Map (db m45402) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Carbon County Hospital And Sanitarium
When prominent local physician and surgeon Dr. Samuel Souders built this magnificent hospital in 1909, it was considered “state-of-the-art.” Amenities included a central heating system, wide doorways and hallways, an elevator, and . . . — Map (db m45404) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Charles Antilla Building
This two-story building was under construction in 1907, and for a short time housed part-owner Charles Antilla’s dry goods store. In 1912, new owners Ed Ricketts and C. V. Lucas located their Okay Meat Market, later the Red Lodge Meat Market, on the . . . — Map (db m45388) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Foiled Bank Robbery Site
On Sept. 18, 1897, The Sundance Kid (Harry Longbaugh), Kid Curry and others of the "Wild Bunch" rode into Red Lodge after escaping from jail in Belle Fourche, S.D., and announced their intention of making an unauthorized withdrawal from the Carbon . . . — Map (db m80188) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Hawkes & Son Photography Studio
Photographer Mark E. Hawkes and his son Charley built a photography studio at this location where much of Red Lodge’s history was documented in pictures. Charley later struck out for Great Falls, and son Harry joined Mark. Hawkes & Son sold the . . . — Map (db m45405) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — High Country Thoroughfare
Lieutenant General Philip Sheridan and 124 men forged the first documented passage over the Beartooth Mountains in 1881. Once thought impassible, the route was later modified by E. E. Van Dyke - a miner from coal rich Red Lodge, Montana. His route . . . — Map (db m45244) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Iarussi Building
In the 1920s Italian shoemaker Ludovico Iarussi (later changed to Jarussi) owned this property containing his shop and several frame commercial buildings. In 1929 Iarussi razed the older shops and constructed the present building. Financially . . . — Map (db m45409) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Labor Temple
Red Lodge Miner’s Local No. 1771 had grown to more than a thousand members when this labor temple was built in 1909. The United Mine Workers of America organized nationally in 1896 and by 1898, Local No. 1771 had 200 members. The building is a . . . — Map (db m45412) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Neithammer Brothers Meat Market
German-born Victor and Otto Neithammer first established their meat market on North Broadway in 1912, raising their own livestock to supply this and other local family-run stores. Because the Neithammers' employees represented many ethnic groups, . . . — Map (db m45415) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Picket Block
Designed by Red Lodge carpenter and amateur architect Frank A. Sell and built by W. T. Pernham in 1902, this impressive brick commercial building was home to the Red Lodge Picket and, after 1918, the Picket-Journal, the primary news . . . — Map (db m45416) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Plunkett's Hardware
High transom windows that provide interior light for a mezzanine commercial display area are an interesting design feature of this well-constructed commercial building. The simple chain-patterned ornamentation of buff brick across the tall parapet . . . — Map (db m45419) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Pollard Hotel
The Rocky Fork Coal Company constructed this hotel, originally the Spofford, which welcomed its first guests on July 4, 1893. This architectural landmark, built before the commercial district was platted, originally had its main entrance on 11th . . . — Map (db m45390) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Red Lodge
Coal was discovered in the Rock Creek Valley nearly two decades before Red Lodge was established as a mail stop on the Meeteese Trail in 1884. In 1887, the Rocky Fork Coal Company opened the first large-scale mine at Red Lodge sparking the . . . — Map (db m45250) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Red Lodge Commercial District
Rapid growth of the young town of Red Lodge coincided with the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad’s branch line in 1889. The area became Montana’s leading coal mining region. Town lots were platted by the secretary of the Rocky Fork Town and . . . — Map (db m45386) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Beartooth Plateau
The Beartooth Plateau contains some of the oldest exposed rocks on Earth and provides a unique window into the history of our planet. About 55 million years ago, this massive block of metamorphic basement rock pushed its way upward nearly two miles . . . — Map (db m45251) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Iris Theater
Originally intended as a meeting hall with storefront space, tenants Byton Down and Robert Pryde redesigned the building’s ground floor before its completion for use as a theater. When the Iris opened in 1925, residents viewed it as welcome . . . — Map (db m45410) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Red Lodge Country
According to tradition, a band of Crow Indians left the main tribe and moved west into the foothills of the Beartooth Range many years ago. They painted their council tepee with red-clay and this old-time artistry resulted in the name Red Lodge. . . . — Map (db m45247) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — W. A. Talmage Company Hardware
A keen sense of the town’s future prompted businessman William Talmage to move his hardware business away from the busy commercial center a few blocks south to this building in 1894. When other businesses began to move to the newly platted main . . . — Map (db m45420) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Belt — "East Belt" Ventilation Fan
The town of Belt owes its existence to the coal mines located here in the 1890's. In those days the pop. was 4,000. The Anaconda mine, seen here, employed 1,000 men and produced 2,500 tons of coal daily. The bituminous coal went to the Anaconda . . . — Map (db m143651) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Belt — Belt Commercial Historic District
Pennsylvania native John Castner discovered rich coal deposits along Belt Creek in 1870. Within just a few years, he and Fort Benton trader T.C. Power opened a commercial coal mine near here. The partners sold coal for use by the Great Northern . . . — Map (db m143650) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Belt — Belt Jail
Lewis and Clark named nearby Belt Butte for its girdle of rocks and, in 1877, John Castner named his town Belt. Coal brought Castner here, and Fort Benton was the first market for his Castner Coal Company. Then, in 1889, the Boston and Montana . . . — Map (db m143649) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Belt — Mountains, Belt Butte, and the Great Falls Coal Field
The scenic Highwood Mountains, visible on the skyline to the northeast, are composed of resistant volcanic rocks which tower above the relatively soft surrounding sedimentary rocks. The mountains contain an unusual abundance of a dark igneous rock . . . — Map (db m143648) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Fort Shaw — Commanding Officer's QuartersFort Shaw, Montana 1867-1891
This building was constructed in 1867 and served as the private quarters for the commanding officer's and their families while stationed here. 13th U.S. Infantry 1867-1871 Maj. William Clinton Lt. Col. G.L. Andrews Col. I.V.D. Reeves . . . — Map (db m144026) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Fort Shaw — Fort Shaw
Barring fur trading posts, the first important white settlements in Montana were the mining camps in the western mountains. Everything to the east belonged to the plains Indians and was buffalo range. To protect the miners and settlers from . . . — Map (db m101871) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Fort Shaw — Fort Shaw
Camp Reynolds was established on this site June 30 - 1867 to protect route from Helena to Fort Benton. Name changed to Fort Shaw July 4 - 1867 in remembrance of Colonel Robert G. Shaw. Declared a military reservation January 11 - 1870 . . . — Map (db m144022) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Fort Shaw — Fort Shaw Government Industrial Indian School
"Come bring your lunch basket and you friends and have a good time," urged Montana newspapers in June 1897. The Fort Shaw Indian School's year-end exercises would begin at 1:00 p.m. with a band concert, followed by field games, recitations, and . . . — Map (db m144021) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Fort Shaw — Undisputed Champions
Fred C. Campbell became superintendent of the Fort Shaw Indian School in 1898. He was a progressive teacher and administrator skilled in public relations; and he quickly recognized the ability of the young women's basketball team. By 1902 he was . . . — Map (db m143987) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — "Nibbles"A Life-size Montanoceratops
"Nibbles," a Montanoceratops cerorynchus (sic, cerorhynchos?), was a small plant eating dinosaur from the late cretaceous period. The species is about 68 million years old and was discovered in 1942 in the St. Mary River Formation in North Central . . . — Map (db m143859) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — 305 Third Avenue NorthNorthside Residential Historic District
A graceful wraparound porch with square posts, a central entry beneath a projecting gable, and transomed windows distinguish this charming vernacular example of the Greek Revival style. Inside, a rounded hall ceiling adds lovely period elegance. The . . . — Map (db m143826) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — 315 Fourth Avenue NorthGreat Falls Historic District
Great Falls’ premier residential street, Fourth Avenue North, gained 24 new homes between 1900 and 1910. Among them was this substantial residence, constructed in 1904 for bookkeeper Edgar Newlon and his wife Anna. The home is a classic American . . . — Map (db m143823) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — A "great" Set of Falls
Hidasta informants described a fall of water on the Missouri River near the mountains, so the Captains expected a short portage. Instead of one waterfall, Lewis happened upon a succession of five, and their hope for a short portage faded. Look . . . — Map (db m80319) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — A.W. Kingsbury HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
Pictured in 1909 in the Great Falls Tribune under the headline “A Great Falls Residence,” this Queen Anne style house was hardly typical of its day. An imposing two-and-one-half-story structure, the elegant home was built in 1901 for . . . — Map (db m143815) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Abe and Carrie Kaufman ResidenceNorthside Residential Historic District
A dramatic living room fireplace, crystal chandelier, and boxed-beam dining room ceiling are among the original fixtures continuing to decorate the interior of the Abe and Carrie Kaufman residence. Neoclassical, Craftsman, and Victorian detailing . . . — Map (db m143816) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Anaconda Company Manager's HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
The Boston and Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver Mining Company, later acquired by the Anaconda Company, chose a treeless bluff overlooking the river to locate its smelter and refinery in 1892. Among the seventeen managers’ houses built at . . . — Map (db m143828) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Arvon BlockGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
During the busy 1890s, Great Falls’ business district swarmed with activity. City boosters such as pioneer rancher Robert Vaughn expressed confidence in the town’s future by investing in commercial real estate. Vaughn commissioned an unknown . . . — Map (db m143679) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Black Eagle Falls
The uppermost of the Great Falls of the Missouri bears west of this point. The name is a modern one derived from an entry for June 14th, 1805 in the journal of Capt. Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He discovered the falls on that . . . — Map (db m80427) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Boyd HouseGreat Falls Northside Residential Historic District
By 1910, the Queen Anne style had lost much of its allure. Once admired, its artistic jumble of angles, textures, and colors had become reviled as cluttered and artificial. This rejection of complexity was gradual, and many houses—like this . . . — Map (db m143856) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Bus Depot and GarageGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
Streamline Moderne architecture celebrated America’s engineering prowess. The style—which offered an optimistic response to the woes of the Great Depression—promised a better future through technology. Its celebration of speed and . . . — Map (db m143678) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — C.E. Davis ResidenceNorthside Residential Historic District
Charles E. Davis, “expert watchmaker and jeweler,” arrived in Great Falls with his wife, Grace, in 1900. With Charles’ two brothers, the couple opened a store on bustling Central Avenue, selling jewelry, watches, cut glass, gifts, and . . . — Map (db m143805) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Cascade County Courthouse
Spirited revelry in the streets of Great Falls greeted news of the creation of Cascade County in 1887. Named county seat, Great Falls grew quickly, with county offices located in various downtown buildings. In 1891 voters approved the . . . — Map (db m101873) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Depot
The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway was constructed between 1907 and 1909, the last transcontinental railroad to cross Montana. Its service to Great Falls during the homestead boom supported the city’s establishment as a major urban center . . . — Map (db m141948) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Commissary of the Plains
The plains surrounding Great Falls were crowded with immense herds of deer, elk, antelope and buffalo. Buffalo was a staple diet item for plains Indians and became a favorite meal for the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Lewis and Clark . . . — Map (db m126498) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Cowboys Bar and MuseumGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
Former Great Falls “cowhands” held a reunion in 1938. Now grown men, as boys they had earned money herding local milk cows in and out of town each day or driving range cattle through the city streets. Membership soon expanded beyond . . . — Map (db m143671) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Dubbs BlockGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
A shortage of steel and limited purchases of nonessential goods during World War II caused the automobile industry to skyrocket after the war ended. As the troops came home and the economy recovered, Montana experienced this boom as well. By the . . . — Map (db m143772) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Explorers at the Portage
excerpt from the journals of Captain Meriwether Lewis I scelected a fat buffaloe and shot him very well Robert M. Scriver, Sculptor , through the lungs ... expecting him to fall ... ...a large white, or reather brown bear ... crept on me . . . — Map (db m141981) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — F.W. Woolworth BuildingGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
A close look at the Woolworth Building’s upper floors makes evident that it was originally two separate, but closely related edifices. Connecting arches over second-story windows, a decorative metal cornice, and a crowning brick parapet distinguish . . . — Map (db m143769) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — First Methodist Church
First Sermon by Reverend Jacob Mills 401 Central Avenue 1884 Reverend Francis Asbury Riggin and Reverend William Wesley Van Orsdel secured present Church site 1886 First Sanctuary 1888 Second Sanctuary 1902 Educational . . . — Map (db m143773) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — First United Methodist Church Parsonage
The pioneer Methodist circuit rider William Wesley Van Orsdel—better known as “Brother Van”—arrived in Fort Benton, Montana, on the steamboat, Far West, in 1872. For forty-five years, he traveled on horseback, by wagon, by . . . — Map (db m143788) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Formation of the Gorge and Falls
... the rocks seems to be most happily fixed to present a sheet of the whitest beaten froath for 200 yards in length and about 80 feet perpendicular. — Meriwether Lewis, June 13, 1805 The Great Falls of the Missouri . . . — Map (db m82766) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Giant Fountain
Lewis and Clark On their historic Expedition to the Pacific Coast discovered this Giant Fountain June 18 - 1805 In honor of the courage, fidelity and patriotism of the explorers this tablet is here placed and . . . — Map (db m148969) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Great Falls Central Business Historic District
An eclectic cultural landscape has long characterized the West Bank. Separated from downtown Great Falls by the broad Missouri River, the larger neighborhood has hosted a varied mix of industrial, residential, and commercial development since the . . . — Map (db m143758) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Great Falls Civic CenterGreat Falls Railroad Historic District
Clean lines, formal monumental openings, and restrained revival details mark the 1939 Great Falls Civic Center as a municipal Art Deco style building. The Works Projects Administration provided most of the funding for the building. The . . . — Map (db m143680) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Great Falls West Bank Historic District
An eclectic cultural landscape has long characterized the West Bank. Separated from downtown Great Falls by the broad Missouri River, the larger neighborhood has hosted a varied mix of industrial, residential, and commercial development since the . . . — Map (db m143676) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Lemon Boarding HouseGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
Beneath the façade of this solid-looking building stands a much older wooden boarding house. In 1891, only seven years after the founding of Great Falls, a two-story dwelling stood on this lot. Mrs. S. H. Lemon ran the boarding house in 1896 and . . . — Map (db m143770) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Lewis & Clark Portage RouteJune - July 1805 - July, 1806
To avoid the series of waterfalls along the Missouri River north of this point, the Expedition portaged their canoes and several tons of baggage, crossing the highway right here. At the lower camp, some 12 miles NE, the crew made crude wagons, the . . . — Map (db m143667) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Liberty TheatreGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
Thirty-six hundred people watched Nomads of the North at the grand opening of the Liberty Theatre in August 1921. A musical score, played on a $47,000 Wurlitzer organ, accompanied the silent film. An overflow crowd of two thousand toured the . . . — Map (db m143756) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Malmstrom Air Force Base
Since 1942, Malmstrom Air Force Base has been on the frontline of America's national defense. Known locally as East Base during World War II. B-17 Flying Fortress pilots trained here and the base served as a staging area for military planes flown to . . . — Map (db m143664) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Masonic TempleGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
Freemasons trace their history to the stonemasons of Medieval Europe, an association referenced in the design for the Great Falls Masonic Temple. Constructed in 1914, the three-story building features a dramatic central tower and steep gable bays . . . — Map (db m143771) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — McCulloh ResidenceGreat Falls Northside Residential Historic District
Carroll B. McCulloh and his wife Ella constructed this elegant two-story brick home in 1911, raising their two children here. Its two-and-one-half stories, simple box shape, low-hipped roof, large central dormer, wide overhanging eaves, and offset . . . — Map (db m143855) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — 444 — Methodist Parsonage
Historic Methodist Parsonage Home of Brother Van Built 1910 — Map (db m143787) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Mobile Villages
Regimented Routine The men followed military protocol, receiving orders from the captains and sergeants. The daily chores became second nature and never-ending. They hunted, cooked for today, or dried meat for tomorrow. They prepared . . . — Map (db m143874) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Murphy Maclay Hardware StoreGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
In the 1880s Murphy, Maclay and Co. sold everything from flour and fine teas to window glass and blasting powder. Edgar Maclay and John Murphy established the firm with stores in Helena and Fort Benton in 1882. Two years later they sent Worden Wren . . . — Map (db m143754) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — New Park HotelGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
Town founders Paris Gibson and Herbert Chowen built the original Park Hotel in 1892 to serve travelers disembarking at the nearby Great Northern Depot. When the hundred-room hotel burned in a 1913 fire, Park Hotel owners hired prominent Great Falls . . . — Map (db m143753) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Northside Residential Historic District
Great Falls founder Paris Gibson was drawn to the power of the falls of the Missouri where he vowed to found an industrial center of “unsurpassed beauty.” Backed by railroad magnate James J. Hill, Gibson hired H. P. Rolfe to plat the . . . — Map (db m143857) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Of Special ConcernLewis and Clark Nature Trail
Meriwether Lewis recorded the first scientific observations of the westslope cutthroat trout while he ate one for dinner. Once abundant, the fish has been listed as a species of special concern since 1979. "These trout...precisely resemble our . . . — Map (db m143908) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — One of Many FirstsLewis and Clark Nature Trail
The narrowleaf cottonwood, a tree "with a leaf like that of the wild cherry" was first described for modern science by Lewis on June 12, 1805. Other expedition first near Great Falls include documenting the cutthroat trout, thirteen-lined . . . — Map (db m143875) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Pure Springs Along the Missouri River
Over 150 million gallons of water flow from Giant Springs everyday and cascade into the Missouri River. The springs occur where cracks in the rocks above the Madison Limestone allow water to leak upward to the land surface. It is similar to a . . . — Map (db m127798) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Quigley HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
By 1908, Montana’s agricultural boom was in full swing, and real estate agents like John Quigley, whose firm offered farms “on 20 years payments,” seemed poised to make a fortune. That year forty-eight-year-old Quigley built this large . . . — Map (db m143807) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — S.H. Kress and Company
Thirty-six hundred people watched Nomads of the North at the grand opening of the Liberty Theatre in August 1921. A musical score, played on a $47,000 Wurlitzer organ, accompanied the silent film. An overflow crowd of two thousand toured the . . . — Map (db m143757) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Sacajawea Island
On July 3, 1984 this island was named in honor of Sacajawea, the Shoshoni Indian girl who accompanied the Lewis and Clark expedition from the Mandan villages to the Pacific Coast. Sacajawea was born about 1788 in southwest Montana, At 12 years . . . — Map (db m143877) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Seaman: Companion to the Corps
On his way down the Ohio River in 1803, Captain Meriwether Lewis purchased a Newfoundland dog for twenty dollars. It was a perfect choice of breed for the impending exploration; powerful swimmer, strong guarding instinct, gentle disposition and a . . . — Map (db m143860) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — St. Ann's Cathedral
Shortly after Pope Pius X established the Diocese of Great Falls in 1904, Great Falls’ first bishop, Matthias Lenihan, hired Montana architect John Hackett Kent to design a cathedral equal to those in Europe. Kent, who helped design the Montana . . . — Map (db m141924) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — T.E. Collins Mansion
Irish-born Timothy Collins followed the gold stampedes to Montana but soon turned to law and politics. For a time in the 1870s he was the only attorney practicing in Meagher County. Elected to the territorial legislature several times, Collins was a . . . — Map (db m143677) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Terrill ApartmentsNorthside Residential Historic District
Apartment buildings were good investments in rapidly expanding communities like Great Falls, which grew from 17,000 to 26,000 between 1910 and 1920. Owners reported waiting lists for units, which ranged from rooms in old-fashioned “apartment . . . — Map (db m143824) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Army's Navy
Lewis and Clark Trail markers follow today's highways, but rivers actually determined most of their route. By the Great Falls, over 2500 miles of Missouri "roadway" had been navigated. Keeping the Expedition Afloat During three seasons . . . — Map (db m143674) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Experiment
Designed to be Portable In 1803, Captain Meriwether Lewis led an expedition to map a water route west to the Pacific Ocean. Along the way, the Lewis and Clark Expedition uses 26 different boats, but one deserves special mention. . . . — Map (db m143669) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Falls: Obstacle or Opportunity
For Meriwether Lewis in 1805, the falls were an obstacle on the journey to the Pacific. To Paris Gibson (near right) the falls were a source of great opportunity. As Gibson laid out the townsite of Great Falls he envisioned dams to harness the falls . . . — Map (db m126545) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Great Falls of the Missouri River
On June, 13, 1805 Captain Meriwether Lewis confirmed the existence of what had been just a legend to many - the Great Falls of the Missouri River. Earlier that day, Lewis, who as suspected the falls were in the area based on what the Minnetaree . . . — Map (db m141983) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Portage Around the Falls
”…the men has to haul with all their Strength Wate & art, catching grass & knobes and Stones with their hands to give them more force in drawing on the Canoes & Loads, at every halt, those not employed in repairing the Course, are asleep . . . — Map (db m126558) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Smallest River Runs Through It
From here you can witness one of the shortest rivers in the country flowing into the longest river. The Roe River ranks as one of the shortest rivers at only 201 feet in length. The Missouri River is the longest in the country stretching 2,540 . . . — Map (db m82765)
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Ten Who Died In Service
In Grateful Memory of 316 High School Boys Who Enlisted in the World War 1914 - 1919 All but ten returned to serve as Citizens in the Arts of Peace The Ten Who Died in Service for Whom the Elm Trees about this plat are . . . — Map (db m143789) WM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — These Springs Have Witnessed...
Native American tribes followed the buffalo through this area and camped at Giant Springs. The temperature of the spring water stays a consistent 54 degrees all year long, making this a good site for winter camps. Lewis and Clark Corps of . . . — Map (db m127799) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Toole ResidenceNorthside Residential Historic District
The front canted bay window hints at the modest one-story Queen Anne style residence that lies at the core of this elegant home. In 1891, the house was one of only two on the block. A small back addition had been added by 1900, when Mandeville . . . — Map (db m143822) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Union Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church
At the center of the African American community in Great Falls for more than a century, the Union Bethel AME Church began holding regular services in the first fire station in 1890. The following year African American residents gathered with white . . . — Map (db m143792) HM

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May. 31, 2020