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Historical Markers in Montana

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The Montana-Utah Road Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2018
The Montana-Utah Road Marker
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dell — The Montana-Utah Road
Interstate 15 is the latest in a series of roads that have traversed this area since prehistory. Although used for generations by Native Americans, the first recorded use of this route was by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on August 10, 1805. They . . . — Map (db m124333) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — "it was mutually advantageous..."Lewis and Clark at Camp Fortunate
Few points along the route of the Lewis and Clark Expedition have the significance of this site, now beneath the waters of Clark Canyon Reservoir. Noted on their maps as "Fortunate Camp", the Lewis and Clark Expedition journeyed here hoping to . . . — Map (db m124302) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — A Tribute to Sidney EdgertonMontana's Unsung Hero
Sidney Edgerton arrived at Bannack from Ohio in September 1863 to begin his appointment as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Idaho Territory. The massive territory encompassed Idaho, all of Montana, and the western half of Wyoming, with the . . . — Map (db m124263) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Lewis and Clark Trail 1806 First important gold camp 1862 Scene of vigilante activities 1863 First capital Territory of Montana 1864-1865 First county seat of Beaverhead County 1864-1881 In grateful memory of the early pioneers who . . . — Map (db m49535) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack
Montana's first gold rush began near here at Grasshopper Creek in the summer of 1862. Prospectors John White and company camped along the insect infested banks as they looked for a shortcut to the Deer Lodge valley. They panned the gravel - as was . . . — Map (db m124290) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Bannack Historical District
Bannack epitomizes the tough, primitive towns that sprang up with gold discoveries. Its story also illustrates a century of survival, through boom and bust periods associated with resource extraction and technological advances. On July 28, 1862, . . . — Map (db m124262) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Fortunate Camp
This site was the pivotal point in the success of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The party camped here in August 1805. They cached their boats and aided by the influence of Sacajawea obtained horses from her people the Shoshone Indians The Great . . . — Map (db m124304) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Grasshopper Creek
In midsummer, 1862, John White and party discovered gold on this creek several miles down stream. The first major gold rush to what is now Montana resulted. — Map (db m124264) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Nez Perce Camp
The Nez Perce camped near here on Horse Prairie Creek, Aug. 12 1877 following the Battle of the Big Hole Aug. 9-10. General Howard was summoned when beating drums arroused [sic] the citizens of Bannack. Women and children were quartered in the Meade . . . — Map (db m49537) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Old Trail to the Gold Diggin's
Interstate 15 is the latest in a series of roads that have traversed this area since prehistory. Although used for generations by Native Americans, the first recorded use of this route was by the Lewis and Clark Expedition on August 10, 1805. They . . . — Map (db m124291) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — Sacajawea
In Commemoration of Sacajawea who guided Lewis and Clark through this the land of her childhood and capture On August 17th, 1805 she rejoined her tribe near this site. The services she rendered the expedition were invaluable. . . . — Map (db m124293) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — The First Electric Gold Dredge
Launched May 15, 1895, the remains of the F.L. Graves electric dredge boat now lies in Grasshopper Creek. — Map (db m124265) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Dillon — The Lewis and Clark Expedition
In 1804-06, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led about 40 soldiers and boatmen on an epic journey. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned this “Corps of Discovery” to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly . . . — Map (db m124305) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Grant — "Most Distant Fountain" of the Mighty Missouri
"the road took us to the most distant fountain of the waters of the mighty Missouri in surch (sic) of which we have spent so many toilsome days and wristless (sic) nights." - Meriwether Lewis, August 12, 1805 What's in a name? . . . — Map (db m109502) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Grant — The Beginning of the "Endless Missouri"
"two miles below McNeal had exultingly stood with a foot of each side of this little rivulet and thanked his god that he had lived to bestride the mighty & heretofore deemed endless Missouri." - Meriwether Lewis, August 12, 1805 Hugh . . . — Map (db m109500) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "Hot Spring Valley"Land of 10,000 Haystacks
In 1806, Captain William Clark and his crew traveled through here on horseback moving quickly on their return trip to St. Louis. Arriving at present day Jackson Hot Springs in the afternoon of July 7th, they stopped to experiment with cooking in the . . . — Map (db m124223) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "I now take my leave..."Clark Heads Toward the Yellowstone
On their return journey, the Corps of Discovery divided into two groups at Traveler's Rest, near present day Lolo, Montana. Captain William Clark and his party traveled through today's Big Hole Valley on their way to Camp Fortunate to recover their . . . — Map (db m124260) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — "The Carroll Ranch"Stopping point for travelers & cattle drives
For generations the Hamilton Ranch was widely-known as the Carroll Ranch - and it served as a vital link between the Big Hole and Beaverhead valleys. Its location at the base of this mountain pass made the ranch a perfect stopping point for . . . — Map (db m124225) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — A Soul-Searching BirthdayQuestions about meaning, fulfillment & purpose
Meriwether Lewis is hardly the only person ever to have found himself evaluating the meaning and purpose of his own life. But the words he wrote on the evening of August 18, 1805 - when camped about 35 miles southeast of where you stand now - have . . . — Map (db m124227) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Naturally Sustained ProductivityPast, Present & Future
Ranching, anchored in the natural productivity of rangelands, is one of the main reasons so much or the landscape surrounding you still looks as it did centuries ago. The climate here is too harsh for farming, but native rangeland vegetation is . . . — Map (db m124228) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Undaunted StewardshipServing History and Enhancing the Environment & Economy
Undaunted Stewardship® is a statewide partnership involving 19 agricultural and conservation groups in Montana, managed and directed by Montana State University, the Montana Stockgrowers Association and the federal Bureau of Land Management. The . . . — Map (db m124243) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Jackson — Welcome to Hamilton RanchHistoric Landscapes Endure
On a clear day, the sweeping views from here take in more than 400 square miles. Most of these lands look much as they have for centuries. Human travel routes haven't changed much either. Highway 278 mirrors very closely that Captain Clark and his . . . — Map (db m124222) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — Howdy Everyone! Glad to See You
The Department of Transportation launched an ambitious program in 1936 to promote the state's scenic, recreational, and historical treasures. The brainchild of department engineer Bob Fletcher, the program included roadside historical markers, . . . — Map (db m124334) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — The Montana Road
This area once echoed with the sound of creaking wagon wheels, cracking whips, and profanity so intense the mountains vibrated with sulfur! The old wagon road between Montana and Utah passed very close to this rest area. It first saw use in the . . . — Map (db m124336) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Lima — The Tendoy Mountains
About four million years ago, this part of the North American Plate slid over a gigantic source of heat in the mantle known as the Yellowstone hot spot. In Yellowstone National Park, this heat is responsible for the geysers, mud pots, and hot . . . — Map (db m124335) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Polaris — The Way It Used To Be... Way Back
(Two panels are on this interpretive stand:) July 8, 1806 The Way It Used To Be... Way Back Just over two hundred years ago... We proceeded down Willards Creek on the S.W. Side about 11 miles...The Country . . . — Map (db m124268) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — A Perfect Place to Rest
Pursued by the U.S. Army since June 1877, approximately 800 Nez Perce (nimi•pu•) men, women, and children traveled over the Bitterroot Mountains and camped here in the Big Hole Valley. Thinking there was no immediate pursuit by the Army, this . . . — Map (db m123743) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — A Story of Fires... to be continued
"on each side of those glades the timber is small and great proportions of it killed by the fires" - William Clark, July 8 1806 Two hundred years ago William Clark saw a forest of young trees, many killed by fire. Very open stands of . . . — Map (db m123740) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Battlefield Landscape
From this vantage point you can visualize the general progress of the Battle of the Big Hole, but at a distance from the fear and chaos of its hand-to-hand combat. The landscape has changed little since the morning of August 9, 1877. This lush river . . . — Map (db m123741) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Big Hole National Battlefield Monument
(Inscriptions are found on three sides of this monument.) On This Field 17 officers and 133 enlisted men of the 7th U.S. Infantry under its Colonel Bvt. Major General John Gibbon with 8 other soldiers and 36 citizens . . . — Map (db m123812) WM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Big Hole ValleyLand of 10,000 Haystacks
Across the valley is the Continental Divide and the beautiful Bitterroot Mountains. The famous Big Hole River winds through the valley that is noted for abundant hay, fine cattle and horses, great hunting and fishing, beautiful scenery and friendly . . . — Map (db m124221) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Brave Warriors
To the everlasting Memory of the Brave Warriors of Chief Joseph's Band who fought on these grounds in the Nez Perce War of 1877 In Memory of the Indians, Infants, Children, Women and Old Men who . . . — Map (db m123755) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Natural Travel CorridorOn the Eve of Tragedy — Trail Creek
(Three panels make up this informational marker:) Natural Travel Corridor Clark's 1806 Route Captain Clark and his party found great quantities of camas just beginning to bloom when they passed here on Sunday July 6, 1806. . . . — Map (db m123738) HM
Montana (Beaverhead County), Wisdom — Siege Site
In front of you on the morning of August 9, 1877, you would have seen soldiers and Montana volunteers pass by as they began to deploy for the coming attack on the Nez Perce encampment just through the trees. Following the army's surprise attack, . . . — Map (db m123745) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — 1984 Archeological SurveyLittle Bighorn Battlefield
On August 10, 1983 a prairie fire swept over the battlefield, burning nearly 600 acres of dense, thick vegetation. In May and June of 1984 the National Park Service began an unprecedented systematic archeological survey of the Custer Battlefield. . . . — Map (db m86810) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Bear Paw Memorial
In memory of enlisted men 2nd and 7th U. S. Cavalry and 5th U. S, Infantry killed in action near Bear Paw, Montana September 30, 1877 < Left Side of Monument : > 7th U. S. Cavalry Troop A 1st Serg’t Geo. McDermott Serg’t Otto Derglew . . . — Map (db m86873) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Bear Paw Monument1881
This monument was originally erected at Ft. Keogh in 1881 to honor U.S. Army casualties from the 1877 Nez Perce War. PLEASE NOTE: “Hostile Indians” is in historical context with a term used for Native American enemies of the United . . . — Map (db m86865) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Calhoun Hill(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
This position was held by Co. L commanded by Lt. James Calhoun. It may have been used to hold off Chief Gall and his Sioux warriors and thus protect Custer's advance. From here these soldiers could have attracted Capt. Benteen's column and the pack . . . — Map (db m21643) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Calhoun HillLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After separate skirmishing, Custer’s command reunites here. Company L, under Lt. James Calhoun, skirmishes with Gall, Crow King, Two Moons, and other warriors. From here these soldiers could have attracted Capt. Benteen’s column and the pack . . . — Map (db m86838) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Cheyenne Warrior MarkersLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After the battle, Sioux and Cheyenne removed their dead and buried them in tipis, scaffolds, and adjacent hillsides in the Little Bighorn valley. Southern Cheyenne Chief “Ve’ho’enohnenehe” (Lame White Man) and Northern Cheyenne . . . — Map (db m86860) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Chief Plenty CoupsLast Chief of the Crows — 1848 - 1932
      Plagued with the loss of the great buffalo herds, the confinement to reservations, disease, famine, and poverty, Chief Plenty Coups led the Crow people through a painful transition.       Gifted with vision, the power of impressive speech, . . . — Map (db m85999) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Companies C & E(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
The white markers on the knolls and in the ravines to the west and southwest show were the troopers of Co, C under Capt. Tom Custer and Co. E under Lt. Smith were found. The Indian encampment lay beyond on the flat across the river. — Map (db m21645) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Companies F and I(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Companies F and I were found on the northeast slope of this ridge. Capt. Keogh was to the right with Co. I. — Map (db m21644) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Crow's NestJune 25, 1876 — Morning
From this promontory 13 miles away in the Wolf Mountains, Custer's scouts observe the Lakota, and Cheyenne pony herd and evidence of a large village in the valley behind you. Convinced the Indians had spotted his regiment and would soon scatter, . . . — Map (db m45580) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Custer Last Seen(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Gen. Custer and Lt. Cooke were last seen on this point by Maj. Reno's troops who were fighting in the valley. — Map (db m21638) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Custer’s AdvanceLittle Bighorn Battlefield
From the Crow’s Nest, a vantage point 14 miles away in the Wolf Mountains, Custer’s Crow and Arikara scouts saw evidence of the massive Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho encampment. Convinced that he was discovered, Custer abandoned plans for a . . . — Map (db m86817) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep CouleeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After the brief encounter near the river, Custer’s two companies retreat up the ravine to your right known as Deep Coulee. The remainder of Custer’s command skirmishes with warriors on the high ridge ½ mile to your right. Seizing the . . . — Map (db m86831) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep RavineLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Deep Ravine (Crazy Horse Gully & Grey Horse Ravine) was the scene of fierce fighting during the battle. Crazy Horse, and other Sioux and Cheyenne warriors crossed the Little Bighorn River (in front of you) and rode up the ravine during the attack . . . — Map (db m86800) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Deep RavineLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Custer’s command deploys in the current national cemetery area and advances into the basin across the road to your left before withdrawing to Last Stand Hill. Toward the conclusion of the battle, soldiers from Company E moved toward the Deep . . . — Map (db m86839) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Greasy Grass RidgeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Warriors ascend the large ravine behind you pursuing Custer’s troops. Soldiers retreat through the area to your front and right. Indians position themselves along the ridge to your left knows as Greasy Grass Ridge. Archeologists discovered numerous . . . — Map (db m86834) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Here We Remember the FallenCuster National Cemetery at Little Bighorn Battlefield NM
Custer National Cemetery, like Arlington National Cemetery, provides a final resting place for many generations of those who faithfully served in the United States armed forces. Here, Americans of many races and beliefs rest side by side. Relive . . . — Map (db m86846) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Indian EncampmentLittle Bighorn Battlefield
On June 25, 1876, approximately 7,000 Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho, including 1,500 – 2,000 warriors, encamped below on the Greasy Grass River (Little Bighorn). Under the political and spiritual leadership of Tatanka-Iyotanka (Sitting Bull), . . . — Map (db m86814) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Indian MemorialLittle Bighorn Battlefield
An Indian memorial to honor Native American participation in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876, and change the name of Custer Battlefield National Monument to Little Bighorn National Monument, was authorized by Congress in 1991 and . . . — Map (db m86804) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Keogh – Crazy Horse FightLittle Bighorn Battlefield
The Indian charge shatters the Calhoun defense and crashes through the soldier position at right, held by Capt. Myles Keogh’s Company I, Crazy Horse and White Bull cut down the retreating soldiers who flee northwest along this ridge in an effort to . . . — Map (db m86811) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Lame White Man ChargeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
This knoll was contested by Indians and soldiers. Some evidence indicates soldiers of Company C occupied this position since bodies of Sergeants Finckle and Finley were found here. Indian testimony suggests that Southern Cheyenne war leader Lame . . . — Map (db m86836) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Last Stand Hill, June 25, 1876Little Bighorn Battlefield
Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors surrounded this position near the climax of the battle. Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and approximately 41 men, shoot their horses for breastworks and fight to the death. Custer and several soldiers were . . . — Map (db m86801) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Battlefield
This area was occupied by troops A, B, D, G, H, K, and M, 7th. U.S. Cavalry, and the pack train when they were besieged by the Sioux Indians June 25th and 26th 1876. — Map (db m21636) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
(Bottom of Marker): In memory of Officers and soldiers who fell near this place fighting with the 7th United States Cavalry against the Sioux Indians on the 25th and 26th of June, A.D. 1876 (The rest of the marker includes . . . — Map (db m7022) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Little Bighorn Indian Memorial
Arikara “I shall not see you (sun) go down behind the mountains tonight . . .I am going home today, not the way we came, but in spirit, home to my people.”- Bloody Knife, Arikara (June 25, 1876) “These Old Scouts, . . . — Map (db m87723) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Lone TipiJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 2:00 p.m.
Advancing down Reno Creek, Custer pauses at a tipi located behind this ridge. The tipi contains the remains of a Sans Arc warrior killed a week before at the Battle of the Rosebud. Indians flee toward the village, prompting Custer to order Reno's . . . — Map (db m45581) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail CouleeLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After leaving Cedar Coulee, Custer descends toward the Little Bighorn River in the ravine ahead known as Medicine Tail Coulee. Custer probably again divides his command: three companies likely ascend to the higher ridges beyond. Two companies . . . — Map (db m86824) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail Coulee Ford(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
Chief Gall and his Sioux warriors forded the river here to attack Custer's troops on the high ground to the northeast. — Map (db m21642) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Medicine Tail FordLittle Bighorn Battlefield
As soldiers descend Medicine Tail Coulee, the Minniconjou and Cheyenne camps were on the western bank. Archeological evidence supports Indian testimony, that initial fighting took place on the flats near the river to your left and cutbank directly . . . — Map (db m86827) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Memorial MarkersLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Following the battle, the Lakota and Cheyenne removed their dead and buried them in lodges, scaffolds, and the hillsides. Surviving members of the 7th Cavalry hastily buried the soldiers, Indian Scouts, and civilians on June 28, 1876. In 1877, . . . — Map (db m86844) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — National Cemetery
This National Cemetery, established in 1886, is for interment of those who served honorably in the Armed Forces of the United States. their immediate families also have burial privileges.

Many from indian battles of the northwest are buried here. . . . — Map (db m45551) HM

Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Peace Through UnityLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Indian descendants of participants in the Battle of the Little Bighorn helped form the vision of the Indian Memorial. The “Peace Through Unity” theme was conceived by the late Enos Poor Bear, Sr. and Austin Two Moons. Together, they . . . — Map (db m86806) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno’s RetreatLittle Bighorn Battlefield
Under mounting pressure, Reno abandons the timber. His retreat disintegrates into a rout as pursuing warriors ride in amongst the troopers killing more than 30 soldiers. Indian casualties are few. Lakota and Cheyennes drive the cavalry across the . . . — Map (db m86821) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno’s Valley FightLittle Bighorn Battlefield
After fording the Little Bighorn River one mile to your left, Reno’s battalion gallops down the valley below. Convinced he is vastly outnumbered, Reno dismounts, and forms a skirmish line across the valley floor, firing into the lodges. Warriors . . . — Map (db m86819) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Reno's Skirmish Line - Warrior CounterattackJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 3:00 p.m.
Reno's battalion of 175 soldiers, civilian personnel, and Arikara and Crow Scouts halt in the valley and form a thin skirmish line. Warriors race out from the village to oppose him. After 10 minutes of fighting Lakota and Cheyenne warriors outflank . . . — Map (db m45583) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Retreat CrossingJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 4:00 p.m.
During Reno's retreat from the timber, Crazy Horse, Wooden Leg, Black Elk, and perhaps as many as 600 warriors chase the soldiers across the Little Bighorn River. Reno's casualties are 40 men killed and 13 wounded. The remnants of Reno's command . . . — Map (db m45584) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Seventh Cavalry Horse Cemetery
After the battle, 39 cavalry horses that had been shot for breastworks during Custer’s Last Stand, were found among the dead on Last Stand Hill. In 1879, a temporary cordwood monument was erected by the Army on the crest of the hill. The area, . . . — Map (db m45604) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Sharpshooter Ridge
June 25-26, 1876 - From the ridge to your right, Custer first views the village. Needing more information about the extent of the encampment, he moves further north. After witnessing the beginning of Reno's charge, Custer's five companies descend . . . — Map (db m45587) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — The Reno-Benteen DefenseJune 25-26, 1876
After an unsuccessful attack on the Indian camp in the valley, Major Reno and his battalion retreated to this vicinity where they were soon reinforced by Captain Benteen's battalion and the pack train. In an attempt to find and rejoin Custer they . . . — Map (db m45554) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Timber FightJune 25, 1876 — Approximately 3:15 - 3:55 p.m.
Reno occupies a defensive position in the timber. Determined to defend their village, warriors soon penetrate the woods, convincing Reno that the position is untenable. After fighting for 30 minutes, Reno retreats across the Little Bighorn River. — Map (db m45585) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Weir PointLittle Bighorn Battlefield
In an attempt to locate Custer, Company D under Captain Thomas Weir advances to this hilltop position without orders late on June 25. Weir may have witnessed the conclusion of the battle three miles ahead. He is later joined by Captain Benteen and . . . — Map (db m86823) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Weir Point Fight(Little Bighorn Battlefield)
This is the farthest point reached by Capt. Weir in his attempt to assist Custer. Minutes after arriving, his company was joined by Capt. Benteen's company and others. They remained about 45 minutes until mounting warrior pressure forced them back . . . — Map (db m21640) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Crow Agency — Wooden Leg HillJune 25, 1876
The hill in front of you was occupied by Lakota, and Cheyenne during the fight on Last Stand Hill. An unknown Sioux warrior wearing a warbonnet was killed here while firing his rifle at soldiers positioned behind a horse barricade on the crest of . . . — Map (db m45593) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Garryowen
         Garryowen, the old Irish tune, was the regimental marching song of the 7th U.S. Cavalry, General Custer's command.          The Battle of the Little Big Horn commenced in the valley just east of here June 25, 1876, after Custer had . . . — Map (db m67897) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Garryowen, Montana - Sitting Bull’s Camp
Where the Battle of Little Big Horn Began June 25, 1876 (map of battlefield) (showing Custer’s column, Reno’s column, Indian camp, Last Stand Hill) Custer Battlefield Museum — Map (db m98277) HM WM
Montana (Big Horn County), Garryowen — Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
On this site in 1876 the historic Battle of the Little Big Horn began. “When we stand side by side in the circle of no beginning and no ending, the first maker, creator of all things, is in the center. He hears the words of supplication and . . . — Map (db m86022) HM
Montana (Big Horn County), Huntley — Buffalo CountryThe Eastern Plains of Montana
The great plains of eastern Montana was home to thousands of buffalo before Euro-American hunters nearly wiped them out in the early 1800’s. The animals were central to the Indian lifeway. In the dog days, hunters herded buffalo into corrals . . . — Map (db m99063) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Bridger — Jim Bridger, Mountain Man
Jim Bridger arrived in Montana in 1822 as a member of a Rocky Mountain Fur Co. brigade. For years he had no more permanent home than a poker chip. He roamed the entire Rocky Mountain region and often came through this part of the country. A keen . . . — Map (db m96630) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — 105 North Broadway
Local physician Dr. Samuel Souders owned this commercial lot in 1909 when Dan Davis, an advocate for the construction of a fancy opera house, proposed it for the construction of his vision. The newspapers reported weekly for several months on Davis’ . . . — Map (db m45384) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Alcazar (Star) Theater
A combination moving picture theater and boarding house were the original tenants of this two-story masonry building, completed in 1908. Several directors managed the rather short-lived Alcazar, including Steve Roman, whose family long monopolized . . . — Map (db m45387) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — B.P.O.E. Lodge #534
Americans organized much of their social life around fraternal groups at the turn of the twentieth century. The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks provided an important social and charitable outlet for Red Lodge's professionals, who circulated . . . — Map (db m45395) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Carbon County Courthouse
Butte architect P. J. Donahue drew the plans for the 1899 landmark after fire destroyed its predecessor. Situated at the busy northern end of the commercial district, the building today provides an excellent example of restrained, classically . . . — Map (db m45402) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Carbon County Hospital And Sanitarium
When prominent local physician and surgeon Dr. Samuel Souders built this magnificent hospital in 1909, it was considered “state-of-the-art.” Amenities included a central heating system, wide doorways and hallways, an elevator, and . . . — Map (db m45404) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Charles Antilla Building
This two-story building was under construction in 1907, and for a short time housed part-owner Charles Antilla’s dry goods store. In 1912, new owners Ed Ricketts and C. V. Lucas located their Okay Meat Market, later the Red Lodge Meat Market, on the . . . — Map (db m45388) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Foiled Bank Robbery Site
On Sept. 18, 1897, The Sundance Kid (Harry Longbaugh), Kid Curry and others of the "Wild Bunch" rode into Red Lodge after escaping from jail in Belle Fourche, S.D., and announced their intention of making an unauthorized withdrawal from the Carbon . . . — Map (db m80188) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Hawkes & Son Photography Studio
Photographer Mark E. Hawkes and his son Charley built a photography studio at this location where much of Red Lodge’s history was documented in pictures. Charley later struck out for Great Falls, and son Harry joined Mark. Hawkes & Son sold the . . . — Map (db m45405) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — High Country Thoroughfare
Lieutenant General Philip Sheridan and 124 men forged the first documented passage over the Beartooth Mountains in 1881. Once thought impassible, the route was later modified by E. E. Van Dyke - a miner from coal rich Red Lodge, Montana. His route . . . — Map (db m45244) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Iarussi Building
In the 1920s Italian shoemaker Ludovico Iarussi (later changed to Jarussi) owned this property containing his shop and several frame commercial buildings. In 1929 Iarussi razed the older shops and constructed the present building. Financially . . . — Map (db m45409) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Labor Temple
Red Lodge Miner’s Local No. 1771 had grown to more than a thousand members when this labor temple was built in 1909. The United Mine Workers of America organized nationally in 1896 and by 1898, Local No. 1771 had 200 members. The building is a . . . — Map (db m45412) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Neithammer Brothers Meat Market
German-born Victor and Otto Neithammer first established their meat market on North Broadway in 1912, raising their own livestock to supply this and other local family-run stores. Because the Neithammers' employees represented many ethnic groups, . . . — Map (db m45415) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Picket Block
Designed by Red Lodge carpenter and amateur architect Frank A. Sell and built by W. T. Pernham in 1902, this impressive brick commercial building was home to the Red Lodge Picket and, after 1918, the Picket-Journal, the primary news . . . — Map (db m45416) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Plunkett's Hardware
High transom windows that provide interior light for a mezzanine commercial display area are an interesting design feature of this well-constructed commercial building. The simple chain-patterned ornamentation of buff brick across the tall parapet . . . — Map (db m45419) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Pollard Hotel
The Rocky Fork Coal Company constructed this hotel, originally the Spofford, which welcomed its first guests on July 4, 1893. This architectural landmark, built before the commercial district was platted, originally had its main entrance on 11th . . . — Map (db m45390) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Red Lodge
Coal was discovered in the Rock Creek Valley nearly two decades before Red Lodge was established as a mail stop on the Meeteese Trail in 1884. In 1887, the Rocky Fork Coal Company opened the first large-scale mine at Red Lodge sparking the . . . — Map (db m45250) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Red Lodge Commercial District
Rapid growth of the young town of Red Lodge coincided with the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad’s branch line in 1889. The area became Montana’s leading coal mining region. Town lots were platted by the secretary of the Rocky Fork Town and . . . — Map (db m45386) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Beartooth Plateau
The Beartooth Plateau contains some of the oldest exposed rocks on Earth and provides a unique window into the history of our planet. About 55 million years ago, this massive block of metamorphic basement rock pushed its way upward nearly two miles . . . — Map (db m45251) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Iris Theater
Originally intended as a meeting hall with storefront space, tenants Byton Down and Robert Pryde redesigned the building’s ground floor before its completion for use as a theater. When the Iris opened in 1925, residents viewed it as welcome . . . — Map (db m45410) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Red Lodge Country
According to tradition, a band of Crow Indians left the main tribe and moved west into the foothills of the Beartooth Range many years ago. They painted their council tepee with red-clay and this old-time artistry resulted in the name Red Lodge. . . . — Map (db m45247) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — W. A. Talmage Company Hardware
A keen sense of the town’s future prompted businessman William Talmage to move his hardware business away from the busy commercial center a few blocks south to this building in 1894. When other businesses began to move to the newly platted main . . . — Map (db m45420) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Fort Shaw — Fort Shaw
Barring fur trading posts, the first important white settlements in Montana were the mining camps in the western mountains. Everything to the east belonged to the plains Indians and was buffalo range. To protect the miners and settlers from . . . — Map (db m101871) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — A "great" Set of Falls
Hidasta informants described a fall of water on the Missouri River near the mountains, so the Captains expected a short portage. Instead of one waterfall, Lewis happened upon a succession of five, and their hope for a short portage faded. Look . . . — Map (db m80319) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Black Eagle Falls
The uppermost of the Great Falls of the Missouri bears west of this point. The name is a modern one derived from an entry for June 14th, 1805 in the journal of Capt. Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He discovered the falls on that . . . — Map (db m80427) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Cascade County Courthouse
Spirited revelry in the streets of Great Falls greeted news of the creation of Cascade County in 1887. Named county seat, Great Falls grew quickly, with county offices located in various downtown buildings. In 1891 voters approved the . . . — Map (db m101873) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Commissary of the Plains
The plains surrounding Great Falls were crowded with immense herds of deer, elk, antelope and buffalo. Buffalo was a staple diet item for plains Indians and became a favorite meal for the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Lewis and Clark . . . — Map (db m126498) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Formation of the Gorge and Falls
... the rocks seems to be most happily fixed to present a sheet of the whitest beaten froath for 200 yards in length and about 80 feet perpendicular. — Meriwether Lewis, June 13, 1805 The Great Falls of the Missouri . . . — Map (db m82766) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Falls: Obstacle or Opportunity
For Meriwether Lewis in 1805, the falls were an obstacle on the journey to the Pacific. To Paris Gibson (near right) the falls were a source of great opportunity. As Gibson laid out the townsite of Great Falls he envisioned dams to harness the falls . . . — Map (db m126545) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Portage Around the Falls
”…the men has to haul with all their Strength Wate & art, catching grass & knobes and Stones with their hands to give them more force in drawing on the Canoes & Loads, at every halt, those not employed in repairing the Course, are asleep . . . — Map (db m126558) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Smallest River Runs Through It
From here you can witness one of the shortest rivers in the country flowing into the longest river. The Roe River ranks as one of the shortest rivers at only 201 feet in length. The Missouri River is the longest in the country stretching 2,540 . . . — Map (db m82765)
Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Where Does the Water Come From?
Geologists have determined that water seeps into the ground southeast of Great Falls in the Little Belt Mountains, where the Madison Limestone formation is exposed at the land surface. The water then travels through the formation toward Giant . . . — Map (db m82764)
Montana (Cascade County), Monarch — Steamboats, Bull Whackers, and Fish Trains
The discovery of silver in 1879 in Galena Creek southwest of here created a real transportation challenge for the miners of the early 1880's - how to bring in mining supplies and how to haul their precious ore out to distant railroads and markets. . . . — Map (db m108776) HM
Montana (Cascade County), Sun River — Sun River Crossing
When John Mullan built a wagon road across western Montana in 1860, he utilized a ford across the Sun River just a few yards west of here that had been used by the Indians for generations. In 1862, the crossing was the site of a government . . . — Map (db m101870) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Fort Maginnis
Fort Maginnis, the last army post created in Montana, was built about 8 miles north of here in 1880. This country was great buffalo range before that time, but cattlemen were bringing in stock from the western valleys and the Texas longhorns were . . . — Map (db m92697) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Apgar — Choosing a Route
Mastery over nature or blend with the environment...two different philosophies represented by two different routes. After the establishment of Glacier National Park efforts began on constructing a road to provide access to the interior of the . . . — Map (db m108777) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Essex — The Goat Lick
Each summer a need for mineral salts bring mountain goats down from the high country to the natural licks along the Middle Fork of the Flathead River. Most activity occurs in late June and July, when as many as 70 goats have been seen on this lick . . . — Map (db m96507) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Hungry Horse — Bad Rock Canyon
The Flathead River enters the valley through Bad Rock Canyon. Old-timers aver that a Blackfeet war party from the plains surged over the divide years ago seething with ambition to corral a choice assortment of cayuses and maybe a scalp or two . . . — Map (db m102214) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Hungry Horse — Hungry Horse Clearing Ball
This ingenious 4.5 ton, 8-foot diameter ball was used in 1950 for clearing operations on 6,207 acres in the Hungry Horse Reservoir. Two contractors, S.L. (Red) Wixson, and John H. Trisdale, developed it. The ball was dragged at the end of . . . — Map (db m102199) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Hungry Horse — Surrounded by Wilderness
You are at the gateway in the Upper Flathead River which drains Glacier National Park, the Bob Marshall Wilderness Complex (the Bob) and the southeastern corner of British Columbia. 219 miles of the three forks of the Flathead are designated as . . . — Map (db m102213) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Hungry Horse — The Legend of Hungry Horse
Two husky freight horses, Tex and Terry, working in the rugged wilderness of the Flathead River’s South Fork area, wandered away from their sleigh during the severe winter of 1900-1901. After struggling for a month in belly-deep snow, they were . . . — Map (db m102201) HM
Montana (Flathead County), West Glacier — A Glacial Lake
A river of ice over 2,000 feet thick moved down this valley. Lake McDonald is evidence of its passing. When the glacier receded more than ten thousand years ago, it revealed a changed landscape. The ice had quarried away huge amounts of rock. A . . . — Map (db m82767)
Montana (Flathead County), West Glacier — Historic Boats
In 1895 there were no roads along Lake McDonald. Tourists arrived at this dock by wood-fired steamboat after getting off the train at Belton Depot and bumping along in a wagon to Apgar Landing. The steamboat F.I. Whitney was the first . . . — Map (db m45061) HM
Montana (Flathead County), West Glacier — Time MachinesThe Red Bus Rides Again
A Glacier Tradition National parks often seem timeless and are valued for the continuity of experience they offer to generations of visitors. At Glacier National Park, the past and future come together through a fleet of historic buses, . . . — Map (db m45060) HM
Montana (Flathead County), West Glacier — Wilderness ArchitectureHistory of the Lake McDonald Lodge
Like many buildings in the park, Lake McDonald Lodge has a rustic architectural style. The lodge was built during the winter of 1913-14 with locally available materials, creating a rustic exterior of native stone and western cedar that blends with . . . — Map (db m45062) HM
Montana (Flathead County), Whitefish — Whitefish DepotHistorical Walking Tour of Whitefish, Montana
Built by the Great Northern Railway in 1927, the Whitefish Depot is not only a local landmark but is recognized fondly by hundred of thousands of people who have passed through Whitefish by train over the years. The building’s chalet-style . . . — Map (db m49491) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Bozeman Pass
Sacajawea, the Shoshone woman who guided portions of the Lewis and Clark Expedition led Captain Wm. Clark and his party of ten men over an old buffalo road through this pass on July 15, 1806. They were eastward bound and planned to explore the . . . — Map (db m98290) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Bozeman Veterans MemorialMontana Department of Transportation
Honoring all our brothers and sisters who have served, are serving, or will serve in the defense of our Nation — Map (db m98453) WM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — First People in the Gallatin ValleyTo the Headwaters
For centuries distant and diverse tribes visited the Gallatin Valley to hunt. They stampeded buffalo over cliffs during the "dog days" before the acquisition of horses and guns. They hunted animals for food, clothing and shelter. They also mined . . . — Map (db m29075) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Fort EllisTo the Headwaters
Conflicts along the Bozeman Trail between Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and settlers escalated with the establishment of forts along the route in 1866. After Indians killed John Bozeman, in the Yellowstone Valley in 1867, the . . . — Map (db m29079) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Fort Ellis
Established as a military post August 27, 1867 by order of President Andrew Johnson and General U.S. Grant the post was abandoned in December 1886

Captain Wm. Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition encamped here July 14, 1806 with his . . . — Map (db m98279) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Fur TradeTo the Headwaters
An abundance of beaver encouraged Corps of Discovery members John Colter and John Potts to return to the headwaters. In 1808, Blackfeet Indians killed Potts in a confrontation and stripped Colter bare, giving him a chance to run for his life. In one . . . — Map (db m29077) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Lewis and ClarkTo the Headwaters
Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery reached the headwaters of the Missouri River and named the three tributaries in July, 1805. With great difficulty the Corps of Discovery fought rapids and troublesome mosquitoes as they pulled their boats . . . — Map (db m29072) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Pioneer Museum(Old County Jail) — Gallatin County Historical Society
The Pioneer Museum, located next to the Gallatin County Courthouse at 317 West Main, was the former County jail. Along with many museum exhibits showcasing the history of Gallatin County is an Historical Research Library. The photo archives, and one . . . — Map (db m29085) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — The Bozeman Trail
On July 14, 1806 Captain William Clark accompanied by 11 members of the expedition party camped about a mile east of here on the flat at the mouth of Kelly Canyon. The next day, Sacajawea guided the party up the canyon on an old buffalo trail to a . . . — Map (db m98296) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Trail Through TimeTo the Headwaters
First Peoples utilized the valley for over 11,000 years before the arrival of Lewis & Clark, and the others that would follow. Trails brought cattle and homesteaders to an agricultural paradise. The military followed, defending settlers, consuming . . . — Map (db m29084) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Valley of OpportunityTo the Headwaters
Settlers came to the Gallatin Valley on the heels of the first Montana gold strike at Grasshopper Creek near Bannack, Montana, in 1862. As Meriwether Lewis had predicted, farmers found the valley well suited for agriculture. They planted crops and . . . — Map (db m29078) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Colter’s Run
One of Montana’s most amazing historical events occurred near here in 1809. In September of that year, John Colter and John Potts, former Lewis and Clark Expedition members, were trapping beaver on the Jefferson River near the headwaters when a . . . — Map (db m98317) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Colter’s RunThe Second Marker — The Headwaters of the Missouri 1808
The Headwaters Region was the setting for the legend of Colter’s Run 1808 In the fall of 1808 John Colter and John Potts, both former members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, were trapping on the Jefferson River. Angered by previous . . . — Map (db m98438) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Gallatin CityFirst and Second
The original townsite of Gallatin City, north of here on the west side of the combined Madison and Jefferson Rivers, was selected in 1862. In Feb., 1863 sixty cabins were being constructed. The river was forded when it was low and a ferry was . . . — Map (db m127042) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Gallatin City Hotel - 1868
Built by Jarvis Akin, the Hotel was originally a one-room building of hand-hewn logs. It was the center of Gallatin City's social life; travelers sometimes complained of not being able to sleep because of the ruckus. As the town died, the Hotel . . . — Map (db m127043) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Jefferson’s Instructions to Lewis and ClarkJuly 4th, 1803
“The object of your mission is to explore the Missouri river, & such principle stream of it, as, by its course & communication with the waters of the Pacific ocean… may offer the most direct & practicable water communication across . . . — Map (db m99217) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Lewis and Clark reach the HeadwatersJuly 25 & July 27, 1805
You are standing at the headwaters of the great Missouri River. The Jefferson and Madison Rivers converge with the Gallatin joining one mile downstream to become the Missouri River. Here, the famed explorers accomplished a major goal of their . . . — Map (db m73542) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Missouri River Headwaters
Approx.. 2 miles north on the Trident Road (#286) is the confluence of the Jefferson and Madison Rivers. A mile further downstream you can view the Gallatin River merging to form the headwaters of the Missouri River, the longest U.S. river. . . . — Map (db m99206) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Roll of HonorThree Forks Portland Cement Co. — World War II
Lewis Aldrich • Clarence Bauer • Alvin Doag • Claude Burrell William Burkett • Raymond Callagean • Lloyd Coleman • Boyd Collins Eugene Collins • Clifton Edwards • Paul Gates • Robert Hale Grover Hayes • Wesley Helland • Kenneth Hoffman • William . . . — Map (db m126997) WM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — SacajaweaIn Patriotic Memory of
In Patriotic Memory of Sacajawea an Indian woman whose heroic courage steadfast devotion and splendid loyalty in acting as guide across the Rocky Mountand made it possible for the Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804- 1806 to occupy so . . . — Map (db m98495) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Sacajawea“Coming Home”
This statue was erected to commemorate Sacajawea and the Bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1803- 1806. She was a member of the Corps of Discovery and was invaluable as an interpreter in obtaining horses from her Shoshone people, . . . — Map (db m98496) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Second Gallatin City1865-1880's
In front of you is the site of Gallatin City, 1865-1880's. After it became obvious that steamboats could not operate economically from Fort Benton to the Headwaters, the town was relocated from the north side of the river to this location. Sitting . . . — Map (db m126990) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — The Log CabinThis cabin is an excellent example of the pioneer’s construction techniques
Log cabins were introduced to North America by the Swedes and Germans. Because they were easy to build and made use of readily available materials, log cabins became the most common building on the frontier. This cabin has dovetail notches and . . . — Map (db m127044) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — The Naming of a RiverThe Headwaters of the Missouri River
Many nations traveled and lived along these banks, giving their own names to the river. “Missouri” is the official name given by the U.S. Geological Survey. It dates back to French explorer Jacques Marquette’s journal and 1673 map of . . . — Map (db m99215) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — The Three Forks of the Missouri
This region was alive with beaver, otter and game before the white man came. It was disputed hunting territory with the Indian tribes. Sacajawea, the Shoshone squaw who guided portions of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was captured near here when a . . . — Map (db m126978) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Thomas-Frederick Flour MillScattered about this area are the remnants of the…
The Thomas-Frederick Mill was one of two built in the Gallatin Valley during the 1860’s to process locally-grown grains and to guarantee a reliable supply of flour and meal. Flour from here was freighted regularly to the gold camps of Helena, . . . — Map (db m127045) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Trident
In 1908 construction began on Montana’s first cement manufacturing facility. In May 1910, the first cement was shipped to a hardware store in Missoula, Montana. The company-owned village of Trident was built before the plant was completed and at its . . . — Map (db m126996) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Veterans ParkThree Forks
Dedicated to all the men and women of the Headwaters Area, who gave of themselves while serving in our armed forces in times of war and peace — Map (db m98451) WM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Welcome to Parker Homestead State Park
The Montana soil is swallowing hundreds of old homestead buildings like this one. Each takes with it untold stories of men and women whose lives brought them drought and blizzards, loneliness and companionship, fear and simple joys, much like we . . . — Map (db m127000) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — A Leap Just in Time
I've been a pretty tough old bird, but I wouldn’t want to go through that again! Grace Miller August 1959

Survival Tactics

Seventy-something-year-old Grace Miller was a self-professed “tough old bird.” When she found . . . — Map (db m114166) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Earthquake Lake Geologic Area
On August 17, 1959, this area was hit with the most devastating modern geologic disaster in the Rocky Mountains. An earthquake of a magnitude 7.5 on the Richter scale violently shook the earth, triggering a massive landslide, large surface cracks . . . — Map (db m113832) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Geologists' Dream
Geologists Irving J. Witkind and Jack Epstein had uncanny timing on the night of August 17, 1959 the two U.S. Geological Survey scientists were camped on a small knoll above Hebgen Lake when their camp trailers began to bounce “like . . . — Map (db m113724) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Hebgen Lake and Quake Lake
By 1898 a 10-foot wide road was built through the Gallatin Canyon to Taylors Fork and the park line. In 1911 a crude, narrow wagon road went to "Yellowstone" (West Yellowstone), 90 miles from the county seat at Bozeman. In 1926, the road was . . . — Map (db m113833) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — 10 — Oregon Short Line 1903Rail Car
Named for the year it was built, the Oregon Short Line 1903 was constructed for $16,685 as an executive rail car for the Vice President of the Union Pacific. In reference to E.H. Harriman's Presidential rail car, the Arden, which was built in 1900, . . . — Map (db m123346) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — 4 — Oregon Shortline TerminusWest Yellowstone Historic District
In 1905 Union Pacific officials began construction of a branch line in the pine-forested wilderness from Ashton, Idaho, to the western edge of Yellowstone Park. As the final tracks were laid in 1907, Samuel P. Eagle, Alex Stuart, Charles Arnet and . . . — Map (db m123342) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Sleep InterruptedOn The Fringe Of Disaster
August 17, 1959: performer Bobbi Baker was on her way to a gig in Billings, Montana when she stopped at the Hilgard Lodge for the night. Just as she settled into bed, she heard a “huge rush of wind” and the cabin began to shake . . . — Map (db m116142) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Snowed In!
Prior to 1936, the roads leading from West Yellowstone were not plowed during the winter months, isolating the town from the rest of the world. Even the Train Stopped Running The Union Pacific Railroad provided passenger service to West . . . — Map (db m126999) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Something is terribly wrong
Something is Terribly Wrong

Fourteen-year-old Darwin Steffler was in bed in his family’s lakeside lodge about 5.5 miles east of here, when he felt the earthquake strike. After checking on his little brothers, he race through the darkened . . . — Map (db m114157) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Southern Gallatin County
This basin was settled by ranchers and homesteaders. Bannock Indians had encampments here as late as 1913. Near here is the west entrance to Yellowstone Park, the nation’s first National Park(1872). West Yellowstone was founded in 1908 with the . . . — Map (db m100066) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — The Lake that TiltedStories of Narrow Escapes
Imagine what it was like... A lake that tipped...a woman who leaped from her home just in time...a performer who didn't let an earthquake stop her...cabins swallowed by waves that came out of nowhere...a highway that vanished...

Here at . . . — Map (db m114161) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — The Night the Earth CrackedThe Stuff of Fairy Tales
A quiet August night in a popular Forest Service campground just below Hebgen Dam. Nearby Cabin Creek murmurs softly, and the moon filters through the pines. Abruptly, the ground trembles, then jolts...then with a roar a crack appears, . . . — Map (db m116506) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — The Night’s Peace Was Shattered
It began as an idyllic August night. A full moon soared quietly over Yellowstone country. Along Hebgen Lake and the Madison River, campgrounds and vacation cabins were full to capacity, and scores of families were camped by the . . . — Map (db m113576) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — 1 — Union Pacific Identification Pylon
This Property Contributes To The West Yellowstone Oregon Shortline Terminus Historic District Listed In The National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of Interior In Cooperation With The . . . — Map (db m103600) HM
Montana (Garfield County), Mosby — Bearpaw Shale and the Inland Ocean
The black shale rocks seen in this area represent the muddy sediments deposited by the last ocean to exist in Montana. The shale, known by geologists as the Bearpaw Shale contains fossils of sea-going creatures that lived and died some 70 million . . . — Map (db m9697) HM
Montana (Garfield County), Mosby — Fort Musselshell
Fort Musselshell was located on the Missouri River about 35 miles north of here. It was a trading post in the ’60s and ’70s and as such had a brief but colorful career. The only whites in that part of the state were woodchoppers for the Missouri . . . — Map (db m9698) HM
Montana (Garfield County), Mosby — Kerchival City
Competition to supply the mining camps was fierce in Montana in the 1860s. Many opportunists realized that the real money was not in mining for gold, but in “mining the miners” by providing essential goods and services. Fort Benton . . . — Map (db m9700) HM
Montana (Glacier County), Browning — Horns
Relentless glaciers sculpted Mt. Reynold's jagged summit. When several glaciers erode a mountaintop from different sides, a steep mountain peak or horn develops. The result is a glacial horn like the Swiss Matterhorn. There are glacial horns in . . . — Map (db m45059) HM
Montana (Glacier County), East Glacier Park — Time MachinesThe Red Bus Rides Again
A Glacier Tradition National parks often seem timeless and are valued for the continuity of experience they offer to generations of visitors. At Glacier National Park, the past and future come together through a fleet of historic buses, . . . — Map (db m45054) HM
Montana (Glacier County), East Glacier Park — Trains, Trails, and Chalets
Arriving at East Glacier depot, tourist in the 1920s could gaze at the glaciated peaks looming beyond their first night's lodging. The hotel appeared to be their last taste of civilization before riding horseback into the primitive backcountry of . . . — Map (db m45055) HM
Montana (Glacier County), Polebridge — Overnight in the WildernessHistoric Many Glacier Hotel
In the 1920s, large parties of tourist gathered on horseback at Many Glacier Hotel. The hotel was part of a network of chalets built a day's ride apart-a way for guest to cross the park's wild, roadless interior while spending nights in relative . . . — Map (db m45057) HM
Montana (Glacier County), Polebridge — When the Glaciers Melt
Only about 26 glaciers remain from the 150 that were here in 1850. That number is dropping steadily. If the weather is clear, you might be able to see what is left of five glaciers in the Many Glacier Valley. As climate changes, both the visible and . . . — Map (db m45058) HM
Montana (Granite County), Drummond — Madison Limestone and the Garnet Mountains
About 350 million years ago, much of Montana was submerged under a shallow sea. Billions of tiny marine creatures thrived in the water and when they died their bodies settled into the muck on the sea bed. After hundreds of millions of years of . . . — Map (db m71505) HM
Montana (Granite County), Drummond — Rattler Gulch Limestone Cliffs ACEC(Area of Critical Environmental Concern)
The limestone feature (outcrop), located across the road, known as the Madison Limestone Formation, was deposited about 350 million years ago in a shallow sea. It was uplifted about 65 million years ago during the Laramide Orogeny (when the Rocky . . . — Map (db m80318) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — 123 East Broadway
Local rancher Lee Degenhart financed the construction of this building in 1910. Fred Haverty, a contractor from Hal, Montana, who later ran a car dealership here in Philipsburg, was the builder. Design features include the original ornamental leaded . . . — Map (db m45224) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Bi-Metallic Aerial Tramway
The tramway was constructed in 1889 to carry ore from the Blaine Shaft in Granite to the Bi-Metallic Mill in Kirkville, near Philipsburg. The Bi-Metallic aerial tramway was 9750 feet long with a vertical drop of 1225 feet, and was the longest aerial . . . — Map (db m49547) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — C.T. Huffman Grocery
Built circa 1887, Lutey's Grocery and the Barrett and Jacky Harness Shop originally shared occupancy of this one-story commercial building. By the 1890s, Valentine Jacky shared this building with C. T. Huffman who supplied groceries to Philpsburg . . . — Map (db m45226) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Courtney Hotel
Brothers Morris and Humphery Courtney built this multi-purpose building in 1918 with the profits from manganese mining acquired during World War I. The building speaks to the coming of the automobile as the basement housed the Granite County Garage . . . — Map (db m49371) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Granite County Courthouse
The first permanent home for Granite County offices was completed in 1913. Prominent Montana architects John Link and Charles Haire designed the building. Its cut stonework is, appropriately, made of Montana granite. Granite County commissioners . . . — Map (db m45229) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Granite County Jail
The Granite County Jail was constructed in 1896, three years after Granite County was carved from two adjacent counties and Philipsburg made the county seat. The town served as a hub to extensive area mining and, later, ranching. The jail was the . . . — Map (db m45228) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Granite Ghost Town
Granite Mtn. Mine located July 6, 1875 and operated by the Granite Mtn. Company. A rich silver bonanza shoot was discovered in Nov. 1882. The mine closed in 1893 and reopened again in 1911 and 1912 and operated for a brief time. — Map (db m49540) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Granite Mountain Mining Company Office
This two-story building, constructed in about 1885, was one of the first structures in Granite, and housed the brick vault that is seen here. The mining office handled the payroll for the men who worked at the Ruby Shaft and the two mills on the . . . — Map (db m49629) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — J.K. Merrill and Sons Dry Goods
The excellent design and spacious interior of this two-story commercial building represents Philipsburg’s prosperity and substantial population during the 1890s. Constructed for J.K. Merrill and Sons between 1892 and 1894, Freyschlag Huffman and . . . — Map (db m49370) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Jones' Run For Life
In July 1878, a band of Nez Perce Indians returning south from Canada after eluding U.S. Cavalry, crossed what is now Granite County. While passing through they attacked a small mining camp located on a tributary of Rock Creek at McKay Gulch. Three . . . — Map (db m45211) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Kaiser House
Michael Kaiser, founder of Philipsburg Water Company, built this grand hotel in 1881. One of Philipsburg's oldest masonry structures, the original hotel boasted a wrap-around porch extending halfway around the building. Second-story French doors, . . . — Map (db m45218) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Masonic Temple
Meetings in Philipsburg of Flint Creek Lodge No. 11 date back to 1867. This structure, built in 1911, provided a permanent home for the community-oriented fraternal organization. Chambers for lodge meetings occupy the entire top floor. The ground . . . — Map (db m45222) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — McDonald Opera House
Prominent businessman Angus A. McDonald constructed this two-story masonry theater in 1891. A metal-covered stage loft rises above the roof as evidence of the structures historic function. Beneath the south end were dressing rooms for the traveling . . . — Map (db m49373) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Mill A and B
The Granite Mountain Mining Company constructed two mills adjoining the mining operation know[n] as the Ruby Shaft. These structures, Mill A and Mill B, housed a total of 70 stamp mills which processed ore. Stamp mills were used to crush the ore so . . . — Map (db m49631) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Miner's Union Hall
Built in 1890 at a cost of $23,000, this three-story building was once the social center of a bustling mining town. The first floor was constructed of native granite. The cast iron front held 6 large windows and small colored glass panes. The upper . . . — Map (db m49628) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Morse Hall
Colonel J.W. Morse built Morse Hall in 1887. This elaborately detailed public lecture hall also served as county courthouse after 1893, an opera house, town hall, library and general community center. Its splendid second story dance floor was the . . . — Map (db m45213) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Philipsburg
Philipsburg's early-day fortunes ebbed and flowed with mining. Today, its historic district is one of Montana's best preserved late-19th-century mining towns, with commercial, public and private buildings dating from the boom period of silver . . . — Map (db m45209) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Philipsburg Historic District
Philipsburg's early-day fortunes ebbed and flowed with mining. Today, its historic district is one of Montana's best preserved late-19th-century mining towns, with commercial, public and private buildings dating from the boom period of silver . . . — Map (db m45210) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Pizer Building
One of a network of Jewish merchants who supplied miners in the Rocky Mountain West, nineteen-year-old Benjamin Pizer arrived in Helena from Poland with his wife Jessie Silverman and their newborn son David in 1869. With limited capital, he . . . — Map (db m45217) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Ruby Shaft
Most of the ore that brought tremendous riches and fame to Granite was brought out of the Ruby Shaft, operated by the Granite Mountain Mining Company. Several tunnels outside the Ruby Shaft were also important in producing the silver (and some gold) . . . — Map (db m49544) HM

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