“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Petersburg Virginia Historical Markers

Markers at Battery 9 image, Touch for more information
By Bill Coughlin, April 23, 2007
Markers at Battery 9
Virginia, Petersburg — “A Splendid Charge”
Here at Petersburg on June 15, 1864, African-American troops recorded their first major success of the war in Virginia. “They made a splendid charge…and won great favor in the eyes of white soldiers by their courage and . . . — Map (db m7075) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — “A Stupendous Failure”
“It is agreed that the thing was a perfect success, except that it did not succeed.” - Major Charles F. Adams, Jr., USA The explosion cleared the Union path to Petersburg. But instead of pushing through, the first waves of Union . . . — Map (db m7061) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — 1864-1865: The Bombardment of Petersburg
A Unique History A local historian once wrote that "during its siege Petersburg endured an ordeal of shelling which was extraordinary in the history of the world." It was estimated that more than 800 buildings were struck during the . . . — Map (db m149588) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — A Fatal Error
A division of African-American troops in Burnside’s Ninth Corps was to have led the attack that followed the explosion of the mine. But just hours before the assault, Union army commander George G. Meade changed the plan. The result: chaos and . . . — Map (db m7052) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — A Final Effort
Desperate to relieve the Union noose strangling Petersburg, on March 25, 1865, General Lee used pre-dawn darkness and stealth to pierce the Union Line here at Fort Steadman. “We were very much elated at first, as we thought we had won a . . . — Map (db m7035) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — A.P. Hill Death Site
Spot where A. P. Hill was killed. — Map (db m63392) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — African-Americans in Petersburg
The Petersburg area has an extraordinarily rich African-American heritage. In 1625, most of the Africans in Virginia were servants at Flowerdew Hundred, nearby in Prince George County. In the 18th century, tens of thousands of newly enslaved . . . — Map (db m57366) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Appomattox River Heritage Trail
Trail Sites 1. Pocahontas: In 1784, four small towns at the convergence of three counties (Pocahontas in Chesterfield, Blandford in Prince George, and Petersburg and Ravenscroft in Dinwiddie) were combined and incorporated as . . . — Map (db m66952) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Architectural Heritage
Petersburg’s architectural heritage has a long and rich history, reflecting centuries of occupation by Native Americans and over 300 years of European settlement. Beginning as a frontier trading post with the Virginia Indians, Fort Henry was . . . — Map (db m57338) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Artillery at Petersburg
"The campaign became quite scientific, so that after the first few weeks, we learned to tell by the sound the nature of every missile that passed over us, and knew which ones to dodge. The mortar shells had the most terror for us. The ordinary . . . — Map (db m14602) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Arts & Recreation
Petersburg is in the midst of a downtown renaissance, fueled by the arts and driven by the creative spirit of the community. Historically a center of culture and trade for the region, Petersburg’s abundant natural resources and rich history are . . . — Map (db m57369) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-9 — Battersea
Battersea was the home of Colonel John Banister, a member of the House of Burgesses, the Revolutionary conventions, and the Continental Congress, as well as a framer of the Articles of Confederation and the first mayor of Petersburg. The elegant but . . . — Map (db m17624) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 31Confederate Defense Line
Part of the original Confederate defense line constructed in 1862 – 1863. On April 2, 1865, the battery located in this position took part in stopping a heavy Union attack at Fort Mahone, one third of a mile east. Severe fighting continued . . . — Map (db m17504) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 45
Salient of Confederate Line Siege of Petersburg ---------- Erected Apr. 2, 1914 By A.P. Hill Camp S.C.V. — Map (db m7994) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 5 of the Dimmock Line
In 1862 – two years before the first Federals appeared at the city’s gates – Confederate Captain Charles Dimmock oversaw the construction of a ten-mile line of defensive works ringing Petersburg. In front of you is Battery 5 one of the . . . — Map (db m6899) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 5 Trail
On the ground before you the first major attacks against Petersburg occurred. This bloodletting marked the beginning of nine months of siege. This 0.6-mile trail will take you through Battery 5 of the Confederate Dimmock Line, captured by the . . . — Map (db m14601) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 8 of the Dimmock Line
On June 15, 1864, after seizing Battery 5, Union troops swept southward along the Dimmock Line. Men of the 1st and 22nd Colored Troops captured Battery 8, overcoming heavy resistance from part of Brig. Gen. Henry A. Wise’s Virginia brigade. By the . . . — Map (db m7029) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-12 — Battle of Petersburg
Here was fought the Battle of Petersburg, April 25, 1781. The Southside Militia, 1000 strong and commanded by Baron Steuben and General Muhlenberg, made a brave resistance to 2500 British Regulars under Phillips and Arnold. — Map (db m6540) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battle of Petersburg
From Blandford Heights to Pocahontas Bridge April 25, 1781 Here was fought the opening engagement of the decisive campaign of the revolution. 1000 American militia under Steuben, Muhlenberg, Dick and House opposed 2500 British under Phillips, . . . — Map (db m6543) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-20 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — Artillery Position —
On 25 Apr. 1781, Maj. Gen. Friedrich von Steuben’s 1,000 Virginia militiamen, driven from the eastern edge of Blandford, established a strong defensive line along the western summit (now Madison Street) above Lieutenant Run valley. Maj. Gen. William . . . — Map (db m14546) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-21 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — British Line of Attack —
On 24 Apr. 1781, Maj. Gen. William Phillips’s force of 2,500 British regulars landed at City Point, 12 miles to the east on the James River, as part of a major campaign to disrupt the American force’s main line of communication through Virginia. The . . . — Map (db m14552) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-24 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — Flanking Movement —
About midday on 25 April 1781, Maj. Gen. William Phillips discovered that the right flank of the American militia, on the edge of Blandford was vulnerable to attack from the south and rear. He ordered Lt. Col. John Simcoe’s Queen’s Rangers and a . . . — Map (db m14558) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-22 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — East Hill —
To the west stood East Hill (Bollingbrook), home of the widow Mary Marshall Tabb Bolling. After the 25 Apr. 1781 Battle of Petersburg, British Maj. Gen. William Phillips and Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold located their headquarters at the house. The . . . — Map (db m17633) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-23 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — First Line Of Defense —
On 25 Apr. 1781, American Brig. Gen. Peter Muhlenberg formed his first line of 500 Virginia militia here to meet the British. The line extended along East Street from the Appomattox River to present-day Washington Street and consisted of two . . . — Map (db m17634) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-25 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — Second Line Of Defense —
On 25 Apr. 1781, American Brig. Gen. Peter Muhlenberg’s Virginia militia fell back west from Blandford, under heavy British fire, to a prepared line of defense here along the crest of this hill. This second line of Virginia militia, consisting of . . . — Map (db m17635) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battle of the Crater - Covered Way
At this place located by participants in the Battle of the Crater, this road, known as the Jerusalem Plank Road, was crossed by a covered way leading eastwardly to the ravine in rear of the Confederate breastworks which run northwardly from . . . — Map (db m17579) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-31 — Bishop Payne Divinity School
The Bishop Payne Divinity School began here in 1878 at the St. Stephen's Episcopal Church Normal and Industrial School. For 71 years it prepared black men for the ministry in the church. Giles B. Cooke (1838-1937) headed the vocational school and . . . — Map (db m74017) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Blandford ChurchIn Harm’s Way
This church, built circa 1737, was in ruins at the time of the Civil War. Nonetheless, located behind Gracie’s, Colquitt’s and Elliott’s Salients in the Confederate defense lines, the structure served as a temporary field hospital during the . . . — Map (db m6516) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-11 — Blandford Church and Cemetery
The brick church on Well’s Hill, now known as Old Blandford Church, was built between 1734 and 1737, the British General Phillips was buried in the churchyard in 1781. In the cemetery is a monument to Captain McRae and the Petersburg Volunteers, who . . . — Map (db m6538) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-8 — Bollingbrook Hotel
After a fire destroyed John Niblo's tavern in 1827, Niblo assembled a group of investors who constructed on this site in 1828 the three-story Bollingbrook Hotel, attributed to Otis Manson. The hotel became known as "one of the best taverns in the . . . — Map (db m17130) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Campbell's BridgeVital Crossing — Lee's Retreat —
When General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia began its retreat from Petersburg and Richmond on the evening of April 2, 1865, part of the army crossed the Appomattox River at Campbell's Bridge here. Other columns crossed the river on three . . . — Map (db m14593) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA 38 — Charles Stewart(ca. 1808-After 1884)
Charles Stewart, horseman, was born into slavery near Petersburg and spent part of his childhood on Pocahontas Island. At or about age 12 he was sold to William R. Johnson, one of the foremost figures in horse racing, the America’s most popular . . . — Map (db m130190) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — City Sights
Petersburg. Appamattuck Indian Fish Traps, Appomattox River near Old Town. Considered to be the largest and most intact fish dams in Virginia, these sturgeon dams are made of loose stones forming a series of v-shaped tunnels by . . . — Map (db m57324) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Col. George W. Gowen Monument
Erected by the surviving Comrades, school children and Citizens of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, and dedicated to The memory of the dead of The 48th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Col. George W. Gowen, Killed in . . . — Map (db m17528) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Colquitt’s Salient
On June 18 1864 the Confederates on this hill repulsed the charge of the First Maine Regiment On March 25 1865 from this salient General John B. Gordon led a body of picked men to surprise and capture Fort Steadman — Map (db m37414) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Colquitt’s Salient Trail
The Colquitt’s Salient loop trail will lead you over ground involved with two of the most dramatic events of the Siege of Petersburg. On the walk to Colquitt’s Salient, you will shadow the advance of the 1st Maine Heavy Artillery during its . . . — Map (db m37410) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Concrete Bunker
This monument stone sits on a 10’ deep concrete bunker that was discovered during construction, together with portions of an abandoned railroad track. The bunker was used to store coal for the furnaces in the large buildings which once stood on the . . . — Map (db m48485) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Battery 6
This battery fell to the Union forces on June 15, 1864. — Map (db m14618) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Counterattack
“I counted 21 Union flags flying from the Crater and these works. The sight gave me no hope of ever getting away alive.” - Capt. James E. Phillips, 12th Virginia Infantry Union disorganization gave the Confederates the time they . . . — Map (db m7062) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Countermine
Suspecting a Union mine, the Confederates dug two listening galleries here. They narrowly missed striking the Union tunnel, which was deeper. The depressions you see were caused by the cave-in of these galleries. — Map (db m37417) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Hospital
This marks the spot in Poplar Lawn where stood the Confederate Hospital 1863 - 1865 — Map (db m149582) HM WM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-26 — Corling's Corner
By the 1820s, Petersburg was developing into a major industrial city. The backbone of the city's workforce was enslaved labor. At this highly visible downtown intersection known as Corling's Corner, local manufacturers, railroad companies, building . . . — Map (db m17640) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — S-43 — Cottage Farm
A little north stood the McIlwaine home, Lee's field headquarters whence on the afternoon of April 2, 1865, the evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg was ordered. Upon issuing the order Lee granted leave to his only staff officer to go to Richmond . . . — Map (db m17555) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Courthouse
This Greek Revival building was constructed between 1838 and 1840 and designed by New York architect Calvin Pollard as the city’s Husting’s Courthouse. The term “hustings” derives from a British form of court system loosely in place in . . . — Map (db m17656) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Crater of Mine
Excavated by The 48th Regt. Penn. Vet. Vol. Inf. Burnside's 9th Corps, July 30, 1864. — Map (db m37416) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Dash into the Crater4:45 a.m. - 6:00 a.m.
On the morning of July 30th, 1864, the Union high command became anxious as to why the mine under the Confederate position, had not been sprung. While General Meade was sending dispatches to General Burnside asking when the mine would detonate, at . . . — Map (db m80572) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Defending Fort Haskell
Daylight on March 25, 1865, brought furious fighting to Fort Haskell. “Our thin line mounted the banquette – the wounded and sick loading the muskets, while those with sound hands stood to the parapets and blazed away.” . . . — Map (db m7032) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Dictator
Sept. 1864: “…the enemy frequently shoot very large shells into Petersburg & do some damage to buildings, but the people are getting used to it, so they don’t mind them….” - A.I.P. Varin 2nd Mississippi Famous but militarily . . . — Map (db m6896) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Digging the Mine
“We could blow that damn fort out of existence if we could run a mine shaft under it.” - A private of the 48th Pennsylvania June 23, 1864 Spurred by the offhand suggestion of a former coal miner, on June 25, 1864, Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m7067) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Dividing Point
Twice during the Siege of Petersburg, Harrison’s Creek became a dividing point between contending armies. June 15, 1864 After being driven out of the Dimmock Line, the outnumbered Confederate defenders of Petersburg formed a new line on . . . — Map (db m7030) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Drilling Ground
Drilling ground of soldiers, War 1812. — Map (db m149583) HM WM
Virginia, Petersburg — 12 — Earliest Known Public High School for African Americans in VirginiaPetersburg, Virginia
Petersburg established a public school system in 1868, two years before the state’s mandate. Colored Elementary School #1 was conducted in the old church building of the African Baptist Church, which stood to your left. The building had been . . . — Map (db m26011) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — S-76 — Early English Exploration
In 1650 Fort Henry, now Petersburg, marked the western and southern extent of English settlement in, and knowledge of, Virginia. On 27 Aug. 1650, Edward Bland, merchant and land speculator, and Abraham Wood, frontier militia commander, left Fort . . . — Map (db m1994) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-13 — East Hill
On the hilltop to the south is the site of East Hill, also known as Bollingbrook. There the British General Phillips, Benedict Arnold and Lord Cornwallis stayed in April and May, 1781. The house was bombarded by Lafayette, May 10, 1781. There . . . — Map (db m14565) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Exchange Building
. . . — Map (db m149604) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Farmers Market
The octagonal building stands on land given to the Town of Petersburg in 1876 by Robert Bolling, an affluent early merchant, in trust always to be used as a market site. Erected in 1878-1879, the present market building is the fourth to have been . . . — Map (db m149589) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fight for the Weldon Railroad
After failing to bludgeon his way into Petersburg in June and July, Grant decided to strangle the city instead. His plan: cut the railroads into Petersburg - cut the Confederate's lifelines. On August 18, Maj. Gen. Gouverneur Warren's Union Fifth . . . — Map (db m78952) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA 40 — First Baptist Church
First Baptist Church, one of the nation's oldest African American congregations, traces its origins to 1756, when worshipers known as New Lights began meeting outside Petersburg. The congregation moved to the city about 1820 and opened a sanctuary . . . — Map (db m149855) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — First Battle of PetersburgKautz’s Effort Stopped Here — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign —
In May 1864, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant launched attacks on Confederate armies across the South. He accompanied Gen. George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac as it fought Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. . . . — Map (db m14569) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — First Maine Heavy Artillery Monument
(front) Maine. First Heavy Artillery in memory of 604 brave members who fell charging here June 18, 1864 Union Maine - Virginia Peace (rear) Members of the First Maine Heavy Artillery who were . . . — Map (db m37412) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-1 — Folly Castle
This house was the town home of Peter Jones, who built it in 1763. It was called "Folly Castle" because it was a large house for a childless man, but Jones later had offspring. Major Erasmus Gill, Revolutionary soldier, also lived here. . . . — Map (db m17613) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-15 — Formation of the Southern Methodist Church
One block west stood the Union Street Methodist Church, completed in 1820. There was held the first general conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, May 1-23, 1846. At this meeting the Southern Methodist Church, which had separated from . . . — Map (db m17626) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort DavisUnion Stronghold
After four days of unsuccessful trying to capture Petersburg by direct assault on June 15-18, 1864, Gen. U.S. Grant’s Union army began siege operations against the city. Grant’s immediate objective was to cut one of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s supply . . . — Map (db m5824) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Davis
On this site in June, 1864 General U.S. Grant gained control of the Jerusalem Plank Road. — Map (db m14658) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort HaysA Silent Witness
The land on which Fort Hays is built was fought over on June 22, 1864, when the Union army first attempted to cut one of Lee’s vital rail supply lines, the Petersburg Railroad (usually called the Weldon Railroad) located about three miles west. . . . — Map (db m3765) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-6 — Fort Henry
Four blocks north is the traditional site of Fort Henry, established under the Act of 1645. In 1646 the fort was leased by Abraham Wood. From it, in 1650, Wood and Edmund Bland set out on an exploring expedition; and, in 1671, Batts and Fallam on . . . — Map (db m17623) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Stedman
It is quite interesting to see a fort going up. The men work in the manner of bees. The mass throw the earth; the engineer soldiers do the ‘rivetting,’ that is, the interior facing the logs. The engineer sergeants run about with tapes and stakes, . . . — Map (db m7031) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Stedman
In the last grand offensive movement of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, Fort Stedman, with adjacent works, was captured at 4:30 A.M., March 25, 1865, by a well selected body of Confederates, under the command of General John B. Gordon. An advance . . . — Map (db m7033) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Wadsworth
Built following the Battle of the Weldon Railroad in August 1864, Fort Wadsworth anchored the extreme left of the Union siege lines for more than a month. It secured the the Union grip on the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad - a major Confederate supply . . . — Map (db m14673) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-7 — General Lee's Headquarters
Three blocks north and a half a block west is the Beasley House where General Robert E. Lee had his second headquarters in 1864 during the siege of Petersburg. He moved thence to Edge Hill to be in closer touch with his right wing. . . . — Map (db m17544) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-2 — Golden Ball Tavern
Here stood a dwelling house, constructed about 1764 by prosperous tobacco merchant, Richard Hanson, who, as a fervent Loyalist, fled Virginia in 1776. During the latter part of the Revolution, the structure became known as the Golden Ball Tavern. . . . — Map (db m17618) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-19 — Grace Episcopal Church
The third home of Grace Church, a brick Gothic Revival-style building, stood on this site from 1859 to 1960. The congregation was founded in 1841 by Dr. Churchhill Jones Gibson, rector until 1892. In 1928 a majority of the members, led by the . . . — Map (db m17632) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Gracie’s Salient
This salient named for Brig.-Genl. Archibald Gracie of Alabama, faced the Federal Forts Stedman and Haskell and was successfully held by the Confederates during the entire siege of Petersburg. — Map (db m37415) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-16 — Graham Road
On June 9, 1864, Kautz's Union cavalry, 1300 men, after overwhelming Archer's militia, one mile south, moved westward on this road to attack the city. Upon the hillside, one mile west, they were repulsed by the battery of Captain Edward Graham, and . . . — Map (db m17627) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-17 — Graham Road
Upon this site, on June 9, 1864, Captain Edward Graham, commanding two guns of the Petersburg Artillery, repulsed the attack of Kautz's cavalry, 1300 men. And by this gallant defense the city was saved. Later the Union forces were driven to retreat . . . — Map (db m17628) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Hagood’s BrigadeA.N.V. — C.S.A. —
Here a brigade composed of the 7th battalion, the 11th, 21st, 25th and 27th regiments South Carolina Volunteers, commanded by Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood, charged Warren’s Federal Army Corps, on the 21st day of August 1864, taking into the fight 749 . . . — Map (db m7954) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Hare House Site
About this house swirled the tide of battle on June 18, 1864, and during “Lee’s Last Grand Offensive,” March 25, 1865. — Map (db m37411) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Infantry Earthworks
“Attacking entrenchments has been tried so often and with such fearful losses that even the stupidest private now knows that it cannot succeed, and the natural consequence follows; the men will not try it. The very sight of a bank of earth . . . — Map (db m7085) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Jordon Family Cemetery
Buried with his parents are Josiah Jordan, his wife, Mary and four of their children - Watson, 10 months, Laura, 3 years, Charles, 4 months, and Lemuel, 24 years. This land was Josiah's farm at the time of the siege. — Map (db m14617) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-36 — Joseph Cotten(1905-1994)
Joseph Cotten, actor, was born in Petersburg. At school he excelled in football and on the stage. He appeared in several Broadway productions during the 1930s and joined Orson Welles’s Mercury Theater company. Cotten made his film debut in 1941 . . . — Map (db m102266) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Joseph Jenkins Roberts
[Southwest face:] Resident of Petersburg 1815-1829 First President of the Republic of Liberia 1848-1855 + 1871-1876 [Northeast face:] Joseph Jenkins Roberts worked on Union Street, about 100 yards northwest of here. . . . — Map (db m16004) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-33 — Joshua L. Chamberlain Promoted “On The Spot”
In this vicinity on 18 June 1864 Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain received a near-fatal wound while leading a Union brigade in a charge against Confederate works defending Petersburg. Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant promoted him to Brig. Gen. of Vols. “on . . . — Map (db m79063) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Ladies Confederate Hospital
Original building of the Ladies Confederate Hospital 1862—1865 — Map (db m48466) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lest We Forget
. . . — Map (db m17642) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lincoln In PetersburgLast Meeting
After Union forces secured Petersburg on April 3, 1865, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant established his headquarters here at the Thomas Wallace House. He sent word to President Abraham Lincoln at City Point that Petersburg had fallen and invited Lincoln to . . . — Map (db m48442) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lincoln In PetersburgPresidential Visit to Centre Hill
At noon on April 7, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln and his party left City Point for Petersburg in a special train on the newly repaired City Point Railroad, arriving in the city half an hour later. His wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and their young son, . . . — Map (db m48656) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lincoln In PetersburgTears at Fort Mahone
On the morning of April 3, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln awoke at City Point to the news that Petersburg had fallen just hours before. He immediately arranged to visit the city and meet with Gen. Ulysses S. Grant that morning. Lincoln and his . . . — Map (db m48662) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA 39 — Lt. Col. Howard Baugh, Tuskegee Airman
Howard Baugh (1920-2008) was born and raised in Petersburg. He graduated from what is now Virginia State University in 1941, joined the U.S. Army Air Corps, and completed pilot training at Tuskegee Army Air Field in 1942. Deployed to Sicily with the . . . — Map (db m130185) HM WM
Virginia, Petersburg — Mahone
To the memory of William Mahone Major General C.S.A. A distinguished Confederate commander, whose valor and strategy at the Battle of the Crater, July 30, 1864 won for himself and his gallant brigade undying fame. A citizen of Petersburg, Virginia, . . . — Map (db m6752) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Mahone’s Brigade
This stone marks the approximately the extreme right of Mahone’s Brigade Virginia Volunteers when it captured the Confederate Breastworks on the 30th of July, 1864. Placed by the Petersburg Chapter U.D.C. November 1910. — Map (db m7034) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Major Peter Jones
Site of Trading Station of Major Peter Jones. About 1675. Owner of Peters Point. Afterwards Petersburg. Frances Bland Randolph Chapter D.A.R. 1909. — Map (db m17641) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Massachusetts
(Front):In memory of the soldiers and sailors from Massachusetts who lost their lives in the armies of the Potomac and James in various battles in Virginia 1861 - 1865 This monument erected by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (Back): . . . — Map (db m14619) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — McKenney House
The McKenney House was originally constructed as a residence for Mayor John Dodson in 1859. It was the residence of Confederate General William Mahone after the Civil War. The property was purchased by William R. McKenney in early 1911. The McKenney . . . — Map (db m17652) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — McKenney House
McKenney House has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Circa 1890 [Additional plaques below:] Historic Building Petersburg Virginia . . . — Map (db m149584) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — 13 — McKenney LibraryPetersburg, Virginia
Petersburg's main public library, the William R. McKenney Library, is housed in a fine dwelling constructed in 1859 by John Dodson, a prominent lawyer and mayor of Petersburg. After the Civil War, the Confederate General and railroad magnate . . . — Map (db m20609) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Monotonous Toil
“The romance of a soldier’s life disappears in a siege. The change of scenery and the lively marches are gone, and the same monotonous unvaried rounds of toil take their place. Sunday and weekday are all alike.” T.M. Blythe 50th . . . — Map (db m7079) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — K 125 — Newmarket Racecourse
Newmarket Racecourse, a one-mile oval built just north of here by 1793, was among the foremost tracks in the nation when horse racing was America's most popular sport. Races were significant social events that attracted competitors and spectators . . . — Map (db m149851) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — North Carolina Confederate Hospital
Site of the Confederate Hospital for soldiers from North Carolina 1861-1865 — Map (db m48468) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — ObstructionsThe Military Encampment — Pamplin Historical Park —
Obstructions, like the reproductions displayed here, played an important role in Civil War field fortifications. These obstacles broke the forward momentum of assaulting troops and maximized and attacker’s exposure to the defenders’ fire. . . . — Map (db m69935) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Old Market Square
Appomattox Point & the Indian Trade In the 1600s, just north of the present day market, the Appomattox River took a sharp turn around a horn of land known as Appomattox Point. The Quaker Indian traders Robert Hix and John Evans set up a . . . — Map (db m57327) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Old Men and Boys of Petersburg
This stone marks the spot where the Old Men and Boys of Petersburg under Gen. R.E. Colston and Col. F.H. Archer 125 strong on June 9th, 1864 distinguished themselves in a fight with 1300 Federal cavalry under Gen. Kautz gaining time for the . . . — Map (db m17521) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Old U.S. Customs House & Post Office
Built of Petersburg granite and constructed between 1856 and 1860, the U.S. Customs House and Post Office was designed by Ammi B. Young, architect of the U.S. Treasury Department building in Washington D.C. The decision to add the third story was . . . — Map (db m17653) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Opportunity Lost
“At that hour, Petersburg was clearly at the mercy of the Federal commander, who had all but captured it.” - Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, CSA Confederate Commander, June 15, 1864 “Deeming that I held important points of the . . . — Map (db m6900) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pamplin Historical Park
Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier “Walk along these fortifications, take the time to learn something about the story of what happened here, use the museum to understand who these men were, and the . . . — Map (db m57351) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pamplin Historical ParkThe Bivouac Monument
Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum Of the Civil War Soldier Base of Sculpture: My Thoughts And Heart Are With You At Home, But My Duty Lies Here With Cause And Comrades Back of . . . — Map (db m86077) WM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-27 — Peabody High School(1870-1970)
Peabody High School, originally the Colored High School, was established in 1870 in the old First Baptist Church located on Harrison Street. The second school was built here on this site facing Filmore Street. The current site of the school is on . . . — Map (db m65662) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pennsylvania Monument3rd Div. 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac
Bermuda Hundred Weldon Raid Hatcher’s Run Petersburg Fort Stedman Fort Mahone — Map (db m17537) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA 34 — People's Memorial Cemetery
Twenty eight members of Petersburg's large community of free African Americans purchased a one-acre tract to serve as a burial ground in 1840. Subsequent acquisitions of adjacent land created a cemetery complex later known as People's Memorial. . . . — Map (db m149854) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Peter Jones Trading Station
Of rubble stone construction, this building appears to have been built sometime between 1650 and 1750. Its type of construction is unique to the Fall Zone where stone can be quarried from the building site’s environs. Between 1785 and 1791 the . . . — Map (db m48483) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Peter Jones Trading Station
The building before you was built as part of a trading station set up during the middle of the 17th century by Peter Jones I and his father-in-law Major General Abraham Wood. The building is known variously as Peter Jones Trading Station, Peter . . . — Map (db m48484) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Peter Jones Trading Station
You are looking into the bowels of this building from near the attic downward to the second, first, and basement levels. You see a massive, rubble-stone structure with stone walls approximately 2’8” thick at the basement level which taper . . . — Map (db m48488) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. In the predawn darkness of April 2, 1865, the Union Sixth Corps successfully breached the . . . — Map (db m6253) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg DefensesBatteries 35-38
You are facing Battery 37 in the 10-mile-long Confederate defensive line constructed between 1862 and 1864 east and south of Petersburg. Named the Dimmock Line for supervising engineer Capt. Charles H. Dimmock, it consisted of trenches linking 55 . . . — Map (db m17508) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Museums
Blandford Church Blandford Church was built in 1735 as the seat of worship for colonists who were members of the Anglican Church. The church building was abandoned in 1806 when membership in its congregation dwindled as a result of the . . . — Map (db m57352) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg National Battlefield
Beginning on June 15, 1864, less than three miles east of where you are standing, 18,000 Union troops attacked the Confederate line of defensive fortifications surrounding the city. When all attempts to take the city by direct assault failed by June . . . — Map (db m57350) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Region
The Petersburg Area. Throughout this are you will find attractions for the entire family, from museum houses and gardens to a zoo, from fine dining to camping, from Civil War Trails and battlefields to white-water kayaking. Charles . . . — Map (db m57322) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Volunteers 1812
This tree is dedicated in honor of the Petersburg Volunteers who left this site on Oct. 21, 1812 to fight the British at Fort Meigs, in the Ohio Territory. — Map (db m48668) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg’s Natural Parks
Lee Park Typical of the uniquely American “wilderness” tradition of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Lee Park was developed with an emphasis on natural scenery and native flora as a symbol of local pride and a . . . — Map (db m57343) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg’s Old Towne
Virginia Indian Trade You are standing in the oldest part of Petersburg, known today as Old Towne. In 1646, Fort Henry was established here, along the colonial frontier, to protect settlers in the region and to capitalize on trade with the . . . — Map (db m57326) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg’s Role In Trade
Immediately to your right is a mural adapted from a drawing by William Waud which appeared in Harper’s Magazine during the Civil War. The mural is an artist’s impression of the Petersburg waterfront on the Appomattox River - probably at City Dock . . . — Map (db m48482) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — PocahontasThe Revolutionary War
Positions in the Battle of Petersburg On 25 April 1781, this part of the community of Pocahontas served as the rear guard staging area for American Major General Frederick von Steuben’s Virginia militia in their defense of Petersburg against . . . — Map (db m26831) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-35 — Pocahontas Island
The town of Pocahontas, established in 1752, became part of Petersburg in 1784. By 1860, more members of the city’s large free African American community lived here than in any other neighborhood. Their work in tobacco factories and on wharves . . . — Map (db m88809) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-5 — Poplar Lawn
Poplar Lawn is now known as Central Park. Here the Petersburg Volunteers camped in October 1812, before leaving for the Canadian border. Here Lafayette was greeted with music and speeches in 1824. The place was bought by the city in 1844. . . . — Map (db m17621) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prelude to the Crater
“The mine is all finished, the powder in, the fuse all ready. I hope that the attack will be successful, for if it is, we shall have Petersburg in our possession.” - Col. Stephen M. Weld, 50th Massachusetts July 28, 1864 The . . . — Map (db m7054) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prince George Court House Road
This trail follows the old road which ran between Petersburg and Prince George Court House. It was used by both armies to move men and supplies. — Map (db m7093) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prince George Court House Road
This old road was used by both Confederate and Union Armies in the fighting around Petersburg. — Map (db m37409) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-37 — Prince Hall Masons in Virginia
In March 1775, a Masonic lodge attached to the British army initiated Prince Hall and 14 other free black men as Freemasons in Massachusetts. Meeting provisionally as African Lodge No. 1, the black Freemasons gained full privileges in 1787 when they . . . — Map (db m103874) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Rock Garden
The disastrous fire of 1980 destroyed the roof and interior wood components of the building which caused the huge stone walls to collapse mostly into the interior. Approximately 4,700 cubic feet of stone waIls were a part of the rubble. A view of . . . — Map (db m48487) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Rohoic Dam
Erected by Genl. R.E. Lee Aug. 1864 — Map (db m65663) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Second Pennsylvania Veteran Heavy Artillery
The Advance Position 2nd Pa. Vet. Heavy Art. July 30, 1864. Went into action July 30, 1864, 780 men - answered roll call. After battle 286 men; Lost killed and wounded 494 men, including 8 officers. — Map (db m37418) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Grant's Fourth OffensiveAugust 18-21, 1864 Battle of Weldon Railroad
Union General Ulysses S. Grant pursued a strategy of two-pronged attacks on Petersburg and the Confederate capital at Richmond. Grant first attacked Lee's positions around Richmond and struck again south of Petersburg. By the end of Grant's fourth . . . — Map (db m78098) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Lee Strikes BackMarch 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman to Battle of Jones Farm
By March 1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee had suffered through nearly nine months of fighting, had repulsed seven Union offensives, and had his men spread along a 37-mile-long front. Knowing that it was only a matter of time before his lines . . . — Map (db m85861) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — South Carolina
On this hill for one month South Carolina troops guarded the entrance to Petersburg and here July 30, 1864, suffered death from a mine exploded by the Federals. Here the surviving Carolinians under the command of Stephen Elliott by their valor . . . — Map (db m6751) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — South Side StationThe Retreat Begins
Begin the 26-stop auto driving tour of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Retreat from Petersburg to Appomattox at this point. The tour covers over 100 miles and takes approximately four to five hours to complete. A map can be obtained at the nearby Visitors . . . — Map (db m3592) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — South Side StationBeginning of the End — Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —
This original South Side Railroad station, the oldest such building in the state, was built around 1854 when the line was completed from Petersburg westward to Lynchburg, a distance of 123 miles. An express train could run this distance in five . . . — Map (db m3593) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — South Side StationBeginning of the End — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign —
This original South Side Railroad Station, the oldest such building in the state, was built around 1854 when the line was completed from Petersburg westward to Lynchburg, a distance of 123 miles. An express train could run this distance in five . . . — Map (db m149603) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-10 — St. Paul's Church
St. Paul's Church was built in 1856. Here Robert E. Lee and his staff worshipped during the siege of Petersburg, 1864-65. Lee attended the wedding of his son, W.H.F. Lee, in this church in 1867. Virginia Conservation & Development . . . — Map (db m17625) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Tavern Park
You are standing within Lot Number One of the Old town of Petersburg, as laid out for Abraham Jones, Jr., in December of 1783. The first owner was William Byrd II of Westover. William Pride purchased the lot in 1745, and, entrepreneur that he was, . . . — Map (db m48486) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — The Battle at the BridgeThe Revolutionary War
25 April 1781 In the late afternoon and evening of 24 April 1781, Virginia militia regiments of Brigadier General Peter Muhlenberg’s Corps of about 1,000 men marched into Petersburg in order to counter an expected attack by the invading . . . — Map (db m26829) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — The Crater
“There was utmost consternation. Some men scampered out of the lines; some, paralyzed with fear, vaguely scratched at the counterscarp as if trying to escape. Smoke and dust filled the air.” - Col. William McMaster, 17th South . . . — Map (db m7058) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-18 — The First Methodist Meeting House
The first Methodist Meeting House in Petersburg was a theatre on West Old Street near the river rented by Gressett Davis. Robert Williams, a follower of John Wesley, came to Petersburg to preach in 1773 at the invitation of Davis and Nathaniel . . . — Map (db m26014) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — The McIlwaine House
The McIlwaine House is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m149590) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — 14 — The Peabody-Williams SchoolPetersburg, Virginia
Disrupted by the convulsions of the First World War, efforts to replace the increasingly inadequate Peabody School on Fillmore Street stretched out from 1913 until 1920, when the new Peabody-Williams School opened on Jones Street. Charles . . . — Map (db m26012) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — The Petersburg Campaign1864-1865 — Petersburg National Battlefield —
In 1864, the Union Army’s plan was to press relentlessly and destroy Lee’s Army. On May 4, Grant crossed the Rapidan and started south. Unable to accomplish his objective at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor, he nevertheless succeeded in . . . — Map (db m100716) WM
Virginia, Petersburg — The Revolutionary War in Petersburg
On April 25, 1871, a British army force of 2,500 soldiers under the command of Genera! William PhilIips attacked Petersburg, hoping to capture the American military supplies here and eventually link up with General Cornwallis’ army coming to . . . — Map (db m57368) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — The Siege of Petersburg
"I would not believe before I came here that man was capable of enduring so much." -Lawrence Bradley, 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery If Petersburg fell, the Confederate capital at Richmond would fall too. Grant knew it; Lee knew it. And for nine . . . — Map (db m14600) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Touring Old Towne
Today, Old Towne Petersburg is alive with reminders of four centuries of American history and thousands of years of Native American habitation. With a growing mix of residential, commercial, and industrial uses, new life is being infused into the . . . — Map (db m57325) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-14 — Two Noted Homes
Half a block south is the home of Major General William Mahone, famed for his gallant conduct at the Battle of the Crater, July 30, 1864. Two blocks south is the Wallace Home, where Abraham Lincoln conferred with General Grant, April 3, 1865, . . . — Map (db m17553) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — U.S. Colored Troops
In memory of the valorous service of Regiments and Companies of the U.S. Colored Troops Army of the James and Army of the Potomac Siege of Petersburg 1864 – 65 — Map (db m7081) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA 28 — Undine Smith Moore(1904-1989)
Undine Smith Moore, educator and composer, was born in Jarratt and raised in Petersburg. Best known for her choral compositions, she was also a pianist and arranger. Her work often drew on African American sources such as spirituals. Moore's . . . — Map (db m149852) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Uprooted by War
“Every tree, stump, and fence has disappeared… What was once verdant is now a wasteland of dust and dirt.” - John Haley, 17th Maine Infantry January 26, 1865 The gentle depression in front of you is the only vestige of the . . . — Map (db m7092) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Ventilation Shaft
“Regular Army wiseacres said it was not feasible – that I could not carry the ventilation that distance without digging a hole to the surface… But I have succeeded.” - Lt. Col. Henry Pleasants, 48th Pennsylvania July 23, . . . — Map (db m7068) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA 29 — Virginia Voters League
The Virginia Voters League, founded in 1941 and headquartered in this neighborhood of Petersburg, was a federation of local organizations that advocated for African American voters. Professor Luther P. Jackson (of what is now Virginia State . . . — Map (db m149853) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Waiting Their TurnPetersburg National Battlefield
By 6:00 am on July 30, 1864 the trenches before you were filled with black Union soldiers waiting to enter the Battle of the Crater. Ahead of them in line were white Union troops struggling to advance because of Confederate fire and the . . . — Map (db m102265) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Wasted Valor
On the plain below you, the 1st Maine Heavy Artillery enacted one of the tragic dramas of the Civil War. “The field became a burning, seething, crashing, hissing hell, in which human courage, flesh and bone were struggling with an . . . — Map (db m37413) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-30 — Weddell-McCabe-Chisholm House
Scottish emigrant James Weddell (1807-1865) built this Greek Revival house about 1845 and lived there until his death. In 1865, Capt. W. Gordon McCabe (1841-1920) bought the house. Over the second half of the 19th century, he published many works on . . . — Map (db m65661) HM

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May. 24, 2020