“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in York County, Pennsylvania

Clickable Map of York County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> York County, PA (377) Adams County, PA (1393) Cumberland County, PA (357) Dauphin County, PA (295) Lancaster County, PA (438) Baltimore County, MD (301) Carroll County, MD (196) Harford County, MD (198)  YorkCounty(377) York County (377)  AdamsCounty(1393) Adams County (1393)  CumberlandCounty(357) Cumberland County (357)  DauphinCounty(295) Dauphin County (295)  LancasterCounty(438) Lancaster County (438)  BaltimoreCountyMaryland(301) Baltimore County (301)  CarrollCounty(196) Carroll County (196)  HarfordCounty(198) Harford County (198)
York is the county seat for York County
Adjacent to York County, Pennsylvania
      Adams County (1393)  
      Cumberland County (357)  
      Dauphin County (295)  
      Lancaster County (438)  
      Baltimore County, Maryland (301)  
      Carroll County, Maryland (196)  
      Harford County, Maryland (198)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Pennsylvania, York County, Airville — The Canal Boats
A great variety of boats traveled the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal. Fast-moving packet boats, which carried passengers and were pulled by horses, sometimes at a trot, always had the right of way when passing through the lock. Slower freight . . . Map (db m171561) HM
2Pennsylvania, York County, Airville — The Canal Community
Small settlements grew up around the canal, many of the inhabitants either working for the canal company or providing goods and services to local boatmen and their passengers. An 1898 survey of the area listed five existing buildings at Lock 15: a . . . Map (db m171281) HM
3Pennsylvania, York County, Airville — The Locks
A lock acts as a step in the canal, allowing boats to be raised or lowered over changes in elevation. 29 lift locks along the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal raised boats a total of 231 feet from Havre de Grace, Maryland, to Wrightsville, . . . Map (db m171282) HM
4Pennsylvania, York County, Airville — The Susquehanna & Tidewater Canal
North America's vast network of rivers provided Native Americans and European settlers alike with their earliest transportation routes. Early in the nineteenth century with overland routes only crudely developed and railroads not yet spanning the . . . Map (db m171559) HM
5Pennsylvania, York County, Delta — Dedicated to the honor and sacrifice
Dedicated to the honor and sacrifice of our men and women who served our country in all wars Let none forget They gave their all and faltered not when came the callMap (db m171229) WM
6Pennsylvania, York County, Delta — The River, the Dams and the Lakes
During the late 1800s, engineers started looking to the lower Susquehanna as a source of electric power. From 1895 to 1931, as demand for electricity increased, four hydroelectric dams were constructed on the river: at York Haven, Safe Harbor, . . . Map (db m173596) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — Dills – Eichelberger Tavern
Dills Tavern ca 1794 The depiction above gives you an idea of the structure a traveler in the late 1790’s encountered as he passed by or stopped at the tavern for food or rest. The road in front was laid put in 1754 and was a thoroughfare . . . Map (db m151893) HM
8Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — Dillsburg Town Marker
Franklintown – 3 Dillsburg Named for first settler Matthew Dill Founded 1800 Town Marker This sign originally used at borough boundary lines to display town’s name Placed here by Dillsburg Lions Club to commemorate . . . Map (db m152566) HM
9Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Southern Cavalry
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's southern cavalry numbering about 6000 men arrived in Dillsburg July 1, 1863 by Dover and Rossville. Local stores and the U.S. Post Office were vandalized before proceeding to Carlisle where orders were received for them to . . . Map (db m169143) HM
10Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — History of Dills Tavern — Reported permanently removed
Dills Tavern is a twelve room structure erected in three phases from 1794 to 1819. The Dill family maintained a tavern in the area beginning in the 1750's. The tavern was one of several business ventures carried on at this site. A large farm, a mill . . . Map (db m27003) HM
11Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — Quay Park
Birthplace of Matthew Stanley Quay U.S. Senator Born 1833-Died 1904 GFWC Dillsburg Woman’s Club Developed 1975 – Dedicated 1976Map (db m151994) HM
12Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — Rev. A.B. Quay House
Rev. A.B. Quay House has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Built 1831Map (db m152086) HM
13Pennsylvania, York County, Dillsburg — War Memorial
In memory of those who fought for freedomMap (db m191035) WM
Paid Advertisement
14Pennsylvania, York County, Dover — Gen. J.E.B. Stuart
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart with three brigades of Confederate cavalry, commanded by Wade Hampton, Fitzhugh Lee and John R. Chamblis (sic), in all 6,000 men, entered Dover on the morning of July 1, 1863, the day after the Battle of Gettysburg opened. Stuart . . . Map (db m150931) HM
15Pennsylvania, York County, Dover — Melchinger House — 1861
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m150605) HM
16Pennsylvania, York County, Dover Township — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 28, 1863, part of General Jubal Early's Confederate Division neared York by this route. Here Early sent Colonel French to York Haven to burn bridges. Ordered to rejoin Lee's army, most of Early's men returned over this road on June 30.Map (db m26523) HM
17Pennsylvania, York County, East Manchester Township — Codorus Furnace
Erected in 1765 by William Bennet. Operated by James Smith, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, during the Revolutionary War. It is the oldest remaining landmark of the iron industry in York County. The old furnace, now restored, is 2.5 . . . Map (db m5862) HM
18Pennsylvania, York County, East Prospect — Veterans Memorial — Honor Roll
Citizens of this community who served their country in World War II 1941-45 [Honor Roll of Veterans not transcribed except for these, marked with star, who died in service] Donald S. Crumbling • Jack A. Jasper [Begin 2nd . . . Map (db m161196) WM
19Pennsylvania, York County, Fairview Township — First Pinchot Road
To "get the farmer out of the mud" was the road from here to Rossville. Gov. Gifford Pinchot broke ground here, July 23, 1931, to inaugurate the rural road improvement program of the Pennsylvania Department of Highways under the Act of June 22, 1931.Map (db m214747) HM
20Pennsylvania, York County, Franklin Township — Clear Spring Mill
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m137475) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — Cold Spring Hotel
In 1841, Phillip Sheffer bought from William Heathcote, the land on both sides of Main Street from Church Street to the Railroad crossing. In 1858, Sheffer sold the property at 45-55 Main Street, then called the tavern lot, to George Moessinger, . . . Map (db m82355) HM
22Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — Creek and Rail — Glen Rock — Heritage Rail Trail County Park —
The Codorus Creek attracted this area's first European settlers, who used its water to power mills. The Creek's flat floodplain was also ideal territory for trains. In 1839, the Baltimore and Susquehanna, forerunner of the Northern Central Railway, . . . Map (db m82358) HM
23Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — From Sawmill to Wherley's
In 1832 Simon Koller built a sawmill at this location which he operated until 1837 by which time he was ready to move. On March 31, 1837 Koller sold his farm to a young Englishman named William Heathcote who built a woolen mill adjacent to the . . . Map (db m137478) HM
24Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — Glen Rock Auditorium
On July 17, 1912, the Glen Rock Musical Association purchased this property from Ben Abel with the intention of building a 500-seat auditorium. By the end of 1913 construction of the "Glen Rock Auditorium" was completed. The Item described it as . . . Map (db m82343) HM
25Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — Item Building / Bixler's
In 1884, Nathaniel Z. Seitz built the 4 Hanover Street section of this building to serve as the new home for Glen Rock's newspaper, the Item, of which he was editor from 1871 to 1886. In 1892, Dr. George P. Yost, editor from 1886 to 1893, . . . Map (db m82341) HM
26Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — J.F. & H.O. Neuhaus
It was in this area in 1891 that Benjamin F. Sheffer and Samuel K. Diehl formed a partnership to sell agriculture implements, buggies, wagons, corn shellers, etc. In 1892 they added a full line of hardware products. In 1898 Sheffer left and the . . . Map (db m137479) HM
27Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — Roland Forrest Seitz — 1867 - 1946 — "Parade Music Prince" —
This plaque is placed here to honor the life and works of Roland F. Seitz who graduated from Dana's Musical Institute in 1898 and returned to Glen Rock to spend his time in the field of music. He was a teacher, organist, band director, publisher . . . Map (db m82340) HM
28Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — The First National Bank
On June 1, 1864, The First National Bank of Glen Rock opened for business on Main Street in the train station. In July 1876, N.Z. Seitz built a building at this location. The Bank moved in on November 30, 1876. The building also contained a . . . Map (db m82356) HM
29Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — The Glen Rock Woolen, Flour, and Feed Mill
Between 1837 and 1839, William Heathcote built this building for use as a woolen mill. In 1851, Heathcote sold his woolen mill to Phillip Sheffer and Charles Olp. Sheffer bought out Olp and in 1852, converted the woolen mill into a grist mill. . . . Map (db m137477) HM
30Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — The Glen Rock Woolen-Flour & Feed Mill — Reported permanently removed
In 1827, William Heathcote built this building for use as a woolen mill. In 1851, the building was sold to Phillip Sheffer and Charles Olp. Sheffer bought out Olp and in 1852, converted the mill into a grist mill. In March 1885, Israel Glatfelter . . . Map (db m71102) HM
31Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — The Original Glen Rock Carol Singers
The English contingent in the village of Glen Rock was increased during the year 1848 by the arrival directly from England of Charles Heathcote, Mark Radcliffe, and George Shaw. As the yuletide season approached, on Christmas Eve 1848, Charles . . . Map (db m82292) HM
32Pennsylvania, York County, Glen Rock — Trains, Grains, and More Trains — Welcome to Glen Rock, Pennsylvania — Settled 1837 - Incorporated 1859 —
The trains allowed Glen Rock to send out what was made, as well as bring in new industries, due to the accessibility. The trains pumped in vitality, encouragement and convenience. The large brick building at the right was built by Emmanuel Sheffer . . . Map (db m82362) HM
33Pennsylvania, York County, Hallam — Hallam Borough and Township Honor Roll
[Honor Roll of Veteran Names] God Guide and Protect ThemMap (db m39325) HM
34Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — 19th Century Industrialization — Reported permanently removed
From the earliest years, Hanover was known for skilled artisans and craftsmen who made shoes, saddles, breeches, gloves, clocks, bricks, flintlock guns and more. With 19th century industrialization, individual craftsmen transitioned to factory . . . Map (db m181381) HM
35Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — 20th Century Manufacturing — Reported permanently removed
Sheppard & Myers Shoe Company (Hanover Shoe Company) expanded rapidly in the early 1900's with seven factories and several hundred company stores throughout eastern U.S., becoming Hanover's largest manufacturer. From the early 1900's, Hanover . . . Map (db m181388) HM
36Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — A Commons of Locomotives & Locomotion — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
Aided and empowered by the opening of railroad tracks and the Hanover depot in 1852, the Hanover Commons reached peak industrial activity from the late 19th century well into the 20th, when the following businesses hummed and ticked: Hanover Train . . . Map (db m197102) HM
37Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Abbottstown Street/Broadway
A Glimpse of Hanover's Past The chaotic fighting at the Center Square quickly spilled over onto several side streets, alleys, and fields. At the first sign of trouble, Major John Hammond led an organized withdrawal of the 5th New York Cavalry . . . Map (db m8658) HM
38Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Abraham Lincoln
One-half block east of here, on Nov. 18, 1863, Abraham Lincoln spoke briefly to townspeople from his special train. The President was traveling to Gettysburg for the dedication of the National Cemetery.Map (db m14880) HM
39Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln, on November 18, 1863 addressed the citizens of Hanover from the rear platform of a Hanover Branch Railroad Coach when the train bearing him to Gettysburg for the dedication of the National Cemetery came down a switch to the station . . . Map (db m173820) HM
40Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Army of the Potomac — July 1, 1863
First Corps marched from Marsh Run, Eleventh Corps from Emmitsburg to Gettysburg. Second Corps from Uniontown via Taneytown to near Gettysburg. Third Corps from Bridgeport via Emmitsburg to the field of Gettysburg. Fifth Corps from Union Mills via . . . Map (db m197219) HM
41Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Army of the Potomac — June 30, 1863
Headquarters Army of the Potomac moved from Middleburg to Taneytown. First Corps marched from Emmitsburg to Marsh Run, third Corps from Taneytown to Bridgeport. Fifth Corps from Liberty via Johnsville Union Bridge and Union to Union Mills. Sixth . . . Map (db m197224) HM
42Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Battle of Hanover
On the morning of June 30, 1863, Confederate Cavalry under General Stuart attacked the rear of Union Cavalry S E of here and, for a while, had possession of the town. The attack repulsed, Stuart withdrew in the evening.Map (db m4995) HM
43Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Battle of Hanover
June 30, 1863 between Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick's 3rd Cavalry Division Army of the Potomac and Major Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Cavalry Division Army of Northern VirginiaMap (db m4997) HM
44Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Battle of Hanover — ”Hanover saved the fate of the nation.” — Gettysburg Campaign —
(preface) After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Maryland into Pennsylvania, marching east to threaten Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Baltimore, . . . Map (db m181230) HM
45Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Battle of Hanover — Confederates Invade Free Soil — Gettysburg Campaign —
(preface) After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Maryland into Pennsylvania, marching east to threaten Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Baltimore, . . . Map (db m181347) HM
46Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Battle of Hanover — Hanover's Healing Touch — Gettysburg Campaign —
(preface) After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Pennsylvania, marching east to threaten Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, . . . Map (db m201593) HM
47Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Birthplace of John Luther Long
Birthplace of John Luther Long A distinguished son of Hanover, Pennsylvania Lawyer, Playwright, Novelist 1855-1927 Author of Madame Butterfly Source of famous Puccini opera and many other stories and plays. The community erects this . . . Map (db m98363) HM
48Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Conrad Moul - The Public Commons — Reported permanently removed
The original Moul Townhouse stood to your right. It was the mirror image of the 215 Broadway townhouse behind you. By 1915, the Moul Family replaced it with the Neoclassical Revival style brick home designed by Dempwolf Architects of York, which you . . . Map (db m22416) HM
49Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Culture and Entertainment — Reported permanently removed
Hanover's rich cultural history has included numerous bands, orchestras, drama organizations, and other musical groups. The Hanover Opera House no longer exists, but presented plays and concerts starting in 1887, eventually becoming a movie house. . . . Map (db m181387) HM
50Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Destruction of Private Property
During the June 1863 invasion of Pennsylvania, Confederate Lieutenant General James Longstreet explained to English observer Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Freemantle that the army planned to live off Northern land - and its citizens. But they would not . . . Map (db m22752) HM
51Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Digges' Choice, 1737 — Reported permanently removed
In 1681, King Charles II of England granted William Penn a colony in America to pay a debt the King owed Penn's father. This land, east of the Susquehanna River, was an area almost as large as England. In 1736, Iroquois Indians signed a treaty that . . . Map (db m181385) HM
52Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Fisher Place — 1846
. . . Map (db m8654) HM
53Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Former United States Post Office — Hanover, Pennsylvania — National Register of Historic Places —
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior circa 1912Map (db m197449) HM
54Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — General George Armstrong Custer
George Armstrong Custer was appointed brigadier general on June 29, 1863, and assigned as commander of the Michigan brigade which he led as the Union cavalry entered Hanover on the morning of June 30, 1863. Pastor Zieber stated, "During the charge . . . Map (db m197218) HM
55Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — 264 — George Nace (Neas) House
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m197296) HM
56Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — George Washington — 1732 - 1932 — Our First President —
Stopped at an inn located on this site when passing through Hanover during his presidency. In commemoration of which event this tablet has been erected and dedicated by the Bicentennial Committee of Hanover Pennsylvania in Honour of his birth.Map (db m5006) HM
57Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Hanover Architecture — Reported permanently removed
Hanover's rich diversity of architectural styles ranges from Federal (1790) to contemporary. Victorian, Italianate, Romanesque, Neo-Classical, Art Deco, and Beaux Art styles dot the downtown. Look for the Richardsonian Romanesque (1900) with . . . Map (db m181386) HM
58Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Hanover in the Revolutionary war — Reported permanently removed
Immediately after the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1776, a company of Hanover, York and Gettysburg area citizens marched to Boston to support their fellow colonists. Another local battalion responded to the British threat to Long Island and New . . . Map (db m181382) HM
59Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Hanover, Pennsylvania — The Black Rose Community — Hanover: The Black Rose Community
Hanover, Pa., is named for Hannover, Germany. For 123 years the monarch of Hannover also ruled England. All members of the royal family of the House of Hanover (English spelling) and their servants wore a Hanover Black Rose insignia to denote their . . . Map (db m173793) HM
60Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Hanover's Underground Railroad Conductors — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
Just north of the Mason-Dixon line, the divide between states where slavery was legal and free states like Pennsylvania, Hanover was a logical stop on the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was the secret network of trails, homes, . . . Map (db m197078) HM
61Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Hanover's Wounded — Physicians Administer Aid
A lull in the fighting after the first charge of the Battle of Hanover prompted several Hanover physicians to begin caring for the wounded on the streets and sidewalks. Among them were Drs. George Hinkle, Henry Eckert, Horace Alleman, Jacob Smith, . . . Map (db m201486) HM
62Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Heroics of the Union Cavalry — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
The heroic achievements of the Union cavalry during the Battles of Hanover and Gettysburg were impressive. At Hanover, on June 30, 1863, Confederate Gen J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry division of 5,000 men outnumbered Union Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick's . . . Map (db m197241) HM
63Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — High Noon in Hanover — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
Cannons Blast for Two Hours After the Confederates' initial surge and taking of the square, on June 30, 1863, the Union's swift, steady onslaught pushed the gray tide back from Broadway to where they came, down Frederick Street . . . Map (db m197085) HM
64Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — History of the Ten Commandments Monolith
May 1958 the Hanover Eagles Aerie #1406 Fraternal Order of Eagles erected the 10 Commandments Monument in Wirt Park, a Hanover Borough Park. April 2004 Hanover Borough Council Petitioned the York County Orphan's Court for the right to sell the . . . Map (db m22656) HM
65Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Hospitality Before Hostility — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
At 8:00 a.m. on June 30, the head of Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry Division halted on Frederick Street outside community leader Jacob Wirt's home, which formerly stood in front of you at the site of the Hanover Theater. Kilpatrick . . . Map (db m197066) HM
66Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — In Memory and in Grateful Recognition of
Those heroic men of Hanover, Pennsylvania and vicinity, who gave their lives for their country in World War II Leon R. Ackerman • Eugene L. Alwood • Milton E. Appler • Edward C. Amspacher • Harper E. Baker • Vernon E. Bauerline • Monroe L. Becker . . . Map (db m5012) WM
67Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Inventions of Hanover — Reported permanently removed
Fitz Water Wheel In the 19th century the I-X-L steel overshoot water wheel was developed and manufactured by Fitz Water Wheel Company of Hanover. The wheel superior efficiency made it widely used into the 20th century. By 1915, it was being . . . Map (db m181380) HM
68Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Killed in Action at Hanover — Reformed Cemetery — Reported permanently removed
Hanover photographer Peter S. Weaver, who operated a studio on Baltimore Street, recorded this view dated February 6, 1864. The man holding the book in the photo is Samuel Weaver, Peter's father. Samuel supervised the operation in which the remains . . . Map (db m201488) HM
69Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Kilpatrick Headquarters
On June 30, 1863, Gen. Kilpatrick, commanding the Third Division of the Union Cavalry, took headquarters in this building after part of his forces had been attacked by Confederate Cavalry SE of town.Map (db m5005) HM
70Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Korean War Memorial
In honor of our living heroes and in memory of these illustrious dead who served in the Korean War 1950 - 1953 Pfc. Harold Beard, Jr. • Cpl. Earl S. Clouser • 2nd Lt. John Frech, Jr. • Cpt. Edwin E. Hartlaub • Sgt/1c. Francis . . . Map (db m130315) WM
71Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Major General George Armstrong Custer
1839 ---- 1876 Killed in Battle of Little Big Horn River, Montana, in Sioux Indian War. Was Brig. Gen. Commander of 1st, 5th, 6th, 7th, Michigan Cavalry Regiments and Pennington's Battery at the Battle of Hanover June 30, 1863. In the . . . Map (db m77183) HM
72Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Market House
Stood on this square from 1815 to 1872. Under the Market, at one end, was the jail. Equipment for fighting fires was kept here. Fairs and other public events were held under its roof.Map (db m4998) HM
73Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Mary Shaw Leader — Pioneer Newspaper Woman — 1835-1913 —
Her first-hand report of Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address bore witness to its greatness. In her account for the Hanover Spectator she garnered Lincoln’s words from his own lips. She helped the world to long remember. Her fellow townsmen pay this . . . Map (db m197510) HM
74Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — McAllister Tavern
Here, along the Monocacy Road, Richard McAllister erected a two-story log building and opened a store and tavern. In 1755, Benjamin Franklin was a guest at the Tavern. Old building was razed in 1950.Map (db m201489) HM
75Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Mother Loses Two Sons to War — Reported missing
Mother Loses Two Sons to War - Within the span of one year, Elizabeth Hoffacker of West Manheim Township received the news of her two sons' deaths in combat during the Civil War. John, 24 years old, was promoted to corporal after being in the army . . . Map (db m188532) HM
76Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Pleasant Hill Hotel Becomes Hospital
"Every desired comfort is furnished in great abundance, and every luxury, with which this country abounds in great profusion, is supplied by sympathetic people, and administered to the suffering wounded by devoted women. A heartier response to . . . Map (db m22722) HM
77Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Profiles in Union Cavalry Courage — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
To some, the nameless, stoic picket on horseback on the Hanover Square symbolizes the dignity and honor of the cavalry, and the vigilance of every day, tough-and-tumble Union soldiers. In order of military rank, some notable Union cavalry leaders . . . Map (db m197243) HM
78Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Richard McAllister — Reported permanently removed
Founder of Hanover In 1745, Richard McAllister purchased 217 acres from John Digges, establishing the original town of Hanover. Hanover is situated at the crossroads of two major colonial highways - the Monocacy Trail from Lancaster, . . . Map (db m181383) HM
79Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Search and Destroy, Hide and Seek — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop — Heart of Hanover Trails —
On June 27, 1863, three days before the Battle of Hanover, Confederate Lt. Col. Elijah White's 35th Virginia Battalion of about 260 men was on a mission: search for and destroy Pennsylvania railroad bridges and telegraph lines. In the 1860s, . . . Map (db m197361) HM
80Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — St. Matthew's Lutheran Church Cemetery — Cemetery of Second Church Building — Erected 1756 —
— Those Buried Here Are: — Aulabaugh, Anna Maria - wife of John Aulabaugh Born April 16, 1782 - Died May 10, 1870 Aulabaugh, Nicholas Born July 24, 1742 - Died Sept. 17, 1864 Aulabaugh, Elizabeth Born Nov. 9, 1776 - Died Aug. 27, . . . Map (db m186514) HM
81Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Stuart's Fruitless Odyssey — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
After disengaging from the Union cavalry in the late afternoon of June 30, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry division, bogged down by 125 fully loaded Union supply wagons and 600 mules saddled with Union materials, left Hanover. Stuart and . . . Map (db m197242) HM
82Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Aftermath & Stench of Death — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
You are looking at the Reformed Cemetery, one of Hanover's oldest graveyards. During the Battle of Hanover on June 30, 1863, at least 39 men were killed — two Union officers, 17 enlisted men, and about 20 Confederate soldiers. The number of . . . Map (db m197244) HM
83Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Battle of Hanover
The engagement fought in Hanover may have had an effect on the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg. As General Robert E. Lee moved north toward Pennsylvania in June 1863, Major General J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry began to ride around the Union Army and . . . Map (db m22694) HM
84Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Center of the Storm — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
Mayhem and Melees In 1863, charming brick and wooden homes, many of them still standing, lined both sides of Frederick Street from Center Square to the Winebrenner Tannery and the Karl Forney Farm. The Karl Forney residence was . . . Map (db m197084) HM
85Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Confederates Take Stock
"After they had passed out Frederick Street the doctor and I picked up three or four dead soldiers, lying in the street between Centre Square and the Reformed Church, and carried them to the side-walks" -Rev. Wm. K. Zeilber, pastor Emmanuel . . . Map (db m10394) HM
86Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Daniel Trone House — Reported permanently removed
Fragments of several Union and Confederate cavalry regiments continued to fight a running battle as they galloped on horseback along Frederick Street. Other Confederate bands had retreated down the intersecting alleys and streets. This action . . . Map (db m5026) HM
87Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Forney Farms — Fighting Focused on Forney Lands
As the initial attack by the 13th Virginia and 2nd North Carolina Cavalry Regiments gained momentum, they charged along Frederick Street and through the Forney fields which were located on the land in front of you. On your left, the retreating Union . . . Map (db m8652) HM
88Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Hanover Spectator Covers the Battle
"Our town on Tuesday for the first time saw and felt all the incidents, scenes and horrors of actual war." The Hanover Spectator, founded by Senary Leader in 1844, was owned by his widow, Maria, at the time of the Civil War. It was published . . . Map (db m8650) HM
89Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Jacob Wirt House — Reported missing
At approximately 8:00 a.m. the head of Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry Division halted on Frederick Street. When Reverend William K. Zieber, pastor of Emmanuel Reformed Church learned about the hungry cavalrymen, he encouraged the crowd of townspeople to . . . Map (db m104722) HM
90Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Square is Now Recaptured — The Scattered Debris of Battle — Reported missing
From Hanover's Center Square, major roads radiate to York, Baltimore, Frederick and Carlisle. For the second time that day the Center Square would become the scene of brutal combat. A few blocks to the north, nearly 400 mounted cavalrymen from . . . Map (db m201491) HM
91Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Turning Point
Elements from the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry Regiment charged past this point in pursuit of disorganized remnants of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment which was retreating toward the railroad tracks. The Union Cavalry appeared to have abandoned . . . Map (db m8647) HM
92Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Union Strikes Back — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
The Square is Liberated On June 30, 1863, as the Confederates surged toward the railroad tracks on Abbottstown Road (present-day Broadway), the Union regrouped for fierce counter-attacks. Union Major John Hammond re-formed the 5th . . . Map (db m197086) HM
93Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Warehime-Myers Mansion — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
The Warehime-Myers Mansion, 305 Baltimore Street was built for Clinton N. Myers and his family between 1911 and 1913. This Neo-Classical structure is a "fraternal twin" to the Sheppard Mansion at 117 Frederick Street. Both C.N. Myers and H.D. . . . Map (db m197245) HM
94Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Winebrenner House
"We had better go down stairs; we are in danger here," Mrs. Henry Winebrenner said to her daughter, Martha, after seeing the flash and hearing the roar from Confederate artillery. - The Evening Herald, January 25, 1904 Confederate . . . Map (db m8653) HM
95Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — The Winebrenner Tannery — The Scene of Repeated Cavalry Charges — Reported missing
By the time the counter attack on the 5th New York Cavalry Regiment had reached this area, the center of Hanover was once again under Union control. The New Yorkers continued along Frederick Street but were soon halted by gunfire from Confederate . . . Map (db m201492) HM
96Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — This Train is Bound for Glory — Lincoln Rallies for the Union
If you had been standing here on Wednesday afternoon, November 18, 1863, you might have heard a rumor that President Abraham Lincoln would be passing through town on a train. At 5 P.M., his train chugged down the main line directly in front of you. . . . Map (db m197246) HM
97Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Titans of Hanover Industry — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
You are facing the Moul family mansion. A block behind it is the Conrad Moul iron foundry and saw and planing mill, first established in 1842, with the brick building before you erected in 1888. The Moul businesses were a mainstay of the Public . . . Map (db m197075) HM
98Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Trailblazing Writers Leader, Long, and Prowell — A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
On these first blocks of Frederick Street lived pioneering newspaper woman Mary Sophia Leader (1835-1913), famous author John Luther Long (1861-1927), and historian George Reeser Prowell (1849-1928), all buried one mile south of here in Mount . . . Map (db m197080) HM
99Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Trinity United Church of Christ
Founded in 1883 to preserve Germanic teaching and Reformed dogma. The present church occupies the first lot sold in Hanover in 1763 to the German Calvinist Church. Present church constructed in 1884, renovated in 1910, 1932, 1954, and 1995.Map (db m14963) HM
100Pennsylvania, York County, Hanover — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the men and women who gave the ultimate sacrifice and to all that have served and are serving.Map (db m120158) WM

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Feb. 7, 2023