Successor to Fort Crawford and Ash Springs, pioneer settlements of 1840s. Hallsville was founded when Texas & Pacific Railway was built. First train arrived Aug. 17, 1869. Western terminus for a time, and site (1870-73) of T.& P. shops, town . . . — — Map (db m191338) HM
Benjamin T. Baker Pvt Co F Randal's 1st Texas Lancers Benjamin R. Bass Pvt Co K 17th Texas Cav Joseph Bechtold Sgt Co A 14th Texas Inf John W. Harris Sgt Co B Waul's Texas Legion Richard J. Findley Pvt Co D 14th Alabama Reg Orren Perry Forrest . . . — — Map (db m191341) WM
Chartered in 1856 in the town of Ash Springs, this lodge was named for James F. Taylor (1812-1889), a leading citizen, state legislator, and mason. After the railroad bypassed Ash Springs in the late 1860s the lodge moved to the new town of . . . — — Map (db m191339) HM
Although settlement in this area between the forks of Big and Little Cypress creeks began in the 1830s, notable growth did not occur until the arrival of a railroad here in 1891. The railroad was a vital part of a venture financed by John H. Inman, . . . — — Map (db m136301) HM
A key port on Caddo Lake for traffic to New Orleans, 1830s - 1860s. Founded by Peter Swanson (1789-1849), a civil engineer and planter. Cotton, pelts and other products went out and settlers' goods came in at this landing.
1850s terminal of . . . — — Map (db m191224) HM
On December 22, 1912, in the family home 2.7 miles south, was born Claudia Alta Taylor.
She was third child (only daughter) of Thomas Jefferson and Minnie Pattillo Taylor.
Her father had a general store in Karnack for many years. Young “Lady . . . — — Map (db m110848) HM
In 1941, as the United States prepared for eventual entry into World War II, the U.S. Army Ordnance Department approached Monsanto Chemical Company of St. Louis about operating a local plant for production of explosives. Initially called Longhorn . . . — — Map (db m110849) HM
Ancestral home of Texas Caddo Indians, this region gained a distinctive character in the 19th century. From 1806 to 1845 it lay in an area disputed by various countries and designated, from 1819, as the “neutral ground.” Settlers living . . . — — Map (db m110850) HM
Native of Alabama, Arkansas lawyer,
Colonel commanding 6th Arkansas
Confederate Infantry Regiment at Battle
of Shiloh in Tennessee, Commended for action at Helena and Fort Hindman in Arkansas, Brigader-General in Confederate Army, Commended . . . — — Map (db m191304) HM
In 1867 the Rev. William Massey organized the "Colored Baptist Church" in his home. Soon the name "Bethesda" was chosen for the Biblical pool where the sick and troubled went for healing. Members of this congregation included prominent business, . . . — — Map (db m218649) HM
Renowned architect Cornelius Granberry Lancaster was born
on March 4, 1863, in the city of Marshall. He studied architecture at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) from 1892-1895, but did not complete his . . . — — Map (db m218703) HM
Secondary education is a familiar institution in Marshall with academies dating back to the 1840s. During a 1911 banquet for donors to the new Southern Methodist University, Dr. William T. Tardy, the pastor of the First Baptist Church, was present. . . . — — Map (db m191311) HM
John Bryce (1784-1864), Baptist missionary and secret agent for U. S. President John Tyler during Texas annexation negotiations, and the Rev. George Washington Baines, great-grandfather of President Lyndon Baines Johnson, founded this church shortly . . . — — Map (db m218650) HM
Begun by Littleton Fowler, 1839. Job M. Baker, first pastor. Organized 1845. Built 1861 on site given by Wm. M. and Mary M. Johnston. Bricks hand-molded, beams hand-hewn. Gallery in north end for slave members. Munitions stored in basement during . . . — — Map (db m218652) HM
Educator, NAACP officer and civil rights activist Fred Lewis (1912-2002), managed Ruth Starr Blake's estate after he returned from WWII. Lewis was influential in restoring voting rights for African American Texans. The first White Citizens Party was . . . — — Map (db m218696) HM
Built by Fidel Bircher, this raised Greek revival style cottage was designed by W. R. D. Ward, who sold Bircher the property in 1853. Edwin James Fry (1845-1927), a native Virginian who came to Texas in 1855, bought the residence in 1872 and . . . — — Map (db m218689) HM
Home Town of Texas Confederate
General Elkanah Greer
Born Tennessee. Fought Mexican War. Came to Texas 1848. Commissioned colonel and raised 3rd Texas Cavalry. Attached to Ross' Texas Brigade. Fought at . . . — — Map (db m110890) HM WM
Italian-born Charles Ginocchio arrived in Marshall in 1871. He owned several properties near the T & P Railroad Depot, including the site of a notorious 1879 shooting that left Maurice Barrymore wounded and fellow actor Ben Porter Dead. In 1893-96 . . . — — Map (db m110872) HM
Italian – American business leader Charles Ginocchio (1844-98) and wife Roxana settled in Marshal in 1871; built this home, 1886.
Architect: C.G. Lancaster, designer of County Courthouse.
In Ginocchio household was a nephew, George J. . . . — — Map (db m110906) HM
Home Town Texas First Confederate
Son of a Georgia governor. Came here in 1842. Member Annexation Convention, 1st and 2nd Texas Legislatures. Participant Mexican War. Secretary of . . . — — Map (db m110895) HM WM
Born in Georgia. Came to Texas in 1842. Served as a member of Annexation Convention. Fought in War with Mexico. Held office as State Representative, Senator, Secretary of State, Lieutenant Governor; Governor in 1861.
Raised and led 14th Texas . . . — — Map (db m191269) HM
Originated 1840 as private burial ground, Van Zandt Family. Resting place, many early Texas leaders and patriots:
Isaac Van Zandt (1813-47), Came to Marshall in 1839. County Named in His Honor.
James Harper Starr (1809-90). Land . . . — — Map (db m191302) HM
Formed from Shelby County
Created January 28, 1839 Organized June 12, 1842
Named in honor of
A pioneer statesman of New Jersey
who came to Texas in 1820
A member of the First Convention of . . . — — Map (db m119552) HM
The original inhabitants of this area were the Caddo Indians. Anglo settlers, mostly from the southern U.S., began arriving in the 1830’s. Many obtained Mexican land grants in 1835, and population increased following Texas Independence in . . . — — Map (db m110883) HM
The picnic area on US 80 in Harrison County is an early roadside park developed by the Texas Highway Department -- now Texas Department of Transportation. Constructed in the early 1940's, this park features stone masonry picnic features and entry . . . — — Map (db m120293) HM
Home Town of Texas Confederate
James Harper Starr
1809 - 1890
Connecticut-born. Came to Texas 1837. A doctor in Nacogdoches. Secretary of the Treasury and Army Surgeon, Republic of Texas. At start of Civil War . . . — — Map (db m124003) HM
After the Civil War many African Americans in Texas struggled to gather the resources necessary to establish churches in their communities. In 1874 a group of African American residents of this section of Marshall (then known as Hubbard's Hill), led . . . — — Map (db m191332) HM
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Republic of Texas, 1839-40, 1842-45; district judge, state of Texas, 1846-50. Mills County, Texas was named in his honor. Born in County Antrim, Ireland, Nov. 12, 1817; died Nov. 30, 1871. Octavia (Jones) . . . — — Map (db m218653) HM
In April 1909, doctors James F. Rosborough, Rogers Cocke and Frank Littlejohn joined forces to meet the increasing need for a medical facility in Marshall. Established in the home and former sanitarium of Dr. John H. Pope, the new facility was to be . . . — — Map (db m191329) HM
Born in Marshall, received his medical degree from University of Texas. Enlisted in Marshall Light Infantry (local militia), 1890. Ended military career 49 years later as Brevet Lieutenant General. Saw service on Mexican border. In World War I . . . — — Map (db m191303) HM
Two years after Harrison County was created by The Republic of Texas Congress in 1839, landowner Peter Whetstone offered property for a courthouse, a church, and a school in an effort to persuade county officials to locate the seat of government in . . . — — Map (db m110879) HM
Founded 1839. Named for John Marshall, Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court. Supply, ordnance, medical, telegraph and military headquarters during Civil War. The Confederate capital of Missouri was located here. Trade, industry, rail and historical . . . — — Map (db m218691) HM
According to oral tradition and documented evidence, the Boogie Woogie musical genre, with its driving, iconic left-hand rhythm, originated in the area of Marshall, Harrison County, in the early 1870s. During that decade, Marshall became the . . . — — Map (db m136322) HM
Resting place of many early Texas Leaders and Patriots: Edward Clark (1815-80), Governor of Texas, 1861, Colonel, C.S.A.
Walter P. Lane (1817-92), Veteran of Texas Revolution and Mexican War; Brigadier General, C.S.A.
John T. Mills . . . — — Map (db m192010) HM
As part of a 1912 plan to build the College of Marshall (now East Texas Baptist University), Marshall Hall is the oldest building on campus. Marshall Hall was constructed on a high point of the former Van Zandt family plantation. Trustees of the . . . — — Map (db m191309) HM
Among the pioneer settlers of Harrison County were a number of Jewish families, many of whom were German immigrants. The Hebrew Benevolent Society was organized in 1867 with 25 charter members. In 1881 the society purchased a plot of land to be used . . . — — Map (db m191308) HM
Throughout the Civil War, the Confederate Army struggled with the problem of lack of military stores. Following the fall of Vicksburg to Union forces in 1863, the supply of ordnance from Richmond was cut off.
The Trans-Mississippi Department . . . — — Map (db m218692) HM
As a center of activity for the Confederacy west of the Mississippi, this east Texas town played a major role in the Civil War.
Headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department Medical Bureau and Postal Service were here plus two military . . . — — Map (db m191270) HM
Before the Civil War (1861-65), the stage road was the main transportation artery between Marshall and Shreveport, providing a link with New Orleans for distant markets. Extending northeast from Marshall, the stage road paralleled the later route of . . . — — Map (db m122873) HM
William McKinney conveyed adjacent land in 1848 for the establishment of a community school. Later, a Union church was included and the site became the center of Grover Community, widespread farm settlement. This cemetery is first noted in records . . . — — Map (db m191335) HM
On May 23, 1857, during his first Texas gubernatorial race, Sam Houston came to Marshall, the hometown of two of his most outspoken critics, Robert Lougery and Louis T. Wigfall, for a much anticipated debate against his opponent, Hardin Runnels. . . . — — Map (db m110930) HM
School originated as Female Department of Marshall University, chartered Jan. 18, 1842, by Republic of Texas.
Marshall Masonic Lodge No. 22 chartered the Female Institute as a separate school in 1850.
Five lodge members (including city's . . . — — Map (db m201889) HM
In 1887 Jewish residents of the Marshall area organized the Moses Montefiore congregation, Adath Israel. Daniel Doppelmayer, a Civil War veteran and one of the pioneer Jewish settlers of the area, was selected as the first president. At his . . . — — Map (db m191291) HM
A 3-story brick structure built on this site in 1857 by business leader George B. Adkins (1810-76), and called “Adkins House,” ranked as a very fine hotel and served as depot for stage lines, including southern branch of Butterfield Mail, . . . — — Map (db m110874) HM
Texas had very few factories in 1861 when she joined the Confederate States of America and went to war on the issue of States’ Rights. Some of the manufacturing plants necessary to supply military goods were thereupon established in and around . . . — — Map (db m110899) HM
Born in Louisburg, N.C.; came to Texas 1833. Never carried a gun, though he lived in locality of 1840's Regulator - Moderator Feud, and risked life to help bury Robert Potter (first Secretary of Navy, Republic of Texas), who had been shot by an . . . — — Map (db m191268) HM
Four Generations of a Founding Texas Family Called This Place Home
Family patriarch Dr. James Harper Starr was nearing the end of a long and storied career when the Starr family relocated their businesses to Marshall. His son, James . . . — — Map (db m191327) HM
Dr. James Harper Starr (1809-1890) was a government official in the Republic of Texas and the Confederacy and a leading physician and businessman. In 1870, Dr. Starr and his son, James Franklin Starr (1844-1902), relocated their land and banking . . . — — Map (db m191328) HM
The first telegraph office in the State of Texas
was established at this location on
February 14, 1854.
The Texas and Red River Telegraph Company
merged several times finally becoming
Western Union Telegraph . . . — — Map (db m110885) HM
Marshall’s first railroad was conceived as a connection to Red River Steamboat Traffic. Twenty miles of track were laid northeast to Swanson’s Landing on Caddo Lake by 1858.
In 1871, the U.S. Congress authorized the Texas and Pacific Railway . . . — — Map (db m110873) HM
Born in Alabama, the Rev. Walker Montecue Allen (1819-1899) was a Cumberland Presbyterian minister, author, and teacher.
He moved to Marshall in 1876 with his wife Eliza Ann (Handly) (1829-1902) and their nine children.
They erected this two-story . . . — — Map (db m110911) HM
This residence was erected for John R. (b. 1849) and Sallie Stinson (b. 1857) soon after their marriage in Sept. 1875. The wood framing around the entryway was carved to resemble cut stone. Stinson was a merchant and served one term as mayor of . . . — — Map (db m218648) HM
An orphan, Isaac ("Ike") Hochwald (1865-1956) came to Marshall in 1877 as the ward of Lionel Kahn. He joined Kahn's mercantile firm and became a prosperous businessman. Hochwald was a school trustee, member of several fraternal groups, and one of . . . — — Map (db m218690) HM
Built before 1842. Hand-hewn logs, chinked with pipe clay. For strength has butterfly mortising on log ends and beams with tee-braces. Was part of a 2-pen dog-trot house. Moved here, 1938, by Mr. and Mrs. Hobart Key, Jr.
Recorded Texas . . . — — Map (db m96284) HM
One of the oldest Episcopal churches in Texas. An outgrowth of 1840s work in Caddo Lake area by the Rev. William Steel of Louisiana, and of appeals for priests made by Frances Cox Henderson (wife of the diplomat, Governor, U.S. Senator, J. Pinckney . . . — — Map (db m218693) HM
Homesite of Isaac Van Zandt (1813-1847), one of founders of Marshall, a noted frontiersman, debater, lawyer, statesman; served in 5th and 6th congresses of Republic of Texas; was Charge d'Affaires to United States, 1842-1844, in governor's race when . . . — — Map (db m191312) HM