“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Harrison County, Texas

Clickable Map of Harrison County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Harrison County, TX (61) Gregg County, TX (101) Marion County, TX (49) Panola County, TX (20) Rusk County, TX (5) Upshur County, TX (27) Caddo Parish, LA (167)  HarrisonCounty(61) Harrison County (61)  GreggCounty(101) Gregg County (101)  MarionCounty(49) Marion County (49)  PanolaCounty(20) Panola County (20)  RuskCounty(5) Rusk County (5)  UpshurCounty(27) Upshur County (27)  CaddoParishLouisiana(167) Caddo Parish (167)
Marshall is the county seat for Harrison County
Adjacent to Harrison County, Texas
      Gregg County (101)  
      Marion County (49)  
      Panola County (20)  
      Rusk County (5)  
      Upshur County (27)  
      Caddo Parish, Louisiana (167)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas, Harrison County, Hallsville — 10170 — Hallsville(Formerly Hallville)
Successor to Fort Crawford and Ash Springs, pioneer settlements of 1840s. Hallsville was founded when Texas & Pacific Railway was built. First train arrived Aug. 17, 1869. Western terminus for a time, and site (1870-73) of T.& P. shops, town . . . Map (db m191338) HM
2Texas, Harrison County, Hallsville — Honoring Veterans of the War Between the States(1861-1865)
Benjamin T. Baker Pvt Co F Randal's 1st Texas Lancers Benjamin R. Bass Pvt Co K 17th Texas Cav Joseph Bechtold Sgt Co A 14th Texas Inf John W. Harris Sgt Co B Waul's Texas Legion Richard J. Findley Pvt Co D 14th Alabama Reg Orren Perry Forrest . . . Map (db m191341) WM
3Texas, Harrison County, Hallsville — 10217 — James F. Taylor Lodge No. 169, A.F. & A.M.
Chartered in 1856 in the town of Ash Springs, this lodge was named for James F. Taylor (1812-1889), a leading citizen, state legislator, and mason. After the railroad bypassed Ash Springs in the late 1860s the lodge moved to the new town of . . . Map (db m191339) HM
4Texas, Harrison County, Harleton — 10172 — Harleton
Although settlement in this area between the forks of Big and Little Cypress creeks began in the 1830s, notable growth did not occur until the arrival of a railroad here in 1891. The railroad was a vital part of a venture financed by John H. Inman, . . . Map (db m136301) HM
5Texas, Harrison County, Jonesville — 10145 — Former Site of Old Concord Methodist Church and Concord Masonic Lodge
Concord Lodge No. 77, A.F. & A.M., was organized in 1850, receiving dispensation on Nov. 15 of that year. It was chartered Jan. 22, 1851, with 14 members: E.A. Geeter, N.M. Goode, N. Jones, J.B. Long, W.H. Luckie, J.R. McCartey, Neal McLane, S.S. . . . Map (db m191221) HM
6Texas, Harrison County, Jonesville — 10216 — Swanson's Landing(Site 16 Mi. NE; Historic Railroad Bed Here)
A key port on Caddo Lake for traffic to New Orleans, 1830s - 1860s. Founded by Peter Swanson (1789-1849), a civil engineer and planter. Cotton, pelts and other products went out and settlers' goods came in at this landing. 1850s terminal of . . . Map (db m191224) HM
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7Texas, Harrison County, Karnack — 10182 — Home Town of Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson(Wife of 36th President of the United States)
On December 22, 1912, in the family home 2.7 miles south, was born Claudia Alta Taylor. She was third child (only daughter) of Thomas Jefferson and Minnie Pattillo Taylor. Her father had a general store in Karnack for many years. Young “Lady . . . Map (db m110848) HM
8Texas, Harrison County, Karnack — 15018 — Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant
In 1941, as the United States prepared for eventual entry into World War II, the U.S. Army Ordnance Department approached Monsanto Chemical Company of St. Louis about operating a local plant for production of explosives. Initially called Longhorn . . . Map (db m110849) HM
9Texas, Harrison County, Karnack — 10207 — Old Town of Port Caddo(Site located in and around Caddo State Park)
Ancestral home of Texas Caddo Indians, this region gained a distinctive character in the 19th century. From 1806 to 1845 it lay in an area disputed by various countries and designated, from 1819, as the “neutral ground.” Settlers living . . . Map (db m110850) HM
10Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10178 — Alexander Travis HawthornJanuary 10, 1825 - May 31, 1899
Native of Alabama, Arkansas lawyer, Colonel commanding 6th Arkansas Confederate Infantry Regiment at Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee, Commended for action at Helena and Fort Hindman in Arkansas, Brigader-General in Confederate Army, Commended . . . Map (db m191304) HM
11Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10140 — Bethesda Baptist Church
In 1867 the Rev. William Massey organized the "Colored Baptist Church" in his home. Soon the name "Bethesda" was chosen for the Biblical pool where the sick and troubled went for healing. Members of this congregation included prominent business, . . . Map (db m218649) HM
12Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 22535 — C.G. Lancaster
Renowned architect Cornelius Granberry Lancaster was born on March 4, 1863, in the city of Marshall. He studied architecture at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) from 1892-1895, but did not complete his . . . Map (db m218703) HM
13Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10149 — Confederate Memorial
To the Unknown Confederate Soldiers Buried Here "Lest We Forget" Map (db m191278) WM
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14Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 17691 — East Texas Baptist University
Secondary education is a familiar institution in Marshall with academies dating back to the 1840s. During a 1911 banquet for donors to the new Southern Methodist University, Dr. William T. Tardy, the pastor of the First Baptist Church, was present. . . . Map (db m191311) HM
15Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10156 — First Baptist Church
John Bryce (1784-1864), Baptist missionary and secret agent for U. S. President John Tyler during Texas annexation negotiations, and the Rev. George Washington Baines, great-grandfather of President Lyndon Baines Johnson, founded this church shortly . . . Map (db m218650) HM
16Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10157 — First Methodist Church
Begun by Littleton Fowler, 1839. Job M. Baker, first pastor. Organized 1845. Built 1861 on site given by Wm. M. and Mary M. Johnston. Bricks hand-molded, beams hand-hewn. Gallery in north end for slave members. Munitions stored in basement during . . . Map (db m218652) HM
17Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 22648 — Fred Lewis
Educator, NAACP officer and civil rights activist Fred Lewis (1912-2002), managed Ruth Starr Blake's estate after he returned from WWII. Lewis was influential in restoring voting rights for African American Texans. The first White Citizens Party was . . . Map (db m218696) HM
18Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10162 — Fry-Barry House
Built by Fidel Bircher, this raised Greek revival style cottage was designed by W. R. D. Ward, who sold Bircher the property in 1853. Edwin James Fry (1845-1927), a native Virginian who came to Texas in 1855, bought the residence in 1872 and . . . Map (db m218689) HM
19Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10166 — General Elkanah Greer / Knights of the Golden Circle
(front) Home Town of Texas Confederate General Elkanah Greer (1825-1877) Born Tennessee. Fought Mexican War. Came to Texas 1848. Commissioned colonel and raised 3rd Texas Cavalry. Attached to Ross' Texas Brigade. Fought at . . . Map (db m110890) HM WM
20Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10164 — Ginocchio Hotel and Restaurant
Italian-born Charles Ginocchio arrived in Marshall in 1871. He owned several properties near the T & P Railroad Depot, including the site of a notorious 1879 shooting that left Maurice Barrymore wounded and fellow actor Ben Porter Dead. In 1893-96 . . . Map (db m110872) HM
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21Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10163 — Ginocchio-Cook-Pedison House
Italian – American business leader Charles Ginocchio (1844-98) and wife Roxana settled in Marshal in 1871; built this home, 1886. Architect: C.G. Lancaster, designer of County Courthouse. In Ginocchio household was a nephew, George J. . . . Map (db m110906) HM
22Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10143 — Governor Edward Clark
(front) Home Town Texas First Confederate Governor Edward Clark (1815-1880) Son of a Georgia governor. Came here in 1842. Member Annexation Convention, 1st and 2nd Texas Legislatures. Participant Mexican War. Secretary of . . . Map (db m110895) HM WM
23Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10144 — Governor Edward Clark(1815-1880)
Born in Georgia. Came to Texas in 1842. Served as a member of Annexation Convention. Fought in War with Mexico. Held office as State Representative, Senator, Secretary of State, Lieutenant Governor; Governor in 1861. Raised and led 14th Texas . . . Map (db m191269) HM
24Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10165 — Greenwood Cemetery(Dedicated 1881)
Originated 1840 as private burial ground, Van Zandt Family. Resting place, many early Texas leaders and patriots: Isaac Van Zandt (1813-47), Came to Marshall in 1839. County Named in His Honor. James Harper Starr (1809-90). Land . . . Map (db m191302) HM
25Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10175 — Harrison County
Formed from Shelby County Created January 28, 1839 Organized June 12, 1842 Named in honor of Jonas Harrison A pioneer statesman of New Jersey who came to Texas in 1820 A member of the First Convention of . . . Map (db m119552) HM
26Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10176 — Harrison County
The original inhabitants of this area were the Caddo Indians. Anglo settlers, mostly from the southern U.S., began arriving in the 1830’s. Many obtained Mexican land grants in 1835, and population increased following Texas Independence in . . . Map (db m110883) HM
27Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — Historic Roadside Park
The picnic area on US 80 in Harrison County is an early roadside park developed by the Texas Highway Department -- now Texas Department of Transportation. Constructed in the early 1940's, this park features stone masonry picnic features and entry . . . Map (db m120293) HM
28Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10210 — Horace Randal
Brigadier General, C.S.A., Vicksburg Campaign, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, Jenkins FerryMap (db m191281) HM
29Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10215 — James Harper Starr
(front) Home Town of Texas Confederate James Harper Starr 1809 - 1890 Connecticut-born. Came to Texas 1837. A doctor in Nacogdoches. Secretary of the Treasury and Army Surgeon, Republic of Texas. At start of Civil War . . . Map (db m124003) HM
30Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10181 — Jerusalem Missionary Baptist Church
After the Civil War many African Americans in Texas struggled to gather the resources necessary to establish churches in their communities. In 1874 a group of African American residents of this section of Marshall (then known as Hubbard's Hill), led . . . Map (db m191332) HM
31Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10198 — John T. Mills
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Republic of Texas, 1839-40, 1842-45; district judge, state of Texas, 1846-50. Mills County, Texas was named in his honor. Born in County Antrim, Ireland, Nov. 12, 1817; died Nov. 30, 1871. Octavia (Jones) . . . Map (db m218653) HM
32Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 12353 — Kahn Memorial Hospital
In April 1909, doctors James F. Rosborough, Rogers Cocke and Frank Littlejohn joined forces to meet the increasing need for a medical facility in Marshall. Established in the home and former sanitarium of Dr. John H. Pope, the new facility was to be . . . Map (db m191329) HM
33Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10209 — Lt. Gen. George Perry Rains(September 18, 1872 - September 19, 1955)
Born in Marshall, received his medical degree from University of Texas. Enlisted in Marshall Light Infantry (local militia), 1890. Ended military career 49 years later as Brevet Lieutenant General. Saw service on Mexican border. In World War I . . . Map (db m191303) HM
34Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10188 — Marshall
Two years after Harrison County was created by The Republic of Texas Congress in 1839, landowner Peter Whetstone offered property for a courthouse, a church, and a school in an effort to persuade county officials to locate the seat of government in . . . Map (db m110879) HM
35Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10189 — Marshall
Founded 1839. Named for John Marshall, Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court. Supply, ordnance, medical, telegraph and military headquarters during Civil War. The Confederate capital of Missouri was located here. Trade, industry, rail and historical . . . Map (db m218691) HM
36Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 17804 — MarshallThe Birthplace of Boogie Woogie
According to oral tradition and documented evidence, the Boogie Woogie musical genre, with its driving, iconic left-hand rhythm, originated in the area of Marshall, Harrison County, in the early 1870s. During that decade, Marshall became the . . . Map (db m136322) HM
37Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10190 — Marshall CemeteryCemetery (Incorporate Dec. 12, 1849)
Resting place of many early Texas Leaders and Patriots: Edward Clark (1815-80), Governor of Texas, 1861, Colonel, C.S.A. Walter P. Lane (1817-92), Veteran of Texas Revolution and Mexican War; Brigadier General, C.S.A. John T. Mills . . . Map (db m192010) HM
38Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 17692 — Marshall Hall
As part of a 1912 plan to build the College of Marshall (now East Texas Baptist University), Marshall Hall is the oldest building on campus. Marshall Hall was constructed on a high point of the former Van Zandt family plantation. Trustees of the . . . Map (db m191309) HM
39Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10192 — Marshall Hebrew Cemetery
Among the pioneer settlers of Harrison County were a number of Jewish families, many of whom were German immigrants. The Hebrew Benevolent Society was organized in 1867 with 25 charter members. In 1881 the society purchased a plot of land to be used . . . Map (db m191308) HM
40Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10195 — Marshall Powder Mill
Throughout the Civil War, the Confederate Army struggled with the problem of lack of military stores. Following the fall of Vicksburg to Union forces in 1863, the supply of ordnance from Richmond was cut off. The Trans-Mississippi Department . . . Map (db m218692) HM
41Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10191 — Marshall, C.S.A.
As a center of activity for the Confederacy west of the Mississippi, this east Texas town played a major role in the Civil War. Headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department Medical Bureau and Postal Service were here plus two military . . . Map (db m191270) HM
42Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10197 — Marshall-Shreveport Stagecoach Road
Before the Civil War (1861-65), the stage road was the main transportation artery between Marshall and Shreveport, providing a link with New Orleans for distant markets. Extending northeast from Marshall, the stage road paralleled the later route of . . . Map (db m122873) HM
43Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10154 — Matthew Duncan Ector
Brigadier General, C.S.A, Richmond, Ky., Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Atlanta, Defense of MobileMap (db m191307) HM
44Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10168 — Old Grover Cemetery
William McKinney conveyed adjacent land in 1848 for the establishment of a community school. Later, a Union church was included and the site became the center of Grover Community, widespread farm settlement. This cemetery is first noted in records . . . Map (db m191335) HM
45Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10174 — Sam Houston's 1857 Campaign in Marshall
On May 23, 1857, during his first Texas gubernatorial race, Sam Houston came to Marshall, the hometown of two of his most outspoken critics, Robert Lougery and Louis T. Wigfall, for a much anticipated debate against his opponent, Hardin Runnels. . . . Map (db m110930) HM
46Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10193 — Site of Marshall Masonic Female Institute
School originated as Female Department of Marshall University, chartered Jan. 18, 1842, by Republic of Texas. Marshall Masonic Lodge No. 22 chartered the Female Institute as a separate school in 1850. Five lodge members (including city's . . . Map (db m201889) HM
47Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10218 — Site of Temple Moses Montefiore
In 1887 Jewish residents of the Marshall area organized the Moses Montefiore congregation, Adath Israel. Daniel Doppelmayer, a Civil War veteran and one of the pioneer Jewish settlers of the area, was selected as the first president. At his . . . Map (db m191291) HM
48Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10141 — Site of The Capitol Hotel
A 3-story brick structure built on this site in 1857 by business leader George B. Adkins (1810-76), and called “Adkins House,” ranked as a very fine hotel and served as depot for stage lines, including southern branch of Butterfield Mail, . . . Map (db m110874) HM
49Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10147 — Site of The Confederate Hat Factory in Marshall, C.S.A.
Texas had very few factories in 1861 when she joined the Confederate States of America and went to war on the issue of States’ Rights. Some of the manufacturing plants necessary to supply military goods were thereupon established in and around . . . Map (db m110899) HM
50Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10203 — Solomon Ruffin Perry(June 2, 1818 - Jan. 13, 1895)
Born in Louisburg, N.C.; came to Texas 1833. Never carried a gun, though he lived in locality of 1840's Regulator - Moderator Feud, and risked life to help bury Robert Potter (first Secretary of Navy, Republic of Texas), who had been shot by an . . . Map (db m191268) HM
51Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — Starr Family Home
Four Generations of a Founding Texas Family Called This Place Home Family patriarch Dr. James Harper Starr was nearing the end of a long and storied career when the Starr family relocated their businesses to Marshall. His son, James . . . Map (db m191327) HM
52Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10187 — Starr Family Home
Dr. James Harper Starr (1809-1890) was a government official in the Republic of Texas and the Confederacy and a leading physician and businessman. In 1870, Dr. Starr and his son, James Franklin Starr (1844-1902), relocated their land and banking . . . Map (db m191328) HM
53Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — Telegraph Park
left side: The first telegraph office in the State of Texas was established at this location on February 14, 1854. The Texas and Red River Telegraph Company merged several times finally becoming Western Union Telegraph . . . Map (db m110885) HM
54Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10219 — Texas & Pacific Depot
Marshall’s first railroad was conceived as a connection to Red River Steamboat Traffic. Twenty miles of track were laid northeast to Swanson’s Landing on Caddo Lake by 1858. In 1871, the U.S. Congress authorized the Texas and Pacific Railway . . . Map (db m110873) HM
55Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 15074 — The Allen House
Born in Alabama, the Rev. Walker Montecue Allen (1819-1899) was a Cumberland Presbyterian minister, author, and teacher. He moved to Marshall in 1876 with his wife Eliza Ann (Handly) (1829-1902) and their nine children. They erected this two-story . . . Map (db m110911) HM
56Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10139 — The Belle Fry Gaines House
This residence was erected for John R. (b. 1849) and Sallie Stinson (b. 1857) soon after their marriage in Sept. 1875. The wood framing around the entryway was carved to resemble cut stone. Stinson was a merchant and served one term as mayor of . . . Map (db m218648) HM
57Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10180 — The Hochwald House
An orphan, Isaac ("Ike") Hochwald (1865-1956) came to Marshall in 1877 as the ward of Lionel Kahn. He joined Kahn's mercantile firm and became a prosperous businessman. Hochwald was a school trustee, member of several fraternal groups, and one of . . . Map (db m218690) HM
58Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10220 — Trammel's Trace Cabin
Built before 1842. Hand-hewn logs, chinked with pipe clay. For strength has butterfly mortising on log ends and beams with tee-braces. Was part of a 2-pen dog-trot house. Moved here, 1938, by Mr. and Mrs. Hobart Key, Jr. Recorded Texas . . . Map (db m96284) HM
59Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10221 — Trinity Episcopal Church
One of the oldest Episcopal churches in Texas. An outgrowth of 1840s work in Caddo Lake area by the Rev. William Steel of Louisiana, and of appeals for priests made by Frances Cox Henderson (wife of the diplomat, Governor, U.S. Senator, J. Pinckney . . . Map (db m218693) HM
60Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10223 — Van Zandt Hill
Homesite of Isaac Van Zandt (1813-1847), one of founders of Marshall, a noted frontiersman, debater, lawyer, statesman; served in 5th and 6th congresses of Republic of Texas; was Charge d'Affaires to United States, 1842-1844, in governor's race when . . . Map (db m191312) HM
61Texas, Harrison County, Marshall — 10184 — Walter Paye Lane
Soldier in Texas War for Independence. Major in the Mexican War Brigadier General, C.S.AMap (db m191271) HM
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Mar. 24, 2023