“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Stafford County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Stafford County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Stafford County, VA (207) Caroline County, VA (64) Culpeper County, VA (163) Fauquier County, VA (117) Fredericksburg Ind. City, VA (365) King George County, VA (22) Prince William County, VA (657) Spotsylvania County, VA (401) Charles County, MD (150)  StaffordCounty(207) Stafford County (207)  CarolineCounty(64) Caroline County (64)  CulpeperCounty(163) Culpeper County (163)  FauquierCounty(117) Fauquier County (117)  (365) Fredericksburg (365)  KingGeorgeCounty(22) King George County (22)  PrinceWilliamCounty(657) Prince William County (657)  SpotsylvaniaCounty(401) Spotsylvania County (401)  CharlesCountyMaryland(150) Charles County (150)
Stafford is the county seat for Stafford County
Adjacent to Stafford County, Virginia
      Caroline County (64)  
      Culpeper County (163)  
      Fauquier County (117)  
      Fredericksburg (365)  
      King George County (22)  
      Prince William County (657)  
      Spotsylvania County (401)  
      Charles County, Maryland (150)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — "Lest We Forget"
In memory of those from Stafford County who served during the Civil War "Lest We Forget"Map (db m6800) HM
2 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — A Changed LandscapeFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The sketch below, done by a Union soldier, shows the landscape in front of you as it looked in 1863. During the Civil War, this was the rear of Chatham—a functional space unadorned with gardens or architectural finery. Union soldiers had . . . Map (db m35387) HM
3 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — A Family MemorialGari Melchers Home and Studio
Joseph Burwell Ficklen purchased Belmont in 1824, just as he began making his mark as a mill operator in Falmouth. He did not marry until 1843, at age 43. Ellen McGehee Ficklen died in 1845. Her grieving husband buried her here along with their . . . Map (db m171445) HM
4 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — A Sad Duty to Perform
His second day of freedom, Former Slave John Washington wrote about seeing the “side-by-side” burial of seven Union soldiers April 19th, 1862, in Falmouth’s Union Church Cemetery. “The soldiers had a sad duty to . . . Map (db m49673) HM
5 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — A Working FarmGari Melchers Home and Studio
The farm implements you see remind us that Gari and Corinne Melchers were farmers as well as artists and world travelers. With the help of caretaker Mason Dillon, who lived in the cottage across the road, they ran a small farm with cows, . . . Map (db m171439) HM
6 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Beleaguered TownFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Union soldiers and officers gazing upon Fredericksburg from this spot in 1862 saw many of the same landmarks visible today. The skyline of this peaceful river town, population 5,000 in 1860, is still dominated by the three steeples of City Hall . . . Map (db m35390) HM
7 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Beyond the Big HouseFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Slaves did virtually all the work that kept Chatham worthy of its widespread reputation for productivity, elegance, and hospitality. Before the Civil War, it’s unlikely that white residents ever amounted to more than 20 percent of Chatham’s . . . Map (db m35386) HM
8 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — BombardmentThe Battle of Fredericksburg — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
When Confederate sharpshooters blocked his efforts to span the Rappahannock River with pontoon bridges, General Ambrose E. Burnside ordered his artillery to bombard the town. For eight hours more than one hundred cannon, some as large as the . . . Map (db m35392) HM
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9 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Capt. John Smith
To the Cross hath bin discoverd A.D. 1608Map (db m171441) HM
10 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Caretaker CottageGari Melchers Home and Studio — Belmont —
From construction of the main house ca. 1880, until the end of the Civil War, life at Belmont was intertwined with the institution of slavery. An 1815 Falmouth property list shows that then resident Susannah Knox owned four slaves over age 12. . . . Map (db m97372) HM
11 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — ChathamFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Chatham has watched quietly over Fredericksburg for almost 250 years—an imposing, 180-foot-long brick manor house once visible from much of town. It has witnessed great events and played host to important people. George Washington, Thomas . . . Map (db m35385) HM
12 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Civil War Observation Balloon Site
This site, once part of the Phillips property and occupied by the Union Army in the winter of 1862-1863 became the launch site for Aeronaut Thaddeus Lowe reconnaissance balloons. The tethered balloon Eagle with General Edwin Sumner's staff officer, . . . Map (db m76275) HM
13 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Conway House
Conway House was the home of Moncure Conway who freed himself from the dogmas of his culture and became an abolitionist. He is the only descendent of one of our nation’s Founding Fathers to actively lead escaping slaves to freedom, thereby . . . Map (db m23147) HM
14 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Duff McDuff Green Memorial Park
The Green family was established in Virginia when Duff McFuff Green's great-great grandfather, Robert Green, settled in Orange County in 1710. Duff McDuff Green was born in Stafford county on 2 August 1832 to Capt. Duff Green and Elizabeth Ann Payne . . . Map (db m76690) HM
15 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Falmouth
Approximately one mile east at the junction of U.S. Route 17 and U.S. Route 1 is the town of Falmouth, which was established at the falls of the Rappahannock River and incorporated in 1727. Although a small town, Falmouth was one of the most . . . Map (db m48761) HM
16 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Falmouth Railroad StationStafford, Virginia
During the Civil War, a railroad station stood on this site. The station consisted of a warehouse, a platform, quartermaster tents, and several sidings. Trains arrived and departed on the hour traveling to and from Aquia Landing. The station . . . Map (db m75944) HM
17 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Flood of 1937
High Water April 26, 1937 Map (db m171438) HM
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18 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military ParkNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania—this is the bloodiest landscape in North America. No place more vividly reflects the Civil War’s tragic cost in all its forms. A city bombarded, bloodied, and looted. Farms large and . . . Map (db m35378) HM
19 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Freedom Began HereTrail to Freedom
”The soldier assured me that I was now a free man…I never would be a slave no more.” - John Washington, a Fredericksburg slave ”Our camps are now flooded with negroes, with packs on their backs and bound for . . . Map (db m32391) HM
20 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Gari Melchers and his wife Corinne
Artist Gari Melchers and his wife Corinne were booklovers. Despite the demands of his studio schedule, Gari Melchers devoted his morning to newspapers, made time for a good novel, and enjoyed studying the pages of his many art books. Corinne . . . Map (db m171444) HM
21 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Gari Melchers Home and Studio"Belmont"
Overlooking the Falls of the Rappahannock River on a major 17th and 18th century trade route, this site became the setting for the artist's internationally acclaimed early 20th century paintings celebrating the lives and character of the citizens of . . . Map (db m77688) HM
22 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — N-34 — Gen. Hooker's Headquarters
Just northeast, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, commander of the Union Army of the Potomac, kept his headquarters, Jan. - June 1863, amid a vast city of tents and camps. It was here he rehabilitated he Union army after its catastrophic defeat in the First . . . Map (db m9216) HM
23 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — E-47 — Historic Falmouth Reported permanently removed
Founded in 1727 as a trading center for the Northern Neck. Hunter’s iron works here were an objective in the Virginia campaign of 1781. The Army of the Potomac camped here from November, 1862 to June, 1863 and moved hence to Chancellorsville and . . . Map (db m1671) HM
24 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — E-47 — Historic Falmouth
The town of Falmouth was established here in 1727 at the falls of the Rappahannock River. One of Virginia's busiest ports during the 18th and early 19th centuries, the town offered a tobacco inspection station, tobacco and cotton warehouses, flour . . . Map (db m171437) HM
25 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Hobby School
In 1930, this 1880s log cabin was moved to its present location from the corner of Butler Road and Carter Street. The Falmouth historic community saved it with the help of noted architect Edward Donn, for they believed it was similar to the type of . . . Map (db m49662) HM
26 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Hulls Memorial Baptist Church
Site of the Original Hulls Memorial Baptist Church Founded 1888 Erected 1897 Map (db m4849) HM
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27 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — E-116 — Hunter’s Iron Works
Located south of here on the Rappahannock River, stood Hunter’s Iron Works, founded by James Hunter and was in operation by the 1750s. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, the Rappahannock Forge there supplied the Continental army and navy . . . Map (db m2729) HM
28 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — James HunterPatriot — 1721 - 1785 —
Owner of the famed Hunter Iron Works in Stafford County, which manufactured most of the camp utensils and weapons for the Virginia forces during the Revolutionary War. A true patriot, he received little, if any, compensation.Map (db m32392) HM
29 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — J-93 — Little Falls
On 11 December 1862, Union engineers began the construction of pontoon bridges here so the army could cross the Rappahannock River to Fredericksburg. They began in the morning, hidden by fog. Soon the fog lifted, however, and Confederate . . . Map (db m1674) HM
30 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Magistrate’s Office
The Magistrate’s Office is the oldest existing municipal building in Stafford County. Originally built for the town of Falmouth, the structure has been used as a courthouse (magistrate’s office) and voting place. Traditionally referred to as the . . . Map (db m2545) HM
31 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Moncure Conway House"As good [an] abolitionist as any of you!"
In the spring of 1862, a passing Union soldier was shot and wounded, allegedly by someone at this house. His enraged comrades broke down the door to ransack and burn the place, but one who had known Moncure Conway earlier recognized his portrait. . . . Map (db m148080) HM
32 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — OlympiansStafford, Virginia
Three Stafford High graduates competed in the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. Jeff Rouse won a gold and a silver medal swimming. Mark Lenzi received a gold medal in diving. Conrad Adams was the captain of the U.S. Olympic Pentathlon Team. In . . . Map (db m75946) HM
33 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — On this site in 1862...
Guard Duty in Falmouth: Eight members of Company "F" 2nd Regt. U.S. Sharpshooters pose for a photograph in front of the O'Bannon House on Caroline St. (current day Butler Road) in Falmouth, Virginia, about May or June of 1862. They are . . . Map (db m36873) HM
34 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Shelton Cottage
This cottage is an example of an 18th century working man's home and was named for the family that owned it for several generations. A unique feature of the cottage is a central fireplace, more commonly seen in New England.Map (db m76276) HM
35 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Sow…Tend…HarvestFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior — Reported permanently removed
For most of its existence, Chatham had an unchanging rhythm: sow, tend, and harvest, each according to the crop. Most of Chatham’s slaves lived out their lives to this seasonal cadence, year after year. More than 50 enslaved workers—sometimes more . . . Map (db m35389) HM
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36 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Sow…Tend…HarvestFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
For most of its existence, Chatham had an unchanging rhythm: sow, tend, and harvest, each according to the crop. Most of Chatham's enslaved residents lived out their lives to this seasonal cadence, year after year. More than 50 enslaved . . . Map (db m148079) HM
37 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — The Forlorn Hope
“A group of soldiers detached from the main group for a very dangerous mission.” On December 11, 1862, from the north side of the Rappahannock River in Stafford County, the 7th Michigan Infantry led an amphibious assault . . . Map (db m23146) HM
38 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Transportation and SettlementGari Melchers Home and Studio
Below are the falls of the Rappahannock River. Long before Europeans arrived, this was an important meeting point for Algonquian peoples from the East and Siouan speakers from the West — all of whom were masters at using area waterways. . . . Map (db m171443) HM
39 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Water Supply MethodsGari Melchers Home and Studio
The building in front of you was built by the Melcherses to improve the water supply to the house. It contained a pump that pushed water to an underground cistern accessible from the basement of the house. The pump house and new cistern replaced . . . Map (db m171690) HM
40 Virginia, Stafford County, Falmouth — Welcome To Our TrailsGari Melchers Home and Studio — Belmont —
The trails at Gari Melchers Home and Studio at Belmont fulfill the wishes of Corinne Melchers, who hoped visitors could someday walk the estate’s beautiful woods and riverside setting. One-and-a-half miles of paths cover a varied terrain to the . . . Map (db m97375) HM
41 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — 6th Corps Encampment
From November 1862 to June 1863 the 6th Corps of the Army of the Potomac were encamped in the immediate area of White Oak ChurchMap (db m4259) HM WM
42 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — A “Picture of Desolation”
“ Tis a perfect picture of desolation, and a sad illustration of the ravages of war.”          —Newspaper correspondent, 1863 Union soldiers loll around Chatham in this February 1863 photograph. The scene here was not always so . . . Map (db m4655) HM
43 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — A Bloody CrossingThe Battle of Fredericksburg — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Church bells in Fredericksburg tolled 3 a.m. on December 11, 1862, as Union engineers wrestled pontoon boats toward the river's edge in front of you. They intended to use the boats to construct two of the six floating bridges that the Army of the . . . Map (db m172352) HM
44 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-133 — Anthony Burns(1834 ~ 1862)
Anthony Burns was born into slavery in Stafford County. In 1854 Burns escaped from Richmond, where he had been hired out, to Boston. His owner demanded his return under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Burns' arrest on 24 May 1854 inspired . . . Map (db m92728) HM
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45 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Bethlehem Primitive Baptist Church
Organized 1868 by Rev. York Johnson, an ex-slave, who with 27 others separated from White Oak Primitive Baptist Church. Rev. Johnson, assisted by The Freedmen Bureau, established a benevolent organization "The Union Branch of the True Vine" and . . . Map (db m77354) HM
46 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — J-44 — Bethlehem Primitive Baptist Church and Cemetery
This church originated in 1868 when 27 African Americans withdrew from nearby White Oak Church and selected the Rev. York Johnson, a former slave, as their pastor. Johnson founded the Union Branch of the True Vine, a mutual aid society, reportedly . . . Map (db m171435) HM
47 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Between Battles
As the spring of 1863 brought green to the countryside and fish up the river, the legions of civil strife faced each other cheerfully across the Rappahannock. After the slaughter of Fredericksburg, the embattled brothers held off death for the time. . . . Map (db m4726) HM
48 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Camp PitcherHistory at Leeland Station
Following its defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862, the Union Army of the Potomac went into winter quarters in Stafford County. Here at Bell-Air (the nearly 400-acre estate of Abraham Primmer, which the Leeland Station community . . . Map (db m33406) HM
49 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — N-5 — Cavalry Affairs Reported missing
Near here Wade Hampton with a small cavalry force surprised and captured 5 officers and 87 men of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, November 28, 1862. At that time Burnside was moving toward Fredericksburg. On February 25, 1863, Fitz Lee, on a . . . Map (db m2355) HM
50 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Chatham
This expansive estate and its impressive Georgian dwelling have dominated Stafford Heights overlooking Fredericksburg for over two centuries. William Fitzhugh, a wealthy landowner from Virginia's Northern Neck, completed construction of his new . . . Map (db m4719) HM
51 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — J-60 — Chatham Reported permanently removed
Here is Chatham, built about 1750 by William Fitzhugh. Here Robert E. Lee came to court his wife. In the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862, the house was occupied by General Sumner. It was General Hooker’s headquarters for a time, 1863.Map (db m1670) HM
52 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — J-60 — Chatham
Chatham, a Georgian manor house, was completed in 1771 for planter William Fitzhugh and his wife, Ann Randolph. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were visitors here. Many enslaved African Americans worked on the plantation, and in Jan. 1805 a . . . Map (db m171422) HM
53 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Chatham and the Civil War
The Civil War focused national attention on Chatham, which became known as the Lacy House after its wartime owner, J. Horace, Lacy. Federal troops first occupied Fredericksburg in the sping of 1862 and their commander, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell, was . . . Map (db m4718) HM
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54 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-85 — Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2363
Here at Berea, during the Great Depression, was the site of Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2363. This camp, one of many in Virginia, was organized in 1935 and disbanded in 1940. During its existence, the company strung farm fences, planted . . . Map (db m2217) HM
55 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — J-102 — Creek Delegation in Fredericksburg
In July 1790 a delegation of Creek Indians from Georgia, headed by Muskogee leader Alexander McGillivray, made their temporary headquarters nearby on their way to New York City. President George Washington invited them to treaty negotiations to . . . Map (db m1673) HM
56 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Enslaved Quarter
Archaeologists uncovered evidence evidence at this site for a building known as "the quarter." It was housing for enslaved workers on the property. Excavations revealed a root cellar, quantities of nails, shards of ceramics and glassware, as . . . Map (db m221469) HM
57 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-45 — Fredericksburg
Fredericksburg was established in 1728 and named for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and eldest son of King George II. It served as the county seat of Spotsylvania County from 1732 to 1778 and was an important port during the colonial era. In his . . . Map (db m2206) HM
58 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Fredericksburg Campaign
Ambrose E. Burnside's Union army had found existing bridges destroyed, and now R. E. Lee's Confederates awaited attack on high ground beyond Fredericksburg. On December 11, 1862, the Union engineers shivered in the early morning as they broke a skim . . . Map (db m4723) HM
59 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — N-4 — Fredericksburg Campaign
Frustrated by the Army of the Potomac’s lack of progress, President Abraham Lincoln replaced army commander Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan with Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, who assumed command on 9 Nov. 1862. Within a week, he had the army marching . . . Map (db m2216) HM
60 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — George Washington Boyhood Home Site
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of AmericaKnown as Ferry Far, the primary home of George Washington from 1738-1754, this site is . . . Map (db m14414) HM
61 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — J-61 — George Washington’s Childhood Home
The Washington family moved to a plantation here in 1738 when George Washington was six years old. Along with his three brothers and sister, young Washington spent most of his early life here, where, according to popular fable, he cut down his . . . Map (db m206787) HM
62 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-17 — Gold Mining in Stafford County
Near here are located ten of the nineteenth century gold mines of Stafford County. The best-known were the Eagle, Rattlesnake (Horse Pen), Lee, New Hope, and Monroe mines. The Eagle Gold Mining Company, Rappahannock Gold Mine Company of New York, . . . Map (db m2239) HM
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63 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Hartwood Presbyterian ChurchThe Writing on the Wall Reported permanently removed
This is Hartwood Presbyterian Church, which Federal troops occupied during the Civil War. They removed and burned all the woodwork, leaving only the bare plaster walls. On November 24, 1862, Capt. George Johnson, 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, arrived . . . Map (db m19718) HM
64 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-126/129 — Hartwood Presbyterian ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
Organized in June 1825 by the Winchester Presbytery as Yellow Chapel Church, the brick church was constructed between 1857 and 1859. It became Hartwood Presbyterian Church in 1868. During the Civil War an engagement took place here on 25 Feb. 1863. . . . Map (db m122067) HM
65 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — History at Leeland StationBelle Air
Near this spot stood Belle Air, a prominent Stafford County landmark and home of the Fitzhugh and Primmer families. John Fitzhugh first constructed a house here in the mid-eighteenth century, but by 1854, when the property was sold to Abram Primmer, . . . Map (db m5062) HM
66 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Land for God's Work
Placed here in recognition of Don and Jane Greenawalt's Donation of this Land for God's WorkMap (db m5059) HM
67 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Lincoln's Review Reported missing
During the Civil War Chatham saw soldiers of both Northern and Southern armies come and go. The presence of Union troops this far south often attracted the attention of officials in Washington and this vicinity witnessed three reviews between 1862 . . . Map (db m4717) HM
68 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-75 — Marlborough
Strategically situated at the tip of a peninsula jutting into the Potomac River at Potomac Creek, Marlborough was established under the Town Act of 1691 as a river port town. It served as the county seat of Stafford County from 1691 until about . . . Map (db m2219) HM
69 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Milton Snellings
Dedicated to the Memory of Milton Snellings General President 1916-1921 By the International Union of Operating Engineers Snellings 1870 - 1921Map (db m4842) HM
70 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — N-36 — Moncure Daniel Conway
Nearby to the northwest is the childhood home of renowned abolitionist, writer, and lecturer Moncure Daniel Conway (1832-1907). In 1838 his family moved into this Federal-style house. Conway graduated from Dickinson College in 1849 and Harvard . . . Map (db m1676) HM
71 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Mud March
In early January 1863, General Ambrose E. Burnside strategized to out-flank Confederate forces by crossing the Rappahannock at Bank’s Ford, well upstream of Fredericksburg. His advance was brought to an abrupt halt when a vicious winter storm . . . Map (db m66251) HM
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72 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Original Bell of Hulls Memorial Baptist Church
This bell was taken from the Old Church Building and placed here by Elsie S. Truslow in memory of her husband Hansford Bryan Truslow 1896 - 1959Map (db m4858) HM
73 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Pontoon BridgesThe Battle of Fredericksburg — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
At Fredericksburg, the Union army crossed the Rappahannock River by means of temporary, floating bridges built upon pontoons. In front of you is a reconstructed section of such a bridge, built to eighty percent of its original size. More than . . . Map (db m4724) HM
74 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Potomac Creek Bridge"Beanpoles and Cornstalks"
The mounds of earth beside you and the stone blocks protruding from it are all that remain of the south abutment of a bridge that once carried the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad across Potomac Creek. During the first year of the Civil . . . Map (db m2194) HM
75 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Ramoth Memorial Gardens
Given to the Glory of God by Marion L. Sterne March 26, 1995 Marker donated by Carroll MemorialsMap (db m3411) HM
76 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Repeated SurprisesHartwood Presbyterian Church
As a frigid dawn broke on November 28, 1862, Hartwood Presbyterian Church was a barracks for sleeping Union cavalrymen wrapped in blankets. A few stirred outside, but most were asleep when suddenly galloping Confederate troopers rudely awakened . . . Map (db m185519) HM
77 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Root Cellar
Archaeologists uncovered evidence of a small building built over a 3 foot deep pit in the ground, dating from the Washington family era at Ferry Farm. Analysis of the artifacts found at the site, along with comparison to other 18th century . . . Map (db m221456) HM
78 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — E-138 — Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest, also known as the Fitzhugh House, was built just northeast of here in the first half of the 19th century. During the Civil War, Union forces used the property as a communications center and observation post, most notably in . . . Map (db m206565) HM
79 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — The Civil War at Ferry Farm Reported missing
George Washington's Ferry Farm, seen here from the opposite side of the river, was in the middle of the Union lines during the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. On December 11th Union engineers began building a pontoon bridge at the ferry . . . Map (db m14458) HM
80 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — The Ferries Reported missing
The Washington plantation was located at one of the main river crossings. A ferry was established in 1726 a few hundred yards downstream from here. This ferry was the setting for one of the most enduring stories about Washington's childhood. In his . . . Map (db m14457) HM
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81 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — N-6 — The Mud March
In Jan. 1863, after the Federal defeat at the First Battle of Fredericksburg on 13 Dec., Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside sought to restore the army’s morale by crossing the Rappahannock River at Banks’s Ford two miles south and attacking the rear of . . . Map (db m2215) HM
82 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — The Washington Plantation Reported missing
The Washington plantation consisted of two farms: the Home House Farm, where the family lived, and a quarter, (outlying farm) located to the east. The main crops were corn, wheat, and tobacco. The plantation complex included the Washington house, a . . . Map (db m14455) HM
83 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Union Army Ninth Corps
In the winter of 1862-1863, following the Battle of Fredericksburg, Colonel Edward Harland’s Union brigade camped on this site. Six infantry regiments comprised the brigade: the 4th Rhode Island and the 8th, 11th, 15th, 16th and 21st Connecticut. . . . Map (db m166485) HM
84 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — Union Soldiers View
Union soldiers and officers gazing upon Fredericksburg from this spot in 1862 saw many of the same landmarks visible today. The skyline of this peaceful river town, population 4,500 in 1860, is still dominated by the three steeples of City Hall and . . . Map (db m4721) HM
85 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — War Balloons
During the Civil War, both the Union and Confederate armies performed reconnaissance while suspended from Hot Air Balloons. The Union Army’s use of balloons began in the summer of 1861. After observing civilian balloonist Thaddeus Lowe float in a . . . Map (db m66253) HM WM
86 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — White Oak Church"Seems to Have Belonged to some Former Age"
Across the road stands White Oak Church, an important Civil War landmark during the winter of 1862-1863. Stafford County Baptist constructed the simple weatherboard structure sometime after 1789, later adding an attached shed with a separate . . . Map (db m4254) HM
87 Virginia, Stafford County, Fredericksburg — White Oak MuseumStafford, Virginia — Celebrate 350 ★ 1664 - 2014 ★ Cradle of Opportunity —
This modern road follows the route over which a mule-drawn wagon delivered the body of John Wilkes Booth, President Lincoln's assassin, from Caroline County to Belle Plains for transport to the Navy Yard for an autopsy. Below this location, . . . Map (db m171423) HM
88 Virginia, Stafford County, Hartwood — A Road from Yesteryear
The opening in the woods between this white oak and the red oak to its right indicates the existence of a bygone thoroughfare that predates the present Hartwood Presbyterian Church to the east. This road would have crossed the churchyard, run close . . . Map (db m212835) HM
89 Virginia, Stafford County, Hartwood — The Little Red Barn
This barn, was constructed by John Calvin Stewart on his farm, the former Hartwood Plantation of Robert C. Rodgers, II. The barn was located across Hartwood Road from its present location. It replaced an older barn that burned. In 1993, the . . . Map (db m180959) HM
90 Virginia, Stafford County, Quantico — Bradley Clinic
Dedicated as the Bradley Clinic on 22 September 1995 in honor of Pharmacist's Mate Second Class John H. Bradley United States Navy who served with honor and distinction in the Second Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, Fifth Marine . . . Map (db m7693) HM
91 Virginia, Stafford County, Quantico — Graves HallSecond Lieutenant Terrence Graves — United States Marine Corps —
Third Force Reconnaissance Company Third Reconnaissance Battalion Third Marine Division Awarded the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) for action against enemy forces in the Republic of South Vietnam on 16 February 1968 He gallantly gave his . . . Map (db m101724) HM
92 Virginia, Stafford County, Quantico — Lopez Hall
1st Lt Baldomero Lopez United States Marine Corps Platoon Commander Company A, 1st Battalion, 5th Marines 1st Marine Division, X Corps Posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for actions during the Battle of Inchon, Korea . . . Map (db m79044) WM
93 Virginia, Stafford County, Quantico — Marine Officers Basic Class 6-67
May we never forget to honor and pay tribute to our fellow classmates who paid the ultimate price and sacrificed their lives in Vietnam. Any one of us could have had our name listed, but it was only by God's Grace that we were spared. We hope and . . . Map (db m75753) WM
94 Virginia, Stafford County, Quantico — O'Bannon HallLieutenant Presley N. O'Bannon — United States Marine Corps —
In command of a small mixed naval force, on 27 April 1805, he seized the harbor fortress of Derna, Tripoli, and raised the American Flag for the first time in the old world.Map (db m210948) HM
95 Virginia, Stafford County, Stafford — 10th Special Basic Class
In Memory of these brave Marine Lieutenants of the 10th Special Basic Class who trained here from September 1951 – February 1952. They gallantly gave their lives for their country and Corps during the Korean conflict.      John L. Babson, . . . Map (db m2912) WM
96 Virginia, Stafford County, Stafford — 11th Corps Road
On 15 Feb 1863 Major-General Joseph Hooker directed that the road passing about one mile to the west of Brooke's Station and leading to Stafford Court House be put in condition to be practicable for artillery at all times, corduroying it where . . . Map (db m65213) HM
97 Virginia, Stafford County, Stafford — 13th Special Basic Course (1952)
The 13th Special Basic Course (1952) has erected this monument to honor its members who were killed in the Korean War and to remind those who follow us into the ranks of Marine Corps Officers of their awesome responsibility to our Country, the . . . Map (db m2852) WM
98 Virginia, Stafford County, Stafford — 5th Special Basic Class
(obverse) This monument is dedicated to the 5th Special Basic Class comprised entirely of Marines from the ranks and the first to be based at Camp Barrett 26 May 1951 – 8 September 1951 (reverse) Buried under this monument are . . . Map (db m2857) WM
99 Virginia, Stafford County, Stafford — 6th Marine Division Medal of Honor Recipients
Okinawa Semper Fidelis Dedicated to the 6th Marine Division Medal of Honor Recipients      Corporal      Richard E. Bush,                U.S.M.C.      Major           Henry A. Courtney,   Jr.,    U.S.M.C.      Corporal       James . . . Map (db m2849) WM
100 Virginia, Stafford County, Stafford — 9th Special Basic Class
In Memory of these Courageous Marine Lieutenants of the 9th Special Basic Class who trained here from July 1951 – December 1951. They gallantly gave their lives for their Corps and their Country. Glen Allen James M. Laramore Charels . . . Map (db m2911) WM

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May. 30, 2023