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Old Spanish National Trail Historical Markers

The Old Spanish National Trail covers six states and 2700 miles.
 
The Old Spanish Trail Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, August 29, 2011
The Old Spanish Trail Marker
Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon . . . — Map (db m78535) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Vail — Cienega BridgeBuilt 1921
Has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior September 30, 1988 — Map (db m67763) HM
California (Los Angeles County), El Monte — 975 — El Monte
El Monte, on the bank of the San Gabriel River, played a significant part in California's early pioneer history. It was first an encampment on the Old Spanish Trail, and extension of the trail from Missouri to Sante Fe. By the 1850's some began to . . . — Map (db m50987) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — The Old Spanish TrailEl Antiguo Camino Español — 1829 - 1848
This plaque marks the end of the Old Spanish Trail, an historic pack trail from Santa Fe to the Pueblo of Los Angeles. This trail was used by Mexican traders who brought woolen goods from New Mexico to trade for highly prized California mules and . . . — Map (db m113806) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Gabriel — Old Spanish Trail1829-1848
The Old Spanish Trail was an historic pack trail connecting Santa Fe to the pueblo of Los Angeles. Travelers from Santa Fe aimed for the San Gabriel Mission as a welcome destination and gathering place. Traders brought woolen goods from New Mexico . . . — Map (db m66587) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 622 — Harry Wade Exit Route
Some 100 wagons found themselves in Salt Lake City too late to cross the Sierra Nevada. They banded together under the name of Sand Walking Co. and started for the gold fields in California over the old Spanish Trail. After being in Death Valley . . . — Map (db m54761) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — The Old Spanish Trail
[Text from the bottom panels, left to right] The first explorers kept detailed journals of their expeditions detailing the route taken and the friendly and hostile encounters with Indians along the way. Journals assisted those who followed . . . — Map (db m50615) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Daggett — 98 — Forks of the Road
Three miles north lies the Mojave River and the site of Forks of the Road. This was the junction of two major travel routes: The Old Spanish or Salt Lake Trail and The Ancient Mojave River Trail. In the 1830s and 1840s the Old Spanish Trail saw . . . — Map (db m78556) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Mount Baldy-Wrightwood — 146 — Blue Cut
Cajon Pass, separating the San Bernardino and San Gabriel ranges, has long been an important natural gateway. It is traversed by Indian trails, emigrant routes, railroads, and a superhighway. Early in the nineteenth century it became the southern . . . — Map (db m119252) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Phelan — 154 — Sanford Cutoff
For centuries the Cajon Pass has been an important thoroughfare for travelers and traders between the Mojave Desert and Southern California. Following the route of the Old Spanish Trail, most travelers transited the pass on its east side. This . . . — Map (db m80751) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Rancho Cucamonga — Historic PavementRoute 66
Directly to your right are examples of the types of pavements used in California highway building during the early 1900s. This road was originally part of the Old Spanish Trail, used by early California explorers and settlers as a stagecoach . . . — Map (db m120642) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — Welcome "Caminante" to ...
¡Bienvenidos! Caminantes! Come! Take a walk with us. We know an old song, El Caminante, which tells of taking a long walk along the ancient roads. Like the first prehistoric inhabitants, you too are a ‘caminante’, or one who walks upon this . . . — Map (db m71877) HM
Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — The Old Spanish Trail
Between 1800 and 1850, the Old Spanish Trail became a regional trade route between Santa Fe and California. Dominguez and Escalante traveled through this valley in 1776. Within twenty-five years of their expedition this trail became a . . . — Map (db m71614) HM
Colorado (Saguache County), Saguache — Old Spanish Trail North Branch
This sign marks an important junction of the Old Spanish Trail. Both forks, east and west, of the North Branch of this Trail converged at Saguache before continuing west of Cochetopa Pass and on to Los Angeles. The Old Spanish Trail was the . . . — Map (db m120165) HM
Colorado (Saguache County), Saguache — Saguache
The land around Saguache (pronounced “sah-WATCH”) has been inhabited for thousands of years – first by unnamed nomads, later by the Utes (who camped here seasonally), and later still by Mexican traders bound for California on the . . . — Map (db m120166) HM
Florida (Alachua County), near Alachua — F-325 — Santa Fe de Toloca
A Spanish Mission was established near here within sight of the Santa Fe River about A.D. 1606 by Franciscan missionaries. The river took its name from the mission, as did the modern town of Santa Fe. At one time, Santa Fe de Toloca was said to be . . . — Map (db m64880) HM
Florida (Gadsden County), Chattahoochee — Chattahoochee Landing Mound Group
This prehistoric mound is the largest of seven that once stood here at River Landing Park. Believed to date from the Fort Walton time period (A.D. 900-A.D. 1500), its original appearance was that of a flat-topped pyramid. Archaeologists believe that . . . — Map (db m110893) HM
Florida (Saint Johns County), St. Augustine — Old Spanish Trail Zero Milestone
Old Spanish Trail Zero Milestone St. Augustine Fla. to San Diego Calif. — Map (db m39787) HM
Louisiana (Saint Martin Parish), St. Martinville — Spanish LakeOld Spanish Trail
Spanish Lake is an example of a bluff lake, which forms in areas between the bayou bank and the higher bank that runs along the edge of a river's drainage area.

Spanish Lake, formerly called Lake Flamand and later Lake Tasse (meaning . . . — Map (db m115825) HM

Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — The Evolution of Biloxi Tourism — Historic Biloxi
During the early 19th Century, the Biloxi peninsula was sparsely populated with a few French speaking families. The 1827 establishment of steamboat service between New Orleans and Mobile, via Lake Pontchartrain, served as a catalyst for the . . . — Map (db m102223) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Blue Diamond — 33 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 – 1850
Stretching for 130 miles across Clark County, this historic horse trail became Nevada's first route of commerce in 1829 when trade was initiated between Santa Fe and Los Angles. The trail was later used by the wagons of the "49ers" and Mormon . . . — Map (db m29218) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Goodsprings — Good's Spring
This small spring, first used by Anasazi and Paiute people, also sustained the caravan that pioneered a pack route now known as the Old Spanish Trail. En route to Los Angeles from Santa Fe, trader Antonio Armijo, 60 men and 100 mules camped here on . . . — Map (db m39470) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Henderson — 197 — Arrowhead TrailHenderson
The name, "Arrowhead Trail" likely originated from the former San Pedro, Los Angeles, and Salt Lake Railroad's logo, an arrowhead. Prior to 1850, New Mexican trading caravans from Santa Fe en route to Los Angeles used this segment of the Old Spanish . . . — Map (db m69448) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Henderson — 141 — The Old Spanish Trail – Armijo's Route
On January 8, 1830, the first pack train to pass from Santa Fe, New Mexico to Los Angles crossed Las Vegas Valley. Antonio Armijo, a merchant in Santa Fe, commanded the train and roughly sixty men. The successful completion of the journey opened a . . . — Map (db m29247) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Las Vegas — 142 — Old Spanish TrailMountain Springs Pass
This portion of the Old Spanish Trail was discovered in January, 1830, by Antonio Armijo during his first trip from Santa Fe to Los Angeles. The spring just north of this marker provided excellent water and fed meadows of luxuriant grass for draft . . . — Map (db m29219) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Las Vegas — 214 — Rafael Rivera
This historical marker commemorates the valor and service of pioneer scout Rafael Rivera, the first Caucasian of record to view and traverse Las Vegas valley. Scouting for Antonia Armijo's sixty man trading party from Abiquiu, N.M. in January 1830. . . . — Map (db m29167) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Mesquite — 31 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1850
Stretching for 130 miles across Clark County, this historic horse trail became Nevada’s first route of commerce in 1829 when trade was initiated between Santa Fe and Los Angeles. The trail was later used by the wagons of the “49ers” and . . . — Map (db m1414) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Mesquite — 56 — Virgin Valley
Virgin Valley was traveled by Jedediah Smith in 1826 and by Fremont in 1844. The valley served as the right-of-way for the Old Spanish Trail (1829-1848) and for the Mormon road or southern route of travel to southern California. The areas . . . — Map (db m1279) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Moapa Valley — 36 — Moapa Valley
Rich in prehistoric, pueblo-type culture, and noted by the explorer Jedediah Smith in 1826, Moapa Valley is crossed by the Old Spanish Trail. In 1865 Brigham Young sent 75 families to settle the area, to grow cotton for the people of Utah, and . . . — Map (db m46780) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Mountain Springs — 34 — The Old Spanish Trail1829-1850
Stretching for 130 miles across Clark County, this historic horse trail became Nevada's first route of commerce in 1829 when trade was initiated between Santa Fe and Los Angeles. The trail was later used by the wagons of the "49'ers" and Mormon . . . — Map (db m89437) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Sandy Valley — Sandy Valley
Originally known as Mesquite Valley, this area was first crossed in the 1850s by the Kingston Cutoff by the Old Spanish Trail. The first settlers did not arrive until 1876, when Miguel Navares began mining salt for the nearby Ivanpah mines. The . . . — Map (db m107136) HM
New Mexico (Hidalgo County), Lordsburg — LordsburgElevation 4,245
Lordsburg was founded in 1880 on the route of the Southern Pacific Railroad, near that used by the Butterfield Overland Mail Co., 1858-1861. The town was named for Delbert Lord, an engineer with the railroad. In 1927, Charles Lindbergh landed his . . . — Map (db m38244) HM
New Mexico (Hidalgo County), Lordsburg — LordsburgElevation 4,245
Lordsburg was founded in 1880 on the route of the Southern Pacific Railroad, near that used by the Butterfield Overland Mail Co., 1858-1861. The town was named for Delbert Lord, an engineer with the railroad. In 1927, Charles Lindbergh landed his . . . — Map (db m73727) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — The Old Spanish Trail
The Old Spanish Trail from Santa Fe to Los Angeles. In the years 1829 to 1848 pack mule trains regularly left the Santa Fe Plaza and northern New Mexico carrying woolen goods produced in New Mexico bound for California. Horses and mules were . . . — Map (db m64852) HM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Zero Milestone Old Spanish Trail
St. Augustine Pensacola – Mobile New Orleans – Houston San Antonio El Paso – Tucson – Yuma San Diego Dedicated by Governor Pat M. Neff March 27, 1924 Erected by the San Antonio City Federation of . . . — Map (db m60767) HM
Texas (Liberty County), Liberty — 13537 — Ott Hotel
Built to capitalize on oil boom prosperity, the Ott Hotel became a Liberty landmark. The regional economy in the early 20th century focused on trade, timber and agriculture. The discovery of large oil fields, including Batson (15 mi. NE) and South . . . — Map (db m116824) HM
Utah (Iron County), Paragonah — Paragonah Town Square
This area, a part of the Great Basin, has evolved from the time of Lake Bonneville. It has known Anasazi Indian civilizations as evidenced by nearby ruins. It has seen the Dominguez-Escalante expedition of 1776 which passed west of this valley. It . . . — Map (db m59620) HM
Utah (Kane County), Kanab — Exploration and ColonizationThe Early Settlers
The Ancient Ones Evidence of the Anasazi's footsteps across the high plateaus of the area date back 2000 years. They were cliff dwellers who hunted deer and mountain sheep, and farmed the land. The Anasazi reached the peak of their culture . . . — Map (db m41366) HM
Utah (Kane County), Paria — Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
Old Spanish Trail Where you are standing, Antonio Armijo and 60 men once ventured from New Mexico to California hoping to find a new trade route in 1829. Following established Native American trails, the explorers traveled through dry, rugged . . . — Map (db m95009) HM
Utah (Millard County), Delta — 447 — Gunnison Massacre Site
In 1853, Captain John W. Gunnison was selected to lead an expedition to find a trans-continental railroad route. He followed the Old Spanish Trail through Salina Canyon, over the mountains to Pahvant Valley, and upon reaching Fillmore, visited his . . . — Map (db m69536) HM
Utah (San Juan County), Monticello — Hole N” The Rock, Utah
This location has been a travelers’ resting place for two centuries. Beginning in 1829, horse teams on the Old Spanish Trail between Santa Fe and California stopped here for the abundant spring water and shade. After the settlement of Mormon . . . — Map (db m92547) HM
Utah (San Juan County), Monticello — Sod Roof CabinA Spanish-American Home
Hispanics have a very long history in the Southwest, dating back to the early 1600s. The Old Spanish Trail trade from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to California, passed through San Juan County near Monticello. There were no supply stations nor permanent . . . — Map (db m95127) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — The Old Spanish Trail and The California Road
An arduous 1,200-mile route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, the "Old Spanish Trail" passed through Mountain Meadows during its heyday, between 1830 and 1848. The trail served traders who loaded their pack mules with woolen goods from Santa Fe each . . . — Map (db m114259) HM
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — 159 — Snowfield Monument"Franciscan Fathers"
October 13, 1776: "We set out southward from the small river and campsite of Nuestra Senora del Pilar ("Our Lady of the Pillar" – Kolob Canyon of Zion Canyon National Park)…" and…"We traveled a league and a half to the south, . . . — Map (db m59468) HM

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