“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Marion County, Florida

Clickable Map of Marion County, Florida and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Marion County, FL (54) Alachua County, FL (148) Citrus County, FL (49) Lake County, FL (47) Levy County, FL (11) Putnam County, FL (52) Sumter County, FL (58) Volusia County, FL (324)  MarionCounty(54) Marion County (54)  AlachuaCounty(148) Alachua County (148)  CitrusCounty(49) Citrus County (49)  LakeCounty(47) Lake County (47)  LevyCounty(11) Levy County (11)  PutnamCounty(52) Putnam County (52)  SumterCounty(58) Sumter County (58)  VolusiaCounty(324) Volusia County (324)
Adjacent to Marion County, Florida
    Alachua County (148)
    Citrus County (49)
    Lake County (47)
    Levy County (11)
    Putnam County (52)
    Sumter County (58)
    Volusia County (324)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Florida (Marion County), Dunellon — Rainbow Springs
Rainbow Springs has been designated a Registered Natural Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in illustrating the natural history of the United States U.S. . . . Map (db m13618) HM
2Florida (Marion County), Dunnellon — 17 — Badly WoundedFlorida De Soto Trail — August 11, 1539 —
It’s August 11, 1539… Hernando de Soto has taken a small force of 60 cavalry and 100 foot soldiers north through Timucuan territory towards the land of the Apalachee - I have entrusted Captain Moscoso to lead the army north, while I . . . Map (db m126580) HM
3Florida (Marion County), Dunnellon — Pruitt TrailheadMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
Human Hands Changed the Land A mile east of here, you will encounter some rugged terrain. It's left over from a ship canal dug during the Great Depression. Some 8,000 men shoveled tons of sand and dirt onto mule-drawn carts and trucks, swatting . . . Map (db m167503) HM
4Florida (Marion County), Dunnellon — 16 — Rest for the WearyFlorida De Soto Trail — July 29, 1539 —
It’s July 29, 1539… De Soto’s weary and starving army arrives at the village of Ocale - We found the village abandoned but full of food and supplies. I ordered my men to rest and then gather enough provisions for the next several . . . Map (db m126579) HM
5Florida (Marion County), Dunnellon — Ross PrairieMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
Welcome to the Summit Ross Prairie is a wetland surrounded by a high-and-dry ecosystem known as sandhills. The plants and animals here live on ancient sand dunes, leftovers from when the ocean was higher. This area's topography presented a . . . Map (db m167505) HM
6Florida (Marion County), Dunnellon — F-4 — Site of the Discovery of Phosphate in Florida
One block to the south is the site of the discovery of hard rock phosphate in Florida by Albertus Vogt in 1889. It made Dunnellon a boom town and first center of the industry. The Tiger Rag, Early Bird and Eagle mines were among the most valuable. . . . Map (db m67058) HM
7Florida (Marion County), Fort McCoy — Eureka West Recreation AreaMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
History Hidden in the Trees Across the river, concealed by trees, lies a relic from a largely forgotten episode in Florida's history. The Eureka Lock and Dam were built in the 1960s but never used. They were part of the Cross Florida Barge . . . Map (db m167896) HM
8Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 2 — A Beautiful PlaceHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"The Island is flat and sandy with abundant wildlife. Numerous lakes and stands of trees also mark the landscape." Alvar Hunez Cabeza deVace Journal Entry, 1536 The geographic area that comprises the present-day Cross Florida Greenway has been . . . Map (db m166902) HM
9Florida (Marion County), Ocala — A Tribe Lost: TimicuaHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Who were "Americans" first? At least several hundred years before Crackers migrated from England and Scotland to the USA, and then wandered down the eastern seaboard to Florida in the 1800s Well before the Seminoles sought refuge in Florida . . . Map (db m167206) HM
10Florida (Marion County), Ocala — F-1003 — American National Thrift Association Hospital
In 1905, Dr. Richard Samuel Hughes II graduated from Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, the second oldest African American medical school in the country. After moving to Ocala in 1908, Dr. Hughes helped form the American National . . . Map (db m120370) HM
11Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Baseline TrailheadMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
From the Gulf — to Golf Imagine playing disc golf surrounded by bulldozers and workers digging! Just north of here, the Ocala Greenway Disc Golf Course sits within the remnants of the Atlantic-Gulf Ship Canal. By 1936, workers had . . . Map (db m167506) HM
12Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Brick City Feverby artist Cliff Fink
On Thanksgiving Day, November 29th, 1883 fire broke out in Ocala. All of the buildings on the east side of today’s SE 1st Avenue from Silver Springs Boulevard to Fort King Street were destroyed. Five blocks of the business district were left in . . . Map (db m72921) HM
13Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Canal BuildingHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Roosevelt EraThe Cross Florida Canal got its start during the Great Depression years. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's efforts to revive the nation's ailing economy involved a wide array of projects and jobs funded by tax-payers. The . . . Map (db m166868) HM
14Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Canal StoppingHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
What Changed? For nearly 500 years, the idea for a Cross Florida Ship and Barge Canal had been kept alive. There were several driving forces. • Hiding Caribbean gold shipments from pirates until fleets of protected ships sailed to . . . Map (db m166910) HM
15Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Cat FaceHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
What do you think about when you see a long-leaf pine tree? If you had lived in North Carolina 100 or more years ago, pine trees might have caused you to think about turpentine and the Original Vicks Vapo-Rub. Household cleaners, medicine for . . . Map (db m167208) HM
16Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 8 — Conclusive Federal ActionHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"I am today ordering a halt to further construction of the Cross Florida Barge Canal to prevent serious environmental damage. "The Council on Environmental Quality has recommended to me that the project be halted, and I accept its advice. The . . . Map (db m166909) HM
17Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 7 — Deliberate StrategyHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"...the key to success in any conservation effort: Get the facts and then act… If you get the facts, the press will tell your story, government agencies will take action, legal suits will be documented, and presidents may intervene on your behalf." . . . Map (db m166908) HM
18Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 6 — Environmental Victory NearsHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"In view of this unprecedented expression of opposition to continuing the Cross Florida Barge Canal by candidates for public office in Florida [petitions and resolutions] we respectfully call on you to implement a moratorium on construction of the . . . Map (db m166906) HM
19Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Evergreen Cemetery
Reserved on July 8th, 1850, as the first public burial ground for Ocala. Here are graves of those who founded the County Seat, of others here during its early years, and of Confederate and Union veterans of the Civil War. Nearby are interred . . . Map (db m66993) HM
20Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Florida CrackersHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Some of the early migrants to the Greenway were known for whips and storytelling. Discover what happened. Discover The Island. Florida’s Crackers were mostly, it's said to be, English pioneer settlers and their descendants who began coming to . . . Map (db m167205) HM
21Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Florida Seminole Nations HistoryHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Florida Seminole. After the Third Seminole War (1858), nearly 3,000 Indians were forcibly sent to the Oklahoma Territory. A small number of Seminoles continued to live in relative isolation in southern Florida into the 1900s. Flood control and . . . Map (db m167203) HM
22Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Florida SeminolesHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Early Migrants More Than Snowbirds The earliest migrants to Florida, determined by archeological evidence, date back to 500 A. D. Among them were the Deptford People, the Weeden Island People, the St. John's People and the Timican . . . Map (db m167202) HM
23Florida (Marion County), Ocala — F-65 — Fort King
On a nearby knoll stood Fort King, important military outpost during the removal of the Florida Indians. Adjacent to a Seminole agency established in 1825, it was named for Col. William King and first occupied in 1827. Outside the stockade, on . . . Map (db m150855) HM
24Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Fort King Burying Ground
This marks the burying ground of the soldiers and civilians who died at Fort King during the Seminole War 1835-1842. Fort King occupied the hill to the north-east and was established as a military post in 1827.Map (db m92978) HM
25Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 3 — Great Depression Public Works ProjectHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"...Requesting the assistance and cooperation of every available federal agency in order to make possible, at an early date, commencement of construction on a ship canal across the peninsula." Message from Florida's Legislature to President . . . Map (db m166903) HM
26Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Green MonstersHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
The Crusher Green life was a major factor between those who opposed the Cross Florida Canal and those who backed it. The sharpest point of contention was the Ocklawaha River basin, as well as the environmental catastrophe that evolved after . . . Map (db m166914) HM
27Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Greenway GreenlifeHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Explorer Ponce de Leon called the panhandle between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico "La Florida" which means "the flowery place." What he saw was untamed wilderness. "Untamed" is a good indicator of the way green things grow here. What . . . Map (db m166912) HM
28Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 1 — Historical PerspectiveHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"Your majesty: In order to protect your interests [land and gold] in La Florida, we must discover or construct a passage across this peninsula." The Essence of an Historic Communication by Spanish Explorer Pedro Menendez Aviles to Spain's King . . . Map (db m166901) HM
29Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Historical Sketch
The group which later became known as the Church of God By Faith came in existence in the year of 1914 when Crawford Bright met Mother Delia Scippio in route to Jacksonville, Florida who had already received the Holy Ghost in a meeting in Valdosta, . . . Map (db m150433) HM
30Florida (Marion County), Ocala — History of Santos Community
In 1882, John A. Cole and his family established the community of Santos and named it for the town in Brazil where he and his family lived following the American Civil War. When Cole and his family returned to the United States, they . . . Map (db m166862) HM
31Florida (Marion County), Ocala — History: Cows & HorsesHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
A Long Way from Home. Explorer Ponce de Leon brought horses on his second journey from Spain to La Florida. The horses were to be used by his officers, scouts and livestock herders. Spanish equines were known for their speed and agility, . . . Map (db m167209) HM
32Florida (Marion County), Ocala — History: CropsHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
World Reputation. The Greenway region has been referred to historically as the "Agricultural Heart of the South." It was also called the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy" and the "Breadbasket of Florida." Farm products from this region are still . . . Map (db m167207) HM
33Florida (Marion County), Ocala — History: Monkeys & BoarsHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Tarzan Did It. A legend has been passed along over the decades that the wild monkeys around Silver Spring State Park got there because of competition swimmer-actor Johnny Weismuller. He starred in Tarzan Finds a Son! (1939), which was . . . Map (db m167210) HM
34Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Landbridge EastMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
From Separation to Connection High above Interstate 75, this landbridge was the first of its kind in the country. The land it sits on was originally intended to be part of a massive canal across Florida. The canal would have split the state in . . . Map (db m166698) HM
35Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Landbridge WestMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
Transforming the Land — Twice! The land you're standing on was once part of a major engineering feat. Men and machines toiled to move about 13 million cubic yards of dirt. They were building the sea level Atlantic-Gulf Ship Canal. The men . . . Map (db m166699) HM
36Florida (Marion County), Ocala — F-743 — Marion County Confederate Memorial Marker
On May 1, 1908, the John J. Dickison Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) dedicated this monument to honor the Confederate dead. To erect the monument, the UDC collected $1,500 from its members, schoolchildren (donating pennies), . . . Map (db m90555) HM WM
37Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Marjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
Where Progress Meets Preservation Imagine a 200-mile channel across Florida, connecting the Gulf of Mexico with the Atlantic Ocean. The Cross Florida Barge Canal would have been like a moat, separating people and wildlife on either side. This . . . Map (db m166700) HM
38Florida (Marion County), Ocala — F-415 — Marshall Plantation Site
A short distance north of here stood the sugar plantation of Jehu Foster Marshall, established in 1855. At the start of the Civil War in 1861, Marshall was named a colonel in the Confederate Army and soon commanded one of General Wade Hampton's . . . Map (db m167953) HM
39Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Marshall SwampMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
Imagine This Spot Underwater If the Cross Florida Barge Canal had been built in the 1960s as planned, Marshall Swamp would be 13 feet underwater. The swamp sat in the path of the Dosh Reservoir. Plans called for flooding 20 miles of the . . . Map (db m167900) HM
40Florida (Marion County), Ocala — OcalaMarion County
In 1539 Spanish explorers under Hernando de Soto discovered in this vicinity a populous native country called Ocali. From this Timucuan name is derived Ocala, a designation distinctive among the oldest place-names of Florida. Marion County, named . . . Map (db m90554) HM
41Florida (Marion County), Ocala — F-74 — Ocala Demands
In December, 1890, Ocala was host to a meeting of the National Farmers' Alliance. Sessions, attended by 88 delegates and hundreds of visitors, were held at the Opera House and the Semi-Tropical Exposition Building. A state-wide agricultural . . . Map (db m90552) HM
42Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Oklahoma Seminole Nations HistoryHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
Oklahoma Seminoles. The Seminole Nation in the State of Oklahoma is the largest of the three recognized Seminole governments in the United States. They are descendants of the 3,000 Seminoles who were forcibly removed from Florida in the middle . . . Map (db m167204) HM
43Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Old Canal LandfillMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
Landfill Legacy Nearby is a landfill that was used during the construction of a massive canal across Florida. Engineers and workers operating huge machines dug about a third of the canal in the 1960s. The project was never completed, but its . . . Map (db m166776) HM
44Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 5 — Opposition to the CanalHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"Incited by selfish interests and from a purely mercenary motive, an effort is now being made, through construction of a cross-state canal, to mar and at least, in part, destroy the region's beauty, fertility and health." Hillsborough County Board . . . Map (db m166905) HM
45Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Port SantosHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
History of Santos Founders and Families In 1882, John A. Cole and his family (black Americans) established Santos, naming it after a village in Brazil (South America) where they had gone to start a new life following the American Civil War. . . . Map (db m166911) HM
46Florida (Marion County), Ocala — 4 — Protective PerspectiveHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"Even a shallow canal would pollute the aquifer because of the porosity of the underlying rock structure… barge traffic would jeopardize both surface and ground water with the threat of oil spills and leakage from vessels and the wash-off of . . . Map (db m166904) HM
47Florida (Marion County), Ocala — Shangri-La DiggingsMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
High and Dry in the Sandhill Look around — do you notice sandy soil and pine trees? This habitat is called sandhill. It grows on ancient sand dunes left behind when sea levels were higher. Sandhill is now exceptionally rare. It's ideal . . . Map (db m167504) HM
48Florida (Marion County), Ocala — The Canal StoryHistoric Florida Barge Canal Trail
"La Florida" Became Part of World Commerce [panel 1] 1507 • Explorer Ponce de Leon claims "La Florida" for Spain and recommends canal to King to protect gold carrying ships to Spain. 1763-1802 • Eastern Florida passes from Spain . . . Map (db m166900) HM
49Florida (Marion County), Ocala — F-379 — The Old Courthouse Square
Designated as a Public Square in the original Ocala plat of 1846, this location was the site of Marion County’s first permanent courthouse built in 1851. It was a two-story frame building of Colonial design. The second courthouse was erected on this . . . Map (db m90553) HM
50Florida (Marion County), Salt Springs — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773 - 1777 — Deep South Region —
In 1774, William Bartram visited Salt Springs, his six-mile springs, and proclaimed it a "Paradise of Fish"Map (db m48682) HM
51Florida (Marion County), Silver Springs — From Disaster to Award-Winning Design
On June 17, 1955, a fire "of undetermined origin" raced through several of the attractive, 1949 Spanish-style buildings, including the gift shop, café, and offices. Victor A. Lundy, an architect from Sarasota, was selected to design the new . . . Map (db m132198) HM
52Florida (Marion County), Silver Springs — Osceola1804-1838
October 23, 1834, the Seminole Indians met in council at these springs to discuss demands of the United States for their removal to the West. Osceola, then an obscure sub-chief, swayed the council with his oratory and set the Indians against . . . Map (db m132200) HM
53Florida (Marion County), Silver Springs — F-852 — Paradise Park at Silver Springs
Paradise Park was a theme park for African Americans established in 1949 by Carl Ray and W.M. "Shorty" Davidson, the owners of nearby Silver Springs. The park was located on the south side of the Silver River, about ½ mile away from Silver . . . Map (db m167987) HM
54Florida (Marion County), Silver Springs — Steamboats at the Spring
The first paddle-wheel steamboat to operate in northeast Florida was the Florida in 1834, running once a week from Savannah, Georgia to Picolata on the St. Johns River. After the Civil War, in late 1860s, travelers from northern states . . . Map (db m132199) HM
May. 16, 2021