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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Allegany County, Maryland

 
Clickable Map of Allegany County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Allegany County, MD (281) Garrett County, MD (133) Washington County, MD (858) Bedford County, PA (93) Fulton County, PA (46) Somerset County, PA (103) Hampshire County, WV (72) Mineral County, WV (65) Morgan County, WV (105)  AlleganyCounty(281) Allegany County (281)  GarrettCounty(133) Garrett County (133)  WashingtonCounty(858) Washington County (858)  BedfordCountyPennsylvania(93) Bedford County (93)  FultonCounty(46) Fulton County (46)  SomersetCounty(103) Somerset County (103)  HampshireCountyWest Virginia(72) Hampshire County (72)  MineralCounty(65) Mineral County (65)  MorganCounty(105) Morgan County (105)
Cumberland is the county seat for Allegany County
Adjacent to Allegany County, Maryland
      Garrett County (133)  
      Washington County (858)  
      Bedford County, Pennsylvania (93)  
      Fulton County, Pennsylvania (46)  
      Somerset County, Pennsylvania (103)  
      Hampshire County, West Virginia (72)  
      Mineral County, West Virginia (65)  
      Morgan County, West Virginia (105)  
 
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Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland (Allegany County), Barrellville — Barrellville Honor Roll
World War I and World War II Veterans Abucevicz, Chester • Abucevicz, Constantine • Abucevicz, George • Abucevicz, Theodore • Abucevicz, Velentina • Anderson, Robert • Bartgis, Nellie • Bennet, Hobert • Bingman, Robert • Booth, . . . Map (db m134391) WM
2Maryland (Allegany County), Barton — Major Robert E. Townley
In loving memory of Major Robert E. Townley, Strategic Air Command, May 3, 1921 - Jan. 13, 1964.Map (db m67308) WM
3Maryland (Allegany County), Barton — The Crash of Buzz One Four
Near this site, at 1:42 am on January 13th 1964, a B-52 bomber, call sign "Buzz One Four", crashed during a blizzard. The plane, with a crew of five, was armed with two 9-megaton nuclear weapons. Four of the five crew members ejected from the plane. . . . Map (db m96446) HM
4Maryland (Allegany County), Bellegrove — Billmeyer Game Refuge
656 acres, purchased December 15th, 1923, from Frank Billmeyer; from Hunter's License Fund, for the purpose of propagating game.Map (db m199927) HM
5Maryland (Allegany County), Clarysville — Clarysville General HospitalCenter for Healing
The Clarysville Inn once stood in front of you to the right. In this tavern, and in a complex of buildings constructed around it, the United States established a general hospital during the Civil War. On March 6, 1862, U.S. soldiers commandeered . . . Map (db m37540) HM
6Maryland (Allegany County), Corriganville — Corriganville Honor Roll
In memory of our service men and women who lost their lives in the line of duty and to honor those who served in our Armed Forces.Map (db m134392) WM
7Maryland (Allegany County), Cresaptown — Brady's CrossingPartisan Ranger Raid
In the early morning darkness on February 21, 1865, Lt. Jesse McNeill and his 66 Partisan Rangers (Confederate guerrillas) descended Knobly Mountain and stopped briefly at the residence of Felix R. Seymour, a Southern sympathizer. They then forded . . . Map (db m4680) HM
8Maryland (Allegany County), Cresaptown — Veterans Memorial
This memorial has been placed in Cresaptown Maryland in honor of those who served their country in the armed forces, and in memory of those who gave the supreme sacrifice for the United States of America. WWII WWII Supreme . . . Map (db m199922) WM
9Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — "Braddock's Road"
Near this point, on June 10, 1755, after nearly a month's delay at Fort Cumberland, Braddock's troops started towards Fort Duquesne to wrest it from the French. On July 9, 1755, he met his terrible defeat at the Monongahela.Map (db m155433) HM
10Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — “The Narrows”
One of the most picturesque spots around Cumberland. Discovered by Spendelow after the road over Wills Mountain had been constructed by General Braddock. Adopted as the route of the Cumberland Road (The National Road) 1833. The old stone bridge . . . Map (db m187070) HM
11Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 112 Washington Street
19th Century Greek Revival Home Built 1853 Shields Residence National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m179062) HM
12Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 208 Washington Street
Circa 1869 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District 208 Washington Street Mary Susan Cerutti Historic Preservation Award 2015 Presented by the Cumberland Historic Preservation . . . Map (db m187071) HM
13Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 211 Washington Street
ca. 1901 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m178400) HM
14Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 212 Washington Street
Built 1876 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m179161) HM
15Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 213 Washington Street
Built ca. 1845 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m134399) HM
16Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 217 Washington Street
Built ca. 1900 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m134400) HM
17Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 222 Washington Street
Built ca. 1894 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m134401) HM
18Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 301 Washington Street
Built ca. 1860 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m134403) HM
19Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 30th Regiment Infantry U.S.C.T.
1991 Sumner Cemetery Union Soldiers Project was instituted by the Cumberland Historic Cemetery Organization Foundation, founded 1983 Volunteers from southern and eastern MD formed Feb. 1864. The 30th participated in the Wilderness Campaign . . . Map (db m187076) HM WM
20Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 406 Washington Street
Built ca. 1876 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180452) HM
21Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 505 Washington Street
Amick House Built Circa 1905 Cumberland Architect George Sansbury National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180182) HM
22Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 515 Washington Street
Woman's Civic Club Of Cumberland BUILT ca. 1855 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180338) HM
23Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 516 Washington Street
Holtzman House Built 1890 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180388) HM
24Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 519 Washington Street
Built 1890 The Henderson Home National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m180231) HM
25Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 527 Washington Street
Built ca. 1865 Lowdermilk House National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180454) HM
26Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 528 Washington Street
528 Built 1895 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m180042) HM
27Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 600 Washington Street
John S. Seibert Architect BUILT 1904 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180294) HM
28Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 601 Washington Street
Walsh Home Built 1895 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180103) HM
29Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 602 Washington Street
Built 1890 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180098) HM
30Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 604 Washington Street
Home of George F. Sansbury Architect C. 1903 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180004) HM
31Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 606 Washington Street
J. Thurston Boyd House C. 1903 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m180710) HM
32Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 607 Washington Street
SLOAN HOUSE BUILT 1902 Architect Silas Wise National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m180990) HM
33Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 610 Washington Street
BUILT 1898 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m180535) HM
34Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 611 Washington Street
Built 1901 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m181030) HM
35Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 615 Washington Street
CIRCA 1890 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m180849) HM
36Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 617 Washington Street
THE CARRIAGE HOUSE Built 1890 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m180951) HM
37Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — 632 Washington Street
BUILT 1911 Architect: George F. Sansbury National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m181123) HM
38Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — A Boom for CumberlandThe National Road Meets the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad — The Historic National Road / The Road That Built The Nation —
The National Road and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad came together at this spot in 1842 at Cumberland’s first railroad station. For a few years, it was necessary for passengers and freight to transfer from railroad cars to coach and wagon for the . . . Map (db m81402) HM
39Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — A Canal Boat Replica—The Cumberland
The Cumberland is a full scale replica canal boat, measuring approximately 93 feet long and 14.5 feet wide. It was constructed in 1976 as a Bicentennial project the C&O Canal of Cumberland, Maryland, Inc. (COCCM), a non-profit organization . . . Map (db m140080) HM
40Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — A Home on the Boat—The Captain's Cabin
For the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal boatmen and their family or crew, the captain's cabin was their living quarters on the boat. About 10 feet by 14 feet in size, the cabin served as the eating and sleeping area for as few as two and as many as 8-10 . . . Map (db m140155) HM
41Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Abandonment of Ft. CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Fort Cumberland was garrisoned from 1754 to 1765. During this period, there was bickering between Maryland and Virginia as to how the fort should be maintained and whose control it was under. In early 1756, Colonel Washington favored a small . . . Map (db m17708) HM
42Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Algonquian Hotel
Algonquian Hotel has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Circa 1926 Map (db m139109) HM
43Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Ali Ghan Shriners Legion of Honor
In honor of those who servedMap (db m199923) WM
44Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Allegany County
. . . Map (db m155435) HM
45Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Allegany County AcademyCivil War Hospital
During the Civil War, enormous numbers of sick and wounded soldiers overwhelmed both medical science and available hospitals. Approximately fifteen buildings in Cumberland were pressed into service to care for the maimed and ill. Besides . . . Map (db m139091) HM
46Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Allegany County LibraryCumberland Free Public Library
Top Name of Cumberland Free Public Library changed to Allegany County Library July 1, 1960 Bottom 1798 • First public school in Western Maryland incorporated under Act of 1798 as "Visitors of Allegany County School." 1824 • School name changed to . . . Map (db m17676) HM
47Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Alteration of the Site — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Many changes have been made to the landscape on which Fort Cumberland stood. The street behind you was cut from the hillside and the earth removed used by the canal company. the bluff to your left in front of the church once extended on a nearly . . . Map (db m18757) HM
48Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — American Revolutionary WarCapt. David Lynn
May God Have Mercy on the Holy Souls of all men that fought & died in our nations first war of independence we honor these great heros for their sacrifice in history. God bless the United States of America. Amen This stone column, a lone . . . Map (db m180165) HM
49Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — B’er Chayim (Well of Life) CongregationDedicated March 2, 1867
Jewish citizenry in Cumberland can be documented back to 1816. By 1853 twelve Jewish families had taken residence in this growing city of 6150 people. It was this small group which applied to the Maryland General Assembly for an Act incorporating . . . Map (db m134329) HM
50Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Baltimore Street BridgeCity of Cumberland, Maryland — Built 1916 —
West of this bridge, now the site of Emmanuel Church, was located Fort Cumberland, whence, in, 1755, the expedition against Fort Duquesne was led by General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington. On this site were located wooden . . . Map (db m139108) HM
51Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Bane House
Bane House 1922 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic DistrictMap (db m134404) HM
52Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Beginning Of National Pike
Beg. of National Pike as located in 1805, relocated in 1903. S.D. Young.Map (db m187083) HM
53Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Bell Tower
Bell Tower First Jail and Police Station Erected 1886 Named to National Register Feb. 20, 1973Map (db m134398) HM
54Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Boat Building at the Cumberland BasinChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Cumberland, the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, was the location where the George's Creek coal from western Allegany County was transferred from the short line railroads to canal boats for shipment east. Cumberland was also the . . . Map (db m67484) HM
55Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Brush Tunnel
The Brush Tunnel was built in 1911, constructed of reinforced concrete, and designed for two tracks. The tunnel is located on the Connellsville Extension of the Western Maryland Railway in Cash Valley, four miles west of Cumberland. The . . . Map (db m171274) HM
56Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — C&O Canal TerminusC&O Canal N.H.P., Maryland — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was planned to link the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay with Pittsburgh and the Ohio River Valley. Construction began at Georgetown in 1828; by 1850 only 184 of the 365 miles were complete. Financial . . . Map (db m140078) HM
57Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Canada Hose Company No. 1
Built by volunteer firemen 1845 Canada Company organized 1830 Cumberland Hose Company organized 1839 Equipment included : Gooseneck fire engine – four ladders – three hooks – three axes and 30 dollars a gift of the . . . Map (db m134393) HM
58Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Capture of GeneralsCapture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George Crook — Nights, February 21–22, 1865 —
A company of Confederates, young men from Cumberland, Maryland, Hampshire and Hardy Counties, West Virginia, captured several picket posts, obtained the countersign “Bulls Gap,” rode into the city, captured two commanding Union Generals, Kelly . . . Map (db m490) HM
59Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Capture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George CrookNights, February 21–22, 1865
A company of Confederates, young men from Cumberland, Maryland, Hampshire and Hardy Counties, West Virginia, captured several picket posts, obtained the countersign “Bulls Gap,” rode into the city, captured two commanding Union Generals, Kelly . . . Map (db m81416) HM
60Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church
A building on this site Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church May 11, 1794 "Mother of Lutheranism" in Allegany Co. Map (db m81506) HM
61Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Church of Saint PatrickCumberland, Maryland
The Cumberland Roman Catholic Parish was established in 1790 by Father Dennis Cahill, a missionary working in Western Maryland. A log church dedicated to Mary the Mother of God was soon erected in 1791 at the front of the parish property. . . . Map (db m134395) HM
62Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Church of St. Patrick, Cumberland
A log chapel dedicated to St. Mary was built on this site in 1791. The first parishioners were mostly English Catholics from Southern Maryland. A brick church replaced the log building in 1939. Cumberland became a major center of transportation and . . . Map (db m134394) HM
63Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Civil War in Allegany CountyStrategic Location
During the Civil War, thousands of United States soldiers were stationed here in Cumberland and Allegany County to guard against raids and incursions by Confederate forces. Located only about 130 miles from the capital at Washington. D.C., and a . . . Map (db m1049) HM
64Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Civil War Soldiers Monument
This monument erected with contributions of citizens, to honor the men of our county, who fought for the Union 1861-65. By Cumberland Woman's Relief Corps. Dedicated Memorial Day May 30 1895.Map (db m165397) WM
65Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Joshua Fry
Memorial in honor of Col. Joshua Fry Born c. 1700 in England 1731 • Professor of mathematics at William and Mary College, Planter in Albemarle County, Virginia, Member of House of Burgesses, First presiding judge of Albemarle County, . . . Map (db m187084) HM
66Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Thomas Cresap
In Memory of Col. Thomas Cresap Pathfinder - Pioneer - Patriot - Built the first home and fort in this county at Oldtown, about 1740 Surveyed the first trail to the west, starting near this spot in 1751 His Sons - - - Daniel Cresap for whom . . . Map (db m17778) HM
67Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Constitution Park
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our . . . Map (db m176348) HM
68Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Crossroads of America Mural
About this sign The outline drawing above represents the heritage-themed mural to your right. The mural is organized chronologically into sections. Each section is described here, with accompanying historic images.. . . . Map (db m140048) HM
69Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Crossroads of America Mural
About this sign The outline drawing above represents the heritage-themed mural to your right. The mural is organized chronologically into sections. Each section is described here, with accompanying historic images.. Prior . . . Map (db m140051) HM
70Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandStrategic Center
In 1860, Cumberland was a small town of 7,302 residents, most of whom lived in the valley of Will’s Creek. The town was an important stop on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. When the Civil . . . Map (db m14038) HM
71Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandStrategic Center
In 1860, Cumberland was a small town of 7,302 residents, most of whom lived in the valley of Will’s Creek. The town was an important stop on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. When the Civil . . . Map (db m17674) HM
72Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandTown Map and Directory — Cumberland - The Place To Visit, The Place To Live —
Downtown The Downtown Cumberland Mall is the main shopping and dining district for the city. The brick street is lined with large multi-story commercial buildings, which were built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These buildings . . . Map (db m139110) HM
73Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandTown Map and Directory
Downtown Cumberland The Flood of March 29, 1924 inflicted almost $5 million worth of destruction in the City of Cumberland. Telephone, telegraph, roads and electric wires were washed away. Though not as bad, another flood occurred on May 12th . . . Map (db m139111) HM
74Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland
In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 . . . Map (db m139113) HM
75Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland City Hall
Cumberland City Hall Named to the National Register of Historic Places March 1973Map (db m134396) HM
76Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Gateway Westward — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Will's Creek Settlement, later known as Cumberland, served as a major gateway for trade, military campaigns against the French, and settlement beyond the mountains in our growing nation. "The New Storehouses" of the Ohio Company were across the . . . Map (db m17783) HM
77Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland SurrendersBetween the Line — Gettysburg Campaign —
In June 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered Gen. John D. Imboden to protect the army's left flank as it marched north through the Shenandoah Valley. Imboden was to draw Union forces into Hampshire County, West Virginia, and destroy . . . Map (db m139122) HM
78Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and TodayChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Independence Day, July 4th, 1828, would be an important day for Cumberland, Maryland. On that day, far to the east, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad both broke ground. The finish line of these companies' race was the . . . Map (db m67478) HM
79Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and TodayChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Independence Day, July 4th, 1828, would be an important day for Cumberland, Maryland. On that day, far to the east, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad both broke ground. The finish line of these companies' race was the . . . Map (db m140083) HM
80Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Emmanuel Episcopal Church
Built 1848 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m139105) HM
81Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Explore a Trail NetworkChesapeake & Ohio Canal Towpath Cumberland Maryland — Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, National Park Service —
Hike and bike from Pittsburgh to the Chesapeake Bay. You are standing on part of the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail. Explore the Potomac River, Chesapeake Bay, and the Allegheny Highlands on this trail network that includes both land and . . . Map (db m140084) HM
82Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Horatio Sharpe Lived: 1718-1790. Here as Governor of Maryland and the commander of the fort. Fort Frederick was built by his direction. Governor: 1753-1769. Sharpsburg, Md., was named in his honor. Daniel Boone Lived: 1734-1820. Here as a . . . Map (db m17681) HM
83Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — First Baptist Church
Used as a Civil War hospital Cornerstone June 18, 1849 Consecrated November 4, 1849 Addition dedicated Jan. 21, 1917Map (db m177898) HM
84Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — First Church of Christ, Scientist
ca. 1878 National Register Historic Places Washington Street Historic District Map (db m139104) HM
85Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — First Federal Court and Postoffice
First Federal Court and Postoffice Named to the National Register of Historic Places May 1973 Map (db m134397) HM
86Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — First Mass On This Site1791
The first Mass was celebrated in Allegany County by Father Dennis CahillMap (db m177932) HM
87Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's Mill
Here in Evitts Creek Valley on August 1, 1864, General McCausland's Confederate cavalry, returning after burning Chambersburg, was surprised by General Kelley's Union troops from Cumberland. The Confederates were repulsed and retreated across the . . . Map (db m17903) HM
88Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's Mill
Here in Evitts Creek Valley on August 1, 1864, General McCausland's Confederate cavalry, returning after burning Chambersburg, was surprised by General Kelley's Union troops from Cumberland. The Confederates were repulsed and retreated . . . Map (db m19320) HM
89Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's MillConfederate Raid
Late in July 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. McCausland led two cavalry brigades (about 2,800 men) northward into Pennsylvania and Maryland to capture Chambersburg and Cumberland and either collect a ransom or burn the towns. McCausland burned . . . Map (db m19328) HM
90Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's MillRetaliation Rebuffed — 1864 Chambersburg Raid —
During the Civil War, retribution by one side for "atrocities” committed against civilians by the other quickly escalated. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early, during his 1864 Maryland invasion, demanded that several towns pay "ransoms" or be . . . Map (db m179238) HM
91Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Footer's Dye Works
The Footer's Dye Works building is the last remaining structure of a sizeable industrial complex that was once the largest cleaning and dyeing establishment in the United States—and one of Cumberland's major employers. The building housed the . . . Map (db m140093) HM
92Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Fort Cumberland TrailA new opportunity for outdoor recreation — Fort Cumberland Trail —
This is an American Revolution bicentennial project to permanently record the history of one of the City of Cumberland's most historic sites, Fort Cumberland. The beautiful interpretive plaques tell the story and the attractive white rocks mark the . . . Map (db m17714) HM
93Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — French and Indian WarFort Cumberland Trail
"A volley fired by a young Virginian in the backwoods of America set the world on fire" Fort Cumberland was built as a direct result of hostilities between the French and British over control of the Ohio Valley. The British king granted land . . . Map (db m17683) HM
94Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — George Washington at Will’s CreekFort Cumberland Trail
Our founding father spent much time in this vicinity when a young man as surveyor, ambassador, aide-de-camp to General Braddock, and commander of Virginia military forces. This cabin served as his headquarters during part of this time. Young . . . Map (db m167057) HM
95Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north . . . Map (db m1051) HM
96Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 19051842 Home
Site 1842 Home Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 1905 Only person from Allegany County elected Governor of Maryland Served from 1895 to 1900Map (db m17673) HM
97Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Headquarters of George Washington
As colonel under General Braddock at Fort Cumberland during the French and Indian War 1755 - 1758 and as Commander-in-Chief of the American Army in 1794Presented to the City of Cumberland by James Walter Thomas, L.L.D.; Litt.D. dedicated April . . . Map (db m17724) HM
98Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Helmstetter's "Horseshoe" Curve
Helmstetter's Curve remains one of the most favored and photographed sites along the Western Maryland Railway. Named for one of the early families that settled the area, the "Curve” was constructed as part of the 1910-1912 86-mile railway . . . Map (db m170673) HM
99Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Indians and Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Indians served on both sides during the French and Indian War. Some tribes seemed to switch loyalties during the war, when it better suited their purposes. Indians camped near here to consult with General Braddock just before his fateful expedition . . . Map (db m139102) HM
100Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Irish Laborers
This monument was erected in memory of the Irish laborers who died building the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1828 – 1850Map (db m140190) HM

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Jun. 26, 2022