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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Swain County, North Carolina

 
Clickable Map of Swain County, North Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Swain County, NC (68) Graham County, NC (23) Haywood County, NC (47) Jackson County, NC (26) Macon County, NC (30) Blount County, TN (68) Sevier County, TN (107)  SwainCounty(68) Swain County (68)  GrahamCounty(23) Graham County (23)  HaywoodCounty(47) Haywood County (47)  JacksonCounty(26) Jackson County (26)  MaconCounty(30) Macon County (30)  BlountCountyTennessee(68) Blount County (68)  SevierCounty(107) Sevier County (107)
Bryson City is the county seat for Swain County
Adjacent to Swain County, North Carolina
      Graham County (23)  
      Haywood County (47)  
      Jackson County (26)  
      Macon County (30)  
      Blount County, Tennessee (68)  
      Sevier County, Tennessee (107)  
 
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1North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-8 — Deep Creek
Site of Union attack on Thomas's Legion, Feb. 2, 1864. Reduced Cherokee support for Confederacy. One mile northeast.Map (db m38419) HM
2North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-16 — Ellen Black Winston — 1903-1984
Social worker. Led N.C. Board of Public Welfare, 1944-63; first Commissioner of U.S. Welfare. Her grave is 1/10 mi. W.Map (db m99005) HM
3North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-41 — Horace Kephart
Author of "Our Southern Highlanders" (1913) and other works, naturalist, librarian. Grave 3/10 mi S.W. Mt. Kephart, 30 mi. N., is named for him.Map (db m12693) HM
4North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-57 — Kituwah
Cherokee mother town. Council house stood on mound here. Town was destroyed in 1776 by Rutherford expedition.Map (db m12696) HM
5North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-3 — Tsali
Cherokee brave, surrendered to Gen'l Scott to be shot near here, 1838, that remnant of tribe might remain in N.C.Map (db m38421) HM
6North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-3 — Tsali
Cherokee who resisted removal & escaped from U.S. troops; executed nearby, 1838. Story inspired Unto These Hills.Map (db m39694) HM
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7North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — War Dead of Swain County — World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War
World War I Barker, William H., Bates, Everett R., Cathy, Charlie, Cochran, John T., Franklin, Walter I., Freeman, Caro N., Kincaid, William, Leaiherwood, James L., Mashburn, Earnest L., Mason, William, Mathis, Fred, . . . Map (db m52470) WM
8North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-12 — Yonaguska — ca. 1760-1839
Chief of Oconaluftee Cherokee. He advocated temperance and opposed removal of his people from their homeland. Lived in this vicinity.Map (db m12694) HM
9North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — “To the free people of America”
“We meet today to dedicate the mountains, streams, and forests to the service of the American People.” President Franklin Delano Roosevelt September 2, 1940                               The Rockefeller Memorial . . . Map (db m20022) HM
10North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — A Mountain Sanctuary
Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a sanctuary. This is one of the few places in the eastern United States where animal populations can live, propagate, and die with relatively little influence from humans. Plants flourish in untold numbers and . . . Map (db m20057) HM
11North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — And It Became Land
Look out across the Smoky Mountains landscape. How did this land come to be? They carefully got all the mud and they laid it out on the rocks. And when it was dry enough, Grandfather threw it out into the water, and it became land. And the . . . Map (db m43855) HM
12North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Blue Clan — Ani-Sahoni
According to oral tradition, the Blue Clan knew about a plant with a blue flower that was used to heal children’s diseases. (Cherokee language translation) Clan Facts: Your clan came from your mother. People of the same clan could . . . Map (db m134823) HM
13North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Broomcorn
Broomcorn is a member of the sorghum plant family and is the source of broomstraw for making brooms. It was introduced to this country from Asia in the late 1700s. The straw is part of the seed head that grows at the top of the plant. Once the . . . Map (db m190512) HM
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14North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Cherokee Homeland — Blue Ridge Parkway
From here you can see the Qualla Boundary, the 56,000-acre home of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It borders Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Blue Ridge Parkway. The Cherokee originally held over 140,000 square miles in parts of eight . . . Map (db m150379) HM
15North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-14 — Cherokee Indian Reservation / (Leaving) Cherokee Reservation
Cherokee Indian Reservation. Established by United States for the Eastern Band of Cherokee after the removal of 1838. (Leaving) Cherokee Reservation. Established by United States for the Eastern Band of Cherokee after the removal of . . . Map (db m11526) HM
16North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Cherokee Veterans Park
This park is dedicated to all members of the eastern band of Cherokee Indians who served honorably in the Armed Forces of this Great Nation, and especially to those who died in the effort and to Charles George, the only member of the Eastern Band . . . Map (db m12929) HM
17North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Cut and Run — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
You hardly ever left a tree of any size standing and all the little 'uns was torn down. Raymer Brackin Standing her in 1910 you would have seen a far different landscape than today. You might have seen the Champion Fibre Company . . . Map (db m107604) HM
18North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Deer Clan — Ani-Kawi
People in the Deer Clan were recognized as fast runners. They often served as messengers between towns. (Cherokee language translation) Clan Facts: Clans took care of the Cherokee law regarding murder. If you were killed, your . . . Map (db m134822) HM
19North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-45 — Echota Mission
Methodist. Maintained by Holston Conference for Cherokee c.1840-1885. School established 1850. Missionary's house Stands 50 yards north.Map (db m12719) HM
20North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Fifty Years of Mountain Logging
Commercial logging became widespread in the Smokies around 1880, about fifty years before the establishment of the national park. Loggers using hand tools an animal teams took maple, poplar, cherry, walnut, and other choice woods. Mechanized . . . Map (db m20043) HM
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21North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Fish Tales — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Rainbow and brown trout, stonerollers, hogsuckers, sculpins, river chubs, and other fish live here in the lower reaches of the Oconaluftee River. But these are just a few of over 85 species found in the Smokies. The park's streams offer multiple . . . Map (db m107602) HM
22North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization MAB Program on Man and the Biosphere By Decision of the Bureau of the international coordinating council of the program on man and the biosphere, duly authorized to that effect by . . . Map (db m20061) HM
23North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Hogs
Hogs were the main source of meat on mountain farms. They could produce several large litters of offspring each year, which helped insure a family's supply of meat. Surplus livestock could also be sold to produce extra income for the family. The . . . Map (db m190515) HM
24North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Keener Craft Shop — Rev. Horace Ulrich Keener
1st resident missionary to Cherokee Indians, appointed by Holston Conference, lived in this log cabin know as the original parsonage. br> Built 1847. This log cabin was purchased in 1959 from the Soco Community Club by Dr. Walter Miller then . . . Map (db m198003) HM
25North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Land of Blue Smoke
Shaconage, the Cherokee name for this area, means "land of blue smoke." A smoke-like natural bluish haze, and mist-like clouds that rise following a rainstorm, provide the inspiration for the name Smoky Mountains. During the growing season, the . . . Map (db m20058) HM
26North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Land of Diversity
Few Places in North America sustain a greater variety of life than the Great Smoky Mountains. The forests, streams, and meadows here support more than 100 types of trees, 58 kinds of fish, some 1,500 flowering plants, more than 200 bird species, and . . . Map (db m20053) HM
27North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Long Hair Clan
Ani-Gilohi—(Cherokee language translation) People in this clan wore their hair long. They walked with confidence and were often leaders. (Cherokee language translation) CLAN FACTS: Throughout the large . . . Map (db m73920) HM
28North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Measure of Men — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
The high, rounded mountain in front of you is Clingmans Dome (6,643 feet elevation), the highest mountain in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the highest in Tennessee, and the third highest in the eastern United States. It bears the name of . . . Map (db m67901) HM
29North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Mingus Mill — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
You didn't make it without corn....everyone ate cornmeal, sometimes two and three times a day. -George Moore, local resident For 50 years, nearby farmers brought their corn and wheat to Mingus Mill, built in 1886. The miller usually . . . Map (db m111965) HM
30North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Mountains: Refuge and Healing
Clingmans Dome is a sacred mountain to the Cherokees, where the Magic Lake was once seen. The Great Spirit told the Cherokees that, “if they love me, if they love all their brothers and sisters, and if they love the animals of the earth, when . . . Map (db m43851) HM
31North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Museum of the Cherokee Indian
"To preserve and perpetuate the history, culture, and stories of the Cherokee people." To accomplish this mission, the museum maintains a permanent exhibit, extensive artifact collection, archives, education programs, artist series, and . . . Map (db m134805) HM
32North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-58 — Nimrod Jarrett Smith — 1837–1893
Principal Chief, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1880-1891. Led incorporation of Band & centralization of Tribal government on his property, here.Map (db m73919) HM
33North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Oconaluftee Indian Village
Oconaluftee Indian Village is an authentic replica of a Cherokee Indian Town of 1750. Here you will see life as it was carried on 200 years ago. Ancient arts of the Red Man such as basket weaving, wood-carving, finger-weaving, pottery, weapon making . . . Map (db m96642) HM
34North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Paint Clan — Ani-Wodi
Wodi refers to the paint made from red ochre. In the legend of monster Stoneman, a lump of this paint remained when the monster burned up. When the medicine man painted people with it, their wishes came true: to be a great hunter, or warrior, or . . . Map (db m150430) HM
35North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — People of the Mountains
The rugged terrain of the Smoky Mountains determined patterns of human settlement. Residents of the Smokies - be they native Cherokees or European emigrants and their descendants - gravitated to valleys or coves. Settlement was confined to areas far . . . Map (db m20054) HM
36North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Qualla Arts and Crafts Mutual, Inc.
Qualla Arts and Crafts Mutual, Inc. was founded in 1946, with the goal of promoting the development, production, and marketing of unique and authentic Cherokee arts and crafts. Known locally as the "co-op," Qualla Arts and Crafts is one of the . . . Map (db m140706) HM
37North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Sequoyah
This statue honoring Sequoyah. The Cherokee genius who invented the Cherokee Alphabet. was sculpted from a single great California Sequoia (Redwood) Log which was donated and shipped by Georgia-Pacific. This is sculptor Peter wolf Toth's 63rd . . . Map (db m19736) HM
38North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Sorghum Cane
Sorghum cane descended from wild grasses that are native to parts of Africa and Asia where humans have cultivated it for more than 4000 years. It was introduced to this country in the 1700s. Through the centuries, various types of sorghum have been . . . Map (db m190510) HM
39North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Springhouse
A reliable source of drinking water was important in selecting a house site. A good spring met that need and also provided a means for keeping perishable foods. Water from a spring flowed through the springhouse in a rock-lined channel in the . . . Map (db m190525) HM
40North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — The Appalachian Trail
You are standing alongside the Appalachian Trail, one of the longest continuous footpaths in the world. The trail winds more than 2,150 miles through 14 states. Few stretches are more remote or difficult than the section through the Great Smokies. . . . Map (db m20064) HM
41North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — The Great Smokies
(Side One): The Great Smokies: scenic, diverse, culturally rich. The scenic view here are well known; lesser known is the abundance of life. The Smokies' rugged topography creates a diversity of species found in few other places in North . . . Map (db m20066) HM
42North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — The Top of the Smokies — Clingmans Dome
At 6,643 feet, Clingmans Dome is the highest mountain in Great Smokey Mountains National Park and is one of the highest peaks in the eastern United States. An observation tower at the summit takes you above the treetops for a panoramic view. . . . Map (db m43856) HM
43North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-56 — Thomas's Legion
William H. Thomas led Confederate "Legion of Indians & Mountaineers." Cherokee companies raised nearby in 1862.Map (db m12714) HM
44North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Trail of Tears — Qualla Town
In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokees perished during . . . Map (db m73923) HM
45North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Where Man Is Only a Visitor
In front of you is a very special place - part of the park's "backcountry," a place without roads, wires, houses... Here you - or your children, or theirs - may walk for days, largely free of the sights, sounds, and smells of the everyday world. . . . Map (db m20049) HM
46North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Wild Potato Clan — Ani-Gatogewi
The wild potato refers to a native plant whose root is a good food source, also known as the Jerusalem artichoke. Some oral traditions say there were originally fourteen clans, including the Savannah and Wild Holly, whose members all became part of . . . Map (db m134821) HM
47North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — With a Brush of a Comet's Tail — Blue Ridge Parkway
The Blue Ridge Parkway is a collection of diverse and inspiring places. The 469-mile road links Shenandoah National Park to Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Like a long beautiful ribbon connecting distinctive gems, the Parkway joins high . . . Map (db m150299) HM
48North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Wolf Clan — Ani-Waya
The Wolf Clan was known for its medicine people and its warriors. (Cherokee language translation) Clan Masks: In the early twentieth century, Cherokee artists began carving masks representing the clans. These also symbolized . . . Map (db m134820) HM
49North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee Indian Reservation — Place of the Poplar Boundary Tree — North Lat. 35 Deg. 30 Min.
on Southern Boundary Line of lands allotted to the earl of Granville, one of the lords proprietors, in 1743 by the British Crown. The dividing line between Burke and Rutherford counties ran here until after 1792. Beginning corner of grants 501 . . . Map (db m61479) HM
50North Carolina (Swain County), Fontana Dam — The TVA System of Multi-purpose Dams — Built for the People of the United States of America
Fontana DamFontana Dam, a multi-purpose dam on the Little Tennessee River, is 480 feet high, TVA’s highest. Begun soon after Pearl Harbor, it was completed in less than three years. Water stored here helps control floods. Released water . . . Map (db m160563) HM
51North Carolina (Swain County), Fontana Dam — Welcome to Fontana Dam — Highest Dam in the TVA System
• Fontana is the highest concrete dam east of the Rocky Mountains. • Construction of Fontana Dam began in 1942 and was completed in 1944. • Fontana provides 238 miles of shoreline and 10,230 acres of water surface for recreation activities. • . . . Map (db m160573) HM
52North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Eastern View — Great Smokey Mountain National Park
On a clear day you can see Mount Mitchell, the highest peak in the eastern United States, 73 miles (117km) away in North Carolina's Black Mountains. Can you see Mount Mitchell today? clear days can allow views that exceed 100 miles (161km). On other . . . Map (db m107193) HM
53North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Northern View — Great Smokey Mountain National Park
People come to Clingmans Dome to experience the 360-degree view but how does the view today compare to centuries ago? We really don't know, but we do know that haze, largely caused by air pollution, can greatly diminish your view. Records show . . . Map (db m107194) HM
54North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Southern View — Great Smokey Mountain National Park
Notice the forest that surrounds the tower. This is a spruce (Picea rubens) and Fraser fir (Abies fraseri). It is a forest under stress. The dead trees you see are Fraser fir, victims of a European insect. Another threat, with far . . . Map (db m107192) HM
55North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Western View — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Looking west you can track the course of the North Carolina-Tennessee boundary. Through most of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the state boundary also marks the course of the Appalachian Trail, which passes just below this tower. The trail . . . Map (db m107196) HM
56North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Apple House
For the mountain family, apples were a staple-eaten raw and used to make cider, vinegar, apple sauce, apple butter, and pies. Storing them was important, as evidenced by this substantial apple house. Summer apples were stored on the upper floor; . . . Map (db m12754) HM
57North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Blacksmith Shop
This shop was used by the farmer to make repairs to tools or to forge his own ironwork. Iron could be scarce, so a worn-out horseshoe might become part of a door hinge, as you can see here. This blacksmith shop was brought here from Cades Cove, . . . Map (db m12818) HM
58North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Civilian Conservation Corps
In Honor of the Civilian Conservation Corps 1933 – 1942 whose hands built roads, trails, bridges, buildings, campgrounds, and picnic areas in Great Smoky Mountains National Park for the benefit and enjoyment of the people. . . . Map (db m58439) HM
59North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Corn Cribs
Corn cribs housed the family's most important crop. Corn fed humans and livestock. Families consumed it both fresh and as cornmeal cooked into dishes such as mush and cornbread. After allowing corn to dry on the stalk, farmers stored it on the cob. . . . Map (db m12815) HM
60North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Hands That Built
Nature forged the Great Smokies, but the hands of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) helped shape the national park we know today. During the 1930s, enrollment peaked as 4,300 men worked here, building roads, campgrounds, trails, and buildings. . . . Map (db m99065) HM
61North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Horace Kephart's Last Permanent Camp
On this spot Horace Kephart - Dean of American Campers and one of the Principal Founders of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park - pitched his last permanent camp.Map (db m12751) HM
62North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Mingus Mill — An 1886 Turbine Mill
For over fifty years the mill you are approaching ground corn into meal and wheat into flour for the mountain community near Mingus Creek. In place of wooden water wheel, a small steel turbine provided power to run the mill's stones and machinery. . . . Map (db m43850) HM
63North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Mountain Farm Museum
Most of the buildings on a mountain farm related to the most basic of all needs; preserving food. The historic buildings at the Mountain Farm Museum were moved here from throughout the national park in the early 1950s. These buildings reflect . . . Map (db m12747) HM
64North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Sorghum Mill and Furnace
Sorghum cane, a corp grown on many mountain farms, was used to produce sorghum molasses. The cane fed between the rollers of the animal-powered cane mill, which squeezed out the juice.The juice was then boiled over the furnace until it turned . . . Map (db m12814) HM
65North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Spared the Saw
Look out across the forested mountains of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The mountains are ancient, but much of the forest is young. Very little is old-growth, or ancient—never cut. But the time the park was established, as much as 80 . . . Map (db m99067) HM
66North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — The Meathouse
This building protected one of the most valuable commodities on a mountain farm: the meat supply. The most common meat was pork. Without refrigeration, salting and smoking were the most common means of preserving meat and protecting it from insects . . . Map (db m12753) HM
67North Carolina (Swain County), Qualla — An Ancient and Settled Landscape
Today, members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians continue to honor and cultivate the traditions which have guided their culture for thousands of years. The Qualla Boundary, as it has been known for generations, is a small fragment of the . . . Map (db m99076) HM
68North Carolina (Swain County), Wesser — Nantahala Town — "the trail where they cried" — Trail of Tears —
(preface) In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from the homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokees . . . Map (db m190503) HM
 
 
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Dec. 1, 2022