“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Nye County, Nevada

Clickable Map of Nye County, Nevada and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Nye County, NV (73) Churchill County, NV (41) Clark County, NV (183) Esmeralda County, NV (21) Eureka County, NV (20) Lander County, NV (25) Lincoln County, NV (34) Mineral County, NV (14) White Pine County, NV (26) Inyo County, CA (128)  NyeCounty(73) Nye County (73)  ChurchillCounty(41) Churchill County (41)  ClarkCounty(183) Clark County (183)  EsmeraldaCounty(21) Esmeralda County (21)  EurekaCounty(20) Eureka County (20)  LanderCounty(25) Lander County (25)  LincolnCounty(34) Lincoln County (34)  MineralCounty(14) Mineral County (14)  WhitePineCounty(26) White Pine County (26)  InyoCountyCalifornia(128) Inyo County (128)
Tonopah is the county seat for Nye County
Adjacent to Nye County, Nevada
      Churchill County (41)  
      Clark County (183)  
      Esmeralda County (21)  
      Eureka County (20)  
      Lander County (25)  
      Lincoln County (34)  
      Mineral County (14)  
      White Pine County (26)  
      Inyo County, California (128)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Nevada, Nye County, Amargosa Valley — A Changing Landscape
These photos were taken not far from where you are standing. Since that time, fields of alfalfa and cotton have been replaced by mesquite trees and other native plants. Spring pools and natural flowing streams have replaced concrete . . . Map (db m184840) HM
2 Nevada, Nye County, Amargosa Valley — Amargosa Valley's Clay Industry
Near here is the site of the Bradford Siding on the Death Valley Railroad spur of the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad. This siding was used by the extensive clay quarries active in the Amargosa Valley from the 1920's until 1940. The first clay claim . . . Map (db m107073) HM
3 Nevada, Nye County, Amargosa Valley — Cultural Clues to the Past
Why are there holes in the limestone? They're not old fence posts, or dinosaur footprints, but the place where Native Americans ground mesquite beans into flour. The whole pod was ground up and pounded to powder with a blunt sturdy piece of . . . Map (db m184850) HM
4 Nevada, Nye County, Amargosa Valley — Jack Longstreet
Jack Longstreet's life before 1880 is unknown. In 1880 Longstreet staked mining claims in Northern Arizona, claimed a Native American Wife, and two years later opened a saloon and drug store in Moapa, Nevada. By 1888, Longstreet was in Oasis Valley, . . . Map (db m107098) HM
5 Nevada, Nye County, Amargosa Valley — Jack's Stone Cabin
Looking for a protected, isolated place for a home, Jack Longstreet rode into Ash Meadows and found exactly what he was looking for- a clear spring, a cave in a spring mound, and open pasture for his horses. He enlarged the cave and built a stone . . . Map (db m89554) HM
6 Nevada, Nye County, Beatty — 1921 Fordson Tractor — Model F
The Fordson tractor by the Ford Motor Company was the first agricultural tractor to be mass-produced. It was a lightweight, frameless tractor with a vapouriser-fed engine and four metal wheels. Henry Ford was raised as a farmer and yearned . . . Map (db m195540) HM
7 Nevada, Nye County, Beatty — 173 — Beatty — Center of the Gold Railroads — "Chicago of the West" —
Beatty was the center of three short-lived, so-called "gold" railroads that were spawned by the strikes of the early 1900's in Tonopah, Goldfield and Rhyolite. During 1906-'07 three railroads were built in this area. The Las Vegas and . . . Map (db m31924) HM
8 Nevada, Nye County, Beatty — Desert Hills Cemetery
Beatty's first and only cemetery, the Desert Hills Cemetery dates back to the beginning of the community. Named for Montillus " Old Man" Beatty, the town was the center of the Bullfrog Mining District. The mining district got it's start with a . . . Map (db m107010) HM
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9 Nevada, Nye County, Beatty — 57 — Old Boundary — Nevada's Southern Boundary 1861 -1867
The 37th Degree North Latitude is marked at this point as the dividing line between the territories of Utah and New Mexico under the provisions of the Compromise of 1850 which originally organized the land ceded by Mexico in 1848. When the . . . Map (db m46382) HM
10 Nevada, Nye County, Belmont — 138 — Belmont — Reported missing
Once visited by prehistoric man, Shoshone Indians also used this site for jackrabbit drives and for celebrations. Silver ore discoveries in 1865, the convenience of wood and water and a naturally fine location resulted in the attractive . . . Map (db m86419) HM
11 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — A Home
This was a bachelor's quarters in 1906. That year the Italian occupants staged a lively Fourth of July celebration. Accordion music emanated from with, and wine flowed freely. Again and again someone appeared at the door to empty a six shooter . . . Map (db m89576) HM
12 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Assay Office
Samples of rock and ore from the mine and samples of concentrates from the mill were processed (assayed) here to determine the amount of values they contained. The furnace in this assay laboratory used charcoal because it was the only clean burning . . . Map (db m89578) HM
13 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Charcoal Yard
Thousands of sacks of charcoal were stacked in this area. The charcoal was used to fire the furnace used to assay the ore samples at the nearby assay office, and as fuel for blacksmith forges in the machine shop at the mine. Because charcoal is . . . Map (db m89588) HM
14 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Company Boardinghouse
The Company-owned boardinghouse that stood here was leased and run by (China) Tom Joe at the turn of the century. From here, China Joe moved to Ione to operate a boardinghouse of his own. From 1905 until the mine and mill shut down in 1907, the . . . Map (db m89589) HM
15 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Doctor's Office & Home
Because the area was sparsely settled and his patients were few, Dr. Bruton was a poor man. He walked when he visited the sick in Berlin and Union Canyon, carrying his satchel which contained all the instruments and medicines he might need. If . . . Map (db m89594) HM
16 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Firmin Bruner — Dedicated In Appreciation
For sharing his memories of history as he lived them here in Berlin, West Union Canyon, and other parts of Central Nevada during the early years of the twentieth century. His efforts will allow present and future generations to more fully . . . Map (db m89591) HM
17 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Foster's Blacksmith Shop
Bill and Mack Foster moved this building to here from Ellsworth. It was used as a blacksmith shop by them when they were prospecting in this area for about twenty years preceding the year 1954.Map (db m89579) HM
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18 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Machine Shop
This building contained the blacksmith shop, and was equipped with power driven drill presses, and lathes, etc. Therefore, it was called the machine shop. The crew of mechanics that worked here kept all the mine and mill machinery running . . . Map (db m89580) HM
19 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Mine Superintendent's Home
Mr. Bowen, the mine superintendent, believed in dealing with his fellow men with justice and understanding, but he could not be deterred from administering his duties for the company conscientiously. In 1907, when the miners struck for a raise . . . Map (db m89585) HM
20 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Mrs. Phillips Home
Mrs. Kate Phillips lived here until 1907. She then moved to Ione and opened a boarding house and lodging house. Later, Will and Mack Foster resided in this building for about twenty years. During that time they prospected a wide area and also . . . Map (db m89581) HM
21 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Stage Station
The stage driver and his horses were housed under one roof in this building. A partition made of lumber separated the dwelling section from the barn. A small corral was attached to the south section and the door leading into the barn could be closed . . . Map (db m89582) HM
22 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — The Berlin Mill
This building was a beehive of activity while Berlin was in its heyday. One man tended to the primary crusher and did other odd jobs, another tended the 30 stamps and the concentration tables, and a third man fired the five boilers and looked . . . Map (db m89583) HM
23 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — The Clubhouse
The Two-Story building that stood here was called the "Clubhouse". It might have been erected to house the mine and mill office, but during the years from 1906 to 1908, it was used as quarters for visiting company officials and local supervisors . . . Map (db m89587) HM
24 Nevada, Nye County, Berlin — Watson's House
W.J. Watson who was a postmaster and store manager lived in this house with his daughter, Mrs. Reston and his granddaughter Zoe. Although Mr. Watson was an employee of high rank, and he was aware of the anti-liquor policy of the company, he . . . Map (db m89584) HM
25 Nevada, Nye County, Carvers — 42 — Big Smoky Valley
Named for its hazy distances, this valley has seen a parade of famous men and stirring events. Prior to the white men, the valley and its bordering Toiyabe and Toquima Ranges were favorite Shoshone haunts. Jedediah Smith, intrepid trapper . . . Map (db m89413) HM
26 Nevada, Nye County, Carvers — 64 — Ophir
Well up into the canyon out yonder, one can still see the massive stone foundations of a costly and splendid stamp mill, as well as, the stone walls of an elegant office and mansion. Here was the scene of once busy place, now a ghost town. Ore was . . . Map (db m89408) HM
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27 Nevada, Nye County, Carvers — 217 — Tate's Stage Station — 1886-1901
Long after the railroads came to Nevada and branch lines were extended towards the heartland of the state, horse-drawn stages transported people and mail from railhead to the hinterlands. The principal routes were covered by such well-known lines . . . Map (db m89421) HM
28 Nevada, Nye County, Coaldale — 20 — Columbus
The remnants of Columbus are located on the edge of the Columbus salt marsh, five miles to the southwest. The town was initially settled in 1865, when a quartz mill was erected at the site. This was a favorable location for a mill, because it . . . Map (db m115888) HM
29 Nevada, Nye County, Manhattan — John C. Humphrey — Founder of Manhattan, Nevada
John Humphrey found gold in Manhattan Canyon, April 1, 1905. The discovery led to the town of Manhattan later that year.Map (db m89523) HM
30 Nevada, Nye County, Manhattan — 1 — Lady Guardian of Old Belmont
The grand old building to the left, once known as the Philadelphia House was built by the Combination Silver Mining Company of New York in 1866. Constructed of native stone acquired from a nearby quarry, the building served as headquarters for mine . . . Map (db m60215) HM
31 Nevada, Nye County, Manhattan — 97 — Manhattan - "The Pine Tree Camp"
The Manhattan Mining Camp northeast of here, was first organized in 1867. The place name persisted in local use, and was adopted in 1905 when John Humphrey found gold at the foot of April Fool Hill near the old stage route. A typical boom . . . Map (db m89409) HM
32 Nevada, Nye County, Mercury — 165 — Nevada Test Site
Testing of devices for defense and for peaceful uses of nuclear explosives is conducted here. The nation's principal nuclear explosives testing laboratory is located within this 1,350 square mile, geologically complex, area in the isolated valleys . . . Map (db m32982) HM
33 Nevada, Nye County, Pahrump — 171 — Chief Tecopa — Peacemaker of the Paiutes
Chief Tecopa was a young man when the first white man came to Southern Nevada. As the leader of the Southern Paiute Tribes, he fought with vigor to save their land and traditional way of life. He soon realized, however, that if his people were to . . . Map (db m89415) HM
34 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolite — Rhyolite
In 1904 Frank “Shorty” Harris and Ed Cross found green-colored, high grade gold ore. The resulting gold rush created the Bullfrog District. Its premier community was Rhyolite. Platted in 1905, it quickly grew into the largest city in . . . Map (db m159714) HM
35 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolite — Rhyolite Train Depot
In keeping with its prominence as a mining center, Rhyolite was serviced by three railroads: the Las Vegas & Tonopah, the Tonopah & Tidewater, and the Bullfrog-Goldfield. The Las Vegas & Tonopah Railroad laid one mile of track per day, then . . . Map (db m195442) HM
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36 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolite — Rhyolite's District of Shadows
Up the hill lies the financial and population core of Rhyolite, capital of Rhyoleind, and trade center for rhyoleir, the rare lighter-than-air mineral that gave the city its power, wealth and, some said, purpose. You'll see bottlehouses built . . . Map (db m159718) HM
37 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolite — Titus Canyon Road
This adventurous backcountry road, proclaimed in 1926 by one enthusiast "one of the grandest and most rugged drives on the American continent," is a legacy from the spectacular boom and bust of Leadfield, a mining town located along the way. The . . . Map (db m160078) HM
38 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolite — Tom Kelly Bottle House — Rhyolite
The Tom Kelly Bottle House is one of the few remaining examples of bottle house architecture in the United States. In Nevada, where wood is scarce and expensive, miners often built their houses with whatever was cheap and readily . . . Map (db m195690) HM
39 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolite — Welcome to Rhyolite — Remember the past by exploring the present! —
Gold was discovered in this area in 1904. Several mining camps quickly grew around the discoveries. The town of Rhyolite was founded in 1905 and became the city of dreams; dreams of gold, prosperity, greed, and speculation. By 1906 . . . Map (db m159246) HM
40 Nevada, Nye County, Rhyolyte — Cook Bank Building — One of the Most Photographed Ruins in Nevada
The Cook Bank is the most iconic building in Rhyolite and is one of the most photographed ruins in Nevada. John Cook and his brother started the John S. Cook & Company Bank in Goldfield, Nevada in January 1905. Later that same year, they opened a . . . Map (db m195416) HM
41 Nevada, Nye County, Round Mountain — 96 — Round Mountain
One of many early 1900 gold camps, Round Mountain is unique because: ...It has been a producer for more than 60 years. ...All the gold occurred in free, visible, metallic form. ...Many small, high-grade veins were easily mined with hand tools. . . . Map (db m89414) HM
42 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — "Big" Bill Murphy
This statue depicts Big Bill Murphy, hero of the tragic Tonopah Belmont Mine fire that killed 17 miners on February 23, 1911. Murphy went down in the mine cage a number of times to bring up stricken miners. On the last trip he did not return. . . . Map (db m62320) HM
43 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — A Miner's Life
Life in the early frontier mining camp of Tonopah was primitive and lonely. Most of the population, single men, lived in tents. Though water was hauled in from springs several miles away, food was brought in from great distances by freight teams. By . . . Map (db m188165) HM
44 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Belle's Mine — The Mizpah Mine was christened by Belle Butler
For Belle to be so involved in the business of mining was unusual. In 1900 women were not allowed to vote, be on juries or hold elected office, and it was certainly socially inappropriate to be involved in "men's work" as heavily as was Bell, but . . . Map (db m188147) HM
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45 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Belmont Mine Fire Mural — Dedicated November 19, 2005
The mural you are viewing was painted by noted mural artist, Lee Bowerman of Grand Junction, Colorado and is dedicated to Nevada Mine Safety in remembrance of the Belmont Mine Fire of February 23, 1911 and the heroism of cage tender, William . . . Map (db m129265) HM
46 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — County Court House — Nye County
Built in 1905 at a cost of $27,965.00 by Continental Construction Company. Site selected by commission April 1 and donated by Jim Butler's Tonopah Mining Company. On Tuesday, February 7, 1905 Governor Sparks signed the bill to remove the county seat . . . Map (db m3916) HM
47 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — First Tonopah Cemetery — 1901 - 1911
Buried here are many of Tonopah's Pioneer Residents including 14 victims of the Tonopah-Belmont Mine fire of Feb. 23, 1911 as well as the victims of the 1902 Tonopah Plague. Cemetery fenced 1979Map (db m188166) HM
48 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Framing Building
The pile of pipe beside the building is fan pipe which was used to send air down the mine and through the workings for ventilation. The air was supplied by large fans on the surface. The pile of wire on the hill behind the building is banding from . . . Map (db m89635) HM
49 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Glory Hole
The Glory Hole was created in 1922 when a large underground stope caved in. It happed in the evening as the mine was only working one shift at a time, no one was hurt. The size of the stope can be judged by the size of the hole. There are many more . . . Map (db m188142) HM
50 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Harry Stimler
Co-Founder of Goldfield, Nevada "The Greatest Gold Camp On Earth"Map (db m89556) HM
51 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Haul Out The Riches
It was one thing to blast, drill and muck up the rock underground. It was quite another to get the rock with the riches to the surface. The most obvious solution was to put the rocks in a bucket of some kind and push, or lift it, to get it out of . . . Map (db m188151) HM
52 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Into the Depths
Look above you to the large headframe of the Mizpah Mine on the hill. Imagine entering a cage at the bottom of that headframe. You would be lowered 1,500 feet (more than a 1/4 of a mile!), the depth of the Mizpah shaft. When you reached the bottom . . . Map (db m89625) HM
53 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Jim and Belle Butler
In May 1900, Jim and Belle Butler came prospecting from their hay ranch at Belmont to stake the claims that gave rise to Tonopah. This was the first silver bonanza of the 20th century. It prompted a mining renaissance and this heritage is Tonopah's . . . Map (db m62321) HM
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54 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — 1 — John G. Kirchen
Born - June 13, 1874 Lake Linden, Michigan Died - March 4, 1931 San Francisco, California This monument, constructed in 1931 was dedicated in memory of John G. Kirchen. Tonopah businessman and manager of The Tonopah Extension Mining Co. . . . Map (db m46508) HM
55 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — 101 — Millers
As a result of the mining excitement at Tonopah in 1901 and subsequent construction of the Tonopah and Goldfield Railroad, Millers was founded in 1904 as a station and watering stop on that line. The name honors Charles R. Miller, a director of the . . . Map (db m3494) HM
56 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Mine To Market
Tonopah's remote location created an expensive obstacle. Digging the mineral out of the ground was one thing. Transporting it to the mill and eventually the marketplace was another. Giant Wagons Large wagons hitched in tandem were used to . . . Map (db m188160) HM
57 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Mizpah Hotel — An elegant retreat into Nevada's past
In 1907-08, to celebrate Tonopah's newfound prosperity, Geo Wingfield, Geo Nixon, Bob Govan and the Brougher Brothers collaborated to erect "The best hotel in Nevada". 1931 saw legalized gambling returned and a small casino was opened. 1956 new . . . Map (db m89426) HM
58 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Mizpah Mine Powder Magazine — 1902-1948
Used to store all dynamite, fuse and blasting caps used in Tonopah Mining Co. mines.Map (db m89629) HM
59 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Silver Top Mine
Jim and Belle Butler, along with their associates, sold their claims to investors who formed the Tonopah Mining Company of Nevada. In 1902 development began on the Silver Top Claim. A shaft was suck to 700 feet and eventually a wooden headframe was . . . Map (db m188164) HM
60 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Silver Vein
When the prospectors wandered the Nevada Desert, they looked for specific types and combinations of rock. Often a certain rock, such as quartz in this vicinity, would signal the presence of gold, silver, or other metals which could mean a new . . . Map (db m107137) HM
61 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Stopes
The stopes are where the ore bodies were mined out. These show where the veins actually came to the surface. Jim Butler's original discovery was on these veins near the back of the old fire house. The ore bodies averaged about 500' in depth and most . . . Map (db m89627) HM
62 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — 6 — Suffrage Leader — Road to the 19th Amendment — National Votes for Women Trail —
Marjorie Moore Brown worked for Nevada's vote & the Nineteenth Amendment. Suffrage meetings held here at Mizpah Hotel 1912-1914.Map (db m223914) HM
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63 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Teamsters
Once the ore was mined and sacked, it had to be hauled to the railroad. That task was entrusted to the Teamsters, so called because they drove teams of mules, horses or both. Each Teamster was assisted by a Swamper, who watered and fed the . . . Map (db m89632) HM
64 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — The Hoistmen
It didn't matter how long or small a mine was. Miners tools and dynamite had to be hauled in, and ore, tools and miners had to be hoisted out. The Whim The simplest hoist - a pully with a rope leading down into the shaft. The Whip . . . Map (db m188137) HM
65 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — The Leasers — "From everywhere came hardy spirits..."
A great mystery of the desert is how quickly word travels of a rich mineral strike! The discovery started America's last great mining rush. Belle and Jim devised a plan to handle the rush. They leased parts of their claim, the richest of . . . Map (db m89626) HM
66 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — The Railroads
Transporting supplies to the mines and hauling ore and bullion out to the mills and to marker was the job of the railroads. The Tonopah & Goldfield standard gauge railroad arrived in camp on Monday August 16, 1905. With spurs extending to the mines, . . . Map (db m188131) HM
67 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — The Tonopah Mining Boom
In 1900. Jim Butler stopped at a site known as Tonapah, or Little Water, in the Western Shoshone language. Taking a few rock samples, he discovered a mine that led to one of the most important mineral finds of the early twentieth century. As the . . . Map (db m52843) HM
68 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — 15 — Tonopah
To Jim Butler, District Attorney of Nye County, goes the credit for making the ore discoveries which ended the twenty-year slump in Nevada's economy. Migratory Indian bands originally applied the name Tonopah to a small spring in the nearby San . . . Map (db m42454) HM
69 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — 172 — Tybo — Silver-Lead-Zinc Camp
Eight miles northwest of this point lies what was formerly one of the leading lead-producing districts in the nation. Producing erratically from ore discovery in 1866 to the present (the last mill closed in 1937), Tybo has managed to achieve an . . . Map (db m89416) HM
70 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Undiscovered Silver Vein
The hidden vein of silver ore in the middle of the road was exposed when the road was bladed in the 1950's. The vein was missed by the old timers and is an example of how all the outcropped veins looked when they were discovered by Jim Butler in May . . . Map (db m89633) HM
71 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Up From The Depths
Raising thousands of pounds of rock from the depths of the earth required a massive headframe, strong engines and powerful cables to make it all work. The Mizpah had one of the earliest steel headframes. It weighed about 60,000 pounds and could . . . Map (db m188116) HM
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72 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — Verdi Lumber Company Coal Bin
Built around 1908, this building was used to house coal unloaded from the Tonopah & Goldfield Railroad in Tonopah. The bin was donated by Larry Moss and moved to this location by the Nye County Road Department.Map (db m89630) HM
73 Nevada, Nye County, Tonopah — WM. "Billy" Marsh
Co-Founder of Goldfield, Nevada "The Greatest Gold Camp On Earth"Map (db m89555) HM
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Nov. 29, 2023